Morton L. (Morton Luther) Montgomery.

Historical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. online

. (page 10 of 227)
Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 10 of 227)
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Christian Mourer
Lyon Nathan ,
John Readinger
David Rine
John Rose
Conrad Sigtor
Bernhard Shisser
Mathias Souermilk
Michael Shun
Andrew Wolf
Martin Young



Richmond



Michael Adam
Peter Adolph
Jacob Breon
Peter Biel
Henrick Burget
William Cowwood
Jacob Dreblepiss
Henry Dilbon
Christopher Disher
Henrich Edle
David Ely
Abram Ely
Conrad Fogelfender
John Glas
Peter Grenewald
Henry Heffner



Michael Hesler
Michael Hessely
Daniel Hoy
Jacob Huttenstone
Henrick Kelkner
George Kern
Abram Kiefer
Peter Merkle
Nicholas Merckel
George Merckle
Conrad Miller
George Nutes
George dinger
Baltas Reim
Michael Revert
John Riel



Peter Roder
John Rodermell
Christian Rotermel
George Sheffer Jun'r
Michael Steinbumer
Christopher Shlegel
Peter Spim
Philip Suntz
Martin Wanner
Michael Weiman
Fredrick Zirr

Single Men
George Mijchael Derr



James Bird
Josiah Boone
Walter Burk
Jacob Bychle
John Cadwallader
France Colony
Jacob Cough
Henry Cough
Garrett Dewese
Cornelius Dewese
Stephen Douty
George Dycass
Felty Eamse
Isaac Edwards
Christopher Ergate
Enos Ellis
Christopher Freat
David Garrad
Richard George
Christopher Giger
John Griffith
Philip Hart
Marg't Harris
William Harvot
Michael Hewet
David Howel
John Howman
Widow Hoyle
Hudson Hughes
Owen Humphrey
Ephram Jackson
Evan Jones
Thomas Lewis
Peter Liking
Robert Long
Samuel Mooney
John Moore
Richard More



Peter Dilbone
Paul Hboimaii
David Kamb
Martin Kamb
John Kamber
Jacob Lupfer
Christian Merkle
Casper Merckle
John Rany
Jacob Shoemaker
Christopher Wanner
Conrad Wolf



Robeson



Jenkins Morris
James Nox
Jacob Overdear
Thomas Pew
Elias Redkey
Jacob Redkey
Griffith Rees
Israel Robeson
John Scarlet
Adam Shaver
Samuel Seely
Robert Stewart
William Sowers
George Sowers
Fredrick Stoner
Willetrick Stoner
William Talman
Thomas Thomas
Thomas Thomas
John Thomas
David Thomas
Benjamin Williams
George Windle
Henry Winterberry

Single Men

Andrew Allen
James Cadwalader
Joseph Dowdle
Thomas Emry
, George Hart
Jonas Likins
Owen Nicholas
Jacob Overdear
Samuel Robinson
James Thomas
Jacob Wilkler



RUSCOMEMANOR



Adam Ahar
George Angstat
George Angstat
Julius Bauhman
PhiHp Berninger
Peter Breifogel
John Rudolph Camber
Peter Colb
Mathias Colb
Jacob Diser
Jacob Ely
Titer Fohl
Jacob Fox
Bastian Gernant
Nicholas Guliard
Peter Guidleman
George Hefnor
Caspar Hoofman
Ludwic Hospelhorn
Christian Hufnail
Philip Keller



Peter Kulter
Henry Long
Jacob Libbert
Philip Lining
Jacob Michael
John Miller
Godlick Nolick
Conrad Price
Anthony Peck
Casper Piking
John Reel
Peter Reif
George Rock
Casper Routzhorn
George Swartz
Christian Shoemaker
Adam Shurel
John Sowers
Yost Wagner
John Wickenhammer
IMichael Widower



ERECTION OF COUIS'TY



15



John William
John Yon
Jacob Zanger

Single Men

Fredrick Bla
Stophel Colb



' Jost Faall
Teetor Folb
George Kilver
John Kohl
Michael Miller
Henry Rincer



TULPEHOCKEN



John Ansbach

Leonard Ansbach

Peter Ansbach

Michael Albert

William Albert

George Bachtel

John Bachter

Jeremiah Barr

Adam Crick-Bawm

WiUiam Crick-Bawm

Jacob Beck

George Beel

Felty Bensel

Christian Bergke (Burkey)

