N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

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Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 25 of 34)
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name terms upon which the United States would be willing to make peace.

27. The American forces in Porto Rico advanced to Yauco, meeting with little

opposition from Spanish troops.

28. General Brooke, with soldiers on the St. Louis, St. Paul, and Massachusetts, leaves

Newport News to join General Miles in Porto Rico. (See Ponce, alphabetical
list.)

2 .). In the British parliament Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, secretary of state for the
colonies, says that Senor Du Bose, the former Spanish charge d affaires at
Washington, had been notified by the Canadian premier to leave Canada.
The British Government had reason to believe that he was using Canada for
belligerent operations against the United States.

30. Report is received that General Merritt has arrived at Cavite. The President

communicates to Cambon, French ambassador, the conditions with which
Spain must comply before the United States will begin negotiations for peace.

31 . The battle ship Texas reaches New York from Guantanamo. At Malate, near

Manila, a battle is fought, in which the Americans lose 11 killed and 44 wounded,
while the Spanish loss is estimated at 500 killed and wounded.

AUGUST.

2. Arroyo and Guayamo, Porto Rico, surrender to the American Army. The terms,
on fulfillment of which the United States would discuss peace with Spain, are
made public. They include the immediate evacuation of every Spanish
dependency in the Western Hemisphere; the relinquishment of all Spanish
claim to sovereignty in Cuba; the cession of Porto Rico and other islands,
except Cuba, to the United States; the holding by the United States of Manila,
city and bay, pending settlement by commissioners of the future disposition
and government of the Philippines; and the cession of an island (Guam) in
the Ladrones; the United States asks no money indemnity.

4. Secretary Alger orders General Shafter to send the Santiago army to Montauk
Point, Long Island, as fast as possible. The monitor Monterey arrives in Manila
Bay.



188 SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMERICAN WAE.

1898.

5. The Madrid Government orders Spanish soldiers in Porto Kico not to resist.
General Shafter s troops begin embarking at Santiago for New York. Guay-
amo, P. R., engagement. (See alphabetical list.)

7. Roosevelt s Rough Riders embark at Santiago for Montauk Point, Long Island.

Nearly all the American troops in Porto Rico advance upon San Juan.

8. Ambassador Cambon receives Spain s reply to the terms proposed by the United

States. Guayamo, P. R. , engagement 4 miles north of. (See alphabetical list. )

9. Spain s full reply to peace propositions is received by President McKinley, in

which American demands are acceded to, but with conditions. Coamo, in
Porto Rico, is captured by the American army. (See alphabetical list.)

10. New peace protocol is submitted to Spain. Sampson and Schley are promoted to

be rear-admirals. Hormigueros, P. R. , engagement. (See alphabetical list. )

11. Mayaguez, P. R., is captured by General Schwan s troops.

12. The Madrid Government signs the protocol and hostilities cease. Arbonito Pass,

near Porto Rico. ( See alphabetical list. )

13. The American troops under General Anderson assault Manila, and the Spanish

garrison capitulates and surrenders the city and suburbs. (See alphabetical
list. ) Rio Prieto, at crossing of, near Las Marias, P. R. (See alphabetical list. )
The total casualties in Porto Rico from July 25 to August 13 were 7 killed and
36 wounded.
1 6. The President ai




Matthew 0. Butler; for Porto Rico Maj. Gen. John R. Brooke, Rear- Admiral
Winfield Scott Schley, and Brig. Gen. William W. Gordon.



17. The President decides to muster out of the service from 75,000 to 100,000 volun
teers of the various arms.

20. Sampson s great warships, home from Santiago, parade up New York Harbor
and are greeted by thousands of people, who cheer wildly at the sight. The
battle ships that participated in this demonstration were the Iowa, Indiana,
Massachusetts, Oregon, Texas, and cruisers New York and Brooklyn.

22. All the troops of General Merritt s department remaining at San Francisco ordered

to Honolulu, to be held there until further orders.

23. General Merritt assumes the duties of governor of Manila.

26. The President announces his peace commission, as follows: Secretary of State Day,
Senator Davis, of Minnesota; Senator Frye, .of Maine; Whitelaw Reid, of New
York, and Justice E. D. White of the Supreme Court. The last of Shafter s
army leaves Santiago for the United States.

28. Near Newcastle, Ala., a train bearing the Sixty -ninth New York Infantry is

wrecked, killing 3 and seriously injuring many others.

