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Nevada State University tri-decennial celebration, May 28 to June 2, 1904 online

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Nevada State Dniyersity







Nevada State University
Tri- Decennial Celebration

May 28 to June 2, 1904

Edited By
J. E, Church, Jr.

Memorial Volume

Press of


Reno, Nevada


To the University Pioneers, whose faith made the
founding of this University possible.

3 7^' 7. ^



Dedication 2

Illustrations 4

Acknowledgments 5

Committee on Tri-Decennial Celebration 7

Historical Sketch — Professor Romanzo Adams 9

Commencement Exercises and
Tri-Decennial Celebration

Program 24

Baccalaureate Services

Program 26

Baccalaureate Sermon, "The Genuine Culture of Life" —

President Joseph lidward Stubbs 27

Tri-Decennial Celebration

Program 50

Address of Welcome — Honorable George F. Turrittin,

Mayor of Reno -. 51

A Greeting From the Pioneers — Honorable Cranston Allen,

Oldest Surviving Member of the Legislatureof 1873. 5^

Letters of Congratulation and Regret 53

The Pioneer Class 60

The University's First President, Le Roy D. Brown: a Trib-
ute From His Son — Thomas P. Brown 61

"University Hymn" — Sam Davis 67

The Spirit-of the Pioneers: By One of Them — Professsor

Emeritus Hannah K. Clapp 68

What the University Stands For — Professor N. E. Wilson. 74

"My Own Nevada" — Robert Whitaker 84

The University and the State — Judge G. F. Talbot, Associ-
ate Justice of the Supreme Court 85

The University and the National Government 91


Memorial Services


I'rdKrnm 94

riu- Departed University Pioneers — R. L. Fulton 95

The Departed Alumni and Students — E. H. Caine 118

I'raypr 124

III Mcmoriam 124

Alumni Banquet

Toasts 126

The University: the Baby — Honorable D. R. Sessions,

First Principal of the University 127

"Retrospect" — Sara Davis 134

Our President — Professor Laura De Laguna 135

The University: the Man That is to Be — President Joseph

Fdward Stubbs 138

"To N. S. U."— Robert Whitaker 143

"A Song to N. S. U."— Miss Elizabeth S. Stubbs 144

Commencement Exercises

Program 146

Annual Commeucement Address, "Education for Com-
merce as a Profession" — Professor Carl C. Plehn,
University of California 147

Catalogue of Graduates

College of Arts and Science .. 162

College of Engineering 174

College of Agriculture and Domestic Arts 184

State Normal School 186

Addenda 202

Higher Degrees 203

Honorary Degrees 204


Main Entrance to the University Frontispiece

The late John Newton Evans, University Regent, 1897-1903. 6

Board of Regents 8

President Joseph Edward Stubbs 27

LeRoy I). Brown, First President of the University, 1SS7-89. 61

Professor Emeritus Hannah K. Clapp 68

Panorama of the University Campus 78

Honorable I). R. Sessions, First Principal of the Univer-
sity, 1874-78 127


The publication of this volume was made possible by the
generosity of the following citizens:

Francis G. Newlands

John Sparks

G. F. Talbot

Cheney, Massey, and Smith

Orvis Ring

Farmers and Merchants National Bank

Robert L. Fulton

J. N. Evans, Deceased

Washoe County Bank

George H. Taylor

The Humphrey Supply Company

C. Novacovich

Reno Mercantile Company

J. R. Bradley Company

Henry Anderson

Matthew Kyle
Robert L. Lewers
P. L. Flanigan
W. H. Patterson
Nevada Meat Company
Richard Kirman
W. W. Booher
John F. Bray
Sardis Summerfield
Bank of Nevada
Frank H. Norcross
In the editorial work, material assistance was rendered by
Professor Gordon H. True and Professor Romanzo Adams, mem-
bers of the Committee on University Publications.

Regent John Newton Evans

A statement of obligation would be incomplete
without an acknowledgment of personal indebtedness
to the late Regent Evans, whose tragic death removed
him from the councils of the Committee on Celebration.
Mr. livans was president of the Board of Regents when
the plan of holding a Tri-Decennial Celebration was
first proposed to that body, and the enthusiastic support
which he at that time promised the movement, was
given throughout by his successor, Regent Bray, and
by his colleagues on the board. By his death at this
time, the celebration of the university became also the
memorial of one of its most loyal pioneers.

