Mrs. Belle McKinney Hays Swope.

History of the families of McKinney-Brady-Quigley online

. (page 2 of 28)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

1701 and was succeeded by William, fifth Earl, who was
attainted in' 171 5. an-i was at the battle of Glenshiel in
1719, when a rising in Scotlai!d aided by a few Spanish
infantry, was concertcl Iw the Marquis of Tullvhardine
and the Earl Marischai. The Jacobites were dispersed by
the 14th and 15th regiments aided by 2000 Dutch troops.
The Earl of Seaforth fell se/erely wounded, i)ut ^vas
carried off by the MacKenzies, MacRaes and MacLennans,
two subordinate septs deeply attached to tli;e House of
Kin tail.

Earl William, after the insurrection of 1715, made his
escape to France, where he remained till George I granted
him a pardon for life in 1726, after which, he returned to
Scotland and spent the remainder of his life in peace and
retirement. He died in 1740 and would have been suc-
ceeded by his son Kenneth, Lord Fortrose, as sixth Earl,
but for the attainder.

The fighting force of the MacKenzies is given at 2500
men, adding those of the Earl of Cromarty and the Lairds
of Gairloch, Skatwell, Killcowie, Redcastle and Comrie, all
MacKenzies.

Kenneth, son of Lord Fortrose, having repurcliased the



16



property from the crown was created an Irish peer as
Viscount Fortrose, and in 1771 was restored to the Earl-
dom of Seaforth. In gratitude therefore he and the clan
of the Caberfey, as the MacKenzies are called, in 1778
raised the old Seaforth Highlanders, afterwards num-
bered as the 72d, 1000 strong, for service in India. In
1793 the clan under Humbertson MacKenzie, who died
Earl of Seaforth in 1816, raised the 78th or famous Ross-
shire Buffs, and now both regiments are formed in one as
the I St and 2d battalions of the Duke of Albany's Sea-
forth Highlanders.

The chieftainship and the Earldom were claimed by
MacKenzie-Fowler of Allangrange, but now Anne f'only
child of John Hay MacKenizie of Cromertie and Newhallj,
mistress of the robes to her majesty (1870-1874) Duchess
of Sutherland, became in her own right (1861) Countess
of Cromertie, Viscountess Tarbet, Baroness MacLeod and
Castlehaven.

Kenneth MacKenzie of Gairloch was created a baronet in
1629 and there are six other baronetcies borne b}'^ members
of the clan.

Khouter MacKenzie, in the Crimea, is so named from
Admiral MacKenzie, who commanded the Black Sea fleet
under Katherine II, and fortified Sebastopol. In 1738 Mac-
Kenzie of Conansby was a colonel under the Empress Anne,
and Captain MacKenzie of Redcastle, another officer in the
Russian service in 1784, was killed in a duel near Con-
stantinople.

Kenneth MacKenzie III, of Kintail, was sixth in descent
form John Baliol of the royal line of Scotland and sixth
from King John of England.

The Norwegian blood in the family was brought by the
marriage of this Kenneth to Finguala, daughter of Tor-
(juil MacLeod I. of Lewis, who was the grandson of Olave
the Black, Norwegian King of Man.

The royal blood of Bruce was introduced by the mar-
riage of Murdock MacKenzie V, of Kintail, to Finguala,
daughter of Malcolm MacLeod III, of Harris, by Martha,
daughter of David, twelfth Earl of Mar, son of Gratney,
eleventh Earl by his wife- Christina, daughter of Robert



Bruce, Earl of Carrick and sister of King Robert, the
Bruce.

The Plantaganet blood-royal of Eng-land was introduced
later by the marriage of Kenneth MacKenzie X, of Kintail,
to Lady Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John, second Earl
ot Atholl, fourth in descent fr<jm John of Gaunt, Duke
of Lancaster, son- of Edward III and father of Henry IV
of England. Through these intermarriages the MacKeii-
zies are also descended from the ancient Celtic MacAlpine
line of Scottish kings, from the original Anglo- Saxon
kings of England and from the oldest Scandinavian, Char-
lemagne and Capetian lines, as far back as the beginning
of the ninth century.

The origin of the O'Beolan Earls of Ross and the Mac-
Kenzies from the same source is strikingly {Illustrated by
their intermarriages into the same families and with each
other's kindred.

