N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

. (page 26 of 34)
Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 26 of 34)
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of the American flag by Cuban vessels.

19. The Secretary of the Navy receives the report of Captain Chadwick of the

Schley-Hodgson controversy. A severe engagement takes place at Imus, in
the Philippines. It is decided that every man who participated in the battle
of Manila Bay will receive a medal of honor. The Spanish Chamber of Depu
ties approves the bill ceding Spain s Pacific islands to Germany.

20. Admiral Watson arrives at Manila and raises his flag on the Baltimore. General

Wheaton occupies the Filipino town of Perez das Marinas.

21. The Independencia, the Filipinos organ, says that the Filipinos are " incited to

continue fighting by antiexpansion speeches in America." Admiral Dewey
arrives at Colombo, Ceylon, and is enthusiastically received.

23. It is announced that the War Department has decided to maintain the army

canteen system, "regarding it as for the best interests of the soldiers." Agui
naldo takes command of General Luna s army.

24. General Leonard Wood gives his views on the cause of yellow 7 fever and the gen

eral sanitary condition in Santiago. The Spanish Queen Regent signs the bill
for the cession to Germany of the Caroline Islands.

25. Three American officers, by resisting arrest, precipitate a riot in Cienfuegos, Cuba.

The Cortes fixes the strength of the Spanish army for the ensuing year at
108,000 men.

696800 13



194 SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMERICAN WAR.

1899.

26. A report from General Otis on conditions in the Philippines is received at the
War Department.

28. Yellow fever is spreading in Santiago.

30. It is announced that the President has given assurances to General Otis that he
can have all the troops he considers necessary for operations in the Philip
pines." The treaty ceding the Spanish Pacific islands to Germany is signed
at Madrid.

JULY.

1. The Filipinos make a night attack on the America 1 !! lines at San Fernando.

2. Rioting continues in Spanish cities. It is reported from Habana that Major-

General Brooke is to assume command of the Philippines and that Robert P.
Porter is to become governor-general of Cuba.

5. The American delegates at the peace conference secure a unanimous vote in favor

of having the question of private property at sea in time of war dealt with at a
special conference to be summoned hereafter.

6. The War Department makes public a formal order for the enlistment of ten regi

ments of volunteers for service in the Philippines. Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler
and his son, Lieut. John Wheeler, jr., are assigned to Philippine commands.

7. The assassins of the Filipino General Luna are acquitted on the ground of self-

defense.

8. The insular commission renders an opinion that "the islands acquired from

Spain as a result of the war are not United States territory."

10. The President appoints officers to the new volunteer regiments.

11. The President issues an order extending the protection of the American flag to

vessels owned by residents of Porto Rico and Philippines.

12. Secretary of War Alger again denies rumors of his intended resignation and

declares that he will remain in the Cabinet for the full length of his term.
Agumaldo makes a speech in which he declares that "many of the people and
many statesmen censure President McKinley for having ordered his representa
tives to seek means to bring about hostilities with the Filipinos."
15. The transport City of Para sails from San Francisco for the Philippines with 44
officers and 978 men.

19. Secretary of War Alger presents his resignation, to take effect at the pleasure of

the President. A Manila dispatch says that the total rainfall there thus far
in July has been 35 inches, and in the last thirty-one hours 12 inches of rain
have fallen.

20. The President accepts the resignation of Secretary Alger, to take effect August 1.

General Otis reports that the whole country around Manila is flooded and the
troops on the outposts have suffered severely.

21. A company of the Sixth Infantry surprised a force of 450 natives on the island of

Negros, and killed 115 and wounded many. The American loss was 1 killed
and 1 wounded. General Otis cabled a denial of the charges of the newspaper
correspondents. The floods around Manila will stop extensive military opera
tions for some time.

22. A Manila dispatch via Hongkong says that many sick and wounded are in the

hospitals and that General Otis has disapproved a request for more surgeons.
25. Gen. Joseph Wheeler sails on the transport Tartar from San Francisco for Manila.
At the meeting of the Cabinet Secretary Alger took his farewell, and his suc
cessor, Mr. Root, was formally presented.

27. Brigadier-General Hall, with 1,000 men, captured Calamba, a town on the south

shore of Laguna de Bay. Our force lost 4 killed and 12 wounded; the Filipinos
left 3 dead and 12 were captureed. The transports Ohio, Newport, and Tacoma
sail from San Francisco for Manila.

28. The cruiser New Orleans and the gunboat Machias ordered to San Domingo to

protect American interests there in case of trouble following the assassination
of President Heureaux.

