Morton L. (Morton Luther) Montgomery.

Historical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. online

. (page 18 of 227)
Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 18 of 227)
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tendent of St. Andrew's Reformed Sunday-school,
served as president for the year 1908-09, and was
re-elected to serve for the year 1909-10.

jst District — Birdsbora^ Union
Name Supt. Members

Birdsboro M. E., Birdsboro G. F. Handwork 268

Monocacy M. E., Monocacy Caleb H. Bland 89

Trinity Evan., Birdsboro Ed. McChalacker 382

Calvary U. E., Birdsboro Anna Willard 138

Grace U. B., Birdsboro.; S. C. Millard 146

St. Mark's Lutheran, Birdsboro. .. -Charles Rhoads 224

St. Paul's Reformed, Birdsboro Jacob De- Turk 113

St. Michael's Episcooal, Birdsboro .. Harry Kissinger 141

Kulptown Union, Union Tames Blood 80

Cedar Hill Union, Union Harry Hoiiman 60

St. Paul's M. E., Geigertown L. M. High 122

St. James' Lutneran, Oeigertown . . . E. M. Zerr 63

1,776
2d District — Jioheson, Caernarvon
Name Supt. Members

St. John's Union, Gibraltar H. K. Winings 234

Robeson Union, Plowville M. J. Eshleman 145

Harmony M. E., Joanna J. W. Jacobs £5

Mt. Shiloh Evan., nr. Morgantown. Aaron Trait 79

Morgantown M. E., Morgantown. .George H. Muhlenberg... 91

Gibraltar Union, Gibraltar Samuel W. Kerst 178

Seyfert Holiness Chris., Seyf ert. . . . A. J. Smith 81

Zion's Union, Robeson W. Piersol 118



1,003
3d District — LenhartsviUe, Greenwich, Albany
Name Supt. Members

Bethel Zions Union, Grimville. . ... .A. A. Fister 117

Clover Mill Union, Stony Run.... Fred Feinour P9

Dunkel's Church Union, Virginville C. S. Merkel ' 116

•The word Union after the name of the Sunday-school indicates
Lutheran and Reformed combined.



E<<kville Union, Albany Reuben Bolich 33

Frieden's Union, Stony Run James -A. Schroeder 161

Kempcton Union, Kemptcn Tames Leibold 60

New Bethel Union, Kempton James Si Focht 75

LenhartsviUe Union, LenhartsviUe. A. B. Greenawalt 370

New Jerusalem Union, Stony Run. .Calvin Krause 106

Salem Evangelical, Albany James E. Snyder 60

St. Paul's Union, Virginville Milton L. Leiby 94

1,171
4th District — Boyertawn, Bechtelsville, Colebrookdale, Douglass,
I Washington

