Nahum S. (Nahum Sawin) Cutler.

A Cutler memorial and genealogical history : containing the names of a large proportion of the Cutlers in the United States and Canada and a record of many individual members of the family : with an account also of other families allied to the Cutlers by marriage online

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Online LibraryNahum S. (Nahum Sawin) CutlerA Cutler memorial and genealogical history : containing the names of a large proportion of the Cutlers in the United States and Canada and a record of many individual members of the family : with an account also of other families allied to the Cutlers by marriage → online text (page 1 of 51)
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CUTLER MEMORIAL



AND



Genealogical History



CONTAINING THE



Names of a large proportion of the Cutlers in the United States
and Canada, and a Record of many Individual Mem-
bers of the Family, with an Account also
of other Families allied to the
Cutlers by Marriage.



COMPILED BY
NAHUM S. CUTLER,

GREENFIELD, MASS.



PRESS OF E. A. HALL & CO.

Greenfield, Mass.

1889.



THE LIBRARY

BR1GHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY
PROVO, UTAH



DEDICATION.



TO THE MEMBERS OF THE CUTLER FAMILY SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE
WESTERN WORLD, AND TO THOSE CONNECTED WITH US BY MARRIAGE, AS A
MEMORIAL TO THE VOICELESS ONES OF THE SILENT LAND, THE LOVED AND
LAMENTED " WHO WALK WITH US NO MORE," THIS FAMILY RECORD OF THE
CUTLERS IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED BY THE AUTHOR.



CONTENTS.

PAGE

List of Illustrations, . .... 5

Names of the Early Emigrants, ... 6

Explanations, ...... 7

Arms of the Cutlers, .... 8

Preface, ....... 9

Introduction, . . . . . 11

James Cutler, Emigrant, and His Descendants, . 17
John Cutler, Emigrant, and His Descendants, . 315
Robert Cutler, Emigrant, and His Descendants, . 508
Jonathan Cutler and His Descendants, . 517
Benjamin Cutler and His Descendants, . . 538
John Cutler and His Descendants, . . 542
Benjamin Cutler and His Descendants, . . 545
Richard Cutler, Emigrant, and His Descendants, 547
Edmond Cutler, Emigrant, and His Descendants, . 551
John Cutler, from Holland, Emigrant, and His Des-
cendants, ..... 563

Cutlers Who Served in the Wars {not indexed), . 568

Unclassified Records {not indexed), . . 575
A Study Upon the Origin of the Cutler Name, by

S. M. Springer, .... 577

Researches in England, by John L. Cutler, . 581

Extracts from English Researches, . . 590
Index, . . . . . . .609



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.







page


1.


Manasseh Cutler, Fronting title page; rec<


3rd, . 65


2.


E. T. Quimby, ....


96


3.


Mrs. Nancy A. Quimby,


. 96


4.


Epheaim Cutler,


114


5.


E. Cutler Dawes, .


. 119


6.


Nathan Cutler,


127


7.


Abner Cutler, . . . .


. 141


8.


William II. Cutler,


172


9.


Alfred D. Cutler,


. 210


10.


Zenas Cutler, ....


222


11.


George H. Cutler,


. 226


12.


George I. Cutler,


237


13.


Artemas H. Cutler,


. 238


14.


George T. Cutler,


239


15.


E. H. Cutler, .


. 281


16.


John H. Cutler,


284


IT.


Laroy Z. Cutler, .


. 2,92


18.


Nahum S. Cutler,


293


19.


Henry F. Cutler, .


. 301


20.


Elihu Cutler, ....


394


21.


Samuel Cutler, .


. 401


22.


Simeon N. Cutler, .


. 446


23.


William C. Cutler,


494


24.


Arms of the Cutlers' Guild, London,


580


25.


Arms of the Cutlers,


. 586



NAMES OF THE EARLY EMIGRANTS.

