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From the collection of the

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1574 — Pointers on Producing the School Play $2.95

by Helen Louise Miller. To help teachers and drama directors
produce a school play or program which will be successful for
both the actors and their audiences. Glossary. 112 pp.

1588 — The Red Book of Singing Games and

Dances from America $1.75*

compiled by Janet E. Tobitt. From the United States, Canada,
Latin and South America. Intermediate grades and up. Includes
simple piano accompaniments and easy dance instructions. 48 pp.

1702 — Producing a Musical Show with Amateur Talent .... $3.60
by Miriam F. Brunner. Information on all phases of organizing
and producing an amateur musical. Job breakdown, audition-
ing and casting, purchasing and budgeting, rehearsals. Pub-
licity suggestions. Ilustrated with charts. 128 pp.

1590 — The Yellow Book of Singing Games from

Around The World $1.75*

compiled by Janet E. Tobitt. From Great Britain, Europe, and
Asia. Suitable for intermediate grades and up. Includes simple
piano accompaniments and easy dance directions. 48 pp.

1553 — The Nature Program at Camp —

A Book for Camp Counselors $3.50 (spiral)

by Janet Nickelsburg. Describes various types of nature pro-
grams at different kinds of camps, including day camps, child
care centers, and camps for handicapped children. Bibliography.
Illustrated. 137 pp.

1537 — ^FuN with Shapes in Space $5.95

by Toni Hughes. Step-by-step instruction for making three-
dimensional "things" for home, school, and community recrea-
tion. Includes techniques of string construction in addition to
other skills and materials. Illustrated. 225 pp.

1491— Creative Nature Crafts $2.50

by Robert 0. Bale. Directions for projects made out of materials
from nature such as rocks, horn, bones, bark, etc. Includes dried
flowers, nature jewelry and prints, straw crafts and many more.
Bibliography. Illustrated. Spiralbound, Paper. 120 pp.

1525— Art from Scrap $3.95

by Carl Reed and Joseph Orze. Sculpture, graphics, mosaics,
puppets, masks, collages, jewelry, crafts. Projects for all ages.
Includes formulas and mixtures, list of scrap materials. Pro-
fusely illustrated. Spiralbound. 89 pp.

1518 — Play for Convalescent Children

IN Hospitals and At Home $4.50

by Anne Marie Smith. Revised edition. Numerous suggestions
for games, crafts, etc. For all those concerned with child de-
velopment — teachers, play leaders, hospital personnel, social
workers. Bibliography.

1594 — The Driftwood Book $5.95

by Mary E. Thompson. Explains how to collect good driftwood
materials, techniques of mounting and preserving materials, and
how to create unusual floral arrangements with driftwood as
the focal point or theme. Many illustrations. 200 pp.

1598 — Newgold's Guide to Modern Hobbies,

Arts and Crafts $4.50

by Bill Newgold. Describes more than eighty popular hobbies
and gives sources for further information on each hobby or
craft. Includes a bibliography of related books and periodicals.
289 pp.

1620 — Songs of the Hills and Plains $.85

by Harry Robert Wilson. A collection of forty-eight early Ameri-
can songs arranged for modern use. Mountain songs, cowboy
songs, Negro songs, pioneer songs, play-party songs, children's
songs, dramatizations. Paper. 64 pp.

1645 — All Children Want to Learn —

A Guide for Parents $3.50

by Lorrene K. Fox, Peggy Brogan, and Annie Louise Butler.
How children learn and new ideas for solving familiar problems.
Crafts, parties, games, music. Buyer's guide. Illustrated. 224 pp.

1647 — Program Planning for Bus Trips $.60

by Bernard Warach and Rowena M. Shoemaker. For schools,
play centers, camps. How to make travel time constructive, safe,
and comfortable. Ranges from first aid kits to songs and games.
Illustrated. 32 pp.

1648— Stepping Stones to Nature $2.50

by Robert 0. Bale. An aid to instructors, camp leaders, teachers,
and other youth group leaders who need individual and group
activities and projects that help develop an interest in nature.
Illustrated. Bibliography. Spiralbound. 141 pp.

1704 — The Family Book of Games 3.50

by Richard Kraus. More than three hundred games, stunts,
tricks, and puzzles, for home, scout, school, and church activi-
ties. Sections on party planning, game leadership, leadership of
large groups. Illustrated. 192 pp.