29. For the first time in the history of the American Army a woman, Mrs. Anita

McGee, is commissioned as assistant surgeon. Adjutant-General Corbin issues
orders providing for the f urloughing of soldiers for sixty and thirty days. Lieu
tenant Hobspn arrives at Santiago to superintend the raising of the sunken
Spanish cruisers Cristobal Colon and Maria Teresa. Maj. Gen. Elwell S. Otis,
U. S. Volunteers, relieved Major-General Merritt, in command of the Eighth
Corps.

30. The Secretary of War orders a sixty-day furlough to be granted to the Thirty-

third and Thirty-fourth regiments Michigan Volunteers, and that they be
mustered out at expiration of furlough.

SEPTEMBER.

9. The peace commission is completed by the appointment of Senator Gray, of Dela
ware, Justice White having declined. The battle ship Massachusetts, returning
from Cuba, arrives in New York Harbor.

11. Admiral Cervera expresses his warm gratitude for the sympathy and generous
treatment he has received from the American people. At Camp Hamilton,
near Lexington, Ky. , 33 nurses of the division hospital desert their posts and
return to their regiments, leaving 461 soldiers without care. The Porto Rico
evacuation commission meet in San Juan, and the Americans present their
plans, in accordance with the instructions of the Government. Admiral Cervera
and those who survived the engagement of July 3 embark on the steamship
City of Rome, off Portsmouth, N. H., to return to Spain.

13. Roosevelt s Rough Riders are mustered out.



SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMEEICAN WAR. 189

1898.

14. The evacuation of Porto Bico begins. The Spanish war vessels take their depar

ture.

17. The evacuation commission for Cuba, on the part of Spain, has arrived at Habana
and held a preliminary meeting; the names given are Admiral Manterola, Gen
eral Gonzales Parrado, and the Marquis of Montero.

19. The advance supply ships of the expedition for Manila leave Fortress Monroe.

20. Habana, Cuba, the first American flag is hoisted over the headquarters of the

evacuation commission, Trocha Hotel. The evacuation of the outlying ports of
Porto Rico by the Spanish begins.

21. Four hundred sailors are ordered from San Francisco to Manila to take the place

of Dewey s men, whose time is about to expire.

24. The jurisdiction of Military Governor Wood is extended to embrace the province

of Santiago de Cuba. The first meeting of the war investigation commission is
held at the White House. It consists of the following: Gen. Grenville M.
Dodge, Gen. A. McD. McCook, Gen. John M. Wilson, Col. Charles Denby,
Col. J. A. Sexton, Hon. Urban A. Woodbury, Judge J. A. Beaver, Capt. Evan
P. Howell, and Dr. Phineas Connor.

25. The United States cutter Hugh McCulloch captures the insurgent steamer Abbey

near Manila. Lieutenant Hobson floats the Maria Teresa, sunk July 3, and
starts her in tow of another vessel to Guantanamo.

27. The battle ships Iowa and Oregon ordered to Manila. The American peace com
missioners meet in Paris.

OCTOBER.

4. In the vicinity of Cienfuegos, Cuba, 2,000 irregular Spanish troops openly revolt

and take up arms because they have not been paid, and lay down their arms
only after payment is made. At Newport News the great battle ship Illinois is
launched.
10. The American flag is hoisted over Manzanillo, Cuba.

12. The battle ships Iowa and Oregon leave New York Harbor on their way to Manila.

13. Dispatch from Manila says that Dewey has raised the Spanish naval vessel Bulucan,

which was sunk in the Pasig River when the city was captured.
15-16. Spanish transports sail from San Juan for Spain, carrying General Macias and
staff and about 4,300 soldiers who have served in Cuba and Porto Rico.

16. The war investigation commission leaves Washington to visit arrny camps in the

South.

17. The United States troopship Senator sails from San Francisco with 772 soldiers to

reenforce General Otis at Manila.

18. The United States takes formal possession of Porto Rico.

19. Military Governor Wood appoints a Spaniard mayor of Santiago. Under instruc

tions issued by Lieutenant Hobson, efforts are making to raise the Cristobal
Colon.

25. Philadelphia s great peace jubilee begins with a grand review of the war ships in

the harbor.

27. Military day of the Philadelphia peace jubilee, and also a day of prayer and thanks
giving under proclamation of Governor Hastings. Admiral Sampson requests
the Navy Department to send the Vesuvius to Habana, as a precaution against
any outbreak on the part of either Spanish soldiers or Cubans.

NOVEMBER.

5. The ocean tug Mcrritt arrives at Charleston, S. C., and reports that the Maria

Teresa, which was being towed north, was lost, November 1, off San Salvador
Island, West Indies, in a furious storm.

6. The Spaniards in Habana are found to be active in promoting broils between

Americans and Cubans.