PAGE

James Cutler, at Watertown, Mass., 1634, . . 17

John Cutler, at Hingham, Mass., 1636-7, . 315

Robert Cutler, at Cliarlestown, Mass., 1636, . . 508

Richard Cutler, at Accomack County, Va., 1671, 547

Edmond Cutler, at Bucks Count} 7 , Pa., 1686, . . 551

John Cutler, from Holland, at Hingham, Mass., 1674, 563

Nathaniel* Cutler, at Middletown, Ct., 1706 . . 575



* "Nathaniel died June 5, 1706, in his 100th year, without children recorded
to him. As he was born shortly after Robert of Charlestown, and probably
eight or ten years after John, Sr., of Hingham, — each of whom named a son
Nathaniel — he was not improbably their brother."



EXPLANATIONS.

The comprehensive plan adopted and used by the New En-
gland Historic Genealogical Society is the one followed in this
work.

Succeeding a sketch of the heads of families, will be found
the names of their children, in the order of their birth, so far as
ascertained, numbered by Roman numerals. The figures pre-
ceding the individual names indicate that their record is contin-
ued on a subsequent page, and will be found in larger type with
the corresponding figures, the starting point of a new family.
If the information is limited, or the person leaves the family by
marriage, the record is given at once. The ancestors of each
head of a family are given, enclosed in parentheses, at the begin-
ning of his family record, the generation of the same being in-
dicated by exponent figures.

The frequent repetition of common words, such as born, mar-
ried, died, baptized, etc., has led to the use of the ordinary ab-
breviations. The interrogation is used to express doubt or un-
certainty. Where no State is mentioned Massachusetts is to be
understood.



ARMS OF THE CUTLERS.

Cutler (Leechlade, Co. Gloucester). A z. three griffins' heads
erased ar.

Cutler (Chantry. Co. Suffolk). Or. three bends sa. over all a
lion rampant gu. Crest — a demi lion gu. holding a battle-axe,
handle ar.

Cutler (Ipswich, Co. Suffolk, confirmed July 21, 1612). Ar.
three bends sa. over all a lion ramp. gu. {See cut, page 586.)

Cutler (Suffolk). Az. three dragons' heads erased or, langued
gu. Crest — a dragon's head erased or. ducally gorged gu.

Cutler (Suffolk). Az. on a fess cotised or, betw. three drag-
ons heads, erased of the second, a cock and two doves volant, gu.

Cutler (Westminster, granted Mar. 1693). Az. three dragons'
heads erased or. a chief ar. Crest — a dragon's head erased az.
gorged with a mural coronet or. holding in the mouth a laurel
branch vert.

Cutler. Ar. three dragons' heads erased gu. Crest — a drag-
ons' head erased gu.

Cutler (Stainbrough Hall, Co. York, descended from John
Cutler, standard-bearer in the civil wars of the time of Henry
VI., represented, 1645, by Sir Gervase Cutler, and now repre-
sented by John Cutler of Sidmouth, Co. Devon, Esq.). Az.
three dragons 1 or wiverns' heads erased with a bordure or.
Crest — a wivern's head erased or., ducally collared az.

Cutler (Upton, Co. Devon, a branch of the foregoing family,
now represented by George Henry Cutler of Upton, Esq.).
Arms, etc., the same as preceding.



PREFACE,

The origin and scope of this work, together with the reasons
for its publication, can be stated in a few words. In the year
1SS2, I became especially interested in the investigation of Kn-
own ancestral line. In the prosecution of my researches, I soon
discovered that the branches of our family tree were so numer-
ous and involved that I resolved to attempt a systematic geneal-
ogy of the Cutlers of the United States and Canada, This ex-
pansion of my original plan has claimed much thought and time,
many journeys to various places were necessary, correspondence
with a large number of persons was required, and no little ex-
pense was incurred. My desire, however, for a complete family
history has led me to seek every available source of information.