Name Supt. Members

Good Shepherd Reformed, Boyer-

town Daniel D. I.eidy 436

St. John's Lutheran, Boyertown. .Thos. R. Houck ,. . . 645

Ebenezer M. E.^ Boyertown W. W. Wrenn 74

Trinity U. E., Boyertown E. E. Stauffer 109

I-lereford New Mennonite, Here-
ford Dr. O. M. Burkey 178

Brethren, Boyertown F. Ritter 85

Zion's Evangelical, New Berlin-

ville H. B. Stauffer 40

Trinity Union, Bechtelsville Alfred Brumbach 292

Union, Pine Iron Works Mrs. P. Kurtz IDS

Bethany U. E-, Clayton Wm. Clemmer 90

Union, Gabelsville Jesse R. Bechtel 114

Union, Greshville J. Weiler 118



8,278

5th District — 'West Reading, Wyomissing, Spring, Lower Heidelberg

Name Supt Members

First Reformed, Wernersville Leomard M. Ruth 255

Trinity Lutheran. Wernersville. .. .T. C. Bricker 95

Green Terrace Un., Wernersville .. John A. Werner 89

Oak Hill Union, Lower Heidelberg. Solomon A. Brossman ... 153

Kissinger's Union, Spring Tp Henry G. Kissinger 82

Marsh Union. Lorah A. L. Bickel 77

Olive Leaf Union, Fritztown E. R. Eckenroth 139

S't. John's Ref., Sinking Spring. . .E. H. Zechman 310

Salem U. B., Sinking Spring H. M. Cake 115

St. John's Luth., Sinking Spring. .Henry H. Yost 136

St. James Ref., West Reading. . .Milton Gring 431

Vinemont Union, Spring Tp Henry Johnson 94

Evans Union, Spring Tp A. I. Noll 69

Bethany Lutheran, West Reading. .W. O. Laub 265

TkK a.^ n -. ^^ TT 17 ^J.^1 >™ TT:11 ^



Memorial U. E., Mohn's Hill.



55



2,865
6th District — Hamburg, Tilden, Windsor, Upper Bern
Name Supt. Members ■

Bethany M. E., Hamburg H. R. Shollenberger 159

St. John's Lutheran, Hamburg H. C. Kline 363

Salem U. E., Hamburg William B. Miller 68

First Reformed, Hamburg Irvin A. Diener 303

St. Paul's Union, Windsor Tp. ...Isaac Krick 105

Liberty Cross Roads Union. Tilden. C. F. S. Ketner 77

St. Mchael's Union, Tilden F. H. Naftzinger, O. F.

Berger 295

Bern Union, Tilden , .P. E. Naftzinger 74

West Hamburg Union, Tilden Alfred M. H. DeLo'ng ... 105

Zion's Union, Windsor A. F. Baver 195

Shartlesville Union, Shartlesvill^. .James F. Naftzinger .... 223

Salem U. B., Tilden _. .V. K. Fisher 96

Bern Union, Upper Bern .H. M. Heckman 76



■2,137
7m District — Topton, District, Longswamp, Hereford
Name Supt. Members

Grace U. E., Topton Edgar Rohrbach 118

St. Peter's Union, Topton F. J. Fisher 215

Longswamp Union, Longswamp ... Roy E. Maybry 121

Pilgert's IJnion, Longswamp 69

Bush's Union, Longswamp ..Augustus R. Frey 64

St. Paul's Union, Mertztown Charles B. Miller 134

Hancock Union, Longswamp Charles B. Miller 140

Sterner's Union, District ,- -Peter K. Sterner 64

Landisviille Union. District '..Elmer H- Bechtel 49

Huff's Church Union, Hereford. .. .Jacob Gries 1 170

Chapel Union, Hereford Fred W- Huber 169

Schlossburg Union, Longswamp- - -Lizzie M- Findly 93



1,406
8th District — Mt. Penn, Lower Alsace, Exeter, Amity, Earl
Name Supt Members

St. Lawrence Union, Esterly W. D. Brumbach .' 232

Bethany Union, Stonv -Creek Mills -R- T- Calm IflO

Baumstown Union, Baumstown. . . .C. L- Shantz 138

Snyderville Union, Limekiln ...... Chas- Knaab 99

Trinity Reformed. Mt Penn J. R. Dickenson 106



Locust Dale U. E., Locust Dale... I. M. Kehler ...

Union Unio'n, Monocacy I. R. Kline

Lorane Union, Lorane J- E- Troxell ..

Fairview Union, Baumstown .Howard Happle

Douglassville Un-. Douglassville- . .C. H. Hine ....

Jacksonwald Union, Jacksonwald. .C- R- Bortz

Amity ville Union, Athol C- R. Geiger - . .

Weavertown Un., Brumfieldsville. . .H. Y. Harbold - -
Stonersville Union, Stonersville- .. .Charles Kline -.

Allsorts Union, Neversink H. S. Ludwig ..