1705— Fun on Wheels $2.95

by Dave Garroway. Designed for familv use. Includes car activi-
ties suitable for a wide age range. Word games, card games,
number games, puzzles, simple crafts, drawing games, safety rules
for children. Line drawings. 125 pp.

1676 — Teaching of Tennis for School and

Recreational Programs $3.25

by Eloise M. Jaeger and Harry "Cap" Leighton. To aid the tennis
instructor in effective skill analysis, class procedures, organiza-
tion, practical ideas for use of facilities and equipment. Illus-
trated. 121 pp.

* ^-

1688 — How to Play Shuffleboard $1.90

by Col. P. C. Bollard. For beginners and experienced players.
Explains fundamentals of the game, scoring, guarding, court
peculiarities, strategy of the game. Section on equipment, clothes,
types of courts, etiquette. Paper. 98 pp.



Prices subject to publishers' changes

8 West Eighth Street, New York 11, New York i


*Not subject to NRA membership discount.

When ordering, mention Recreation Magazine.


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January 1961


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Fitness, What Significance? (Editorial) D. Donaldson 5

A national concern

Not the Same Old Story Carol Lucas, Ed.D. 1 1

New frontier for the aged

Keep Up To Date 13

How to grow in your job

New Conflict of Time and Money Marion Harper, Jr. 141

_i Our new discretionary income and discretionary leisure

uj They Work Together Robert Tully 17

Lu Cooperation of the church and the community

Signs of the Times (Part I) Elvira Delany 18

Currents and crosscurrents in the recreation stream

Highways and Recreation- Sidney Gotdstetn 21!

New roads to leisure activities

Effective Program for Seniors W. H. Shumard 231

It is time for a re-evaluation

2 Assignment: Games for the Patient 26 »

^ Adapting games to the hospital setting


O Planning for Spring 301

o- Getting ready for National Recreation Month

Enlightened Supervision John L. Merkley and Ted Gordon 31

2 Modern techniques

p Agency Standards and Teenage Behavior . . Edward Garcia 33

^ Youngsters will "follow the leader"


z New Concepts for Recreation Structures John B. Cabot 34

2 Public architecture should be second to none

■^ State and Local Developments 37

Major improvements in Hawaii

y_ Labor and Leisure Olga M. Madar 39

UJ A union s recreation program

Q British Youth Services 49

The Albei marie Report

5 Letters 6 Editorially Speaking 8 As We Go To Press 9 Market News 42 Trade Mart 43
^ Concerning Upkeep 45 Reporter's Notebook 46 Rx for the 111 and Handicapped 49 New

j2 Publications 50 \

< I

UJ RECREATION is published monthly except July and August by the National Recreation Copyright, i960, by the National

Association, a service organization supported by voluntary contributions, at 8 West Eighth Recreation Association, Incorporated

Street, New York 11, New York, is on file in public libraries and is indexed in the Readers' ,rr rti

Guide. Subscription $5.00 a year. Canadian and foreign subscription rate $5.75. Re-en- "***' ^""'^"^ '" '*•* ^•*'^-

tered as second-class matter April 25, 1950, at the Post Office in New York, New York,

under Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided HnnrATIONAL The articles herein

for in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized May 1, 1924. Microfilms of current HrfSS printed are the expres-

issues available University Microfilms, 313 N. First Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan. JfijsSOCIATION "°" °' **'° writers and

Space Representatives: East Coasf— Advertising Manager, Recreation Magazine, 8 W. g ^ ^ OP of\he**NatTorIi*'Rec**reo-

8th Street, New York 11; Midwest — Mark Minahan, 185 N. Wabash Boulevard, Chicago ■l^'iSifi^M ERICA ♦'«" Association.

1, Illinois.

2 Recreation


Editor in Chief, Joseph Prendergast

Editor, Dorothy Donaldson

Assistant Editor, Elvira Delany

Associate Editors
Administration, George Butler
Program, Virginia Musselman

Business Manager
Frank Rowe

Advertising Manager
EsTA Gluck

On the Cover

The nation's elderly are coming in
for their share of attention in Washing-
ton this month when all agencies con-
cerned with their well-being and hap-
piness gather for the White House
Ccrn-fercrrce on the Aging, January 9 to
12, at President Eisenhower's bidding.
Photo, Philip Gendreau, New York.

