years later, his wife assumed the duties of housekeeper in
his father's house, in which his father died in 1868. In
1853 the old Ouigley mill was demolished and some of the
timber was used in building his barn. The mill built by
his grandfather was in operation for a number of years, its
beams and logs were hewn from the huge forest trees along
the Conodoguinet Creek. Although the mill is destroyed,
the old bridge still continues its service, and conveys
humanity and cargoes beneath its ancient covering, as in the
days of long ago.
In this, the youngest son of Joseph Quigley, was a strong
type of manhood, with the traits and humor of his fore-
fathers plainly visible. , His fund of wit was inexhaustible,
and even amid strenuous circumstances was not lacking.
He was a friend who served to the utmost those who
reposed confidence in him, and he never betrayed their trust.
Kind and modest in intercourse, he was honorably esteemed.
In politics he was a Republican. He was interested in the
educational movements in his community, and urged every
possible advance in methods of teaching and the extension
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
He was a general favorite, his free, affable manner win-
ning for him the good will of all with whom he came in
contact. To the poor he was extremely charitable, and gave
to those in need the most wholesome advice. He received
and well deserved their respect. He was extremely social
and friendly, and the freedom of his home was extended on
all occasions to friends and neighbors, wlio received the most
thoughtful attentions from host and hostess. They were
members of the Middle Spring Presbyterian church, and he
is buried in the graveyard at that place. His widow resides
i. THOMAS McKINNEY QUIGLEY, b. Oct 28, 1857; m.
Jan. 20, 1881, Etta Righter, b. July 14, 1861, at Lock-
port, 111., reside at Saunemin, 111.
To Thomas McKinney Quigley and Etta Rigliter Quigley
were bom five children:
i. JAY RIGHTER QUIGLEY, b. Oct. 2, 1882.
ii. CHARLES' HEMPHILL QUIGLEY, b. July 24,
ill. HARLEY GRIER QUIGLEY, b. Nov. 11, 1887.
iv. ROSBTTA RUTH QUIGLEY, b. Feb. 24, 1892.
V. HENRY CLAY QUIGLEY, b. July 28, 1893.
ii. ROBERT CLARK QUIGLEY, b. July 8, 1859; m. Jan. 28.
1881, Emma Shoemaker, b. 1866, at Roxbury, Penna...
d. May 10, 1890, at Saunemin, 111., where they resided.
To Robert Clark Quigley and Emma Shoemaker Quigley
■were born five children:
i. DAVID CLARK QUIGLEY, b. Sept. 17, 1881.
ii. WILLIAM SHOEMAKER QUIGLEY, b. Feb. 2,
iii. MAUD FRANCES QUIGLEY, b. Jan. 1. 1887.
iv. THOMAS McKINNEY QUIGLEY, b. Nov. 28,
v. BESSIE QUIGLEY, b. May 6, 1890.
iii. MARY SHARP QUIGLEY, b. Apr. 18, 1862; m. Oct.
1894, Hugh Ladley, of Pontiac, III.
DEDICATION OF THE QUIGLEY MONUMENT.
The light and shadow of more than a century of years
fell silently across the unmarked graves of James and Robert
Quigley and their wives, when their descendants, in loving
remembrance of their worth and devotion in home and
family, and in appreciation of the valiant services of their
paternal ancestors in Colonial and Revolutionary periods,
completed a long cherished plan to perpetuate their memories
and engrave in stone a record of their names and deeds.
James Quigley and his family, as meml)ers of the Middle
Spring Presbyterian church and among the earliest settlers
along the Conodoguinet Creek, were buried in the old grave-
yard, surrounding the original log meeting house on the
bank of the Middle Spring,
The place of worship was thirty feet square, its floor of
earth, rude benches made from slabs, the pulpit high against
the wall with the precentor's desk beneath, no heating plant,
ino decoration to beautify the primitive plainness, nor con-
veniences to give comfort to the worshipers. In 1765 the
original house, was replaced by a similar structure of logs
forty eight feet square, to which a few years later were
added enlargements on each side, and a gallery which was
reached by two flights of stairs on the exterior of the build-
ing. The congregation increased so rapidly that a larger
edifice was soon needed, and was erected of stone on an
elevation to the east of the first site, which was replaced in
1847 by a commodious brick structure which overlooks the
beautiful stretches of the valley.
