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than anything else in relieving even the most
serious bronchial and pulmonary affections."

AVER'S

Cherry Pectoral

Is not a new claimant for popular confi
dence, but a medicine which is to-day
saving the lives of the third generation
who have come into being since it was
first offered to the public.

There is not a household in which this
invaluable remedy has once been in
troduced where its use has ever been
abandoned, and there is not a person
who has ever given it a proper trial
for any throat or lung disease suscep
tible of cure, who has not been made
well bv it.

AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL has,
in numberless instances, cured obstinate
cases of chronic Bronchitis, Larnygitis,
and even acute Pneumonia, and has
saved many patients in the earlier stages
of Pulmonary Consumption. It is a
medicine that only requires to be taken in
small doses, is pleasant to the taste, and is
needed in every house where there are
children, as there is nothing so good as
AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL for treat
ment of Croup and Whooping Cough.

These are all plain facts, which can be
verified by anybody, and should be re
membered by everybody.

Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

PREPARED BY

Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all druggists.



SEVENTIETH YEAR.



THE



NORTH AMERICAN

^^f "

REVIEW.




EDITED BY ALLEN THORN DIKE MICE.



November, 1884.

I. Woman as a Political Factor Judge ROBERT C. PITMAN.

II. The African Problem Prof. E. W. GILLIAM.

III. Progress in Naval Armament HOBART PASHA.

IV. Half-time in Schools Rev. Dr. E. E. HALE.

V. Friendship in Ancient Poetry Principal J. C. SHAIRP.

VI. Herbert Spencer's Latest Critic Prof. E. L. YOUMANS.

VII. Over-illustration CHARLES T. CONGDON.

VIII. Restriction of the Suffrage WILLIAM L. SCRUGGS.

NEW YORK :
No. 30 LAFAYETTE PLACE.

LONDON: TUB A MKRICAN EXCHANGE. PARIS: THK GALIGNANI LIBRARY.

BERLIN: A. A8HKR <fe CO. GENEVA: J. CHEEBULIRZ. ROME: LOE8CHER & CO.

MELBOURNE : W. ROBERTSOX. YOKOHAMA AND SHANGHAI : KELLY & WALSH.



Sinarle number, Fifty Cents. Yearly subscription. Five Dollars.



Volume 138 of the North American Review

NOW READY, COMPLETE.



JANUARY.

Ecclesiastical Control in Utah. President JOHN TAYLOR; Governor ELI H. MURRAY.
Tribulations of the American Dollar. Senator JOHN I. MITCHELL.
Theological Re-adjustments. Rev. Dr. J. H. RYLANCE.
Alcohol in Politics. Senator HENRY W. BLAIU.
The Day of Judgment. Part II. GAIL HAMILTON.
Evils Incident to Immigration. EDWARD SELF.
Bribery by Railway Passes. CHARLES ALDRICH-, Judge N. M. HUBBARD.

FEBRUARY.

Corporations, their Employe's, and the Public. CAUL SCHURZ.
Henry Yaughau, Silurist. Principal J. C. SHAIRP.
John Brown's Place in History. Senator J. J. INGALLS.
Must the Classics Go ? Prof. ANDREW F. WEST.
Race Progress in the United States. J. R. TUCKER, M. C.
Defects of the Public School System. Rev. M. J. SAVAGE.
Rival Systems of Heating. Dr. A. N. BELL ; Prof. W. P. TROWBRIDGE.

MARCH.

Is our Civilization Perishable ? Judge J. A. JAMESON.
Agricultural Politics in England. WILLIAM E. BEAR.
A Defenseless Sea. Board. Gen. H. A. SMALLEY.
Neither Genius nor Martyr. ALICE HYNEMAN RHINE.
The Story of a Nomination. W. O. STODDARD.
Literary Resurrectionists. CHARLES T. CONGDON.
How to Improve the Mississippi. ROBERT S. TAYLOR.
The Constitutionality of Repudiation. D. H. CHAMBERLAIN ; JOHN S. WISE, M. C.

APRIL.

The Decline of American Shipping. N. DINGLEY, JR., M. C.; JOHN CODMAN.
Shall our Civilization be Preserved ? Judge J. A. JAMESON.
The Development of Religious Freedom. Rev. Dr. PHILIP SCHAFF
Changes in the Climate of North America. Dr. FELIX L. OSWALD.
A Plea for Modern Languages. Prof. C. A. EGGEUT.
Literature for Children. JULIAN HAWTHORNE.
Recent Criticisms of the Bible. Rev. A. G. MORTIMER ; Rev. Dr. R. H. NEWTON.

MAY.

Defective Naturalization Laws. Justice WILLIAM STRONG.