Ri(;K,\r John Niwion 1',\ a.\;

Dll'I) N()\ h\llil k I .^ , I i;(^ ^

Committee on Celebration

Regents — Richard Kirman, W. W. Booher, and John Edwards

Representing the Faculty — Professors J. E. Church, Jr., Romanzo
Adams, and R. L. Lewers.

Representing the Alumni Associations —

University — Hon. F. H. Norcross, Hon. H. C. Cutting, Mr.
E. E. Caine, Miss Elizabeth Stubbs.

Normal — Miss Stella Webster, Miss Helena Joy, Miss
Frances Frey, Miss Jennie Jameson.

County Representatives —

Churchill— Hon. W. C. Grimes, Mr. E. A. Freeman.

Douglas — Hon. H. F. Dangberg, Jr., Hon. H. Springmeyer.

Elko— Mr. W. T. Smith, Mr. L. L. Bradley.

Esmeralda — Mr. Philip McGrath, Hon. Samuel R. Wasson.

Eureka — Mr. John Hancock, Mr. I. C. C. Whitmore.

Humboldt— Mr. F. M. Lee, Hon. W. C. Pitt.

Lander — Mr. L. A. Lemaire, Judge W. D. Jones.

Lincoln — Hon. H. E. Freudenthal, Hon. Levi Syphus.

Lyon— Captain Herman Davis, Hon. John Young.

Nye— Hon. T.J. Bell, Mr. T. L. Oddie.

Ornisby — Ex-Governor R. K. Colcord, Hon. Eugene Howell.

Storey — Mr. G. McM. Ross, Major F. M. Huffaker.

Washoe — Judge A. E. Cheney, Mr. John Sunderland, Sr.

White Pine — Hon. H. A. Comins, Hon. Charles Greene.

Members at Large-^V'

" Glrvernor Joun Sparks, Mrs. A. Card, Mr. Joseph A. Ryan,

Mrs. J. F. Holland, Miss Lida Russell, Hon. George S. Nixon,
Mr. William Smiley, Hon. Joseph Hill, Mrs. C. T. Bender,
Mrs. P. L. Flanigan..^Irs. H. H. Howe,]Hon. J. D. Torreyson,
Mr. A. J. Taylor, Mr. O. J. Smith,' Judge B. F. Curler,
Mrs. Mark C. Averill, Mr. Charles Butters, Mr. R. L.Fulton,
Hon. Sardis Summerfield, Hon. A. W. Goble, Hon. John


Shier. II(jii. J. A. DlmiIoh, Mr. R. \\. Richardson, Hon.
Jaiucs II. Marriott.

Committee on Decoration —

Mrs. Sardis Summerfield, Miss Katherine Lewers, Mrs. L.
W. Ciishnmn, assisted by Mr. Richard Brown, Superintend-
ent of Buildings and Grounds, and Mr. Abram Steckle.

Committee on Music —

Mrs. A. L. Lay ton, Mrs. H. H. Howe, Prof. Ronianzo
Adams, Prof. J. E. Church, Jr.



Richard Kirman, President

W. \^ . BoOHER

loHN Edwards Brav

Geor(;e H. Taylor, Secrhakv I

The University

An Historical Sketch

By Professor Romanzo Adams

n^HE American state universities owe their origin
chiefly to a national policy which is more than a
century old. In 1787, the year of the Constitutional
Convention, when there was still great uncertainty as
to the future of the country, whether it would be bound
into one nation or whether it would exist as many jan-
gling states, the old congress of the Confederation, in
session for the last time, made the significant declara-
tion that

"Religion, luorality, and knowledge being necessary to good
government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the
means of education shall be forever encouraged."

