Mrs. Belle McKinney Hays Swope.

History of the families of McKinney-Brady-Quigley online

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In presenting- a liistory of the McKinney-Brady-Quigley
families, we are assureci we have fcRind and preserved all
genealogical data relating to their early settlement in this
country, and have traced their descent, with the allied:
branches of each, to the present time.

We regret that our researches in other lands fail to estab-
lish a positive ancestral line antedating the Scotch-Irish
immigration to America. We have laboriously worked
to secure each date of birth, marriage and death. In some
instances records have been lost, and where graves are un-
marked it has been impossible to determine such facts.
In a few instances the author endeavored to secure infor-
mation and unanswered letters bore witness to an utter lack
of interest on the part of the persons addressed. If errors
occur in dates they are due to indistinct penmanship
O'f correspondents. Amidst discouragements that haunt
the footsteps of tiie persevering genealogist we have un-
tangled the threads of mystery and woven into historical
record a condensed account of our ancestr/ which we offer
to those v/ho venerate the memory of their forefathers. To
the Rev. Thomas H. Robinson, of Harrisburg, Penna.,
we are indebted for the use of dates copied from his "His-
tory of the Robinson Family", and to Mrs. A. I. Rob-
ertson, artist, of Columbia, S. C, who spends her winters in
Washington, D. C, painting Arms and lecturing on


Newville, Penna.


In our search for knowledge and the acquirement of
learning, we naturally ask whence we came, and to a few
interested in genealogical lore, belongs the duty of leading
others to the light. The history of all men bearing the im-
press of the Scotch and Irish nationalities, is probably our
history, and the same origin is a common heritage.

The facts and traditions regarding the progenitors of
our race, are linked very closely with the conquest of Ire-
land by the English. In 1166 Pope Adrian gave a grant
to the English, based on two conditions — that their govern-
ment must assert its sovereignty, and that the present Pope
and each successor should have an annual income of one
penny from each Irish family. From this we learn of
"Peter's pence."

Not easy to subdue was the sturdy Irishman, and
rather than submit to English rule, he was reduced to
abject poverty and wretchedness. /

It was only when the Scottish James about 15 12 Ire-
sorted to the ancient Roman policy of confiscation that the
inhabitants of Ulster were conquered.

The province of Ulster, the most northern in Ireland,
had been the most prosperous and highly civilized during
two centuries, and its soil was rich and productive. A re-
bellion among the Catholics of the northern climes, resulted
in the confiscation of the six counties of Ulster, embracing
half a million acres of land, and James I induced the
gentry of Scotland to settle on this forfeited territory.
The land, which lay waste from the recent invasions, was
divided into shares, the largest of wliich was two thousand
acres. The natives were driven from the hills, and pitched

their teiits upoii the plains. They were crude and turbu-
lent and the Scottish tenants brought with them a type of
humanity unknown to them, who in interaiarnage combined
many admirable traits of character, which have not dis-
appeared from their descendants. One of the six counties
of Ulster was Londonderry, from whence many of our
earlv emigrants came. . .

Of what good, brave blood these Scottish colonists
were made, their deeds and future history clearly shows,
and from the date of their settlement in Ireland, they have
been known as the Scotch-Irish.

These people, who had so heroically battled for liberty
■ of conscience amidst the beauty of their own country,
established their schools and churches — one in race and re-
ligion with the nation of Scotland, but entirely and totally
different from the Irish.

In 1689 the city of Londonderry was a city of twenty-
seven thousand, and the counties of Ulster were propor-
tionately prosperous, but the Irish Catholics were loyal to
their faith, and oppressing the Protestants of Ulster, who
were staunch Presbyterians, was a source of satisfaction to
them . Under William and Mary they did not enjoy the
freedom of religious liberty and were hated by Catholics
and English Episcopalians alike. When in 1716 a son
of one of their leading clergymen returned from America
with glowing descriptions of the peace enjoyed in the new-
land, a furor of anticipation arose, and four pastors with
their four entire congregations crossed the sea. From
that time forth, a steady tide of fortune, brought to our
shores, those who being oppressed by tyrannical rule, and
longing for a country free from church and state intoler-
ance, sought a friendly shelter here, with the wide stretches
of the ocean beteween them and their profligate oppressors.
Under the sting of tyrannism they lost none of the whole-
some truths of good citizenship, and gave to their children a
mine of wealth in their examples of fidelity.

