N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

. (page 20 of 34)
Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 20 of 34)
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Sins and a large amount of ammunition; Gosport Navy- Yard destroyed by
onfederates; naval engagement on the Mississippi above Fort Wright, during
which an attempt to board the United States gunboat Cincinnati was twice
repulsed by the use of hot water and steam.

11. Robert Small, a slave, navigated an armed Confederate steamer with a crew of

slaves and their families from Charleston, S. C., and surrendered to the United

States blockading fleet.
19. President Lincoln declared General Hunter s proclamation of May 9 to have been

issued without authority and therefore void.
30. Union troops took possession of Corinth, Miss.

JUNE.

3. Confederate officers ordered to wear fatigue dress and not to expose themselves
unnecessarily in battle, as it is unsoldierlike.

6. Gunboat engagement on the Mississippi, near Memphis; seven Confederate boats

were destroyed or captured; after the naval battle Memphis surrendered to the
Union troops; General Ashby, C. S. A., killed near Harrisonburg, Ya.

7. William B. Mumford hung at New Orleans, by order of Gen. B. F. Butler, for

high treason in tearing down the American flag.
18. Union troops occupied Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.
23. Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck assumed command of the armies of the United

States.

26. General Pope assigned to the command of the Army of Virginia; Maj. Gen. N. P.

Banks and Irvin McDowell, U. S. A., assumed command of the Second and
Third Corps, Army of Yirginia; Commodore Farragut s fleet passed Vicks-
burg and joined Commodore Da vis s fleet above.

27. Bombardment of Yicksburg commenced; General Fremont relieved of his com

mand.

29. Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, U. S. A., assumed command of the First Corps, Army of

Yirginia.

JULY.

1. Battle of Malvern Hill and last of the Richmond battles; President Lincoln called

for 300,000 additional volunteers.
11. General Halleck appointed commander of all the land forces of the United States;

Confederate General Morgan entered Glasgow, Ky., and called upon the Ken-

tuckians to rise.
18. A band of Confederates entered Newburg, Ind., destroyed hospital stores, and

captured 250 stand of arms; General Twiggs died.

21. John S. Phelps appointed military governor of Arkansas.

22. Siege of Yicksburg abandoned.

AUGUST.

3. The Confederate General Jeff Thompson defeated near Memphis, Tenn. ; General

Halleck ordered General McClellan to evacuate the peninsula of Yirginia.

4. The Secretary of War ordered a draft of 300,000 men; Confederate ram Arkansas

destroyed by her crew; General Butler ordered that the subscribers to the
Con federate loan fund of $1,250,000 for the defense of New Orleans against the
United States Government should be assessed at the rate of one-fourth their
subscription, for the support of the poor of the city.



156 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1862.

5. Gen. Robert McCook killed by Confederates while wounded and riding in an

ambulance.
8. United States War Department ordered the arrest of all persons who discouraged

volunteer enlistments.

16. General McClellan evacuated Harrisons Landing, Virginia.

19. General Wright placed in command of the Department of the Ohio; Col. Rodney
Mason surrendered Clarksville, Term., to an inferior force without firing a gini,
and was cashiered for cowardice.

27. Federal gunboats destroyed the Confederate works at City Point, Va.

28. General Scofield, commanding at St. Louis, assessed $500,000 on the Secessionists

of that county to equip the militia enrolled for the defense of the State, and
to support their destitute families.

SEPTEMBER.

1. The Union troops evacuated Lexington, Ky.

2. General McClellan appointed to the command of the troops for the defense of

Washington; martial law declared in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Newport and
Covington, Ky.

5. Confederates began crossing the Potomac into Maryland.

6. Colonel Lowe recaptured Clarksville, Term.

7. General Banks assigned to the command of the fortifications in and around Wash

ington; General McClellan took the field at the head of the Army of the
Potomac.

11. Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, called out 50,000 citizens for immediate service
to repel an expected advance of the Confederates into that State.

14. Battle of South Mountain, Maryland; General Reno killed.

15. Harpers Ferry surrendered, after two days fighting, to the enemy, with all the

garrison, consisting of 8,000 men.

16. Mumfordsville, Ky., captured by the Confederates; about 4,000 prisoners taken.

18. Confederates recrossed the Potomac into Virginia, having been in Maryland two

weeks; Confederates evacuated Harpers Ferry.

19. General McCook recaptured Mumfordsville, Ky.

22. President Lincoln s emancipation proclamation issued; ten citizens of Missouri
who had violated their oath of allegiance to the United States shot at Hudson,
Mo., by order of a court-martial.

29. General Nelson was shot by Gen. Jeff. C. Davis at Louisville, Ky.

OCTOBER.

