Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

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machinery.

APPLIANCES IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.

The P^lectrical Engineering Laboratory contains a high
speed Buckeye Engine of twenty horse-power; two
Gramme dynamos, the one being a series and the other
a shunt- wound machine ; smaller motors of various types ;
voltmeters, amperemeters and galvanometers of various
types and capacities ; a Brackett cradle-ergometer, upon
which one dynamo is mounted, and by which the power
applied to it can be measured ; a Wheatstone bridge ; a
Prony brake; a Siemens electro-dynamometer; a mer-
cury column fifty feet in height, which is aiTanged for
testing steam gauges and indicator springs at any temper-
ature, and a compression air pump capable of working to
twenty atmospheres.

The rooms are wired conveniently for practical meas-



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rNDERGKADUATK DEPARTMENT. 65

urements upon the electric plant, and for the measure-
ment of candle power of lamps. The alternating current
from the public mains of the Missouri- Edison Electric
Light and Power Company is carried to the laboratory
switchboard, and is thus available for experimental work.

LECTUKE FOUNDATIONS.

A Lecture Endowment Fund, amounting to $27,000,
was created in 1875, by one of the early friends of the
University, Mr. William Henry Smith. It was given
without any restrictions, except that the fund should be
increased, if practicable, by accruing interest, to $30,000,
which has been accomplished, and that no part of the
principal should be expended.

The beginning of a fund for the encouragement of
the study of American History has been made by a
gift of $15,000 by Mrs. Mary Hemenway of Boston,
Massachusetts.

Upon this foundation a University Professorship of
American Ilvitortj has been established, and the chair
was filled in 1884 by the appointment of Dr. John
Fiske,of Cambridge, Mass.

LIBRARY AND READING ROOM.

Necessary books of reference are provided, and also
a good selection of periodical literature. No attempt is
made at present to gather a general library. During the
year 1880 a gift of about three thousand volumes was
received from the family of the late Joseph Coolidge, of
Boston. The collection, known as the Coolidge Library,
is especially rich in excellent editions of Italian and

6



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(J(> WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

French authors, and is a very material addition to the
usefulness of the library.

Through the liberality of a number of citizens of St.
Louis an arrangement has been made by which the
privilege of using the Mercantile Library has been ex-
tended, under prescribed conditions, to such members of
the University as may be designated by the Chancellor.

GYMNASIUM.

A gymnasium for the use of the Undergraduate De-
partment is supplied with all necessary apparatus. While
encouraging systematic and wholesome exercise, the Uni-
versity does not wish to foster undue interest in the feats
of athletes, and discourages exercises which involve per-
sonal risk to the performers. All class exercises are con-
ducted by a professional instructor.

SCHOLARSHIPS.

One perpetual scholarship, founded by the payment of
$5,000 and entitling the holder to all the advantages of
all the departments of the University forever, has been
placed at the disposal of the Mercantile Library Associa-
tion, with the recommendation *' that when the applicants
for scholarship are of equal merit, the preference shall be
given to one for some mechanical pursuit.'*

One scholarship is also held by the St. Louis High
School, which entitles the ranking student of the gradu-
ating class of each year to free admission to the Under-
graduate Department, in accordance with a resolution of
the Board of Directors when the College was organized*

One scholarship is also held by the School Board of



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UNDKRaBADUATE DEPAETMENT. 67

Kansas City for the benefit of the graduates of the Kan-
sas City High School. This scholarship entitles the
holder (who is to be selected by the School Board) to
free tuition in the College or the School of Engineering.
Reports of the standing of the student will be made to
said Board annually by the Dean.

A trust fund of 830,000 has been accepted by the
University from the Western Sanitary Commission, for
the establishment of twenty free scholarships in the
Undergraduate Department, to be filled by children or
descendants of Union soldiers who served in the late
civil war. In default of such applicants, candidates will
be appointed by the Chancelloi of the University with
the advice of the Faculty. Preference is given to those
in straitened circumstances, and no student w accepted or
continued who is not of good moral character^ loho does
not sustain satisfactory examinations^ or who fails to com-
ply with the rules of the University.

From the same source a Sustentation Fund of $10,-

000 has been accepted, the income of which is expended

in aid of students in straitened circumstances, giving

preference always to the descendants of Union soldiers,

as above.

EXAMINATIONS.

The examinations in the Undergraduate Department
are frequent and rigid. No promotions to higher classes
are made except upon conclusive evidence that the ante-
cedent subjects have been well mastered. Reports of the
standing of individual students will be made by the
Deans to parents or guardians, if such are requested.



