Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

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collection, storage, pumping, settling, filtering, and dis-
tribution of potable waters, as modified by the various
conditions governing the supply, and the various demands
of the city service. Tvso recUatioru per week.

Professor Johnson.
XV.

Sewerage and Drainage of Cities. The practical designing of
systems of sewerage and drainage of cities, together with
a study of the various methods of sewage disposal, the
principles of house drainage, sanitary plumbing, etc. Three
recitations per week. Professor Johnson.

XVI.

Specifications and Contracts. The study of the principles of
the law of contracts as applied to engineering work,
together with typical forms of specifications governing both
the commercial and the technical features of engineering
construction, and of all the related documents pertaining
to engineering contract-s. One recitation per week.

Professor Johnson.
XVII.

Higher Course in the Strength of Engineering Materials. The
elements of the theory of- elasticity as applied to the
strength of materials within the elastic limit, together with
a study of the more elaborate special investigations in the
strength and the fatigue of engineering materials, which



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60 WA8HIKQTON UNIVERSITY.

have been made abroad, and of the various types of testing
machines in common use in this and in other countries.
Two lectures per week. Professor Johnson.

XVIII.

River and Harbor Improvements. A study of the principles
and of the current practice at home and abroad, in the
matter of the improvement of low water navigation of
inland rivers, together with the methods employed for the
protection of unstable banks, and the prevention of
destructive floods. Also, a study of the methods pursued
in improvement works at the mouths of rivers, and in the
construction of artificial harbors. Three hours per week.

Professor Johnson.
XIX.

Advanced Course in Engineering Design. The preparation of
original designs for various kinds of civil engineering
structures, with all the computations, plans and specifica-
tions for the same. Six hours per week.

Professor Johnson.
XX.

The Economic Design of Metallic Bridges. A study of the
principles of economy involved in the designing of such
structure.s, with the application of these principles to all
the more common styles of metallic truss bridges. Tico
hours per week. Professor Johnson.

XXI.

Seminary Work. The preparation of abstracts and reports on
assigned subjects, the information to be found either from
the direct study of the works themselves, or of descrip-
tions of them as found in the technical library. These
subjects are assigned to individual members of the class
two or three weeks in advance of the date assigned for
making the report, at which time the student occupies the
hour in presenting the subject to the class and the



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CIVIL ENGINERBIKG. 61

instructor. One object of this coarse is to enable the stu-
dents to become acquainted with the best engineering lit-
eratare, whether in formal monographs, or in society
proceedings, or in the leading technical journals. Three
hours per toeek. Professor Johmsox.

XXII.

Professional Thesis. An extended study or design, involving
original Investigation or experiment, intended to show the
ability of the student to conduct an Important study of this
kind to a successful issue.

Under the direction of Professor Johkson.



FACILITIES AND APPLIANCES IN CIVIL ENGINEEEINO.

Surveying Instruments, — The Department of Civil En-
gineering is supplied with three transits for ordinary field
work, one altazimuth instrument for Iriangulation and
astronomical work, reading to ten seconds of arc on both
horizontal and vertical circles, two engineer's levels,
two needle compasses, one sextant, one plane table, one
300-foot steel tape standardized, with all the necessary
accompanying apparatus for field and oflSce work, such as
stadia boards, stadia slide rules, chains, tapes, signals,
protractors, parallel rules, etc.

There is also a complete mining transit, adapted to the
ase of the stadia, which may be used for topographical
work if required.

Library Models, and Drawings. — There is a well
selected working library kept in the office of the depart-
ment which is accessible to the Senior and Fifth year
students and which they consult freely on assigned topics.
There is also a large assortment of drawings of the most



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62 WASHINGTON DNIVERSITY.

interesting engineering and architectural structures at
home and abroad. Many photographs and blue prints
have been collected illustrating all the more common
styles of bridges with their details.