To the rear of the present church building are two grave-
yards, but around the old log meeting house clustered the
oldest graves, many hundreds of them unmarked. Among
the number were our pioneer Ouigley ancestors, who were
laid beneath the forest trees. The log church has long since
gone to decay, the oaks have yielded to the axe of the woods-
man, yet the flow of the Middle Spring is as sweet and musi-
cal, as when, with gun in hand, the early settler closed the
tombs of his family.
Prior to 1805 a massive wall of limestone was placed
around the enclosure, within which are only one hundred
and ten marked graves, the oldest bearing date 1770, yet
there is not a foot of ground unoccupied, and an estimate of
the burials reaches upwards of three thousand.
Unlike most country cemeteries, it is kept in good condi-
tion, and the wall is in a state of perfect preservation, and
corresponds with the one surrounding the burial ground
nearest the present church building.
In the summer of 1900, the descendants of James Quig-
ley, through his son Robert, purchased and erected a monu-
ment of granite, which bears the following inscription :
On the face of the marker :
James Quigley died 1782.
Ensign in Colonial service, March 25, 1756
in Rev. John Steele's Company of Cumber-
land County Rangers.
Private in Revolutionary service, in Col.
Robert Adams' Company, Sixth Battalion,
On the rear of the marker:
Robert Ouigley, son of James and Jeanette,
born 1744, died September i, 181 5.
In Revolutionary service, Lieutenant, Sev-
enth Company, First Battalion, Cumberland
County Militia, Pennsylvania.
Mary Jacob, wife of Robert Quigley,
born 1745, died July 9, 1821.
The dedication took place on the morning- of September
27, 1900 when members of the family, and friends, assem-
bled in the church at Middle Spring, and solemnized the
occasion with interesting and impressive services.
Rev. S. S. Wylie, the present pastor invoked the Divine
blessing and addressed the audience in well chosen remarks.
A hymn was sung, a history of the Quigley family prepared
and read by Mr. Thomas McKinney Hays, of Newville,
Penna., impromptu addresses by Mr. William McClelland
of Shippensburg, Penna., and Mr. S. I. Irvine of Washing-
ton, D. C, at the close of which, the family joined in singing
the familiar words "Blest be the tie that binds," and ad-
journed to the spot where the monument stands, sang the
looth Psalm, and Mr. Wylie offered prayer.
In the grove adjoining the church, beneath the wide
branching trees, that are lineal descendants of those which
shaded the paths of our forefathers, with the sunlight of a
bright September day streaming through the boughs, kin-
dred and friends gathered at the noontide hour, and the
bounteous repast, the retmion of families and exchange of
genealogical lore will be to those who participated, a sweet
remembrance, with the satisfaction of having paid a fitting-
tribute and erected a lasting memorial to a line of ancestors
whom it is a privilege to honor.
ORATION AT MUNCY, PENNSYLVANIA,
OCTOBER 15, 1879.
BY HON. JOHN BLAIR LINN.
People of the West Branch Valley :
The mournful death of Captain John Brady, which has
flung its dark shadow down through the corridors of a cen-
tury and brought us together to-day, occurred oni the nth
of April, 1779. I will relate it in the language of his daugh-
ter, Mrs. Mary Gray (late widow of Captain William Gray,
of Sunbury,) who was fifteen years of age at the time of her
father's death, and who had, even to the last day of her life
(December 13, 1850) a vivid recollection of the stirring
scenes of border life. She said: "My father was riding
along the public road beyond Muncy creek, and about three
miles from Fort Brady, and near Wolf run, accompanied
by Peter Smith on foot, when the Indians fired and Captain
Brady fell without uttering a word, being shot in the back
between his shoulders with two balls. Smith escaped by
jumping upon my father's frightened horse. The Indians
in their haste did not scalp him, nor plunder him of his gold
watch, some money, and his commission which he carried
in a green bag suspended from his neck. His body was
sooni after brought to the Fort and interred in the Muncy
burying ground, some four miles from the Fort over Muncy
creek." "john Brady, son of Captain Samuel and grandson
of Captain John Brady, said as noted down by Lyman C.
Draper, Esq., (in 1845) ^^^ was shot through the heart, only
two rifles discharged, and the signs showed only two Indians
present. His watch, &c., were not taken. Mrs. Gray's
statement gave my informant (Lyman C. Draper, Esq.) the
impression that Captain Brady was not killed out of re-
venge, but simply that a couple of Indians who shot were in
too big a hurry to rob his body, perhaps afraid that other
whites were following near at hand.
The history of cotemporary events, however, coupled with
the undisputed incidents of his death — two Indians and two
shots fired into him — in my judgment point to a design in
his death, and enroll him with Warren, Montgomery, Mer-
cer and other martyrs to the principles of free government
for which they laid down their lives upon the field of battle.