In pursuance of this policy, Ohio, the first public
land state to be admitted into the Union, received by
act of Congress seventy-two sections of land to be de-
voted to the purposes of higher education. As the
country developed, the provisions of this act were ex-
tended to each of the new states and territories in
which there was public land, and upon these founda-
tions have developed nearly all of our American state


A^,'riiii. when the life of the nation was in danger,
wIrii the jjcrpetuity of our institutions was threatened
through civil war. when the cf)untry's resources were
taxed to the utmost, a second great step in the develop-
ment f)f governmental policy toward higher education
was taken. On July 2, 1.S62 President Lincoln approved
the Morrill Act which provides that each state shall re-
ceive thirty thousand acres of public land for each
senator and member of the House of Representatives,
tlie proceeds derived from the sale of which shall be de-
voted to the

"iiKiuwiiient, siijfport, and niainteuaiice of at least one
collej^c where the leading object shall be, without excluding other
scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to
teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and
the mechanic arts, in such manner as the legislatures of the sev-
eral states may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the
liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the
several pursuits and professions of life."

The provisions of this act were extended to new-
states and territories from time to time, and resulting
from it, is the magnificent system of colleges of agricul-
ture and mechanic arts. In many states the colleges of
agriculture and mechanic arts exist as separate institu-
tions, while in others, as in Nevada, they exist as de-
partments of the state universities.

It is an interesting coincidence that both of these
great acts of national policy with reference to higher
education came out of times of storm and stress. Each
is evidence of the farsighted wisdom of its author.

What is better designed to guarantee the perpe-
tuity of our nation and its free institutions than that
exact scientific knowledge which has bound the parts
of the nation together in an industrial sense and that


breadth of view, that breadth of sympathy, that just
appreciation of what is best in the achievement of the
past, which it is the function of the university to foster?

By an act of Congress approved July 4, 1866 the
provisions of the general acts above mentioned were ex-
tended to Nevada, thus giving seventy-two sections of
land for the university and ninety thousand acres for
the college of agriculture and meclianic arts. By a
further provision the state was authorized to divert the
money derived from the sale of the last named lands
from the teaching of agriculture and the mechanic arts
to that of the theory and practice of mining. From the
sale of land the university has received in all over
$135,000 most of which is invested in four per cent
bonds of the United States, of the State of Nevada, and
of the State of Massachusetts. The interest only may
be used. This amounts to over $5000 yearly.

The gift of land, however, was only the beginning
of -national aid to the university. Through the Hatch
Act, approved by President Cleveland March 2, 1887.
the state experiment station receives $15,000 annually;
and through the Morrill Act, approved by President
Harrison, August 3, 1890, the college of agriculture and
mechanic arts receives $25,000 annually. All in all, the
university receives from the national government over
$45,000 annually, and this constitutes approximately
three fourths of its support.

On account of the liberal aid received from the
national government it has not been necessary hitherto
for the state to raise a large amount by taxation for the
support of its university. During a part of the uni-
versity's life the state contribution toward ordinary
expenses has been nothing or merely nominal. All
the buildings, however, have been built by the stale.


and in recent years the re};ular annual apprf>priatioii
has been increased gradually until it is now over
Si5,ooo. Doubtless, in the future the legislature, by
means of larger appropriations, will enable the univer-
sity to meet the increasing demands placed upon it.

The constitution of Nevada has the following pro-
\isions relative to the state university:

"The legislature shall provide for the establishment of a
state university which shall embrace departments for agriculture
and mechanic arts and mining, to be controlled by a Hoard of
Regents whose duties shall be prescribed by law."

"The legislature shall have power to establish normal
schools and such different grades of schools from the primary
ilepartment to the university as in their discretion they may
deem necessary."

The first legislature under the constitution by an
act, approved March 19, 1865, provided for the estab-
lishment of an agricultural and mechanical college to
be located in Washoe County. But there was no real
demaud in the state as yet for higher education. Prac-
tically the whole population of the state had entered
its borders within a very few years and the people had
not come in quest of educational opportunities. As a
consequence of this indifference, the provisions of this
act never became operative. During the period from
1865 to 1873 th^ board of regents held sessions as fre-
quently as necessary to make provision for locating and
disposing of public lands, and thus rendered useful ser-
vice to the university while as yet it was not.

The actual establishment of the university was
provided for by an act, approved by Governor Lewis R.
Bradley, March 7, 1S73, By this act the university
was located at Elko on condition that this city should



provide grounds and a suitable building. This condi-
tion was complied with and the board of regents re-
ceived the deed of transference June 23, 1874. The
work of the preparatory department began on the
twelfth day of the following October with seven pupils
in attendance and with D. R. Sessions, A. M., as prin-
cipal and sole teacher.