St. Gabriel's Episc, Douglassville. .S. McElwee . . . .
Faith Lutheran, Mt. Penn George Hartline



138
80

103
96
90
82
95
96
90
60
90
98

1,88«



52



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



0h District — Alsace, Oley, Pike
Name Supt. Members

Oley Union, Spangsville John P. Fisher 143

St. Joseph's Union, Hill Church... D. M. Diener 110

Frieden's Lutheran, Oley J. P. Schell 190

Frieden's Reformed, Oley J. B. Leinbach 238

Zion U. E., Oley I. M. Bertolet 99

Spies's Union, Alsace Tp Charles B. Moyer 220

St. Paul's Union, Lobachsville L. F. Rohrbach 116

Bethany U. E., Manatawny ...Charles L. S'cherer S3



1,199
loth District — Centreport, Centre, West Leesport, Bern
Name Supt. Members

Bern Church Union, Bern Tp Tared L. Snyder 350

White Oak Union, Bern Tp Jared L. Snyder ?9

Meeting House Evang., Bern Tp. ..John Schaurer 55

Epler's Church Union, Bern Tp. ...F. B. Ammarell 147

Belleman's Union, Centre Tp A. D. Bagenstose 131

Bethany U. E., West Leesport Saimuel Bell 62

724

Jith District — Fleetwood, Ruscombmanor, Maiden-Creek, Richmond

Name Supt. Members

S't. John's Union, Pricetown Mrs. u. Web. Brown.... 92

Mennonite Brethren, Blandon Oscar B. Adam 59

St. Paul's Union, Fleetwood C. H. Adam 242

U. E., Fleetwood D. F. Kelchner 175

Bliandon Union, Blandon Jacob Shuman 1S7

Kirbyville Union, Kirbyville Irvin Hoch 55

Center Union, Moselem Springs. .. .Howard Rahn 110

Schlemmsville Union, Molltown. . .B. Adam 97

Walnuttown U-n., near Fleetwood. Matthias Montz S9

St. Stephen's U. E., Virginville. . .William Shappel 90

Sailem U. E., Pricetown Mrs. Catharine Moyer ... 49



1,345
12th District — Mohnion, Cumru, Brecknock
Name Supt. Members

Eshleman's Union, Cumru Charles Griffith 123

Wyomissing Luth., Gouglersville .... Sadie Price 156

Allegheny Union, Knauer's 171

Wyomissing Un., Gouglersville. ... Frank Eckenroth 193

Millmont Baptist, Millmont ,.. Harry Stetler 82

Oakbrook Lutheran. Oakbrook SO

Grace Lutheran, Shillington '..J. S. Nagle 100

Salem Evangelical. Mohnton John Werner 220

Emanuel Reformed, Shillington W. A. Miller 274

Zion's U. E., Mohnton George H. Leininger .... t30

St. John's Lutheran, Mohnton C. B. Kindt 220

Yocum's Union, Grill W. W. Andrews 158

Angelica Union, Cumru H. O. Frey 140

Gebhart's Union, Cumru Henrv Seyfert 132

Five Mile House Union, Cumru... J. White 112

St. Luke's U. E., Shillington C. E. Coller 180



2,771
iSth District — Heading, Muhlenberg
Name Supt. Members

St. Mark's Reformed, Greenwich

and Rjtter D. V. R. Ludwig 1,675

First Reformed, Washington and

Reed Selos R. Barnett 1,384

St. Stephen's Reformed, Ninth

and Greenwich W. D. DeLong 1,266

St. Andrew's Reformed, Spruce

and Miller C. H. Leinbach 1,135

Zion's Reformed, Washington and

Cedar Andrew S. Long 916

St. Paul's Reformed, Sixth above

Washington ..Rev. C. E. Creitz ''56

St. John's Reformed, Ninth and

Chestnut ■ William A. Levan 704

Calvary Reformed, Centre Ave.

a'nd Oley A. V. Casselman 642

St. Thomas' Reformed, Eleventh

and Windsor E. F. Hendricks 610

Second Reformed, Sixth below

Cherry John H. Bridenbaugh . . . 494

Faith Reformed, Bingaman bet.

Fourth and Fifth Dr. D. S. Grim 476

Alsace Grace Reformed, Kutztown

Road George McKently 339

Olivet Refoirmed, Cantre Ave.

and Exeter William Leinbach 180

Temple Reformed, Temple, Pa. Joseph A. Wise 114



St. Luke's Lutheran, N. Ninth

near GreCn Benj. Gruber

Trinity Lutheran, Sixtih and

Washington A. Raymond Bard ..

