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Hawes (born Yarmouth, December 29th, 1709; died Y*ar-
mouth, December 8th, 1771 ; married July 17th, 1735) and

Anna (Hodge) Hawes (born ; died March 4th, 1782)

of Yarmouth, Mass. Sarah^ (Thacher) Hawes married, sec-
ond, (after December 23rd, 1768), at , to Thomas

Palmer (as his second wife; his first wife was Elizabeth'^
Thacher, No. 175 (daughter of Thomas* and Thankful (Bax-
ter) Thacher), who died December 23rd, 1768, in her 27th
year) ; he was born February 12th, 1737-8, at Falmouth.
Mass. ; he resided at Falmouth and died there April 25th,
1775, "in his 38th year;" he was a son of Rev. Samuel Palmer
(born August 8, 1707, at Middleboro, Mass.; died April 13th.
1775, at Falmouth, Mass., "in his 68th year"; married Jan-
uary 25th, 1736-7), and his first wife, Mercy (Parker)

Palmer, (born ; died March ist, 17S0), of Falmouth,

Mass. Rev. Samuel Palmer graduated at Harvard College
1727, and was minister at Falmouth for 45 years ; his second
wife was Mrs. Sarah Allen of Chilmark, Mass., whom he
married in 1751.

Child, first marriage: i (Hawes), daughter, born at Yar-
mouth, Mass.

512 i. Anner,® born August 4th, 1766; died April loth,

1782, aged 16; she was drowned at Yarmouth
and was buried there in old burying ground;
gravestone; not married.
Child, second marriage: i (Palmer),son,born at Falmouth, Mass.

513 ii. (See also No. '871.) Job,^ born August nth,

1772; died ; married , of Virginia.

Authorities
Allen's Thacher Genealogy, p. 38.
Freeman's Cape Cod, Vol. I, p. 565; H, pp. 202-221.
H awe's Family MSS. Genealogy (N. Y. Public Library), p. 5-
Yarmouth Graveyard Inscriptions, p. 21.
Mayflozver Descendant, Vol. U, p. 106.
Hon. George Thacher's MSS. Thacher Genealogy.
( To be continued.)



jg,2.] The Doughty Family of Lotig Island. 2"]^

THE DOUGHTY FAMILY OF LONG ISLAND.



By Ethan Allen Doty.



In offering this record of the descendants of Rev Francis
Dou^h?y the^emigrant to Taunton, Mass., and Maspeth. Long
Island I am aware^that it is by no means complete, but it ftir-
nishes a foundation and a frame work on which anyone inter-
ested mav build a more satisfactory record. .

ThTuems here given were collected while I was gathering
materia for "The Doty-Doten Family in America.' Members
^f both the Doty and Doughty families frequently settled m the
same town and lived neighbors, though seldom intermarrying.
™s was notably the caseV the north shore ot Long Island, m
Westrhester Co.: Dutchess Co. and Saratoga Co., m New York
State in New Jersey and in Maine. To keep my Doty records
CO? ec I was obliged to take these of the Doughtys also.

There were other emigrants of Doughtys besides Rev. Fran-

""'' Umfs^^Doughty was a resident of Plymouth, Mass., and of
ScituaTe, where he married in 1649 Lydia, daughter of Humphrey
Turner Also a Thomas Douty born 1620-5, was m Berwick,

"'"Bo'th'^ofThel'ove families are represented by descendants in,

°^ sTil? at^lie^^f'm'Jl^^^^ represented in lower and Western

New Jersey claim descent from an Edward Doughty who came
as r ireceptor to the children of " Lady Moody" and n.arrying
Millicent perhaps the daughter of James and Rosana De Kraft,
became the ancestor of a Numerous family in New Jersey, Vir-

^'"ofThtse^'l^ave but scattering records, but these are at the

r^t^V FrN?rrouoHxTl1 son of a Bristol, (England)

Alderr^an He had been Vicar of Sodbury, Gloucester Eng.
tstlEr^glish Colomzatton of America, by Edward D. Neill, Lon-