Matthew Arnold. EDWIN P. WHIFFLE.

A Zone of Worlds. RICHARD A. PROCTOR.

The Railway and the State. GERRIT L. LANSING.

Illusions of Memory. Prof. HENRY F. OSBORN.

The Meaning of Song. HELEN KENDRICK JOHNSON.

Workiugmeu's Grievances. WILLIAM GODWIN MOODY; Prof. J. L. LAUGHLIN.

JUNE.

Harboring Conspiracy. Prof. HENRY WADE ROGERS.
Lords of Industry. HENRY D. LLOYD.

The Struggle for Immortality. ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS.
Sociological Fallacies. Prof. W. G. SUMNER.
The Rise and Fall of Authority. President J. C. WELLING.
Walt Whitman. WALKER KENNEDY.

Expert Testimony. ROSSITER JOHNSON ; Dr. W. W. GODDING ; T. O'CONOR SLOANE ; Dr. CHARLES
L. DANA.



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NEW BOOKS.

Contemporary Socialism. By JOHN RAE, M. A. Crown 8vo, $2.00.

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THE HIBBEKT LECTURES FOR 1884.

The Native Religions of Mexico and Peru. By Professor ALBERT

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The Reality of Faith. By Rev. NEWMAN SMYTH, i vol. i2mo, $1.50.

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By E. D. KEYES, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., and late Major-General U. S. V.
i vol. I2mo, $1.50.

THE NEW AND UNIFORM EDITION OF

The Writings of Donald G. Mitchell (Ik Marvel). In i2mo

volumes in original cloth bindings. Price per vol., $1.25.

My Farm of Edgewood. A Country Book.

ALREADY PUBLISHED :

Reveries of a Bachelor ; A Book of the Heart.

Seven Stories : with Basement and Attic.

Dream Life : A Fable of the Seasons.
Wet Days at Edgewood. Doctor Johns.

Bound Together ; A Sheaf of Papers.

In Partnership. Studies in Story-telling. By BRANDER MATTHEWS

and H. C. BUNNER. i vol. i2mo, $1.00.

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The final volumes of Mr. Fronde's Life of Carlyle "will be published immediately under
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library edition, two volumes 8vo, $4.00, and a popular edition, complete in one volume,
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The STORIES BY AMERICAN AUTHORS have now become a standard
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Nos. 743 & 745 Broadway, New -York.



A Pretty Woman'sSecret,

Fear of discovery, when she resorts to
false hair and dyes, is a source of con
stant anxiety to her. The very persons
from whom she most desires to hide the
waning of her charms are the ones most
likely to make the discovery. But there
is no reason why she should not regain
and retain all the beauty of hair that was
her pride in youth. Let her use AVER'S
HAIR VIGOR, and, not only will her hair
cease to fall out, but a new growth will
appear where the scalp has been denuded ;
and locks that are turning gray, or have
actually grown white, will return to their
pristine freshness and brilliance of color.
AYER'S HAIR VIGOR cures

Hereditary Baldness.

GEORGE MAYER, Flatonia, Texas,\v^
bald at 23 years of age, as his ancestors
had been for several generations. One
bottle of HAIR VIGOR started a growth of
soft, downy hair all over his scalp, which
soon became thick, long, and vigorous.

Ayer's Hair Vigor

is not a due, but, by healthful stimulation
of the roots and color glands, speedily
restores to its original color liair that is

Turning Cray.

MRS. CATHERINE DEAMER, Point of
Hacks, McL, hud her hair suddenly
blanched by fright, during the late civil
war. AYER'S HAIR VIGOR restored it
to its natural color, and made it oofter,
glossier, and more abundant than it had
been before.

Scalp Diseases

Which cause drvness, brittleness, and fall
ing of the hair, dandruff, itching, and
annoying sores, are all quickly cured by
AYER'S HAIR VIGOR. It cured HERBERT
BOYD, Minneapolis, Minn., of intoler
able Itching of the Scalp; J. N. CAR
TER, JR., Occoquan, Va., of Scald
Head; MRS. D. V. S. LOVELACE, Love-
laceville, Ju/., of Tetter Sores; Miss
BESSIE H. BEDLOU, Burlington, Vt., of
Scalp Disease and Dandruff. Tor
pidity of the roots of the hair, which, if
neglected, may result in incurable bald
ness, is readily cured by AYER'S HAIR
VIGOR. As

A Toilet Luxury

AYER'S HAIR VIGOR has no equal. It
is colorless, cleanly, delightfully per
fumed, and has the effect of making the
hair soft, pliant, and glossy.

Ayer's Hair Vigor,

PREPARED BY

Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Jx>well, Mass.