The Testing Laboratory, — The facilities in the testing
laboratory are very complete. A floor space of about
2,400 square feet is occupied with the following appli-
ances: two Riehle universal testing machines with a
capacity of 100,000 lbs. and 20,000 lbs. respectively,
a beam testing machine, with a capacity of 100,000 lbs.
on a length of 24 feet ; two beam testing machines with a
capacity of 6,000 lbs. on a length of five feet with micro-
meter deflection measuring apparatus ; a column testing
machine with capacity of 1,000,000 pounds on a length
of 36 feet or less; cement testing machines of the Fair-
banks, the Riehle, and the Olsen types ; a complete stand-
ard set of German briquet making and testing machines
and scales, with pounding apparatus; an extensometer
apparatus reading lo ten thousandths of an inch; one
eight-horse power steam engine ; one five-horse power
dynamo ; one planer and one lathe for iron work ; one wood
planer, one band saw, and one cutting off circular saw for
shaping timber specimens ; two drying ovens and three set«
of scales ; a dry kiln with steam coil and exhaust fan for
drying lumber; complete sets of bench and carpenter's
tools, standard gauges, scales, etc.

This is thought to be the most complete outfit of appa-
ratus for testing the strength of engineering materials to
be found in America, and it is all available for students'
use.

Sho2>icork, — All students in the course in Civil



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MKCHANICAL ENOINBERINO. 63

Engineering who have not graduated in a Manual Train-
ing School are given a full coarse in shop- work, extending
over two years, of four hoars a week. This time is given
to tool work in wood, forging, and ordinary machine-shop
manipulations.



COURSES OF STUDY IN MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING

I.

Kinematics of Machinery. The principles of mecbanisni, roll-
ing curves, cams, teeth of wheels, link work, escapements,
trains of mechanism, cpicyclic trains, and the efficiency of
mechanisms. Three recitations per week during the first term,
and two per week during the second term. Mr. Bobhm.

11.

Machinery. Lectures on the details of pipe fitting, on pulleys,
shafting, belting, erecting machinery, dynamometers, lubri-
cation and lubricants, aod calorimetric tests of fuels. Two
lectures per week, Professsor Kinkaly.

III.

Elementary Steam Engineering. An elementary discussion of
thermodynamics, theory of the steam engine, t^-pes of
engines, valves and valve diagrams, indicators and indicator
cards, combustion of fuel, and boilers and chimneys.
Three recitations per week. Professor Kimkaly.

IV.

Mechanical Drawing. The drawing of straight line motions,
pipe fittings, teeth of wheels, details of the steam engine,



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64 WASHINGTON UNlVKRSlTlf.

link motioDs and valve diagrams. Seven hours per week dur-
ing one term and six hours per week during another,

Mr. BOBHM.

V.
Mechanical Laboratory. The standardization of instruments,
calorimetrlc tests of fuels, tests of labricants, lining up and
adjusting the steam engine, the use of the indicator. Four
hours per week. Mr. Bobhm.

VI.
Advanced Steam Engineering. The study of the details of dif-
ferent engines; also, the thermodynamics of heat engines.
Three recitations per week. Professor Kinbaly.

VII.
Steam Engine Designing. The theory and practice of engine
designing; and the design of an engine in detail. Three
lectures per week. Six hours per week in the drawing room
for the mecfianical engineers and two hours per week for the
electrical engineers. Professor Einkalt.

VIII.

Machine Designing. Study of the principles involved In the

designing of machines, Inclading the transmission of power

by sliafting, gearing, belts and ropes. Tico recitations per

week. Professor Kinbaly.

IX.

Steam Boiler and Chimney Designing. The theory and practice
of boiler and chimney designing, and the design in detail
of a boiler and a chimney. Two lectures per week and eight
hours per toeek in tJie drawing room. Professor Kinbaly.

X.

Hydraulic Machinery. The theory of tlie operation of pump-
ing machinery, water wheels, and turbines. One hour per
week. Professor Kinbaly.



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MBGHANECAL ENGINEERING. 65

XI.

Mill Engineering. Mill and factory construction and slow
burning construction. Three lecturee per week during a
partof one term. Professor Kinbaly.

XII.
Beating and Ventilating. A short course on the theory and
practice of heating and ventilating buildings. Three hours
per week during a part of one term. Professor Kinbaly.

XIII.

Mechanical Laboratory. Taking indicator cards, valve setting,
efficiency tests of the steam and gas engines, boiler tests,
chimney gas analysis, and visiting manufacturing establish-
ments. Eight hours per week, Mr. Bobhm.

XIV.
Heating and Ventilating, Refrigeration. A study in detail of
the various systems of heating and ventilating buildings ;
and an elementary discussion of refrigeration and refriger-
ation machinery. Five hours per week.