^""^"YlV^^enealogical Gleanings in England, by Henry F. Waters^

(Will) " Francis Doughtie of Hempsteed in the parish ot

Oldsbury and County and Diocese of Gloucester, gent., 16 May,

1634. proved 31 October, 1634. „ Tn ^npn^er

To my son Francis my white horse or nag. To Spencer
Achlev my daughter Frances' son, twenty shillings, to be paid
by my executrix within six months next after my decease. To
John Dauyes, the son of my daughter Margaret, ten shillings, to
iepaid in'like manner. To the three children of my ^on Fran-
cis,\hat is to say, Mary, his daughter and Francis and El ah, his
sons thirty shillings to be paid m like manner. The rest ot my
goods, moveable and unmoveable whatsoever, I give and be-

19



2 74 T^^ Dotighty Family of Long Island. [July,

queath to my daughter Elizabeth (excepting what I have passed
by my deed, bearing date 15th May 1634 made to certain nses to
Humfrey Hooke, Alderman of the City of Bristol, Thomas
Lloyd of the same, Adam Baynham of Yate gent, and William
Maye of Cherefield gent, this excepted) and I make my daughter
Elizabeth my whole and sole executrix etc."

One of the witnesses was Fr. Doughtie, minister.

Mr. Waters adds:

"The above will and the deed to Humphrey Hooke and others,
to which it refers, gave rise to a great contention in New Eng-
land, as appears from Lechford's Note Book, pp. 133-5, i37. 171-3
and 256 (I refer to the pages of the printed book) Elizabeth
Doughtie, the daughter and sole executrix of the above testator,
became the wife of William Cole in the parish of Chew Magna, in
the County of Somerset, gentleman (as he calls himself in a bill
of complaint to the Gov., Council and Assistants of the Jurisdic-
tion of Massachusetts Bay) and brother of John Cole of Farring-
ton, Somerset, Yeoman, who made a deposition about Hempsteed
Farm in 1639. William and Elizabeth Cole were then in New
England, as was also her brother Francis Doughty, who at that
time called himself a planter of Dorchester in New England. He
was called a clerk in the bill of complaint by William Cole and
his wife, and seems to have been a minister at Taunton, Mass.,
and afterwards to have removed to Long Island."

About 1637 Rev. Francis Doughty, with others, purchased
from the Plymouth Colony a tract of land at Taunton, Mass. He
is reported to have come to Massachusetts 1639, and settled at
Taunton, preaching there, but having some difficulties with the
people he removed to Maspeth (now Newtown) on Long Island
in New York State where we find him 1642. The Court Records
and Acts of Legislature of Massachusetts Colony show that he
had a lawsuit with his sister Elizabeth, wife of William Cole, ex-
tending through many years.

In Magazine of Amer. History, Jan., 1885, is an article on
" Puritanism in New York" by Rev. Chas. A. Briggs, D.D., in
which occurs "The Third Puritan minister (in State of N. Y.)
was Francis Doughty. He had probably been Vicar of Sodbury,
Gloucester, England, where he was silenced for Nonconformity.
He emigrated to Taunton, Mass., 1637." (Then follows an ac-
count of his differences there with the Church leading to his ex-
pulsion with his wife and child. This is taken from Thomas
Lechford, Plain Dealing, 1642, p. 40.) Doughty secured the con-
veyance of Mespat (near Newtown), L. I., with the view of estab-
lishing a Presbyterian colony there. The settlement was begun
in 1642, but the Indian War broke up the colony in 1643, and the
minister and flock went to Manhattan Island for shelter during
the war. He became the first Puritan, and, indeed, Presbyterian
minister in New York City. He ministered here from 1643 to
1648 and was supported by voluntary contributions from the
Puritans and Dutch of the city. He also preached at Flushing
for a while.



,2] The Doughty Family of Long Island. 275

- Owing to the failure of the colony Govs. Kieft and Stuy vesant

sought to recover the claime upon Mespat, but Doughty dec med

o restore it. He was at last glad to escape ^^o™ ^^^^^^/^h^^/

Stuyvesant and fled to Maryland, where he preached to the Puri-

''"An'inTergJnT'correspondent of the Brooklyn (New York)
DaTl^Eagie^ Igmng hims'elf an " Old Brooki.vnite," m the issue
of June 7th, 1891, says: , . ,,

