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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

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Veterans

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Seventh Regiment,

NA TIONAL GUARD, S. N. Y.



'05



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INTRODUCTION.



In consequence of an extra official statement of several offi-
cers of the 1st and 2d Divisions, N. G. S. N. Y., which ap-
peared in the Press of the City of New York, and in printed
circulars, on February 19, 1884, and which was calculated to
very much misrepresent the character .objects, and statutory
rights and privileges of the Veterans of the*Seventh Regiment,
N. G. S. N. Y., as a chartered independent military or-
ganization in the reserve militia of the State; the facts con-
tained in the following pages are. by direction of the

VETERANS OF THE SEVENTH REGIMENT
NATIONAL GUARD S. N. Y..
published for the information of all concerned.

L. W. WINCHESTER, Colonel and Chairman,

CHAS. ROOME,

WILLIAM A. DARLING,

JACKSON S. SCHULTZ,

WILLIAM A. POND,

WILLIAM H. MONTANYE,

HENRY H. HOLLY,

Committee.

New Yokk, April 2, 1S84.



OFFICERS

OF THE VETERANS OF THE SEVENTH REGIMENT,

NATIONAL GUARD S. N. Y.

April i860 to April 1861.

Colonel John M. Catlin *
Lieutenant-Colonel Morgan L. Smith.
Major James B. Wilson.
Adjutant Asher Taylor.
Quartermaster E. T. Backhouse.
Paymaster Thomas M. Adriance.
Commissary Aaron Kemp.
Chaplain, Rev. Samuel D. Denison.
Captain Wright F. Conger.
Captain Joseph M. Cooper.
Captain J. L. Everitt.
Captain Wm. H. Curtis.
Captain Edward A. Lambert.
Captain Cyrus H. Loutrel.
Captain Henry Meigs, Jr.
Captain David T. Valentine.
Lieutenant Jackson S. Schultz.
Lieutenant Washington Durbrow.
Lieutenant John Armstrong.
Lieutenant John M. Davis.
Lieutenant Lewis H. Watts.
Lieutenant Linus W. Stevens.
Lieutenant Theodore W. Todd.
Lieutenant George G. Waters.



Linus W. Stevens succeeded Col. John M. Catlin as Colonel of the Veterans, April, 1861.



OFFICERS

OF THE VETERANS OF THE SEVENTH REGIMENT,
NATIONAL GUARD S. N. Y.

April 1883 to April 1884.

Colonel LOCKE W. WINCHESTER.
Lieut.-Colonel CHARLES B. BOSTWICK.
Major JOHN H. KEMP.
Adjutant HENRY L. FREELAND.
Surgeon T. M. CHEESMAN, M.D.
Asst. Surgeon J. C. BARRON, M.D.
Oiarterhaster HENRY H. HOLLY.
Paymaster EDWARD A. KINGSLAND.
Commissary EDWARD KEMP.
Chaplain Rev. J. TUTTLE SMITH, D.D.

Captains. Lieutenants.

HENRY I. H AYDEN JOHN T. BAKER .

JOHN C. GIFFING RICHARD L. SALISBURY.

JOHN W. MURRAY HENRY W. T. MALI.

WILLIAM H. RIBLET LORENZO G. WOODHOUSE.

WILLIAM A. SPEAIGHT CHARLES L. FLEMING.

EDWARD O. BIRD FREDERICK A. GOODWIN.

LYMAN TIFFANY WILLIAM MO ORES.

HENRY C. SHUMWAY JOHN W. SPICER

EDWARD G. ARTHUR W. GAYER DOMINICK.

JAMES RAY DAVID CROCKER.



EXTRACTS FROM CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS.

AN ACT to Incorporate the Veterans of the National Guard,
Seventh Regiment, First Division, New York State Militia.

Passed March 11, 1861.



The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and
Assembly, do enact as follows :

Section 1. — Linus AY. Stevens, Morgan L. Smith, John M. Catlin,
Washington R. Yermilye, Andrew A. Bremner, Abrani Duryee,
Marshall Lefferts, Philetus H. Holt, Charles Roome, Henry Meigs,
Jr.. Cyrus H. Loutrel, John H. Brower, Asher Taylor, Thomas M.
Adriance, David T. Valentine, Edward A. Lambert, James B. Wil-
son, Samuel D. Denison, Theodore W. Todd, William Everdell, and
such other persons as now are associated as the Veterans of the
National Guard, or may hereafter become associated with them, are
hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of "The Veterans
of the National Guard."

