DANIEL B. HAGAR President Salem, Mass.
H.S.JONES Vice-President Erie, Pa.
GEORGE P. BROWN Secretary and Treasurer Terre Haute, Ind
National Educational Association
OF THE UNITED STATES.
OF'F'ICESRS FOR 1S86-7.
WILLIAM E. SHELDON.
JAMES H. (AN FIELD. . .
Mrs. Delia I.. Wilhams, Ohio.
Henry Saliin, Iowa.
A. <;.'Jk)yden. Massachnpetts.
Miss F. E. Holbrook, Illinois.
E. E. Whit©, Ohio.
L. H. Marvel, Maine.
«*. C Rounds, New Hampshire.
A. L. Hardy, Vermont.
G A. Littletield, Rhode Island.
S. T Duttun, Connecticut.
George A. Bacon, New York.
H. S. Jones. Pennsylvania.
Joseph Oark, New Jersey.
Isaac T. Johnson, Delaware.
Henry A. Wise, Maryland.
J. L. Buchanan. Virginia.
5. I). BroMm, West Virginia.
J. H. Carlisle, South Carolina.
. .Boston, Massachusetts
...Lawrence, Kausas ,
Aaron CJove, CoIora<lo.
Hattie O. Thorns, Wisconsin.
Warren Easton, Louisiana.
W. R. Garrett, lennessee.
. Stcretary .
Julias D. Dreher, Virginia.
Mrs. M. A. Stone. Connecticut.
Miss Ella Calkins, New York.
N. A. Calkins, New York.
GustJiVus J. Orr, Georgia.
W. H. < ouncil, Alabama.
S. R Preston, Mississipi)!.
E. E. .*^heib, Louisiana.
Alexander Mof^i^^ Texas.
Leroy D. Br.»wn, Ohio.
W. A. Bell. Indiana.
D. 8. Howill, Michijian.
Thomas H. McBri'le. Iowa.
W. H. Bartholomew, Kentucky.
T. C. Earns, Tenne^sfe.
D. C. Tillotstm. Kansas.
Henry M. James. Nebraska.
S. a. Laws, Missouri.
CHARLES S. Y'OUXG PreMulent
N. C. DOL'GHERTY Vice President
CHARLES C. DAVIDSON Secretary
G. D. Purinton, Arkansas.
N, C. l>ougherty, Illinois.
Charles s. Ytmnjj, Nevada.
E H. Anderson, t^tah.
J. O'Connor, California.
T. O. Hutchinson. Oregon.
Z. Uichanis, Dist. of Columbia.
W. l> I'arker, Wisconsin.
D. L. Kiehle, Minnesota.
J. E. Monox, Dakota.
J. M. Allen. Kentucky.
L. 8. Cornell, Colorado.
Carson City, Nevada.
W. A. MOWRY' President Boston. Massachusetts.
PETKR McVICAR Vice-PrtHdent Topeka, Kansas.
H. H. FREER, of Cornell College Hecretary Iowa.
A. R. TAYLOR, State Normal School President Emporia, Kansas.
JAMKS H. HOOSE Vice- President ( ortland, N. Y.
MISS MARY NICHOLSON Secretary Indianapolis, Ind.
J. M. ORDWAY President New Orleans, Louisiana.
J. A. WICKERSHAM Vice-President Terre Haute. Indiana.
J. D. WALTERS Secretary Miuihattan, Kansas.
WALTER S. PERRY President '. Worcester, Mass.
MRS. E F. DI MOCK Vice-President Chicago, HI.
MRS. L. F. PICKKNS Secretary Emporia, Kan.
O. S. WESTCOTT President Chicago. HI.
N. COE STEWART Vice-President Cleveland Ohio.
HERBERT L GRIGGS " '♦ Denver. Col.
EDGAR O. SILVER Secretary Boston, Mass.
W. N. HAIL^L\NN President La Porte, Indiana.
J.W.DICKINSON Vice-President Bo.ston, Mass.
MISS S. A. VAN NOTE Secretary La Porte, Indiana.