3. Army of the Potomac reviewed by President Lincoln near Harpers Ferry, Va.

10. Confederate cavalry, under General Stuart, entered Chambersburg, Pa., and

captured a quantity of small arms and clothing.
18. General Morgan, C. S. A., occupied Lexington, Ky.
22. Confederate salt works in Florida destroyed.

30. General Rosecrans assumed command of the Army of the Cumberland; General

Mitchell died at Port Royal, S. C.

NOVEMBER.

1. Ex-President Buchanan published in the Washington National Intelligencer a
defense of his administration in regard to the anticipated rebellion in the
cotton States.

5. General McClellan relieved of the command or the Army of the Potomac and
General Burnside put in his place.

11. Under the cartel tha following United States officers were exchanged: Brigadier-

generals, 3; colonels, 18; lieutenant-colonels, 19; captains, 431; lieutenants,
545. Confederate officers: Colonels, 27; lieutenant-colonels, 17; captains, 467;
lieutenants, 1,085. About 24,000 privates were also exchanged, leaving a bal
ance due the United States of 6,000 privates.

16. President Lincoln enjoined on the United States forces the orderly observance

of the Sabbath.

17. Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation that unless General McNeill, of the Mis

souri Militia, who had hanged 10 guerrillas accused of the murder of a Union
citizen, was delivered up to him he would hang 10 United States officers who
might fall into his hands.
22. All political State prisoners released by order of the Secretary of War.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865. 157

1862.
DECEMBER.

1. Third session of Thirty-seventh Congress; President s message recommended the
passage of a law guaranteeing compensation to each loyal State that would
emancipate its slaves before the year 1900.

6. General Banks s expedition sailed for New Orleans.

7. Confederate General Morgan captured the One hundred and fourth Illinois, the

One hundred and sixth and One hundred and eighth Ohio, and a number
of the Second Indiana Cavalry at Hartsville, Tenn.; California steamer Ariel,
captured by the Alabama, was released upon a ransom of $228,000, to be paid
at the close of the war.

11. The city of Fredericksburg bombarded by Union troops, under cover of which

they crossed the Rappahannock.

13. An expedition under Commodore Parker destroyed the Confederate salt works;

also five schooners and two sloops in Mob Jack Bay.

14. General Banks s expedition arrived at New Orleans, and Major-General Butler

was superseded.

18. Certain Republican Senators having accused Secretaries Seward and Chase of

being responsible lor the disaster at Fredericksburg, the latter tendered their
resignations; but while they were under advisement, General Burnside wrote
to General Halleck assuming the responsibility of the failure, and the resigna
tions were not accepted.

19. Holly Springs, Miss., taken by Confederate cavalry, who captured 1,950 officers

and men and destroyed commissary stores worth $2,000,000.
23. Proclamation of Jefferson Davis denouncing the conduct of General Butler at New

Orleans, and the hanging of Munford and threatening to hang Butler if caught,

or any of his officers, and prohibiting any exchange of Federal officers taken

prisoner thereafter.
28. Thirty -eight Sioux Indians, convicted of murdering the inhabitants of Minnesota,

hanged at Mankato.
31. West Virginia admitted into the Union as a State, taking effect June 20; steamer

Monitor foundered on the coast of South Carolina.

1863.
JANUARY.

1. The steamer Harriet Lane captured by the Confederates at the attack on Galves-

ton, Tex. ; the West/all, which had got aground, destroyed to prevent her fall
ing into their hands, Commodore Renshaw and Lieutenants Green and Zim-
meran perishing \vith the vessel by reason of premature explosion; Richard
Yeadon, of Charleston, S. C., offered $10,000 (Confederate currency) to any
one who would capture and deliver Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, U. S. A.,
dead or alive, to any Confederate authority.

6. Jefferson Davis stated in his message to the Confederate congress that, in retalia
tion for the emancipation proclamation, he would deliver to the State authori
ties all United States officers captured thereafter, to be treated as criminals.

12. Three Federal transports on the Cumberland River were captured by the enemy;

the gunboat Slide*, which was in company, surrendered without firing a gun.

21. President Lincoln approved the sentence of the court-martial dismissing Gen.
Fitz-John Porter from the Army for disobedience of orders in not reenforcing
General Pope at the battle of Manassas, and in neglecting to execute certain
maneuvers which would probably have gained the battle.

26. Secretary Stanton authorized the recruiting in Massachusetts of persons of Afri
can descent for military duty.

28. General Burnside relieved of the command of the Army of the Potomac and Gen
eral Hooker appointed in his place; General Sumner and General Franklin
were relieved from duty in the Army of the Potomac.