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68 WASHISGTOK irNIVKRSITY.



i)E(;rees in the undergraduate
department.

I. IN THE COLLEGE,

The degree of Bachelor of Arts is conferred upon
the satisfactory completion of the requisite number of
courses.

n. IN THE SCHOOL OK ENGINEEHING.

1. On the satisfaetory completion of four years' work
the degree of Bmhclor of Srienve is conferred.

2. The professional degrees of Cicil EiKjineer, Mtchan-
icul Euifineer and Electrical Eutjineer are conferred only
after three or more years of actual and successful engi-
neering practice, one year of which must have been spent
in responsible charge of engineering work, and the pre-
sentation of an acceptable thesis ; both the thesis and the
experience to be such as to show an ability to design and
exe^*ute ensjineerine: work.

The Bachelor degrees are in tluree grades indicat-ed by
the words cum hmde, ma(jna cum huide and SHmma cum
laude^ respectively.

fcvery member of the graduating class who has at-
tained nhictif ]ter cent of the maximum mark on the
general scale for the four years may be recommended for
a degree sKnuua cam laitde.

Every member of the graduating class (not recom-
mended for the degree of Hummn cum laude.) who has



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INDKBGRADIATK DKPAUTMKNT. 69

attained eighty-Jive per ceiit of the raaxiinum mark on the
general scale for the four years may be recommended for
a degree magna cum lande.

Every member of the graduating class (not recom-
mended for a degree of siunma or magna cum Jaude) who
has attained eighty per cent on the general scale for the
four years may be recommended for a degree cum Jaude,

No student trill he recommended for a degree who has
not passed all his examinations mLCcessfully and handed in
such projects or theses as may he required.

The diploma fee is three dollars, payable in advance.

ADVANCED DEGREES.

The degree of Master of ArU^ which is granted after
not less than one year of residence and study, is open to
all who have received from this University the degree of
Bachelor of Arts.

The degree of Master of Science, which is granted after
not less than one year of residence and study, is open to
all who have received from this University the degree of
Bachelor of Science, of Civil Engineer, of Mechanical
Engineer, of Electrical Engineer, of Engineer of Mines,
or of Chemist.

The degree of Doctor of Philoso2)hy, which is granted
after not less than two years of residence and study (the
two years of residence and study may include the year of
preparation for the Master's degree), is open to all who
have received the degree of Master from this University.

The degrees of Master of Arts, Master of Science, and
Doctor of Philosophy are open to graduates of other



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70 WASHINGTON UNIVEKSITT.

institutions who shall have satisfied the Committee on
Advanced Degrees of their fitness.

Applications for candidacy for the degree of Master of
Arts, Master of Science, or Doctor of Philosophy are
referred to a committee of five members of the Faculty of
the Undergraduate Department, annually appointed,
known as the Committee on Advanced Degrees.

The Committee decides upon the admission of the can-
didate ; determines the course of study which the candi-
date is to pursue ; determines by examination, thesis, or
both, whether a candidate is suitably prepared for the
degree ; and recommends the granting of the d^ree to
the Faculty of the Undergraduate Department.

KKQUIREMENTS FOR THE MASTER'S DEGREE.

a. At least one year of residence and study.

b. Every candidate must pass such written examina-
tions as the Committee on Advanced Degrees may see fit
to prescribe.

c. In addition to the work specified in each case, every
candidate shall present a satisfactory thesis, which must
be submitted not later than May 1 of the year in which
the degree is to be conferred.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DOCTOR'S DEGREE.

a. Two years of residence and study.

b. Every candidate must satisfy the Committee on
Advanced Degrees that he has a reading knowledge of
French and German.



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UNDERGRADUATE DEPARTMENT. 71

c. Every candidate shall present an acceptable thesis,
which shall be the result of original investigation. This
thesis must be presented not later than April 1 of the
year in which the degree is to be conferred ; and every
candidate must furnish the Committee on Advanced
Degrees with 200 printed copies of his thesis, after its
acceptance, before he can be recommended for the degree.

FEES.

Every candidate for the Master's degree is required to
pay fifty dollars, and every candidate for the Doctor's
degree one hundred dollars ; one half to be paid as a con-
dition of admission to candidacy, and the remainder
before the conferring of the degree.

The diploma fee is five dollars, payable in advance.

COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED DEGREES FOK 1899-1900.

The following members of the Faculty constitute the
Committee for 1899-1900 ; Professors Snow (chairman) ,
Nipher (secretary), Engler, Heller, and Keiser.

TUITION.

Tuition in the Undergraduate Department for students
in full standing is $150 a year, payable semi-annually,
in advance if required, and always before the middle of
the term.