Sold by all Druggists.



DYSPEPSIA.

Sedentary habits, mental worry, nervous
excitement, excess or imprudence in eat
ing or drinking, and various other causes,
induce Constipation followed by general
derangement of the liver, kidneys, and
stomach, in which the disorder of each
organ increases the infirmity of the others.

The immediate results are Loss of Appe
tite, Nausea, Foul Breath, Heartburn, Flat
ulence, Dizziness, Sick Headaches, failure
of physical and mental vigor, distressing
sense of weight and fullness in the stomach,
and increased Costiveness, all of which are
known under one head as Dyspepsia.

In every instance where this disease does
not originate from scrofulous taint in the
blood, AYER'S PILLS may be confidently
relied upon to effect a cure. Those cases
not amenable to the curative influence of
AYER'S PILLS alone will certainly yield if
the PILLS are aided by the powerful blood-
purifying properties of AYER'S SARSAPA-

RILLA.

Dyspeptics should know that the longer
treatment of their malady is postponed,
the more difficult of cure it becomes.

Ayer's Pills

Never fail to relieve the bowels and pro
mote their healthful and regular action,
and thus cure Dyspepsia. Temporary

Salliatives all do permanent harm. The
tful activity into which the enfeebled
stomach is spurred by "bitters," and alco
holic stimulants, is inevitably followed
by reaction that leaves the organ weaker
than before.

"Costivenegs, induced by my sedentary
habits of life, became chronic; AYEK'S PILLS
afforded me speedy relief. Their occasional use
has since kept me all right." HERMANN BRING-
HOFF, Newark, N. J.

"I was induced to try AYER'S PILLS as a
remedy for Indigestion, Constipation, and
Headache, from which I had long been a suf
ferer. I found their action easy, and obtained
prompt relief. They have benefited me more
than all the medicines ever before tried." M.V.
WATSON, 152 State St., Chicago, III.

"They have entirely corrected the costive
habit, and vastly improved my general health."
REV. FRANCIS B. HARLOWE, Atlanta, Ga.

"The most effective and the easiest physic J
have ever found. One dose will quickly move
my bowels and free my head from pain." W. L
PAGE, Richmond, Va.

"A sufferer from laver Complaint, Dys
pepsia, and Neuralgia for the last twenty
years, AYER'S PILLS have benefited me moro
than any medicine I have ever taken." P. R.
ROGERS, Needmore, Brown Co., Ind.

"For Dyspepsia they are invaluable." J. T.
HAYES, Mexia, Texas.

AYER'S PILLS,

PREPARED BY

Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.

Sold by all Druggists.



SEVENTIETH YEAH.



THE



NORTH AMERICAN
REVIEW.



EDITED BY ALLEN




December, 1884.



I. Labor and Capital before the Law ...... Justice T. M. COOLEY.

II. The Palace of the Kings of Tiryns . . . . Dr., HENRY SCHLIEMANN.

III. Notes on Railway Management ..... WILLIAM K. ACKERMAN.

IV. The British House of Lords ....... GEORGE TICKNOR CURTIS.

V. Responsibility for State Roguery ......... JOHN F. HUME.

VI. Friendship in English Poetry ........ Principal J. C. SHAIRP.



NEW YORK:
No. 30 LAFAYETTE PLACE.

LONDON: THR AMERICAN EXCHANGE. PARIS: THE GALIONAXI LIBRARY.

BERLIN: A. ASIIER & Co. GENEVA: J. CHERBULIEZ. ROME: LOESCHER & CO.

MELBOURN K : W. ROBERTSON. YOKOHAMA AND SHANGHAI : KKU.Y & WALSH.

number, Fifty Cents. Yearly subscription, Five Dollars.



Volume 139 of the North American Review.

NOW READY, COMPLETE.



JULY.

Juries and Jurymen. Judge ROBERT C. PITMAN.
American Economics. Prof. VAN BUREN DENSLOW.
Marriage and Divorce. Justice NOAH DAVIS.
The Annexation of Canada. Dr. P. BENDER.
Government Telegraphy. Prof. D. McG. MEANS.
Private Vengeance. CHARLES T. CONGDON.
The Future of the Negro. Prof. CHARLES A. GARDINER, and others.

AUGUST.

The Encroachments of Capital. Justice JAMES V. CAMPBELL.
The Origin of Comets. RICHARD A. PROCTOR.
Are We a Nation of Rascals ? JOHN F. HUME.
Man and Brute. GEORGE J. ROMANES.

The Drift Toward Centralization. Judge EDWARD G. LORING.
The American Element in Fiction. JULIAN HAWTHORNE.
Prohibition and Persuasion. NEAL Dow; Dr. Dio LEWIS.