W. H. BARTHOLOMEW President Louisville, Kentucky.
MISS ELIZABETH BAITMG ARDTNER Vice- President llliiK.is.
MISS M. W. SUTHERLAND Secretary Mansfield, Ohio.
GEO. A. BACON President Syracuse, N. Y.
HENRY L. BOLT WOOD Vice-President Kvjinstoii. DL
PAUL H.HANUS Secretary...^ West Denver, Col.
National Council of Education.
D. B. H AGAR. President Salem, Mass.
H.S.JONES Vice-President Erie.Penn.
E. W. COY Secretary and Treasurer Cincinnati, Ohio.
National Educational Association
As amenfled, in conformity to the requirements of the Charter, at the
Vnnnal Meeting held at Topeka, Kansas, July 13-16, 1886.*
To elevate the character and advance the interests of the profession of
beaching, and to promote the cause of popular education in the United
States, we, whose names are subjoined, agree to adopt the following
ARTICLE L— NAME.
This Association shall be styled the National Edacational Association.
ARTICLE II.— DEPARTMENTS.
Section 1. It shall consist of nine departments: the first, of School Superin-
tendence; the second, of Normi. .Siliools; the third, of Elementary Schools; the
fourth, of Higher Instruction; the fifth, of Industrial Education; the sixth, of Art
Education; the seventh, of Kindergarten Instruction; the eighth, of Music Educa-
tion ; the ninth, of Secondary Education; and a National Council of Education.
Sec. 2. Other departments may be organized in the manner prescribed in this
ARTICLE IIL— MEMBERSHIP.
Section 1. Any person in any way connected with the work of education, or
any educational association, shall be eligible to membership. Such person or
association may become a member of this Association by paying two dollars and
signing this Constitution, and may continue a member by the payment of an
annual fee of two dollars. On neglect to pay such fee, the membership will
Sec. 2. Each department may prescribe its own conditions of membership,
provided that no person be admitted to such membership who is not a member of
the general Association.
Sec. 3. Any pei-son eligible to membership may become a life-member by pay-
ing at once twenty dollars.
*The Confilitution as here published, embi'Ace^ also the Amendments made iq
July, 1880, 1883, 1884, and 188§. *
ARTICLE IV.— OFFICERS.
Section 1. The officers of this Association shall be a President, twelve Vice-
Presidents, a Secretary, a 'I'reasurer, one Councilor for each State, Distnct, or
Territory represented in the Association, and the presidin^^ officers of the several
departments, and a Board of Trustees to be constituted as hereinafter provided.
Any finend of education may become a life-director by the donation of one hun-
dred dollars to the Association at one time, either by himself or on his behalf;
aiid any educational association may secure a perpetual directorship by a like
donation of one hundred dollars, the director to be appointed annually or for life.
Whenever a life-member desires to become a life-director, he shall be credited
with the amount he has paid for his life-membership.
Skc. 2. The President, Vice-Presidents, Secretary, Treasurer, Councilors,
Life-Directors, President of the Council, and presiding officers of tlieir respective
departments shall constitute the Board of Directors, and, as such, shall have
power to appoint such committees from their own number as they shall deem
Skc. 3. The elective officers of the Association shall be chosen by ballot, unless
otherwise ordered, on the second day of each annual session, a majority of the
votes cast beinf( necessary for a choice. They shall continue in office until the
close of the annual session subsequent to their election, and until their successors
ai-e chosen, except as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 4. Each department shall be administered by a President, Vice-President,
Secretary, and such other officers as it shall deem necessary to conduct its affairs;
but no person shall be elected to any office of any department, or of the Associa-
tion, who is not, at the time of the election, a member of the Association.
Sec. 5. The President shall preside at all meetings of the Association and of
the Board of Directors, and shall perform the duties usually devolving upon a
presiding officer. In his absence, the first Vice-President in order who is present
shall preside ; and in the absence of all Vice-Presidents, a pro tempore chairman
shall be appointed on nomination, the Secretary putting the question.