29. Rapid progress in filling up the new volunteer regiments is reported at the War

Department. Capt. C. F. Goodrich has been assigned to command the battle
ship Iowa, which is at San Francisco.

31. Admiral Sampson brings suit in the District of Columbia supreme court for
prize money in behalf of the officers of his fleet. The Filipinos attack Calamba,
a town captured last week by General Hall.



SUMMAEY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 195

1899.
AUGUST.

1. Elihu Root takes the oath of office as Secretary of War. The court-martial of

General Toral for surrendering Santiago is held in Madrid.

2. Ex-Secretary of War Alger arrives at his home in Detroit and is enthusiastically

welcomed.

4. The cruiser New Orleans is sent to San Domingo.

5. The steamer Saturnus, coasting under the American flag, is captured and burned

by insurgent Filipinos.

7. It is announced that 46,000 men will be placed in the Philippines in the fall.

8. Secretary of War, after an interview with the President, announces that "opera

tions in the Philippines will be actively pushed from now on." Aguinaldo
appeals to the powers for "recognition" of Filipino independence.

9. General MacArthur advances against the Filipinos and drives them from Angeles.

11. General Sanger is made supervisor of the Cuban census, which is to be completed

by January 1. American troops take possession of the Filipino town of Angeles.

12. American forces push to the outskirts of Angeles north of Manila.

13. General Young drives back Filipino insurgents from San Mateo.

16. Dispatches from Porto Rico announce the loss of life in the recent hurricane to

have been at least 2,000, and many sections still to be heard from; Americans
capture the Filipino town of Angeles (see llth inst).

17. War Department orders that 10 new regiments of volunteers be enlisted for serv

ice in the Philippines.

18. The first 10 regiments of volunteers for service in the Philippines are completed.

19. Three of the new volunteer regiments have been ordered to the Philippines.
21. Secretary Root appoints Lieut. Col. Joseph P. Sanger director of census for Cuba;

twenty-five hundred victims of the tornado have been buried at Ponce; there
are 1,000 injured and 2,000 still missing.

23. In a fight between gendarmes and Cuban soldiers near Santiago 5 men were

killed and 10 wounded.

24. An agreement is reached between American authorities in the Philippines and

the Sulu Sultan by which "American sovereignty over the Moros is acknowl
edged."

26. A Manila dispatch says that 4 men of the Twenty-third Regulars have been

ambushed at Cebu and 3 of them killed.

27. Several natives, mayors of Filipino towns, have been arrested for "treachery

with the insurgents."

28. The Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment is enthusiastically received at Pittsburg, and

President McKinley makes a speech in honor of the American troops in the
Philippines; the correspondent of the Associated Press at Habana writes that
"the Cubans are ripe for annexation"; Admiral Dewey is enthusiastically
received at Nice, France.

29. It is announced that the taking of the Cuban census w T ill be begun October 1;

the battle ship Alabama makes her trial trip; the insular commission submits
to Secretary Root a code of laws providing for the establishment of a civil
government in Porto Rico.
31. Secretary of the Navy Long asks for $18,000,000 for the coming year.

SEPTEMBER.

1. It is announced that Admiral Sampson, at his own request, will be relieved of

the command of the North Atlantic Squadron after the Dewey celebration.

2. The Sixth Infantry captures the Filipino town of Argogula; President Schurman,

of the Philippine commission, holds a long conference with the President and
Secretary of State.

3. General Otis reports the completion of the railroad from Manila to Angeles;

General Brooke reports from Habana that the Cuban army has been paid at
the rate agreed upon, and that of the $3,000,000 set apart for that purpose
there is a balance of 400,000; the Secretary of War designates the Hongkong
and Shanghai Banking Corporation as depository ot the Department of the
Philippine Islands.

6. The Filipino insurgent government issues $3,000,000 in paper money, the accept

ance of which has been made obligatory.



196 SUMMAKY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMEBICAN WAE.

1899.

7. It is announced from Washington that " there will be a vigorous renewal of the

campaign in Luzon as soon as the rainy season ends; there is no intention of
superseding General Otis ; General Otis cables to the War Department that
the inhabitants of the island of Negros have accepted the sovereignty of the
United States, and have expressed a desire for the establishment of a republican
form of government.

8. General Shafter, in a letter to a friend in Chicago, makes his first public denial

of the charge that he was not under fire at Santiago.

11. Rear- Admiral Farquhar is appointed commander of the North Atlantic Squadron
in place of Rear- Admiral Sampson, who will be assigned to command the Bos
ton Navy- Yard.

