Morton L. (Morton Luther) Montgomery.

Historical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. online

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Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 57 of 227)
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Joseph L. Gehris 1904-10

Albert F. East 1904-10

Eleventh Ward

W. H. Chapman 1876-78

Griffith W. Jones 1876-77

John F. Bellemere 1876-78

Samuel M. Guss 1876-78

Frederick Setley 1877-78

James Mendenhall 1878-80

William H. Kelley 1878-80

John G. Kalbach 1878-82

Alfred S. Jones 1878-82

Frank Menges 1880-86

Henry H. Hartman 1880-84

Henry M. Spuhler 1882-83

Jeremiah Seiders 1882-86

Daniel Dillon 1883-84

Adam Filbert 1884-94

Henry H. Jackson 1884-86

Isaac M. Bechtel 1886-89

Calvin S. Gerhard 1886-88

Peres S. Fisher 1886-94

Thomas G. Harper 1888-95

James A. Fisher 1889-98

Alfred Gunkel 1894-1900

Milton J. Miller 1894-98

Charles R. Haman 1895-96

Charles A. Hawk 1896-1910

Urias A. Fisher 1898-1904

Howard G. Becker 1898-1910

Charles P. Saylor 1900-01

Harry M. Laucks 1901-10

George C. Straub 1904-08

Thomas M. Richardson 1908-10

Twelfth Ward

Henry H. Jackson 1886-88

George W. Reisinger 1886-91

Franklin Menges 1886-98

Jeremiah Seiders ' 1886-94

George W. Ketner 1888-92

Henry Stine 1891-92

William R. Kirn .' 1892-96

Jenkin Hill 1892-96

Harry S. Levan 1894-1910

John T. Seiders 1896-1910

Daniel K. Biehl 1896-1904

Albert G. Bauman 1898-1902

Thomas A. Shoemaker 1902-10

Eph. S. Browrlmiller 1904-10

Thirteenth Ward

George C. Suender 1886-90

William B. High 1886-87

Franklin S. Shimer 1886-88

Henry Seibert 1886-88

William A. Mengel 1887-90

H. Bouchat 1888-95

Abr. Whitman 1888-1908

Frederick W. Cranston 1890-93

Llewellyn Gehret 1890-94

Albert J. Frezeman 1892-94

Albert S. Ibach 1894-98

Reuben G. Shalters 1894-98

Wesley B. Marcks 1895-98

Evan C. Wentzel 1898-99

Hiram M. Trout 1898-1902

George J. Trievel 1898-1910

William W. Britten 1899-1900

Charles H. Ramsay 1900-04

William R. Eaches 1903-06



George W. Millmore 1904-08

Huysinga Bouchat 1906-10

Harry C. Wanner : . . .' 190S-10

David J. Moyer 1908-10

Fourteenth Ward

Henry S. Keffer 1893-95

William W. Fetter 1893-99

Daniel E. Schroeder 1893-97

William P. Keim 1893-97

Samuel J. Waid 1895-1910

B. Frank Fink 1897-99

George R. Hoover 1897-1901

Morris Arnold : 1899-1903

John E. Harbster 1899-1901

Frank Bendel : 1901-03

Charles S. Shalters 1901-03

James F. Mohn 1903-07

Joseph E. Hess 1903-05

Walter B. Koch 1903-05

Henry M. Obold 1905-09

John M. Frame 1905-09

C. Clarence Long 1906-10

James A. Kalbach 1909-10

Frank H. Doremus 1909-10

Fifteenth Ward

George W. Wagner 1893-99

David K. Kaufman 1893-99

Charles H. Kiesling 1893-1910

Howard E. Ahrens 1893-1904

Ezra Schmehl 1899-1910

James M. Smith 1899-1910

Robert L. Wilson 1904-09

W. Irvin Renninger 1909-10

Sixteenth Ward

Daniel F. Printz 1895-1901

John B. Houp '. 1895-1900

Samuel H. Fulmer 1895-99

S. E. Ancona 1895-99

Andrew J. Fink, Jr 1899-1904

Frederick C. Printz 1899-1907

John H. Giles .• 1900-10

N. Robert Tomlinson 1901-04

John E. Clouser ' 1904-10

David C. Lotz 1904-10

Nevin M. Davis* 1907-09



The following persons have been officers of the
board' from 1865 to the present time :