Next Month

You will be intrigued with the new
woodland refuge that Southern Illinois
University has constructed for its stu-
dents, where they can enjoy solitude in
the middle of a teeming university cam-
pus. The second in the series "Signs of
the Times" (see page 18) will deal with
man's efforts to control or improve his
environment for recreation, relaxation,
and beauty, as well as with other as-
pects of recreation today. In relation
to Brotherhood Week, February 19 to
26, our knowledge of the recreation of
our neiehbors in other lands will be in-
creased bv a story on "Cooperative Rec-
reation Planning in Norway," by E. A.
(Swede) Scholer who spent a year
there on a Kins's Grant to study recrea-
tion. Valentine parties, an excellent tree
program, and circuses will be among
subjects covered in our Program Sec-

Photo Credits

Page 11, Sven Kado (aged 14),
Sweetwater, Texas, prizewinner, 1959
Kodak High School Photo Contest; 18,
(top) State Historical Society, Wiscon-
sin; 19 (bottom) and 20 (top). Bob
Duncan. North Conway, New Hamp-
shire; 20, (bottom) Florida State News
Bureau; 33, Albert Guida; 36, Jasper
Nutter, Long Beach, California; 37,
(top) Photographers Associated; 38,
Robert Mizuno.


Circl« #180 on coupon

Want a Bigge r and Better Program

with a

More Satisfied Puljlic?

The Key to Success Lies in Your Undeveloped
Refreshment Profit Potential


8c profit per 10c sole.
Machines start at $199.00.

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8y2C profit per dime sole.
Equipment only $275.00.

Hundreds of Pork and Recreation
Departments annually odd 10 to
20% to their available funds with
— .refreshment Profits. You can, too.
f^fA Detailed free booklets tell what you
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out of profits as you operate. No
obligation, write today sure for com-
plete details.



Wor/c/'s \.ar^es\ Manufacturer of Refreshment Equipment and Supplies


New pamphlet helps leaders plan and use music more
creatively wilh many kinds of groups.


Publications Services


600 Lexington Ave.,

New York 22, N. Y.

Circle #181 on coupon





January 1961




A Service Organization Supported by
Voluntary Contributions

JOSEPH PRENDERGAST • Executive Director


F. W. H. Adams New York, N. Y.

Alexander Aldrich New York, N. Y.

F. Gregg Bemis Boston,' Mass.

Edward L. Bernays New York, N. Y.

Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss Washington, D. C.

Mrs. RoUin Brown Los Angeles, Calif.

Howard H. CaUaway Pine Mountain, Ga.

Robert W. Crawford Philadelphia, Pa.

Endlcott P. Davison New Canaan, Conn.

Harry P. Davison New York, N. Y.

Mrs. Alfred du P. Dent Greenville, Del.

Richard A. Dougherty New York, N. Y.

Alan L. Emlen Philadelphia, Pa.

James H. Evans Bronxville, N. Y.

Richard A. Farnswortli Houston, Tex.

Mrs. Howard A. Frame Los Altos, Calif.

Mrs. Paul C. Gallagher Omaha, Nebr.

Harry M. Gambrel Kansas City, Mo.

Luther H. Gulick New York, N. Y.

John B. Hannum 3rd Philadelphia, Pa.

George Hjelte Los Angeles, Calif.

Roscoe C. Ingalls, Jr Bronxville. N. Y


James H. Evans Chairman of the Boart

Susan M. Lee vice Presideni

Luther H. GuUck vice Presideni

Endicott P. Davison vice President

Adrian M. Massie Treasurei

Joseph Prendergast Secretarj

Arthur H. Jones Charlotte, N. C

Augustus B. Kinzel New York, N. Y,

Susan M. Lee New York,' N. Y,

Carl M. Loeb, Jr New York, N. Y.

Fredric R. Mann Philadelphia, Pa,

Henry W. Meers Chicago, lU,

William C. Menninger Topeka, Kans,

Paul Moore, Jr Indianapolis, Ind.

Welles V. Moot Buffalo, N. Y.

Bernard L. Orel! Tacoma, Wash,

Mrs. E. Lee Ozbirn Oklahoma City, Okla.