A matriculation fee of five dollars, payable in advanc^e,
is required of all candidates for degrees.

Tuition for special students is $15.00 for each course.



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WA?iHIS<;ToX rXIVKKMTY,



BOARD AND LODGING.



Students living at a distance from the University have
no difficalty in securing rooms and board at reasonable
rates. The vearlv expenses may range between the fol-
lowing estimates, according to taste and habits of
economy : —

Tuition $150 00 — $loO 00

Board, lod^iug. and washing. 9 months . . 2(K) 00 to 300 00

Books and instruments 10 00 *' 20 00

Incidentals 15 00 '' 30 00

Total for one year $375 00 to $500 <X)

Books and instruments may be obtained at cost from
the Co-operative Asaoriatiott , organized and managed by
the students of this Department.



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HENRY SHAW SCHOOL OF BOTANY.

(a DKPAKTMKNT of WASHINGTON UNIVKUHITY.)



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HENRY SHAW SCHOOL OF BOTANY.

KHTABLISHKD JUNB 8, 1885.



ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

THE CHANCELLOR OF THE UNIVERSITY, ex officio.

WILLIAM G. FARLOW, M. D.

GEO. J. ENGELMANN, M. D.

GEORGE E. LEIGHTON.

WILLIAM L. HUSE.

INSTRUCTORS.
WILLIAM TRELEASE.

DIRECTOR AND
KNGKLMANN PROFESSOR OK BOTANY.

HERMANN VON SCHRENK,

INSTRUCTOR IN CRYPTOGAMIC BOTANY.

HERBERT F. ROBERTS,

GKNKRAL INSTRUCTOR.

ELLEN C. CLARK,

ASSISTANT AT THE MARY INSTITUTE.



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SCHOOL OF BOTANY. 75



GENERAL INFORMATION.

In June, 1885, Mr. Henry Shaw, of St. Louis, author-
ized the Chancellor of the University to place before the
Board of Directors a plan of a<5tion for the establishment
of a School of Botany, as follows : —

That he proposed, with the concurrence of the Direct-
ors, to endow a School of Botaxy as a department of
Washington University, by donation of improved real
estate, yielding over 85,000 revenue, and to place it in
such relation with the largely endowed Missouri Botanical
Garden and Arboretum, as would practically secure their
best uses, for scientific study and investigation, to the
professor and students of the said School of Botany, in
all time to come.

At the meeting of the Board of Directors held June 8,
1885, the following resolutions were, therefore, offered,
in grateful acceptance of Mr. Shaw's proposal : —

1. That a School of Botany be established as a special depart-
ment of Washington University^ to be known as the Henry
Shaw School of Botany.

2. That a professorship of Botany be therein established^ to
be known as the Eugelmann Professorship.

3. That Professor Wm. Trelease, of the University of Wis-
consin^ be invited to fill the same ; his duties to begin at the
commencement of the nest academic year, September 17.

4. That said School of Botany be placed under the special
care and direction of an advisory committee, to consist of five
members, of whom two shall be members of this Board, and
two shall be selected outside of the Board — the Chancellor of
the University being a member ex officio.



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7B WASHINGTON TNIVEBSITY.

This report was accepted and the resohitions uDani-
mously adopted. The record of such action was then
submitted to Mr. Shaw and approved by him.

On this foundation, the School of Botany was opened
in the autumn of 1885. In his will admitted to probate
in 188i^ Mr. Shaw further provided for the maintenance
of the income of the School up to a certain limit, and
took steps calculated to secure the proposed close co-
operation between the School of Botany and the Botanical
Garden .

The laboratory of the School of Botany is temporarily
located at 1724 Washington avenue, and a small library,
containing the usual laboratory manuals and class books,
which is kept at the laboratory for reference, is added to
as new books, needed for class material, appear. In
addition to alcoholic and imbedded material, a small
herbarium is being formed, which is intended to contain
representatives of the local flora. Advanced students,
some of whose work is done at the (rarden, also have the
privilege of consulting, under necessary restrictions, the
excellent herbarium and library maintained there, and
now comprising about J3 5 0,000 sheets of specimens, some-
thing over 30,000 books and pamphlets, and a large collec-
tion of wood veneers and sections ; and no effort is spared
to make the Garden equipment as complete as possible
in any line of work taken up by competent investigators.