PRESIDENTS
Name Term

J. K. McCurdjf 1865-67

John S. Richards 1867-73

Henry S. Eckert 1872-88

J. Howard Jacdbs 1888-90

S. E. Ancona 1890-93

E. A. Howell 1893-97

George W. Wagner 1897-98

J. Edward Wahner 1898-99 ; 1905-10

B. F. Hunsicker 1899-1905

SECRETARIES
Name Term

Lewis Briner 1865-67

John L. Barnes 1867-70

Charles Scull 1870-72

Thomas Severn 1872-73

William M. Rightmyer 1873-77

A. J. Darlington 1877

Harrison Shultz 1877-79

James M. Lyon 1879-92

Francis Roland', Jr 1892-1910

* Died April 11, 1909, and Bohlke Luersson appointed successor.



234



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA



TREASURERS ,

Name Term

James Bell 1865-06

Matthias Mengel 1866-68

Peter Jones 1868-69

William Ermentrout 1869-77

Levi H. Liess ,. . . . 1877-80

Ephraim Armstrong 1880-92

James M. Lyons 1892-94

Albert R. Hoover 1894-1900

John B. Renninger 1900-10

CITY SUPERINTENDENTS

In 1867 the school directors of cities containing
a population exceeding 10,000 were authorized to
elect a city superintendent of the common schools
for the term of three years. The directors oi
Reading elected the first superintendent in 1867,
Thence, till now, the superintendents have been :

Name Term

John L. Barnes 1867-69

Thomas Severn 1869-78

Robert K. Buehrle 1878-80

David B. Brunner 1880-81

Samuel A. Baer 1881-84; 1889-96

Joseph T. Valentine 1884-85

Thomas M. Balliet 1885-88

Z. X. Snyder 1888-89

Ebenezer Mackey 1896-1903

Charles S. Foos 1902-10

MEAT AND MILK INSPECTOR

A new office was established by councils on Feb.
4, 1909, for the inspection of meat and milk, and
the mayor selected as the first appointee Dr. George
R. Fetherolf, a resident veterinary surgeon for
ten years and a graduate of the Ontario Veterinary
College. His legal authority extends throughout
the city and into the surrounding district for twenty
miles for the purpose of inspecting all butcher-shops
and dairy farms which furnish meat or milk to
consumers in Reading.

CENSUS
The first correct enumeration of the population
of Reading was made by the national government
in 1790 ; and subsequently every ten years. The
numbers at the several periods whilst Reading was
a borough were as follows :

1790 2,335 1820 4,332

1800 3,386 1830 5,856

1810 3.463 1840 8,410

CENSUS ENUMERATION— 1850-1900



Ward 1 1850 | 1860


1870


1880 ■.


1890


1900


]st

2d


2,963
3,774
3,165
3,204
2,038


4,019
4,189
4,905
5,760
4,389


3,834
5,530
3,732
3,611
3,305
3,763
3,541
3,690
6,034


3,044
5,553
4.455
3,836
3,399
3,763
4,130
3,874
4,206
3,834
5,195


3,694
5,947
4,665
3,758
3,467
5,977
5,185
4,403
4,800
6,156
3,899
4,110
3,600


3,993
6 656


3d

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

9th

10th

nth

12th

13th

14th

15th

16th


4,717
3,631
3,433
8,011
3,861
3,789
5,454
4,759
5,460
6,617
6,811
4,005
3,874
4,911




15,743


33,163 33,930


43,378


58.661


78,963



Sexes of Population. — The population of Read-
ing by sexes was as follows :

Male Female

1830 2,785 2,846

1840 4,098 4,837

1850 7,760 7,983

1860 11,183 11,979

1870 16,535 17.405

1880 21,099 32,179

1890 39,126 39,535

1900 39,128 39,833

Population North and Soutpi of Penn
Street. — By the following table it appears that
the major part of the population of Reading was
south of Penn street from 1840 to 1880; and by
averaging the increase from 1880 to 1890, it is
evident that the major part had shifted north of
Penn street in the year 1882.