Mrs. James C. Parker Grand Rapids, Mich.

Joseph Prendergast New York, N. Y.

Mrs. Richard E. Riegel Montchanin, Del.

Sanger P. Robinson Chicago, 111.

Fred R. Sammis New York N. Y.

William S. Simpson Bridgeport, Conn.

Edgar W. Smith Portland. Ore.

Gus Tyler Great Neck, N. Y.

Frederick M. Warburg New York, N. Y.

Albert C. Whitaker, Jr Wheeling, W. Va.


Executive Director's Office

Arthur Williams Arthur E. Todd

Charles E. Hartsoe

Field Department

Charles E. Reed
Research Department
George D. Butler Muriel E. McGann

EUzabeth Culbert

Service to Federal and State Agencies

Temple R. Jarrell

Correspondence and Consultation Service

and International Recreation Service

George A. Nesbitt

Personnel Service
Willard C. Sutherland Mary Gubernat

Program Service
Virginia Musselman Siebolt H. Frieswyk

Recreation Magazine

Dorothy Donaldson Elvira Delany

Special Publications

Amelia Henly Frank J. Rowe

Work with Volimteers

Mary Quirk Elizabeth Shine

Harold Wilcox

Areas and Facilities Planning and Surveys

G. Leslie Lynch
Katherine F. Barker Memorial Secretary for
Women and Girls
Helen M. Dauncey
Recreation Leadership Training Courses
Ruth Ehlers Anne Livingston

Grace Walker Peter Walker

Consulting Service on Recreation for the 111
and Handicapped
Beatrice H. Hill Elliott M. Cohen

Public Information and Education

Anne L. New Lilhan Welsh

Eugenia Gage


New England District

Waldo R. Hainsworth . Northbridge, Mass.
Richard A. Tapply Bristol, N. H.

Middle Atlantic District

Richard S. Westgate Temple, Pa.

Great Lakes District
C. E. Brewer Detroit, Mich.

Robert L. Homey Madison, Wis.

David M. Langkammer Toledo, Ohio

Southern District

Ralph Van Fleet Clearwater, Fla.

Temple R. Jarrell Washington, D.C.

Midwest District
Robert L. Black Kansas City, Mo.

Southwest District

Robert E. Shipp Dallas, Tex.

Pacific Northwest District

Charles H. Odegaard Seattle, Wash.

Pacific Southwest District

John J. Collier Los Angeles. Calif.


A service affiUation with the National Recreation Association is
open to all nonprofit private and public organizations whose function
is wholly or primarily provision of recreation services, and which
include recreation as an important part of their total program, and
whose cooperation in the Association's work would, in the opinion of
the Association's Board of Directors, further the ends of the national
recreation movement.


Service association with the National Recreation Association is open
to all individuals who are actively engaged on a full-time or part-
time employed basis, or as volunteers, in a nonprofit private or pub-
lic recreation organization, and whose cooperation in the work of
^e Association would, in the opinion of the Association's Board of
Directors, further the national recreation movement. Student Asso-
ciation is a special category for those enrolled full-time in colleges
and universities, taking recreation courses.


The continuation of the work of the National Recreation Association
from year to year is made possible by the splendid cooperation and
support of several hundred volunteer sponsors, community chests

and United Funds, foundations, corporations, and individual con-
tributors throughout the country, to help provide healthy, happy
creative living for Americans of all ages.

The National Recreation Association is a nationwide, nonprofit,
nonpolitical and nonsectarian civic organization, established in 1906
and supported by volvmtary contributions, and dedicated to the
service of all recreation executives, leaders and agencies, public and
private, to the end that every child in America shall have a place to
play in safety and the every person in America, young and old, shall

have an opportimity for the best and most satisfying use of his ex-
panding leisure time.

For ^ further information regarding the Association and its specialized
services, please write to the Executive Director, National Recreation Asso-
ciation, 8 West Eighth Street, New York 11, New York.



Fitness . . . What Significance?

4i AT^ouTH IN THE U.S. Lags in Test of Fitness," reads

I a headline in The New York Times, December 7,

1960. Just what significance has this statement

for youth leaders, for recreation, and for the nation, as we

plan ahead for another year?

