New Jersey. Adjutant-General's Office.

Official register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war online

. (page 1 of 53)
Online LibraryNew Jersey. Adjutant-General's OfficeOfficial register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war → online text (page 1 of 53)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


CORNELL

UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY




FROM



DATE DUE




^^




-^



ae£±:?^5?4;fr:



GAYLORD



PRINTED iN U S >





The original of this book is in
the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright restrictions in
the United States on the use of the text.



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924103073692



Official Register



Officers and Men of New Jersey



Revolutionary War,



COMPILED UNDER ORDERS OF
HIS EXCELLENCY THEODORE F. RANDOLPH, GOVERNOR,

BY WILLIAM S. STRYKER,

ADJUTANT GENERAL.



PRINTED BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE.



TRENTON, N. J. :
WM. T. NICHOLSON A CO., PRINTERS.

1872.



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, \

Executive Department," V

Trenton, June ist, 1870. J
'■Gen. William S. Stryker,

Adjutant General of New Jersey,

General :
, A record of Jerseymen who took

part in the military service of tliis country during the Revolutionary War has
jiever been compiled. Having been informed that you have collected certain
lists of the heroic men of that period, you are hereby directed to prosecute, as
far as possible, your researches, v?ith the clerical force of your office, and report
Ihe result to me. If successful, your labors will give new interest to the annals
<of this State, and perpetuate the names of the soldiers who fought in that early
struggle.

THEODORE F. RANDOLPH,

Governor of New Jersey.



Joint Resolution No. 5,

As to the Record of Soldiers of this State in the Revolutionary War,
the War of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twelve, and
the Mexican War.

1. Be IT Resolved by the Senate and General Assembly of the
State of New Jersey, That the Governor, the Treasurer, and the Comp-
troller be authorized to cause to be published such number of copies as they
may deem proper, of the record of soldiers of this State in the Revolutionary
'War, which has been compiled in the Adjutant General's office, by order of
the Governor; that they also be authorized to publish, if it can be prepared, a
record of like character of the soldiers of this State in the War of One Thou-
sand Eight Hundred and Twelve, and the Mexican War ; that they be directed
to make such disposition of the same, upon such plan and in such manner as
shall appear to them most judicious and consistent with the public interests.

2. That the Treasurer be directed to pay, upon the warrant of the Comp-
*toUer, the expense incurred in carrying the foregoing resolution into effect.

Approved March 2 1st, 1871.



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, ")

Adjutant General's Office, I

Trenton, July 4th, 1871. J
To His Excellency

Theodore F. Randolph,

Governor of New Jersey,

Sir:

■Whe% I first entered
this office in April, 1867, I found few papers relating to the Revolutionary
War. Constant inquiries from all parts of the Union for a certified copy of
the records of soldiers of that war, brought the matter frequently to my atten-
tion, and I soon began to note such names and data as were verified in some
way officially. These notations had already assumed considerable size and
importance when your order of June ist, 1S70, was issued, and I immediately
entered vigorously on such a research as I believe has hitherto been unat-
tempted by tliis or any otlier State. The pension lists of the government, and
the minutes of the Congress of the United States, and of the Legislature and
Council of Safety of New Jersey, and all the records of the War Department,
so far as they were found to relate to this State at that early period, were care-
fully examined. Original manuscripts, rolls of companies of Continental
troops, diaries of officers, paymasters' memoranda, quartermasters' reports,
treasurers' receipts, " returns '' to the Commander-in-Chief, lists of soldiers paid
at sundiy times in Continental money, other lists of men who received notes
for depreciation of said currency, — all these and various other kinds of vouch-
ers have been most faithfully compared. The result of all this research I have
now the honor to present you. After the lapse of nearly a century, and with-
out the aid of any valuable documents preserved by the State, I cannot but be
pleased with such success as I have met with. Not asserting that it is com-
plete or without an error, I do affirm that no record has been made hastily or
without what seemed to me to be well verified. I shall be thankful at any
time to receive, from any one, well-authenticated proof of any omission or
mistake, and make the same public.

Before closing, I must acknowledge my indebtedness to Mrs. Dr. Jonathan
E. McChesney, of Hightstown, for her kindness in allowing me an examina-



8

tion of the papers of the late Hon. Charles G. McChesney, for some years
Secretary of State. They contained many invaluable records. To Miss Sarah
S. Stafford, of this city, for permission to copy sundry lists of the Continental
Line, in her possession. To the Hon. H. Van Aemam, Chief of the Pension
Bureau, for the names and rank of certain officers, which I had tried in vain
to discover. I am unc^er great obligations to Mr. Jeremiah Dally, the efficient
Librarian of the State, for => most hearty and zealous investigation of every
volume or manuscript relating to the war, over which he has charge. To Col.
Robert S. Swords, the Secretary of the Historical Society of New Jersey,
the Hon. Whitfield S. Johnson, fonnerly Secretary of State, and others, for
many courtesies. But I am greatly indebted to my assistants, Mr. William N.
Nutt and James S. Kiger, who, with much experience in compiling the roster
of New Jersey yoops in the late war, entered upon, prosecuted, and finished
the clerical part of this compilation with much zeal, great patience, and in a
manner to me most satisfactory.

