N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

. (page 21 of 34)
Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 21 of 34)
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9. A large number of prisoners, including Colonel Streight, escaped from Libby

prison.

15. Gen. W. T. Sherman, with his command, arrived at Meridian, Miss., on his great
raid into the _ heart of the South; after destroying railroads and stores he
returned to Yicksburg, Miss., with immense booty, on the 27th.

MARCH.

1-4. Failure of a second attempt to surprise Richmond, in which Colonel Dahlgren
was shot from an ambush while on the retreat; his body was stripped and
horribly mutilated, and buried secretly so that it should not be recovered.
8. General Grant was formally presented by President Lincoln with his commission
as lieutenant-general, and on the 12th was assigned to the command of the
armies of the United States.

14. The Union forces under Gen. A. J. Smith captured Fort DeRussey, La., on Red
River, with 325 prisoners, 12 pieces of artillery, 2,000 barrels of powder, etc.

23. The Army of the Potomac reduced to three corps by order of General Grant.

696800 11



162 CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1864,.

25. About 5,000 Confederates under Forrest captured Paducah, Ky., and fired the

place.

28. The Fifty-fourth Illinois Regiment attacked by Coles County copperheads, at
Charleston, 111.

APRIL.

9. Speaker Colfax offered a resolution to expel Alex. Long, of Ohio, from the House
of Representatives for declaring himself in favor of acknowledging the inde
pendence of the Southern Confederacy.

12. General Forrest overpowered the Union forces at Fort Pillow; compelled them

to surrender, and immediately after commenced an indiscriminate massacre of

wounded, both colored and white, not excepting women and children who had

taken refuge in the fort.
17,18. At Plymouth, N. C.,the Confederate ram and a battery sunk three Union

gunboats.
23. The governors of Ohio, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Indiana offered to raise for

the General Government 85,000 men for one hundred days.

26. The Government accepted the services of the one hundred days men and appro

priated $20,000,000 for their payment.

MAY.

5. Draft ordered in Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Minnesota, Kentucky, and

Maryland.

6. General Grant crossed the Rapidan and Lee fell back toward Richmond.

7. After three days hard fighting Lee s forces retreated leaving 3,000 killed and

10,000 wounded on the field.

8. Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick killed by a sharpshooter while riding near the front of

the army, no battle being in progress.

11. General Grant in making his report to Secretary Stanton used his since famous
expression, "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer."

13. General Sheridan with cavalry reached the rear of the enemy near Hanover

Junction, Va., breaking two railroads, capturing several locomotives, and destroy
ing Lee s depot of supplies at Beaver Dam, Va., containing over 1,000,000
rations.
15. Sherman after two days fighting forced Johnson to evacuate Resaca, Ga.

18. The offices of the New York World and Journal of Commerce were seized by

General Dix for having published a fraudulent proclamation from the Presi
dent calling for 400,000 more troops; the forgery was perpetrated by two
speculators, Howard and Mallison, in order to profit by the anticipated rise in
gold.
23. The Confederate General John Morgan entered Kentucky with 4,000 men.

JUNE.

5. Sherman flanked Johnson and captured Ackworth, Ga.

7. Union convention at Baltimore.

8. Abraham Lincoln and Governor Andrew Johnson were nominated for President

and Vice-President.

11. Morgan demanded of Governor Bramlette the surrender of Frankfort, Ky.,

which the governor refused.

12. General Hancock drove the Confederates from Bottoms Bridge, Va. , at the point

of the bayonet.
15. Gen. A. J. Smith attacked by a force of 15,000 men.

19. The rebel privateer Alabama sunk off Cherbourg on the coast of France by the

U. S. cruiser Kearsarge after an action of two hours.

23. Confederates attacked Wright and Hancock; captured three full regiments, after

which they were repulsed.

24. The Maryland convention passed an amendment to the State constitution abolish

ing slavery.

27. General Sherman made an unsuccessful attack on the enemy, losing from 2,000

to 3,000 men, at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia.

30. Secretary Chase resigned and Hon. William P. Fessenden was appointed to fill
the vacancy.



CHEONOLOGIGAL BECOKD OF THE EEBELLION, 1860-1865. 163

186-4.
JULY.

5. Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, with a force of about 3,000 rebels, crossed the Potomac
into Maryland.

10. The Confederates under Gen. J. A. Early moved toward Washington, D. C., by

way of Rockville, Md., and Seventh Street pike.

11. Confederates approached Washington, D. C. , and had a skirmish near Tenallytown ;

Confederates burned the mansion of Governor Bradford, of Maryland, in retali
ation for the burning of Governor Letcher s house.