FEBRUARY.

2. The Federal ram Queen of the West ran the blockade at Vicksburg, Miss. , but was

captured April 22 by the Confederates.

5. The United States ram Queen of the West destroyed three steamers on the Missis
sippi, below Vicksburg, laden with stores and munitions of war.



158 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1863.

13. The ironclad Indicmola ran the blockade at Vicksburg, arid was captured.
18. Gunboats commenced the bombardment of Vicksburg.

26. A train of 28 cars on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad captured by the rebels

at Woodburn, Ky., and destroyed; conscription bill passed Congress.

27. The Confederate steamer Nashville, while attempting to run the blockade, got

aground near Fort McAllister, Ga. , and was destroyed by the blockading fleet.

MARCH.

3. Confederates blew up their ironclad gunboat Indianola, being frightened by the

approach of a sham monitor rigged on a flatboat, which had been fitted up to

draw the fire of the batteries at Vicksburg in order to ascertain the number

and location of the guns.

9. A band of Confederate cavalry passed through the Union lines, entered Fairfax,

Va., and captured General Stoughton and a few privates.

10. President Lincoln issued a proclamation warning all deserters to return to service
before April 1.

14. Commodore Farragut s fleet attempted to pass the Confederate batteries at Port

Hudson, La., but only a part of the vessels succeeded; the Mississippi got
aground and was destroyed.

17. Two hundred cavalry, uncler command of General Averill, crossed the Rappa-
hannpck, near Kellys Ford, where but a single horseman could cross at once,
and, in the face of a terrible fire from rifle pits and sharpshooters, charged the
Confederates in their intrenchments, killing or capturing nearly the whole
force; they then encountered Stuart s cavalry and, after a desperate hand-to-
hand fight of five hours, routed them, with great loss, capturing 80 prisoners.

20. Major-General Burnside appointed to command of the Department of the Ohio;
negro brigade took Jacksonville, Fla.

APRIL.

1. Bread riot in Richmond, Va., by a mob of 3,000 women, who broke open gov

ernment and private stores, and took bread, clothing, and provisions.

2. An iron steamship, The Japan, ostensibly built for the Emperor of China, left

Greenock, Scotland, for the coast of France, where she took on 12 Whitworth
guns with ammunition, and then hoisted the Confederate flag and became the
privateer Georgia.

6. General Mitchell, with 300 cavalry, dashed into a Confederate camp near Nash

ville on a saber charge, capturing 5, killing 15, and capturing all their tents,
arms, horses, and equipments.

7. Attack on Charleston; Federal fleet was composed of 9 ironclad vessels, under

the command of Commodore Dupont; the fight began on the afternoon of the
7th and lasted about two hours; the Kc.okuk was so badly damaged that she
sank in a few hours; several other vessels were temporarily disabled; the fleet
was then withdrawn; Colonel Streight s command of 1,700 men captured by
Forrest s cavalry, 2 miles from Cedar Bluff, Ga., after severe fighting; Confed
erate General Van Dorn killed by Dr. Peters, in Maury County, Tenn.
13. General Burnside at Cincinnati, Ohio, issued an order denouncing the penalty of
death against all persons found guilty of aiding the rebels, and declaring that
all rebel sympathizers should be arrested and sent beyond the lines. New
York riot ;" Irish laborers attacked the negroes.

17. General Banks s command left Baton Rouge, fought three battles, two on land

and one on Grand Lake, capturing 2.000 prisoners; six vessels of Porter s fleet
ran by the Confederate batteries at Vicksburg, Miss.

18. Fayetteville, Ark., attacked by 3,000 Confederates, with four pieces of artillery;

Union forces numbered but 2,000; Confederates were repulsed.

22. Federal ram Queen of the West captured in Grand Lake, with Captain Fuller and
all her officers and crew, numbering 90; General McClellan s staff disbanded;
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad destroyed between Cumberland and Graf ton;
advance guard of Marmaduke s army, under command of Colonel Newton,
was surprised, the entire regiment being either killed or captured by the Union
forces under Vandever.



CHRONOLOGICAL BECOKD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865. 159

1863.
MAY.

2. Grierson s raid; on the morning of the 17th of April, 1863, the Sixth and Seventh

Illinois Cavalry, 900 strong, under Colonel Grierson of the Sixth (together
with 6 pieces of artillery), set out from Lagrange, Term., and pursuing in the
main a southerly course, marched through the center of Mississippi, destroy
ing as they went railroads, bridges, cars, locomotives, and stores of all kinds
belonging to the Confederates. They traveled on an average of 40 miles per
day; reached Baton Rouge, La., on the evening of May 2; traveled nearly 800
miles in sixteen days, and traversed seventeen counties; brought into Baton
Rouge over 1,000 horses and a large number of cattle; 500 negroes followed
them.

