Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

. (page 61 of 70)
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6. The private life of the Romans based upon the letters of
Pliny. It is the aim of this course to give, by means of
lectures and the reading of selected letters of Pliny, a
general picture of Roman life in the first century of the
Empire. Wherever possible, the work of this course will
be illustrated by stereopticou views. Papers on special
topics will be prepared by members of the class. (1903-4.)

8. Tacitus: Annals, Agricola, Germania. (1902-3.) In con-

nection with this course will be studied: (I) The early
history of the Empire. (2) The history of Britaiu as a
Roman province. (3) The early institutions of the Teu-
tonic peoples as described in the Germania of Tacitus
and Caesar, Book VI.

10. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations and De Finibus. (1903-4.)

12. Quintilian, Books I and X; Horace, Epistles, Book II.

A study of literary education and literary criticism at Rome.
14. (a) Outline course in the history of Latin Literature. One
hour a ueek.
(b) General outline course for teachers. Two hours a week.
Among other topics the following will l)e touched upon: —



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38 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

The Roman pronunclatiou^ metrical reading^ syntax of the
moods aud tenses, palaeography, epigraphy, and the
topography of Rome. (1903-4.)

Courses 1, 2, S, and either 4 or <> are prerequisites for all
furtlier courses in L»atin.

ENGLISH.
Assistant-Professor Orumbine. Three times a week.

1. Exercises In Rhetoric and English Composition: The writ-

ing of numerous exercises illustrating and applying the
principles of rhetoric and composition. Discussion of
these principles in the class-room. Criticism of selec-
tions from English prose.

2. The forms of English Prose: A continuation of Coarse 1.

Class-room reading and discussion of Macaulay's Essay
on Croker^s edition of Bosweirs Life of Johnson, and of
other examples of the forms of English prose.

3. General Introduction to English Literature: Outline of the

history of literature; discussion of the principal authors
from the earliest times to the eighteenth century. Lec-
tures. Oral and written discussion of class-room work.
Supplementary reading.

4. General Introduction to English Literature: A continuation

of Course 3. Outline of the literature from the eight-
eenth century to the present day. Lectures. Oral and
written discussion of class-room work. Supplementary
reading.

5. Shakspere : The life, the times, the art of Shakspere. Text-

ual criticism of representative plays in the class-room,
e. g., King Henry IV. Part I. and Part II. ; As You Like
It, Hamlet, Antony and Cleopatra, Winter's Tale. lec-
tures. Oral and written discussions. Supplementary
reading,
(i. Chaucer: The Life, the times, the art of Chaucer. Reading
and criticism of the Canterbury Tales and the Nonne



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COUBSBS OF INSTRUCTION. 39

Preestes Tale. Elementary studies of the history of the
English language. Supplementary reading. Oral and
written discussions.

7. Anglo-Saxon (Old English) : Outlines of Anglo-Saxon Gram-

mar. Reading of short selections of Anglo-Saxon prose
and poetry in Bright* s Anglo-Saxon Reader. Sight-read-
ing is encouraged. History of the English language.
Supplementary reading in nineteenth century literature.

8. .4nglo-Saxon (Old English): A continuation of Course 7.

Middle English : A course in Morris and Skeat^s Speci-
mens of Early English. Rapid reading is encouraged.
History of the English language. Supplementary reading
in nineteenth century literature.

GERMAN.
Profe99or Heller. Three times a week.

1-2. Elementary courses. Accidence; Translation from Ger-
man into English and from English into German; German
Conversation. Reading : Z8chokke, der zerbrochene Krug ;
Carnien Sylva, aus meinem Konigreich : Leander, Trilu-
mereien; Storm, Immense.
Prescribed for Freshmen who did not present German for
admission.

3-4. German Syntax and Prose Composition; Joynes-Meissner ;
r. Jagemann. German conversation, based upon the
books read. Reading: Stifter, das Heidedorf; Freytag,
der Kronprinz ; C F. Meyer, Gustav Adolf s Page ; Schil-
ler , Wilhelm Tell, and one or two short comedies.

5-<5. Composition continued. Outline of the History of German
Literature from its beginnings to the death of Goethe.
Reading: Lessing, Minna von Bamhelmr Ooethe, Her-
mann und Dorothea, Iphigenie auf Tauris; Schiller, Bal-
lads; das Lied von der Glocke; Wallenstein.

7-8. Outline of the History of German Literature from 1832-
1900. Reading : Selected works of Heine, Uhland, Geibel,



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40 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

Auerbach, Hebbel, Keller, Heyse, Wildenbruch, Baumbach,
Seidel, Sndermann, Hauptmann, and other writers.
Written and oral reports on outside reading.

