Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

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and Gothic Art: Architecture, Sculpture, and Decoration.

MATHEMATICS.
Three times a week.

1. Higher Algebra. Professor Engler.

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Professor Engler.

3. Analytic Geometry. Professor Engler.

4. Differential Calculus. Professor Engler.

5. Integral Calculus. Professor Woodward.

6. Higher Plane Cur\es. Professor Engler.

7. Theory of Functions. Professor Engler.

APPLIED MECHANICS.
Professor Woodward. Three times a week.

1. Graphical Statics, Stress Diagrams for Frames, Trusses, and

Bridges analyzed and drawn to scale.

2. General Principles of Statics and Dynamics with Illustrative

exam])ies.



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38 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

3. Rotation of Kf^d Bodies. Cliaracter and distribution of

Stress. Strength and Stiffness of Girders and Sliafts.

4. Kinematics, Meclianisn^, inclading the general theory of

transmission of energy by Gearing, Liquids, Belts, etc.,
witii and without friction.
6. Deflection of Beams and Girders and the Torsion of Shafts.

PHYSICS.

1. Elementary Mechanics, includiug the Mechanics of Fluids.

Tiro lectures or recitations and two hours of laboratory
work a week. Professor Xipher and *Mr. Langsdorf.

2. Heat. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of laboratory

work a week. Professor Nipher and Mr. Langsdorf.

3. Optics. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of labora-

tory work a week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Langsdorf.

4. Electricity and Magnetism. Two lectures or recitations and

two hours of laboratory work a week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Langsdorf.

5. Laijoratory instruction in Electrical Measurements, includ-

ing measurement of resistances, E. M. F. of batteries,
the calii)ratiou of amperemeters and voltmeters, electro-
lytic measurements, magnetic determinations, heating
effect of currents, electrical determinations of Joule*s
equivalent. Six hours a ireek. Professor Nipher.

6. Introduction to the mathematical theory of Electricity and

Magnetism, including the tlicory of Potential; capacity of
bodies; energy of electrical systems; electrometers and
electrostatic voltmeters, theory of magnetic measure-
ments, magnetic tii'lds due to electric currents, electrical
induction, theory of dynamos and electric motors, alter-
nating r.urrents, tri-phased systems. Three hours a week.

Professor Nipher.

* DiiriiiK Uif curn-nt > ear Mr. Macomber will Uke the place of Mr.
lAxngmUiri.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 39

7. Dynamo-electric Machinery, including a discussion of the

theory of series, shunt and compound dynamos and
motors, conditions of efficiency of dynamos and motors,
conditions of economic operations, transformers and
transformer systems, electric lighting stations, electric
railways, power .stations, and secondary batteries. Three
lectures a week. Professor Nipher.

8. Laboratory work in testing electrical machinery. Three honrs

a week. Mr. Langsdorf.

9. Designing of electrical machinery. Six hours a week.

Mr. Langsdorf.

10. Electrical Transmission of Power and Light, and the study

of the designing of machinery for specittc output and
economy. Three hours a week of lectures and two hours of
laboratory work. Mr. Langsdorf.

11-12. Designing of Electrical Machinery. Six hours a week.

Mr. Langsdorf.

13-14. Laboratory Work. Six hours a week. Mr, Langsdorf.

CHEMISTRY.

1-2. General Descriptive Chemistry. Lectures and laboratory
work upon the preparation and properties of tlie more
important elements and compounds. General laws and
principles of chemistry. 7\co lectures and two hours of
laboratory work a week.

Professor Keiser and Dr. Alleman.

3. Qualitative Analysis. Systematic methods of separating and

detecting the bases and acids. Laboratory work. Six
hours a week. Dr. Alleman.

4. Quantitative Analysis. Methods of gravimetric and vol-

umetric analysis. Laboratory work. Six hours a week.

Dr. Alleman.
5-6. Organic Chemistry. Lectures upon the chemistry of the
carbon compounds. Preparation, properties and trans-
formations of typical compounds. Methods of determin-
ing chemical constitution; relationships between classes



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40 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

of compounds. Greneral laws and theories. Three Aotrr*

a week. Professor Reiser.

7-8. Laboratory Work in Organic Chemistry. Preparation

and study of the transformations of typical compounds.

Six or txcelve hours a week. Professor Keiser.

9-10. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Laboratory Woric.

Analysis of commercial and industrial materials and

products. Sanitary examinations of foods, water^ elc.

Gas analysis. Six or twelve hours a week.

Professor Keiser.

11. Laboratory work in Physical Methods. Determination of

molecular weights by the freezing point and boiling
point methods. Three hours a week. Dr. Alifman.

