N. A. (Newton Allen) Strait.

Alphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl online

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Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 30 of 34)
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Monongahela, near Pittsburg, Pa July 9, 1755.

Montmorency, Canada July 31, 1759.

Oswego, N. Y : Aug. 14, 1756.

Quebec. (See Abraham Plains. )

Sillery, Canada Apr. 28, 1760.

Ticonderoga, near and at, New York July 6, 8, 1758.


April 19, 1775, to April 11, 1783. Treaty of alliance with France and acknowledg
ing independence February 6, 1778. The causes of the Revolution were the various
attempts of the British Parliament to impose taxes on the colonies without their
consent and refusing representation in Parliament.

Augusta, S. C., siege and capture of, May 23-June 4, 1781. Americans, killed and
wounded, 51; British, killed, 52; wounded and prisoners, 334.

Barren Hill, Pa., May 20, 1777. General Grant, with 7,000 British, made an
attempt to surprise Lafayette, with 2,500 men. The latter escaped by a masterly

Bemis Heights, N. Y. See Still water.

Bennington, Vt., August 16, 1777. This battle was fought in two parts by 1,600
Massachusetts and New Hampshire militia under General Stark. In the first part
they defeated 600 Germans under Colonel Baum, and in the second they put to
rout 500 Germans under Colonel Breyman. Loss: German, 280 killed and wounded,
and 654 made prisoners; American, 100 killed and wounded. After the defeat of
Baurn, 500 reenforcements arrived under Colonel Breyman, and the battle was
renewed, but resulted in a complete defeat of the combined forces.

696800 15

226 BATTLES OF THE OLD WARS, 1754-1848.

Blackstocks Ford, on Tiger River, S. C., November 20, 1780. American troops
under General Sumter, led by Joseph Kerr, a spy, surprised and defeated 1,500
British and Tories under Colonel Tarleton. Americans, killed and wounded, 11;
Tories, 50 to 100.

Boston Harbor, December 16, 1773. Destruction of tea in.

Boston, Mass. Evacuated March 17, 1776, by 7,000 British, after a siege of nearly
eleven months.

Boundbrook, 1 N. J., June 26, 1777. Five hundred Americans under General
Lincoln were attacked by 2,000 British under Cornwallis, but Lincoln effected the
retreat of his troops with the loss of only 60 men.

Brandywine, Del, September 11, 1777. Fought between the British army under
Lord Cornwallis and the Americans under General Washington. The King s troops

won the victory. Lafayette was first wounded in this battle. Loss: American,
300 killed, 600 wounded, and 400 made prisoners; British, 100 killed and 400

Briar Creek, Ga., March 3, 1779. A British force, under General Prevost, surprised
1,500 North Carolina militia and 60 Continentals under Generals Ashe and Elbert,
and defeated them. Loss: American, 150 killed and. 162 made prisoners; British,
16 killed and wounded.

Broad River, S. C., November 12, 1780. Fought between the Americans under
General Sumter and the British under Major Wemyss. British defeated.

Bunker (Breeds] Hill, Mass., June 17, 1775. Fought between 1,500 Americans
under Colonel Prescott and Generals Putnam, Warren, and Pomeroy and 3,000
British grenadiers and light infantry under Generals Howe, Pigot, and Clinton.
The British overpowered the Americans, but not until their ammunition was
exhausted. Loss: American, 139 killed, 314 wounded and missing; British, 226
killed, 828 w r ounded and missing. It is doubtful if Pomeroy was the principal officer.
General Putnam, it is claimed, was in command. (Who was in command is not
well established. )

The following is another account of the same battle:

On the night of June 16, 1775, a detachment of about 1,200 men left Cambridge
under orders to fortify and defend the heights overlooking Boston. Col. William
Prescott, from his experience in military affairs and his being an officer in the Mas
sachusetts line, had been chosen to conduct the enterprise. The start was made
about 9 o clock. At Charlestown Neck they were met by the wagons laden with
intrenching tools. It was necessary to proceed with the utmost caution, for they
were coming on ground over which the British kept jealous watch. The orders
were to fortify Bunker Hill, but when the designated place was reached it was
decided that Breeds Hill (about 700 yards distant) was the better point to hold, as
it was nearer Boston and had a better command of the town and shipping. The
lines for the fortifications were marked out. The men seized their trenching tools
and set to work with great spirit, Prescott, who felt the responsibility of his charge,
almost despaired of carrying on these operations undiscovered. A party was sent
to patrol the shore at the foot of the heights and watch for any movement of
the enemy. Not willing to trust entirely to the vigilance of others, he twice went
down during the night to the water s edge, reconnoitering everything scrupulously
and noting every sight and sound. At dawn of day the Americans at work were
espied by the sailors on board of the ships of war, and the alarm was given. The
captain of the Lively, the nearest ship, without waiting for orders, opened fire upon
the hill; the other ships followed his example. Prescott now mounted the parapet
and walked leisurely about inspecting the works, giving directions and talking cheer
fully w T ith the men. Encouraged by the words and the brave example of their
commander, standing in full view at the top of the embankment with cannon balls
passing him on all sides, the men completed the earthworks and prepared to meet
the British soldiers.

Camden, or Hobkirks Hill, S. C., April 25, 17S1. Fought between 900 British
under Lord Eawdon and 1,200 Americans under General Greene. The Americans
were defeated, but took 50 British prisoners.

Camden (Sanders Creek], S. C., August 16, 1780. Fought between 3,663 Americans
under General Gates and 2,100 British under Lord Cornwallis. Baron de Kalb was
mortally wounded, and the Americans were defeated. Loss: American, 1,500 killed,
wounded, and made prisoners; British, 324 killed and wounded.

Catawba Ford, S. C., August 18, 1780. The British under Colonel Tarleton
attacked 650 Americans under Sumter, killed, captured, or dispersed the whole party,
and retook 300 British prisoners. Loss: British, 9 killed and 6 wounded. The
Americans had captured two hogsheads of rum and were generally drunk when

1 Boundbrook and Middlebrook are supposed to be the snine battle.

BATTLES OF THE OLD WARS, 1754-1848. 227

Cedar, Canada, May 16 and May 24, 1776. To release the captured of Bedel s

Cedar Rapids, St. Lawrence River, Canada, May 9, 1776.

Charleston, S. C., siege of , May 12, 1780. The city was defended by about 5,000
Americans under General Lincoln. After a siege of a month by a strong British
force under Sir Henry Clinton, General Lincoln was compelled to capitulate. Loss:
American, 89 killed, 140 wounded, and 5,000 made prisoners; British, 76 killed and
140 wounded. The British evacuated the place December 14, 1782.

Chatterlon Hill, October 29, 1776. See White Plains, N. Y.

Chemung. See Newtown, N. Y.

Cherokee Ford, or Kettle Creel:, S. C., February 14, 1779. The Americans, under
Colonel Pick ens, attacked and defeated a body of Tories under Colonel Boyd. Loss:
Tories, 40 killed and wounded and 70 made prisoners; Americans, 9 killed and

Combahee Ferry, S. C., August 27, 1782. Fought between a party of British and
300 Americans under General Gist. The British were defeated.

Cowpens, S. C., January 17, 1781. Fought between 1,100 British under Colonel
Tarleton and the Americans under General Morgan. The British were defeated.
Loss: British, 300 killed and wounded and 500 made prisoners; American, 12 killed
and 60 wounded.

Croini Point, N. Y., May 10, 177J. See Ticonderoga.

Elmira. See Newtown, N. Y.

Ethan Allen, near Montreal, Canada, September 25, 1775. Captured.

Eutaw Springs, S. C., Septembers, 1781. Fought between the British under Colonel
Stuart and 2,000 Americans under General Greene. The British were defeated.
Loss: British, 85 killed, 70 wounded, and 538 made prisoners; American, 555 killed,
wounded, and missing.

Falmonth (now Portland], Me., October 18, 1775. Attacked by the British fleet under
Captain West, burning 139 houses and 278 stores and other buildings.

.Fish Dam Ford, S. C., November 9, 1780.

Forts Clinton and Montgomery, N. Y., taking of, October 6, 1777. These forts were
on the Hudson River, separated only by a small creek, garrisoned by Americans
under Governor Clinton. Fort Montgomery was assaulted by 900 British under
Colonel Campbell, and 2,000 British under Sir Henry Clinton attacked Fort Clinton
simultaneously. Both forts fell into the hands of the British. Loss: American, 250
killed and wounded; British, 200 killed and wounded.