S. The Navy Department receives a report that the Maria Teresa is ashore on a reef
at Cat Island. A leading British journal, the Daily Mail, urges the American
people to pronounce boldly in favor of retaining the Philippines, "otherwise
there will be a scramble for coaling stations, w r hich will endanger the peace of
the world."

15. The Navy Department receives a message from Captain McCalla, who was sent

to report the condition of the stranded Maria Teresa, that he and experienced
engineers Hobson, Blow, Craven, and Crittenden believe the rescue of the
ship wholly impracticable.

26. The battle ship Wisconsin, christened by Miss Elizabeth Stephenson, is launched

in San Francisco Harbor.



190 SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.

1898.
DECEMBER.

10. The treaty of peace was signed in Paris.

13. The remains of Christopher Columbus are transferred from the cathedral in

Habana to the ship Conde de Venadito, on board which they are to be conveyed

to Cadiz, Spain.

21. Preliminary orders are issued by Adjutant-General Corbin providing for muster

ing out 50,000 volunteers in January.

22. Rear- Admiral Schley receives a handsome and costly sword, presented to him by

the people of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.

23. Commander Taussig, of the war ship Bennington, at Honolulu, is ordered to the

Ladrone Islands, to take possession of all the property on the island of Guam
which belonged to Spain, and establish a naval station there.
The last formal meeting of the United States and Spanish evacuation commis
sioners is held in Habana.

1899.
JANUARY.

1. General Brooke, military governor of Cuba, issues a proclamation to the inhab
itants, assuring them of protection, and advising them to resume all peaceful
pursuits. The sovereignty of Cuba passes from Spain to the United States at
noon.

26. The work of putting Habana in proper sanitary condition begins, under direction

of American officers.

FEBRUARY.

1. Guam Island. ( See February 28. )

6. Ratification of peace treaty advised by the United States Senate and ratified by

the President.

20. Bill to pay Spain $20,000,000 under the terms of the peace treaty passed the
House of Representatives. (See March 1 and April 15.) Manila insurgents
attack San Pedro Mascati.

22. Manila, incendiarism in, resulting in heavy loss of property; grade of Admiral
revived; bill passed House of Representatives with amendment. (See
March 2. )

24. Dewey cabled request that the Oregon be sent to Manila at once for "political

reasons;" Manila, skirmishes at, several Americans wounded; General Gomez
entered Habana escorted by American and Cuban troops.

25. Cebu, a Philippine town, surrendered to gunboat Petrel.

27. Army reorganization bill passed the Senate.

28. Guam Island, announced that Commodore Taussig, of cruiser Bennington, took

formal possession of, on February 1 ; battle ship Oregon leaves Honolulu for
Manila. (See March 18.) German Government orders all its war ships from
Philippine waters.

MARCH.

1. Senate passed naval appropriation bill and bill to pay Spain $20,000,000 under

the terms of the peace treaty. (See April 15. )

2. President signs bill creating rank of Admiral in the Navy. (See February 22.)

General Toral is imprisoned preparatory to being court-martialed for his sur
render of Santiago.

3. Senate confirms nomination of George Dewey as Admiral; General Otis is pro

moted to rank of major-general.

4. Manila, near, gunboats shell the rebels, causing heavy loss; one American sol

dier killed and two wounded; the civil members of the United States Philip
pine commission reach Manila on cruiser Baltimore ; Admiral Dewey raises
his flag on the Olympia. (Negros see March 9.)

5. Chairman Cannon, House of Representatives, issued statement that appropria

tions made by Fifty-fifth Congress aggregate $1,566,890,016, of which sum
$482,562,082 is directly chargeable to the war, or incident thereto.

6. Filipinos and Americans continue fighting.

8. Manila, American soldiers surfer severely from the heat.

9. Negros, reported that American troops landed at, March 4, and were well received.



SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 191

1899.

10. Manila, 2,000 infantry arrived with Major-General Lawton on transport Grant.

The total number of deaths in the Army since May 1, 1898, are reported as
follows: Killed inaction, 329; died of wounds, 125; died of disease, 5,277; total,
5,731. The losses in the Navy are reported as follows: Killed in battle, 17;
died of wounds, 1; total, 18.

11. General Gomez impeached and removed from command of the Cuban army by

Cuban military assembly; General Wheaton s brigade advanced from Manila
against the Filipinos.
13. Pasig, city of, captured by General Wheaton.

15. Pasig, General Wheaton attacks and defeats a force of 3,000 Filipinos.

16. Gaitai, near Pasig, captured by General Wheaton.

18. The Oregon arrived at Manila. (See February 28.) Taguig attacked by Filipinos,

but latter are repulsed; signing of peace treaty at Madrid; formal notice given
State Department by M. Cambon, French ambassador.