The instrumental equipment of the laboratory includes
one microscope by Zeiss, with the necessary objectives,
ranging from A. A. to 1-18 in. oil immersion, anda<$ces-
sories for spectroscopic studies and work with polarized



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SCHOOL OF BOTANY. 77

light ; twenty microscopes by Leitz, with the objectives
needed for the best work (including live 1-12 in. oil
immersion lenses, one 1-lH in. oil immersion, and one
1-20 in. oil immersion), polariscope, camera lucidas of
several patterns, etc. ; sixteen dissecting microscopes by
Bausch and Lomb ; two dissecting microscopes by Leitz,
one of them provided with camera lucida ; a projecting
apparatus for delineating objects under a low power of
enlargement ; a simple outfit comprising all that is neces-
sary for ordinary bacteriological investigation ; and the
apparatus needed for histological work and elementary
physiological experimentation. Students are provided by
the laboratory with all necessary instruments and sup-
plies (excepting razors or other cutting instruments)
without charge except for breakage or other injury and
for slides and cover glasses used for permanent prepara-
tions ; but when alcohol or other expensive substances
are used in quantity, as in work on bacteria, a sj)ecial
charge may be made for material used.

The working year of the School of Botany is of the
same extent as that of the Undergraduate Department of
the University, and is similarly divided, except for a few
special teachers' classes corresponding to the usual school
terms.

The work offered students is of two classes : Under-
graduate studies, including at present fifteen stated elec-
tives, — the equivalent of nearly three full years* work, —
and post-graduate or special courses for advanced stu-
dents, planned in each case to meet the needs of the stu-
dent. For the convenience of students nearly all elementary



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78 WASHINGTON UNIVKK8ITY.

instruction is given at thft laboratory, near the other Uni-
versity buildings, where the principal instrumental equip-
ment is kept, but the study of living plants, and advanced
herbarium and library work, are provided for at the Gar-
den. All courses capable of being so taught are given in
the laboratory, and supplemented by lectures and quizzes
by the teacher. The few lecture courses offered are
illustrated wherever possible by specimens exhibiting the
subject under consideration, and by wall charts and the
stereopticon.

A list of the undergraduate electives is given above
(p. 32), in the general information concerning the Under-
graduate Department. Under the advice of the Dean of
the College, and the professor of botany, students who
wish to make a specialty of botany through their course
may arrange to take all of these electives and to follow
them by a piece of investigation on which a thesis is to be
based ; and regularly enrolled special students who are
not candidates for a degree may give the greater part of
their time to botanical study, subject to such regulation
as is prescribed by the Faculty.

Special classes for the benefit of teachers, and other
persons not in attendance at the University, are formed
from time to time, and such persons may be admitted to
any of the regular electives on the payment of a tuition
fee conformed to the general rates of the University,
namely, $16.00 for each full course (of three exercises
per week during a term), and $7.60 for each half course
(of less than three exercises per week for the same length
of time).



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SCHOOL OF BOTANY. 79

Graduate students who are eligible under the rules of
the Faculty to candidacy for higher degees (p. 69), if
suitably prepared, may elect research work in botany as
their principal study for such degrees.

Applications for the formation of special classes, and
all correspondence concerning the School of Botany,
should be addressed to

William Trelease,

Shaw School of Botany^

St. Louis, Mo.



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ST. LOUIS SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS.

(art DKPARTMKNT of WASIIINOTON rNIVKUHITY.)

19th and Locust Streets.

All communicatioiiH in res^ard to the Scliool should be
addressed

St. Loris School of Fine Art8.



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CALENDAR.

1899-1900.

First Term, Day School, begins Monday, September 25th,

1899.
FiRHT Tkrm, Day School, ends Saturday, December 161h, 1899,
First Trrm, Night School, begins Monday, Novemljer 6th,

""1899.
First Tkrm, Night School, ends Saturday, February 3d, 1900.
Skconi) Tkrm, Day School, begins Monday, December 18th,

1H99.
Skcond Tkrm, Day School, ends Saturday, March 17th, 190<).
Second Tkrm, Night Scjiiool, l)egln8 Monday, February 5tli,

1900.
Skcond Tkrm, Night School, ends Saturday, April 28tli, 19CK).
Third Tkrm, Day School, begins Monday, March 19th, 1900.
Thiri> Tkrm, Day School, ends Saturday, June 9th, 1900.
Exhibition ok Studknts' Work, June 12th-14th, 1900.

190(^1901.

First Tkrm, Day ScUool, begins Monday, September 24th,

1900.
First Tkrm, Day School, ends Saturday, December 15th, 1900.
First Tkrm, Night School, begins Monday, November 6th,

1900.
First Term, Night School, ends Saturday, February 2d, 1901.
Skcond Term, Day School, begins Monday, December 17th,

1900.
Second Term, Day School, ends Saturday, March 10th, 1901.
Second Term, Night School, begins Monday, February 4th,

1901.
Second Term, Night School, ends Saturday, April 27th, 1901.
Third Term, Day School, l)eglns Monday, March 18th, 1901.
Third Term, Day School, ends Saturday, June 8th, 1901.
Exhibition of Stidents' Work, June 11-13, 1901.