Grace Lutheran, Eleventh and

Cherry J- C. Holloway 784

St. Tnhn's Lutn., Church and , _ , , ,„„

Walnut A. Bendel 709

Hope Luth., Front and Green- ,.„„,,, „.,

' ^^j^,j, Jacob T. Drumheller .... ool

^'' Elm"'"'^''.' .^"I'lV.' .™.'^ .'"^ ■ C. W. Haug 552

St. Tames Lutli., Fifth and rr^.v,!, nj";

Chestnut Samuel K. linabb 546

St. Mark's Luth., Tenth and

Windsor Henry E. H.lbert 489



Alsace Lutheran, Kutztown Road D. D. Becker 349

St. Paul's Luth., Sixteenth and

Perkiomen P. H. Lash 325

St. John's Mission Luth., Chap-
el Terrace aoove Cotton A. Bendel 106

St. Peter's Luth., No. 931 Doug-
lass A. A. Koser 60

Peace Lutheran, Riverside ^-^^



Covenant, M. E., Ninth and Elm H. J. Printz 584

St. Peter's M. E., Fifth and

Pine F. F. Boas 483

Windsor St., M. E., Front and

Windsor W. H. Morris 482

Holy Cross, M. E., N. Fifth nr.

Buttonwood Walter S. Davis

People's M. E., S. Fourth above

Franklin A. W. Heim

Bethel A. M. E., N. Tenth nr.

Washington T. J. Long 86

People's Primitive M. E., No.

1325 N. Tenth Bert LeSuer 138

East End M. E., No. 1338 N.

Tenth F. C. S. Snyder 70



476
28S



First U. E., Eighth and Court W. H. Hendel 971

S't. Paul's U. E., Moss and

Greenwich William W. Fetter 758

Grace U. E., Sixth and Elm S. N. Walley 407

Trinity U. E., S. Eleventh near

Spruce ••H. J. Heck,

Bethany U. E., Second, and Doug-
lass



275



Salem Evangelical, Eighth near

Court .f William H. Miller, Jr. .. 540

Immanuel Evan., S. Sixth and

Kerper Harry Eisenberg 420

Ebenezer Evan., Ninth near But-

tonwood Walter C. Hoffman 397

Christ Evan., Eleventh snd Rob-
eson R. B. Davis 376

St. Matthew's Evan., Eighteenth

and Cotton George Boyer 218



Salem U. B., Tenth and Spring... F. G. Leiboild 61S

Zion's U. B., Ninth below Penn. .William J. Levan 479'

Memorial U. B., Buttonwood and

McKnight William E. Taylor 401

Otterbein U. B., Eighth and Elm G. Walter Behney 272-

First Baptist, Fifth and Chestnut.. H. G. Kurtz 56S

Berean Baptist, N. Ninth above

Douglass R. A. Raixkin 236

Schyl. Av. Baptist, Schyl Av. nr. . .

Greenwich David H. Wyle 139

Zion Baptist, No. 231 Poplar Mrs. E. D. Harris 67

Shiloh Baptist, No. 126 N. Tenth.. Mrs. Mary Clippent 28

German Baptist, between Green-
wich and Oley Tim Wiess 97



St. Barnabas Epis., Sixth and

Bingaman Ira W. Stratton 251

Christ Episcopal, Fifth and Court. . Thomas P. Merritt 197

St. Mary's Epis., Front and

Windsor XL P. Walter 194

St. Luke's Epis., Robeson and

Mulberry William B. Burk 136

First Presbyterian, Fifth nr.

Franklin H. J. Hayden 348

Olivet Pres., Eighth and Wash-
ington J. R. Mortimer 38S

Washington St. Pres., Mulberry

and Washington Geo, T, Hawkins 130

First Christian, Chris., Chestnut

above Fourth Morris S. Glass



140

Church of Our Father, Univ.,

Franklin above Fourth Samuel F. Guss 114



Mennonite Breth., Men., Tenth
near Oley



1,255
8.86



160

Friendship Mission, Reformed

Evan., Cotton above Tenth. . .Jacob H. Kutz 173



Calvary Mission, Followers of

Christ, Washington nr Second. .Herbert Green 112

People's Mission, Followers of

Christ, Little Gordon Pastor 106

Mifflin St., Followers of Christ,

No. 219 Mifflin Mrs. Rishell 36



Neversink, Interdenom., No. 728

Bingaman A. H. Reist

Temple, Interdenom., Temple, Pa. ..A. H. Reist

.Adventists, Windsor and Hamp-
den



121

60



EDUCATION IN COUNTY



53



Scientists, Christian Science, No.