11-12. Fort Stevens (Brightwood), D. C. Confederates arrived at the fortifications
around Washington early in the morning of the llth. Skirmishing at Fort
Stevens, D. C., was quite severe and lasted all day and well into the night.
On the morning of the 12th firing was renewed with considerable vigor, and
continued during the day. The last shot was fired about 10 o clock p. m., the
remainder of the night being spent in strengthening the position, burying the
dead, caring for the wounded, and relieving the skirmishing line, which had
been two days in front constantly under fire. On the morning of the 13th the
enemy moved in the direction of Rockville, Md.

This was the only battle of the civil war that took place in the District of
Columbia and in sight of the Dome of the Capitol. It is also the only battle
in which President Lincoln was present during the engagement. 1 Asst. Surg.
C. C. V. A. Crawford, of the One hundred and second Pennsylvania Volunteer
Infantry, was wounded while on the parapet of the fort, but a few feet from
where President Lincoln stood, anxiously watching the progress of the battle.
Troops engaged were the First and Second Divisions, Sixth Corps; Twenty-
second Corps, convalescents, marines, Home Guards, and citizens, commanded
by Major-General Augur. Union losses were about 54 killed, 319 wounded;
the Confederate loss about 500 killed and wounded. During the retreat of
the Confederates they burned the house at Silver Springs of Montgomery
Blair, Postmaster-General.

13, 15. The Confederates under General Forrest defeated in five different battles near
Pontotoc, Miss.

17. The Confederate army was driven within the fortifications at Atlanta.

22. A great battle was fought before Atlanta, resulting in the complete defeat of the
Confederates.

25. General Crook overtook the Confederates retreating from the Maryland raid and
recaptured a large amount of stores; after a severe fight on the 23d arid 24th
General Averill was compelled to fall back to Harpers Ferry.

30. A mine containing 6 tons of powder under the Confederate forts at Petersburg
was exploded, destroying the fort and garrison; Chambersburg, Pa., occupied
by a force of 500 Confederates under McCausland, who demanded a ransom of
$500,000; the people being unable to raise the sum he set fire to the town and
plundered the houses, destroying over $1,000,000 worth of property.

AUGUST.

5. The Confederate ram Tennessee was captured and several other vessels destroyed;
shortly after Fort Gaines, Ala., surrendered and Fort Powell was evacuated.

7. Gen. P. H. Sheridan appointed to the command of the Army of Northern Vir
ginia.

J Thc compiler recalls having seen President Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton,
accompanied by a military officer unknown to him, at Fort Stevens on the forenoon of July 11.
Arriving ly the Fourteenth street road, their carriage stopped and they alighted about 100 feet from
the Brightwood Hotel and crossed the Seventh street road in the rear of the fort, or near where the
car barn is now situated. They halted on a small knoll or rise of ground located on the right and not
quite abreast of the fort. As they were crossing the Seventh street road they were joined by an officer
from the fort with a pair of Held glasses, with which he swept the country until he evidently located
the object sought. He then handed the glasses to the President, at the same time pointing in the
direction that he desired him to look. The glasses were in turn passed to Mr. Stanton and to the
unknown officer before mentioned.



The distinguished party had been there but a very short time before the officer from the fort ap
peared anxious to have them move from their exposed position. The compiler was not near enough
to hear the conversation, but the uneasiness of the officer to get them to return was very plain, as
shown by his gestures and movements. He finally rather abruptly took the glasses from the Presi
dent s hand and returned them to their case, starting in the direction of the carriage, the party fol
lowed, but rather reluctantly. I believe Mr. Stanton accompanied the officer from the fort on his
return to the carriage, the President and the other officer following.

The party passed within a few feet of the compiler both in going and returning to their carriage,
and were in full view during their entire stay, which did not exceed thirty minutes. It was after
wards learned that the anxiety of the officer from the fort to get the party to a less exposed position
was on account of several shots having struck but a short distance from where they were standing.



164 CHRONOLOGICAL EECOED OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1864-.

13. A Union supply train captured by Moseby s Cavalry, near Berry ville, Va.

18. The AVeldon Railroad seized by General Grant.

21. Confederate General Forrest with 3,000 cavalry made a dash into Memphis, Tenn.,

expecting to capture several field officers, but was unsuccessful.
23. Fort Morgan, Ala. , surrendered.

30. Democratic convention at Chicago adopted a "peace plank" in their platform in

which they declared the four years war to be a failure.

31. Democratic convention nominated George B. McClellan, of New Jersey, for Pres

ident, and George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, for Vice-President.