If, sir, this work shall receive your sanction officially, and meet your per-
sonal approbation as a representative Jerseyman — connected as you are, pater-
nally and matemaUy, with men who appear so distinguished in these pages —
I shall accouilt myself successful in the task of adding something to the histpry
of my native State in that trying hour of her National birth.

WILLIAM S. STRYKER,

Adjutant Oeneral of New Jersey.



JERSEYMEN



IN THE



REVOLUTIONARY WAR.



IN THE following resolutions from the Journal of Congress,
October 9th, 1775, is the first call on New Jersey for Con-
ttinental troops :

"Resolved, That it be recommended to the Convention of
New Jersey that they immediately raise, at the expense of the
•continent, two battalions, consisting of eight companies each,
strid each company of sixty-eight privates, officered with one
•captain, one lieutenant, one ensign, four Serjeants, and four cor-
porals.

" That the privates be inlisted for one year, at the rate of five
dollars per calendar month, liable to be discharged at any time
•on allowing them one month's pay extraordinary.

" That each of the privates be allowed, instead of a bounty,
■one felt hat, a pair of yarn stockings, and a pair of shoes : the
men to find their own arms.

"That the pay of the officers, for the present, be the same as
that of the officers in the present Continental Army ; and in case
the pay of the officers in the army is augmented, the pay of the
•officers in these battalions shall, in like manner, be augmented
from the time of their engaging in the service."

A copy of the above resolutions was laid before the Provincial
Congress of New Jersey, October 13th, 1775, with the following
•official letter of transmittal :



I o JERSE YMEN IN THE

"Philadelphia, Oct. 12th, 1775.

" Gentlemen :— Some late intelligence, laid before Congress,
seems to render it absolutely necessary, for the protection of our"
liberties and safety of our lives, to raise several new battalions,
and therefore the Congress have come into the inclosed resolu-
tions, which I am ordered to transmit to you. The Congress
have the firmest confidence that, from your experienced zeal in
this great cause, you will exert your utmost endeavors to carry
the said resolutions into execution with all possible expedition.

"The Congress have agreed to furnish the men with a hunt-
ing-shirt, not exceeding the value of one dollar and one-third of
a dollar, and a blanket, provided these can be procured; but
these are not to be made part of the terms of inlistment.
" I am, gentlemen,

"Your most obedient humble servant,

"JOHN YL^Y^(ZQ)Q,Y., President.

" By order of Congress, I forward you forty-eight blank com-
missions for the captains and subaltern officers in the New Jersey-
battalions.

" To the members of the Convention of New Jersey."

To hasten the enlistment of men for the two battalions, two
hundred copies of the following advertisement were ordered to
be printed :

"In Provincial Congress, held at Trenton, the 26th day of Octo-
ber, 1775.

"Whereas, The Honorable Continental Congress have re-
commended to this Congress that there be immediately raised in
this Colony, at the expense of the continent, two battalions, con-
sisting of eight companies each, and each company to consist of
sixty-eight privates, and officered with one captain, one lieuten-
ant, one ensign, four Serjeants, and four corporals, on the follow-
ing conditions :

"That the privates be inlisted for a year, at the rate of five
dollars per calendar month, liable to be discharged at any time
on allowing one month's pay extraordinary ; that each of the
privates be allowed, instead of a bounty, a felt hat, a pair of yarn,
stockings, and a pair of shoes : the men to find their own arms.
" That each captain and other commissioned officer, while in.



JiEVOLUTIONARY IVAK. „

the recruiting service of this continent, or on their march to join
the army, shall be allowed two dollars and two-thirds of a dollar
per week for their subsistence; and that the men who inlist
shall, each of them, whilst in quarters, be allowed one dollar per
week, and one dollar and one-third of a dollar when on their
march to join the army, for the same purpose.

"The form of ihlistment to be in the following words:

"'I) , have this day voluntarily inlisted myself

as a soldier in the American Continental Army for one year,
unless sooner discharged ; and do bind myself to conform in all
instances to such rules and regulations as are or shall be estab-
lished for the government of the said army.'