Sec. 2. — The objects of said corporation are to afford pecuniary rebel"
to indigent or reduced members, and their widows and children ; to
promote social union and fellowship, and preserve and continue the
recollections of service in the National Guard.

Sec. 3. — The said corporation shall have power to make and adopt
a Constitution and By-Laws, Rules and Regulations, Tor the admis-
sion of members, and their government, the election of officers and
their duties, the suspending or expelling of members, and for the
safe-keeping of its property and funds, and from time to time to alter
or repeal Buch Constitution, By-Laws, Rules, and Regulations. The

present officers shall hold their respective ollices until others are
chosen in their places.

"• # # #

Sec. <>. — This acl shall take effect immediately.



CHAPTER 314.

AN ACT to amend Chapter Forty-one of the Laws of eighteen hun-
dred and sixty-one, entitled " An Act to Incorporate the
Veterans of the National Guard, Seventh Regiment, First
Division, New York State Militia.''

Passed May 23, 1878.

The People of the State of New York, represented in Semite and
As*cntb///, do enact as follows :

Section, 1. Section 1 of Chapter forty-one of the laws of eighteen
hundred and sixty-one, entitled " An Act to Incorporate the Veterans
of the National Guard, Seventh Regiment, First Division, New
York State Militia," is hereby amended to read as follows:

Sec. 1. Linus W. Stephens, Morgan L. Smith, John M. Catlin,
Washington R. Vermilye, and such other persons as now are associ-
ated as the Veterans of the National Guard, or may hereafter become
associated with them, are hereby constituted a body corporate by the
name of "The Veterans of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y."

Sec. 2. This act shall take effect immediately.



THE BENEVOLENT FUND OF THE VETERANS OF
THE SEVENTH REGIMENT, N. G. S. N. Y.

CHAPTER 89.

AN ACT to amend Chapter Forty-one of the Laws of eighteen
hundred and sixty-one, entitled, " An Act to Incorporate the
Veterans of the National Guard, Seventh Regiment, First
' Division, New York State Militia."

Passed April gth, 1882, three-fourths being present.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and
Assembly, do enact as follows :

Section 1. — Section Four of Chapter Forty-one of the Laws of
eighteen hundred and sixty-one, entitled, " An Act to Incorporate



6

the Veterans of the National Guard, Seventh Regiment, First
Division, New York State Militia," is hereby amended to read as
follows :

Si-ctioii 4. — The said Corporation may purchase and hold real
or personal estate, and is authorized to accumulate a fund for the
pecuniary relief of indigent and reduced members, and of their
widows and children, to be called the " Benevolent Fund of the
Veterans of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y," and said Fund
shall be administered by Officers of said Association, who shall be
the Colonel, Paymaster, and Chaplain of said Association, as Trust-
ees. The said Fund shall be invested in the manner required by
law for the investment of trust funds, and no more than its income
shall be used or disbursed in any one year. Additions to the
said Fund may be made by appropriations from the said Associa-
tion, by donation, and by legacies and devises to the said Associa-
tion, which it is hereby authorized to receive and apply in the man-
ner aforesaid.

This Act shall take effect immediately.



EXTRACTS FROM THE CONSTITUTION.



ARTICLE I.

OFFICEES.

The officers of the Association shall be a Colonel. Lieut. -Colonel,
Major, Adjutant, Quartermaster, Paymaster, Chaplain, Commissary,
Surgeon, ten Captains and ten Lieutenants, who shall constitute a
Board of Management, and who shall conduct the affairs of the
Association.

The said Colonel, Lieut. -( 'olonel, Major. Adjutant and Paymaster
shall respectively be ex-officio President, first and second Vice-Presi-
dents, Secretary and Treasurer.

All officers shall hold office for two years.



ARTICLE IV.

Section 1. Any person who shall have received an honorable dis-
charge, or become entitled thereto, from the former Twenty-seventh,
present Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y., having served therein
the full term required by law at the date of his enlistment (seven
years under the old law, or five years under the present law), or who,
1 icing a member of the Seventh Regiment, N. Gr. S. N. Y., may have
entered the Army or Navy of the United States during the War of
the Rebellion, and been honorably discharged from such service, or
who may remain in the Army or Navy of the United States, shall be
eligible to membership in this Association.

ARTICLE V.

UNIFORMED BATTALION.

The Uniformed Battalion, as organized by this Association, shall
consist of such members as shall have uniformed and subscribed to
its bv-laws.



8

Statement Referred to in the Introduction which

appeared in the press, and in circulars,

on February 19th, 1884.