SEPTEMBER,

2. Federals took possession of Atlanta.

3. President issued a proclamation returning thanks to Admiral Farragut, and Gen

erals Canby, Granger, and Sherman, their officers and men, for the recent
victories at Mobile and Atlanta.

4. General Sherman issued an order declaring that the city of Atlanta was to be held

exclusively for warlike purposes, and ordering all the inhabitants to remove
to the North or South as they might desire.

5. The Confederate Gen. John Morgan was killed near Greenville, Tenn.

16. Five thousand Confederate cavalry, under Wade Hampton, made a dash on the
cattle pens of the Army of the Potomac, and ran off 2,485 beeves and some
horses and mules, and took 300 prisoners.

19. The merchant steamers Island Queen and Parsons, on Lake Erie, were seized by

secessionists in the guise of passengers; the Island Queen sank and the Parsons
was abandoned, and the whole party was captured by the U. S. gunboat
Michigan.

26. Henry W. Allen, governor of Louisiana, in a letter to the rebel Secretary of War,

says: "The time has come for us to put into the Army every able-bodied negro
as a soldier."

27. Twenty-one discharged veterans returning home from Atlanta were captured at

Centralia by Price s guerrillas; they were shot and their bodies horribly muti
lated; Mayor Johnson with 150 militia started in pursuit, but was ambushed
and killed with 91 of his men.

28. General Grant advanced his lines on the north side of the James River to within

7 miles of Richmond; Confederates under General Price invaded Missouri.

29. Hood s rebel army commenced a grand flanking movement on General Sherman

to get in his rear and drive him out of Atlanta.

OCTOBER.

7. The pirate vessel Florida was captured by the U. S. S. Wachuseti; Gen. P. H.
Sheridan reported that he had moved back to Woodstock, Va., having made
the whole country from the Blue Ridge to the North Mountain untenable for a
Confederate Army; he destroyed over 2,000 barns filled with hay and grain,
over 70 mills filled with flour and wheat, and took over 3,400 head of cattle
and sheep.

12. Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, died at Wash

ington, D. 0.; Major-General Butler ordered 110 Virginia prisoners to be set
to work on the Dutch Gap Canal exposed to the rebel fire, in retaliation for
an equal number of colored soldiers who had been placed in a similar position
by the Confederates.

13. Dalton, Miss., disgracefully surrendered by Colonel Johnson, Eighth United

States colored troops, without firing a gun.

18. A fair for the benefit of Confederate soldiers was opened at St. George s Hall,

Liverpool, England, by several ladies of the nobility.

19. Twenty-five armed men came to St. Albans, Vt., and robbed the banks of

$223,000; they shot five citizens; some were arrested and professed to be Con
federate soldiers.

30. General Hood made three attacks on Decatur, Ala., but was repulsed each time.

NOVEMBER.

2. Secretary Seward notified the mayors of New York City and Buffalo of a con

spiracy to set fire to the principal Northern cities on election day.

3. The Confederate ram Albemarle destroyed by Lieutenant Gushing.



CHRONOLOGICAL EECOED OF THE KEBELLION, 1860-1865, 165

1864,.

8. The Presidential election took place; Lincoln and Johnson received 212, McClellan
and Pendleton 21 electoral votes.

10. Acceptance of George B. McClellan s resignation, dated November 8.

12. General Sherman started on his march through Georgia, prepared for a fifty days

campaign.
14. Incendiary fires, kindled by rebel emissaries, occurred at 12 large hotels and

3 theaters in New York City at the same hours; the damage was small.
1 6. General Sherman left Atlanta and began his march to the sea.

19. General Beauregard issued a proclamation to the people of Georgia to obstruct all

roads in Sherman s front, flank, and rear, "and his army would soon starve in
their midst."

DECEMBER.

13. Large naval expedition, under Admiral Porter and General Butler, left Fortress

Monroe for an attack on Fort Fisher, at the mouth of Cape Fear River; Fort
McAllister, Ga. , captured by General Sherman.

20. The Confederates under General Breckenridge defeated in southwestern Virginia,

and the salt works were destroyed.

21. General Sherman entered the city of Savannah, capturing 150 cannon, 30,000 bales

of cotton, and other stores; Admiral Farragut was promoted to Vice- Admiral, a
new rank just created by Congress.

29. Hood s army recrossed the Tennessee River, thus ending the Tennessee
campaign.

1865.
JANUARY.

1. The Richmond Sentinel in an editorial acknowledged the exhausted condition of
the country and suggested that it would be better to surrender to Great Britain,
France, or Spain, than yield to the United States.

3. Massachusetts ratified the constitutional amendment.

8. General Butler was removed from the command of the Army of the James and

was succeeded by General Ord.