12. Chemical Seminary. Advanced workers and Instructors

meet to report upon and discuss articles in current
chemical journals. Three hours a week.

Pj'ofessor Keiser and Dr. AUeman.

13. Mineralogy. Crystallography and the determination of

minerals by means of the blowpipe. Three hour's a week.

Dr. AUeman.

14. Descriptive mineralogy. Lectures and laboratory work.

Three hours a week. Dr. AUeman.

15. Assaying. Fire assays of gold, silver and lead ores and

smelting products. Laboratory w^ork. Six hours a week.

Dr. AUeman.
lG-17. Research work in Theoretical or Applle<J Chemistry.
Investigation of some subject in pure or applied chem-
istry. Laboratory work and reading of original papers
and memoirs. Preparation of a thesis.

Professor Keiser.

BOTANY.

Professor Treicasf and two Assistants. Three times a week.

1. Elementary Morpho.o^y and Organography, with reference
to Ecology and SyslemaMc Botany. Lectures and demon-
strations.



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COUKSES OF IN8TBUCTION. 41

2. Elementary Anatomy and Phanerogamic Bptany. Labora-

tory work.

3. Synoptical Study of the Cryptogams. Laboratory worlc.

4. A special study of some group of Cryptogams.

6. Methods of Vegetable Histology. Laboratory work.

6. Histology and Morphology of the Higher Plants. Labora-

tory work.

7. A laboratory study of the minute anatomy of the lower

Cryptogams.

8. Technical Microscopy of Timbers. Lai>oratory work. Ttoo

hours a week.

9. Economic Botany. Lectures and laboratory demonstrations.
10-11. Applied Mycology. Laboratory work.

12-13. Garden Botany. Laboratory study of cultivated plants^

at the Botanical Garden.
14-15. Vegetable Physiology. Laboratory work.
16-17. Bacteriological Technique. Laboratory work.
18. Physiographic Ecology. Lectures and Field work.

It is intended that course 1 shall always be followed by course
2, the two being preparatory to other electives. For the
present; unless special reason to the contrary exists, courses 1
and 2 only will be given each year, the remaining electives
being offered the alternate years, as follows : —

For 1900-1901.

First term, courses 1, 14 and 16.

Second term, courses 2, 15 and 17.
For 1901-1902.

First term, courses 1, 5, 8, 10 and 16

Second term, courses 2, 6, 7 and 11.

Students who have taken courses 1 and 2, or have had their
equivalent elsewhere, are admitted to any of the other element-
ary electives which can be taken without conflict with other
university work; but students who desire to equip themselves as
botanists are advised to take the electives as nearly as possible
in the order in which they are offered, and on the completion of



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42 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

the elective courses should expect to devote not less than ten
hours a week through an entire year to some piece of research
work, selected under the advice^f the Professor of Botany.

Special graduate study or investigation is planned to meet
the needs of students, so far as the facilities of the School of
Botany and the Botanical Garden permit.

ASTRONOMY,
ilfr. Boever.

1. Descriptive Astronomy. Lectures and recitations, with

occasional work at the Observatory. Three tinier a week,

2. Practical Astronomy. Applications of Astronomy in deter-

mination of time. Latitude, Longitude and AzimuUi.
Three times a week.

Spherical Trigonometry loill be required for entrance to
either oj these courses,

ZOOLOGY.
Adjunct- Professor Ilambach, Three times a week.
1-2. Lectures and laboratory demonstrations.

GEOLOGY.

Adjunct- Professor Hamhnch. Three times a week.

1. General Course.

2-3. Elementary and Systematic Geology.

4-5. Palaeontology.

6. Petrography.

DRAWING.

Mr. Smith.

1. Freehand Drawing in outline of groups of oVijects, both from
the objects themselves and from memory. The accurate



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C0UU8KS OF INSTRUCTION. 43

observation of form and its correct expression. Tlie
study of proportions and the laws of perspective involved
in freehand drawing from objects.
Freehand Drawing and Shading from objects witli pencil and
pen and ink. The study of liglit and shade as a means of
expressing form on a flat surface. Six hours a week.

2. l*ractical Freehand Lettering for use on plates and working

drawings.
Geometrical Drawing. Those problems in construction that
are needed in the study of descriptive geometry, machine
design, etc. ^S'lx hows a week.

3. Machine Drawing. The making of working drawings from

actual measurement of machines and parts of machines.

The making of tracings and blue prints.
Isometric Drawing fromactual measurement or from sketches.

In this work the drawings are line shaded.
The essentials of Linear Perspective, with problems. Six

hours a week.

DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETKY.
Professor Engler. Three times a week.

\. General problems of points, lines and planes; single-curved,

double-curved and wyarped surfaces.
2. Tangency, intersections, shades and shadows, linear per

spective.

♦SHOP-WORK.

1. Carpentry. Three hours a week. Mr. Swafford.

2. Patteni-Maklog and Moulding. Three hours a week.

Mr. True.

3. Forging. Six hours a week. Mr. Jones.

4. Machine Shop Work. Six hours a week. Mr. Bast.

* The instruction in tliis subjoot is jfiven in the sliops and by tlie
instructors of the Manual Training School.



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44 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

CIVIL ENGINEERING.

Professor Van Ornum.

1. Elements of Surveying. The use and adjustment of all the

ordinary surveying instruments; simple land surveying
and leveling. Tico recitations a week with field practice
fSaturday forenoon.

2. Topographical Mining and Hydrographic Surveying. Topo-

graphical surveying by the transit and stadia method and
also by the plane table; problems in linear surveys,
In laying out simple and compound curves and turnouts,
the passing of obstructions, adjustment of curves, etc., in
railroad surveying. Two recitations a week toith field
practice Saturday forenoon.
3-4. Surveying in the Field. Three weeks devoted continuously
to field practice. This practice includes the topographical
survey of a considerable tract of ground with an irregu-
lar surface, for the purpose of mapping it with five-foot
contours, this survey being based on a system of tri-
angulatiou and levels which forms a part of the work
of tlie survey. A hydrographic survey, with locations
by one of the most approved methods, is made, and a
railroad line is also located from a contour map which is
made in the field, and the earth-work upon it computed.
Determinations are also made by the students for latitude,
time and azimuth, and various other special problems are
worked out practically. For this work the class goes to
a suitable point at a distance from the city the Monday
before the beginning of the year. A map of this survey
is drawn after return from the field.

5. Higher Surveying. City, railroad and geodetic surveying,

with the principles of the construction of maps and the
principles governing the economic locations of railways. '
Three recitations a xceek.

6. Drawing. To accompany Courses 3 and 5. Six hours a week.



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COURSES OF IN8TBU0TI0N. 45

7. Stereotomy. Application of Descriptive Geometry to stone

cutting^ including groined^ cloistered and skew arches.
Three hours a week. Professor Engler,

8 . The analysis of Stresses in Framed Structures. Analytical

and graphical determinations of stresses in various styles
of roof trusses, and of highway and railway bridges for
distributed and concentrated, fixed and moving loads.
Three hours a toeek,

9. Structural Drawing. To accompany Course 8. Six hours a

toeek,

10. The Designing of Framed Structures. The analysis of sus-

pension, draw and arch bridges, and an anal.ytlcal study
of the principles involved in the designing of the general
and detail portions of the more common styles of bridges
and roofs. Three hours a tceek.

11. Structural Design. To accompany Course 10, and involving

complete details. /S7x hours a week.

12. Engineering Materials. A review of the principles of

mechanics relating especially to the strength of materials,
both inside and beyond their elastic limits, together with
the description of methods of testing the strength of
materials and a discussion of the essential properties of
the more common materials of engineering construction.
Three hours a week.

13. Testing Laboratory Practice. Experimental tests made by

the student on the strength of various kinds of engineer-
ing materials. Six hours a tceek.

14. Testing Laboratory Practice. Experimental tests made by

the student on the strength of various kinds of engineer-
ing materials. For students in mechanical and electrical
engineering. Tfiree hours a week.

15. Masonry Structures, Tunneling and Explosives. Building

foundations, retaining walls, dams, arches, chimneys,
bridge piers, etc., together with the study of the materials
involved. Methods of tunneling through different mate-
rials. The nature and use of explosives. Three hotirs a week.



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46 WASHINGTON rNIVERSITY.

16. Sanitary fingineeriug and IrrigatioDi The collection, stor-

age, pamping, settling, filtering, and distribution of
potable waters, as modified by various conditions of sup-
ply and service. The practical designing of systems of
sewerage and drainage. Methods of sewage-disposal.
Modern irrigation methods, including the elements of a
complete irrigation plan. Three, hours a week.

17. Engineering Design. Supplementary to courses 10, 12, 15

and 16. . Six hours a week.

18. Specifications and Projects.

(a.) The law of contracts as applied to engineering work,
together with typical forms of specifications.
One hour a week.

(6.) Consideration in detail of a designated engineering
project by the student, with his completed plan
adequately descril>ed and its scientific and economic
advantages presented. Two hours a week.

19. Graduation Thesis. An extended study or design, involving

original investigation or experiment.



MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.
Professor Kinenltj.

Kinematics of Machinery. The principles of mechanism,
rolling curves, cams, teeth of wheels, llntc work and
trains of mechanism. Three hours a week.

Machine Designing. Study of the principles. Three hours a
iceek.

Machine Designing and Mill Engineering. Shafting, gear-
ing, i)elts and ropes, mill and factory construction. Three
hours a week.

Elementary Steam Engineering. Elements of thermodynam-
ics and the theoiy of the steam engine ; types of engines ;
valves and valve diagrams; indicator cards; boilers and
chimneys. Three hours a week.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 4/

6. Machiuery Drawing. Work in tlie drawing-room to accom-
pany Course 1 . Six hours a iveek.

6. Maclilnery Drawing. Details of the steam engine; link

motions and valve diagrams. Six hours a week.

7. Mechanical Laboratory. Standardization of instruments; oil

testing. Three hours a week,

8. Mechanical Laboratory. Lining up and adjusting the steam

engine; use of the indicator; valve setting; tests of the
engine. Three hours a week.

9. Advanced Steam Engineering. Thermodynamics ; application

of thermodynamics to steam and other heat engines.
Three hours a week.

10. Steam Engine Designing. Three hours a week.

11. Boiler and Chimney Designing. Three hours a week.

12. Heating and Ventilation. Three hours a xoeek.

13. Specifications and Projects.

(a.) The law of contracts as applied to engineering work,
together with typical fonns of specifications.
Taken with the students in Civil Engineering,
18 (a). One hour a week.

(6.) The study of some project in mechanical engi-
neering. Each student will be required to solve
the problem in his own way ; to prepare plans and
specifications in accordance with his solution; and
to present an argument in support of his method of
solution. Two hours a week.

14. Engine Designing. Work in the diawing-room to accom-

pany Course 10. Six hours a week.

15. Engine Designing. Work in the drawing-room to accom-

pany Course 10, for students in Electrical Engineering.
Three hours a week.

16. Boiler Designing. Work in the drawing-room to accom-

pany Course 11. Nine hours a week.

17. Mechanical Laboratory. Tests of the steam and gas engines.

Three hours a xoeek.



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48 WASHINGTON CSlVERSITr.

18. Mechanical laboratory. Boiler tests; visits to manof actor-

ing establishments. Three hours a week.

19. • Hydraulics. Three hours a ^reek.

Id addition to the above the following courses given in the
Medical Department of the University are open to students in
the College, and will be credited towards a medical degree for
those students who enter the Medical College later.

ANATOMY.

a** Osteology and Syndesmology : Lectures and Laboratory
Work. Three hfturs a tceek. Professor Terrn-

h. Splanchnology and Neurology: Anatomy of the Thoracic and
Abdominal Viscera, and Brain and Spinal Cord. I^ectures
and Demonstrations. Thre^ hours a week.

Professor Terrjf.

c. Myology, Angiology, and Neurology: Anatomy of the Mus-

cular System, of the Circulatory System, and of ibe
Distribution of Peripheric Nerves. Lectures and Dem-
onstrations. Three hours a week. Dr. Blair.

d, e. Practical Anatomy : Dissection of Typical Vertebrates and

Human Dissection. Three afternoons a week.-

Professor Terry and Dr. Blair.
/, g. Special Dissections: Worlt arranged by the teachers in
regard to the wants and predilections of the individual
student. These courses can he taken only after d and <■
have been certified. Three afternoons in the first tenn and
two afternoons in the second term.

Professor Terry and Dr. Blair.

* For the present year Theoretical Hydraulics will be taught by l*n>-
fesBor Woodward.

♦•The letters a, 6, etc.. refer to the aunoancement of courses a*
Kiven in the catalogue of the Medical Department, to which studenU
are referred for additional details.



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COrRSKS OF INSTRrCTION. 49



HISTOLOGY.

a, h. Laboratory Work witli Explanatory Lectures. Six hours
a week. Professor Budgett.

PHYSIOLOGY.

a. First Half of Physiology. liectures and Demonstrations.

Three hours a week. Professor Budgett.

b. Second Half of Physiology. Lectures and Demonstrations.

Three hours a week. Professor Budgett,

c. Laboratory Worlt in Physiological Chemistry. Four hours a

week. Professor Budgett.

PATHOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY.

. Lectures on Bacteriology. One hour a week.

Professor Bavold.
g. Laboratory Course in Bacteriology. Four hours a week.

Professor Bavold.

HYGIENE.

Lectures and Demonstrations on Hygiene and Sanitary Medicine
Two hours a week. ' Professor Bavold.