"This Congress, desirous to carry into execution the above
resolutions of the Continental Congress, do resolve that warrants
be issued to proper persons for immediately raising the said two
battalions, consisting of eight companies each, and each com-
pany of sixty-eight privates, and officered with one captain, one
lieutenant, one ensign, four Serjeants, and four corporals, on the
terms aforesaid ; which Serjeants, corporals, and privates to be
inlisted, shall be able-bodied freemen. And it is further directed
that when any company shall be inlisted, the persons having war-
rants for raising the same shall cause a muster to be had thereof,
in the presence of Elias Dayton, Azariah Dunham, Joseph Ellis,
or John Mehelm, Esquires, who are hereby appointed muster-
masters, to review the said companies; and if, upon such review,,
such muster-master, who shall attend for that purpose, shall find
the said company complete, agreeable to the above directions,,
shall thereupon certify the same on the back of the muster-roll
of such company to this Congress, or, in their recess, to the
Committee of Safety, in order that commissions may be made
out to the officers of such company ; which commissions the
Committee of Safety of this Colony, during the recess of this
Congress, upon receiving certificates as above, are required tO'
make out and issue.

"And it is hereby recommended to the inhabitants of this
Colony to be aiding and assisting, as far as their influence
extends, in raising the aforesaid levies.

' " And it is further resolved that each muster-master shall have
for his trouble for reviewing each company, such reward as this-



a 2 JEJiSE YMEN IN TME

Congress or Comniittee of Safety shall judge proper for his ser-
'vice, which the Treasurer of this Colony for the time being,
appointed by Congress, shall pay out of the bills of credit to be.
issued by direction of this Congress, upon an order or orders to
him produced from this Congress or Committee of Safety.

" By order of the Congress.

"SAMUEL l:^5<ZY^Y,^, President.

".Attested: John Ck-rey, Secretary."
- On the 12th day of October, 1775, the Continental Congress
cesolved' "that the appointment of the field officers be for the
present suspended, until the Congress come to a determination
on that matter.!' This resolve was received by the Provincial
Congress, at Trenton, the next day, and immediately an answer
was prepared, approved, and despatched to the Continental Con-
gress, in session at Philadelphia. After expressing "equal affec-
tion to the common cause of America," they claimed the right,
as other Provinces, to nominate the field officers of the proposed
battalions. They conceived that if "field officers were first of
all appointed, it would tend much to expedite the service," and
that if they were indulged with the privilege of nomination, such
officers would be selected " as are generally respected in the
Province ; that captains and subalterns of reputation would offer
itheir services, and the privates inlist more cheerfully."

The Continental Congress referred this communication to a
-committee, without taking any definite action on the subject.
•On the 2ist of October, the Provincial Congress despatched
another letter to Congress, by one of their members, who was
instructed to receive the answer thereto. A reply was returned
October 25th, "suspending a determination on the question."

On October 28th, the Provincial Congress recommended the
proper persons for field officers of the two battalions. The one
-was called by them the Eastern, the other the Western Battalion.

After four postponements, on November 7th, 1775, the Con-
tinental Congress proceeded to ballot, and the gentlemen recom-
■mended were duly elected. The battalions were then designated-
the First and Second Battalions.

A third battalion was afterwards organized.

The following is the roster of officers of these battalions, under
tht first establishment for troops from New Jersey :



REVOLUTIONAR Y WAR. , -.



CONTINENTAL TROOPS,

"JERSEY LINE."



FIRST BATTALION— First Establishment.

FIELD AND STAFF.

William Alexander (Lord Stirling) Colonel.

William Winds Lieutenant Colonel.

William D'Hart Major.

Alexander Clough Adjutant.

Matthias Halsted Quartermaster.

Aaron Ogden Paymaster.

William M. Barnet Surgeon.

Colonel William Alexander (Lord Stirling), promoted Briga-
dier General, Continental Armys

Lieutenant Colonel William Winds, promoted Colonel.
Matthias Ogden, appointed Lieutenant Colonel.
Quartermaster Matthias Halsted, resigned.
Leonidas Chapin, appointed Quartermaster.

COMPANY OFFICERS.

First Company :

Joseph Morris Captain.

Daniel Baldwin First Lieutenant.

Daniel Brown Second Lieutenant.

Jonathan F. Morris Ensign.

Second Company :

Silas Howell Captain.

John Mercer First Lieutenant.



J 4 JERSE YMEN IN THE ,

Richard Johnson Second Lieutenant.

Jacob Kemper ■-* Ensign.

Third Company :

John Conway Captain.

Lewis J. Costigin First Lieutenant.

Peter V. Voorhies Second Lieutenant.