Fort Cornwall/is, S. C., taking of, June 5, 1781. This fort was defended by the
British and attacked and taken by the Americans under General Pickens and
Colonel Lee. Loss: British, 35 killed, 58 wounded, and 300 made prisoners; Amer
ican, 40 killed and wounded.

Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia, attack on, November 20, 1776. This fort is situated
at the head of the Bay of Fundy, in Nova Scotia. It was defended by a British gar
rison under Colonel Gorham, and attacked by a party of American volunteers under
Capt. Jonathan Fddy. The assailants were defeated."

Fort George, N. Y., taking of, November, 1780. Fort George was defended by the
British and attacked and taken by 80 Americans under Major Talmage. Loss:
British, 8 killed and wounded and 57 made prisoners; American, 1 wounded. (Was
the old Fort William Henry, end of Lake George, N. Y. )

Fort Griswold, Conn., taking of , September 6, 1781. The fort was defended by 160
Americans under Colonel Ledyard and assaulted and taken by a British force under
Colonel Eyre. Loss: American, 80 killed, 40 wounded, and 40 made prisoners;
British, 48 killed and 145 wounded.

Fort Lee, N. J. , evacuated November 18, 1776, by Americans, which was compelled
by the capture of Fort Montgomery, on the opposite side of the Hudson River, and
the approach of a large British force under Cornwallis. General Washington made
a hasty and successful retreat into the interior of New Jersey.

Fort Mercer. See Red Bank, N. J.

Fort Miffiin, on the Delaware River, near Philadelphia, October 23-November 16,1777.

Fort Montgomery. See Fort Clinton.

Fort Moultrie (formerly Fort Sullivan), S. C., bombardment o/, June 28, 1776.
Colonel Moultrie, with 400 Americans, defended the fort, on which were mounted
26 cannon. Sir Peter Parker, with two 50-gun ships, four frigates of 28 guns, and
four smaller vessels, mounting in all 270 guns, kept up a furious bombardment for
ten hours, but was finally compelled to retire with the loss of the Acteon, frigate.
Loss: British, 200 killed and wounded; American, 10 killed and 22 wounded.

Fort Sullivan, Charleston Harbor. See Fort Moultrie, S. C.

Fort Washington, N. Y,, taking of, November 16, 1776. This fort was defended by

228 BATTLES OF THE OLD WARS, 1754-18-18.

2,967 Americans under Colonel Magaw. The British marched to the assault under
General Matthews and Lords Cornwallis and Percy; the Hessians under General
Knyphausen. After some severe fighting Colonel Magaw perceived that defense was
hopeless and surrendered the fort, Loss: American, 53 killed, 96 wounded, and
2,818 made prisoners; British and Hessian, 800 killed and w T ounded.

Freemans Farm, N. Y. See Still water.

Germantoicn, Pa., October 4, 1777. Fought between 11,000 Americans under
General Washington and 20,000 British under General Howe. The Americans
were defeated. Loss: American, 200 killed, 600 wounded, and 400 made prisoners;
British, 100 killed and 500 wounded.

Great Bridge, Elizabeth River, near Norfolk, Va., December 9, 1775. Lord Dunmore
commanding British and Tories. Colonel Woodford leading 300 colonial soldiers.
Dunmore force was defeated with a loss of 100 men. Woodford sustained no loss.

Green Spring Plantation, near Jamestown, Va., July 7, 1781. Battle.

G ml ford, N. C., March 15, 1781. Fought between 4,400 Americans, under General
Greene, and 2,400 British, under Lord Cornwallis. The British w r ere victorious.
Loss: American, 450 killed and w r ounded; British, 532 killed, wounded, and missing.

Hanging Rock, S. C., August 6, 1780. Colonel Sumter, with 600 Americans, attacked
and defeated the British, consisting of the Prince of Wales s regiment and a large
body of Tories. The regiment was almost entirely destroyed. From 278 it was
reduced to 9 men.