9-10. History of German Literature frdm the oldest times to
the present day. A lecture course.

11-12. The metrical works of Groethe. An introduction to the
systematic study of a great writer. One and a half terms
are devoted to Faust, I. and II. ; the remaining half-term
is given to a more cursory study of Goethe's other mas-
terpieces In verse.
Students are advised to take History 5 before elecUtig German

5, or 9-10.
In place of the works quoted as reading texts Jor the above

courses, others of like degree of difficulty are frequently substituted.
Only eight of these courses can be given each year,

FRENCH.

Assistant-Professor Douay. Three times a weelc.

1-2. Elementary Courses: Pronunciation; Elementary Gram-
mar, reading and translation of easy French prose.

3. B'rench Composition: Reading.

4. Study of Idioms: Oral worIC; dictation and translation. —

Advanced reading.
5-t>. General introduction to the study of French literature :
A survey of its different'periods from the origins to tlie
end of tlie XIX Century. Illustrated by the reading of
some of the worlcs which are the most characteristic
of the literary evolution of France.

7. Tlie French Drama in the XVII Century.

8. Critics, moralists and orators of the XVII Century.

9. The Romantic Movement in France (with special reference

to lyric poetry).

10. The literary' movement in France in tlie latter part of the

XIX Century (witli special reference to the drama and
the novel).



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 41

Courses 7-8 aud 9-10 are conducted in French — lectures and
recitations. They are given In alternate years only. (Courses
7-8 not given in 1901-1902.)

PHILOSOPHY.
Professor Lorejoy, Three times a week.

1. Deductive Logic: Elementary study of the conditions of

formal consistency in reasoning; with exercises in tiie
analysis of arguments.

2. Logic of the Sciences: The canons of inductive procedure

and general methodology of scientific hypothesis and
verification.
8. History of Ancient Philosophy^ from the Ionian Schools to
the ^Eo-PIatonists.

4. History of Modem Philosophy, to Kant.

5. Theory of Knowledge: An examination of the criteria,

limits and degrees of linowledge^ with special applications
to tlie principal varieties of real or supposed knowledge ;
tlie psychology of judgment and assent; the ethics of
belief based on historical study of the more important
doctrines conceniing these problems since Locke.
(J. Elementary Psychology: An introductory analysis of the
phenomena of consciousness.
Courses o and will be given in alternate years.

7. Ethics: Analysis and criticism of the chief modem types

of ethical theory, with an attempt at reconstruction.

8. Seminary : Four contemporary types of systematic philos-

ophy: Evolutionary Heallsm (Spencer), Abstract Monism
(Deussen), Idealistic Monism (Bradley, Royce), Monad-
ism (Renouvier). Open only to seniors and graduate
students who have had the equivalent of two years work
in philosophy. Two hours a week.



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42 WASHINGTON UNIVBB8ITY.

ECONOMICS.
Mr. Winston. Three times a week.

1. Principles of Economics.

2. A continuation of 1, with an application of principles to

certain practical qaestions.

8. Economics for Civil Engineering students^ including prob-
lems in the Economics of Transportation. Municipal
Lighting Systems, and Street Railways.

4, 5. Questions of the Day. (Trusts, Railway Trdusportation,
Municipal Industries, Labor Legislation, etc., tlie choice
of topics varying from year to year.)

6. Money and Banking.

7. Principles of Sociology.

8. Labor Organizations and questions relating to Labor, such

as factory laws, the eight-hour day, employers* liability,
workingmen's insurance, etc.
Courses 1 and 2 are open to all college students except
Freshmen. Course 3 is open only to engineering stu-
dents, and is given in alternate years. All otlier courses
are open only to students who have had 1 and 2.

HISTORY.
Professor Snow. Three times a week.

1. England from Henry VII. to the end of the Stuart Period.

2. England; Modem Period.

3. France under the Bourbon Kings to the Revolution.

4. France; The Revolution and the Empire.

5. Mediaeval Germany; The Holy Roman Empire to the Peace

of Westplialia.

6. Eastern Europe since the Fall of the Western Empire.

7. Constitutional History; Constitution of the United States;

Comparison of American and European Governments.

8. Elements of International Law with Study of Treaties.

Half Course.
St. General European History; Review and Discussion. Half
Course.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 43

UISTOHY OF ART.
Mr. Holmes Smith, Three times a week.

1. Ancient Art: Tlie general principles of art derived from the

study of the architecture, sculpture and ornament of
ancient Greece. Application of principles to the study of
modem works of art.

