National Museum of Ireland.

Guide to the collection of Irish antiquities. (Royal Irish Academy collection). Anglo Irish coins online

. (page 1 of 6)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF SCIENCE
AND ART, DUBLIN.



GUIDE TO THE COLLECTION OF
IRISH ANTIQUITIES.

(ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY COLLECTION).



ANGLO IRISH COINS.

BY

G COFFEY, B.A.X., M.R.I.A.




" dtm; i, in :
printed for his majesty's stationery office

By CAHILL & CO., LTD., 40 Lower Ormond Quay.



1911
Price One Shilling.



I



\



cj
35X5*.

CATALOGUE

OF

IRISH COINS

In the Collection of the Royal Irish Academy.
(National Museum, Dublin.)



PART II.



£



ANGLO-IRISH.

JOHN DE CURCY.— Farthings struck by John De Curcy
(Earl of Ulster, 1181) at Downpatrick and Carrickfergus.
(See Dr. A. Smith's paper in the Numismatic Chronicle, N.S.,
Vol. III., p. 149).





DOWNPATRICK MINT.


OBVERSE.


REVERSE.


1. ^PATRICII.


►^D'DUNO.


In centre


, a cross sup-


In centre, a cross without


ported on a


staff, with boss,


staff, a


crescent in each


which extends to the mar-


quarter.


Smith No. 1.


gin of coin


between letters






T and R.








2. Do.


But staff of
cross divides
R and I.


Do.


(broken).


3.


Staff of cross


;>


But, DE DUNO.




divides T and




Smith No. 2.




R.






4.
5.
6.


(Duplicate).


))




5)
5J


3>




7.


JJ


55




8.


J>


55


(a Piece broken
off).




219026







OBVERSE.


REVERSE.


9.


Do.


Staff of cross
between R and
I.


Do.


DE DUNO.

Smith No. 3


10.


Do.


(Duplicate).


55




11.


55


55


55




12.


! J


55


55




13.


55


55


55




14.


55


55


55




15.


55


55


55




16.


55


55


55




17.


55


55


55




18.


55


55


55




19.


55


55


55




20.


55


55


Incuse-


-shows only obvers*



of this type.



CARRICKFERGUS MINT.



1. ^PATRICII.

Cross with staff as before,
but without boss : staff
between T and R.

2. Do.



10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
10.



^CRAGFEVF.

In inner circle, a cross
potent voided. Smith No. 4.

Do. A dot at end of

legend. Smith No. 5.



3.


55


(Duplicate).


55


4.


55


55


55


5.


55


55


55


(5.


55


55


55


7.


55


A dot before
P.


,, Smith No. 6.


8.


55


(Duplicate.)


55


9.


55


But a boss to
staff.


►^CRAGF.

A mark of abbreviation at-
tached to final letter. Smith

No. 7.



(Duplicate).



(Duplicate).



(Duplicate).



Do.



Smith No. 8.



Smith No. 9.



OBVERSE.



17.



18.
19.
20.
21.



Staff between
R and I.



(Duplicate).



(Duplicate).



REVERSE.

►JiCRAGF, with mark of
abbreviation. In inner circle
a double cross pommee,
with pellet in centre. Smith
No. 10.
Do.

Smith No. 11.
Smith No. 12.



Type with name Goan D'Qurci on reverse.

Obverse — PATRIC or PATRICII, a small cross before and at

end of word. In inner circle a cross without staff.

Reverse — GOAN D QVRCI. In inner circle a short double
cross. (Legend collected from several coins).



1. ^PIT ....

(Irish or Saxon T.)

2. ^PATRIC . . „

3. ^PATRIGV^

4. ^PA . . IOJ<

5. Duplicate (?) of S. No.

6. ,, (broken).

7. Similar in type of ob-

verse. Legend unin-
telligible.



. . GOANDQU . . .

Smith No. 13.
►J


(worn). 21


13. ,, No pellets on


■>■>


20i


breast.






14. ,, No mark of con-


5>


19


traction to DNS and reads






IYB.






15. ,, Duplicate of


J)


(worn). 18|


No. 5.






16. ,, Three pellets on


:>


retrograde 2l|


breast.




(worn).


17. ,, but a small


,, but with Saxon 22J


cross before legend, and




N.


the E is of the Roman






type. Three pellets on






breast.






18.


;?


221


19.


;>


2U


20. ,, but pellet instead


5J


21


of cross before legend, and






E of usual character.






Three pellets on breast.






21. Do.




20



Large Head — Rude and blundered types (latter probably

forgeries of the time).
22. Do. Legend as usual. CIVITAS DVBLINIE. 20
Three pellets on breast.
The W is larger and ruder
on these coins, and is
characteristic of the type.
Head large and nearly
filling triangle.



16



Weight



OBVERSE.