19. Peace treaty signed by the Queen Regent ; General Wheaton attacks Filipinos

and pursues them for 11 miles; riot between police and people at Habana;
forty persons wounded.

20. Iloilo, insurgents repulsed at.

21. The Cuban government reports they have an army of 13,219 men, exclusive of

officers.

22. M. Cambon, the French ambassador at Washington, is designated by the Queen

Regent to act for Spain in the exchange of ratiiications of the peace treaty.

25. Troops advance in Luzon; defeat of the Filipinos; three towns captured, includ

ing Mallabon and Malinta; Secretary Alger and party arrive at Habana.

26. Polo, town of, captured after a fierce fight by General Wheaton s brigade.

Twelfth Regiment New York Volunteers returns from Cuba and parades in
New York City.

28. Luzon, advance on, continues. Filipinos burn the town of P>ulacan.

29. The Spanish Government establishes a credit for the payment on April 1 of the

interest on the Cuban debt.

30. Malolos, the seat of the Filipino government, captured by General MacArthur.

31. Malolos occupied by General MacArthur s division.

APRIL.

1. The Cuban military assembly decides to postpone dissolution.

3. It is announced that since occupation by the Americans the total revenue of the

Philippine Islands has been $2,900,000.

4. Cuban military assembly voted to dissolve and to disband the army.

8. Expedition sent by General Otis against Santa Cruz, Philippine Islands.

9. Filipinos make a night attack on General Ludlow s line, south of Manila, and are

repulsed.

10. Santa Cruz, two towns captured in, by General Lawton.

11. Peace treaty, ratification of, at White House, Washington, D. C., by President

McKinley and M. Cambon, the French ambassador, acting for Spain.

12. As the result of an ambush, by the adherents of Mataafa, near Apia, Samoa, 3

American officers, 1 English officer, and 3 English sailors are killed. Manila,
north of. Filipinos driven back by General Wheaton, who captured a fleet
from the Santa Cruz River.

13. Cuban army rolls given to General Brooke, and General Gomez is appointed

Cuban representative in the negotiations.

14. Secretary of State directs United States consuls to Spain who were obliged to

leave on account of the war to return. The Cuban muster rolls show 4<S,000
names.

15. Spanish Government notified that the United States is ready to pay the $20,000,000

indemnity for the Philippines. (See April 28.)

17. A dispatch from Manila announces that a committee of Filipinos has been

appointed to confer with the United States commission, with a view to bring
ing about peace.

18. Admiral Dewey reports the capture by the Filipinos of a lieutenant and 14 men

of the gunboat Yorktown.

19. General Gomez declared himself in favor of American protection over Cuba.

20. The last Spanish garrison withdraws from the Philippines.

22. General Lawton with a strong force takes the field against the Filipinos.

23. Malolos, fight near; 6 Americans killed and 43 wounded.



192 SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMERICAN WAR.

1899.

26. Peace treaty delivered in Paris to the Spanish ambassador and forwarded to

Madrid.

27. Reported that Aguinaldo intends to hold all Spanish and American prisoners.

28. Filipino agents bearing a flag of truce go to Manila and ask for an armistice until

the Filipino congress can act in the matter. General Otis declines to recognize
the Filipino government. Brig. Gen. George W. Davis appointed governor of
Porto Rico to succeed General Henry. Treasury transmits warrants for the
$20,000,000 due Spain under peace treaty. (See April 15.)

29. The army beef court of inquiry finishes its work and adjourns.

MAY.

1. Admiral Dewey reports that the men of the Yorktown captured by the Filipinos

are safe at the insurgents headquarters. Warrants for the $20,000,000 due to
Spain under the terms of the peace treaty are delivered to the French
ambassador.

2. General Lawton s column captured several Filipino villages. Col. Frederick

Funston, of the Twentieth Kansas Regiment, appointed brigadier-general of
volunteers.

4. General Lawton s forces drive the Filipinos from their intrenchments at Maasin.

General MacArthur captures the town of Santo Tomas. Governor-General
Brooke signed the commission of the justices of the supreme court of Cuba.

5. General Mac Arthur s division occupies the Filipino town of San Fernando. The

insurgents make an ineffectual effort to break through General Ovenshine s
lines south of Manila.

6. A Manila dispatch says that the American troops are about to attack the Phil

ippine town of Bacalor.

8. Rear-Admiral John C. Watson ordered to Manila to relieve Admiral Dewey.

9. General Gomez makes the request of General Brooke for a Cuban standing army

of 15,000 men.

10. It is reported from Manila that the Filipino congress held a meeting at San Isidro.
12. The First Nebraska Regiment presents a petition to General MacArthur, asking

to be relieved from duty at the front.