It is claimed that the destiny of a nation depends upon
the character of her first settlers. The Scotch-Irish were
coairageous. and Dr. Macintosh speaks of them at this day
as akin to the New Englander in traits and history. "If
the Scotch-Irish and the New Englander should be opposed

to each other the result would proljably afford an oppor-
tunity for the solution of that problem which has vexed the
souls of philosophers. If an irresistible body meets an
immovable ol)ject, what would be the result?" They were
firm and resolute, strong in defense of the right, and equally
detennined in denouncement of the wrong. "They feared
God and loved their fellow men as far as it was expedient."

They were able bodied and strong minded. They had
resolute convictions and the courage to defend them. As
some one has wittingly said "The Scotchman knows a good
thing when he sees it, and when he sees it he sticks to it,"
so in founding a home in our country they laid a sure foun-
dation on which rested the fate of a nation. The love of
freedom was inborn in every heart. . When they were
weighed l)eneath the sting of an English sovereign, they
lived in the steadfast hope of release, and when the strug-
gle for independence came, they w^ere the prime movers in
the cause, pushetl first to the "front, a father's example to
guide them, a mother's prayer to lead them to victory.
And theirs was the courage which wins. They knew how-
to fight and did it without flinching. They did their duty
though it cost a brother's blood. Yet nowhere was affection
so beautifully interwoven with bravery.

"The bravest are the tenderest.

The loving are the daring."

"The face of the Scotch-Irishman was, and is, always
towards the coming day." In the past he does not live and
In the hope of achievement he has a firm belief. It is
claimed that from the Irish we inherit our muscle, and the
Scotch have given us our hearts. The combination has led
armies to battle, and kept pure and true the home love.
"Nowhere beats the heart so kindly, as beneath the tartan

The art of learning has developed the sound judgment
and clear reasoning power of the scholar, with the cultured
sense of humor, which comes as an inheritance from the
Irish forefathers who lived in an atmosphere of kindly wit-
ticism and good cheer, and which kept many a heart from

Our ancestors had the most profoinid respect for law.
Not (Mil)' did they wish to have a civil government, but a

code of laws in the family were essential to correct ways
of living. Everything must be in subjection to something-
else. Control was the basis of the principles that governed
the making of the national constitution, as well as the
sacred doctrine which proved the best and most effective
methods for the chastisement of children. They were a
progressive and farseeing race. The wit who claims that
the "Scotch-Irishman not only keeps the ten command-
ments, but anything else he puts his hands on," has touched
the keynote of his intellectual progression. He is not satisfied
with a fact, but delves into the why and wherefore of the
case, and turns stone after stone, until he has not only
solved the problem, but so firmly fixed the solution in the
storehouse of i - :moTy, that it never leaves its abiding place.
He grasps a truth wdth true-hearted A^igor, reaches his
hands across an enig-matical space, to search an unexplored
and mysterious realm for something that lies unfathomed
and musty, with the rust of ages seaming its depths. Un-
tried and unknow'n may be the region of science into w^hich
he peers, yet master it he can and will, and once locked in
his brain and cherished in his bosom, the knowdedge gained
is his, and only wdien time erases the glory of things ma-
terial, will it be forgotten.

The gift of imparting to others is a heritage of wealth
to the race. Nothing more beautiful in our ancestral tradi-
tions has been given us, than the sweet earnestness of the
Scottish mother, in the soft accents of her musical tongue,
telling the child of the w^ay of salvation, and bending o'er
the kneeling form of her boy, breathing a mother's bene-
diction; sending him to his childish playground, or seeing
him manfully march to the field of battle, with the same
prayer on her lips, the same trustfulness in her heart.