During the years at Elko the school did not flour-
ish greatly. There were never more than thirty-five
pupils enrolled in one school year and not over half of
these came for the whole year. Although a suitable
dormitory building was erected for outside students, it
was never occupied by more than three or four at a
time. Practically, the attendance was confined to res-
idents of Elko. The work was of grammar and lower
high school grade, few pupils remaining in attendance
for as much as two years.

Mr. Sessions served as principal for over four years
when he resigned to accept the office of state superin-
tendent of public instruction. His successors were W.
C. Dovey, 1879-81; T. N. Stone, 1881-3; E. S. Farring-
ton, 1883-4; and A.T.Stearns, 1885. A mining depart-
ment was added in 1882 with J. E. Gignoux at its head.
Although the attendance during these early years was
small and irregular. Principal Sessions and his success-
ors were able to secure some results worthy of their
faithful efforts. The peculiar merit of Mr. Sessions'
teaching was that, as far as possible, he adapted his
instruction to the individual needs of each pupil. The
instruction it.self was largely individual, each pupil
concentrating his attention upon some one thing and
doing that well. Mathematics was a favorite subject.
While no students were graduated in this period, there
are still in the state a number of representatives of these



early classes and their success in life reflects credit alike
upon themselves and upon the old school at Elko.

On account of the sniallness of the attendance at
the university, it was considered advisable to move it to
the western part of the state where the population
was {greater. Consequently, on March 7, 1885 an act
changing the location to Reno received the approval of
Governor J. W. Adams. This was the twelfth anniver-
sary of the day on which the university was estab-

The first floor of Morrill Hall having been com-
pleted, the preparatory and mining departments were
reopened at Reno in March, 1886, with J. \V. McCammon,
A. B., as principal and A. H. Willis, A. M., as instructor
in mining and assaying.

During the one year these men served the institu-
tion, the plan of work developed at Elko was followed
in the main. The spring and summer of 1887 was de-
voted to the work of completing Morrill Hall, and on
the fifth of September the university opened its doors
to students with LeRoy D. Brown, A. M., Ph. D., as

The year 1887 marks the close of a distinct period
in the university's history and the beginning of another
equally distinct. Heretofore it had been recognized
only as a preparatory school. Now it assumed the
name, university, and its executive head received the
titleof president. While the mere change of namedid not
immediately transform the school into a university in
fact, it did mean that the people of the state had decided
to make it a university in fact as well as in name. To
this end they began to make more adequate financial
provision. After thirteen years of work in which the
institution wisely and frankly confined its eflForts to



work of grammar and high school grade, it now began
to seek the field of higher education for which it was
primarily designed. Before it could become a university
it had two tasks to accomplish. First, it had to
broaden the scope of its work and, second, it had to
raise its standard of scholarship. Any one who would
understand the course of the university during the
years from 1887 to 1904, must see these two demands as
determining its aims and ideals. From this standpoint
its whole course may be seen as a unity. Greater than
any individual man or woman who has exemplified it,
this university ideal has determined the broad lines of
the school's policy continuously, whatever changes
there may have been in the personnel of the faculty.
Not always with most speed, not always with greatest
wisdom, but none the less surely has the university
been approaching the real university ideal. Great
credit attaches to the work of those men and women
who as regents and members of the faculty contributed
to the progress of these years, but back of the efforts of
these few individuals was developing the State of
Nevada which was passing from the early pioneer stage
to a stage of more settled conditions. There was com-
ing to be a real demand for higher education.

The faculty, consisting of two members. President
Brown and Professor Hannah K, Clapp, in the fall of
1887, was increased to four before the end of the year
and to seven before the end of the second year. Dur-
ing these two years was worked out, in the rough, the
plan of organization which exists today. During the
first year four departments were recognized although
they were not fully organized. They were the school
of liberal arts, and the raining, the normal, and the
commercial schools. Walter McNab Miller came as



jtrotcssor of natural science in October 1887, and William
B. DauRherty began the work of the commercial depart-
ment in the following spring. The school of mines was
organized with Robert D. Jackson, Ph. B.. at its head in
the fall of 1888. At the same time Miss Kate N. T.
Tupper became the first head of the normal school.