An essential element of a work of this kind is its accuracy, and
that object has been constantly in view, nothing being stated as
a fact without sufficient proof. The history of the earlier gen-
erations has been compiled from the original records, in most
cases having been personally copied. This has been a labor of
love; an increasing fascination has attended it from the begin-
ning, while the zealous and sympathetic cooperation of wife and
daughter has been enlisted, and we have found that even the dif-
ficulties, neither few nor small, in arriving at the desired results
have enhanced the satisfaction with which we view the completed
task.

Like most works of the kind, this fails to realize the author's
ideal. Must}' volumes, Records of Courts, Registries of Probate
and of Deeds, town and parish annals have afforded information,
and have sometimes verified doubtful traditions, but in some cases
the most patient investigation has been fruitless. Invaluable in-
formation has been freely furnished from the retentive memories
of members of the family, now advanced in life, but in some few
cases the absence of tradition and of records has made the collec-
tion of facts impossible. Then, too, identity of names has oc-
casionally confounded generations, and in some cases made it



10 PREFACE.

very difficult to distinguish individuals, — as in the case of four
Ebenezer Cutlers, all having families, residing at the same time
in the adjoining towns of Sutton and Grafton ; while the names
Cutter and Cutler, especially in manuscript, are very liable to be
confounded. A few names and dates have thus been lost in the
darkness of the grave or oblivion, but the author is confident
that the majority of those who bear our name can trace their
descent in this genealogy. Since this work is designed to be a
genealogy of the Cutler family, but little effort has been made
to trace the pedigree of those connected with the family by mar-
riage, yet as some of them have courteously favored the com-
piler with full statements of their lineage, their descendants and
next of kin are given. In the preparation of this work, I have
received some help from published discourses, letters, etc., but I
am especially indebted to the late Rev. Abner Morse, A. M., who
was assisted by the late Rev. Curtis Cutler.

The writings of Mr. Morse were embodied in a pamphlet pub-
lished after his death by Mr. Henry Dan forth, and entitled " A
Genealogical Record of Several Families Bearing the Name of
Cutler, in the United States." This work was printed without
the revision, correction and enlargement which the author would
doubtless have made. Though Mr. Morse's work contains
some errors, it has been a most valuable guide and assistant in the
preparation of the present work and is worthy this particular men-
tion. To many whose names are here recorded, and especially
to John Ward Dean, A. M., Librarian of the New England
Historical and Genealogical Society of 'Boston, Mass. ; Edward
M. Barton, Librarian of the Worcester Antiquarian Society ;
Dr. E. Strong, at the Adjutant General's office, Boston, Mass.,
and to the Librarians of the State libraries of New Hampshire,
Vermont and Connecticut, it remains to acknowledge grate-
fully the uniform courtesy, cheerful and hearty aid and sympa-
thy, which have welcomed the author in his researches. It has
given the compiler great pleasure to find so warm a family feel-
ing, and to realize the power of the common tie which still con-
nects the thousands of our family and makes us one in spirit as
well as in name.



INTRODUCTION



The history of surnames lias always been an interesting study
to the antiquarian. In early times, there were no distinctive
family names. Custom or convenience gave surnames suggested
by parentage, personal characteristics, or occupation. Jack's son,
William's son, John's son, became at length family patronymics.
White, brown, black, and other colors, at first denoting individ-
ual characteristics, descended to children as family designations.
More common still, the various trades became names for those
who followed them ; so the M asons,Carpenters, Coopers,Gardners,
Smiths, all obtained the family designation. In the great Peas-
ant Insurrection, in the time of Richard II., 1331, among the
leaders were Wat, the Tiller, Hob, the Carter, and Tom, the
Miller. These became family names in succeeding generations.
It is needless to say that the name of Cutler had a like origin.
Doubtless, in early days, John or George, the Cutler, pursued
his calling and was so designated, and, as the occupation was
common to all countries, so the name would undergo changes in
different tongues. In the French language, the name is " Cou-
tiler ; " in the Domes-day Book of " William the Conqueror," it
is "Le Coteler " and " Le Cotiler ; " in Scotland it is " Cutlar."
13y comparing these, we see the gradual approach to the present
form of the name. One foreign family, whose name had the
same signification in their language, has translated it and now
bears the name of Cutler, of which more will be said hereafter.