Francis Costigin Ensign.

Fourth Company :

John Polliemus Captain.

John Van Anglen First Lieutenant.

Samuel Axford Second Lieutenant.

Thomas Sickles Ensign.

Fi/th Company :

Joseph Meeker Captain.

Yellis (or Giles) Mead First Lieutenant.

Archibald Dallas Second Lieutenant.

George Ross Ensign.

Sixth Company ;

Andrew M' Mires Captain.

Isaac Morrison First Lieutenant.

Alexander Clough Second Lieutenant.

Jacob Piatt Ensign.

Seventh Company :

Daniel Piatt Captain.

Hendrick Fisher First Lieutenant.

John Flahavin Second Lieutenant.

Cyrus D' Hart Ensign.

Mighth Company :

Elias Longstreet Captain.

Curtenius Schenck First Lieutenant.

John Holmes Second Lieutenant.

Abraham Lane Ensign.



IcEVOLUTIONARY WAR. ig

First Lieutenant Lewis J. Costigin, retired.
Second Lieutenant Alexander Clough, promoted Adjutant.
Second Lieutenant Peter V. Voorhies, promoted First Lieu-
tenant.

Ensign Matthias Halsted, promoted Quartermaster.
Ensign Jolm Mercer, promoted First Lieutenant.
Ensign John Van Anglen, promoted First Lieutenant.
Robert Robertson, appointed Second Lieutenant.
Cyrus D'Hart, appointed Ensign.
Jacob Kemper, appointed Ensign.
Jonatli'an F. Morris, appointed Ensign.

On the loth day of November, 1775, six companies — all that
were completed — of the First and Second Battalions, were or-
dered to garrison the fort in the Flighlands, on the Hudson
river. On November 27th, the rest of the two battalions were
ordered into barracks near New York. On the 8th of Decem-
ber, both battalions were ordered into the city of New York,
and on the 26th of said month, the deputy muster-master there
was ordered to muster them. On the, loth of January, 1776,
three companies were ordered to report to Colonel Nathaniel
Heard, (First Battalion Middlesex Militia), iij command of
"Minute Men," for duty in arresting tories and disaffected
persons in Queens county, New York. The rest of the battal-
ion, Lieutenant Colonel Winds commanding, were stationed at
Perth Amboy and Elizabethtown, New Jersey, until May, 1776.
On the 3d of May, with the Third Battalion, they left New York
to join an expedition to Canada, and, having been joined by the
Second Battalion, took an active part in the operations before
Quebec. At a later day, the First and Second Battalions were
ordered into barracks at Ticonderoga, and remained at that
station until directed by General Sullivan, November sth, 1776,
to return to New Jersey for discharge.



1 6 JERSE YMEN IN THE

\
SECOND BATTALION— First Establishment.

FIELD AND STAFF.

William Maxwell ColoneL

Israel Shreve Lieutenant Colonel.

David Rhea Major.

Ephraim Anderson Adjutant.

Buddie Shinn Quartermaster.

William Shute Paymaster.

James Holmes Surgeon.

Abraham Appleton Surgeon's Mate.

Quartermaster Buddie Shinn, declined.

COMPANY "OFFICERS.

First Company :

William Faulkner Captain.

James Dillon First Lieutenant.

Nathaniel Bowman Second Lieutenant.

John Spafks Ensign.

Second Company :

Joseph Brearley Captain..

Thomas Yard First Lieutenant.

Jonathan Phillips Second Lieutenant.

Thomas Ryerson Ensign.

Third Company ;

James Lawrie Captain.

John Hollinshead First Lieutenant.

James Ashman Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Hendry Ensign.

Fourth Company :

William Shute Captain.

Henry Fries First Lieutenant.

Jeremiah Smith Second Lieutenant.

William Parrot Ensign.



REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 17

Fifth Ci mpany ;

Richard Howell Captain.

John N. Gumming First Lieutenant.

Seth Bowen Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Neglee Ensign.

Sixth Company:

John B. Scott Captain.

James Maxwell First Lieutenant.

John Higgins Second Lieutenant.

Francis Duclos Ensign.

Seventh Company ;

Joseph Stout Captain.

Samuel Reading First Lieutenant.

Ephraim Anderson Second Lieutenant.

Aaron Lane Ensign.

JEighth Company :

Archibald Shaw Captain.

Henry Luce First Lieutenant.

William Helms Second Lieutenant.

George Reynolds Ensign.

■Captain William Faulkner, died.
Captain Richard Howell, appointed Brigade Major.
Captain William Shute, appointed Paymaster.
Captain John B. Scott, died.
First Lieutenant James Dillon, promoted Captain.
Second Lieutenant Ephraim Anderson, appointed Adjutant.
Second Lieutenant Nathaniel Bowman, promoted First Lieu-
tenant.