George Bleistein

Philip Bleistein

Jacob Breck

Jacob Bizman

Simon Boreiff

Fish Bornen

George Boyer

Henry Boyer

Jacob Brown

Philip Brown Sen'r

Philip Brown Jun'r

Jacob Buhz

Capwright

Jacob Casser
Fredrick Clasbrener
George Christ
Stephen Conrad
Peter Grouser
Nicholas Deck
Adam Deiffebach
Barthel Deisinger
George Dollinger
Jacob Donder
Melchor Dotweiler
Mathias Dubeler
Andrew Eber
John Eder
Jacob Ezberger .
Jacob Eichler
Adam Emrich
Bastian Eruth
Nicholas Ely
George Faurs
Nicholas Framer
Christian France
George Fenikle
Widow Fidler
Jacob Fisher
Ulrick Fisher
George Folk
Jacob Fomler
John Force
Adam Fox
George Gardner
Peter Gebhart
Philip Gebhart
George Goodman
Leonard Grow
Jacob Grub
Henry Haine
Michael Hambarger
John Hartman
Michael' Hartman



Jacob Hartman
George Hauck
John Haveler
Peter Hecman
Samuel Herman
Jacob Hofman
Fredrick Hoffener
Thomas Hon
Adam James
David Kaderman
Jacob Kaderman
John Kaler
John Kaufman
Michael Keal
David Keisler
George Klein
Mathias Kemp
Daniel Kremer
Rudolph Kendel
Thomas Kern
Daniel Kenzner
William Kesran
Peter Kreyer
Michael Keyser
William Keyser
George Kinter & Son
Nicholas Kinser
Peter Kissener
Michael Kitner
Christian Krugar
Jacob Kubeller
Christian Kurtz
George Kutner
John Kofp
Jacob Konner
Michael Kope
Thomas Knorr
Fredrick Koufman
Nicholas Kouger
Christian Lawferweller
Abram Lebo
Peter Lebo
George Lechner
Jacob Lederman
George Lehman
Adam Lesh
William Lightner
Jacob Livergood & Son
George, Lodwic
Casper Long
John Long
Nicholas Long
Jacob Lost
Christian Lower
Daniel Lucas
Abram Luke
Abram Luke Jun'r
Peter Luke
Jacob Lux
Francis May & Son
Daniel Mayer
Philip Meat
Jacob Miller
Jacob Miller
Nicholas Miller
Wendel Miller
Jacob Milleisin



Jatob Ming

Michael Moser

John George Moule

Daniel Moushavner

Bernhard Mounti

Christian Moyer

John Moyer

Rudy Moyer

Jacob Moz

Valentine New

John Nokle

George Noll

Mathias Noxser

John Oberle

Andrew Oleback

George Paffenberger

Christian Pens

John Poncious

Jacob Portner

George Procias and two

married sons
Michael Rice ~

John Rigelmiller
Zacharias Rockroch
Henry Rodebach
George Rool
Joseph Rozs
Mathias Rozs
Michael Runcle
Adam Ryal
Casper Read
John Ream
George Read
Conrad Reber
Casper Reed
Casper Reed
Fredrick Reed
Jacob Reed
Leonard Reed
Leonard Reed
Peter Reed
Widow Reed
Christopher Reeser
Andrew Reger
Godfred Rehrer
Jacob Rehrer
Abram Reiber
Daniel Reigel
John Repman
Andrew Shafer
George Shaffer
John Shaffer
Michael Shaffer
Michael Shaffer Jun'r
Fredrick Shaffer
Peter Shaffer
Michael Sauser
John Snably
Jacob Swanger
Lodwick Swartz
John Swartz
Henry Seller
George Seller
Jacob Seiber
Philip Seiper
Philip Shearman
Widow Shell
Adam Stein Jun'r
Adam Stein Sen'r
Peter Stein
Bastian Sweyger
George Shireman