2. Roman and Mediaeval Art: The study of Roman, Early

Christian, Byzantine, Romanesque and Gothic Art.
Revivals of Roman and Mediaeval styles In modem
times.

MATHEMATICS.

1. Higher Algebra. Professor Chessin.

Three times a week.
2a. Plane Trigonometry. Professor Chessin.

Twice a week.
2b. Splierical Trigonometry. Professor Chessin.

Once a week.

3. Analytic Geometry.. Professor Chessin.

Three times a week.

4. Differential Calculus. Professor Chessin,

Three times a week.

5. Integral Calculus. Professor Wojodaard.

Three times a week.
(>. Theory of Equations. Professor Chessin,

Twice a week.
7. Differential Equations. Professor Woodward.

Twice a week.
8-9. Descriptive Geometry. Professor Chessin.

Two lectures a week. Drawing two hours a week.



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44 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

APPLIED MECHANICS.
Professor Woodward. Three times a week.

1. Graphical Statics^ Stress Diagrams for Frames, Trusses^ and

Bridges analyzed and drawn to scale.

2. General Principles of Statics and Dynamics with illustrative

examples.

3. Rotation of Uigid Bodies. Character and distribution of

Stress. Strength and Stiffness of Girders and Shafts.

4. Kinematics^ Mechanism^ including the general theory of

transmission of energy by Gearing^ Liquids^ Belts, etc.^
with and without friction.

5. Deflection of Beams and Girders and the Torsion of Shafts.

PHYSICS.
Professor Nipher and Assistants,

1. Elementary Mechanics, including the Mechanics of Fluids.

Ttoo lectures or recitations and two hours of laboratory work
a week.

2. Heat and Light. Three lectures or recitations and three hours

of laboratory work a week.
Optics. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of labora-
tory work a week.

3. Electricity and Magnetism. Three lectures or recitations and

three hours of laboratory work a week.

Ay 5. Laboratory instruction in Electrical Measurements, includ-
ing measurement of resistances, E. M. F. of batteries, the
calibration of amperemeters and voltmeters, electrolytic
measurements, magnetic determinations, heating effect of
currents, electrical detenu inations of Joule's equiva-
lent. Six hours a week.

T). Introduction to the mathematical theory of Electricity and
Magnetism, including the theory of Potential; capacity of
bodies; energy of electrical systems; electrometers and
electrostatic voltmeters, theory of magnetic measure-



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COUB8B8 OF INSTBUCTION. 45

ments, magnetic fields due to electric curreDts, electrical
induction^ theory of dynamos and electric motors^ alter-
nating currents, tri-phased systems. Three hours a week.

7. Dynamo-electric Machinery, including a discussion of the

theory of series, shunt and compound dynamos and
motors, conditions of efficiency of dynamos and motors,
conditions of economic operations, transformers and
transformer systems, electric lighting stations, electric
railways, power stations, and secondary batteries. Three
lectures a week,

8. Laboratory worit in testing electrical machinery. Three hours

a week.

9. Designing of electrical machinery. Six hours a week.

10. Electrical Transmission of Power and Light, and the study

of the designing of machinery for specific output and
economy. Three hours a week of lectures and two hours of
laboratory work.

11-12. Designing of Electrical Machinery. Six hours a week.

13-14. Laboratory Work. Six hours a week.

CHEMISTRY.

Professor Keiser and Assistants.

1-2. General Descriptive Chemistry. Lectures and laboratory
work upon the preparation and properties of the more
important elements and compounds. General laws and
principles of chemistry. Two lectures and two hours of
laboratory work a week.

3. Qualitative Analysis. Systematic methods of separating and

detecting the bases and acids. Laboratory work. Six
hours a week,

4. Quantitative Analysis. Methods of gravimetric and vol-

umetric analysis. Laboratory work. Six hours a week.
5-6. Organic Cliemistry. Lectures upon the chemistry of the
carbon compounds. Preparation, properties, and trans-
formations of typical compounds. Methods of determin-



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46 WASHINGTON UNIVEB8ITT.

ing chemical constitutiou ; relationships between classes
of compounds. General laws and theories. Three hours
a week.

7-8. Laboratory Worlc in Organic Chemistry. Preparation and
study of the transformations of typical compounds.
Six or twelve hours a vteek.

9-10. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Laboratory Work.
Analysis of commercial and industrial materials and
products. Assaying. Sanitary examinations of foods^
water; etc. Gas analysis. Six or twelve hours a week.

11. Laboratory work in Physical Methods. Determination of

molecular weights by the freezing point and boiling point
methods. One hour a week.