429 Walnut Lillian D. Wilson



Hinnershitz Union, Reformed

and Luth., Tuckerton William Fisher



Union, Mbhrsville James H. Wagner . .

lion's Union, Windsor Cas-
tle A. F. Baver

Gernant's Union, Leesport Charles L. Kershner

Ebenezer Evangelical, Shoe- . .

.makersville Mrs. Amanda Yoh . .

30,199 Perry Union, Virginville Wilson P. Adam

Evangelical, Leesport , . . Frank W. Adam . . . .



?4
348



169

204
100

85
81

48



I4th District — Sethel, TulpehocketK Upper Tulpehocken
Name Supt. Members

Host Union, Tulpehocken O. F. Oxenreider, W. W. Derr 162

Zion's Union, Strausstown C. A. Unger 191

St John's Reformed, Mt.

Aetna C. P. Klopp 115

U. B., Mt. Aetna John D. Klopp TO

Lutheran, Mt. Aetna John A. Gruber 61

Union, Rehrersburg E. G. Moyer 105

Lutheran, Rehrersburg W. J. Kurr 67

Union, Wintersville Ralph Weber 55

Moll's Union, Upper Tulpe-
hocken L. C. Freeman 52

German Baptist. Crosskill Mills. Ira Gibble 58

Ziegler's Baptist, Rehrersburg. Henry C. Ziegler 72

Merkey's Baptist, Bethel Samuel Sherman 66

Bethel Union, Bethel P. C. Clemme'ns 118

Keener's Union, Tulpehock-
en F. J. Paulus, 50

Schubert's Union, Bethel James R. Roth 46

Merkey's Union, Bethel John Porter 45

1,3^8



1,224



iSth District — Bernville, Jefferson, Penn
Name Supt

Mt Pleasant Ujiion, Mt

FUeasant James O. Kreider ...

Berger's Union, Scull Hill M. J. Potteiger

Jefferson Union, Jefferson Tp. . Daniel Reigel

St. Paul's Union, Jefferson Tp. .James M. Baltheiscr .

Groff's Union, Jefferson Tp. . . Percival Groff

St. Thomas' Union, Bern-
ville Si P. Wilhelra

Frieden's Lutheran, Bernville" J. Paul Burket

Cross Keys Union, Krick's

Mills B. J. Anderson



Members



130

130

I '93

64

75

155
02

100

801)

l6th District — Kutstoum, Maxatawny, Rockland
Name Supt Members

St. John's Reformed, Kutz-

town Clem. J. Stichler 333

St . Paul's Lutheran, Lyons J. A. Stierwalt 140

Christ's Reformed, Bowers J. J. DeLong 101

Zion's Union, Maxatawny Joel Heffner, George C. Her-
mann 250

St Paul's Reformed, Kutz-

towTi .Francis Sharidan 153

Trinity Luth., Kutztown Quinton D. Hermann 274

Union Union, Lyons S. M. Hoch 100

St. John's Lutheran, Kutz-
town Samuel Heffner 224

Grace U. E., Kutztown Thomas S. Levan 92

Christ's Lutheran, Dryville ....Amos F. Breidegam 137

New Jerusalem Reformed,

Rockland A. A. DeLong 109

Bethel Union, Rockland William A. Schwoyer 104

Ruppert's Union, Rockland ....A. F. Ruppert V6

Dryville Union, Rockland A. S. Aungstadt CO

2,153

17th District — Womelsdorf, Heidelberg, Marion, North Heidelberg
Name Supt. Members