SEPTEMBER.

The Basis of Popular Government. Bishop J. L. SPALDING.
The Demand of the Industrial Spirit. CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER.
Inspiration and Infallibility. Rev. Dr. J. H. RYLANCE.
The Need of Liberal Divorce Laws. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.
Our Remote Ancestry. Prof. ALEXANDER WINCHELL.
The Exclusion of the Chinese. JOHN H. DURST.
Evils of the Tariff System. DAVID A. WELLS, and others.

OCTOBER.

Moral Character in Politics. President JULIUS H. SEEL YE.
Why I Wish to Visit America. Rev. Dr. AUGUSTUS JKSSOPP.
The Philosophy of Conversion. O. B. FROTHIXGHAM.
The Origin of Yellow Fever. Dr. C. CREIGHTON.
Shall the Jury System be Abolished ? Judge ROBERT Y. H AYNE.
The Genesis of Tennyson's Maud. RICHARD HERNE SHEPHERD.
The Development of Machine Guns. Lieut. C. SLEEMAN.
Benefits of the Tariff System. JOHN ROACH, and others.

NOVEMBER.

Woman as a Political Factor. Judge ROBERT C. PITMAN.
The African Problem. Prof. E. W. GILLIAM.
Progress in Naval Armament. HOBART PASHA.
Half-time in Schools. Rev. Dr. E. E. HALE.
Friendship in Ancient Poetry. Principal J. C. SHAIRP.
Herbert Spencer's Latest Critic. Prof. E. L. YOUMANS.
Over- Illustration. CHARLES T. CONGDON.
Restriction of the Suffrage. WILLIAM L. SCRUGGS.

DECEMBER.

Labor and Capital Before the Law. Justice T. M_ Coo LEY.
The Palace of the Kings of Tiryns. Dr. HENRY SCHLIEMANN.
Notes on Railway Management. WILLIAM K. ACKERMAN.
The British House of Lords. GEORGE TICKNOR CURTIS.
Responsibility for State Roguery. JOHN F. HUME.
Friendship in English Poetry. Principal J. C. SHAIIIP.



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BINDING-CASES, FOR HOME BINDING, SUITABLE FOR ANY VOLUME, 60 CENTS.

Sent, post-paid, on receipt of price.
Address THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, :50 Lafayette Place, New- York.



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NEW BOOKS.



The Snake Dance of the Moquis of Arizona. Being a Narrative

of a Journey from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Villages of the Moqui Indians of
Arizona, with a Description of the Manners and Customs of this Peculiar People,
and especially of the Revolting Religious Rite the Snake Dance; to which is added
a Brief Dissertation upon Serpent Worship in General, with an Account of the
Tablet Dance of the Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico, etc. By JOHN G.
BOURKE, Captain Third U. S. Cavalry. I vol. crown 8vo, with more than thirty
plates, many of them beautifully colored. $5.00.

The New Uniform Edition of the Writings of Donald G. Mitchell.
My Farm at Edgewood. A Country Book, i vol. i2mo, $1.25.

ALREADY PUBLISHED:

Bound Together, A Sheaf of Papers. Reveries of a Bachelor. Out of Town
Places. Seven Stories, with Basement and Attic. Dream Life, A Fable of
the Seasons. Wet Days at Edgewood. Doctor Johns.

The Creoles of Louisiana. By GEORGE W. CABLE, i vol. 8vo, $3.50;

extra gilt, $5.00.

Biographical Essays. By F. MAX MULLER, K. M. i vol. i2mo, $2.00.
Fifty Years' Observation of Men and Events, Civil and Military.

By E. D. KEYES, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., late Major-General U. S. V.
i vol. I2mo, $1.50.

Ancient Empires of the East. By Prof. A. H. SAYCE, i vol. i2mo,
$1.50.

Bermuda. An Idyl of the Summer Islands. By JULIA C. R.

DORR, i vol. I2mo, with map, $1.25.

Philosophic Series. By JAMES McCosn, D. D., LL. D. Vol. VII.

A Criticism of the Critical Philosophy, showing that Kant has stated and defended
most important truths, but has undermined knowledge by making the mind begin
with appearances and not with things. Paper, 50 cents.

Contemporary Socialism. By JOHN RAE, M. A. Crown 8vo, $2.00.

THE HIBBERT LECTURES FOR 1884.

The Native Religions of Mexico and Peru. By Professor ALBERT

REVILLE. i vol. i2mo, $1.50.



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Online LibraryNathaniel Hillyer. EglestonThe North American review (Volume 139) → online text (page 60 of 60)