The invasion of Wyoming Valley, which had taken place
in July, 1778, caused the depopulation of the West Branch
Valley, known as the "Great Runaway," and as early as the
fall of that year a decisive stroke at the Six Nations in their
own homes had been determined upon, but postponed on
account of the lateness of the season. All winter it was dis-
cussed by the camp fires at Morristown, and with the open-
ing spring of 1779 General Washington wrote from his
headquarters at Middle Brook, February 27, 1779, to Presi-
dent Reed, of Pennsylvania, for actual surveys of the waters
of the Susquehanna to assist him in forming a plan of opera-
tions. His preparations to visit the heart of Indian domin-
ion with stern vengeance could not be concealed, and the
news was carried by swift runners to the council fires of the
Iroquois. To divert such a stroke from their homes, what
would those wily warriors do but detach scouting parties to
beat up the settlements and ward off the blow by the deso-
lation of the West Branch Valley on the extreme right
boundary of their nation. Their ablest leaders and those
well acquainted with the valley would be selected for this
purpose. Among these was John Montour, and what
greater blow could he deal to the American cause than to
assassinate the prudent, the resolute and fearless leader, who
stood with drawn sword upon the frontier of Pennsylvania
to hurl back the savage foe.
The circumstances of Capt. Brady's death, however, are
not what this vast assemblage has met to commemorate.
Many unknown mounds in this valley wrapt the silent clay
of other of its defenders who fell by the rifle of the con-
cealed savage. Nor is it to mark to the latest posterity the
scene of this bloody tragedy, this granite cenotaph is made
to arise. "Cold as the sod on which it rests, still as the
silent heavens above it," it is to be forever eloquent of our
undying remembrance of the man and the soldier, and of
our regard for him and others who died to save our Nation-
"For God's inalienable rights to man,
Our hero fought and bled —
So glorious were those rights secured,
We thus revere the dead."
Let us turn then to the record of the man, the soldier and
the officer. Captain John Brady was born in what is now
the State of Delaware, in 1733. His father, Hugh Brady,
was an emigrant from the North of Ireland; of the Godly
Scotch-Irish ancestry who read their bibles by the light of
the camp fires of Oliver Cromwell's army, who were the
first to cross the Boyne and engage the hosts of churchly
despotism; and who at the siege of Londonderry slowly
starved to deatli for the rights of conscience.
Captain Brady was as well educated as the circumstances
of his father would allow, and taught an elementary school
and singing school over im New Jersey prior to the removal
of his father and family to the banks ol the Conodogwinet,
not far from Shippensburg, in Cumberland county, about
the year 1750. In the quiet the Province had before the
coming storm of the French and Indian war, he followed
the usual avocations of frontier life; the primeval forest
yearly bowing to the settler's axe. His personal appear-
ance has come down to us by tradition ; he was six feet high,
well formed, had coal black hair, hazel eye and of rather
About the year 1755 he married Mary Quigley, who was
also of Scotch-Irish extraction, and in the year 1756 his
eldest son, the celebrated Captain Samuel Brady, was born
in the midst of the tempestuous waves of trouble that rolled
in upon the settlements in the wake of Braddock's defeat.
Armstrong's expedition against Kittanning was then organ-
ized and marched from Fort Shirley on the 30th of August
three hundred strong, Brady going along as a private.
General James Potter, his subsequent associate in the settle-
ment of this valley, was a Lieutenant in the command and
was wounded at Kittanning. Kittanning was destroyed on
the 8th of September, and the settlers returned in triumph.
But this severe retaliation did not deter the savages ; as late
as the 8th of November, 1756, they entered Cumberland
Valley, killed a number of inhabitants and carried away
Forbes' expedition against Fort Duquesne followed in
1768. His troops were composed in part of the regular
forces of the Province, but Brady does not seem to have
been along, not at least as an officer, as there is a very cir-
cumstantial account extant of every officer who accompanied
the expedition. — Pennsylvania Archives, 2d series, vol. 2,
pages 560, &c. On Forbes' approach the French burned
Fort Duquesne and retired, thus terminating the struggle
between' the French and the English for the Ohio Valley
(Nov. 25, 1758). General Stannix built Fort Pitt upon
the ruins of Fort Duquesne, in 1759, and on the 13th of
September, upon the plains of Abraham, rendered immortal
by the death of General Wolfe, Montcalm, with the "Lilies
of France," went down before the Cross of St. George;
virtually ending French dominion in North America. This
was followed by the i>eace of Paris, February 10, 1763.