" The first notice of Rev. Francis Doughty is found m the an-
nals of Taunton and reads as follows:

p Cohannet, alias Taunton, is in Plymouth P^^ent. There is
a Church gathered there of late, and some ten or twenty of the
church the rest excluded. Master Hooke, pastor; Master Street,
?eacher One Master Doughty (Rev. Francis) opposed the
gathering of the church there, alleging that according to the cov^
fnant of Abraham all men's children that were of baptized
parents and so Abraham's children, ought to be baptized, and so
?plke in public, or to that effect, which led to a disturbance and
?L ministers spake to the magistrate ^o order him out the
macristraie commanded the constable who dragged Master

""^"^^^.C^t^^^^^^^^^^^^r.. the Doughty family proba-
bly would never havl played their part in the history of Brook-
Wn Much excitement followed the church wrangle, and it re-
^uUed in about one hundred families leaving the Cohanne
CO ony and following the fortunes of Mr. Doughty. By this it
was determined to leave the English colonies and apply to the
Dutch for a grant of land upon which they could settle and enjoy
that freedom^of conscience which the straight laced Puritans de-
manded for themselves, but were unwilling to accord to anyone
Sse Wi h h s wife and'children Doughty proceded to the Island
of Aquetneck, the present site of the city of Newport, R. I.,
where his friends soon joined him. A regu ar association was
rr/anized and Mr. Doughty sent to New York to interview Gov-
erno? Kiefr So succesfful was this visit that the Dutch authori-
ties immediately granted Mr. Doughty a tract of land of 13,332
acres arMespat! which embraced nearly the whole of .Newtown
Mispeth and a part of Flushing. Here the Doughtyites settled
1^ ?he year 1642, and from their efforts a successful colony was
soon esLblished'. Indeed, its success was so great ^hat^t excUed
the iealousy of Kieft, as will presently be seen. The Doughty
patent is rLorded in the Secr^etary of State's office at Albany
>.nnV nf natents C G p 49. It bears date March 28, 1642. Mr
» /se^rs'tohaV^'e'en a chronic objector and a man o^
most decided opinions. Preaching to his flock weekly he took
Occasion to severely criticise certain acts of Governor Kieft s,
and trouble was xL result. The director and Council of the
New Amsterdam colony in April, 1647, rescinded the Dougbty
patents, dividing the property among members o the association
leaving Mr Doughty only his bouwery and the lands he had m
possesfion TheSoughty bouwery occupied the land on the east
of Flushing Bay, now known as Stevens' Point.



276 The Doughty Family of Long Island. [July.

"To the decision of Kieft Mr. Doughty strongly objected, re-
garding it as not only unjust, but in direct violation of his patent,
therefore he appealed from the sentence, which offended Kieft
who had previously cut off the right of appeal to the courts of
Holland, and, telling Doughty that his judgment was final and
absolute, the despotic governor fined the defenseless clergyman
$10 and locked him up for twenty-four hours in the common jail.
Discouraged at this, Mr. Doughty requested the director-general
of New Netherland 'that as he had lived and done duty a long
time without suitable support and as his land was now confis-
cated' he might be permitted to take ship for the West Indies or
the Netherlands. The request was refused, as the director-gen-
eral had no desire to have his acts laid before the diet. Later
Mr. Doughty was minister at the Flushing church, where he
preached a year for the sum of 600 guilders. He finally departed
for the ' English Virginias' in 1648."

This is one side of the story — Doughty's side.

The colonial records show the Dutch view of the case to be
different. Without going into this in detail, we will simply state
that the Dutch claimed a debt of 1,100 florins from Mr. Doughty,
which he refused to pay. It was out of this that the trouble
arose. The last notice of this man is found in Dr. O'Callaghan's
Colonial Documents where it reports a commissioner sent from
New York to Maryland colony as saying that during a visit to
Cecil, Lord Baltimore, he met Mr. Doughty at a dinner given by
the Maryland governor and found him " looking much the same"
as when he last saw him in New Amsterdam and very bitter
against the Dutch. After the burning of Mespat village by the
Indians in 1643, Mr. Doughty sought refuge in New Amsterdam
with all his followers. Here they resided for several years, Mr.
Doughty purchasing property just outside the fort. Within the
fort he established an English church and preached regularly to
his flock. Thus the Rev. Francis Doughty was the first preacher
in the English language in New York city — "a fact we never
saw commented on in any history of New York."