14. Admiral W T atson cables from Manila that the gunboat Paragua has captured and

destroyed a Filipino schooner and silenced a rebel force at Balemao.

15. Rear- Admiral Schley is assigned to command the South Atlantic Station.

22. Insurgents wreck a train near Angeles, Luzon, 2 Americans being killed and 5
wounded.

24. The Charleston, Monterey, and Concord shell the fort at Subig Bay, and troops

are landed, who dismount a Krupp gun.

25. Dispatches received from General Otis announce that the insurgents on the island

of Negros are about to surrender, and that the American flag is to be raised on
Sulu Island. The official trial of the battle ship Kearsarge takes place near
Boston.

26. Admiral Dewey arrives at New York early in the morning, with the Olympia, two

days ahead of the time expected. General Otis cables that General Snyder
attacked the insurgents 5 miles west of Cebu and destroyed seven forts and a
number of smoothbore cannon. The War Department decides to create four
military departments in the Philippines.

Capt. A. H. McCormick, commandant of the Washington Navy- Yard, is promoted
to the grade of rear-admiral.

Generals MacArthur and Wheeler capture Porac, a town 8 miles from Bacolor,
in Luzon.

The land parade in honor of Admiral Dewey is held, about 30,000 men being in
line and marching from Grant s Tomb to the Triumphal Arch at Washington
square. The pageant is declared the most magnificent in the history of this
country. Fourteen Americans, taken prisoners by Aguinaldo, are released.

OCTOBER.

1. The German Government pays Spain 25,000,000 pesetas as the price of the Car

oline Islands.

2. An American expedition starts from Manila to bombard Orani and raise the gun

boat Urdaneta. The conference of Filipino envoys with General Otis is fruitless.
Admiral Dewey arrives in Washington, and is driven to the White House,
where he is received by the President, members of the Cabinet, and other
officials.

P>. The sword voted by Congress is presented to Admiral Dewey at the Capitol in
Washington, with addresses by President McKinley and Secretary Long, after
which the military and naval escort is reviewed.

4. The Filipinos again assume the aggressive, and several engagements are fought

north of Manila. As the result of a conference with Admiral Dewey, Presi
dent McKinley orders a number of war ships, including the cruiser Brooklyn,
to proceed immediately to the Philippines. Admiral Dewey is formally
detached from the Olympia, at his own request.

5. The Navy Department orders the cruisers New Orleans, Nashville, and Badger to

proceed to Manila.

7. The Brooklyn and New Orleans receive orders to go to Manila.

8. An American force under General Schwan, assisted by a naval force, drive the

Filipinos from the towns of Cavite, Vi^jo, and Noveleta, south of Manila.

9. Lt is announced that the press censorship at Manila has been removed. General

Schwan s column advances south of Manila and encamps within sight of San
Francisco de Malabon, a Filipino stronghold.

10. A sword is presented to Captain Chadwick, of the cruiser New York, at Morgan-
town, W. Va.

15. General Otis cables that Schwan s movement south of Manila was very successful,
inflicting heavy loss on the Filipinos.



SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMEEIC AN WAR. 197

1899.

16. General Magbabba, with 12,000 Filipinos, prepares to attack Iloilo.

18. General Otis receives messages purporting to come from Gen. Pio del Pilar, offer
ing to sell out his army and deliver Aguinaldo into the hands of the Americans.

25. A house on Rhode Island avenue, Washington, is presented to Admiral Dewey
by the home-fund committee.

27. Brig. Gen. Guy V. Henry dies from pneumonia at his home in New York.

28. It is reported that the Philippine commission will probably return to Manila

after drawing up a preliminary report. The Forty-seventh Volunteer Regi
ment is ordered to proceed to the Philippines.

30. In the Philippines, Colonel Bell s regiment encounters a force of the insurgents

and kills 4 officers and 8 men.

31. The report of Gen. George W. Davis, military governor of Porto Rico, is made

public.

NOVEMBER.

1. General Young makes a rapid move northward in Luzon, and many insurgents

flee to the hills.

2. The Philippine commission submits a preliminary report to the President, review

ing the situation in the islands at great length; the members unite in saying
that the Filipinos are unfit for self-government.

3. Active operations against the insurgents in Luzon continue; Lieutenant Boutelle

is killed in an engagement. At a Cabinet meeting the question of a civil gov
ernment for Cuba, which is soon to be established, is discussed.

4. General Ludlow, military governor of Habana, returns to the United States in

connection with the proposed change in the government of Cuba.