11. Missouri State convention passed an ordinance giving immediate freedom to all

slaves in that State.

16. Fort Fisher, near Wilmington, N. C., was captured with all its equipments. Two

hundred arid forty officers and men were killed by the explosion of the
magazine at Fort Fisher, caused by Federal soldiers who were wandering
through the works.

20. Confederates evacuated Corinth, Miss.; left wing of General Sherman s army left
Savannah on a campaign against North and South Carolina.

27. Confederate incendiaries set fire to the city of Savannah, Ga.

31. Gen. R. E. Lee appointed Commander in Chief of the Confederate forces by Jef
ferson Davis; Congress passed the amendment to the Constitution, abolishing
slavery.

FEBRUARY.

1. Illinois ratified the constitutional amendment.

2. Maryland, Michigan, New York, and Rhode Island ratified the constitutional

amendment.

4. Illinois black law was repealed.

6. John C. Breckinridge became the Confederate Secretary of War.

7. Gold sold in Richmond, Va., at 4.600, in Philadelphia, Pa., at 2.12$; Maine rati

fied the amendment.

9. Governor Bramlette, of Kentucky, advised the ratification of the constitutional

amendment upon condition that the United States would pay Kentucky
$34,000,000 for her slaves.

12. General Sherman occupied Branchville, S. C.

13. Indiana ratified the amendment.

17. Louisiana ratified the amendment; General Sherman s forces entered Columbia,

S. C., and burned the city.

18. Charleston, S. C., evacuated by the Confederates and taken possession of by Gen

eral Gilmore; a great amount of valuable property was destroyed, together
with 6,000 bales of cotton; ammunition stored in the railroad depot exploded,
and many lives were lost; General Gilmore hoisted the Union flag over Fort
Surnter.



166 CHRONOLOGICAL BEGGED OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1865.

19. Fort Anderson, N. C., taken.

21. Fort Armstrong, N. C., taken; Wisconsin ratified the amendment.

22. Wilmington, N. C., captured.

MARCH.

1. Admiral Dahlgren s flagship, The Harvest Moon, blown up by a torpedo in the

Santee River.

2. General Sheridan captured Confederate General Early, with 1,800 men, between

Stauntoii and Charlottes ville, Va.

4. Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President for the second time, and Andrew
Johnson, Vice-President.

10. General Sherman occupied Fayetteville, N. C.

11. President Lincoln issued a proclamation warning deserters to return to their

commands within sixty days with promise of pardon if they served out their
original term of enlistment,

12. Mobile attacked.

13. General Schofield occupied Kingston, N. C.

25. Robert C. Kennedy was executed at Fort Lafayette, New York Harbor, as one of
the incendiaries who attempted to burn New York City, he having confessed
to setting fire to four buildings.

28. Commencement of the advance on Richmond.

31. The General Lyon, a United States transport steamer, burned off Cape Hatteras;
only 29 persons saved out of 600.

APRIL.

3. Evacuation of Richmond. Major-General Weitzel, of the Twenty-fifth Army

Corps, entered Richmond; the necessity for the evacuation had been announced
in the churches on Sunday and all the leading men left the city that evening;
General Ewell set the city on fire and destroyed the bridges; four ironclads
and five wooden vessels were exploded and the Virginia was sunk in the river.

4. President Lincoln held a levee in Jefferson Davis s house.

7. General Grant sent a letter to General Lee suggesting that a surrender of his

armies would prevent further bloodshed, and offering honorable terms; Gen
eral Lee asked what terms would be offered.

8. General Grant replied that he should only require that the surrendered men should

be disqualified for taking up arms against the United States until properly
exchanged.

9. General Lee replied that the time had not come to surrender his army, but that

he would like to consult with General Grant in regard to a general restoration
of peace; General Grant said that was out of his power and that an interview
would be useless; General Lee accepted General Grant s first proposition;
General Lee surrendered 26,000 Confederates missing; Mobile, Ala., taken.

11. Lynchburg, Va., surrendered to a lieutenant and a scouting party.

12. Secretary of War decided to stop all recruiting, to curtail purchases of army sup

plies, to reduce the number of officers, and to remove all restrictions upon
trade and commerce so far as consistent with public safety; Salisbury, N. C.,
and Columbus, Ga., taken.

13. Raleigh, N. C., taken; Governor Vance taken prisoner.

14. President Lincoln shot at Ford s Theater, Washington, D. C, by John Wilkes

Booth, the actor; Secretary Seward was also assaulted at his residence and
severely stabbed, but recovered from his wounds; Arkansas ratified the con
stitutional amendment; the old flag was raised again on Fort Sumter by
Major Anderson, assisted by as many of his old garrison as had survived the
battles of the four years which had passed since it was hauled down April 14,
1861; Mobile, Ala., surrendered to General Granger, of the Thirteenth Army
Corps, and Admiral Thatcher.