But the end was not yet to blazing homes and border con-
flicts on the frontiers. Pontiac has secretly organized his
noted conspiracy of the Indian tribes extending from the
Lakes to the Lower Mississippi, and now called upon them,
in fiery eloquence, to save their race from slavery and ruin,
and to drive the English into the Atlantic. About the 27th
of April, 1763, he assembled a Council on the banks of the
Excorces, a small stream not far from Detroit, and having
aroused the chiefs in a speech of unparalleled fury to terri-
ble earnestness, he let the tribes loose in vengeful wrath
upon the frontiers. While Nature was robing the forests
of the West in the green mantle of May, they stole silently
through them, seized most of the forts unawares and massa-
cred the garrisons. They even surrounded Fort Pitt, and
for five days threatened its capture, their scouting parties
from the North penetrating nearly to Reading. Then John
Brady sprang from the ranks apparently to the office of
Captain, He was commissioned, July 19, 1763, Captain of
the Second Battalion of the Pennsylvania Regiment "com-
manded by Governor John Penn," Turbutt Francis and
Asher Clayton, Lieutenant Colonels commandants. Then
came Bouquet's expedition for the relief of Fort Pitt, the
battle of Bushy Run beyond Fort Ligoriier (August 5,
1 763 ) , a hard fought battle of two days in which Bouquet's
troops suffered severely, but he at last defeated the Indians
by a bold stratagem — a victory which saved Fort Pitty
relieved the Western frontiers, and the Provincials returned
to battle with inroads from the North. Thus closed the
With the return of spring 1764, their incursions were re-
newed, and in the Pennsylvania Gazette of April 5, 1764,
there is an account of "the Indian depredations in the Car-
lisle region on the 20th, 21st and 22d of March; killing
people, burning houses and making captives," adding "Cap-
tains Piper and Brady, with their companions, did all that
lay in their power to protect the inhabitants. No man can
go asleep within ten or fifteen miles of the border without
being in danger of having his house burned and himself or
family scalped or led into captivity before the next morning.
The people along the North Mountain are moving farther
in, especially about Shippensburg, which is crowded with
families of that neighborhood."
Bouquet's second expedition followed, in which he was
accompanied by the First and Second Battalions of the
Pennsylvania Regiment. At Fort Loudon (about twelve
miles west of Chambersburg) he was met by a runner from
Col. Bradstreet, who had penetrated with a force to
Presque Isle, (City of Erie now) who advised Col. Bouquet
that he had granted a peace to all the Indians between Lake
Erie and the Ohio. Bouquet was at the head of the Provin-
cial soldiery, of Pennsylvania, and he and they were deter-
mined upon a conquered peace. He, therefore, forwarded
the dispatch to Gov. Penm, with the remark, "that such a
peace with no satisfaction insisted upon, would fix an indeli-
ble stain upon the Nation. I, therefore, take no notice oi
that pretended peace, and proceed forthwith upon the expe-
dition, fully determined to treat as enemies any Delawares
and Shawanese I shall find on my way." He accordingly
penetrated the country of the Delawares to the Forks of
the Muskinghum, (where Coshocton, Ohio, now stands)
and upon the banks of that river dictated his own terms of
peace; among- these were the absolute return of about three
Some of my hearers, the decendants of the Cummins, the
Gambles, the Irvines, the McComicks, the Montgomery's,
the Pipers^ the Robbs, and others, who with me trace their
lineage toi the dwellers under the shadow of the North
Mountain, will recall the traditions of Bouquet's return with
the captives, which were mingled with our grandmothers'
fireside tales, and haunt the memory of our infant years, like
the dying cadence of some far distant music, or the words
of a well nigh forgotten song. It was oo a wintry day
(December 31, 1764) when Colonel Bouquet, having ad-
vertised for those who had lost children to come to Carlisle
and reclaim them, brought out the band of little captives for
recognition. Many had been captured when very young"
and had grown up to boyhood and girlhood in the wigwam
of the Indian, having learned the language of the savage
and forgotten their own. One woman was unable to point out
her daughter, and the captives could only talk in an unknown
tongue. She told her sad lot to the Colonel, and mentioned
that she used, many years before, to sing to her daughter a
hymn of which the child was very fond. The Colonel told
her to sing it, and she began :
"Alone, yet not alone am I,
Though in this solitude so drear,
I feel my Saviour always nigh.
He comes my dreary hours to cheer."
She had not finished the first verse before her long lost
daughter rushed into her arms.
