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many manuscripts. For the committee in charge of the New Mil-
ford (Connecticut) Bi-Centennial celebration (1907) we took entire
charge of their memorial book. The exercises occupied five days
and two members of bur staff attended and prepared a full account
of all of the meetings, including the speeches. The townspeople
contributed several articles, and we put the whole into perfect form
for printing, submitted the manuscript to the committee and when
they had passed upon it we printed and published a handsome and
creditable volume.

It costs nothing to consult us and to consider our plan for making

any book you may have in mind. Our prices are reasonable and are

based on the services rendered. References given if desired.

Every genealogist should subscribe for our new quarterly,

The Grafton Magazine of History and Genealogy.

Price $2.00 a year; 50 cents a copy.

THE GRAFTON PRESS, Inc.

Genealogical Editors and Publishers

70FifthAvenue NewYork



$3.00 per Annum. Current Numbers, 85 Cents.

VOL. XL. No. 2.

THE NEW YORK

Genealogical and Biographical



Record.



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF AMERICAN
GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY.



ISSUED QUARTERLY.




April, 1909.



PUnUISHED BY THE

NKW YORK GENEALOGICAL AND niOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.
J26 West 58TH Street. New York.



Euteicd JuW 10. 1879, as S«cood Claw Matter. Poit Othco at New York. N. V.. Act of Coogreaa o( March 3d. tl;*.



The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record.



Publication Committee :
GEORGE AUSTIN MORRISON, Jr., Editor.
TOBIAS A. WRIGHT. E. DOUBLEDAY HARRIS.

HOPPER STRIKER MOTT. J. HENRY LEA.

RICHARD HENRY GREENE. JOSIAH COLLINS PUMPELLY.



APRIL, 1909.— CONTENTS.

PAGE.

Illustration. Portrait of Henry Reed Stiles, AM., M.D Frontispiece

1. Henry Reed Stiles, A.M., M.D. By Tobias A. Wright .... 77

2. Clues from English Archives Contributory to American Gene-

alogy. By J. Henry Lea and J. R. Hutchinson 80

3. The Matthysen-Banckers of Sleepy Hollow. By Edw. Doubleday

Harris 87

4. Lists of Germans from the Palatinate who Came to England

IN 1709. (Continued from Vol. XL, page 54) 93

5. The Knickerbocker Family. By William B. Van Alstyne, M.D.

(Continued from Vol. XL, page 61) 100

6. A Digest of Essex Wills. With Particular Reference to

Names of Importance in the American Colonies. By William
Gilbert. (Continued from Vol. XL, page 9) 108

7. New Brunswick Loyalists of the War of the American Rev-

olution. Communicated by D. R. Jack. (Continued from Vol. XL,
page 32) IIS

8. The Hoppe-Hoppen-Hopper Lineage. By Hopper Striker Mott. (Con-

tinued from Vol. XL, page 15) 123

9. Inscriptions from Christian Church Cemetery (Old Part),

Milan, Dutchess Co., N. Y. Copied by Miss Azalea Clizbee . . 128

10. Bacon Family— Origin of Name. By Leon Brooks Bacon . . . 133

11. Editorial. Registration of Pedigrees 134

12. Society Proceedings 136

13. Notes • . 139

14. Queries. Clark— Coleman— Davis— Gardiner— Harris— Nicholl— Palmer

Wright 139

15. Book Notices 140

16. Accessions to the Library 145

notice.— The Publication Committee aims to admit into the Record only such new Genea-
logical, Biographical, and Historical matter as may be relied on for accuracy and authenticity, but
neither the Society nor its Committee is responsible for opinions or errors of contributors, whether
published under the name or without signature.

The Record is issued quarterly, on the first of January, April,
July and October. Terms : $3.00 a year in advance. Subscriptions
should be sent to . THE RECORD,

226" West 58th Street, New York City.

For Advertising Rates apply to the Treasurer.



THE NEW YORK

^fucalogical anb ^iograpbical Iltcort.



Vol. XL. NEW YORK, APRIL, 1909. No. 2



HENRY REED STILES, A.M., M.D.
One of the founders of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society.