15. President Lincoln died at the house of Mr. Peterson, No. 516 Tenth street, NW.,

Washington, D. C., at 7.22 a. m.

16. Andrew Johnson took the oath of office, and was declared President of the

United States.

17. General Mosby surrendered at Berryville, Va. 700 Confederates missing.

19. The funeral services of Abraham Lincoln were held in Washington, D. C. , and

it was a day of general mourning throughout the United States.
21. Macon, Ga., captured by Wilson s Cavalry.



CHRONOLOGICAL KECOKD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865. 167

1865.

24. Fifty-one Confederate flags captured by General Sheridan s Cavalry were pre
sented to the War Department.

26. Gen. J. E. Johnston surrendered with 27,500 men.

27. J. Wilkes Booth, the murderer of President Lincoln, shot and captured.

MAY.

4. Remains of President Lincoln were interred at Springfield, 111. ; General Taylor
surrendered 10,000 Confederates missing.

6. Commencement of the trial of those engaged in the conspiracy to murder Presi

dent Lincoln.
9. President Johnson issued a peace proclamation declaring the war at an end.

10. Sam Jones surrendered at Tallahassee, Fla. 8,000 Confederates missing. Pur

suit and capture of Jefferson Davis.

11. Jeff Thompson surrendered at Chalk Bluff, Ark. 7,454 Confederates missing.

22. President Johnson .removed the blockade from the ports of all Southern States

except Texas.

23. Grand review Army of the Potomac at Washington, D. C.

24. Grand review of General Sherman s army at Washington, D. C.

26. Kirby Smith surrendered, 20,000 Confederates missing; this was the last armed
Confederate organization to surrender; the grand jury of Washington, D. C.,
indicted Jefferson Davis and John C. Breckinridge for high treason.

29. President Johnson issued a proclamation granting amnesty and pardon to all
persons who had been engaged in the rebellion, with certain exceptions.

31. General Hood and staff surrendered.

JUNE.

1. A day of humiliation and prayer on account of the murder of President Lincoln.
8. The Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, reviewed by President and General Meade,
Washington, D. C.

17. Gen. Robert E. Lee and Vice-President Alexander H. Stephens applied to the

President of the United States for pardon.

JULY.

7. A writ of habeas corpus was issued by Judge Wylie in case of Mrs. Surratt, but

the writ was suspended by a special indorsement by the President,

10. Ford s Theater, where President Lincoln was killed, was to be reopened, but

was taken possession of by United States soldiers, under the order of the War
Department, and has not since been used as a theater.

AUGUST.

1. Secretary of the Treasury issued an official statement of the public debt, which
amounted to $2,757,253,275.86.

18. A military commission was appointed for the trial of Capt. Henry Wirtz, charging

him with barbarous treatment of Union prisoners.

SEPTEMBER.

11. Capt. J. B. Jones brought about $200,000 in gold and silver to Washington,

which was captured at Augusta, Ga., and supposed to be a part of the spoils
carried off by Jefferson Davis.

PURSUIT AND CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS, MAY 1-10, 1865.

The expedition was in command of Lieut. Col. B. D. Pritchard, of the Fourth
Michigan Volunteer Cavalry. The party was surprised in camp about daylight near
Abbeville, Ga., the morning of the 10th. In the confusion the First Wisconsin and
Fourth Michigan Cavalry fired upon each other, killing one officer and two men and
wounding three others of the First Wisconsin. The prisoners captured were as
follows:

Jefferson Davis, President Confederate States of America.

John H. Reagan, postmaster-general.



168 CHRONOLOGICAL RECOKD OF THE REBELLION, 1860-1865.

1865.

Colonel Johnson, aid-de-camp, President s staff.

Colonel Lubbock, aid-de-camp.

Col. Burton N. Harrison, private secretary to the President.

Maj. Victor Maurin, Richardson s Battalion Light Artillery.

Capt. George V 7 . Moody, Madison s Light Artillery.

Lieutenant Hathaway, Fourteenth Kentucky Cavalry.

Midshipman Jeff. D. Howell, Confederate States Navy.

Twelve privates.

The family of Mr. Davis consisted of Mrs. Davis, with four children, Miss Maggie
Howell, sister of Mrs. Davis, two maids, and several servants.

The disguise worn by Mr. Davis at the time of his capture consisted of a lady s
waterproof cloak or robe and a shawl. These articles were brought to Washington



Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 21 of 34)