5. An important expedition leaves Manila on a transport under command of

General Wheaton.

6. Further military operations in Luzon result in the defeat of the insurgents. The

first autonomous government of the Filipinos is installed on the island of
Negros.

10. Active operations in Luzon result in the driving back of the Filipinos into a

smaller territory.

11. General Brooke issues a proclamation for the observance of Thanksgiving Day in

Cuba.

12. Colonel Bell s regiment and a force of American cavalry enter Tarlac, in Luzon,

without opposition. Assistant Secretary Allen, in his annual report to Secre
tary Long, recommends the establishment of a national naval reserve.

13. The United States cruiser Charleston is wrecked off Luzon; all onboard are saved.

14. A sharp encounter at San Pabian, in Luzon, results in the defeat of the Filipinos

and the death of Maj. John A. Logan. The annual report of General Miles
pays tribute to the efficiency of the Army under special circumstances.

16. General Ludlow, governor of Habana, speaks in New York City on conditions

in Cuba.

17. The Navy Department makes public the account of a gallant exploit performed

by Ensign W. R. Gherardi in Porto Rico.

18. The columns of Generals Lawton and MacArthur continue to advance in north

ern Luzon and occupy several towns.

20. The American column, under General MacArthur, occupies Dagupaii, in Luzon,
Aguinaldo and his army having fled.

23. The Postmaster-General extends domestic rates of postage to Porto Rico, the

Philippines, and Guam.

24. General Otis reports that the last claim to existence of the insurgent government

in Luzon has vanished; the president of the Filipino congress surrenders to
General MacArthur.

25. Rear- Admiral Schley, commander in chief of the South Atlantic Squadron, sails

from New York City on his flagship, the Cldcago, for Buenos Ayres.
2(>. Admiral Watson cables from Manila of the unconditional surrender of the whole
province of Zaniboanga to Commander Very, of the Castine.

DECEMBER.

6. The President nominates Brig. Gen. Leonard Wood to be major-general of

volunteers.

7. The pursuit of Aguinaldo continues. General Young reaches Vigan on the coast.

8. In the mutiny of native police in Negros, Lieut. A. V. Ledyard is killed. General

Young kills 25 Filipinos in an engagement. A demonstration in honor of
Maceo at Santiago de Cuba takes the form of an outburst of anti- Americanism.



198 SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.

1899.

10. An expedition, headed by the battle ship Oregon, leaves Manila for Subig. Gen
eral del Pilar is killed in an engagement.

12. The disintegrated Filipino army scatters throughout Luzon. General Lawton

occupies San Miguel.

13. Notable successes attend the American campaign in Luzon. The province of

Cagayan is surrendered to Captain McCalla. The President appoints Gen.
Leonard Wood military governor of Cuba.

16. Maj. Peyton C. Marsh abandons the pursuit of Aguinaldo and reaches Bagnen, in

Luzon.

17. The battle ship Texas arrives at Habana to receive the disinterred bodies of the

victims of the Maine disaster. Lieut. T. H. Brumby, flag lieutenant of Admi
ral Dewey, dies of typhoid fever at Washington.

19. Maj. Gen. Henry W. Lawton is killed by a Filipino sharpshooter while attacking
San Mateo, in Luzon.

21. Major-General Wood arrives in Habana and, amid much enthusiasm, assumes

his duties as governor of the island.

22. A farewell banquet is given to General Brooke in Habana. General Wood enters

upon his office as governor of Cuba.

26. Small engagements take place in the Philippines, resulting in native loss and

capture of military supplies.

27. Colonel Lockett routs a Filipino force near San Mateo, Luzon.

28. The bodies of the Maine dead are buried in Arlington National Cemetery in pres

ence of the President and members of the Cabinet.

29. A detachment of American troops captures a Filipino stronghold beyond Matal-

ban and takes 24 prisoners.

1900.
JANUARY.

1. A general advance of the American troops in southern Luzon results in the capture

of Cabuyac after a sharp engagement.
5. Lieutenant Gilmore and other American prisoners are recaptured from the

Filipinos, and are at Vigan. The American flag is hoisted over Sibuta Island,

near Borneo.
7. The Filipino stronghold Commanche, on Mount Aragat, is captured by Captain

Leonhauser. Lieutenant Gilmore and party arrive at Manila.
9. Active operations continue south of Manila. The Filipinos are defeated at

Silang and Imus.

21. General Wood, accompanied by Generals Chaffee and Ludlow, sets out on a two

weeks trip through Cuba.