Sec. 6. The Secretary shall keep a full and accurate report of the proceedings
of the general meetings of the Association and all meetings of the Board of
Directors, and shall conduct such correspondence as the Directors may assign,
and shall have his records present at all meetings of the Association and of the
Board of Directors. The Secretary of each department, shall, in addition to
performing the duties usually pertaining to his office, keep a list of the members
of his department
Sec. 7. The Treasurer shall receive and, under the direction of the Board of
Trustees, hold in safe keeping all moneys paid to the Association, shall expend
the same only upon the order of said Board, shall keep an exact account of his
receipts and expenditures, with vouchers for the latter, which accounts ending
the first day .of July each year, he shall render to the Board of Trustees, and,
when approved by said Board, he shall report the same to the Board of Directors.
The Treasurer shall give such bond for the faithful discharge of his duties as may
be required by the Board of Trustees; and he shall continue in office until the
first meeting of the Board of Directors held prior to the annual meeting of the
Association next succeeding that for which he is elected.
Sec. 8. The Board of Directors shall have power to fill all vacancies in their
own body; shall have in charge the general interests of the Association, excepting
those herein entrusted to the Board of Trustees; shall make all nccct^sary
30 THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION.
arrangements for its meetings, and shall do all in its power to make it a useful and
honorable institution. Upon the written application of twenty members of the
Association for permission to establish a new department, they may pjrant such
permission. Such new department shall in all respects be entitled to the same
rights and privileges as the others. The formation of such department shall in
effect be a sufficient amendment to this Constitution for the insertion of its name
in Article II., and the Secretary shall make the necessary alterations.
Sec. The Board of Trustees shall consist of four members, elected by the
Board of Directors for a term of four years, and the President of the Association,
who shall be a member cx-officio, during his term of office. At the election of the
Trustees in 1886, one Trustee shall be elected for one year, one for two years, one
for tlirec years, and one fur four years, and annually thereafter, at the first meet-
ing of the Board of Directors held prior to ihe annual meeting of the Association,
one Trustee shall be elected for the terra of four years. All vacancies occurring
in said Board of Trustees, whether by resignation or otherwise, shall be filled by
the Board of Directors for the unexpired term; and the absence of a Trustee from
two consecutive annual meetintrs of the Board shall forfeit his membership there-
in. The Board of Trustees thus eUcted and constituted shall be the executive
financial officers of this Association, as a body corporate, as conferred by the
certificate of organization under the provisions of the Act of General Incorpora-
tion, Class Third, of the Revised Statutes of the District of Columbia, dated the
twenty-fourth day of February, 1886, at Washington, D. C, and recorded in Liber
No. 4, ** Acts of Incorporation for the District of Columbia.''
Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the Board of Trustees to provide for the safe keep-
ing and investment of all funds which the Association may receive from life-direc-
torships, or from donations; and the income of such invested funds shall be used
exclusively in paying the cost of publishing the annual volume of Proceedings of
the Association, excepting when donors shall specify otherwise. It shall also be
the duty of the Board to issue orders on the Treasurer for the payment of all bills
approved by the Board of Directors, or by the President and Secretary of the
Association, acting under the authority of the Board of Directors; and, when
practicable, the Trustees shall invest all surplus funds exceeding one hundred dol-
lars, that may remain in the hands of the Treasurer after paying the expenses of
the Association for the previous year.
ARTICLE v.— MEETINGS.
Section 1. The annual meeting of the Association shall be held at such time
and place as shall be determined by the Board of Directors
Sec. 2. Special meetings may be called by the President at the request of five
Sec. 3. Any department of the Association may hold a special meeting at such
time and place as by its own regulations it shall appoint.
Sec. 4. The Board of Directors shall hold their regular meetings at the place,
and not less than two hours before the assembling of the Association.
Sec, 5. Special meetings may be held at such other times and places as the
Board or the President shall determine.