1 1840 1 1850 1 I860 1 1870 | 1880 | 1890 i 1900


South
Xorth


4,991
3,419


9,901
5.842


13,113
10,049


17,912
16,018


33,111
31,167


26,687
31,974


31,080
47,881


1 1,573| 4,059| 3,064| 1,894| 944| |



Colored Population. — The colored population
at Reading since 1830, by the United States census
enumeration, has been as follows: 1830 — 192; 1840
—221; 1850—357; 1860—285; 1870—311; 1880—
350; 1890—390; 1900—534.

Gctc Enumeration. — In 1847, J. Lawrence Getz,
publisher of the Reading Gazette and Democrat,
made an enumeration of the population at Read-
ing, with the following result ; M-ales, 6,641 ; fe-
males, 6,403; total, 13,044; houses, 2,138; families,
2,398. There were then nearly twice as many per-
sons south of Penn street as there were north.

Lez'an Enumcratioii. — In 1877, Edgar M. Levan,
an attorney at Reading, published a directory of
the city. While registering the names of the in-
habitants, he collected interesting facts, showing
the number and sex of the population, stores,
dvv'ellings, etc., with the following result:

j\Iales over 21 years, 9,765; under 21 years, 9,-
787; females over 21 years, 10,784; under '21 years,
9,773: total, -10,109; stores, 1,044; dwellings, 8,186;
manufactories, 117. Number of persons to each
inhabited dwelling, 5.19.

Comparative Statistics. — The following statis-
tics are submitted to show the relative growth of
Reading as compared with the country districts
of Berks county at three different periods.



Reading


1856


1885


1908


Taxables
Property assessed
Money at interest


4.094

$4,011,763

380,853


13,279

$23,780;222

5,049,482


35,414

$53,724,600

13,434,847


Country Districts


1856


1885


1908


Taxables

Property assessed
Money at interest


13,480

$19,691,1:20

2,020,575


20,879

$40,806,570

8.741.821


31,337

$40,545,193

8,977.903



Assessment for 1898.— The city assessors of
Reading made an assessment of property in the
several wards from September to December, 1897,
which was revised by city councils from January
to March, 1898, with the following result : "



READING



235



Wards


1
n


o
>


Property
Assessed


II


1st


1,272
1,992
1,600
1,040
1,173
2,291
1,887
1,269
1,661
1,524
1,742
1,805
1,899
1.126
931
1,227


983

1,407

1,306

682

881

1,874

1,079

996

1,381

1,100

1,319

1,606

1,450

872

659

1,048


$ 2,046,200
2,311,500
3,682.000
3,370,250
2,074,300
3,688,225 ■
5,266,100
2,902,550
2,144,100
1,270,300
1,773,300
2,277,875
2,345,850
2,806,808
1,957,291
2,168,884


$ 250,400

30,000

357,700

238,500

42,000

88,000

1,101,000

499,500


2d


3d


4th


5th

6th


7th


8th


9th


342,800
76 800


10th


11th


192,400
443,800
244,800
187,650
149,600
451,700


12th


13th


14th


15th

16th




Total


24,439 1 18,643


$42,085,533 | $4,696,650



The property exempted from local taxation em-
braces all churches, parsonages, school-houses, pub-
lic buildings, charitable institutions, and corpora-
tion buildings not including establishments that pro-
duce revenue.



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, NOV. 3, 1908

Taft
Rep.

1st Ward, 1st Precinct 154

2d Precinct 135

3d Precinct 130

2d Ward, 1st Precinct 57

2d Precinct 75

3d Precinct 64

4th Precinct 128

3d Ward, 1st Precinct 143

2d Precinct .,..188

3d Precinct 129

4th Ward, 295



Bryan

Dem.