12. Chemical Seminary. Advanced Workers and Instructors

meet to report upon and discuss articles in current
chemical journals. One hour a week.

13. Mineralogy. Crystallography and the determination of

minerals by means of the blowpipe. Three hours a week.

14. Descriptive mineralogy. Lectures and laboratory work.

Three hours a week.
15-16. Industrial and £ugineeriDg Chemistry. Lectures and

Laboratory work. Jhoo hours a xoeek.
17-18. Research work in Theoretical or Applied Chemistry.

Investigation of some subject in pure or applied chem

istry. Laboratory work and reading of original papers

and memoirs. Preparation of thesis.

BOTANY.

Professor Trelease and Assistants. Three times a week.

1. Elementary Morphology and Organography, with reference

to Ecology and Systematic Botany. Lectures and demon-
strations. Professor Trelease.

2. Elementary Anatomy and Phanerogamic Botany. Labora-

tory work, Mr. Coulter.

3. Synoptical study of the Cryptogams. Laboratory work.

Dr. von Schrenk



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C0UB8ES OF INSTRUCTION. 47

4. A special study of some group of Cryptogams.

Dr. von Schrenk.

5. Methods of Vegetable Histology. Laboratory work.

Mr. Coulter.

6. Histology and Morphology of the Higher Plants. Lal>ora-

tory work. Mr, Coulter.

7. A laboratory study of the minute anatomy of the lower

Cryptogams. Dr. von Schrenk.

8. Technical Microscopy of Timbers. Laboratory work. Ttco

hours a week. Dr. von Schrenk.

9. Economic Botany. Lectures and laboratory demonstrations.

Professor Trelease.
10-11. Applied Mycology. Laboratory work. Dr. von Schrenk.
12-13. Garden Botany. Laboratory study of cultivated plants.

At the Botanical Garden.
14-15. Vegetable Physiology. Laboratory work. Mr. Coulter.
1(>-17. Bacteriological Technique. Laboratory work.

Dr. von Schrenk.
18. Physiographic Ecology. Lectures and Field work.

Mr. Coulter.
It is intended that course 1 shall always be followed by course
2; the two being preparatory to otlier electives. For the
present, unless special reason to the contrary exists, courses 1
and 2 only are given each year, the remaining electives being
offered in alternate years as follows : —

For 1901-1902.

First term, courses 1, 5, 8, 10 and 16.

Second term, courses 2, 6, 7 and 11.
For 1902-1903.

First term, courses 1, 14 and 16.

Second term, courses 2, 16 and 17.

Students who have taken courses 1 and 2, or have had their
equivalent elsewhere, are admitted to any of the other element-
ary electives which can be taken without conflict with other
university work; but students who desire to equip themselves as



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48 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

botanists are advised to take the electives as nearly as possible
in the order in which they are offered; and on the completion of
tlie elective courses should expect to devote not less than ten
hours a weeic through an entire year to some piece of research
work, selected under tlie advice of the Professor of Botany.

Special graduate study or investigation is planned to meet
the needs of students, so far as the facilities of the School of
Botany and the Botanical Qarden permit.

ASTRONOMY.
Mr. Lichter,

1. Descriptive Astronomy. Lectures and recitations, with

occasional work at the Observatory. Three times a xoe^k.

2. Practical Astronomy. Applications of Astronomy in deter-

mination of time, Latitude, Longitude and Azimntb.
Three times a week.

Spherical Trigonometry will be required for entrance to
either of these courses.

ZOOLOGY.
Mr. Coulter. Three times a week.

1. Elementary Zoology. A course of lectures and laboratory

exercises upon representatives of the various groups of
animals, including their anatomy, life history, distribu-
tion and habits.

2. Elementary Zoology. A continuation of Course I.

3. Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrata. Lectures, demonstra-

tions and laboratory exercises.

4. Insecta. A course of lectures and laboratory exercises on

the life history, habits, distribution and classification of
the groups of insects, with occasional field trips for col-
lection and investigation.



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COUB8E8 OF IN8TBUCTI0N. 49

GEOLOGY.

Adjunct- Professor Hambach, Three times a week.

1. General Course.

2-3. Elementary and Systematic Geolojsy.

4-5. Palaeontology.

6. Petrography.

DRAWING.

Mr. Holmes Smith,

1. Freehand Drawing. The observation and analysis of form.

Freehand Drawing in outline of objects and groups of
objects, both from the objects themselves, from memory,
and from description. The elements of perspective as
applied to freehand drawing. Six hours a week.

2. The use of drawing instruments. The construction and use

of scales. Elementary Geometrical Drawing. Projection
of simple solids. Single line lettering. Three honrs a
toeek.

