N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

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Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 19 of 34)
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6. Fort Brown, Tex., surrendered by Captain Hill, U. S. A.
9. Confederate Congress passed an act to establish an army.
11. General Bragg assumed command of the Confederate forces in Florida.
22. Col. William W. Loring, U. S. A., assumed command of the Department of New

Mexico.

28. Vote of Louisiana on secession made public; 20,448 for, 17,926 against.
30. Mississippi convention ratified Confederate constitution by a vote of 78 to 70.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 18GO-1805. 149

1861.
APRIL.

3. South Carolina convention ratified the Confederate constitution by a vote of 114

to 16.

4. Virginia convention, by a vote of 89 to 45, refused to submit an ordinance of

secession to the people.

7. All intercourse between Fort Sumter and Charleston, S. C., stopped by order of

General Beauregard.

8. The United States Government notified the South Carolina authorities that pro

visions would be sent to Major Anderson at Fort Sumter by force, if necessary;
the State Department refused to recognize the commissioners from the Con
federate States.

11. United States troops were stationed at Washington, D. C. ; the Confederate com

missioners left Washington, D. C. ; General Beauregard demanded the surren
der of Fort Sumter; Major Anderson refused.

12. Bombardment of Fort Sumter; Fort Moultrie opened fire at 4 o clock a. m.; Fort

Sumter did not reply until 7 o clock; Major Anderson had under his command
111 men, including officers, musicians, and laborers.

13. The bombardment continued; by noon most of the woodwork was on fire; Gen

eral Wigfall came with a flag of truce, and arrangements were made for evacu
ating the fort; the terms were that the garrison should take all its individual
and company property; that they should march out with their side arms in
their own way, at their own time, and that they should salute their flag and take
it with them; Daniel Hough, private, Battery E, First United States Artil
lery, was killed by the premature explosion of a cannon while saluting the
Union flag on Fort Sumter at the evacuation; he was buried on the 15th, with
all the honors of war, by order of General Beauregard, C. S. A. ; he was the first
soldier killed in the war; Col. Harvey Brown, Second United States Artillery,
assumed command of the Department of Florida.

14. Major Anderson and his men sailed for New York.

15. President Lincoln issued a proclamation commanding all persons in arms against

the Government to disperse within twenty days, and also called for 75,000
troops; President Lincoln called an extra session of Congress to meet July 4;
the governor of North Carolina refused to furnish the quota of militia to "the
United States; Fort Macon, N. C., seized by State troops.

16. Governor Magoffin declared that "Kentucky would furnish no troops for the

wicked purpose of subduing her sister States."

16. The Confederate government called for 32,000 men; the governors of Kentucky,

Virginia, Tennessee, and Missouri refused to furnish troops under President
Lincoln s proclamation.

17. Virginia convention adopted the ordinance of secession to be submitted to the

people; Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation offering letters of marque and
reprisal to all who wished to engage in privateering.

18. United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va., destroyed by Lieutenant Jones to pre

vent it falling into the hands of the Confederates; Colonel Cake with 400 men
of the Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers arrived in Washington, D. C.,
the first volunteer troops to enter the city for its defense. Governor Jackson,
of Missouri, declared that the requisition of President Lincoln for troops was
"illegal, unconstitutional, revolutionary, and diabolical."

19. President Lincoln proclaimed the Southern ports in a state of blockade. The

Sixth Massachusetts Volunteers was attacked by a mob while passing through
Baltimore, Md., and 3 soldiers were killed; the soldiers fired on the mob,
killing 11 and wounding many; Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson, Pennsylvania
militia, was assigned to command of the States of Delaware, Maryland,
Pennsylvania, and District of Columbia; Philadelphia appropriated 1,000,000
to equip volunteers and support their families.

20. Several bridges on the Northern Pennsylvania Railroad destroyed by Maryland

Confederates to prevent the passage of troops to Washington; the Fourth
Massachusetts arrived at Fortress Monroe, Va. ; the Gosport Navy- Yard
destroyed, and several war vessels scuttled by General McCauley to prevent
them falling into the hands of the Confederates; the Cumberland was towed
out; General Butler s command arrived at Annapolis, Md.; United States arse
nal at Liberty, Mo., seized by Confederates.

21. The Government took possession of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad;

Senator Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, mobbed at Lynchburg, Va.; Colonel
Van Dorn, C. S. A., assumed command in Texas; United States mint at
Charlotte, N. C., seized.



150 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1800-3865.

1861.

22. United States arsenal at Fayetteville, N. C., seized by State troops; governor of

Arkansas refused to furnish quota of militia to United States.