75

75

66

79

104

69

140

140

205

84

156



5th Ward, 1st Precinct 163 127

2d Precinct 127 50

6th Ward, 1st Precinct 128 71

2d Precinct '204 141

3d Precinct 181 244

4th Precinct 97 61

5th Precinct 73 86

7th Ward, 1st Precinct 174 112

2d Precinct 299 126

8th Ward, 1st Precinct 176 133

2d Precinct 217 183

9th Ward, 1st Precinct 78 122

2d Precinct 93 123

3d Precinct 79 133

4th Precinct 80 240

10th Ward. 1st Precinct 138 195

2d Precinct 198 309

11th Ward, 1st Precinct 149 161

2d Precinct 110 335

3d Precinct 122 151

12th Ward, ^st Precinct 118 93

3d Precinct 133 169

3d Precinct 303 364

4th Precinct 132 134

13th Ward, 1st Precinct .° 143 140

2d Precinct 200 175

3d Precinct ; 323 309

4th Precinct 170 197

14th Ward, 1st Precinct 169 57

3d Precinct 135 75

3d Precinct 51 40

4th Precinct 225 116

15th Ward, 1st Precinct 149 156

2d Precinct 43 44

3d Precinct 285 136

4th Precinct 269 Sl.^i

' 5th Precinct 121 92

16th Ward, 1st Precinct 150 131

2d Precinct 250 140

3d Precinct 172 176

Totals 7,825 6,959

Taft's plurality 866

Roosevelt's plurality over Parker in 1904 3,369



TABLE OF STATISTICS*



Property

READING Taxables Real Estate Real Estate Taxable

Exempt Taxed by County

1st Ward 1,436 $ 395,500 $ 1,855,550 $1,983,650

2d Ward 2,235 44,800 2,292,500 2,497,475

3d Ward 1,826 2.799,200 3,386,400 3,486,100

4th Ward 966 423,000 3,621,050 3,757,600

5th Ward 1,161 20,000 1,763,325 . 1,883,465

6th. Ward 3,373 93,700 3,660,000 3,993,520

7th Ward 1,714 1,260.000 5,463,825 5,737,250

8th Ward 1,567 697,400 2,792,435 2,963,875

9th Ward 1,945 390,000 2,078,275 3,269,080

10th Ward 1,827 97,000 1,230,820 1,389,055

11th Ward 1,921 172,700 1,817,395 1,992,440

12th Ward 2,698 104,000 2.392,850 2,645,375

13th Ward 4,761 338,450 4,004,490 4,409,180

14th Ward 3,476 348,500 4,170,440 4,445,990

15th Ward 3,315 , 264,000 3.823,650 4,160,500

16th Ward 3,303 ' 507,400 2,660,145 2,884,445

Total for City 35,414 $7,845,650 $46,913,150 $50,488,000

County 31,337 2,835,846 37,709,346 41,807,680

Total for County 66,751 $10,681;496 $84,622,496 $93,395,680

Horses, 2,266 ; assessed at $150,010. Cows, 32 ; assessed at $1,200.
♦Assessment reported by County Commissioners to State, August, 1908.



Tax


Money


Levied


at Interest


$ 5,948


$ 754,338


7,492


126,085


10,458


816,515


11,273


1,781,995


5,650


600,422


11,981


384,732


17,182


4,626,043


8,893


573,006


6,807


187,845


4,167


91,115


5,977


95,633


7,936


170,432


13,228


170,600


13,338


2,143,325


12,481


300.012


8,653


613,751


$151,463


$13,434,847


125,476


8,977,902


$276,939


$33,413,749



236



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT— 1898



Not including exempted real estate, $4,696,650.



** One-fifth valuation.





Popula-
tion


Taxa-
bles


Property
Assessment


Total
Debt


Tax Rate in Mills




City


School


County


Allentovvn


35,000
30,000
40,000
16,000
60,000
73,000
106,000
55,000
33,000


9,000

4,738
13,750
34,439
38,789
11,200

7,000 •


$19,500,000

11,000,000

15,416,646

8,680,000

24,000,000

*42,085,533

33,452,916

**7,000,000

9,150,060


$ 433,200
305,900
044,500
267,600
1,000,000
1,352,500
579,538
464,500
729,500


31

6J

9

4i

7

6
13.8
23
15


6
6
4

31
6
4
4
18
7


24


Easton


2.8


Lancaster


3


Lebanon


2




4


Reading ....