Sec. 6. Each new Board shall organize at the session of its election. At its
first meeting a Committee on Publication shall be appointed, which shall consist
of the President and the Secretary of the Association for the previous year, and
one member from each department.
INCORPORATION OF THE ASSOCIATION. 31
ARTICLE VI.— BY-LAWS.
By-Laws, not inconsistent with this Constitution, may be adopted by a two-
thirds vote of the Association.
ARTICLE VIL— AMENDMENTS.
This Constitution may be altered or amended at a regular meeting by the unani-
mous vote of the members present, or by a two-thirds vote of tbe members present,
provided that the alteration or amendment has been substantially proposed in
writing at a previous meeting.
L At each regular meeting of the Association there shall be appointed a Com-
mittee on Nominations, one on Honorary Members, and one on Resolutions.
2. The President and Secretary shall certify to the Board of Trustees all bills
approved by the Board of Directors.
3. Each paying member of the Association shall be entitled to a copy of its
4. No paper, lecture, or address shall be read before the Association or any of
its departments in the absence of its author, nor shall any such paper, lecture, or
address be published in the volume of Proceedings without the consent of the
Association, upon approval of the Executive Committee.
The followyig members were elected Trustees, in accordance with the
N. A. Calkins, Chairman, 124 East 80th St, New York, for four years.
Horace S. Taebell, Providence, R. I., for three years.
Zalmon Richards, Secretary, Washington, D. C, for two years.
John Eaton, Washington, D. C, for one year.
Wm. E. Sheldon, Boston, Mass., President, ex-officio.
OF THE ASSOCIATION.
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the National Educational
Association held at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., July 14, 1885, the following
resolution was passed : —
Re^olvedy that a Committee of three be appointed to secure 'articles of
incorporation for the National Educational Association, under United
States or state laws, as speedily as may be.
N. A. Calkins of New York, Thomas W. Bicknell of Massachusetts, and
Eli T. Tappan of Ohio were appointed said Committee.
Under authority as above, and with the approval of the Committee, and
by competent legal advice, the chairman obtained a
32 THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
CERTIFICATE O'P INCORPORATION.
We the undersigned, Norman A. Calkins, John Eaton, and Zalmon
Richards, citizens of the United States, and two of them citizens of the
District of Columbia, do hereby associate ourselves together pursuant to
the provisions of the Act of General Incorporation, Class Third, of the
Revised Statutes of the District of Columbia, under the name of the
National Educational Association, for the full period of twenty years, the
purpose and objects of which are to elevate the character and advance the
interests of the profession of teaching and to promote the cause of popu-
lar education in the United States : To secure the full benefit of
said Act we do here execute this our Certificate of Incorporation as said
In witness whereof we severally set our hands and seals this 24th day
of February, 1886, at Washington, D. C.
Norman A Calkins, [L. S.]
John Eaton, [L. S.]
Zalmon Richards, [L. S.}
District op CoLuaiBiA, SS.
On this 24th day of February, A. D. 1886, before me, a Notary Public in and for
said District, personally appeared Norman A. Calkins, John Ea^n, and Zalmon
Richards, all personally well known to me, and they severally acknowledged to me
that they executed the above instrument, and acknowledged the execution thereof
to be their act and deed.
Given under my hand and official seal the 24th day of February, A. D. 1886.
Michael P. Callan.
The three Incorporators met at Washington, D. C, February 25, 1886,
made a preliminary organization by choosing N. A. Calkins, chairman,
and Zalmon Richards, secretary. They then resolved to meet at Topeka,
Kansas, July 13, 1886, and submit to the Board of Directors the matter
and manner of perfecting the organization of the Association under the
Corporate Powers secured by the Certificate of Incorporation.
The report of the Committee on Incorporation, presented by the Chair-
man, was accepted by the Board of Directors, and a special committee
appointed to prepare and present the changes in the Constitution necessa-
ry to conform to the requirements of the charter. The report on said
changes was made to the Association at the meeting held July 15, 1886,
and the several amendments to the Constitution submitted were unani-
National Educational Association.