From the Calendar of N. Y. Hist. Mss. in the Secretary of
State's Office at Albany, N. Y., Part I of Dutch Mss., we learn
that 1642, March 28, a patent of 6666 (Dutch) acres of land at
Maspeth was issued to Rev. Francis Doughty and his associates,
page 49, vol. G. G.

1645, June 10, Rev. Francis Doughty sued Wm. Gerritson, an
Englishman, for libel consisting of a defamatory song against
plaintiff and his daughter. The defendant pleaded guilty and
was sentenced, &c., page 224, vol. 4.

1646, March 22, Rev. Mr. Doughty appointed a referee.

1647, Feb. 7, Wm. and Richd. Smith vs. Rev. Francis
Doughty. Defendant ordered to declare who are his partners.
Vol. 4, page 283.

Soon after this probably, he removed to Maryland, where his
brother-in-law, William Stone, was Governor. He married
Bridget (PStone). Children:



igi2.] The Doughty Family of Lotifi Island. 277

+ 2 i. Mary, b. about 1628.

+ 3 ii. Francis, b. about 1630.

+ 4 iii. Elias, b. about 1632.

Since writing the above account of Rev. Francis Doughty,
whose record was mainly obtained from official records in New
York State and in England, I have received this further informa-
tion through Mr. P. G. Burton of Washington, D. C, who for
some time has been interested in the history of the Doughty

family:

Quoting Mr. Burton's letter it is as follows:
" Rev. Francis Doughty went to Northampton County,Virginia,
in 1655 (the year that his son-in-law, Adriaen Vanderdonck died)
and became the Rector of an Episcopal church there. He was
apparently well thought of, and one wealthy and influential
woman (parishioner) directed in her will that he have charge of
the rearing of her children.

Just what took Rev. Francis Doughty to Virgmia I do not know,
but I have a theory that the Rev. Samuel Diisius, who was a
minister in New Amsterdam, and who was sent on a special
mission to Virginia in December, 1653, may have had something
to do with the move. , . . ,

It is known that Drisius, while in Virgmia, preached m the
church of which Doughty was later Rector. There is a reference
to the choosing of Doughty in the Northampton County records,
but I have not yet been able to get a copy of it.

In 1658 Doughty married Ann Eaton, a widow with some
property, and shortly after moved into Rappahannock County,
where in 1662 he bought 200 acres of land. (In 1692 Rappahan-
nock County was divided into what are now Essex and Rich-
mond Counties).

For several years Doughty was rector of two parishes, one on
each side of the Rappahannock River.

In the summer of 1668 he had a lengthy "argument" with two
of his parishioners, both prominent in political and social circles.
He refused to allow them to " communicate in the blessed or-
dinance of the Lord's Supper" and they brought charges of non-
conformity and scandalous living, the particular kind of scandal
not being specified.

The matter was before Gov. Berkeley, and referred by him to
the County Commissioners for trial. What decision, if any, was
reached, does not appear in any record that has survived.

In March, 1668-9, Doughty placed his farm in the hands of
trustees for the benefit of his wife during her lifetime, and an-
nounced his intention of departing for "some other Countrey and
Clymate that may prove more favorable to my aged, infirm and
decayed body, than the said Countrey of Virginia wherein I now
reside," his wife, however, being "unwilling to depart the said
Countrey, she finding the same best agreeing with her health,
besides her loathness and unwillingness to bidd farewell to her
most deare and beloved children and to her beloved kindred and
relacons, all or at least most of them, residing in the said Colony
of Virginia, and the neighboring Province of Maryland."
19A



278 The Doughty Family of Long Island. [July,

On the same day, Rev. Francis Doughty deeded the reversion
of this property to his son Enoch Doughty, who seems to have
heretofore escaped the eye of the historian.

Enoch Doughty died in Virginia between 1675 ^^^ 1^77 and
willed his property to his children (not named) with instructions
to his brother Francis, who was one of the executors, to sell all
his property, because he wanted his children to move out of the
country.

A memorandum attached to the will seems to show that in
1677 Francis Doughty, Jr., was in England, and among other
things had some tobacco to sell for joint account of himself and
his brother Enoch.

I have found a record of Enoch Doughty in Maryland as early
as Sept., 1658. He had then a wife, Mary, and a daughter, Joy.
Joy Doughty was living in 1668, but I have found no record of
the names of the other children.

After the 18 of March, 1668-9, I find no record of Rev. Francis
Doughty. Whether he went to Long Island and joined his son
Elias, or went back to England, is yet to be learned.