Adam Smith
George Smith
Mathias Smith
Abram Snider
Benjamin Spicker
Peter Spicker
Nicholas Swingel
Adam Sholter
Bernhard Shoon
Adam Sonday
John Shop
George Stock
Jacob Stock
Henry Stoll
Fredrick Stop
Martin Stoup
John Snow
Michael Summay
Casper Stump
Melchor Tabler
Adam Team
John Theam
Melchor Ticeler
William Ticeler
Oly Tonkleberger
John Troutman
George Ulrick
Valentine Unrow
Christopher Urns
Christopher Ury
Peter Wagoner
Mathias Wagoner
Widow Walborn
George Weber
Adam Weeber
Jacob Welhelm
Christopher Weiser
David Weiser
John Weiser
France Wenrich
Henry Wilberger
Conrad Wirth
Fredrick Winter
Jacob Wolf
Jacob. Wolf
George Wolf
George Wolf
Michael Wolffart
John WoUeben
John Wombledorf
John Zerbe
Peter Zerbe
Peter Zerbe Jun'r
John Zellot
Oley Zoleberger
John Zollete

Single Men

Fredrick Anters
Jacob Arbs
Peter Carbrigh
Godfret Carkert
Henry Cuns
Valentine Grasey
Jacob Gessler
Geo. Goodman Jun'r
Adam Haverle
Little Jacob
Fredrick Miller
Jacob Precias
William Resman
John Roster
Nicholas Sneider
Lorentz Simple
John Strosneider
John Unrue



IG



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



Union



Thomas Banfield
Jacob Bashance
William Bird
Jenkin Davis
Evan Evans
John German
John Godfrey
Mordecai Harris
John Harrison
Caleb Harrison
John Hans
Andrew Hoffman
John Hollowav
Mathew Hopkin
Edward Hugh
Mounce Jones
Steven Lewis
Morgan Lewis
John Lincorn
Charles Magrew
Jonathan Millard



Joseph Millard
Benjamin Millard
Timothy Millard
Thomas Pratt
Christian Standly
John Stone
Henry Sudlar
Conrad Walter
Abram Wanger
Andrew Wolf
Daniel Yoder

Single Men
Fennel Evans
Fredrick Hause
Obediah Jerman
Jeremiah Jerman
Faul Ryley
Andrew Smith
Charles Terdman
George Tishler
George Trustle



Windsor



Reyhard Alsboch
Mathias Alspoch
Daniel Baily
Peter Barteymay
Isaac Bartolet
Christopher Brening
William Bresler
Christopher Bickel
George Bowman
George Craine
W'endel Cooper
Mathias Dear
Michael Dewald
Qementz Doncleberger
Peter Donkleberger
Michael Dunkle
Martin Fell
Nicholas Fey
Patrick Finley
John Garver
Jacob Grave
George Godtchall
]\Iichael Hansel
John Hart
Fredrick Hershe
Fredrick Hess
Daniel Hill
Daniel Hill Jun'r
John Daniel Hill
Jacob Hill
John Hill
Philip Flingel
Valentine Hoof
John Hossinger
John Houser
Christian Housgneit
Conrad Hoiisman
Jacob Hower
Wendel Flowers
Widow Flughes
Philip FInmel
Jacob Hummel
Michael Iseman
Daniel Kamb
Michael Iveisher
Leonard Keplinger
Conrad Kersner
George Kersner
Henry Kime
Adam Kline
John Koch



Christopher Kosner
Michael Kower
Widow Kuhn
Peter Kluke
Valentine Kyme
George Lindermood
Adam Lookinbill
George Miller
Hans Moyer
Jacob Petery
George Potist
Henry Proabst (Brobst)
Leonard Reever (Reber)
Barnard Rend
George Resler
Lawrence Rodermell
Peter Rodermell
Jacob Rouse
Martin Rouse
Nicholas Roust
Michael Sleer
Elias Stein
Andreas Sidle
Henry Shiera
George Shnider
Jeremiah Shoppel
ALathias Trayer
George Adam Wagner
Theobald Warner
Peter Weaver
Philip Wensil
Caret Will
Jacob Winger
Nicholas Winger
Nicholas Winger
Thomas Wright
Jonathan Worral

Single Men
Lips Adam
William Anderson
William Andlemon
Peter Cratsler
Jacob Dewald
Jacob Hill
George Hower
Andrew Humel
Leonard Ketz
George Lusher
James Mai one
Jacob Meyer
John Mingel