He is true to his colours, faithful to his instincts of man-
hood, he drinks from the same cup of unadulterated loyalty
his fathers drank, and passes on to his children the refining
principles of noble living, and honorable dealings with
fellowmen. Loyal to his country and his kindred" has he
ever been. No small sacrifice was his, when he left the hills
and glens of Scotland, where among the heather his clan
was wont to meet; again they left their firesides and sought
a new home in America, wdiere sacrifice after sacrifice was

made to make the nation what she is to-day. As loyal here,
as when he answered to the call of the gathering of the
clan, in the faraway land of his childhood, he deserves a
place in history, and in the annals of the three families men-
tioned in this volume, we pay our tribute of love and respect
to those whose names we bear, and whose memories we
honour. We are proud to lay claim to such ancestr};, and
endeavor to walk worthy of our descent.

The earliest Scotch-Irish settlements in Pennsylvania
were made from 1720 to 1730 and the unauthorized attempt
to trespass on the property of the Indians caused violent
disputes and dangerous warfare, resulting in bloodshed.
"Deeds were obtained on several occasions during the years
1 682- 1 700 for lands lying between the Delaware and Po-
tomac rivers and south of the South Mountains. In 1696
a purchase was effected through Governor Dongan, of New
York, in consideration of one hundred pounds sterling" of
all that tract of land lying on both sides of the river Sus-
quehanna and the lakes adjacent, in or near the province
of Pennsylvania." Dissension arose, however, regarding"
the wording of the treaty and accordingly the chiefs of the
Six Nations met October 11, 1736, in Philadelphia and
revived all past treaties of friendship, and conveyed to the
Penns and their heirs "all the said river Susquehanna with
the lands lying on both sides thereof, to extend eastward as
far as the heads of the branches or springs which run into
the said Susquehanna, and all the land lying on the west
side of the Susquehanna to the setting of the sun, and to
extend from the mouth of the said river northward, up the
same to the hills or mountain called in the language of the
said nations Tayamentasachata, and by the Delaware In-
dians the Kekachtannin hills." This deed comprised all the
beautiful stretch oi country now known as the Cumberland
Valley. The settlements prior to this treaty gave rise to
the complaints of the Shawanese or more familiarly called
Shawnees. Along the Conodoguinet creek the settlers had
partially conciliated the red man and for a number of years
there were no serious outbreaks. Along this stream came
the Shawnees from Florida at an early date, and were re-
duced in numbers by their war with the Moscheko nation.
A great majority passed on to Ohio, but many becoming


friendly with the Susquehanna Indians were allowed by
them and William Penn to occupy with the Delawares the
tract west of the river along the creek, where until a late
day there were groups of wigwams and the squaw and
papoose basked in the sunlight and the warriors lay along
the bank fishing. Shad were abundant and to the indolent
red man of the forest a source of subsistence easily secured.

After Franklin's treaty with the Indians at Carlisle in
1753 a discussion arose again as to the rights of the Shaw-
nees along the Conodoguinet, they claiming that a proper
treaty was never taken out. However, no compensation be-
ing made to them, they removed in disgust and disap-
proval from the neighborhod, putting themselves under the
protection of the French, and gave the colonists great cause
for alarm, because of their hostility and hatred during the
French and Indian War of 1752-60. The French began
their work of alienating the Shawnees as far back as 1730,
when the early settler w-as using every means to gain their
friendship. Finally, the provincial government being hard
pressed for presents to keep the Indians peaceable, and en-
countering difficulty in maintaining a line of frontier defense
against French incursions, appealed to England and war
was declared and for a long time the life of the white set-
tler was valueless l>eneath the tomahawk, and his existence
a reign of terror.

Forts w-ere built along the Conodoguinet at different
points, and to these places of refuge the women and children
were taken, while the husbands and fathers strove to protect
them and save their lives. The inhabitants being Scotch-Irish
and naturally aggressive, entered heartily into the military
spirit and a number of companies were formed in the
county, the officers being chosen by the people and com-
missioned by the governor. During the period from 1745
to 1753 no invasion of what is now Cumberland county
occurred and no murders of citizens of the valley are re-
corded. After Braddock's defeat in 1755 the first inroads
were made, and desolation and the most horrible modes of
death were inflicted. The Indians killed indiscriminately
men, women and children, and received rewards from the
French for their scalps. All through this section of country
the most desperate outrages were perpetrated, nnd even


during the day, when the farmers were harv^esting their
crops, militia kept guard against surprise and attack, and
it was necessary to be ever on the alert.