The MacKenzies were as purely native of the High-
lands as it was possible for any Scoto-Celtic family to be,
and with their various alliances formed a network of
cousinship which ultimately included all the leading fam-
ilies of the Highlands, every one of which has the royal
blood of English, Scottish and Scandinavian kings, and
many other foreign monarchs coursing through their veins,
and trace their direct descent from a native Celtic chief of
the same stock as the original O'Beolan Earls of Ross. For
many years their origin was disputed, but is clearly shown
and proof given by Alexander MacKenzie, M. J. I., in
his "History of the MacKenzies," published in 1879 wath
revised edition in 1894. His death took place recently at
Inverness, Scotland.

The name MacKenzie has an interesting- origin : "John
son of Kenneth, or Coinneach. would be called in the old
Gaelic, 'Ian Mac Choinnich'. In that form it was unpro-
nounceable to those unacquainted with the native tongue.
The nearest approach the foreigner could get to its correct
enunciation would be Mac Coinni or MacKenny. which
ultimately became to be spelled MacKenzie, Z in those days
having exactly the same value and sound as the letter y.
and the name although spelled with a z instead of a y
would be pronounced MacKenny. The two letters being



18

thus of the same value after a while came to be used indis-
criminately in the ^vord Kenny or Kenzie, and the letter z
having- subsequently acquired a different value and sound
of its own, more allied to the letter s than to the original
y, the name is pronounced as if it were written MacKensie."

John, son of Kenneth I, was the first of the race called
MacKenney or MacKenzie. He died in 1328. and since that
time it has remained unchanged in the Highlands of
Scotland.

The progenitor of the clan, Beolan or Gilleoin na
L'Airde. the undoubted ancestor of the old Earls of Ross
and the MacKenzies preceding the advent of Kenneth,
held the lands of Kintail as a gift from the king and after
the passing of two hundred years the clan MacKenzie re-
ceived a grant of it for themselves direct from the crown.
They have extended their domains and possessions, and the
MacKenzies of Kintail, with their castle and fortifications,
prove formidable foes, steadfast friends. Their ancient
stronghold is Islandonian, built on an insulated rock at the
extremity of Lochalsh and the junction of Loch Duich and
Loch Long.

MACKENZIE COAT-OF-ARMS.

Arms — Az. A .Stags Head.

Cabossed Or.
Crest — A mountain in flames, P. P. R.
Mottoes — (Over the crest).
"Lriceo, non uro."
Light not Darkness,
(Below the arms),
"Vive ut vivas."
Li\'e and let live.

Burke.
Symbolism :
Or. (Gold) Generosity.
Az. (Blue) Truth and Loyalt>^
The stag was an emblem of
Policy in Warfare.

IVade.



19

The g-atliering- march of the MacKenzie chin was "Cabar
Feidh" (Deer's antlers).

Lament — "Ciimha Thigearua Ghearrlcxrh" (Gairloch's
Lament).

Highland Appellation — "'Clann Choinnich."

Origin of Chief — Celtic.

Salute — "Failte L'illeim Dhiiibh."

(Black William's Salute).

The Slogan — "Fraoch Eilean."
(The Heathery Isle).

Badge — Heather.



20



CHAPTER III.

JOSEPH MACKENZIE.

About the middle of the eighteenth century Joseph Mac-
Kenzie followed the tide of Scotch-Irish immigration into
the Cumberland Valley, crossed the Conodoguinet creek
and settled three miles northwest of the present town of
Newburg, on the mountain road between Newburg and
Roxbury in Hopewell township, Cumberland County, Penn-
sylvania. At the foothills of the Kittatimiy mountains he
built his house of logs, found abundant pasture for his
cattle in the clearing of hewn trees felled by his axe and
utilized in the walls of his cabin home, and watered his
flock in the mountain stream nearby. In a few years the
soil was tilled and fields waved with grain. Soon the paths
through the forest were broadened into roads, neighbors
could be reached within a short time, and the organization
of the Presbyterian church at Middle Spring gave them the
benefit of religious privileges. Plis wife probably was of
Scotch parentage and came with him to America. Her
name is unknown. She lies beside her husband in Hanna's
graveyard, near Newburg, where for two generations the
MacKenzie family buried their dead. Few interments have
been made in this lonely spot within fifty years and only a
small number of the graves are marked. The name was
changed from MacKenzie or MacKinzie to McKinney by
Joseph MacKenzie. as is shown by his signature in his will,
which reads as follows: "In the name of God, Amen. I,
Joseph AlacKenzie, of the township of Hopewell, county
of Cumberland, and state of Penna., husbandman, calling
to mind the uncertainty of this transitory life, and knowing
that it is appointed for all men once to die, do this the
second day of February, in the year of our Lord one



21

thousand seven hundred and eighty-five, make this my last
will and testament, in fonn and manner following:

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas the
east side of my plantation, or tract of land he now lives on,
beginning at John McKee's line, from thence a straight
course to the lean and down the said lean till it passes the
little meadow, till the fence l)etween the said little meadow
and the field that the barn is in, thence along the said fence
a straight line to the head of the said field, and from thence
along the fence at the head of said field till it comes to a
straight line with two marked w-hite oaks standing between
the said lean and the meadow and the long field, from
thence in a straight line till it comes opposite Thomas' lean,
and then to make an offset about fifteen perches along the
head of the long field, from thence to the line called the
mountain line, to make both sides equal — to him, his heirs
and assigns forever.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son David the other
half of my tract of land I now live on, with all the buildings
and improvements thereimto belonging, or in any wise per-
taining, to him his heirs and assigns forever.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel, deceased,
his widow, the sum of forty pounds, to be paid in manner
following: To my daughter-in-law Elizabeth, my son's
widow aforesaid, ten pounds in one year after my decease,
and ten pounds a year until it is all paid in lawful money
of Penna. currency. Likewise, I give to my said daughter-
in-law Elizabeth, one bay mare about six years old, and a
chest of drawers, a pine table and three chares, also her bed
and bedstead and furniture and all other goods she brought
with her.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph the sum of
twenty-five pounds, Penna. currency, to be paid in three
years after my decease.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law John
Macon the sum of five shillings, curant money of the steat
of Penna., to be paid after my decease when demanded.
Also, I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary the
sum of ten pounds, to be paid at the discraision of my
executors hereinafter mentioned, when they think she stands



22

in most need of it or part thereof, as her necessity demands,
and my bed and bed clothes after my decease.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law Willliani
McCord the sum of two pounds, besides what he has already-
got with his wife, my daughter Agnes, now deceased. I
also give and bequeath unto my grandchildren, Joseph.
Samuel, Grisel and Andrew McCord, the sum of tweiTt}'
shillings each, to be paid by executors when they arive at
the age of twenty-one, the two pounds above to be paid in
four years after my decease.

''Item, I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law John
Campbell the sum of five shillings lawfull money of Penn-
sylvania, to be paid by my executors after my decease.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Willliam,
deceased, his widow or relict, Elizabeth, and his four
daughters, viz., Elener, Jean, Mary and Agnes McKinzie,.
the sum of five shillings each, to be paid in one year after
my decease.

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my grandchildren, Jean
and Grisel McKinzie. one heffer alx)ut two years old and a
bed and bed clothes to be equally divided between them.

"Also, it is my will, that all the residue of my personall
estate iDe sold and all the money due or to become due to
me, be collected by said executors after my decease, and
after paying funeral expnses and all lawful! debts and the
within nientioned legacies, then my two sons Thomas and
David, if my personal estate will not amount to so much as
is to pay off the funeral charges and all my lawful debts, is
to pay equal parts of what it may fall short, or otherwise.
if there should be any overplus remaining m their hands
after funeral charges and debts are paid, then the remainder
to be equally divided between my two sons, Thomas and
David.

"And I do hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my
true and trusty sons, Thomas and David McKinzie, my soal
executors of this my last will and testament, liereby revok-
mg all former wills or bequeaths heretofore made,' and de-
clare this to be my last will and testament, in witness
whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal the dav and vear
first abo\-e \vritten.

JOSEPH M'KIXNEY.



23



"Signed, Sealed, Pub- ")
lished and Pronounced as [
my last will and testament, [
in presence of j ,

JOHN M'KEE,

ANDREW THOAIPSON.
Probated Aug. 12, 1785.

Issue:

a. i. THOMAS McKINNEY, ni. Jane Bigliam.

b. ii. ANDREW McKINNEY.

c. iii. DAVID McKINNEY, m. Jennet Smith.

iv. SAMUEL McKINNEY, m. Elizabeth

V. JOSEPH McKINNEY.
vi. MARY McKINNEY.

d. vii. AGNES McKINNEY, m. William McCord.
viii. , m. John Campbell.

ix. , m. John Macon.

X. WILLIAM McKINNEY, ni. Elizabeth



24



CHAPTER IV.

THOMAS M'KINNEY AND HIS DESCENDANTS.

a Thomas McKinney, oldest son of Joseph MacKenzie,
was born near Newburg, Hopewell township, Cumberland
county, Pennsylvania, and died in the autumn of the year
1787, at his home on his farm, containing no acres, adjoin-
ing that on w^hich his father lived and died.