23. Fort Smith, Ark., seized by Confederates; Maj. Gen. R. E. Lee assigned to com

mand of the State military and naval forces in Virginia; United States officers
at San Antonio, Tex., seized by Confederates as prisoners of war.

25. Major Sibley surrendered 420 United States troops to Colonel Van Dorn, C. S. A.,

at Saluria, Tex. ; Governor Letcher proclaimed Virginia a member of the South
ern Confederacy.

26. Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston assigned to command of Virginia State forces in

and about Richmond.

27. All officers of the United States Army were required to take the oath of alle

giance to the United States; Brig, Gen. B. F. Butler, Massachusetts militia,
assigned to command of Department of Annapolis; Col. K. F. Mansfield,
U. S. A., assigned to command of Department of Washington; the Naval
Academy at Annapolis, Md., ordered to Fort Adams, K. I.

29. Maryland house of delegates rejected the ordinance of secession by a vote of 63
to 13.

MAY.

1. Governor Letcher, of Virginia, called for volunteers for the Confederate army.

3. President Lincoln called for 42,000 three-years volunteers, 22,000 for the Regular

Army and 18,000 seamen; 14 companies of Kentucky volunteers offered their
services to the United States Secretary of War, notwithstanding the governor s
refusal; Connecticut legislature appropriated $2,000,000 for military purposes.

4. United States ordnance stores seized at Kansas City, Mo.

5. General Butler took possession of the Relay House, Maryland; Alexandria, Va.,

abandoned by Confederates.

6. Confederate capital removed to Richmond, Va. ; ordinance of secession adopted

by Arkansas and Tennessee.

7. Route between Philadelphia, Harrisburg, and Washington, via Baltimore, rees

tablished; Governor Harris, of Tennessee, placed all the State troops under
Confederate control, although the State had not yet seceded.

10. Confederate force of 800 men surrendered to Captain (afterward General) Lyon

at St. Louis.

11. Riot at St. Louis, Mo.; blockade of Charleston, S. C., established by steamer

Niagara.

13. Gen. George B. McClellan, U. S. A., assumed command of Department of the

Ohio; Baltimore, Md., occupied by United States troops.

14. Vessel loaded with arms for the Confederate States and a large number of guns

seized at Baltimore by Gen. B. F. Butler; Ross Winans, of Baltimore, Md.,
imprisoned in Fort McHenry.

15. Queen Victoria ordered her subjects to take no part in the war.

16. A bridge on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad destroyed; General Scott ordered

that Arlington Heights, Virginia, be fortified.

17. Confederate spies arrested in Washington; Adams Express Company prohibited

from carrying letters or packages south of Washington.

20. Governor Magoffin declared the neutrality of Kentucky; ordinance of secession

adopted by North Carolina; United States officers took possession of all the
telegraphic messages sent during the past year, in order to discover who had
been corresponding with the Confederates.

21. Jefferson Davis approved the act compelling payment into the Confederate

treasury of all moneys due Northern creditors.

22. Gen. B. F. Butler assigned to command of Fortress Monroe, Va.

24. Thirteen thousand United States troops crossed the Potomac into Virginia; Alex

andria and Arlington Heights occupied; Col. E. E. Ellsworth, of the Eleventh
New York Infantry (First Fire Zouaves), killed at Alexandria, Va., by Jack
son, a hotel keeper, who was instantly shot by Francis E. Brownell.

25. Union troops destroyed 7 bridges and 5 miles of railroad between Alexandria and

Leesburg, Va.

26. Western Virginia gave a large majority in favor of the Union; New Orleans block

aded by United States sloop of war Brooklyn; all postal service in the seceded
States suspended.

28. Brig. Gen. Irwin McDowell, U. S. A., assumed command of Department of North

eastern Virginia.

31. The steamers Freeborn and Anacostd engaged the Confederate batteries at Aquia
Creek, Virginia.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1800-1865. 151

1861.



2. General Beauregard assumed command of the Confederate forces at Manassas

Junction, Virginia.

3. Hon. Stephen A. Douglas died at Chicago; the voluntary contributions in the

Northern States to carry on the war amounted to over 832,000,000.

0. A company of Confederate cavalry captured at Alexandria, Va., took the oath of

allegiance.
8. Virginia State troops transferred to Confederate States.

11. Colonel Canby, U. S. A., reported that Colonel Loring had abandoned the com
mand of the Department of New Mexico.

15. Confederates evacuated Harpers Ferry, armory machinery taken to Richmond;
the brig Perry arrived at New York with the privateer SarannaJi, captured
June 4.

17. Wheeling convention unanimously declared western Virginia independent of the
Confederate portion of the State; a train of cars with 275 Ohio volunteers was
fired into near Vienna, Va., and 8 men killed and 12 wounded.