By Tobias A. Wright.



To those who enjoyed the honor of his friendship his death
recalls the delightful memory of a refined and noble character.
Endowed with the attributes of a graceful and cultured per-
sonality, gifted in a high degree with the power to acquire and
transmit knowledge through the medium of his published writings,
he became the associate and friend of the leading scientists and
teachers of his day. They welcomed him to their ranks and the
doors of their institutes were opened wide to him. His ready
pen advanced the cause of associations and societies formed for
the welfare and elevation of mankind, and he was present at the
very inception and birth of many of them, our own Genealogical
Society being among the number.

Few men possessed greater ability in collecting and conserv-
ing the vital statistics and primitive history of New York and
New England than Dr. Stiles. While following his chosen pro-
fession of physician for a livelihood, it is safe to say that more
than one half his life was spent in historical and genealogical
work, for which he received no pecuniary compensation. We
might even marvel at the number and extent of the publications
that came from his pen, though his whole time had been given
to this work. His industry, exeni])lary life and unselfish interest
in his fellow man made him much beloved. To the average
New Englander it is nobility enough to prove his own descent
from one of the Pilgrim Fathers; he made it possible for
thousands to trace their ancestry to the founders of our American
Government and to honored naines in the older governments of
the world.

Dr. Stiles descended through a long line of plain Connecticut
farmers from John Stiles, a first settler of Windsor in 1636.* His
father, Samuel Stiles, a bank note and map engraver, settled
about 1830 in New York City, where his eldest son, Henry Reed,
was born March 10, 1832. He began his education at the Gram-

* For ancestry of Dr. Stiles sec The Family of Stiles, published in book
form, 1895.



78 Henry Reed Stiles, A.M., M.D. [April,

mar School of the University of the City of New York; entered
freshman at the University in 1848, and sophomore at Williams
College, Mass., in 1849. Ill health prevented his graduation
there, but in 1876 he received the degree of A. M. from that
college. He studied medicine at the Medical Department of the
University of the City of New York, graduating in 1855; as also
in same year from the New York Opthalmic Hospital.

He practiced for a few months in New York City; then in
Galena, 111., with a partner, Dr. Timothy M. Wilcox; married in
Jan., 1856, and removed shortly after to Toledo, Ohio, where for
a few months he edited the Toledo Blade (daily and weekly), and
in July of same year removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. In 1857 and '58
he was a member of the firm of Calkins & Stiles, publishers of
educational works, and of the A merican Journal of Education.
From 1858 to 1861 he practiced his profession in Brooklyn, and in
1861 removed to Woodbridge, N. J., where he continued in active
practice until May, 1863, when his literary tendencies again
prevailing he accepted the position of Librarian to the Long
Island Historical Society at Brooklyn, of which organization he
was one of the founders and a member of the first Board of
Trustees named in the act of incorporation. Resigning this
position in 1865, he engaged in literary pursuits until in February,
1868, when he was appointed to a clerkship in the Bureau of
Vital Statistics in the Brooklyn office of the Metropolitan Board
of Health. Two months later he was made chief clerk of the
Brooklyn office, which position he retained until the abolition of
the Metropolitan Commission in 1S70. He was then immediately
appointed Sanitar)' (Medical) Inspector in the newly organized
Board of Health of N. Y. City, and served as such in the 2d, 4th
and 6th Wards until July, 1873, when he was appointed Medical
Superintendent of the State Homeopathic Asylum for the Insane
at Middletown, N. Y. He there superintended the erection of
the first two asylum buildings, organized the asylum service, and
placed the institution on the foundation of success as the first
homeopathic insane asylum in the world under government
control. Resigning his position here in 1877, he removed with
his family to Dundee, Scotland, where he had been called to take
charge of the Dundee Homeopathic Dispensary, then under the
presidency of Lord Kinnaird, where he remained until 188 1,
when he was obliged by his own and his wife's health to return
to America. Here he engaged in consultation with his old
friend Dr. Frederick Humphreys in New York City. In 1888 he
removed to Hill View on the shore of Lake George, N. Y., where
he had a private establishment for the cure of mental and nervous
diseases, but continued his association in N. Y. City until about
1901, when he gave up professional work here and devoted all
his time to completing and preparing for publication his great
work, the History of Wethersfield, Ct., which was published in
two large volumes.