A STATEMENT OF THE
Reasons why regiments of the National Guard S. N. Y. should not
allow their names and numerical designations to be used by any uni-
formed battalions, organizations or associations.

I. — The practical result of the existence of uniformed
organizations bearing the names and numerical designations of
regiments of the National Guard has been to induce young men,
who would otherwise continue to perform active military duty
in the National Guard, to take their discharge from the service
of the State to join the uniformed veteran battalions. For this
reason the extraordinary efforts to make such uniformed battalions
attractive by expensive and showy uniforms, by parades and ex-
cursions, and by other festivities, is a positive detriment to the
National Guard, and the existence of such uniformed veteran
battalions has become a standing menace to the strength and
welfare of the regiments whose names they have assumed.

II. — The names and numerical designations of the National
Guard regiments have been assumed and used by the uniformed
veteran battalions without the authority of the regiments or of
their officers, and have of late been carried upon parades and ex-
cursions and to balls and dinners, in this and other States. Those
who are charged by law with the maintenance of the good name
of any regiment should not be held responsible for the conduct of
those over whom they have no control ; but so long as any uni-
formed battalion bears the name of a National Guard regiment,
such regiment will be held responsible by the public for any want
of discipline in such unformed battalion, and for the unsoldierly
and ungentlemanly conduct of any of its members while in uni-
form. Would any business man allow his name or the name of
his firm, or would any corporation allow its name to be used by
persons, however respectable, who are not responsible to or sub-
ject to the orders of such firm or corporation ? And yet the
National Guard regiments have quietly submitted to the assump-
tion and use of their names and numbers by those who were once



9

members of these regiments, but who are no longer held to any
duty therein, and are not responsible for their present character
and welfare.

III. — An important objection to the use of the names and
numerical designations of the National Guard regiments by the
uniformed veteran battalions, is the fact that such organizations
assume and use in an official manner, and upon parades and
public occasions, the military insignia, and the military titles
which belong only to officers who hold or have held commissions
in the regular or volunteer service of the United States, or in the
National Guard and militia of the several States. It is fair to
presume that military titles are of some value to those who have
won them on the battle-field, or by long and faithful service in
the regular army or the National Guard ; but in these uniformed
veteran battalions military titles are thoughtlessly assumed, and
are officially and publicly used by persons who have never held
commissions that entitled them to such titles, rank and distinc-
tion. It is noticeable that in organizations of the veterans of the
late war this abuse does not exist, and military titles, gallantly
earned, are duly respected, and they are not assumed by those
who have never legally held them. When the attention of
honorable men is called to the fact that, by assuming and using
military titles to which they have no right, a great injustice is
done to those who have held or now hold military commissions,
it can hardly be supposed that the practice will be continued.

IV. — The unauthorized wearing of military uniforms by organ-
izations not a part of the United States Army or of the National
Guard, and not vecerans of the late war, depreciates the character
and reputation of all military service and is an affront to all,
whether officers or privates, who are held by law to the military
service of the State or the Nation. Men of mature years who
leave their business to parade the public streets with music and
•banners, and decked out with sword, chapeau and feathers, or
who consent to appear in public in other than the ordinary attire
of the citizen and the gentleman, should surely have some sub-
stantial reason or some manly and noble object to justify them in
so doing and to secure themselves from public ridicule. Such an
object is apparent in the parades of the National Guard and of
the veterans of former wars, and is claimed to exist in the parades



1(1

of some benevolent, Masonic, and other societies. Even boys at
school wear military uniforms without objection, because it con-
tributes to their discipline and physical improvement. But what
reason, excuse or apology can there be for the parade or public
appearance in ostentatious military uniform of the ex-members of
a militia organization who are legally exempt from military duty,
who are not organized for the defense of the city, the State, or the
country, and who have no well-recognized and generally approved
object for semi-military parade or fantastic display.

V. — The uniformed " veteran " battalions should not be allowed
to use the names and numerical designations of National Guard
regiments, because the assumption of the name of " veteran " by
the very young men who publicly appear in the uniform of such
battalions is discourteous to the gallant veterans of the last war, as
well as to those who by long and distinguised service in the
National Guard and by mature years, may be fairly entitled to
that designation. To be eligible to wear the regalia of these
uniformed "veteran" battalions, it is only necessary to perform
five years of indifferent service in the militia of the State, and at
the age of twenty-three years young men may, and sometimes do,
lay aside the modest uniform of the private soldier in the National
Guard in exchange for the chapeau and sword and uniform of a
general officer, and parade in public as "veterans." It is clearly
the duty of the National Guard regiments to protect the
" veterans " of the war, as well as the real "veterans" of the
National Guard, from the ridicule which this abuse brings upon
that distinguished and honorable title.