Robesonia Reformed, Robe-

sonia J. L. J. Stoudt 174

U. E., Robesonia Jacob B. Putt 45

U. E., Womelsdorf '..A. Bauch 68

Stouchsburg Union, Stouchs-

burg P. W. Gerhart 154

Bethany O. Home Ref., Wom-
elsdorf Wilson T. Moore 152

St. Daniel's Lutheran, Robe-
sonia H. W. Shuler 137

Good Samaritan Union. Wom-
elsdorf C. R. Leinbach 260

Tannery Union, Heidelberg ...Dr. F. F. Massey 08

Hill Union, North Heidel-
berg Thos. J. Zerbe 99

Zion's Lutheran, , Stouchsburg. . E. H. Kline 132

Long's Lutheran, Stouchsburg .A. J. Long 90

-Moyer's Union, Marion Tp Edwin Miller 90



l8th District — Leesport, Ferry, Ontelaunee
Name Supt

Salem U. B., Shoemakers-

ville H. S. Madeira

Trinity Union, Leesport ...... .C. E. Spayd

Union,' Shoemakersville W- K. Smith



1,469

Members

130

.... 323
244



GENERAL SUMMARY



6.2


t4-« tfi

Co


Open

all
Year


Officers

and
Teachers


en

1
■6

t/3


11

s
W


1st


12


12


177


1,599


1,776


2d


8


7


115


807


1,003


3d


11


4


167


965


1,171


4th


12


10


235


1,983


2,278


5th


15


9


365


1,815


2,265


6th


13


10


255


1,731


2,137


7th


12


5


213


1,173


' 1,406


8th


17


17


272


1,563


1.887


9th


8


7


148


990


1,199


lath


6


3


134


590


724


11th


11


6


203


1,042


1,245


12th


16


12


314


2,437


2,771


13th


73


73


2,451


24,089


30,199


14th


16


11


230


1,031


1,326


loth


8


5


178


601


S09


16th


14


10


269


1,829


2,153


17th


12


10


184


1,235


1,459


18th


9


7


167


1,054


1,224


Total


273


217


6,077


46,534


57,032



Sunday Mails. — During the winter of 1829-30,
a great excitement prevailed throughout the coun-
try respecting the transportation of mails on Sun-
days. Attempts had been made by petitions of cer-
tain religious societies to the Congress of the prev-
ious year, to induce legislation on the subject, but
the general remonstrance was so earnest that the
committee of reference reported adversely, inti-
mating that Congress ought not, and could not,
legally exercise the power of legislation on ques-
tions involving religious observance and the rights
of conscience; and these attempts were, renewed
before the Congress then sitting, causing the de-
velopment of great feeling everywhere 'on the sub-
ject.

A large meeting of citizens of the county was
held in the court-house at Reading on Jan. 23, 1830,
for the purpose of uttering a protest against inter-
ference on the one hand or legislation on the other,
and a committee of distinguished citizens was ap-
pointed to draft appropriate resolutions. It was
composed of David F. Gordon, Esq., George M.
Keim, Esq., George Fox, Isaac Ritter and Dr. Wil-
liam J. C. Baum. The attempts to induce legisla-
tion prohibiting the transportation of mail on Sun-
day were disapproved, because it was believed that
such attempts were incipient steps toward the at-
tainment of an object fatal to religious freedom —
the union of civil and ecclesiastical authority in the
same individuals.

Appropriate petitions were circulated, subscribed
by many persons, and these were forwarded to



54



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



Congress ; and this expression of public sentiment
caused the religious movement to cease its agitation
and finally pass away. The transportation of mail
on Sunday was not prohibited, but continued as a
work of necessity.

GENERAL EDUCATION

Early Encouragement. — The first settlers ap-
preciated the importance of education, and encour-
aged it as a means of promoting the general welfare.
They erected churches wherever they had effected
a considerable settlement, and in them they caused
their children to be taught the common branches of
education, such as spelling, reading, writing and
arithmetic. This teaching was influenced to a great
degree by the religious spirit that prevailed amongst
them; indeed, religious principles were considered
a vital part of their education.