In October of the same year (18S8) Lieutenant
Arthur C. Ducat, Jr., organized the military depart-
ment. The experiment station was organized in 1889,
I'resident Brown acting as director. President Brown's
two years was a period of beginnings.

During the administration of President Jones, 1889
to 1.S94, the forces which were shaping the university
took more definite form. What was at tirst hardly
tuore than an organization in outline now became a real
organization.. In 1889 small classes were graduated
from the normal and commercial schools, but not until
1891 were there any graduates from the school of liberal
arts, while the schools of mines and agriculture grad-
uated their first students in 1892.

Those were days in which the present traditions
and ideals of the university were forming. The period
is best characterized by one who by reason of playing a
part therein, is familiar with its men and its tendencies:

(Professor Henry Thurtell in 1904 Artemisia)

"The faculty consisted almost entirely of men in
the prime of young manhood, not as full of learning as
the faculties of older institutions, but full of vital en-
ergy and ambition, devoted to the university and alive
to every opportunity to advance what each believed to
be for the general good. They were not always united
in opinion concerning the various matters that came be-
fore them for consideration. The discussions in these


faculty meetings were animated and exhilarating, but
did not always result in the substantial unanimity of
conclusion that might have been expected from the
length and strength of the arguments advanced. How-
ever, the vigor of debate and the warmth of rejoinder
and repartee seldom were allowed to make unpleasant
the social good feeling that prevailed between the dif-
ferent members. Here was a university in process of
being constructed, put together by men trained in
widely different schools. Each man had his own ideas,
gained by experience, or acquired without experience,
of methods and manners of accomplishing desired re-
sults. Each was somewhat tenacious of his own opinion
and some were more or less impatient of the opinions of
others, but out of these long and occasionally spicy dis-
cussions grew the policy' that has made tlie university
what it is today."

During the administration of President Stubbs the
scope of the work has been broadened by the addition
of three schools, the school of mechanical engineering,
the school of civil engineering, and the school of domes-
tic arts and science. The university high school has
been organized, consisting of a preparatory and a com-
mercial department. In the earlier years the commercial
school subserved the double purpose of preparing for
practical business life and also for entrance into the
university, although little more than a good common
school education was required for such entrance. After
the creation of the preparatory high school, the com-
mercial school continued to be preparatory for the
technical schools for a number of years; but gradually
the two high schools have differentiated in function,
each developing special characteristics adapting it to
the needs of its students.



TIk- chief si j^Miilk-aiicc of the university high school
is that through it, as well as through the development
of the high schools of the state, the university has been
able to raise its entrance requirements by about two
and one-half years. This rise came about very gradu-
ally, extending over a period of about eight years.
Probably this is the most important change of the last
ten years. It would hardly be too much to say that it
means the passing of the university from the field of
secondary education to the field of higher education.

Viewed from this standpoint, it appears that the
institution is now just entering upon a new stage in its
development. Having passed through a period of rapid
change, it now enters upon a more even course. Not
that development will cease, but that it will be different
in character, is the point. The course of study has been
constantly in a transitional state, and consequently some-
what uncertain in its demands. The same could be said
of the entrance requirements. In both cases this ten-
dency to change will be much less observable in the
future. Moreover, there will be fewer changes in
departmental organization. Possibly, new schools may
be added in the course of years, but they will come in
more slowly, if at all, and they will be so co-ordinated
with the existing schools as to cause comparatively
slight readjustment.

Such development as may come in the next five or
ten years — and it is sure to be considerable — will be in
the way of finer adjustments within the existing organi-
zation. The system of admitting new students, of clas-
sifying, promoting, and graduating them will become
more definite. The instruction given in the various
departments will be better, and it will be better co-ordi-
nated. Students will be better able to select their work



under the group elective system. Library and labora-
tory facilities for advanced work will be improved. The
plan of one year's leave of absence in seven for the
members of the faculty will give them such opportunity
for study and travel as is necessary to keep in closest
'touch with the scientific and educational progress of
the age. All in all, the university is sure to be a great
gainer through these many minor changes. In fact,
they can be considered minor changes only when com-
pared with the more rapid and radical changes incident

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Online LibraryNevada) Nevada State University (RenoNevada State University tri-decennial celebration, May 28 to June 2, 1904 → online text (page 1 of 14)