In regard to the origin and early history of the Cutler family,
there is little doubt that most of those of the name in America
sprang from live heads of families, four of whom emigrated from
England, and one from Holland, soon after this country was set-
tled. In our research, we are confronted by three accounts :
One states that the American branch, so to speak, was of Saxon
origin, and descended from Admiral Sir Gervase Cutler, who
was' killed, in 16-15, in defense of the Castle of Pontifiact. Sir
Gervase was son of Thomas Cutler, who was buried at Silktom



12 INTRODUCTION.

January 21, 1<»22, and a descendant of Sir John Cutler, who
was knighted in the reign of Henry VI., and was standard bear-
er in the "War of the Roses." But this tradition, extensively
circulated, our English research clearly disproves. As gratify-
ing as it might be, we cannot claim a noble or titled ancestry in
this direction. The New England ancestors were James, Rob
ert, and John. James Cutler was in Watertown, Mass., in 1(>34.
Robert Cutler first appears in Charlestown, in 1636, and was
married; while John Cutler, Sen., with a family, was at Hing-
ham, in 1G37.

Sir Gervase Cutler married, for his first wife, Elizabeth,
daughter and eventually sole heiress of Sir John Bently, who
died in 1G22. By this marriage he had Margaret, who married
Sir Edward Mosely, and Gervase, who died young. By his sec-
ond marriage, with Lady Magdalen, the ninth daughter of Sir
John Egerton, Duke of Bridgewater, he had nine children, but
the eldest son by this marriage was not born until 1(541, and then
James, Robert, and John had been established in America for
some years.

We come now to the second and perhaps more probable sup-
position, (following Rev. Mr. Morse), which traces one, if not
all, of these three original settlers to Sprauston (Sprawston), a
suburb of the city of Norwich, England. " The fact that the
name of Cutler is a common and honorable one in that region to
this day, that certain marked family traits and resemblances are
common to the descendants there and here, assures me that they
were of one stock, and probably brothers, traceable, perhaps,
from one of four ancient noblemen, who flourished in the con-
terminous County of Suffolk, where, and in Norfolk, the name
has continued prominent and respectable." Mr. Morse also dis-
credited the Sir George theory, and with true democratic feel-
ing, as an American citizen proud of his ancestors, maintains
that noble aims and sterling qualities constitute the most valid
titles of honor and consideration; and that on these, rather than
on any uncertain base of so-called noble origin, our claim may
surely rest.

In preparing this work, we have been struck with the fact



INTRODUCTION. 13

that so little lias been heretofore collected of general family in-
terest. Aside from the work of Rev. Aimer Morse, there is
nothing extant, so far as known, relating to the origin and early
history of the family, except the Memoirs of Dr. Robert Cut-
ler, who was in the fifth generation from James, before men-
tioned. From this Memoir, which was written in 1811, we
make the following extract: ""My father was born in 1720, or
1 721. I have been told by my father. Rev. Robert Cutler, that
he had received it of his ancestors, that an old gentleman by the
name of Cutler came into Xew England early in the first settle-
ment of it. and that he came from some part of Wales, in the
west of Old England, and settled in or near Ipswich, State of
Massachusetts, near the seashore; and that he had three sons,
men grown, that came with him, and that these sons, one of
which settled with his father and another settled at Killinsley,
in Connecticut and the third at Menotomy, a Parish from the
town of Cambridge in Massachusetts State, which must be my
great-grandfather; his son lived with his father, named James.*'
There is nothing to be learned from the records of Ipswich,
or vicinity, to substantiate this theory, yet it would be rash to
affirm that so scholarly a man as Rev. Robert Cutler, who grad-
uated at Harvard College, in 1741, only forty-seven years after
the death of his emigrant ancestor, should be ignorant of the
original home of the family in England. It will be seen, how-
ever, that his son. Dr. Cutler, who was sixty-three years of age
and feeble in health at the time of his writing, was in error as to
the name of his great-grandfather, confounding it with that of
his great-great-grandfather. However gratifying it might be to
some, could we prove royal or gentle origin for our progenitors,
or find them prominent actors in the history of other times, we
are satisfied that we can prove what is, after all, the main thing, —
the worthiness and integrity, the energy and thrift of the stock
from which we sprang. These, which are the leading traits of
all New England character, have marked the Cutler race. The
ambition, the "push.*" — seeking for wider fields and better op-
portunities, — manifested by the first emigrants, has always re-
mained with their descendants ; and, impelled by this, they have