20. Union convention elected Frank D. Pierpont governor of Virginia; General
McClellan assumed command in person of the army in western Virginia.

23. Forty-eight locomotives, valued at $400,000, and belonging to the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, were destroyed by the Confederates.

26. President Lincoln acknowledged the Wheeling government of Virginia.

27. George P. Kane, marshal of Baltimore police, arrested by General Banks and

sent to Fort McHenry.

29. Confederates made a dash at Harpers Ferry, destroying several boats and the
railroad bridge.

JULY.

1. Congressional election in Kentucky; Union majority nearly 60,000; arrest of

Baltimore police commissioners; "orders issued for raising United States troops
in Kentucky and Tennessee.

4. Congress met in extra session; Confederates seized the Louisville and Nashville

Railroad.
8. Brig. Gen. Henry H. Sibley, C. S. A., ordered to Texas to expel L T nion forces

from New Mexico.

11. The following members were expelled from the L T nited States Senate 1 : J.M.
Mason and R. M. Hunter, of Virginia; T. L. Clingimm and Thomas Brag<r, of
North Carolina; L. T. Wigfall and J. U. Hemphill, of Texas; C. B. Mitchell and
W. K. Sebastian, of Arkansas, and A. 0. F. Nicholson, of Tennessee.

15. Military forces, stores, etc., of Arkansas, transferred to Confederate" States.

16. President Lincoln authorized to call the militia and accept the services of 500,000

men.

20. Confederate congress met at Richmond.

21. General Banks superseded General Patterson in the command of the Department

of the Shenandoah, headquarters in the field.

22. The three-months volunteers began to return home.

23. Department of Maryland created and Gen. John A. Dix placed in command, head

quarters at Baltimore; Brig. Gen. W. S. Rosecrans assumed command of tin
Department of Ohio, embracing a portion of western Virginia.

25. General Fremont appointed to command of Western Department, headquarters

at St. Louis; Gen. John A. Dix assumed command of Department of Pennsyl
vania.

26. Fort Fillmore, N. Mex. , treacherously surrendered to the Confederates by Major

Lynde, U. S. A.

27. General McClellan took command of the Department of the Potomac.

AUGUST.

1. Gen. R. E. Lee, C. S. A., commanding in western Virginia.

3. Congress passed the confiscation bill and a bill to raise 820,000,000 by direct tax
ation.

5. The Alvarado burned off Fernandina, Fla., by the United States vessel Vincenne*.

6. Extra session of Congress closed.

7. Village of Hampton, Va., burned by Confederates.



152 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1800-J865.

1861.

8. Brig. Gen. U. S. Grant assumed command of the district of Ironton, Mo. ; a public
dinner and serenade at Baltimore to John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky; an
attempt to address the people prevented by the noise and outcries of Union
men.

10. General Lyon killed at the battle of Wilson Creek, Missouri.

14. General Fremont declared martial law in St. Louis.

15. Jefferson Davis ordered all Northern men to leave the South in forty days.

16. President Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring the seceding States in a nta;v

of insurrection and prohibiting all intercourse with them.

17. General Wool took command at Fortress Monroe.

20. Major-General McClellan assumed command of the Army of the Potomac.
26. The first naval expedition sailed from Fortress Monroe.

30. Emancipation proclamation issued by General Fremont. (See September 11.)

SEPTEMBER.

1. General Grant assumed command in southern Missouri.

2. Destruction of United States dry dock at Pensacola, Fla.

4. Kentucky invaded by Confederate troops, who commenced fortifications at Heich-

man, Chalk Cliffs, and Columbus.

6. Paducah, Ky., occupied by Union troops.

7. Kentucky house of representatives directed the stars and stripes to be hoisted

over the State house.

11. President Lincoln modified General Fremont s emancipation proclamation, issued

August 30; Kentucky house of representatives adopted a resolution directing
the Confederate troops to leave the State.

12. Col. J. A. Washington, proprietor of Mount Vernon, killed at battle of Cheat

Mountain, West Virginia.
12-17. Arrest of members of Maryland legislature and other citizens of that State.

13. Arrest of several members of the Maryland legislature, by which means the plot

to vote the State out of the Union was frustrated.

14. Descent upon Pensacola Navy- Yard by United States gunboats.

18. Col. Frank Blair arrested by order of General Fremont; Maryland legislature

closed by provost-marshal secession members sent to Fort McHenry ; Bowling
Green, Ky., occupied by Confederates.

19. Governor Morehead, Reuben Merritt, and M. A. Barr arrested in Louisville, Ky.,

for treason.