REVERSE.


in
grains.


23. EDW.R . ANGL'


j)


21


DX . N . S VID .






24. EDW R. ANGL'


55


m


DNSHYB. Rude.






Large head nearly filling






triangle, two pellets on

breast (? three).

25. Do. Rude.


Do. B and L retrograde.


181


26. Do. but AEGL' Rude


CIVITAS DVGLINIE.


15


Three pellets on breast.
27. Do. very rude.
Legend begins on right


5)


22£


side, but blundered.






(pierced).

28. Do. but ANG.


blundered.


23f


Three pellets on breast.
29. Legend blundered.


j>


14


Three pellets on breast.


Base — forgery of the time.




ENLISH TYPE.






30. ^EDW : R'ANGL' :


CIVITAS DVBLIN.




DNS HIB.


Cross and pellets.


231


Head in circle as on






English coins.






31. Do. Legend blund-
ered.

32. ^EDW R ANGL


Do. OIVITAS (alternated)
DVBL (Retrograde) INIE.
CIVTAS DUBLINIE.


241
16


DNS HYB.






33. Do.


Do. Saxon N.


13


34. ^EDW R ANG . . .
IVI . . . B


„ Roman N.


161


HALF-PENNIES.






1. Type and legend as


CIVITAS DVBLINIE.


101


penny No. 1.
2. Do.





n


3. ,, one pellet on breast

4. ,, Roman E.


>>

55


m


5. „

6- „

7- „


5)

55

,, Saxon N.


v 2
91

91
y 2



17





OBVERSE.




FARTHINGS.


1.


E E ANGLIE.


Same type.

2-

3.

4.



5. [E D W] ARDUS R . .
Probably Edward III. (A
fragment).



REVERSE.



CIVITAS DVBLINIE.



Weight

in
grains.



5|



43

H



WATERFORD MINT.



PENNIES.



1. Legend and type same
as Dublin Mint. Small
trefoil after DNS. Three
pellets on breast.

2. Do. No trefoil after
DNS.

3. „ (Duplicate).

4. „ „ Head

unusually good.

5. „

6. „ rose on breast.
Lettering somewhat un-
usual.



CIVITAS WATERFOR'



22f



221



22
21



CIVITAS VATERFOR' 22



HALF-PENNIES.

7. Legend and type as

pennies. No pellet on

breast.

8.

9.

10.

11.

FARTHINGS.

12. Legend and type as

Dublin Mint.

13.

14.



CIVITAS WATERFOR. 10J



10



VATERFOR. 10J

10"
10|



CIVITAS VATERFOR.



4|



18



Weight



OBVERSE.


REVERSE.


in
grains.


CORK MINT.




PENNIES.






1. Legend and type as
Dublin Mint. A pellet in
each angle. No pellet on

2.


CIVITAS CORCACIE.

breast.

5}


21*

22


HALF-PENNIES.






3. Legend and type as


5J


11*


penny.

4.

5. Do. no pellets in angles


55

55


12
11



FOREIGN STERLINGS.

(called crockards and pol-
lards).

(Henry II. Archb. of
Cologne, 1304.— 32 : Bonn

Mint.)

1. HENR EPISCO

A Bishop's head with
mitre in a triangle : three
pellets in right and left
angles, one pellet under
bust.

(John IV., Bishop of Liege,
1282-92).

2. IOHANNES EPC.

A mark of contradiction
over Epc. a small cross
before I and after S and C.
In the centre a large
shield bearing a lion
rampant with sword.

RICHARD II
HENRY IV.
HENRY V.



BUDENS MONETA. 15

A cross ; a star of six

points, pierced, in each

quarter.

See " Mitre " Simon, 1749,

p. 15.



LEODIENSIS.

Two small crosses before
L. A cross, I . H . . Y .
in quarters. See " Lion-
ine," Simon, p. 15.



. 1377-1399.
1399-1413.
1413-1422.



181



No Irish coins are assigned to these reigns.



19



OBVERSE.



REVERSE.



Weight



grains.



HENRY VI.



HALF FARTHINGS.
called PATRICKS (1460).

1 . An open crown in circle
of pellets, outside which is
the word PATRIK ; an
annulet after the K. PA
is separated from TRIK
by a branch, and a
similar branch separates
the end of the word from
the beginning.
2.



A plain cross. Smith. 11
Coins of Edward IV., PL
1, No. 12.



3. ,, Retrograde.


10i


4. ,, closed crown.


„ P in one quarter of 9|




cross. Smith PI. 1, No. 13.


5. (Duplicate).


9 1
4


6. ,, Open crown but


,, but without P. Smith 7


different. Legend also


PI. 1, No. 13.


different, but defaced.




7. ,, Retrograde a


,, cross of type of 11 J


small cross after K.


farthings of Edward IV.,




1462 coinage.