NATIONALITIES

Swedes. — The first permanent settlement along
the Delaware in Pennsylvania was effected by a
small colony of Swedes in 1638. Ten years before
this, the subject of encouraging Swedes to settle
in Pennsylvania, for purposes of trade, had been
discussed by the King of Sweden ; but his warfare
with the Germans about that time, and his sudden
death, ended the matter, till it was reconsidered and
revised by his lord chancellor under the patronage
of his daughter, the young Swedish Queen Chris-
tina. The whole number of settlers then in the
new country (which they called New Sweden) did
not exceed fifty. The Swedes effected the most
of their settlements on the western side of the
Delaware river, and extended them along this river
and its prominent tributary, the Schuylkill. In ten
years, their number did not increase to one hun-
dred. Notwithstanding their success in carrying on
trade, they could not acquire such a firm hold upon
the country as to continue their government a score
of years. In 1655, their Governor surrendered to
the Dutch, and this ended the rule of the Swedes
in Pennsylvania. But those who had settled and
taken up lands along the Delaware and Schuylkill
did not abandon their settlements. Penn, upon his
arrival nearly thirty years afterward, encouraged
them to move toward the interior.

The English settlers multiplied rapidly after Penn
had given a fixed government to the province, and
toward the close of the seventeenth century the
Swedes began to consider the propriety of accept-
ing Penn's ofifer. A small colony, under the lead-
ership of Andrew Rudman, found suitable land
along the Schuylkill, several miles above the mouth
of the Manatawny creek, and they in 1701 petitioned
for ten thousand acres. Immediately afterward, in
pursuance of warrants issued, certain tracts, aggre-
gating 10,500 acres, were surveyed and laid off for
them. The names of these Swedes were Andrew
Rudman, Andrew Bankson, Benjamin Burden,
Peter Boon, Benjamin Boon, Mounce Jones, Justa
Justason, Mounce Justice, John Cock, Peter Cock,.
Otto Ernest Cock, Jacob Culinn, Matthias Holston,
Morton Morton, Richard Roads and Jonas Yocum.

All of these, excepting Rudman, remained and
made permanent settlements. A building erected
by one of them, in 1716, is still standing though
somewhat altered. It is the oldest building in the
county. Descendants of some of them are still
in the township (called Amity shortly afterward),
notably the Joneses and Yocums. This was the
only colony of Swedes which came into the county,
and the only section of the county in which they
took up lands ; and they did not wander away, re-
maining in the township almost entirely.

They were the first settlers who erected a build-
ing for religious worship in this county. They
were members of the Lutheran denomination, and
they possessed admirable characteristics to take up
and develop a new country. They remained more



ERECTION OF COUNTY



17



immediately together than any other subsequent
class of settlers. The Indians must have appfe-
ciated their virtues in suffering them to remain
unmolested before the land was released. Hence




OLD SWEDE BUILDING

they were a peaceable people. There was amity be-
tween them, and so the township came to be named
in 1720.

Germans. — The German immigrants were the
second to enter this section of territory. The first
settlement by them was effected in 1710, along the
Manatawny, in Oley. Many arrived within the
next decade. To the east of the Schuylkill river
they proceeded northwardly from Philadelphia. To
the west, however, the first colony of Germans, be-
fore 1730, entered from the west, proceeding from
New York southwardly and from the Susquehanna
river eastwardly into Tulpehocken Valley. The
total number of Germans who settled in the county
previous to 1752 cannot be estimated, but they
were certainly more numerous than all the other
nationalities taken together. In 1747 Governor
Thomas stated that the Germans of Pennsylvania
comprised three-fifths of the whole population, or
about one hundred and twenty thousand.

Many of them were redemptioners, or persons
who had bound themselves or one or more of their
children to the masters of vessels, upon their ar-
rival, for a term of years, to pay for their passage
across the ocean. The usual terms of sale depended
upon the age, strength and health of the persons
sold. Boys and girls generally served from five
to ten years, till they attained the age of twenty-
one years. Many parents were compelled to sell
the service of their own children in order to sat-
isfy their passage-money, so that they might be
released from the vessel upon which they were
brought to this country. Children under five years
of age could not be sold to service. They were
disposed of gratuitously to persons who agreed to
raise them and give them their freedom when they
attained the age of twenty-one years. In this man-
ner the redemptioners came to occupy a very hum-
ble position ; but "from this class there have sprung
some of the most reputable and wealthy inhabit-
ants of the province."
2