With the Kittatinny mountains less than two miles to
the north, and the Conodoguinet creek threading its way
far to the south, the hills that marked the site of Newburg
outlining the east, and the undulating stretches of the valley
to the west, Thomas McKinney first saw the light, lived
out his day, and was laid with his kindred in Hanna's
graveyard, where his wife too was buried. His education
was received under adverse circumstances. As the eldest
son much of the labor of the farm depended upon him, and
even when a child his duties required his attention during
the day and only the evening could be devoted to study.
The single evidence we have of his ability is his j^enman-
ship, which in his signature is clear and l<!gibie, with well
formed symmetrical letters, which are still distinct ai'tei
the lapse of one hundred and eighteen years. With hh
brothers and sisters he sat beside" a tallow dip and read,
studied and planned his future.

At an early age he married Jane Bigham and lived or
one of the farms of his father, which adjoined the home-
stead on the east and comprised a tract of level, valuable
land which descended in time to his son David.

From childhood he aided in the protection of his home
from tlie attacks of the Indians, and with the Quigley and
Brady boys trailed the redskins far and near.'" When the



25

Indian troubles subsided, the Revolution brought consterna-
tion to the settlements in the valley, as elsewhere, and
Thomas McKinne>' instilled the sentiments of patriotisn:
in the hearts of his children, teaching- them not only the art
of fighting, but the wisdom of braverjr. Not inclined to
warfare, however, the MacKenzies in America preferred
the more quiet walks of life and chose to live at peace with
all men, rather than at enmity, to conquer with kindness
rather thaii the sword. Within a few miles of each othet
lived the families of Wills, Quigley, Sharpe, McCune and
two branches of the McKinney, descendants of whom inter-
married, and three of Thomas McKinney's children mar-
ried into the Quigley family.

His family w^s large and prosperous and their initer-
marriages with members of clans of Scotch -Irish descent
added not only to the race in point of parentage, but brought
lands and increased financial benefits to the hoise of Mac-
Kenzie. Season after season ground which seemed fit for
nothing but the primeval trees and forest growth, was
cleared and yielded abundant harvest. Mills were estab-
lished along the streams of water and it was probably to the
one at Quigley's bridge, that Thomas McKinney sent his
wheat and corn to l^e prepared for use.

With his family he attended the Middle Spring Presby-
terian church, five miles across the valley to the south, and
would naturally have made his burials at that place had
Hanna's graveyard not been more conveniently situated,
and only three miles distant. It was originally a private
plot of ground, but aftei* the county l)ecame more thickly
populated it was opened for public use.. It is novv enclosed
in the center of a field, but there was evidently a road lead-
ing directly to the spot in the early days when it was used
by the settlers in that vicinity. Much historical data re-
garding the McKinney family would be seciired if the
records of births, marriages and deaths of members of the
Middle Spring church had been preserved, but the loss by
fire of all congregational manuscripts prior to i8o3 deprives
us of much information.

Posterity teaches us that Thomas and Jan> Bigham
McKinney were of reverent piety, feared and loved (^od,
honored the truth, and by example and precept brought



26

before men the nublest type of life, lilling- their respective
spheres with ch'gnity and ability.

Issue:

2. i. DAVID AIcKINNEY, b. May 27,1767; m. Eleanor Qiugley.
ii. LYDIA McKINNEY.

iii. SAMUEL McKINNEY.
iv. MARY McKINNEY.

3. V. .TEAN McKINNEY, m. John Wills.

4. vi. MA.IOR JOSEPH McKINNEY, b. Sept. 21, 1773; m.

Dinah Quigley.
vii. ANDREW McKINNEY, m. Sarah Young-.
viii. GRIZELDA McKINNEY, b. 1777; m. James Quigley (see
Quigley line.)
ix. THOMAS McKMNEY.

II. Da^•id ^IcKinney" (Thomas McKinney-, Joseph Mac-
Kenzie^) oldest son of Thomas McKinney and Jane Big-
ham McKinney, was born May 27, 1767, near Newburg,
in Hopewell township, Cumberland county, Penna., died
June 4, 1835. at Strasburg, Franklin county, Penna.,
married Wednesday, October 19, 1797, Eleanor Quigley,
born June 12, 1772, near Ouigley's Bridge, Cumberland
county, Penna.. died September 16. 1825, at Strasburg, Frank-
lin count}'-, Penna., daughter of Robert Quigley and Mary
Jacob Quigley. She and her husband are buried in the old
graveyard adjoining the Rocky Spring Presbycerian church,
Franklin county, Penna., which was used as a burial place
at a very early period in the history of the Scotch-Irish in
the Cumberland Valley.