During the first settlements and until the passage
of the common school law of 1834, the education
that prevailed throughout the length and breadth
of the county was almost entirely German. The
prevalence of German education was a natural con-
sequence from the great predominance of German
settlers over all other nationalities. In Exeter, Oley,
Maiden-creek, Robeson, and Reading districts, the
Friends were rather numerous, and they established
English schools at an early period, which they con-
tinued for many years.

The first German settlers had brought along teach-
ers and ministers, who were so recognized before
emigration. If there were no minister, the teacher
officiated in both capacities. Some teachers even
practised their trades, such as tailoring or shoemak-
ing, whilst teaching.

A notion has obtained that education was not car-
ried on to any considerable extent in the county at
an early day, and till the adoption of the common
school system, but this is wrong. A good idea can
be obtained from the following extract from a let-
ter, dated Reading, April 9, 1763, addressed by Rev.
Alexander Murray to the secretary of the Venerable
Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign
Parts, stationed in England :

The county for miles around this town is thick peopled,'
but what few else than Germans and Quakers, the former
being computed twelve to one of all other nations together,
and seem to be abundantly well provided in teachers of
one denomination or another, and as long as they are so
blindly attached to their native tongue, as they are at
present, an English minister can be of no great service
to them. For this they might be at no loss for English
school-masters, yet they choose to send their children
rather to German schools, which they have everywhere in
■great plenty.

The Moravians, during their settlement in Oley,
erected two dwellings on land donated to them by
John de Turck. The first was occupied early in
1745 ; and the second in 1748, for school purposes.
In the latter there was a flourishing boarding-school
for several years ; into which were incorporated the
Moravian schools of Germantown and Frederick
township.



On July 31, 1750, a beginning was made to dis-
solve the Moravian school in Frederick township,
by transferring pupils to other schools, and in the
last week of August, 1750, sixteen were transferred
to Oley.

First Teachers. — The following persons were

teachers before 1753:

George Stiefel, John Nicholas Kurtz, and Casper Leut-
becker in Tulpehocken.

Frederick Hoelwig in Longswamp.
John Valentine Krafft in Richmond.
Theodore Schneider in Hereford.
George Youngman in Oley.

In 1743, the following provision was made in
Richmond township toward the encouragement of
teaching :

That it is our most earnest desire that the teacher, as
well as the preacher, sball be fairly compensated so that
he can live with his family as an honest man, without
being obliged to engage in any business foreign to his
profession. To this end the teacher and the preacher
shall have the land and the house on it free, as long as
they officially serve the congregation.

Pay schools were maintained in every district, the
pupils paying several cents a day, according to the
number of branches taught; and this custom pre-
vailed from the beginning until long after the sys-
tem of 1834 had been introduced.

Parochial schools were carried on and encouraged
in connection with churches in the several sections
of the county, being always situated near by. The
preachers, elders and deacons were expected to see
that the teacher maintained good order and that
each pupil received proper attention. The teacher
had to possess a good character, and ability to sing
and teach singing as well as to teach the common
branches.

Charity Schools. — A charitable society was es-
tablished early for the instruction of poor Germans
and their descendants in Pennsylvania. Previous to
1751, certain Reformed ministers who had settled
among the immigrants found them in distress. They
entreated the churches of Holland to commiserate
their unhappy fellow-Christians, and contributions
were sent to these remote parts. In 1751, Holland
and West Friesland granted two thousand guilders
per annum for five years toward instructing the
Germans and their children in Pennsylvania. Great
encouragement was given to this scheme by per-
sons of the first rank in Great Britain, King George
III. having contributed £1,000 toward this object,
and the Princess Dowager of Wales £100; and
the proprietaries engaged to give a considerable
sum every year to promote the undertaking. The
society then adopted certain resolutions "for the
management of the scheme, and proposed a plan
for establishing schools. The Governor of the
Province recognized the utility of the scheme and
appomted a board of trustees for its proper direc-
tion. Conrad Weiser was one of the members of
this board, and Rev. Michael Schlatter was appoint-
ed general supervisor. Petitions from Reading and
Tulpehocken were addressed to the board in the



Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 18 of 227)