15. Admiral Kautz s report on the killing of American sailors in Samoa is made

public. The Supreme Court decides the first naval prize-money case of the
Spanish war, holding that the French steamer Olinde Rodriguez must be
returned to her owners. General Gomez withdraws his support from the
work of distributing pay to the Cuban soldiers and General Brooke takes
charge. The Filipino attack upon gunboat near Calumpit is repulsed.

16. General Lawton moyes on the Filipino capital, San Isidro.

17. President McKinley cables to Manila his congratulations to General Lawton and

his command for their capture of the Filipino capital.

19. General Luna arrests Aguinaldo s envoys to prevent their reaching the American

lines.

20. The Scretary of War approves General Brooke s plan for disposing of the arms

of the Cuban soldiers and orders that payment of $3,000,000 be begun at once.
The Filipino peace envoys reach Manila and ask General Otis for an armistice;
he refuses, but orders all aggressive movements "suspended until further
orders."

21. President McKinley announces important changes in the tariff laws of Cuba,

Porto Rico, and the Philippines. The Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes, one of
Cervera s fleet sunk in Santiago Harbor, and raised by a wrecking company,
arrives in Hampton Roads.

22. President Schurman, of the Philippine commission, makes definite offers of peace

to the insurgents.

23. The U. S. cruiser Olympia, with Admiral Dewey on board, arrives at Hongkong.

24. A report from General MacArthur, showing the responsibilities of the Filipinos

for beginning the outbreak at Manila, is made public.

25. The Navy Department receives word from Admiral Kautz of the arrival of the

joint high commission in Samoa.

26. Admiral Dewey informs the Navy Department that he will reach New York City

about October 1. T. Estrada Palma issues a statement of the money collected
and expended by the Cuban junta. The payment of $3,000,000 to the Cuban
army begins.

27. Seven Cuban ex-insurgents appear in Habana to accept payment from the Ameri

can fund of $3,000,000.



SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 193

1899.

28. Reports of operations in the Philippines are received from Generals Otis and

Hale. One hundred and eleven Cubans apply for payment from the $3,000,000
fund.

29. The Spanish system of courts in the Philippines is revised under the sovereignty

of the United States with some prominent Filipinos as members of the supreme
court.

30. Memorial Day honors are paid to the American dead at Habana and Manila.

31. Report of General Otis in regard to the Philippines is made public. The Duke

of Arcos, the new Spanish minister, arrives at Washington.

JUNE.

1. General Otis informs the Secretary of War that 30,000 men are needed to control

the Philippines. The report of the commission on affairs in Porto Rico is made
public.

2. The Cabinet decides that "there is no present necessity for the enlistment of

volunteers." In the Queen Regent s speech from the throne at the opening
of the Spanish Cortes it is announced that the Marianne, Caroline, and Palos
islands have been ceded to Germany.

3. Diplomatic relations with Spain are resumed with the reception of the new Span

ish minister, the Duke of Arcos, by President McKinley. General Lawton
begins a general forward movement against the Filipinos to the west of Manila.

4. Admiral Dewey leaves Hongkong.

5. The Filipino tpwn of Morong is captured by the Americans.

6. General Gomez issues a farewell manifesto to the Cubans, in which he pleads for

political harmony.

7. Gonzalo de Quesada is appointed commissioner for Cuba at Washington. Gen

eral Otis announces that he is in control of the Morong Peninsula, Luzon.

8. It is reported in London that Aguinaldo has dissolved the Philippine cabinet,

proclaiming himself dictator.

10. A forward movement against the Filipinos south of Manila is begun by Generals
Lawton, Wheaton, and Ovenshine. The cruiser Olympia, with Admiral Dewey
on board, arrives at Singapore. Bellamy Storer, the United States minister to
Spain, arrives at Madrid.

12. It is semiofficially announced that no more volunteers will be requested for serv

ice in the Philippines.

13. A fierce engagement takes place to the south of Manila, the Filipinos making a

desperate resistance to the American advance. It is reported that General
Luna, second in command in the Filipino army, has been assassinated.

14. The insular commission begins the drafting of the new code of laws for Porto

Rico. General Lawton captures the town of Bacoor. The Spanish Senate
adopts the bill ceding Spain s Pacific islands to Germany.

16. An insurgent attack on the town of San Fernando, north of Manila, is repulsed
by Generals Funston and Hale; it is reported that Aguinaldo has been assas
sinated. The American minister, Bellamy Storer, is presented to the Queen
Regent of Spain. President McKinley issues an order permitting a limited use



Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 25 of 34)