Fitness has been a concern of the human race since the
days of primitive man — primarily because it is necessary
to survival and security. In ancient Rome and Greece, the
warriors tested themselves at games and the winners were
crowned with laurel wreaths. As the Roman Empire be-
came surfeited with rich living, the young men grew soft,
national health suffered, the empire declined and fell.

In 1877, Benjamin Disraeli said, "The health of the peo-
ple is really the foundation upon which all their happiness
and their powers as a state depend." History, as we have
learned, repeats itself — and therefore drives home the im-
portance of our concern for the fitness of modern American
youth. After two world wars have been won, self-confidence
and a feeling of superiority are responsible for a letdown.
Also, mass production and technical advances are proving
to be devices not only for good but for degeneration. Labor-
saving devices can finally result in inertia and a moral as
well as a muscular flabbiness. It becomes too easy to "let
George do it." Parents and leaders are becoming only too
familiar with the sight of children sitting passively, watch-
ing others play or entertain, unwilling to participate.

Americans tend to "protect" their children from exercise,
according to George K. Makechnie, dean of Boston Uni-
versity. "In an urban society," he says, when the child
"reaches the creeping stage he is caged in a living room
playpen. When he has learned to walk he is placed in a
stroller. When he reaches school age he is transported to
and from school in the family car or the school bus.. At
home he flops before the television set. Little wonder that
his head and shoulders begin to droop, his chest flattens,
and his stomach protrudes!"

The dean adds that, of course, there are exceptions,
There is still the minority who, by natural drive and na-
tural skills, can 'make the team.' But, here again, there is
danger, that the child with athletic skills will be exploited,
that 'winning' the game will be more important than 'play-
ing' the game."

Have our countrymen lost sight of the fact that they are
training the future citizens of a country which must play
an important role in world leadership? That our children
are forming life-long attitudes and habits now? That, for
instance, a new deficiency in children has been described in
the journal of the American Medical Association as "tele-
v^ision legs," a weakness of the lower extremities interfering
with the ability to run or walk properly?


In 1959, eleven facuUy members of Boston University's
Sargent College, one of the nation's oldest schools of physi-
cal education and physical therapy, participated in a written
symposium on "Do Americans Have Sufficient Health and
Energy in This Modern Era?" Dean Makechnie pointed
out that in 1958, in Parris Island, South Carolina, forty-
three percent of the young recruits for the Marine Corps
were classified as "in poor condition," and initially "seventy
percent cannot pass the Marine Corps test for minimum
physical ability and fitness."

As Dr. Henry J. Bakst, professor of preventive medicine,
pointed out in the same symposium, ". . . It has become
apparent that neither health nor disease is the product of ^
an isolated cause and effect relationship but rather the re-
sult of a variety of factors associated with heredity, custom,
emotional adjustment, social organization, and environ-
ment," And he goes on to say that any effort to deal with
these multiple factors must be made by professional per-
sonnel trained to deal with the problems involved.

The recent Times article reports that, in terms of overall
physical fitness. United States boys and girls are still soft,
"weaker than the youth of other nations," according to a
comparison just released by the American Association of
Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, The associa-
tion compared our young people with those of England,
Scotland, Wales, and Cyprus. The findings are shocking.
The comparison revealed, for instance, that in the test for
"endurance for sustained activity" British girls in the ten-
to-eleven age bracket exceeded the average scores made by
U.S. boys. In "leg power," the girls of ten, eleven, twelve,
and thirteen outscored U.S, boys of the same age. (It would
be interesting to have the boys in one of our communities
featuring a strong fitness program take one of these tests.
Would they do better?)

Seven different tests were given to both boys and girls
in the ten-to-seventeen age bracket. British girls scored
ahead of United States girls in all seven, and British boys
finished ahead of U.S. boys in six. The lone United States
victory was in "arm power" for boys.

The report says, "These comparisons cannot be lightly
regarded or glossed over easily. They should provoke seri-
ous thought and stimulate universal, organized action be-
fore it is too late. . . ,"

Need we ask, then, where recreation — and all youth lead-
ership — fits into this picture? The challenge is clear. Civic
responsibility in each and every community must result in
the cooperation and coordination of every leader and every
agency to the end that we do not fail our youth, our country,

Online LibraryNational Recreation AssociationRecreation (Volume 54) → online text (page 1 of 112)