Second Lieutenant James Ashman, died.

Second Lieutenant John Higgins, died.

Ensign John Sparks, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign Thomas Ryerson, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Ensign Samuel Hendry, promoted Second Lieutenant.

Samuel Shute, appointed Ensign.

Andrew Bankson, appointed Ensign.

John Shreve, appointed Ensign.



1 8 JEJiSE YMEN IN THE

The movements of this battalion in 1775 have previously been
given. On the 8th day of January, 1776, it was ordered ta.
Albany, to report to General Schuyler. The want of sufficient
arms and clothing delayed the march of the battalion.



The authority for the organization of the Third Battalion is-
given in the following minute from the proceedings of Continen-
tal Congress, January loth, 1776:

"Resolved, That another battalion be raised in New Jersey,^
on the same terms as the other two raised in the said Colony."

The Provincial Congress of New Jersey, on the 6th day of
February, ordered the following notice to be published :

"PROVINCE OF NEW JERSEY,
"In Congress, February 6th, 1776.

"Whereas, By a resolution of the Honorable Continental
Congress, a third battalion is recommended immediately to be
raised in this Colony, for the service and at the expense of the
United Colonies, consisting of eight companies, and each com-
pany of seventy-eight privates, and officered with one captain,,
two lieutenants, one ensign, four Serjeants, and four corporals ;
which recommendation this Congress being desirous fully to
comply with, do therefore resolve —

"That officers of the said battalion be immediately recom-
mended for commissions, and that the captains and subalterns-
be appointed and warrants issued for the inlisting the aforesaid
complement of men.

'^Resolved, That agreeable to the recommendation of the said
Honorable Continental Congress, the recruiting officer inlist
none but healthy, sound, and able-bodied freemen, not under'
sixteen years of age ; the form of the inlistment to be in the fol-
lowing words :

" ' I, — • , have this day inlisted myself as a soldier

in the American Continental Army for one year, unless sooner
discharged ; and do bind myself to conform in all instances to-
such rules and regulations as are or shall be established for the
government of the said army.'



REVOLUTIONARY WAR. ip

"Resolved, That no apprentice whatsoever be inlisted within
this Colony, without the consent of his master or mistress first
obtained in writing; and that every person under the age of
twenty-one years, inlisting himself as aforesaid, may, within
twenty-four hours after their parents or guardians shall have
notice of such inlistment, obtain his discharge, by refunding the
money received from the recruiting officer, and returning such
necessaries as may have been supplied him by the officer, or the
value thereof in money.

"That as to the pay and subsistence of said officers and sol-
diers, the same is fixed and ascertained by the said Continental
Congress.

" That it be recommended to the officers of said battalion to
pay the strictest attention to the behaviour of the troops in quar-
ters or on their march, that they give no reasonable cause of
complaint.

" And it is further directed, that where any company shall be
inlisted, the captains having warrants for raising the same shall
cause a muster to be had thereof, in the presence of Azariah
Dunham, John. Mehelm, Joseph Ellis, and Edmund Thomas,
Esquires, who are hereby appointed muster-masters to review the
said companies, and administer an oath to such captains in the
words following, which the captains respectively are required to
take, viz.:

"'I, A B, do solemnly swear that all the men whose names
are entered in the muster-roll by me produced, are truly and
boJiafide inlisted, and, so far as I know or believe, intend going
in the service of the United Colonies, in the Third Battalion
raised or raising in this Colony. So help me God.'

"And if, upon such review, the muster-master, who shall
attend for that purpose, shall obtain the aforesaid oath, or (if of
the people called Quakers) an affirmation to the same effect, and
also find the same complete, agreeable to the above directions,
shall thereupon certify the same on the back of the muster-roll
of such company to this Congress, or, in their recess, to the
Committee of Safety, in order that commissions may be made
out to the officers of such company; which commissions the
Committee of Safety of this Colony, during the recess of this



2© yERSE YMEN IN THE

Congress, upon receiving certificates as above, are required to
make out and deliver.

"And it is hereby recommended to the inhabitants of this
Colony to be aiding and assisting, as far as their influence ex-
tends, in raising the aforesaid levies.

" By order of the Congress.

" SAMUEL TUCKER, President.

"Attested: William Yktt^'ki.o-s, Secretary."

On the same day, the Provincial Congress unanimously recom-



Online LibraryNew Jersey. Adjutant-General's OfficeOfficial register of the officers and men of New Jersey in the revolutionary war → online text (page 1 of 53)