21. John C. Breckenridge fled from Frankfort, Ky., to join the Confederates; Gen.

A. S. Johnston, C. S. A., called upon Tennessee to furnish 30,000 men.

22. Arkansas and Mississippi called upon to furnish 10,000 men each for the Confed

erate army.

OCTOBER.

1. Department of New England constituted, General Butler, U. S. A., in command.

7. The Confederate ironclad steamer Merrimac made its first appearance in sight of

Fortress Monroe.

8. Brig. -Gen. W. T. Sherman superseded General Anderson in command of Depart

ment of the Cumberland.

9. Colonel Geary with 400 Pennsylvania troops crossed the Potomac at Harper s

Ferry and seized 21,000 bushels of wheat.
11. The Confederate steamer Theodore escaped from Charleston, S. C., with Mason

and Slidell on board, the Confederate commissioners to Europe; Brig. -Gen.

W. S. Rosecrans assumed command of the Department of Western Virginia.
21. Colonel Baker killed at battle of Balls Bluff, Virginia.
29. The second naval expedition, consisting of 80 vessels and 15,000 men, sailed from

Fortress Monroe, commanded by Commodore Dupont and Gen. W. T. Sherman.

NOVEMBER.

1. General Scott resigned as commander in chief of the armies of the United States;

General McClellan appointed in his place.

2. General Hunter superseded General Fremont in command of the Western

Department.

5. Gen. R. E. Lee, C. S. A., assigned to command the Department of South Carolina,

Georgia, and eastern Florida.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865. 153

1861.

8-18. Revolt of Unionists in East Tennessee.

10. By order of the Confederate government, certain United States officers, prisoners

at Richmond, Va., were chosen by lot to stand as hostages for the Confederate
privateersmen in prison in Philadelphia and New York City.

15. United States frigate San Jacinto arrived at Fortress Monroe with Mason and
Slidell.

18. Confederate congress met; Capt. A. H. Foote, U. S. N., appointed nag officer of

the Western fleet, giving him a rank equal to major-general.

19. (Jen. A. S. Johnston, C. S. A., called upon Tennessee to furnish all the troops

that could be armed.

20. Review of 70,000 troops near Washington, D. C., by General McClellan; Gov

ernor Taylor, of North Carolina, issued a proclamation calling upon the people
to return" to their allegiance to the United States Government.

27. General McClellan directed the observance of the Sabbath in all the camps of the
United States Army; the United States Government assumed control of the
Mississippi River below St. Louis, Mo.

29. The British Government forbade the shipment of saltpeter.

30. General Price called upon the people of Missouri for 50,000 volunteers to aid him

in securing the State to the Confederacy.

DECEMBER,

3. Congress met; the name of the new State changed from Kanawha to Western

Virginia.

4. Queen Victoria issued a proclamation forbidding the shipment of nitrate of soda,

brimstone, lead, and firearms from British ports; General Halleck ordered that
persons giving aid to the rebels be imprisoned; that those giving information
be treated as spies, and that the Union refugees in St. Louis be maintained
at the expense of the secessionists of the city; John C. Breckenridge expelled
from the United States Senate.

9. Confederate congress passed a bill admitting Kentucky into the Southern Con
federacy.
12. Great fiWat Charleston, S. C., totally destroying the business portion of the city.

18. General Pope captured 1,300 Confederates, a number of horses and wagons, and

1,000 stand of arms at Milford, Mo.

20. Stone fleet sunk in Charleston Harbor by Union forces; also see January 23, 1862.

21. Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise assigned to command of Confederate forces in North

Carolina.

22. General Halleck ordered that persons who burn bridges and destroy telegraph

lines and railroads shall be shot if found guilty, and that the cost for the neces
sary repairs shall be assessed upon the towns and counties where the destruc
tion is committed.

26. About 200 Government horses burned at Washington, D. C.

27. Mason and Slidell surrendered to the British minister.

1862.
JANUARY.

1. Mason and Slidell left Fort Warren for England, in the British steamer Rinaldo.

11. Simon Cameron resigned as Secretary of War, and E. M. Stan ton appointed.

19. Battle of Millsprings, Ky., General Zollicoffer, C. S. A., killed.

23. The second stone fleet sunk in Charleston Harbor.

31. Congress passed an act giving the President the authority to take possession of all

the railroads and telegraph lines in the United States whenever he thought
the public safety required it.

FEBRUARY.

3. Confederate steamer Nashville allowed to leave Southampton, England, and the
Union gunboat Tuscarora detained twenty-four hours, until the Nashville
escaped.