8. ,, annulet after K.


)j ; ? "


9. „*


6



These coins were attributed to Edward IV. by Dr. Smith
in his paper published in the Transactions Royal Irish
Academy, Vol. XIX. But the discovery of a half-farthing
of the type of the farthings of Edward IV., coinage of 1462,
induced him to change the classification of the above pieces,
and give them to Henry VI. See Olla Podrida Vol. II. p. 126.
The question is not quite cleared up, and I think it is probable
that some of these half-farthings belong to Edward IV.
There appears, however, to be no certain way of distinguish-
ing the coins, if any, of the latter reign. The cross on reverse
of Nos. 7, 8, and 9, is of the same type as that on the far-
things of 1462, but does not constitute a sufficient difference
to decide the point. I have therefore thought it best to
keep these pieces together for purposes of comparison, rather
than attempt to classify them under the two reigns.



20



EDWARD IV. 1460-1483.
Classified according to Dr. A. Smith's paper in the Transac-
tions Royal Irish Academy, Vol. XIX. Where reference is
made to Smith's plates the coins figured are from specimens
in this collection. In some cases the weights given by Smith do
not appear to be quite correct.



OBVERSE.

FIRST COINAGE. 1461.

GROATS.

1. A crown within a
double tressure of nine
arches, three pellets at
each point of tressure.



REVERSE.



Weight
in

grains.



CIVITAS DVBLINIE.

Legend divided by small
crosses. A cross extend-
ing to circumference of
coin, three pellets in each
quarter, those in first and
third connected by annu-
lets. Smith PI. I. No. 1



44i



2.




(Duplicate).




41|


3.


As No. 1


'


,, Annulets in 2nd
and 4th quarters, a single
cross after Dublinie.


461


4.


)5




,, No cross after
Civitas and Dublinie.


431


5.


5)




As No. 1, but annulets in
2nd and 4th quarters.
(Cracked.)


34|


6.


,, but


arches of tres-
sure very flat.


As No. 1.


45



8. As No. 1, but tressure
of ten arches.

SECOND TYPE.

9. Same as previous type
but has three small crosses
above the crown in the
angles outside the tressure



,, Crosses after S only, 31f
no annulets in quarters.
Clipped.

Legend blundered. Smith 28
PI. 1, No. 9, probably
forgery.



CIVITAS DVBLINIE.

Legend divided by small
crosses. Annulet in 1st
and 3rd quarters. Smith
PI. 1, No. .



44|



21



Weight





OBVERSE.


REVERSE. in

grains.


10.

11.


(Duplicate).

55


37f

Annulets in 2nd and 4th 41 J


12.


55


quarters.

„ one cross after E. 43|


13.

14.


(Duplicate pierced).


55

„ no crosses after E. 41
No annulets in quarters.



PENNIES.

1. Same type as groat
No. 1.



2. „ Three crosses

above tressure.

3. „ from same die

as No. 2.

4. ,, but tressure of
eight arches only, and
form of crown differs
somewhat. Possibly a
penny of 1642.

5. „ But without
tressure not similar to any
known groat.



COINAGE 1462.

FAETHINGS (Copper
mixed with Silver).

1. A large crown. Suns
and Koses, alternately, in
place of legend.



CIVITAS DVBLINIE.

Cross and pellets. Annu- 9
lets, in 1st and 3rd quar-
ters. Smith PI. 1, No. 2.

,, No annulets in 12
quarters. Smith PI. 1,
No. 4.

,, Annulet in 1st and 8
3rd quarters.

,, Annulet in 2nd and 11
4th quarters. Smith PI. 1,
No. 6.



CIVITAS DVBLIN, as on 10
No. 6. Annulet in 1st
and 3rd quarters, Smith
PI. 1, No. 8.

CIVITAS DUBLIN, 9

Legend divided by crosses.
A fourth pellet instead of
annulet in 1st and 3rd
quarters.



CIVITAS DVBLINIE.
A sun between S and D.
In centre a large cross.
Olla Podrida Vol. II. PI.
25 No. 1.



101



22



OBVEKSE.



REVERSE.



Weiglit



grains



2.



Do.



Do. A Rose between E
and C, probably sun be-
tween S and D. (Much
corroded).
Both these coins are copper only.
3. Same type. Portions of rudely formed letters in
legend space : appears to be a spurious imitation of
No. 1. Olla Podrida Vol. II., PI. 25, No. 3. Copper
appears to have been plated with silver.
GROATS.



4. Crown in Double tres-
sure of eight arches. A,
small sun in each angle
outside arches of tressure.



D.



from same die.



6. „ but trefoils at
points of tressure instead
of pellets.



7.

tressure

foils.



at two points of
pellets, rest tre-

As No. 6.


1 3 4 5 6