In 1763 came the news that the wonderful western chief-
tain, Pontiac, was on the warpath and soon after began a
renewal of the horrible scenes of fonner years. For twelve
months the poor people huddled like cattle in the forest.
At last the long and horrible Indian war was at an end and
the industries of life were again attempted.

Such was the country and such was the life of our pio-
neer ancestors, when in 1730 they built their rude houses
of logs along the Conodoguinet creek. Strong they were
or they could not have endured the hardship and privation
necessary to existence, with wild beasts and wilder men
making their lot extreme in its misery. In this beautiful
region, in the early days of the colonist, there were times
so harassing and full of peril that even the heart of the
brave pioneer almost faltered. "There is that in the Anglo-
Saxon blood which appears to court difficulty and dangei%
and the resources of the race in seasons of trial are won-
erful beyond comjxirison." Not only did they contend with
human foes, but the means of obtaining a livelihood was a
grave source of anxiety. They had more than a goodly
share of disappointment, and all they could do to provide
for their families the necessaries of life, the frugal supply
of which we cannot conceive. From the soil they raised all
that it was capable of producing and from the waters of the
creek fish were caught in abundance. Game was plentiful
and formed a large part of their diet.

An early settler says "It is a fine country if it were not so
overgrown with woods, and ver)^ healthy. Here people live
to be a hundred years of age. Provisions are good, venison
especially. In the fall of the leaf, or after harvest, there
are abundance of wild turkeys, which are mighty easy to
be shot; ducks, mallard, geese and swan are plenty. An
abundance of good fruit, all sorts of apples, cherries, pears,
good plums, with peaches as good as any in the world, some
they feed to their hogs and some they distill and make a
sort of brandy. Mulberries are abundant ; the hogs feed on
chestnuts and acorns; grapes grow wild in the woods;
melons are as eood as can be. We have fine horses and the


men ride madly on them. They make nothing of riding
eighty miles, and when they get to their journey's end turn
their horses into a field. They never shoe them."

The home of the settler was extremely primitive and
plain, yet some of those in more fortunate circumstances
than was usually the case built block or log houses two
stories in height. Floors were made of split wood and
hewed; carpets they had none, and the thrifty housewives
vied with each other in the spotless condition of the floors.
Their chairs were benches, tables of the rudest kind, and
those in comfortable walks of life had pewter plates and
spoons, the poorer families using wooden table ornaments.
As substitutes and for cups and vegetable dishes gourds
;and hard shell squashes were made to suit their wants and
deemed efficient for any emergency. Their needs were
few, demands for social duties far between, but the hos-
pitality of our Ouigley and McKinney forefathers was such
that friends and kindred were heartily welcomed at their
board, and beneath their roof was the cordial good cheer
and happy felicity of a christian household.

Scarcely had our ancestors broken ground for a home in
the forest when they joined with their Scotch-Irish neigh-
bors in a plea for a place of worship. This section was
more thickly populated than any part of the valley and the
support of a minister comparatively easy. In 1738 the
meeting house at Middle Spring was erected and was a log
structure about thirty-five feet square, and served its pur-
pose until 1765 when it was enlarged to forty-eight by
forty-eight feet. At either Middle, Rocky or Big Spring
Presbyterian churches these families were faithful attend-
ants for three generations. Since that time they have scat-
tered over a vast extent of our country, but have lost none
of the strict adherence of their religion which has made
them a power for good. The ministers in those early days
liad charge over several congregations, and often their
territory extended over miles and miles of land, making
their work arduous. The first regular pastor our family
helped support was the Rev. Thomas Craighead, who was
installed October, 1738, and supplied Middle, Big and
possibly Rocky Spring congregations, the distance from
Big Spring to Rocky Spring being twenty-five miles, with


Middle Spring half way. The church building at the lat-
ter place was only two miles from the Ouigley homestead,
and here they worshiped and in the graveyard surrounding
buried their dead.