5. Jesse D. Bright, of Indiana, expelled from the United States Senate.

8. Battle of Roanoke Island, General Burnside captured six forts, taking about 3,000
small arms and destroying ail the Confederate fleet except two vessels; 2,500
prisoners and a large quantity of ammunition captured.



154 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1862.

9. Gen. C. P. Stone arrested for treason and sent to Fort Lafayette.
13. General Curtis took possession of Springfield, Mo.

10. Tennessee Iron Works, near Dover, destroyed by the United States gunboat

St.. Louis.
17. Two Confederate regiments of Tennesseeans, unaware of the capture of Fort

Donelson, marched into the fort with colors flying and drums beating to reeii-

force Floyd and Pillow, and were all taken prisoners.
2 2. Jefferson Davis inaugurated president, and A. H. Stephens, vice-president, of the

Southern Confederacy.

23. Forty-two officers and men of the Missouri Cavalry poisoned at Fayetteville, Ark.,

by a quantity of poisoned meal left behind by the Confederates.
25. Nashville, Term., occupied by Union troops.

MARCH.

3. Gen. R. E. Lee s army called to Richmond, Va.

4. Andrew Johnson appointed military governor of Tennessee.

5. Gen. G. T. Beauregard assumes command of the Confederate Army of the Mis

sissippi.

0. President Lincoln recommended that the Government cooperate with any State
that would abolish slavery, by giving whatever pecuniary aid was necessary to
compensate them for the inconvenience of the change.

8. The Army of the Potomac was divided into five corps by order of the Presi

dent, the first commanded by Major-General Summer, the second by Major-
General McDowell, the third by Brigadier-General Heintzelman, the fourth by
Brigadier-General Keyes, and the fifth by Major-General Banks. Confede
rate steamers Merrimac, Jamestown, and Yorktown attacked the Union fleet in
Hampton Roads, destroying the Cumberland and Congress, and damaging seve
ral other vessels.

9. Duel of the Monitor and Merrimacm Hampton Roads. After three hours fighting

the Merrimac was towed under the protection of the battery at Sewell s Point,
but did not renew the contest. The Monitor was uninjured.

11. General McClellan relieved of the command of the armies of the United States,

but retained command of the Army of the Potomac.
11-12. Winchester, Ya., abandoned by Confederates and occupied by Union forces.

13. Gen. R. E. Lee charged with the military operations of the armies of the Con

federacy.

14. Brigadier-General Rosecrans assumed command of the Mountain Department.

16. General Garfield, with 600 Ohio and Kentucky Volunteers, surprised and routed

the enemy at Pound Gap, Tenn., burned the camp, with arms and munitions,
and returned without loss or damage to a single man.

17. Embarkation of the Army of the Potomac for the Peninsula commenced at

Alexandria, Ya.

18. Jefferson Davis recommended that all paroled Confederate soldiers be released

from parole and compelled to reenter the service.
20. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler assumed command of the Department of the Gulf.

24. Anti-Secession meeting at Jacksonville, Fla. , which condemned the State Secession

convention.

29. Maj. Gen. John A. Dix assigned to command of the Middle Department, head
quarters at Baltimore, Md.

APRIL.

2. All United States recruiting officers ordered to return to their respective regi
ments, the force in the field being deemed sufficient for the speedy termina
tion of the war.

7. Maj. Gen. A. S. Johnston, C. S. A., killed at the battle of Shiloh, Tenn.
9. Jacksonville, Fla., evacuated by Union forces.

10-11. Fort Pulaski, commanding the approach to Savannah, surrendered after a
bombardment of thirty hours. The Merrimac made her second appearance in
Hampton Roads and destroyed 3 small vessels. Congress abolished slavery in
the District of Columbia.
17. Grierson s raid. (See May 2.)
18-28. Bombardment and capture of Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the Mississippi.

(See April 28.)

24. The Union fleet, having removed the obstructions in the Mississippi, passed
Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the way to New Orleans.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1805. 155

1862.

25. Commodore Farragut arrived at New Orleans and took possession of the city;

Gen. C. F. Smith died at Savannah, Tenn.

28. Surrender of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Miss. ; while the terms of surrender

were being settled the Confederates set fire to the ram Louisiana and sent it
down against the Union fleet, but it exploded prematurely.

MAY.

9. Major-General Hunter, commanding Department of the South, declared Georgia,
Florida, and South Carolina under martial law, and the slaves in those : tates
free. (See May 19th.)
9-12. Confederates evacuated Pensacola, Fla. , and destroyed the navy-yard.

10. The Union forces took possession of Norfolk, Ya. ; the result of this movement

was the destruction of the ironclad Merrimac and the capture of a number of



Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 19 of 34)