David McKinney was born at a time wdien the inroads
of the Indians w^ere on the wane, and the colonists w-ere
chaffing under the 3^oke of English surveillance. As a boy,
with childish fervor, he played war with his companions,
listened to the stories of adventure and bloodshed told by
friends and neighbors, joined in protest against the tyranny
of the British, and added his acclamations of victory to those
of thousands, when freedom was declared.

His education was the best that could be obtained in those
primitive days, when they had few books and no advantages
outside the home. The books he studied and made himself
familiar with were the Bible, the confession: of faith, the
catechism, the Psalm book and Pilgrim's Progress.

When thirty years of age he was married and brought
his wife to the liouse where he was born, where thev lived



27

until about the year 1812. They then removed to Strasbur^-
which at that time was a town of two streets, intersecting; :.l
right angles. Here lived the families of Gilmore, McClel-
land, Hunter and many others who were intimately asso-
ciated with our ancestors. In its early history the village
was a prosperous trading center for horses and cattle, her:ce
a demand was created for hay, oats and corn. Farmers for
miles around found a ready market for produce, and all the
grass that could be spared on the farms was used for graz-
ing. When the cattle were brought from a distance, pasture
was secured at a nominal rental, and the fields were filled
with droves un.til the traders came in from the cities and
bought the stock.

David AlcKinney was in the tanning business and for
many years proprietor of the Strasburg Inn, which is still
standing. It was a popular place for a "stop over" for
wagoners on their way to Baltimore or Pittsburg v. ith
goods or grain. Often the street and yard were lined v.-ith
these large covered wagons and the stables were filled witli
horses, which drew by fours or sixes the heavy laden ve-
hicles.

David McKinney was appointed to the office of squire,
which was as important at that period as district judge wjs
later. He was ambitious, intelligent and enterprising, and
gave his family the benefit of all advantages the lime^
afforded. His prosperity enabled him to have his children
instructed in institutions of learning which were of a high
moral and refining tone. He was strict in the enforcement
of rigid training in the home, and with his wife set before
his children examples of propriety, sobriety and honesty.
They were inflexible in their rules regarding the observ-
ance of the Sabbath, and each evening after the return of the
family from service they asked and answered questions in
the shorter catechism, some of the children becoming so
proficient that they were able to ask and answer without
reference to the book and could likewise recite the larger
catechism. They were earnest in their study of the Bible
and committed to memory large portions of the scripture.
They understood the truths therein contained and instructed
others whenever opportunity afforded. Its teaching was
their guide through life. They were members of Middle



28

Spring Presbyterian church until after their removal to
Strasburg when they united with the Rocky Spring Pres-
byterian church, of' which they were consistent members
until death. David McKinney was an elder for many years.
The Scotch-Irish organization of this church dates to 1738
and a log building was erected near the site of the present
structure. It was doubtless a primitive edifice of about
thirty-five feet square, one and one-half stories high, with
one row of windows on the lower floor. It soon proved too
small for the congregation and an addition was attached
to it. The wall between the two was torn away and a
commodious auditorium thirty-five by fifty-two feet was
secured by a combination of the two rooms. There was
no means of heating, but sometime later a rough log house
fifteen feet square was built with a large fire place, which if
it joined the church proper, as we suppose, would give
some comfort to the worshipers. It was used for nearly a
century and was put to all the uses of a study house, a ses-
sion house, saddle house and school house. The ground
floor of this old church can still be seen, also a list of the pew
holders. Benches were the seats, the floor as mother earth
de\nsed it, clapboards for the roof, precentor's desk beneath,
and a gobletshaped pulpit on which lay a copy of the Bible
and Rouse's version of the Psalms. In 1794 the present
building was erected, and the interior stands to-day as it
stood in the autumn of that year and in succeeding years,
when David McKinney was one of its office bearers and
brought his children before its altar for baptism. It is of
brick, sixty by forty-eight feet in size, eighteen feet to the
ceiling, and entrances to the north, south and east sides of
the building. The floor of the pews are boards and the
aisles paved with brick. The pulpit is circular with an oval
shapecl sounding board above it, a stair case leads to it.
The pews are straight and high, unpainted, and pasted upon
them the names of forefathers who occupied them. There
are no chimneys and the pipes from the tenplate stoves pass
along the ceiling and through the roof. The interior has
known no change, the exterior, wooden steps and a new
slate roof.

At the time of the connection of the McKinne}- family
with the church at Rocky Spring the pulpit was supplied by



29

Rev. John McKnight, D. D., who in 1815 accq^ted a call
to the presidency of Dickinson College. A portrait of hiui
hangs in the reception room of the Presbyterian Historical