14 INTRODUCTION.

scattered over the land, until no section is without its represent-
ative of the Cutler family. All occupations, all trades and pro-
fessions have found worthy and successful members from our

midst.

With this general introduction, the compiler presents this
genealogy of the Cutler family to his kinsmen, however near or
remote and wherever dispersed, trusting there are many who
will take pleasure in finding the link of union, and feel a satis-
faction in tracing the family, as far as may be, to its origin, as
well as learning something of the lives and deeds of the individ-
uals of whom it is composed.



In entering upon our task, we were met by the difficulty of def-
initely tracing the first settlers of the name of Cutler, who ap-
peared in this country in the first decade of its settlement, back
to the English families from which they sprang, and that of estab-
lishing their relationship, if any. A\ r e have made unwearied and
persistent effort in this direction, we have employed the most
skillful experts, who have made family histories a specialty and
research among old records their life work, yet all our efforts
have failed to discover our progenitors, or to definitely locate
the English home of the Cutler family. What we have said in
the introduction seems to be sufficiently plain on this point. The
theory of descent from Sir Gervase Cutler must, for rea-
sons there given, be abandoned. And while there is no inher-
ent improbability that some or all of the Cutler emigrants (as
Rev. Mr. Morse supposes) may have come from "Sprauston," a
suburb of Norwich, we are not able to sustain the theory. J Jut
we are not alone in the difficulty which meets us. By far the
larger number of families descended from the early settlers en-
counter the same trouble. With a few exceptions, the descend-
ants of the Pilgrims, for instance, cannot trace their ancestors
far back of their embarkation in the Mayflower. Not many
prominent personages were among the early emigrants, and the
haste, and even secrecy, in which many left their native land
would preclude any special notice or record. These seem suffi-
cient reasons for the difficulty we have in tracing our ancestry.



INTRODUCTION. 15

It is our purpose to publish in this work a portion of the
great mass of material we have collected in our researches, con-
sisting of extracts from public records in various parts of Great
Britain, which all go to show how widely spread the Cutler fam-
ily was, even before the settlement of America, and incidentally
bear witness to the social standing and respectability of the race.
These may be valuable in the future, as should any, following
in our footsteps, wish to pursue the research further, they will
find the material we have gathered at hand. They will
also substantiate the fact, whatever it may be worth, that the
same family names of the emigrant Cutlers and their children
are found in the records. The will of Robert Cutler of
London contains the only explicit statement connecting the En-
glish Cutlers with the American branch:

I, Robert Cutler, of London, yeoman, being purposed very
shortly to make a voiage to the seas, and set sayle for -Virginia,
whereas I have several sums of money bit out to divers persons
at 10 per cent., for which bonds etc. are in the hands of my ex-
ors. I bequeath these to my natural mother, Dorothy Muddock,
wife of William Muddock, of Ipswich, merchant, for her life.
After her death, I bequeath the same to my three natural sisters,
Jillian Baxter, Mary Wyeth, and Ann Cary, equally between
them. I ordain my brother in law, Allen Cary and William
Versey, gent, to be exors.

Wit. By Bright, cV/ Wm Row e

John Farnsoterwick, ser.