3. Geometrical Drawing. Those problems in geometrical con-

struction that are needed in descriptive geometry,
structural drawing and machine design. Practical Free-
hand Lettering. Four hours a iceek.

4. Machine Drawing. The making of preliminary sketches

with measurements of machines and parts of machines.
Working Drawings. Tracings. Blue Printing. Iso-
metric Drawing. Practical Freehand Lettering. Six
hours a week.

CIVIL ENGINEERING.

Professor Van Omum and Assistants.

1. Elementary Surveying. The use and adjustment of all the
ordinary surveying instruments ; land surveying; problems
in linear surveys, in laying out railway curves, etc. ; topo-
graphical surveying by the transit and stadia method and
also by the plane table. Two recitations and six hours
field practice a week.

4



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60 WA8HINGTOK UNIVEBSITT.

2-3. Surveying in the Field. Three weeks devoted coiUinuouely
to field practice. Tliis practicing Includes the topograph-
ical survey of a considerable tract of ground with an
irregular surface, for the purpose of mapping it with Ave-
foot contours, this survey being based on a system of
triangulation and levels which forms a part of the work
of the survey. A hydrographic survey, with locations by
one of the most approved methods, is made^ and a rail-
road line is also located from a contour map whicli is made
in the field, and the earth-worle upon it computed. Deter-
minations are also made by the students for latitude, time
and azimuth, and various other special problems are
worlced out practically. For this worlc the class goes to
a suitable point at a distance from the city the third
Monday before tlie beginning of the college year. A map
of this survey is drawn after return from the fleld.

4. Stereotomy. The applicatiou of Descriptive Geometry to

stone cutting, including groined, cloistered and skew
arches, etc. One recitation and three hours draieing a week.

5. Higher Surveying. Hydrographic, mining, city and geodetic

sur\^eying, with the mathematical principles involved and
the practical methods of operation used in the fleld;
earth-work computations, etc. Three hours a week.

6. Drawing. To accompany Courses 2 and 5. Nine hours a

xoeek.

7. Stresses in Framed Structures. Analytical and graphical de-

terminations of stresses in various styles of roof trasses
and of highway and railway bridges for distributed and
concentrated, fixed and moving loads. Three hours a week.

8. Structural Drawing. To accompany Course 7. Nine hours

a week.

9. Engineering Materials. A review of the principles of me-

chanics, relating especially to the strength of materials,
both inside and beyond their elastic limits, together with
the description of the processes of manufacture and
methods of testinsj the strength of materials and a dis-



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 51

cQsslon of the essential properties of the more common
materials of engineering construction. Three hours a
week.

10. Testing Laboratory Practice. Experimental tests made by

the student on the strength of various Icinds of engineer-
ing materials. Six hours a week.

11. Testing Laboratory Practice. Experimental tests made by

the student on the strength of various kinds of eugineer-
ing materials. For students in mechanical and electrical
engineering. Three hours a week.

12. Contracts and Specifications. The law of contracts as ap-

plied to engineering work, together with typical forms of
specifications. One hour a week.

18. Hydraulics. Hydrostatic and hydraulic theory, with the
application of principles developed to the flow of water
through orifices, pipes, etc. ; the determination of water-
power; the measurement of velocities and discharge.
Three hours a week.

U. The Designing of Framed Structures. An analytical study
of the principles involved In the designing of the general
and detail portions of the more common styles of bridges
and roofs. Three hours a week.

15. Structural Design. Work in the draughting room to ac-
company Course 14, and involving complete details. Nine
hours a week.

IG. Water and Sewerage Systems. The collection and distri-
bution of potable waters, as modified by various conditions
of supply and service. The practical designing of sys-
tems of sewerage and drainage. Methods of sewage-
disposal. Outline of irrigation methods. Water rates
and special assessments. Three hours a week.

17. Railway Engineering. Reconnaisance, preliminary and
location surveys considered in detail; railway construc-
tion and maintenance of way; standards of permanent
construction; the economic theory of railway location.
Three lectures a week.



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52 WASHINGTON UNTVERSITT.

18. Road Engineering. The location^ drainage constroction and

maintenance of streets and roads: consideration of the
different paving materials in connection with their par-
ticular characteristics and their adaptability and adequacy
under various conditions of service ; the cost and life of
pavements. Three lectures a toeek.

19. Masonry Structures^ Tunneling and Explosives. Tlie theory

of design and the construction of foundations, retaining
walls, dams, arches, chimneys, bridge piers, etc., together
with the study of the materials involved. Methods of



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 61 of 70)