FORENSIC MEDICINE.

A Course of Lectures. Three hours a week. Comprising the
following subjects : Chemistry and Detection of Poisons^
by Prof. Warren. Symptoms and Treatment of Poi-
soning, by Dr. Tuttle. Microscopy of Blood Stains,
Hair, etc., by Prof. Budgett. Abortions, Diagnosis of
Recent Labor, Rape, etc., by Prof. Schtcarz. Legal Aspects
of Insanity, Injuries to the Nervous System, Alcoholism,
Sunstrolse, etc., by Prof. Fry. Legal Aspects of Trauma-
tism and Surgical Injuries; Post-mortem Examinations,
by Dr.. Kodis. Medical Jurisprudence, by Prof. Nagel.



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THE COLLEGE.

Admission.

Candidates for admission to the College will present
themselves for examination on Monday, June 17, 1901,
in room No. 8, east wing of the University Building, at
9 o'clock a. m. A second examination will be held on
Tuesday, September 24, for such candidates as cannot
be present in June.

Division of the Examination.

A candidate for admission may, at his option, take the
entire examination at one time; or he may divide it (1)
between two years, or (2) between June and September
of the same year; provided he is prepared at the first
examination in not less than four of the subjects named
in the requirements for admission.

Testimonials.

All candidates for admission are required to furnish
testimonials of good moral character, and students from
other colleges are required to present certificates of
honorable dismissal.

Candidates who divide the examination must furnish
their testimonials at the time of their final examination
for admission.



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thk college. 51

Requirements for Admission to the Freshman Class.*

1. EhmenU of English. Neat and readable hand-
writing ; correct spelling, punctuation and use of
capitals, proper construction of sentences ; clear-
ness and conciseness of expression.

Candidates are advised to study tlie following : A
grammar containing a clear and sim[)le system of
analysis of sentences such as is found in Lonffmnn^s
School Grammar; Shakespeare's Merrhant of Venice;
Addison's Roger de Coverley papers from The Spec-
tator, Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, George Eliot's
Silas Marner, Longfellow's Kranfjeline, and Emerson's
essays on Friendship, Manners, Compensati<tn, His-
tory, Chancier.

II. Ahjebra^ including radicals and equations of the

second degree.
m. Elementary Plane and Solid Geometry . Wells' or
Wentworth's Geometry or an equivalent.

IV. Latin. Grammar, four books of Cjesar, seven
orations of Cicero, and six books of the TKueid
of Virgil. Prose Composition.

V. Modem Lanijuaye. Either French or German at
the option of the candidate ; facility in reading
ordinary prose at sight and knowledge of ele-
mentary grammar shown by the ability to trans-
late easy sentences from English into P>ench or
German.

* (iree.k is not required for admission; but candidates who intend to
continue the study of Greek after admission to the College must fulitll
the following requirements: —

Goodwin's Grammar and Header; or Grammar, four books of the
Anabasis, and three books of the Iliad; prose composition.



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52 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

VI. Iliatory, Of the United States and of England,
such as is found in any text-book on history
intended for the use of preparatory schools ; of
Greece and Rome, such as is found in Pennell's
or Smith's Small Histories.
VII. Elementary Physics. Either a or b.

a. As much as is contained in such books as
Gage's " Introduction to Physical Science," or
Appleton's " School Physics."

h. An amount of laboratory work equal to the
first forty experiments in Hall and Bergen's
'' Text-Book of Physics."

Special Students.

Special Students may be admitted to one or more
courses in the college upon the following conditions : —

1. That evidence of proper preparation, satisfactory to
the committee and to the instructors concerned, be
submitted before admission to any course of courses.

2. That candidates for degrees who fail in the work of
the regular courses shall not have the privilege of becom-
ing Special Students, unless such failure shall come from
phj'sical inability to do>the required work.

3. That Special Students shall not be regarded as
candidates for a degree.

All matters concerning Special Students are referred to
a standing committee of the Faculty, which is composed
of Professors- Snow, Wuterhouse and Keiser. Applica-
tions should be made to Professor Snow, Chairman.



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TBS COLLEGE. 53



ARRANGEMENT OF STUDIES IN THE
COLLEGE.

FRESHMAN YEAB.

* Prescribed Studies.
English; CoarKes, 1 and 2.

German, CoursevS 1 and 2, or French, Courses 1 and 2, for
those who do not present both of these languages for admission.

Elective Studies.

In addition to the prescribed studies, every Freshman is
required to taice each term elective studies amoanting to three
full courses. No Freshman may elect more than one course in



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 52 of 70)