Harlem Heights or Plains, N. Y., September 16, 1776. Fought by 3 companies of
Virginia Continentals, under Major Leitch, and a corps of rangers, under Colonel
Knowlton, against 2 battalions of British and 3 companies of Hessians. The Ameri
cans were victorious, but both their commanders were slain. Loss: British and Hes
sians, 117 killed, wounded, and missing; American, 50 killed, wounded, and missing.

Ilobkirks Hill, near Camden, S. C., April 25, 1781. Between 460 Americans and 400

Hubbardton, N. Y., July 7, 1777. Fought between 1,000 Americans, under Colonel
Warner, and 850 British, under General Frazer, reenforced by a division of Hessians,
under General Reidesel. The King s troops were victorious. Loss: American, 200
killed and 600 wounded; British and Hessian, 35 killed and 144 wounded.

James Island, S. C., August, 1782. The Americans, under Captain Wilmot, attacked
and defeated a party of British. This was the last blood shed in the w r ar of Inde

Kegs, battle of the, on the Delaware River, near Bordentou-n, N. J., January, 177 8.
(Described in the famous poem of Francis Hopkinson).

Kettle CreeLSee Cherokee Ford, S. C.

Kings Mountain, S. C., October 7, 1780. Fought between 1,600 Americans, under
Colonels Campbell, Shelby, and Cleaveland, and a large force of British and Tories,
under Major Ferguson. Loss: British, 150 killed, 150 wounded, and 810 made pris
oners; American, trifling. This was the most important battle in the South, and
from that date the tide turned against the British, soon followed by their expulsion
from the interior to the coast.

Lexington, Mass., April 19, 1775. Fought between 1,700 British regulars, under
Colonel Smith and Lord Percy, and a small body of Massachusetts militia, under
Major Buttrick. The Americans were victorious. Loss: British, 65 killed, 180
wounded, and 28 made prisoners; American, 50 killed, 34 wounded, and 4 made
prisoners. (Part of this fight was at Concord, Mass. )

Long Island, N. Y., August 27, 1776. Fought between 15,000 Americans, under
Generals Washington, Putnam, Sullivan, and Lord Stirling, and 24,000 British and
Hessians, under Generals Howe, Clinton, Percy, Cornwallis, Grant, and De Heister.
The King s troops were victorious. Loss: American, 500 killed and wounded, 1,097
made prisoners; British and Hessian, 450 killed, missing, and wounded.

McCowans Ford, N. C., February 1, 1781. Fought between the British, under Lord
Cornwallis, and 300 Americans, under Colonel Davidson. The Americans were

Middlebrook, N. J. See Boundbrook.

Minisink, N. Y., July 23 , 1779. The Minisink settlements, Orange County, N. Y.,
were attacked by 60 Indians and 27 Tories, under Brandt. The inhabitants were
all either killed or carried away.

Monmouth, N. J., June 28, 1778. Fought between the British, under Lord Corn
wallis, and the Americans, under Washington. Both sides claimed the victory.
Loss: British, 246 killed, 59 died of fatigue, 44 wounded; American, 142 killed, 160

Montreal, Canada, November 12, 1775. Captured.

Moores Creek Bridge, N. C., February 27, 1776. Fought between about 1,000 North

BATTLES OF THE OLD WARS, 1754-1848. 229

Carolina provincials, under Colonels Caswell and Livington, and about 2,000 royal
ists, under Colonel McLeod. The royalists threw down their arms and fled after the
first onset.

Musgroves Mills, S. C., August IS, 1780. Five hundred British and Tories defeated
by the Americans, under Colonel Williams, and 120 killed and wounded.

* Newtou n, or Cliemung (noiv Elmira] , N. Y., August 29, 1779. Fought between 4,600
Americans, under General Sullivan, and a large number of Indians of the Six
Nations, together with royalists, under Johnson, Butler, and Brandt, The Ameri
cans were victorious. Seven were killed; no prisoners.

New York City, September 15, 1776. Captured by the British.

Ninety-Six, S. C., May 22, 1781. Fought between the Americans, under General
Greene, and 500 British, under Colonel Cruger. The Americans were repulsed.
Loss: American, 150 killed and wounded; British, unknown.

Norfolk, Va., January 1, 1776. Burned by Lord Dinsmore (former royal governor) .