As far back as 1859 Dr. Stiles published his History and
Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Ct., and in 1861 a Supplement to
the same; also a monograph on Bundling in America. In 1863



igop.] Ifetiry Retd StiUs, A.M., Af.D. 79

he published the genealogy of the Massachusetts Favtily of Stiles;
in 1865 he was an active member of the "Faust Club" which pub-
lished limited and choice editions of Wood's History of Long
Island, and of Farman's Notes on Brooklyn, N. V. (the latter
being fully annotated by Dr. Stiles). In 1865 he issued (limited
edition) two volumes relatinjj to the sufferings and experiences
of the prison ship captives in Wallabout Bay, under the title of
T/te Wallabout Prisonship Series, and also edited T/ie Genealogy
of the Stranahan and Josslyn Families.

In 1867 he issued the first volume of his History of the City of
Brooklyn, N. V., in 1869 the second, and in 1870 the third. This
work placed him in the foremost rank of historical writers, and
is a lasting monument to his fame. It is remarkable that a man
whose ancestors were English and who had previously no
acquaintance, and (as he admitted to the writer) little sympathy
with the Dutch element of our early beginning as a nation, should
have chosen this stamping ground of the Dutchman, this city that
they founded, as a subject upon which to spend years of the
most indefatigable investigation and painstaking research, and
make their history his crowning work. Surely the citizens of old
Brooklyn owe him a lasting debt of gratitude. He wrote a Life
of Abraham Lincoln (1865); 22 of the 56 biographies in The Men of
Our Day (1868), one or two campaign biographies of Gen. U. S.
Grant, and portions of many other subscription books. Among his
numerous contributions to newspapers and magazines are sketches
of publishers in the Round Table for 1 866-7 ! papers in the Historical
Magazine, of which he was editor; letters and historical sketches
in the Rahway Times (N. J.), under the nom-dc-plumc of "Tip
Top." In 1884 he edited and largely contributed to the Illustrated
History of the County of Kings and the City of Brooklyn, 2 vols.,
quarto, and in 1887 completed the editing of the Humphrey
Family Genealogy.

He was a member of the Kings County, Orange and New
York County Societies, State Homeopathic Medical Society,
New York ^Iedlco-Legal Society; of the Clinical Club; was one
of the organizers and first members of the Public Health Asso-
ciation of New York City, and a founder and officer of the Society
for Promoting the Welfare of the Insane in N. Y. City; a special
lecturer on Hygiene and Sanitary Science in the N. Y. Homeo-
pathic Medical College, and Professor of Mental and Nervous
Diseases in the N. Y. Woman's Medical College and Hospital.
He was a member (and for eight years Recording Secretary) of
the American Ethnological Society; of the Dorchester (Mass.)
Historical and Antiquarian Society; the New England Historic-
Genealogical Society of Bost(jn, Mass.; the State Historical
Society of Wisconsin; the Niagara Historical Society; the
Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, and of the
American Philological Society of New Yr)rk. In 1869 he was one
of the organizers of the (now defunct) American Anthropological
Institute, and in the same year one of the seven founders of the
New York Genealogical and Biograjjhical Society, and its Presi-
dent from 1869 to 1873; first editor and a frequent contributor



8o Clues from English A rchives Contributory to American Genealogy ^k\>-r'\\.

to the Record, its quarterly magazine. He was also a Life Mem-
ber of the Long Island Historical Society, and an Honorary Mem-
ber of the Northwestern Literary and Historical Society of Sioux
City, Iowa.

At one period Dr. Stiles was much interested in the subject
and philosophy of Freemasonry, in which he took all the degrees
of the New York Rite, and all of those in the Scottish Rite, up to
and including the Thirty-second Degree.