22. American troops in Luzon capture the town of Taal, in the province of Batan-

gas, defeating 800 Filipinos.

30. The bodies of General Lawton and Major Logan arrive at San Francisco.

FEBRUARY.

3. Brigadier- General Kobb6 occupies the islands of Samar and Leyte, of the Philip
pine group. Several new hemp ports are opened in the islands.

5. General Wood and his party arrive at Habana, having completed a tour of the

island. In Congress a bill is introduced by Senator Foraker providing a form
of government for Porto Rico.

6. Skirmishes in the Philippines are reported, the natives making several attacks

on United States troops. The President appoints Judge William H. Taft, of
Cincinnati, head of a new Philippine commission which is to establish civil
government in the islands.

9. Funeral services over the body of General Lawton are held in the Church of the
Covenant, Washington, and the burial takes place at Arlington Cemetery.

10. Professor Worcester and Colonel Denby are selected as members of the new
Philippine commission in addition to Judge Taft.

12. The Princeton takes possession of the Batan and Calayan islands, of the Philip
pine group.

15. A severe engagement with Filipinos, resulting in their repulse, takes place in

Daroga, Luzon.

16. A strong expedition against the Filipinos, under Generals Bates and Bell, leaves

Manila.



SUMMARY OF EVENTS OF THE SPANISH- AMERICAN WAR. 199

1900.

22. The last two places on the new Philippine commission are filled by the appoint
ment of Gen. Luke E. Wright, of Memphis, Tenn., and Henry Clay Ide, of
Vermont.

MARCH.

2. Secretary Boot starts for Cuba, where he will confer with General Wood and

personally inspect the Cuban situation.

6. Rear-Admiral John C. Watson is relieved from command of the American fleet

at Manila; Rear- Admiral George C. Remey succeeds him.

7. Secretary Root arrives in Habana on the United States transport Sedgvnck.

13. Brig. Gen. William A. Kobbe has been appointed military governor of the pro
vince of Albay, Luzon, and temporarily of the islands of Samar and Leyte.

17. Captain Leary, governor of Guam, issues a proclamation abolishing slavery on the
island.

27. Secretary Root issues an order making the Philippine Archipelago the military
division of the Pacific; the new Philippine commission holds its first meeting.

29. Secretary Hay and the Spanish minister sign a protocol extending for six months

the time allowed for Spanish residents of the Philippines to declare their
allegiance.

30. The new Philippine commission holds its last meeting and receives its final

instructions before starting for Manila.

APRIL.

3. In the Senate the Porto Rican tariff and civil government bill is passed by a vote

of 40 to 31, 6 Republicans voting against it.

11. In the House of Representatives the Senate amendments to the Porto Rican bill

are concurred in by a vote of 161 to 153 after an exciting debate.

12. The Porto Rican tariff and civil government bill becomes a law by the signature

of President McKinley. Charles H. Allen, Assistant Secretary of the Navy,
is appointed governor of Porto Rico.

13. The Holland, submarine torpedo boat, is purchased by the United States Govern

ment. Secretary Gage decides that the tariff feature of the new Porto Rican

law shall go into effect on May 1.
17. Montenegro, an insurgent general in Luzon, surrenders with his forces. An attack

on United States barracks in Mindanao is repulsed.
22. The Filipino insurrection during the past week results in about a thousand rebels

being killed, wounded, or captured.

30. Brig. Gen. George W. Davis, U. S. Volunteers, commanding the Department of

Porto Rico, establishes six civil executive departments to facilitate the transfer
of the civil duties of the military government of the island.

MAY.

1. Hon. Charles H. Allen inaugurated as governor of Porto Rico. General Davis
formally announced the transfer of the government of Porto Rico from the
military to the civil government. M. Dupuy de Lome, former Spanish minister
at Washington, is appointed ambassador to Italy.

3. An American force is surrounded by insurgents on the island of Panay, Philip
pines, and suffers severe loss.

5. General Otis is relieved of his command in the Philippines and General MacArthur
is designated to succeed him. General Otis sailed for San Francisco the follow
ing day.

8. The Samoan Island of Tutuila has been ceded to the United States, and Manna

will also be annexed.

13. Natives in Manila plan an uprising, but lack courage to carry it out.
22, Two complete companies of Filipinos surrender at Tarlos to the American forces.
29. The President nominates Brig. Gen. Elw r ell S. Otis to be major-general in the

Regular Army, in place of General Merritt, who retires on June 16.

31. In Luzon, Corino, governor of Benguet Province, an active partisan of Aguinaldo,

is captured by American troops.



Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 26 of 34)