Onondagas, N. Y., battle with the Indians, April 19, 1779. The Onondagas were
attacked and defeated and their settlements burned by 550 Americans under Colonel
Van Schaick. Loss: Indian, 12 killed and 34 made prisoners.

Oriskany, N. Y., August 6, 1777. Fought between a body of American militia,
under General Herkimer, and a partv of British and Indians in ambuscade. The
militia were defeated, and 400 of their number, among whom was Herkimer him
self, were killed.

Paoli, Pa., massacre at, September 20, 1777. A detachment of 1,500 Americans,
under General Wayne, were surprised at midnight by a British division, under Lord
Grey, and 300 Americans were slain while crying for quarter. The rest escaped.
British loss, 8 killed and wounded.

Paulus Hook, N. J., August 19, 1779. The British post at Paulus Hook, commanded
by Major Southerland, was surprised by 300 Americans, under Major Lee. Loss:
British, 30 killed and 159 made prisoners; American, 2 killed and 3 wounded.

Petersburg, Va., April 25, 1781. The British, under Generals Arnold and Philips,
took Petersburg after a severe action with the Americans, under Baron Steuben.

Philadelphia, Pa. Captured by the British September 26, 1777, and evacuated June
18, 1778.

Port Royal Island, Ga., February 2, 1779. Fought between 200 Americans, under
General Moultrie, and 200 British, under Major Gardiner. The Americans were vic
torious. Loss: British, unknown; Americans, 8 killed and 22 wounded.

Princeton, N. J., January 3, 1777. Fought between the Seventeenth and Fifty-fifth
regiments of British infantry, under Colonel Mawhood, and 4,000 Americans, under
General Washington. The British were defeated. Loss: British, 110 killed, 300
made prisoners, Americans, 100 killed and wounded.

(Quaker Hill, R. I., August 29, 1778. Fought between the rear of the American
army, under General Sullivan, and a detachment of British sent out from Newport
by Sir Robert Pigott. The British were repulsed. Loss: British, 260 killed, wounded,
and missing; American, 30 killed, 137 wounded, and 44 missing.

Quebec, Canada, assault on, December 31, 1775. Less than 1,000 Americans, under
General Montgomery and Colonel Arnold, made a desperate assault on Quebec, one
of the strongest fortified cities in the world, which was defended by 1,500 British
regulars, under General Carleton. General Montgomery was killed and his troops
repulsed. Loss: American, 100 killed and wounded, 300 made prisoners; British,

Red Bank, or Fort Mercer, N. J., October 22, 1777. Fort Mercer, at Red Bank, on
the Delaware, was garrisoned by 400 Americans, under Colonel Greene. Three bat
talions of Hessian grenadiers, the regiment of Mirback, and some infantry chasseurs,
under Colonel Donop, assaulted it, but were repulsed. Loss: British, 400 killed
and wounded; American, 32 killed and wounded.

Ridge field, (. onn., April 27, 1777. Fought between 800 Americans, under Generals
Wooster, Arnold, and Silliman, and 2,000 British, under General Tryon. The Amer
icans were defeated. Loss: American, 100 killed, wounded, and missing; British,
170 killed, wounded, and missing.

Rocky Mount, S. C., July 30, 1780.

Sag Harbor, N. Y., May 23, 1777. Sag Harbor was a British depot of provisions
on the eastern end of Long Island, defended by a schooner of 12 guns and a company
of British infantry. It was surprised and carried with charged bayonets by 170
Americans, under Colonel Meigs. Loss: British, 6 killed and 90 made prisoners.

St. Johns, Canada, Nor ember 3, 1775. Captured.

Sanders Creek. See Camden, S. C.

Sandusky, Ohio, June 4, 1782. Crawford s defeat, in which he lost his life. Amer
icans were badly defeated.

Savannah, Ga., December 29, 1778. Fought by 600 Continentals and about 100

230 BATTLES OF THE OLD WARS, 1754-1848.

militia, under Gen. Robert Howe, against 2,000 British, under Colonel Campbell.
The Americans were defeated, and the town and fort fell into the hands of the
British. Loss: American, 100 killed and 453 made prisoners; British, 7 killed and
19 wounded.