Prior to 1727, most of them brought considerable
means, but afterwards, many of them were poor,
and they came to be redemptioners on that account.
The years in which they arrived were 1728, 1729,
1737, 1741, 1750 and 1751. The principal part of
them were farmers ; but many were mechanics who
brought with them a knowledge of those arts
which are necessary and useful in all countries, com-
prising carpenters and builders, weavers, tailors,
tanners, shoemakers (cordwainers), comb-makers,
smiths of all kinds, butchers, paper-makers and
clock-makers. They became perfect, mechanics and-
workmen through a custom of "Peregrination"
(Wanderschaft)j which, as young men, just after
the close of their apprenticeship, they carried on for
one or more years in order to make themselves
more proficient in their several trades. This was
required of young mechanics before they were per-
mitted to set up for themselves. By this course,
they were afforded opportunities of acquiring much
useful knowledge which books could not supply,
besides proficiency in their trade. They were called
"Traveling Journeymen" (Handwerks-Bursch).

This was the class of Germans which settled
the country along the Schuylkill and its tributaries.
They were a valuable acquisition to Penn and his
sons in the development of their great province.
They were just what a new country needed to
start it grandly in the march of material progress.
Their labor, economy, perseverance and stability
added great and increasing wealth to the country.
In this manner they prepared the way for the erec-
tion of a new county, and having thus fitted the
settlements for a separate political organization
they proceeded earnestly in behalf of its establish-
ment.

The Germans were along every stream except-
ing the Wyomissing, Allegheny, and Hay creek in
the southern section. They were in the valleys and
on the hills rather than along the Schuylkill. This
selection of localities was not accidental, for thev
found the best quality of land away from the Schuyl-
kill. The best farms in productiveness and ap-
pearance are in the localities where they settled —
in Oley, in Maxatawny, and in Heidelberg. And in
these respective localities we still find the grand-
children and great-grandchildren of the first Ger-
man patentees.

And the Germans were extreme Revolutionists,
having encouraged the war for Independence to the
utmost of their ability. Their conduct was admir-
able through the whole trying period, and when
the great struggle was successfullv ended, with
the acquisition of increased power to the people,
they naturally asserted their rights and took elect-
ive offices to t'hemselves.

Huguenots.— Many of the earlier immigrants
were Huguenots, who had been encouraged by Penn
and the English goveirnment to emigrate to Penn-
sylvania and New York. In France, this name was
used as a term of reproach for those who aimed
at a reform of religion according to the principles



18



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



enunciated by Calvin. The name attached itself
to these reformers when they broke off all connec-
tion with Lutheranism and began to organize them-
selves both as a church and as a political body.
Their churches sprang up with wonderful quick-
ness during the middle of the sixteenth century;
but they became very unpopular.

After the massacre of St. Bartholomew's day, in
1572, the subordination of their religious interests
to their political interests became inevitable, and
having become followers of Henry of Navarre,
heir to the French crown, their subsequent discon-
tent obtained from him, as King Henry IV., in 1598
(April 13th) J the famous Edict of Nantes. But
the provisions of this Edict were found as help-
ful for Catholics as for Protestants, and they were
so modified as to show a decreasing favor of the
Calvinists, who had dreamed of dominance and
had hoped for equality, but were put off with tol-
erance. This situation caused them to become dis-
satisfied with the Edict; and the King then deter-
mined to reduce them to nothing.

About 1590, the Huguenots carried on worship in
about thirty-five hundred chateaux and two hun-
dred towns, which were situated chiefly in the south
and west of France. When Louis XIV took U))
his reign, the tranquility of the Huguenots began
to pass away. In 1657, they were forbidden to
hold colloquies, lest they might take- to politics;
and in 1659, they were told to hold no more synods.
Soon the court went further and conversions were
undertaken. Wherever a pastor could be bribed,
converted or got rid of, his temple was torn down.
Their worship then became almost impossible in
towns. As the King's conscience ^tcw morbid, he
became more eager to expiate his own crimes by
punishing heretics. Within twenty years seven
hundred churches were destroyed. Throughout that
tr)'ing period, whilst thousands of them yielded to
oppression or bribery, thousands ot others fled the
land. The emigration began in 1666, and contin-
ued for fifty years. It is ):)robable that, in 1660,
there were over two millions of Pluguenots who
were regarded as the best and most thrifty citizens
in that country; and of these it is said fully a mil-
lion escaped from their inhospitable fatherland. At
last, the King revoked the Edict of Nantes, because
he thought that the Huguenots were suppressed.
This was on Oct. 15, 1685, and it was the sentence
of civil death on all Huguenots. It crushed more
than half of the commercial and manufacturing in-
dustry of the kingdom.