They went regularly to service, stacked their firearms
at the church door, listened to two long sermons, joined in
the singing of David's Psalms, chatted quietly on t)ie green
in the afternoon, and each returned to his fireside to sit
beside the blazing logs in the wide stone chimney and
catechise his children. Then the tallow dip was lighted,
verses from the scripture were read and soon the household
was preparing in restful slumber for the labor of the
coming week. We claim the right to a pious. God-fearing
ancestry, one that believed and trusted in a higher power
and in

"A destiny that shapes our ends.

Rough hew them as we will."
They cared not for honour or preferment, rather avoided
it, yet those in authority in church and state recognized
their superiority and thrust honours upon them. In peace
they were quiet, law abiding citizens, in war they knew
their rights and demanded them. In every struggle our
country has known, members of the family have done val-
iant service. In the Colonial, Revolutionary, and Civil wars
their names and deeds speak of heroism.

Our ancestors for generations had that courage that
knows no turning back, and defeat meant simply a stronger
tenacity of purpose in the next endeavor. As Dumas said
of the battle of Waterloo, "You may kill a Scotchman, but
you must push him down also." So we may safely say of
those who have given us a standard by which to live, that
"resolute will, the light of reason, reserve force, balance of
power, the sober second thought and the educated con-
science" were their towers of defense, and friend nor foe
dared wield a blow to shatter the stronghold. They did
not live in vain. "Our ancestors were not descendants of
Europe's titled aristocracy, but were God's choicest noble-




The clan MacKenzie at one time formed one of the
most powerful families in the highlands of Scotland and is
still numerous and influential.

The descent of the chief of this clan is pure Scoto-Gaelic
with a strain of Irish. In the "lona Club Transactions"
their descent in 1450 is given as follows : The genealogy
of the clan Kenneth-Mordock, son of Kenneth, son of John,
son of Kenneth, son of Angus, son of Christian, son' of
Adam, son of Gilleoin, Oig of the Aird. In Robertson's
"Index of Missing Charters" there is a crown charter
of confirmation by David II for the lands of "Kintale" in
1344, when a grant of that and other lands by William,
Earl of Ross, to Reginald, son of Roderick de Insulis, dated
1342, July 4th, is confirmed. In MacKenzie's "Hlistory of
the Clan" the earliest date which can be assigned for its
acquisition of Kintail from John, Earl of Ross, is
1463. After tlie forfeiture of the Lords of the Isles, the
clan, like all others in the west, became independent.

Alexander, seventh chief of Kintail, accompanied James
I in his expedition to the north in 1426. He was ancestor
of the MacKenzies, of Logie, Hilton and Gairlock, and died
in 1488.

John, the ninth chief, followed James IV to Flodden
with a body of his clan and narrowly escaped being made
prisoner. He was faithful to Mary of Guise, queeni regent,
fought in his old age at Pinkie and died in 1554.-

Colin, eleventh chief, fought bravely for Queen Mary
at the battle of Langside, for which he was afterwards par-
doned by the Regent Murray. Kenneth, his oldest son by
Barbara Grant of that ilk, was raised to the peerage in


i6o9 as Lord IVLicKenzie of Kiiitail. From these de-
scended the MacKeiizies of Pluscardine and Lociislyne,
according to Douglas. CoHn, their oldest son, was created
Earl of Seaforth in 1623. He and his brother, John of
Lochslyne, dying without issue the title devolved on his
half brother, George, by a charter under the great seal.
He went to Holland after the murder of Charles I and was
subsequently secretary of state for Scotland.

Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, was a loyal cavalier and
was excepted from pardon by Cromwell; his estates wer^i
seized, but an allowance was given to his family and
Countess, Isabel MacKenzie of Tarbet. After 1660 he was
high sheriff of Ross-shire.

His son) Kenneth, fourth Earl, was one of the privy
council to King James VH and K. T. in 1687. He fol-
lowed to Ireland and France his royal master through
war and exile, and was created Marquis of Seaforth, but
as his patent had not passed the great seal of Scotland
the title was only recognized by the Jacobites. He died in