I come now to the connection of Bouquet's expedition
with the history of the settlement of the West Branch
Valley. On the 30th of November, 1764, the First Bat-
talion of the Pennsylvania Regiment left Fort Pitt for home,
and the Second followed the next day. When they reached
Bedford the officers made an agreement with each other in
writing, to apply to the Proprietaries for a tract of land
sufficiently extensive and conveniently situated, whereon to
erect a compact and defensible town, and accommodate them
with reasonable and commodious plantations, the same to be
divided according to their several ranks, etc. John Brady
was one of the officers who sigried this agreement. In their
apphcation to the Proprietories, dated April 30, 1765, they
proposed to embody themselves into a compact settlement,
at some distance from the inhabited part of the Province,
where, by industry, they might procure a comfortable sub-
sistence for themselves, and by their arms, union and in-
crease become a powerful barrier to the Province, They
suggested the confluence of the two branches of the Susque-
hanna at Shamokin, as affording a situation convenient for
their purpose, and asked the Proprietaries to make a pur-
cliase from the Indians to accommodate their application.
Meanwhile, urged by the restless, mysterious impulse that
moulds the destiny of the pioneers of civilization, Captain
Brady had removed from the Conodogwinet fifty miles
further northwest, to Standing Stone (now Huntingdon).
Here, in 1768, his children. General Hugh Brady and twin
sister Jennie were born, and Captain Brady followed the
occupation of surveyor. On the 5th of November, 1768,
Thomas and Richard Penn purchased from the Six Nations
at Fort Stanwix (now Rome, N. Y.), with other territory,
all that portion of the West Branch Valley extending from
the mounth of Mahanoy creek to the mouth of Pine creek,
and on the 3d of February, 1769, the officers of the First
and Second Battalians met at the Governors and obtained
an order allowing them to take up twenty-four thousand
acres. The surveys of 8,000 of it, in what is now Union
county, were made by Samuel Maclay on the ist, 2d, and
3d of March, 1769, Captain Brady, with others of the
officers, being along. The surveys of the second 8,000
acres, at the mouth of Chillisquaque creek, were made at the
same time, and the officers returned to Fort Augusta (now
Sunbury), held a meeting and determined that the remain-
ing 8,000 acres should be surveyed oni Bald Eagle creek,
and Captains Hunter, Brady and Piper were selected to
oversee it. The latter surveys were made by Charles
Lukens in April, 1769, Captain Brady accompanying him.
and embrace the land from the city of Lock Haven up Bald
Eagle creek to where Hoard now stands, in Centre county.
During the summer of 1769 Captain Brady removed his
family to the West Branch and cleared a place on the east-
ern side of the river, directly opposite Derr's Mill, now the
site of Lewisburg. On the 21st of March, 1772, Northum-
berland county was created, and on the fourth Tuesday of
May Captain Johni Brady was foreman of the first Grand
Jury that ever sat in Northumberland county. But the air
seemed to be full of trouble in those early days. The Con-
iiecticut people, who had settled at Wyoming, claimed
under their charter the territory of the Province of Pennsyl-
vania, as far south as the 41st deg. of latitude, which would
run a mile or so south of Lewisburg, and were determined
to eniforce it by adverse occupation. Between the 3d and
7th of July, 1772, a large party of them reached the river at
Hulings, where Milton now stands, when Colonel Plunket
.summoned the Pennamites to arms and forcibly drove theni
off. This contest continued for some time after the trumpet
of the Revolution summoned the combatants to fight a com-
mon foe. In December, 1775, Brady accompanied Colonel
Plunket's force to Wyoming Valley as captain of a company,
in which last encounter of the Pennamite war Jesse Lukens,
son of the Surveyor General of the Province, lost his life.
Meanwhile the storm of war with the mother country
broke upon the shores of New England, and when the news
of the Battle of Bunker Hill reached this valley, its heroic
settlers promptly accepted the arbitrament of the sword, and
Captain John Lowdon's company, one hundred strong,
marched for Boston, Captain Samuel Brady, then a young
man of twenty years, went along as a private, entering the
trenches at Cambridge, with Lowdon, on the 31st of
Two Battalions of Associators were organized on the
West Branch, one commanded by Colonel Hunter, the other
6y Colonel William Plunket ; in the latter Battalion Captain
John Brady was commissioned First Major (March 13,
1776). On the 4th of July, 1776, he attended the Conven-
tion of Associators, at Lancaster, as one of the representa-
tives of Plunket's Battalion, where Daniel Roberdean and