Associations of the exempt and veteran members of the National
Guard regiments for benevolent and social purposes, and to
cherish and preserve pleasant memories of the service, are uni-
versally approved, and have the hearty sympathy and support of
every officer and member serving in the National Guard ; and
every man who has faithfully served his term of enlistment should
be proud to be a member of such an association. It is only the
uniformed battalions, composed of exempt members of the
National Guard, that are no credit but a positive detriment to the
regiments whose names and numerical designations they, without
authority, assume and use.



11

The undersigned, commandants of regiments of the National
Guard S. N. Y., approve of the above statement, and recommend
that the use of the names and numerical designations of regiments
by uniformed battalions, organizations or associations be prohibited.

(Signed)

Emmons Clark, Colonel Seventh Regiment.
George D. Scott, Colonel Eighth Regiment.
Wm. Seward, Jr., Colonel Ninth Regiment.
Frederick Unbekant, Colonel Eleventh Regiment.
James H. Jones, Colonel Twelfth Regiment.
James McLeer, Colonel Fourteenth Regiment.
Josiah Porter, Colonel Twenty-second Regiment.
Rodney C. Ward, Colonel Twenty-third Regiment.
Louis Finkelmeier, Colonel Thirty-second Regiment.
Truman V. Tuttle, Colonel Forty-seventh Regiment.
James Cavanagh, Colonel Sixty-ninth Regiment.
Richard Vose, Colonel Seventy-first Regiment.

The undersigned. General officers of the National Guard
S. N. Y., approve of the above recommendation of commandants
of regiments.

(Signed)

Alexander Shaler, Major-General Commanding First

Division.
W. G. Ward. Brigadier-General Commanding First

Brigade.
Louis Fitzgerald, Brigadier-General Commanding Second

Brigade.
C. T. Christensen, Brigadier-General Third Brigade,

Commanding Second Division.
William H. Brownell, Brigadier-General Commanding

Fourth Brigade.
Dated New York and Brooklyn, February, 1884.



12

NEW York, March 3, 1884.

Major-General Alexander Shaler,

New York :
General —

I have concluded, after mature consideration, to withdraw
my signature from the statement puhlished some days since,
affecting the uniformed battalions of the National Guard. In
the hasty perusal of the paper when presented to me for sig-
nature I failed to properly weigh the harsh expressions, un-
just aspersions, and unmerited rebuke contained therein. I
feel that by my action I have inflicted deep wounds upon those
I consider it an honor to call friends, and this being repug-
nant to my soldierly instincts, leads me to ask that my signa-
ture be stricken from the paper in question. I have the honor
to be, very respectfully,

William Seward Jr.,

Colonel Ninth Regiment, N. G. 8. N. Y.

Headquarters Twenty-third Regiment, \
March 8, 1884, ]

Sir: In reply to the resolutions adopted by your association
February 21, relative to my action in signing a circular depre-
cating the wearing of uniforms by exempt members of the
National Guard and the assumption of military titles and in-
signia of rank by the officers of the Uniformed Veteran Bat-
talion, such officers not being commissioned by the State. I
have to reply, that, while conceding that courtesy would
seem to demand that the responsible heads of the Uniformed
Veteran Battalion should have been notified of the contem-
plated action of the signers of the document in question pre-
vious to its being given to the public through the medium of
the press, I feel that I cannot consistently or honorably with-
draw ni\ signature therefrom or recede from the position
taken hy inc.

A careful consideration of the document convinces me upon
reflection that it contains statements which do not apply to
the Veteran Battalion of the Twenty-third Regiment, unwar-
rantable expressions, that I should insist upon having ex-
punged before signature, were the matter again to be submit-
ted tome. M\ action was entirely free from any personal
feeling and purely of an official character as the commanding
officer of the Twenty-third Regiment. Respectfully,



To Fredrick II. Rand, Secretary.



Rodney C. AV \i;i>.



13



New York, February 20, 1884.

At a meeting of the Board of Management of the Veterans of the
Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y., held this day, the following was
unanimously adopted :

Whereas, the Constitution of the Veterans of the Seventh Regi-
ment. N. G. S. N. Y., provides in Article 5 for a Uniformed Battalion
within its membership, and whereas the propriety of the adoption of
said Article has been assailed, as being detrimental to the welfare of
the National Guard, in a printed circular, with the name of Col.
Emmons Clark, Commanding the Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y.,
as its leading signer.