Professor Kinbaly.

XV.

Designing. Designs of shops and factories; power plants;
and heating and ventilating systems. Bight hours per week.

Professor Kinbaly.

XVI.

Mechanical Laboratory. Special investigations. Eight hours
per week. Mr. Borhm.

XVII.
Oa8 and Petroleum Engines. Study of gas and petroleum
engines. Five hours per week for part of one term.

Professor Kinbaly.



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66 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

XV in.

Power Traasniissiou. Study of the transmissioD of power
by air and water. Five hours per week for part of one term.

Professor Kinbaly.
XIX.
Railway aud Marine Engineering. Short course on the study
of the locomotive and marine engines. Five kours per week
for part of one term. Professor Kink alt.

XX.
Thesis. The preparation of a paper containing a critical
review of some mechanical construction, or a complete
mechanical design. Fifteen hours per week.

Professor Kinkaly.
XXI.
Mechanical Laboratory. Short course for the students in civil
engineering. Tioo hours per week. Mr. Boehm.

APPLIANOKS FOR INSTRUCTION IN MECHANICAL BNGIN BERING.

The Department of Mechauical Engineering is well
provided with drawings and photographs illustrating the
best practice in all branches of mechanical engineering,
including a large number of drawings of the machinery
of new ships for the U. S. Navy, and examples of the best
practice in the construction of locomotives, stationary
engines, and machine tools. A small but modern and
carefully selected technical library, to which additions are
constanlly being made, is maintained in connection with
this I)ei>artment, and students have access to a number
of the best technical journals.

For experimental or laboratory work the Department is
provided with a steam engine, a Westinghouse air com-



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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. 6i

pressor, a Bogart gas and gasoline engine, a Carpenter
steam calorimeter, a pair of Crosby indicators, a plani-
ineter, a tachometer, a Thompson coal calorimeter, a pyro-
meter, a complete set of apparatus for testing labricants,
a standard gas meter, a standard test gauge, a Prony
brake, thermometers, revolution counters, and such tools
as are necessary for the proper use of the above. The
laboratory is lighted by electricity and gas, and is well
supplied with water, gas and steam.

The mercury column and other apparatus belonging to
the Department of Physics is at the service of the students
of this department when needed for conducting experi-
ments.

Tests of materials are made in the extensive Testing
Laboratory under the direction of the Professor of Civil
Engineering.

The students (in case they have not already taken a
full course in Manual Training*) have also the advantage
of the well equipped shops of the St. Louis Manual
Training School, in which they receive a training in the
use and care of metal and wood-working tools and machin-
ery. The training in the shops is of great help to the
students in designing. The students also make some use
of the University boilers in making boiler tests.



« Thon^ a preliminary course In Manual Training is not '* required "
in the conditions of admission It Is strongly recommended that Mannal
TmiBlDg enter into the preparatory coarse.



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68 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.



PHYSICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.

I. Elementary Mechanics, inclnding the Mechanics of Flaids.

Two lectures or recUattons and two hours of laboratory

work per week. Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.

IL Optics. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of

laboratory work per week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.
II L Heat. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of labora-
tory work per week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.
IV. Electricity and Magnetism. Two lectures or recitations
and two hours of laboratory work per week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.
V. Laboratory instruction in Electrical Measurements, in-
cluding measurement of resistances, B. M. F. of bat-
teries, the calibration of amperemeters and voltmeters,
electrolytic measurements, magnetic determinations,
heating effect of currents, electrical determination of
Joule's equivalent. Six hours per loeek.

Professor Nipher .
VI. Introduction to tlie mathematical theory of Electricity
and Magnetism, including the theory of Potential;
capacity of bodies; energy of electrical systems;
electrometers and electrostatic voltmeters, theory of
magnetic measurements, magnetic fields due to electric
currents, electrical induction, theory of dynamos and
electric motors, alternating current.s, tri-phascd sys-
tems. Three hours per iceek. Professor Nipher .
VII. Dynamo-clcctric Machinery, including a discussion of
tlie theory of series, shunt and compound dynamos and
motors, conditions of efllcieucy of dynamos and motors,
conditions of economic operation, transformers and
transformer systems, electric ligliting stations, electric
railways, {)ower stations, and secondary batteries.