2i


Scranton


7


Wilkes-Barre


7


Williamsport


5



NUMBER OF BUILDINGS

Statement showing number of buildings in Reading
Dec. 31, 1908:

Brick buildings 18,993

Stone buildings 1,552

Iron and frame 2,195

Iron 402

Cement 37

Grand total; 33,179

The following statement gives a comparative list of the
buildings erected during 1907 and 1908 :

(D

t^ 00 o ■;; Pi OO

WARDS "q 4-. S i 1^.51

V M j; „- „- O S^ bo

^"C ■ c ^

S 'u p (V 'o o 6 - -

t/3 m ^^5 U H H ^

1st 6 1 13 7 1,014

2d 2 4 6 10 1,510

3d 1 3 1 4 8 1,218

4th 1 2 3 13 1,009

5th 4 4 4 1,003

6th 9 13 9 31 50 3,526

7th 7 7 3 1 17 3 1,171

8th 4 4 1 9 5 934

9th 2 4 6 37 1,356

10th 10 4 14 20 1,169

11th 17 2 3 21 46 1,376

13th 3 4 6 37 1,643

13th 2 8 11 1 S3 139 2,326

14th 2 1 2 5 102 1,508

15th 19 3 5 1 27 153 1,881

16th 2 14 4 1 21 156 1,546

Total 48 95 59 7 209 790 33,179

BUILDINGS, 1908

Statement showing the amount of money invested in the
construction of buildings in the several wards in the city
during 1908 :

1st Ward $ 20,400

3d Ward 8,775



3d Ward 13,900

4th Ward 30,150

5th Ward 17,500

6th Ward 114,850

7th Ward 64,700

8th Ward 10,650

9th Ward 3,800

10th Ward 30,935

11th Ward 37,500

12th Ward 6,750

13th Ward 19,450

14th Ward 7,550

15th Ward 58,750

16th Ward 36,300



Grand Total $459,950



LIQUOR LICENSES FOR 1909



1st Ward 5

2d Ward 17

3d Ward 19

4th Ward 11

5th Ward lo

6th Ward 14

7th Ward 25

Sth Ward 13

9th Ward 15



10th Ward 4

11th Ward 9

13th Ward 7

13th Ward 13

14th Ward 3

15th Ward 4

16th Ward 5

174



In Boroughs 49

In Townships gj

Total 314

Variety and Value of Industries in 1900. —
The great extent, variety and value of the indus-
trial affairs at Reading in 1900 are exhibited in the
accompanying, comprehensive table. The inforhia-
tion was secured and published by the Census
Department of the United States Government, and
it is the first time that this important subject re-
ceived so much attention at Reading, showing the
exiact situation as it then existed. It is extremely
valuable for reference.



READING



237



Nature of Industries, 1900



M



I
W






feW



J3 fc!



u






3

■a
o



3



Bicycles •.

Bicycle Repairs

Blacksmiths and Wheelwrights.

Book-binding

Boot and Shoe Repairs

Bottling . . ,

Boxes — Cigar

Paper

Brass Castings

Bakeries

Breweries

Brick and Tile

Brooms and Brushes

Carpenter Shops

Carpet Works

Carriages and Wagons

Car Shops

Cigar Factories and Tobacco. . .

Clothing Factories — Men's . . . .

Women's . .

Clothing, Custom — Men's

Women's. . .

Coffee and Spice Roasting

Confectionery

Dyeing

Electrical Construction

Foundry and Machine

Furniture, etc

Hats — ^Fur

Wool

Hardware

Hosiery . . '.

Iron and Steel

Ironwork — Architectural

Jewelry

Lime and Cement

Marble Works

Masonry — Brick and Stone....

Millinery

Newspapers

Optical Works ".

Painters and Paper Hangers..