3. Fredericksburg, Va. Second attempt to capture Fredericksburg was made by the

Army of the Potomac under General Hooker and failed.

5. Clement L. Vallandigham arrested at his home in Dayton, Ohio, by order of
General Burnside, for uttering disloyal sentiments in a public speech; tried by
court-martial and sentenced to close confinement at Fort \Varren, Boston,
Mass. ; President Lincoln changed the sentence to transportation beyond the
enemy s lines; while in banishment, June 11, 1863, he was nominated for
Democratic governor of Ohio and returned to his home June 15, 1864; office of
the Dayton Journal destroyed by the mob; Suffolk, Va,, abandoned by the
Confederate troops ami the fortifications destroyed; one hundred prominent
secessionists of St. Louis sent south.

8. Proclamation by the President that all foreigners who had declared their intention

to become citizens would be liable to enrollment and draft if they remained
in the country sixty-five days.

10. Confederate General Stonewall Jackson died at Richmond, Va., of wounds and

pneumonia.

11. Buell court of inquiry adjourned after a session of one hundred and sixty-five

days.

14. Grant defeated Joseph E. Johnston and captured Jackson, Miss., with 17 cannon

and large quantities of military stores, besides 400 prisoners; the State capitol
was destroyed by fire.

24. Austin, Miss., burned by Colonel Ellet s marine brigade.

25. Confederate navy-yard at Yazoo City destroyed.

28. The gunboat Cincinnati sunk by the Confederate batteries near Vicksburg; went

down with her flag flying; 25 men were killed and wounded and 15 drowned.

29. An immense train, consisting of 600 wagons, 3,000 horses and mules, ^,500 head

of cattle, and 6,000 negroes from the Teche country, Louisiana, arrived within
General Banks s lines.

JUNE.

1. General Hunter removed from the command of the Department of the South;

General Gilmore succeeded him.
3. Colonel Montgomery, of the Second South Carolina (colored) regiment, made a

brilliant raid at the head of 200 men, up the Coosaw River, and about 25

miles into the interior, bringing back 725 negroes, a fine lot of blooded

horses, and other property valued at $600,000.

9. Col. Lawrence William Orten, formerly Lawrence Williams, United States Cav

alry, and Lieutenant Dunlop, both of the Confederate Army, were arrested
at Franklin, Tenn., in full Federal uniform, with forged orders and passes
from Adjutant-General Townsend and General Rosecrans, as inspectors of the
United States Army; they were hung as spies.

11. The famous blockade* runner Herald was sunk at midnight by a broadside from
our blockading fleet off Charleston.

15. President Lincoln called upon Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Maryland to furnish

100,000 men to protect those States against a threatened invasion.

17. Two hundred Confederate cavalry which had made a raid into Indiana were cap
tured on their return at the Ohio River. The Confederate ram Atlanta was
decoyed into Wilmington waters, off the coast of South Carolina, and captured,
after a brief fight, by the Weehauken, commanded by Capt, John Rodgers.

21 . General McClernand removed by Grant and General Ord put in his place.

26. Rear- Admiral Foote died in New York City.

27. York, Pa., surrendered to the Confederates by the chief burgess, David Strong,

and a "committee of safety."



160 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1863.

28. General Hooker was relieved of his command of the Army of the Potomac at his
own request; General Meade succeeded him.

JULY.

1. Gettysburg, Pa. : In the latter part of June the Confederate Army, under Genl
eral Lee, invaded Pennsylvania; on July 1 they were attacked by Genera
Meade, near Gettysburg, and, after a three days battle, were driven from the
field. Missouri passed the ordinance of emancipation. Rosecrans drove Bragg
from Tullahoma, Tenn.

4. The siege of Vicksburg by the Union Army under Grant commenced May 18,

and was pressed forward with almost unprecedented vigor until July 4, when
Pemberton surrendered to General Grant 27,000 prisoners, 132 cannon, and
50,000 stands of arms.

5. John Morgan captured Lebanon, Ky., with 400 prisoners.

8. Morgan, with 5,000 cavalry and 4 pieces of artillery, crossed the Ohio Eiver into
Harrison County, Ind., and marched rapidly through the southern part of
the State into Ohio, committing numerous depredations; on the 18th he was
overtaken by the troops under Colonels Hobson and Judah, near Pomeroy, who
captured all his artillery and 1,300 prisoners; with a mere fragment of his
command he retreated to Columbiana County, Ohio, where, on the 20th, he
surrendered to General Shackleford.