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ST. LOUIS SC HOOL OF FINE ARTS.

KKOIUIANIZKI) MAY 22, 1H7J>.



The establiflhment of the Art School upon a broad and
permaDent foundation has always been part of the plan
of Washington University. For nearly twenty-five years
Art instruction has been embodied in the course of study.
In 1875, special students were admitted to the Drawing
Department, and class and public lectures were given on
Art History. The same year an evening school was
opened.

On May 22, 1879, the Directors of the University
adopted an ordinance establishing a Department of Art
in Washington University, from which the following
extracts are taken : —

*' A Department of Art is hereby established as a
special Department of Washington University, to be
known as Thk St. Lons School ok Fink Auts.

" The objects of said Department shall be : Instruction
in Fine Arts ; the collection and exhibition of pictures,
statuary, and other works of art, and of whatever else
may be of artistic interest and appropriate for a Public
Gallery or Art Museum; and, in general, the promotion
by all proper means of ji^sthetic or artistic education.'*



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84 WA8HINaTON UNIVERSITY.



BOARD OF CONTROL.

ELLIS WAIN WRIGHT, Prksidknt.

WINFFELI) S. CHAPLIN, Chanckllor, ^r oj»riV*.

HARRISON I. DRUMMONI).

ALFRED L. SHAPLEIGH.

CHARLES PARSONS.

CHARLES NAGEL.

GEOR(}E I). BARNARD.

DAVID C. BALL.

EDWARD R. HOYT.

HALSEY C. IVES, Dirkctor, er officio.

INSTRUCTORS AND LECTURERS.
HALSEY C. IVES, Dirkctor.

Lecturer on the l/Morical Development of Art.
l*iipil of Alexander Piatowski.

ROBERT P. BRINGHURST,

Mwleling and Sculpture.

Atelier Duroont, I'Kcole des Beaux Arts.

EDWARD M. CAMPBELL.

Drain ng and Painting from Still Life.

Pupil of Boulanger and Lefebvre.

ALICE M. MORE, Skcrktary,

Lecturer an the Higtory of Painting, Jienaitttanc^. and Modem SchooU.

Pupil of the St. Louis School of Fine Arts.

CHARLES WARD RHODES,

Perspective, Shades and Shadows.

KkI. Arademie, Munich and K. K. Kunstgewerbe Schule, Berlin.

EDMUND H. WUERPEL.

Draining a fid Painting from Life, and Composition.

Pupil of Bouguereau, Ferrier, Aman-Jean, and I'Kcole des Beaux Arts,



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SCHOOL OF FINB ARTS. 86

CHARLES P. DAVIS,

AfUique.
Pupil of N. Y. Art Students League, Bongucreau, Ferrier, and Henry.

JUSTINA V. A. PHILLIPS, Libuakian,

Antique and Saturday Classfjf.

Pupil of St. Louis School of Fine Arts.

ALICE M. G. PATTISON,

Lecturer on Engraving, Etching, and Allied Artg.

Pupil of Ross Turner, William M. (Jhase, and S. R. Koehler.

LAURENCE EWALD,

Mechanical and Architectural Drairiny.
Pupil of Columbia University, N. Y., and Man-el de Montelos, Paris.

CHARLES A. WINTER,

Drairing and Painting from Life, and Composition.

Pupil of Bouguereau and Ferrier.

HENRIETTA ORD JONES,

Ceramic Painting.

Pupil of Franz Bischoff and Otto Punsch.

FREDERICK L. STODDARD,
Design and Water Color.
Pupil of Bouguereau, Ferrier, Laurens, and (Constant.

In addition to the regular staff of instructors, pupil teachers are added
from time to time from the advanced students working in the school.



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86 WASHINGTON TNIVERSITY.



GENERAL INFORMATION.

Th^re are three terms in the year.

Stuclp/itH irill be admitted at any time, but not for less
than one term, excejft by special arrangement with the
Director,

The school furnishes instruction in Drawing, Modeling,
Painting, Artistic Anatomy, Perspective, Composition,
Design and Api)lied Art, Architectural and Mechanical
Drawing.

The rooms are open for the study of drawing, painting
and modeling, every day during each term from 9 a. m.
to 4 p. m. and for the study of drawing from the Antique
and Life, mechanical drawing and modeling three
evenings in the week, from November to May.



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 45 of 70)