Therefore, be it resolved that a Committee be appointed to inves-
tigate the matter, and report at a meeting of the Association, at as

early a day as practicable.

H. L. Freeland,
Adjutant and Ex-qfficio Secretary.

colonel Winchester's reply to the statement.

Headquarters Veterans of the Seventh Regt., }

National Guard S. N.Y., >

New York, February 23, 1884. )

In order to prevent misunderstanding and misapprehension on
the part of the public, and the members of the Veteran Association,
which I have the honor to command, in regard to the circular issued
by some of the Colonels and Generals of the First and Second Divis-
ion, relating to Uniformed Battalions, which has been so suddenly
sprung upon us, I desire to say that we cannot but express our
astonishment and amazement that Col. Emmons Clark, com-
manding the Seventh Regiment, N. G. S. N. Y., should have
signed such a circular. I have never, since my election to the Com-
mand of the Veteran Association and the Uniformed Battalion,
received one word, officially, from Col. Clark or from any officer of
the Seventh Regiment, that the Uniformed Battalion was a detri-
ment to the Regiment. Had any formal notice been sent to me or
any other officer of the Battalion, requesting an interview, one cer-



14

tainly would have been accorded, and we believe that any misun-
derstanding would unquestionably have been adjusted. What seems
strange to us is this : that Col. Clark, living as it were under the
same roof, and in daily intercourse with us, and always apparently
of the pleasantest nature, should not have in some manner suggested
to us that such a circular was being prepared, and was about to be
issued. It seems to us unkind, ungenerous, and unmanly ; it is an
apparent insult, and intended to degrade the officers and members
of the Uniformed Battalion, as well as the members of the whole
Association. Joined together as we are for one sole object, to aid
and benefit the Seventh Regiment in every way possible, and con-
scientiously believing that we were aiding and benefiting the Regi-
ment by our acts, we feel that no more unfair way of attacking us
could possibly be found. Among those who are uniformed will be
found the oldest and most distinguished and esteemed ex-members of
the Seventh Regiment, many of whom held office for a life-time, and
devoted a life service to the benefit and discipline of the Regiment,
" before many of the present officers were born," and many of them
distinguished themselves during the War of the Rebellion. Their
sons, their grandsons, and other relatives are serving in the Regi-
ment to-day.

There is not one among us who would ever have put on the uni-
form that has been so fiercely characterized by the circular, had we
for one moment imagined that we were not doing the Regiment a
service.

A committee has been appointed to investigate the whole matter,
and we ask the public to suspend judgment in this case until a report
is made, which will be done at an early date.

The great injury intended is weakened by the vulgar and ungentle-
manly expressions contained in the circular.

Very respectfully,

L. W. Winchester,
Colonel Commanding.



15

COLONEL EMMONS CLARK'S REPLY TO COLONEL WINCHESTER.

Headquarters Seuenth Regiment, N. Y. S. N. G., )
New York, February 26, 1884. J

If ex-Quartermaster L. W. Winchester, who is President of the
Veteran Association of this Regiment and nominally Colonel there-
of, had attempted, in his circular dated February 23, to answer any
part of the statement recently published and signed by all the Gen-
erals and Colonels of the National Guard in New York and Brook-
lyn, it is probable that some of those officers who he accuses of
u vulgar and ungentlemanly expressions" might have thought proper
to reply. But the Ann// and Navy Journal, the highest authority
in the United States on Army and National Guard affairs, in its
issue of February 23, answers them as follows:

" The man who wears a uniform or assumes a title to which he
" has no legal claim is possessing himself, so far as in his power, of
" property to which he has no right. The National Guard of New
" York have been especial sufferers from this form of dishonest
'• appropriation, until their patience has finally become exhausted.
" and some of them have united in a vigorous protest against the
" nuisance."

Instead of defending the assumption and use of military titles by
men who have never fairly earned them in any military service, and
the wearing of military uniforms by men who are not in the military
service of the State or the Nation and who are not veterans of the
late war, the circular referred to is evidently intended to divert pub-
lic attention by a tirade of personal abuse of the Colonel of the
Seventh Regiment. The undersigned cannot be drawn into any
personal controversy on a subject which concerns only the welfare
of the National Guard ; nor can he be induced to assume an attitude
personally hostile to any part of the exempt and veteran members of


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