Paint Works

Paper Factories

Pattern-makers

Picture Frames

Paving Materials

Photography

Planing Mills

Plastering

Plumbing, etc

Pottery and Terra Cotta

Printing

Roofing ;

Saddleries

Shirts

Tin and Copper Smiths

Other Industries



4

7

27

3

52

6

3

5

3

51

6

3

7

47

8

12

4

76

4

5

41

11

3

21

4

6

27

14

3

4

4

31

7

4

22

3

15

14

11

10

3

45

5

3

4

4

9

9

5

8

25

3

17

8

7

5

38

67



354

7

27

14

12

28

35

26

15

213

119

19

35

367

5

203

1,963

526

46

4

129

4

3

191

21

13

1,565

18

498

157

1,380

183

3,733

49

•25

5

108

275

81

147

14

167

21

90

5

7

'57

30

146

40

138

84

54

43

15

3

82

1,056



26

19
3

35
66

3
5



541
114

39
185

50

111



198

104

80

1,184



14
126



3
39



17



71
675



27



4
19



41

12

6

1

26



35

34

237

300



1

197



656,816

7,276

21,640

37,100

21,065

63,150

67,030

66,109

81,763

284,713

1,032,510

9,750

27,550

194,492

11,425

443.731

2,069,203

750,497

185,292

18,465

336,094

9,850

12,158

164,191

36,771

15,311

2,799.240

28,326

623,408

450,149

1,734,544

710,128

8,132,619

50.663

34,326

950

169,045

87,903

64,547

391,723

268,090

99.273

154,776

549,913

7,517

9,675

11,911

49,287

178,949

12,170

125,583

248,815

. 121,607

24,945

25,235

41,456

158,281

4,154,734



$ 165,106

3,508

13,721

10,671

6,642

12,478

19,892

37,444

9.170

104,413

66,361

7,887

13,805

132,190

1,910

83,115

1,045,675

431,775

53,583

12,013

111.504

15,109

1,728

71,076

9,050

6,805

681,574

9,272

283,000

136,558

600,861

390,857

1,613,011

31,299

15,735

1,605

55,788

139,945

26,136

88,999

34,640

75,671

9,484

52,031

1,738

3,778

19.353

16,354

69,467

18,179

58,808

27,011

27.485

19,995

6,116

16,905

37,585

585,300



■ 816,332

16,306

48,318

26,071

57,526

88,541

104,456

99,544

34,503

501,197

881,665

17,525

73,604

^82,571

13,529

307,859

6,315,128

1,683,466

359,771

55,341

407,149

30,869

24,761

420,169

32,942

61,163

2,437,355

37,010

1,133,688

328,150

1,611,268

1,326,397

9,530,286

113,267

46,327

6,100

148,217

314,184

163,102

309,266

184.770

208,786

168,846

429,305

7,61'J-

11,195

57,837

52,116

302,339

43,966

249,163

105,128

99,447

73,725

28,261

76,155

300,746

3,682,006



Reading, 1900 | 843



34,443



Reading, 1890 | 435



3,706 I 955 I $27,975,628 | $7,544,950 | $36,902,511



I



I 14,083.374 1 4,780,470 | 20,855.165



238



HISTORY OF BERKS COUNTY. PENNSYLVANIA



Other Industries
Other industries of Reading in 1900, as enumerated by
the U. S. Census, were as follows :