The dates in the margin indicate the year when the several member-
ships began. The addresses given are the same as last year, except in
cases where information of change of residence has been furnished.
Where there is a reasonable doubt as to residence, it is indicated by ( ? ) .
The * indicates the decease of the member. The names printed in
Italics represent those who attended the meeting at Topeka.
1879. Philadelphia Teachers' Institute.
1886. Fairchild, Geo. T„ Manhattan. 1886. Taylor, A. n,y Emporia.
1886. Jevoeit, A.V., Abilene.
1886. Oreentoood, J, M,, Kansas City.
18Ti. Marshall, T. Marcellus, Chamita.
I 1881. Rickoif, Andiew J., Yonkers.
THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION.
1881. Woodward, G. A., Selma (P).
18S3. Croue, Aaron^ Denver.
Barnard, Henry, Hartford. 1870. Stone, Mrs. M. A., New Mllford.
Nortlirop, Birdsey G., Clinton.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Bell, Alex. Graham. Washing- • 1864.
Hitz, John, Washington.
Mallon, Mrs. Frances C, 16 1880.
£. Cain St., Atlanta.
Allen, IraW., 1832 Michigan 1876.
Allj/n, Rohert, Normal School, 1884.
Cheney, AugyRtun J,, 149 Wa- 1884.
bash Ave., Chicago.
Eberhardt, J. F., Irving Park, 1876.
lielU W. A,y Indlknapolis.
Brown, Geo. P., Terre Haute.
Hobbs, B. C, Bloomingdale.
Irwin. J. S.. Ft. Wayne.
McRae, H. S., Marion.
Armstrong, Allen, Sioux City. 1884.
Crosby, W. E., Des Moines (?). 1864.
Gilchrist, J. C, Cedar Falls. 1884.
Pickard, J. L., Pres. Univer-
sity, Iowa City.
Campbell, A. G., Council 1886.
CarruthevH, Mrft. A. J., Salina. 1886.
Clark, Frank Howard, Beloit. 1886.
Coorer, N., Wilson. ia^6.
Fairchild, Edward T., Ells- 188($.
Jay, Walter M„ Wellington. 1886.
Klock, J. E., Emporia.
Larimer, Henry G., Topeka. 1883.
Limerick, A, 72., Winfleld. 1886.
MarlJonald, John, Topeka. 1886.
Mr Vicar, Rev, Peter, 1). jD.,
Richards, Zalmon^ Washington.
Wilson. J. Ormond. Washington.
Setzepfand, A., Dal ton (?).
Forbes, Alex., 369 Wabash Ave.,
Hayward, Emily A., Sprin^cfield.
Hewett, Edwin C, Normal.
Raab, Henry, State Supt., Spring-
Schmitz, J. Adolph, Elgin.
Smart, James H., La Fayette.
Stevens, M, C, La Fayette.
Thompson, L. S., La Fayette.
Taylor, Henry J., Sioux City.
♦ Wells, D. P.
Willis, Wm. A., Iowa City.
Meade, Prof, Richard C, Atchi-
Miller, Pren, J. H„ Holton.
Roop, C, Y., Holton.
Rose, Geo. E., Rosedale.
Satchill, Thos. Alex., Concordia.
Schvylvr, Dr. A., Salina.
Stanley, Prof. Edmund, Law-
Taylor, A. R., Emporia.
Tiilotson, D. C, Topeka.
Vail, Rt. Rev, Thos. //., D. D.,
Williams, Philo Jesse, Lawrer-"*^
LIFE MEMBERSUIPS, 35
18T7. Bartholomew, W. C\, Female 1877. Monsarrat, Mrs. L. L., Louis-
H. S., Louisville. ville.
1877. Kalfus, Anna F., 732 Second
1876. Newell, M. A., Normal School, 1876. Richmond, Sarah E., Baltimore
I«i2. Bicknell, Thos. W., Boston. 1886. Mowry, Wm, A., 3 Somerset St,
1864. Hagar, Daniel J3., Normal Boston.
School, Salem. 1865. 5//f/d')/i, W^^n. ^., 3 Somerset St.,
1876. Harris. VVm. T., Concord. Boston.
1870. Jones, D. W., Roxbnry, Boston. 1870. Tourjee, Eben, Boston.
1880. Marble, Albert P., Supt. 1870. Wilcox, M. C, Boston (?).
1870. Heywood, C. W., Scotts, Kala- 1866. Mayhew, Ira, 119 Griswold St.,
mazoo Co. Detroit.