Date S Sept. 1607, proved 1 May 1611.

The above will proves only that the testator intended to go to
Virginia in 1007. There is no evidence that he did come. lie
probably died unmarried, previous to May 1, 1011, when the
will was proved or admitted to probate. That he had money
invested in some venture, as early as 1607, shows that there was
a tide of emigration setting towards America the year that
Jamestown, in Virginia, was settled, and that he fully intended
to cross the seas and probably settle. It is possible that he did
so, and died in America, but we find no further mention of
him. It will be seen by other wills that he had brothers whose
names were the same as those so common in our early families,

*Virginia, at that time, included New England.



1 6 INTRODUCTION.

and are strong indications that these old families, or others of the
same name in Ipswich, are the source whence the Cutlers of the
New World sprang'.

We leave here the subject of origin, subject to further light,
if that shall come later, and proceed to the main work we have
propose* 1.



JAMES CUTLER AND HIS DESCENDANTS.



1. James Cutler, born in England in 1600, settled as early
as 1634 in *Watertown, Mass., where the first record of
the family name in New England is to be found, and
was one of the original grantees of land in the northerly
part of the town, on the road to Belmont. He married

Anna , tradition says a sister of fCapt. John Grout's

wife, both of whom were so opposed and tantalized in
England for their Puritanism, that they resolved to seek
their fortunes in New England, and came unattended by
parents or near friends. There is no authentic record by
which to fix the year of James Cutler's arrival here.
His first child, James, was born "y e 6 th day 9* month
1635." He had that year passed all necessary probation,
had been received an inhabitant of Watertown, and had
a house-lot assigned him. It contained eight acres,
bounded east by Thomas Boylston, west and north by a
highway, i. e., by Common street and Pond road, south
by El lias Barron.

In the first "great divide' 1 (that is, general division of
land), July 25, 1636, he was assigned twenty -five acres,
and three acres in the further plain (now Waltham), next
to the river. In 1612, from the farm lands, he had as-
signed him eighty-two acres in the fourth division, and

*Watertown, situated six miles west of Boston, was settled in July, 1630,
by Sir Richard Saltonstall, with a large number of emigrants, and Rev.
George Phillips as their pasti r, who sailed from' the Isle of Wight, April 8,
of that year, in the ships Arbella, Jewell, Ambrose and Talbot, arriving in
Salem June 12, 13, 18, and July 2, respectively. Soon after their arrival, June
17, a party, including Gov. fohn Winthrop and Sir Richard Saltonstall,
started out to explore the country about the bay, for the purpose of selecting
a place for settlement. Having chosen the peninsular of Charlestown, they
returned to Salem, and, as soon as preparations could be made for their ac-
commodation, the passengers of the fleet proceeded to Charlestown. That
their stay here was brief is evident from the fact that a church was organized
in Watertown, July 30, when fort)' men, with Sir Richard at the head, signed
the covenant.

fCapt. John Grout m., first, Mary , and, second, Sarah, widow of

Thomas Cakebread; he removed to Sudbury, where he d., 1697.



18 JAMES CUTLER

four other lots. October 2, 1645, lie was one of the pe-
titioners "in relation to Nashaway plantation, now
Weston." December 13, 1649, James Cutler and Na-
thaniel Bowman, for £70, bought of Edward Goffe 200
acres in Cambridge Farms, adjoining Rock Meadow, and
near to or adjoining Waltham, " payable in instalments of
£10 annually, in money, cattle, hogs, wheat, pease, rice
Indian corn or barlie, at the dwelling house of Edward
Goife, in Cambridge," and payment secured by mort-
gage. March 4, 1651, Cutler sold his share (100 acres)



Online LibraryNahum S. (Nahum Sawin) CutlerA Cutler memorial and genealogical history : containing the names of a large proportion of the Cutlers in the United States and Canada and a record of many individual members of the family : with an account also of other families allied to the Cutlers by marriage → online text (page 1 of 51)