Artificial Feathers and

Flowers 1

Bags — Paper 2

Baskets and Willow Ware 2

Boots & Shoes — Factory. 1

Boxes — Wood Packing.. 1

Brassware 1

Carriage and Wagon

Material 1

Cars— Street Ry., etc.... 2

Cheese & Butter 2

Condensed Milk 1

Cordage & Twine 1



Cotton Goods 1

Cotton Small Wares 1

Cutlery & Edge Tools ... 1

Dveing and Cleaning.... 1

Electroplating 1

Fancy Articles 1

Flour-mill 1

Food Preparations 1

Furnishing Goods for

Men 1

Gas Illuminating 1

Glass 1

Glass, Ornamental, etc. . . 1



Grease and Tallow 1

Hairwork 1

Hand Stamps 1

riats and Caps 3

House Furnishing Goods. 2

Ice 1

Iron Bolts and Nuts 1

Iron and Steel Forgings. . 1
Lamps and Reflectors.... 1

Leather Curried, etc 1

Lock and Gun Smith .... 1

Malt 1

Mattress 1

Mirrors 1

Patent Medicines 1

Photolithographing, etc. 1



Regalia and Society

Banners 1

Sewing Machine Repairs. 1

Silk Mill 1

Slaughtering and Meat

Packing 1

Soap 1

Stereotyping, etc 1

Tobacco, Chewing, etc. . . 2

Toys and ^ Games 1

Trunks and Valises 1

Umbrellas 1

Washing Machines 1

Window Shades 1

Wire-rope, Cable, etc.... 1

Wood Carving' 1

Woolen Goods 1



CHAPTER XI -BOROUGHS



ERECTION

The county of Berks was erected in 1752. All
the districts in the county at that time were town-
ships, the simplest form of local government, and
it was not until 1783 that the first borough was
established. This was Reading, the county-seat,
and it was erected by a special Act of Assembly.
The next was Kutztown, in 1S15, situated six-
teen miles northeast froan Reading, and the third
was Womelsdorf, in 1833, fourteen miles west
from Reading ; which were also established by Act
of Assembly.

In 1834, the State Legislature empowered the
courts of Quarter Sessions of the several coun-
ties, with the concurrence of a grand jury, to es-
tablish boroughs, but the territory to be set apart
was to include three hundred inhabitants ; this
was modified by the Act of 1851, since when appli-
cation and decree have been made without regard
to population. From that time, the boroughs in
the county have been established in this manner,
and until 1909, fifteen additional boroughs have
been created.

Reading was advanced to a city in 1847, but
no other borough in the county has been similarly
advanced.

The boroughs are seventeen in number. The
following table shows their names, when estab-
lished, the taxables, the voters and assessment of
property. Other facts might be mentioned in con-
nection with the several boroughs, especially of
an industrial nature, but they have been omitted
to avoid repetition, because they are mentioned
in the sketches of resident patrons of this work.

General statistical information relating to the
boroughs will be found in the tables which include
the whole county, in Chapter IX.



COMPARATR'E TABLE— 1908



Boroughs
Eastern Division


•3

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o


CJ




CO
U

o

>


s

Ul

en
OJ
en
en

<


Kutztown


1779
1779
1835
1800
1859
18.54
1852
1800


1815
1837
1866
1873
1875
1887
1890
1902


658
912
761
497
,297
55
77
277


486
675
592
364
219
46
119
200


$ 793,175
951,910
1,188,444
609,514
347,250
65,410
137,485
426,705


Hamburg


Bovertown


Fleetwood *

Topton


Lenhartsville

Bechtelsville

Mount Penn **



Western Diinsion

Womelsdorf

Bernville

Birdsboro

Centreport

West Leesport

Wyomissing

West Reading

Mohnton

Sbillingtonf

* Formerly Coxtovvn.
** Formerly Dengler's-

t May, 1909.



1762


1833


608


375


552,439


1819


1851


151


111


135,310


1760


1872


885


731


1,246,204


1868


1884


48


32


48,910


1842


1901


189


136


154,275


1896


1906


626


205


774,809


1873


1907


598


483


658,725


1850


1907


495


405


338,910


1860


1908


461


387


431,765



INDUSTRIES

CiG.AES. — ^The manufacture of cigars is a large
industry in all parts of the county. Nearly one
hundred establishments are carried on in the coun-
try districts, almost wholly in the boroughs. The
largest plants, producing over 500,000 annually,
are :

Christian Brothers, in Womelsdorf.

John J. Eshelman, in Mohnton.

Otto Eisenlohr & Bro., in Boyertown.

H. F. Fidler, in Womelsdorf.

George Gruber, in Stouchsburg.

W. H. Goodman, in Millersburg.



BOROUGHS



239



Henry Hackman, in Womelsdorf.

Kramer Brothers, in Shillingjton.

C. S. Peiffer, in Stouchsburg.

Pioneer Union Cigar Company, in Shillington.

John J. Seiz, in Stony Creek.

A. S. Valentine & Son, in Womelsdorf.

C. M. Yetter, in Shillington.



The



STATEMENT OF BANKS
following statement exhibits the financial



tion of the banks in the boroughs in November,



condi-
1908.





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Online LibraryMorton L. (Morton Luther) MontgomeryHistorical and biographical annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, embracing a concise history of the county and a genealogical and biographical record of representative families, comp. by Morton L. Montgomery .. → online text (page 57 of 227)