1870. Phelps, Wm. F., St. Paul.
1880. Bibb-Sudborough, Grace C, 1870. ♦ R«ad, Daniel.
Omaha (?). 1876. Rollins, James S., State Unirer-
1886. Evans, Chas. H., 914 Olive St., sity, Columbia.
St. Louis. 1877. Soldan, F. Louis, Normal School,
18W. Pennell, C. S., 3692 Pine St., St. Louis.
1876. Beals, S. D., 2118 Davenport 1884. Jamen, Henry if., Supt. Schools,
St., Omaha. Omah»«
1884. Curry, Robert, Palmyra.
1876. Rounds, C. C, Normal School, Plymouth.
1880. Spring, E. A., Perth Amboy.
THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
1871. Anderson, John J., 343 Adel- 1882.
phi St., Brooklyn.
1864. Bradley, P., Lyons (?). 1879.
1879. Calkinx, N.A.,r24E. 80th St.,
New York. 1885.
1880. Coe, Miss E. M., Bible House,
New York. 1879.
1883. Corey, Lucien B., Hicksville,
Queens Co. 1882.
1864. Cruikshank, James, Oxford 1870.
St., Brooklyn. 1880.
1864. Danforth, Edward, Elmira. 1Sj<3.
1883. Day, Mrs. Albert, 240 Broad- 1882.
way. New York.
1870. Dorna, G. Videlia, New York 1884.
1873. ♦Haines, Mrs. H. B.
Hodgdon, Josephine E., High
Hoose, James B., Normal School,
Hunter, Thomas, Normal Col-
lege, New York.
Kraus, John, 7 E. 22d St., New
Morris. HattieN., Brooklyn.
Kickoff, Andrew J., Yonkers.
Kickoff, Mrs. K. D., Yonkers.
♦Steele, J. Dorman.
Stern, M., 27 E. 44th St., New
Van Akin, Mrs. G., 63 Park St.,
1881. Bingham, Robert Bingham School.
1870. Arey, Oliver. Cleveland. 188.3.
1884. Bennett, C. W., Supt. Schools, 1876.
1880. Bennett, Hampton, Franklin. 1879.
1880. Browiiy LeRoy 2>., Columbus* 1880.
1880. Burns, J. /., Supt. Schools, 1880.
1870. Cole, W. H., Marysville. 1880.
1883. Coy,miabW,y Hughes H.S., 1882.
186C. Curran, U. T., Sandusky.
1880. Davidson, C. C, Alliance. 1882.
1881. DeWolf, Daniel F., Columbus
1880. Dutton, Bettie A. , 94 State St. ,
1876. Hancock, John, Davton. 1870.
1865. Hartshorn, O. N., Mt. Union.
Harvey, Thomas W., Painesville.
♦ Henkle. W. D.
Holden, L. E., Cleveland.
McMillan, Reuben, Youngstown.
McMillan, Mrs. S., Youngstown.
Miller, Lewis, Akron.
♦Norris, J. A.
Peaslee, John B., Cincinnati.
Robert, J. A., Dayton.
Stevenson, i?. W., Supt. Schools,
Tappan, Eli T., Eenyon Col-
White, Emerson i?.. Walnut Hills,
Widner, Esther, Dayton.
Williams, Mrs, D, A, (Lathrop),
1876. Brooks, Edujard, 1416 Chestnut 1879.
St., Philadelphia. 1879.
1879. Foster, Rachel Gordon, Phila- 1880.
1879. GratB, Simon, Philadelphia. 1866.