In bearing he was dignified, but his great kindly nature glowed
through the reserve like a burst of sunshine, lighting the way to
the hearts of his associates and friends. His quick wit and quaint
humor made him a most delightful companion. After retirement
to his country seat and when the physical infirmities of age were
bearing heavily upon him he kept up a cheerful correspondence
with friends, often illustrating his letters with humorous sketches
and cartoons, in the art of which he was, like Thackeray, a master.

In religion he was brought up a Presbyterian in the Old Spring
Street Church in New York City, of which his father was an elder,
but while in Scotland entered the communion of the Catholic
Apostolic Church, and his creed was so broad that he considered
not the faults of men, but loved them for their virtues.

In 1856 Dr. Stiles married Sarah Ann Woodward, dau. of Rev.
Charles Moore Woodward. Mrs. Stiles died in 1903. Their sur-
viving children are Dr. Chas. Butler Stiles and Mrs. Elliott
(Stiles) Truesdale, wife of Fred. E. Truesdale of Hill View, N. Y.



Resolution adopted by the Board of Trustees of the New
York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the occasion of
the death of Dr. Henry Reed Stiles, Jan. 7, 1909:

"The Board of Trustees of this Society record this tribute to
the memory of Henry Reed Stiles, A.M., M.D.: That he gave a
life to the cause of Education, to Genealogy, to the enoblement
of the standards of his profession and to civic righteousness."



CLUES FROM ENGLISH ARCHIVES
Contributory to American Genealogy.



By J. Henry Lea and J. R. Hutchinson.



It is well known that the English records contemporary with
the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers contain a wealth of infor-
mation concerning the family history of the early colonists, not
only of the New England but of the Southern settlements. The
searchers of the Probate and Chancery Records, Feet of Fines,
Manorial Court and Plea Rolls, Inquisitions Post Mortem, Star
Chamber Court, Ship Money Tax, Subsidies and Parish Registers
have found these documents a veritable treasure mine of genea-
logical information. It is proposed in this and succeeding articles
to extract, digest and place before the reading public as much of



1909.] Clues from En^^lish Archives Contributory w American Genealogy. 8 1

this invaluable matter as can be found from the period of 1600-
1675, exclusive of what has already been published, and to thus
establish beyond reasonable doubt the kinship of many of the
early American families with their English ancestors.

29 July, 1655, I Sir Edmund Plowden of Wansted, co. South-
hampton, Knight, Lord Earle Palatine, Governor and Captaine
Generall of the Province of New Albion in America, and a peere
of the Kingdome of Ireland, being in perfect health of body. To
be buried in Lidbury church in Shropshire, in the Chappell of
the Plowdens, neere Plowden, with a monument of Stone with
brasse plate engraved with my Armes and Inscription and brasse
plates of my eighteen children, affixed to ye said monument at
thirty or fourty "pounds charges, together with my p'fect pedigre
as is drawne at my house. To the eleven parishes in Hampshire,
Sussex and Shropshire wherin my lands lye 40s. each. To
Mr Edward Weedon late of Aston on the Walls, Northants, ^40
for pious uses. And whereas my eldest son Francis Plowden
hath been extremely disobedient and vndutifull vnto me for these
eighteen yeares past, setting division, strife and debate between
me his father and my wife his own mother, whereby many yeares,
suites, scandall and greate expences have been expended and she
carryed away and hid from me, with diverse of my cattle and
gopds purloined by them, and by their practises I was wrongfully
and cruelly imprisoned in the ffleete vntill by the Pords Peeres
Committees in Parliament about fifteen yeares since I was freed,
and she ordered to returne and cohabite with me, my said son
being specially forbid to meddle with my estate or rents did
nevertheless when I was in Ireland report I was dead and took
diverse of my rents . . . riotously and forcibly . . . and
brake upp my closet and took away or lost one deed of revocation
of Submission to Arbitrators betwixt me and my father and one
Bond of p{^4oo, for want of which, and other sinister practices of
him and his mother, I was barred of ^^ 10,000 due to me from my
father, and since my residing in America and Albion six yeares,
my said son being expressly forbidden my house and lands . . .
did nevertheless many yeares reside in my house at Wansted and
forcibly received my rents and stocks, giving out I was dead, and
by acting therein . . . and his mother's practise to sequester
my estate in my absence in America, I am barred of six yeares
rent and engaged in many suits to recover my estate, so as by his
vndutifull carriage I have been damnifyed by him, in these last
eighteen yeares time, fifteen thousand pounds, and his mother
being a mutable woman and by him alienated in affection from
me, and set on in a new suite scandallously and wickedly to
refuse to cohabite and live with me, but to sue for alimony, and
forcibly to kepe my house etc. to the value of three hundred
pounds, and secretly to pilfer, steal and sell my goods, though
since the said Peeres order she had a child by me. And whereas
by mediation of friends, and to winne him by kindncsse, five
yeares since I received him to my house for two full yeares, in
which tyme he could not be brought to acknowledge his grevious