Savannah, Ga., assault on, October 9, 1779. Savannah was held by a British garri
son, under General Prevost, and assaulted by 3,500 French, under Count D Estaing,
and 950 Americans, under General Lincoln. The allies were repulsed. Loss: French,
637 killed and wounded; American, 241 killed and wounded; British, unknown.

Springfield, N. J., June 23, 1780. Fought between the British, under General Knyp-
hausen, and the Americans, under General Greene. The Americans were defeated.
Loss: American, 80 killed and wounded; British, unknown.

Stillwater, Bemis Heights, or Freemans Farm, N. Y., first battle of, September 1!),
1777. Fought between 5,000 Americans, under General Gates, and 7,000 British,
under General Burgoyne. Both parties claimed the victory. Loss: American, 319
killed, wounded, and missing; British, 500 killed, wounded, and missing.

Stillwater, Bemis Heights, or Freemans Farm, X. Y., second battle of, October 7,
1777. This was the last battle fought between the armies of Generals Gates and
Burgoyne, and led to the surrender of Burgoyne s army ten days afterwards. Num
ber of troops engaged : British and German, 5,752; American, 10,722.

Stono Ferry, S. C., June 20, 1779. Fought between 1,200 Americans, under General
Lincoln, and a British force, under Colonel Maitland. The Americans were defeated.
Loss: American, 179 killed and w T ounded; British, unknown.

Stony Point, N. Y., storming of, July 16, 1779. The garrison consisted of 606
British, under Colonel Johnson. The assault was successfully made at midnight by
an American force under General Wayne. Loss: British, 63 killed and 543 made
prisoners; American, 98 killed and wounded.

Tappan, N. Y., massacre at, September 28, 1778. A regiment of American cavalry,
under Colonel Baylor, were surprised by the British, under General Gray, while
asleep, and no quarter given. Out of 104 privates, 67 were killed, w r ounded, oV taken.

Three Rivers, Canada, June 8, 1776.

Ticonderoga and Crown Point, N. Y., taking of, May 10, 1775. Ticonderoga was
taken by surprise by about 90 Connecticut and New Hampshire volunteers, under
Cols. Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. None were killed on either side, but 49
British soldiers were taken prisoners. Crown Point was taken in the same manner
by Col. Beth Warner, and 11 British soldiers captured.

Trenton, N. J., December 26, 1776. Fought between 3,000 Americans, under Gen
eral Washington, and an advance division of the British army, consisting of Hessians,
The Americans won the victory. Loss: Hessian, 20 killed and 909 made prisoners;
American, 2 killed, 2 frozen to death, and 5 wounded.

Trenton, N. J., January 2, 1777. Cannonaded by the British, who were repulsed
in attempting to cross the bridge.

Valley Forge, Pa., December 19, 1777. Sixteen miles from Philadelphia where
General Washington went into winter quarters. The intense sufferings of the soldiers
that severe winter have been often told in "song and story," having no shoes or
stockings and being four days without bread.

Waxhaws, S. C., May 29, 1780. Colonel Tarleton, with his legion and a corps of
British light infantry, attacked and defeated 400 Americans, under Colonel Buford.
Loss: American, 113 killed, 203 wounded and made prisoners; British, 12 killed and
5 wounded.

White Horse, battle, September 20, 1777, near Philadelphia, Pa. British under Gen
eral Grey.

White Plains (Chatterton Hill], N.Y., October 28, 1776. After the disastrous battle
of Long Island, the American forces under General Washington rallied near White
Plains, where they were attacked by the British and Hessians, under Generals Howe,
Clinton, Knyphausen, and De Heister. Each party claimed the victory, but as
General Washington maintained his position until the 30th, the British may be said
to have been defeated. Loss: British, Hessian, and American, several hundred.

Williamson s Plantation, S. C., July 12, 1780. Colonel Sumter, with 133 Americans,
attacked and defeated a considerable detachment of British.

Online LibraryN. A. (Newton Allen) StraitAlphabetical list of battles, 1754-1900 : war of the rebellion, Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, and all old wars, with dates; summary of events of the war of the rebellion, 1860-1865; Spanish-American war, Philippine insurrection, 1898-1900; troubles in China, 1900, with other valuabl → online text (page 30 of 34)