French. — Among the Huguenots, there were
many settlers with French names, which may be
found in the lists of the first taxables to the east
of the Schuylkill. The spelling has been changed
so much that they can hardly be recognized, this
having been done by the assessors to conform to
the English or the German pronunciation. Some
of these names and changes will be enumerated :
Bardo or Barto was Bardeau ; Bushong. Beau-
champ ; Bushour, Boucher or Buchat ; Bertolet,



Berthollet ; Bast, Baste ; Deisher, Duchere ; Deturck,
De Turcq; Dippery, Duprez; Dilplain, Delaplaine ;
Lessig, Lesecq; Lorah, Larue; Monyer, Monnier ;
Plank, De la Plank; Sharadin, Girardin; Shappel,
Chapelle; Shomo, Chaumont. Several of the un-
changed names are Boyer, Delcamp, De Long, Le-
van.

English. — The English entered this territory
and took up lands shortly before 1720. They were,
accordingly, the third class of settlers. Their first
families were the Boones, Ellises, Lees and Lin-
colns. They settled in Oley, — the Ellises and Lees
in the eastern section, along the Manatawny, and the
Boones and Lincolns in the central and western
sections along the Monocacy and the Schuylkill.
Within ten years after their permanent settlement,
they established a meeting-house for religious wor-
ship. This was about 1726, at a point where the
Exeter meeting-house stood until recently, in an
elevated position near the northwestern limit of the
Swedes' tracts, then called Amity township.

Shortly after 1730, they also settled along and
about Hay creek and Allegheny creek, to the west
of the Schuylkill, and also farther north, along and
about the Maiden creek, immediately after the In-
dians had released their rights to the territory.
The first families in the former settlements were
the Embrees, Lewises, Humphreys, Scarlets, Har-
rys, Prices, Webbs, Hughes, Moores, Williamses
and Thomases ; and in the latter settlements the
Parvins, Lightfoots, Pluttons, Starrs, Davises, Pen-
roses, Pearsons, AVileys, Wrights, Willits, Plarveys
and Reeds ; and these respective families also es-
tablished meeting-houses in the midst of their set-
tlements, about the year 1736 — the one at the
cross-roads near the center of Robeson township,
and the other near the center of Maiden-creek.

All these families were connected with the
Friends. They exerted a strong influence in these
three sections of the county. The numerous Eng-
lish names given to the townships east of the Schuyl-
kill were suggested by them. George Boone was
particularly prominent in the lower section, and
Benjamin Lightfoot in the upper section, in res-
pect to proceedings for setting apart new townships.
They were surveyors and men of more than ordi-
nary ability. And just as these two men were prom-
inent in their branch of service, Anthony Lee and
Francis Parvin were equally, if not more, prom-
inent in these respective sections as justices of the
several courts of the county. Indeed, until the Rev-
olution, the Friends exerted the most influence in
directing political affairs here notwithstanding their
number was far less than the Germans. But dur-
ing the Revolution and immediately afterward,
the natural energy of the Germans carried them
forward in political matters, just as it had carried
them forward in agriculture and manufactures be-
fore it ; and Independence having elevated them into
political rights, they exercised these by placing
themselves into power. So the Friends lost their



ERECTION OF COUNTY



19



qfficial positions and consequently their public influ-
ence.

Before the Revolution, their number was strofig
and their religious meetings were active and suc-
cessful, but since that time they have gradually de-
creased.

There were English people here besides the
Friends. At first, between 1735 and 1740, before
the erection of the county, they were in the south-
ern and southeastern sections, the one body in Caer-
narvon township, and the other in Amity. They
were members of the Established Church of Eng-
land, here called Episcopalians. Afterward, when
the county was erected, they also appeared in Read-
ing, though without sufficient strength to cause the
erection of a church for themselves until 1824.

Welsh. — ^Just as the Swedes settled in the coun-
ty on the eastern bank of the Schuylkill, so the
Welsh settled in the county to the west of this river.



Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 10 of 227)