13. Riot in New York City against the draft, which lasted four days; soldiers were
beaten, negroes were hung, houses were burned, and much valuable property
was destroyed; Colonel O Brien, a militia officer, was hung by the mob; total
killed, 150.

17. General Sherman attacked Jackson, Miss., routed Johnson and occupied the city;
large stores were captured, also 40 locomotives and all the rolling stock of
three railroads. General Ransom occupied Natchez, Miss.

20. A cavalry force, sent out by the Union General Foster, struck the Wilmington and
Weldon Railroad, in North Carolina, burned the bridge over Tar River, and
seized a large quantity of cotton.

23. Kentucky again invaded by the Confederates. Kit Carson, with a part of the
First New Mexico Regiment, defeated the Navajo Indians near Fort Canby.

30. Proclamation of President Lincoln that the United States will protect its troops of
all colors, and that for every United States soldier killed in violation of the laws
of nations a Confederate soldier should be executed, and for every one enslaved
a Confederate soldier should be placed at hard labor on the public works.

AUGUST.

17. An immense quantity of Confederate stores at Grenada, Miss., were destroyed by
Lieutenant-Colonel Phillips, of the Ninth Illinois Mounted Infantry; he burned
the depot and machine shops, tore up the railroad track, and destroyed 57
locomotives and more than 400 cars.

20. The town of Lawrence, Kans., was surprised in the midde of the night by 300
guerrillas, who had collected in Cass County, Mo., under the leadership of
Quantrill; the town was set on fire and 182 buildings burned to the ground,
and $2,000,000 worth of property destroyed; 191 persons were killed, many of
whom were helpless women and children; 581 were wounded; after the depart
ure of the guerrillas the citizens organized under Gen. James II. Lane, and pur
sued them to their headquarters, at Grand River, Mo., where they scattered in
various directions; about 80 of the murderers were killed.

22. Colonel Woodson s cavalry made a successful onslaught upon numerous guerrilla
bands in Arkansas, capturing Jeff. Thompson, with his entire staff.

SEPTEMBER.

1. Little Rock, Ark., abandoned by the Confederates.

2. Forts Wagner and Gregg and the batteries on Morris Island, Charleston Harbor,

abandoned by the Confederates.

4. General Burnside occupied Knoxville, Tenn., and was hailed with delight by the
inhabitants. Bread riot by women at Mobile, Ala. ; a regiment of soldiers
refused to quell it, and a company of cadets who attempted to do so were put
to rout by the rioters.



CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865. 161

1863.

OCTOBER.

6. Unsuccessful attempt to blow up the United States frigate Ironsides in Charles
ton Harbor by means of a torpedo.
9. General Crittenden s division of Rosecrans s army entered Chattanooga, Tenn.

10. General Burnside captured Cumberland Gap, with 2,000 prisoners and 14 pieces
of artillery, under the command of Major-General Frazer. General Steele
took possession of Little Rock, Ark.

17. Proclamation by President Lincoln for 300,000 men for three years or the war,
the deficiency to be supplied by a draft.

20. The departments of the Cumberland and Mississippi were consolidated and
placed under the command of General Grant. General Rosecrans was removed
and General Thomas appointed in his place.

NOVEMBER.

10. The British minister, Lord Lyons, informed the United States Government of a
plot by Canadian secessionists to release the Confederate prisoners on John
sons Island, Lake Erie.

17. General Longstreet commenced the siege of Knoxville, Tenn., which lasted until
December 4, when the attempt was abandoned.

27. Confederate General John H. Morgan and six of his officers escaped from the
penitentiary at Columbus, Ohio.

DECEMBER.

8. President Lincoln s proclamation of amnesty, offering a full pardon and a restora

tion of all property, except slaves, to all Confederates, with certain exceptions,
who would take the oath of allegiance to the United States.

186-4.
JANUARY.

29. James A. Bayard, of Delaware, resigned his seat in the United States Senate, after
having taken the oath of allegiance, which he had hitherto refused to do,
although it had been taken by every other Senator.

FEBRUARY.

3. Major-General Sherman, with the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Army Corps, left
Vicksburg for a raid through Mississippi, and returned February 27, having
marched 400 miles and having destroyed railroads, bridges, cars, locomotives,
cotton, and 2,000,000 bushels of corn.

5. The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Army Corps entered Jackson, Miss., the enemy

offering but little resistance; this was one of the initial movements in the great
Southwestern campaign.

6. An attempt to surprise Richmond and release the prisoners at Belle Isle was

defeated by a deserter, who revealed the plot to the enemy.



Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 20 of 34)