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PHYSICS AND ELECTRICAL EN6IKKERINO. 69

Three hours per week of lecture, four hours per week of
labortitory work and six hours per week of designing.

Mr. KiNSLBY.

VIII. Electrical TniuMiuisHiou o| Power and Light, incladiiig
the designing of machinery for specific oatpnt and
economy, with tests of dynamos, motors, transformers,
electric lamps and engines. Two hours per week of lec-
tures, with eight hours of laboratory work and eight hours
of designing. Mr. Kinslkt.

IX. Mathematical theory of Electricity and Magn tism. Four
hours per week. Professor Niphkr.

X. The same continued. Three hours per week.

Professor Niphkr.



LABORATORIES AND APPARATUS.

The Electrical Engineering Laboratory, maintained in
conneotion with the chair of Physics, and of which all
students in this Department make extensive use, contains,
amongst other apparatus, a high speed Buckeye Engine
of twenty horse power ; two Gramme dynamos, the one
being a series and the other a shunt-wound machine;
smaller motors of various types ; voltmeters, ampereme-
ters and galvanometers of various types and capacities ; a
Brackett cradle-ergometer upon which one dynamo is
mounted and by which the power applied to it can be
measured; a Wheatstone bridge; a Prony brake; a
Siemens electro- dynamometer ; a mercury column fifty
feet in height, which is arranged for testing steam gauges
and indicator springs at any temperature, and a compres-
sion air-pump capable of working to twenty atmospheres.

The rooms are wired conveniently for practical meas-
urements upon the electric plant, and for the measure-



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70 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

ment of candle power of lamps. The alternating current
from the public mains of the Missouri Electric Light and
Power Company is carried to the laboratory switch-
board, and is thus available for experimental work.



THE COURSES OF STUDY IN MINING AND
METALLURGY.

The greater number of special *' Courses '* in this
department are, from their very nature, included under
the head of Chemistry, and are given in detail on
pages 39, 40, and 41, to which the reader is referred.

Certain subjects, however, strictly professional in
character and not elsewhere entered, are given below as
belonging peculiarly to

MINING ENGINEERING.

I.

Drawing: Plans and sections of Mines and Mining Machinery.
Four hours per week. Professor Uunickk.



II.

Drawing: Plans of Furnaces. Four hours per week.

Professor Hunickr.

III.

Mining: Mine Surveying Perspecting, Drifting, Timbering,
Stoping. Three hours per loeek. Professor Hunicke.



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MINING AND METALLimGY. 71

IV.

Desiguiiig: Miuiug and Metallurgical PlauU with general aud
detaU drawings. Eight hours per week.

Professor H un i c k k .

V.

Mining: Uaulage, Hoisting, Draina$;e, Ventilation. Three
hours per week. Professor Hunickr.

VI.
Ore Dressing: Three hours per week. Professor Hunickr.



VII.

Designing: Mining and Metallurgical Plants. Preparation of
a Thesis. Bight hours per week. Professor Hunickk.



Remarks upon thk Coursk in Mining and Metallurgy.

This branch of the School of Engineering was or-
ganized in September, 1871, and has been in full opera-
tion since that time. It^ object is to supply means for
acquiring a thorough knowledge of the theory and prac-
tice of operations relating to mining and metallurgy.

The studies during the first year are the same as in the
other engineering coui-ses, somewhat general in character,
preparatory to the special work of the courses in Mining
and Metallurgy, to which the remaining three years are
chiefly devoted. The course is so laid out as to give a
very comprehensive course in the theory and practice
of Mining, Ore-dressing and Metallurgy, Analytical and
Technical Chemistry and Economic Geology, in four years



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72 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

time, when the degree of '* Bachelor of Science in Mining
Engineering'' is given. In the fifth or graduate year,
the time is mainly taken up with advanced work and a
more detailed study of the professional branches, and in
the preparation of an elaborate graduating thesis, on the
successful completion of which the degree of *' Engineer
of Mines" is given.

The course enables those students who can only spend
four years at college, to satisfactorily complete a thor-
ough course in mining and metallurgy that is founded on
a broad foundation of General and Constructive Engineer-
ing, Geology and Chemistry, in four years time. By
taking the fifth year, the student is enabled to work in
the direction of his chosen field. The two general direc-
tions that he may follow are, either coal and iron, or
metal mining and metallurgy.