6a



82 Clues from English Archives Contributory to Americati GenealogyS^K'^\\\,

offences, and hath threatened to shorten roy life, and hath basely
married his mother's chambermaid after having had an illegiti-
mate child by her, Therefore I think him not fitt to make mine
heire nor any of his issue by . . . his novve wife soe meanly
borne, And I think it fitt that my English lands shall be vnited
to my Honor, County Palatine, and Province of New Albion, and
doe conceive that his mother will sufficiently provide for him, to
whom I leave five hundred pounds a yeare in lands and jointure
for her life, namely Wansted and all other lands heretofore her
father Mr Peter Mariner's, which I purchased of her and her
mother . . . and walled out the sea and improved the lands,
in all neare ^^4,000 charges, and payments to her mother, who
lived twenty yeares afterwards; which lands, with Herrierd
Grange and parsonage in Hampshire, I doe confirm to my wife
for her life, on condition that neither she nor my son Francis
oppose this my will or sell any of the said lands. To my wife
;^iSo in household stuff, to be vsed in my Manor house of Wan-
sted. To my daughter Winifred Plowden the lease I have made
her for one and twenty yeares of Bedenham Farme. To my son
Thomas his daughter '^300 out of Stansted lease lands. I devise
all my lease land in England to be sold and with the proceeds
free lands to be bought and entailed as the rest of my lands are.
To Thomas my son and Thomasine his wife all such estates as I
have assured to them vppon their marriage. To Anne, wife of
one Carter in Barkshire, if she be living, or else to her children —
she being the daughter of one Thomas James of Burfield— ^10.
And whereas I am seised of the Province and County Palatine of
New Albion as of free Principality, and held of the Crowne of
Ireland . . . and of the Manor and capital! messuage of
Wansted, the moiety of the Manor of Bedenham, and of diverse
lands in Hampshire, and of the Manor of Stackstedd in Farley,
etc., all which are entailed on my second son Thomas and the
heirs males of his body, with diverse remainders over vnto my
brother Francis and his son Edmund, Nowe in accordance with
the powers to me reserved in the said settlement I doe annul all
the said remainders, and doe devise all the said Province, Manors,
lands, etc. vnto my son Thomas for the term of his naturall life,
with remainder therein to his heires males, or in default of such
to my nephew Edmund Plowden for life, with remainder to his
heires males, or in default of such to the heires males of my son
Francis not begotten on the body of his nowe wife Margaret, or
in default to Winifred my daughter for life, with remainder to
her heirs males, soe as they stile themselves by the name of
Plowden. To my sister Dame Anne Lake and others, golde
rings. Executor in trust, Henry Sharpe, my late servant.
Overseer, Benedict Hall, Esq., my kinsman, or, if he be dead, his
eldest son my cousin. I appoint as my Trustee for the planting,
fortifying, peopling and stocking of this my Province of New
Albion, Sir William Mason of Grey's Inn, Knt., who shall summon
all my undertakers to transplant thither and there to settle their
number of men which such of my estate yearly can transplant,
namely, Lord Monson, 50; Lord Sherrard, 100; Sir Thomas



igog ] Clues from English Archives Contributory to American Genealo^-. 83

Danby, 100; Captain Batts his heir, 100; Mr. Eltonhead, a Master
in Chancery, 50; his eldest brother Eltonhead, 50; Mr. Bowles,
late Clerk of the Crown, 40; Captaine Cleybourne in Vir



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