The plan of instruction includes lectures and recita-
tions on various subjects pertaining to the course ;
practical work in the Physical, Chemical, Assay and
Petrographic Laboratories ; field work in Geology ; pro-
jects, estimates and plans for the establishment of mines
and metallurgical works ; examination of and reports on
mining, smelting and manufacturing establishments.

THE ASSAY LABORATORIES

are completely furnished with 16 wind and 7 muffle fur-
naces, and everything necessary for practical work in the
assay of ores of lead, silver, gold, iron, tin, etc. ; and
volumetric apparatus for the assay of silver coin and
bullion by the wet methods.



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MINING AND METALLUROT. 73

VISITS TO MINES, WORKS, ETC.

Every opportanity is afforded the student through the
term for visiting and examining the various mines, smelt-
ing and manufacturing establishments in the vicinity, with
which St. Louis is exceptionally favored. No other min-
ing school in the United States enjoys such a variety and
number of mining and metallurgical plants as are to be
found in the immediate vicinity of St. Louis, and full
advantage is taken of the very valuable opportunity thus
offered of combining the study of theory with the
practice.

GEOLOGICAL EXCURSIONS

are frequently make about St. Louis, as the immediate
neighborhood is very favorable for the study of structural,
economic and historic geology.

THE COLLECTIONS

for the illustration of the lectures, and which are acces-
sible to the students, comprise a very complete series of
models and natural crystals for the study of crystal-
lography ; an extensive series of tlie common and rarer
minerals ; a large suite of ores, coals, fireclays, building-
stones and petroleums to illustrate the occurence of the
useful substances ; a very complete collection of rocks ;
a very large series of specimens to illustrate paleontology
and zoology; tools, models, safety-lamps, and other
mining appliances; samples and products illustrating
ore-dressing practice ; ^ and a very complete suite of
metallurgical products. There is also a collection of



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74 WASHINGTON UNIVKRSITY,

about 1,200 working drawings and blue-prints represent-
ing the present practice in Uining, Ore-dressing and
Metallurgy, that are used for illustration in the class-
room work.



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION IN CHEMISTRY.

A detailed statement of the '•^ Courses " has already
been given on pages 39-41.

The following remarks upon the work required for
degrees in this department will show the mtionale of the
Curriculum.

The first year is devoted to laying a solid foundation in
chemical theory, illustrated by a large amount of labora-
tory work. The student is made to depend on himself
as much as possible, and this idea is also carried out in
all the practical work.

In the second year the student takes up the qualita-
tive analysis of simple and complex substances, which is
taught in such a way as to increase the theoretical and
practical knowledge of general chemistry which is so
much needed in future work. In the second year also,
the principles of quantitative analysis are thoroughly
taught, and instruction is given in the recognition of
minerals by cr^'Stalline form and outward characteristics.

Quantitative analysis is continued through the third
year, and is devoted to methods for the analysis of indus-
trial and commercial material, sanitary examination of
foods, water etc , and to gas analysis. The study of
the carbon compounds is taken up during this year« by
lectures on syntheses and laboratory work in preparation



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COURSES IN CHEVTSTRT. 40

of organic compoands. The analysis of minerals bv
means of the Ijlow-pipe is taagtit daring the first term,
and in the second term a brief coarse in chemical philos-
ophy is given.

In the fourth 3*ear the student is prepared to put his
theoretical knowledge to use. Instruction daring this
year is largely in the form of investigation on the part of
the student, who is taught to look up methods of analysis
and preparation, and to devise methods for solving an
original problem. Reference books will be consulted in
Engtish and German, and methods will be taken from
American, English, and German periodicals. A special
subject for investigation, leading to a Thesis, will be
assigned. In addition to the research work, lectures are
given in metallurgy and chemical technology. In the
latter course, the methods and economics of commercial
processes are discussed, and opportunity is given for
visits to manufacturing establishments. In this year
there is also a short course on assaying, and an advanced
course on chemical history and theory.

In the fifth year the work consists entirely of research.
A subject in theoretical or applied chemistry is assigned
for investigation, and the student works independently,
consulting the instructor only when necessary. The
results of the investigation are embodied in a thesis, and
if of sufficient value, are published in some chemical
journal.

It may be said in general of the Department that it



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 4 of 70)