Ann (Eaton) Doughty died in Maryland in the spring of
1683, and as there was quite a contest of her estate, we get a
much better chance to know her family than usual.

Her will left all of her property to her grand-children by her
first and second husbands, and no mention is made of any
Doughty.

From the legal papers filed in connection with the suit re-
ferred to, and from other facts of record it would seem that her
first husband was a brother of the wife of Gov, William Stone of
Maryland.

It has been known for a longtime that the will of Gov. Stone
mentions "brother-in-law, Francis Doughty," and different
writers have explained the connection in different ways.

It is often stated that the wife of Rev. Francis Doughty was
Bridget Stone, usually with a question mark, as if the writer had
grave doubts as to the accuracy of his statement.

Others have stated that Rev. Francis Doughty's sister married
Gov. Stone."

It will be noted that in this statement Mr. Burton says that he
has found a record in Maryland of Enoch Doughty as early as
September, 1658, and that he then had a wife Mary and a daugh-
ter Joy. Now, as Francis Doughty left Long Island in 1648 and
that there was no reference whatever to any son Enoch, it is dif-
ficult to explain how ten years later there could be a married son
with children living in Maryland. It would seem as though
there must be some other explanation of this, and this I leave
for future investigation.

2. Mary Doughty (daughter of Rev. Francis Doughty and
Bridget, his wife). Married first at the Dutch Church in New
York City, Oct. 22, 1645, Dr. Adrien Van Der Donck; he was
known as the Younkers Van der Donck. They lived on the
Hudson River, a few miles above New York City, at a place now



I9I2.J The Doughty Fainily of Lon_i( Island. 2/0

known as Yonkei's, and which took its name from him. After his
death she married Hugh O'Neale of Maryland, and removed
there.

3. Francis Doughty (2d above) remained at Maspeth, or New-
town, where he married in 1660 the widow of Rev. John Moore.
166 1, Feb. 18, he was ordered to deliver up the house of Rev.
John Moore to the Schoolmaster Richard Mills. Child:

5 i. Margariet.

1661, March 9, Margariet, daughter of Franciscus Doten was
baptized in the Dutch Church, New York City. And after this I
find no further trace of this branch.

4. Elias Doughty (son of Rev. Francis Doughty and Bridget,
his wife), born in England about 1632; married in Flushing,
Queens County, New York, about 1658-60, Sarah .

He first appears on record at Flushing in 1666. From the
"Calendar of New York Historical Mss., Part 2, English," in
Secretary of State's Office, Documentary History of New York,
Volume 3, pages 91-99. 1673, July 28; Order issued to Lieutenant
Willet and Cornet Doughty to send out scouts, and the next day,
a letter from Captain Manning thanking Cornet Doughty for his
activity. The same day a letter from Cornet Elias Doughty re-
specting his endeavors to raise men.

1676, October 4, Order of the Court of Assizes. Hempstead
men to be told that whosoever act by way of combination will
run themselves into a new pre-munire (sic) and that if Mr. Cor-
nell, Doughty and others will not immediately settle on Long
Island there are them that will.

1679, March 21; Elias Doughty of Flushing writes to Secretary
Nicholls requesting a grant of Bomams Neck, near Cow Bay,
Long Island, with bounds of said land. 1680, April 20, Town of
Flushing, grants to Elias Doughty 200 acres of land. 1684, Octo-
ber 2, License to Thomas Willet, Elias Doughty, Thomas Hicks,
Richard and John Cornwall to purchase of the Indian proprietors
a tract of unoccupied land on east side of Cow Neck, Long
Island.

1683, September 29; in the Flushing list of rates, Mr. Elyas
Doughty, three males, thirty upland acres, twenty meadow
acres, four oxen, 10 cows, eight two year olds, six one year olds,
twenty swine, twenty sheep, 19s 6d.

1684, November 11; Warrant appointing Elias Doughty and
others a committee to audit accounts of Sheriffs of Long Island
since 1674.

1685, October 20; Elias Doughty, Thomas Hicks and others
commissioned as Justices of Peace of Queens County.

1688; Petition of Elias Doughty, Richard Cornell and Thomas
Hicks for the immediate trial of William Jones of Madnan's
Neck, Queen's County.

From Documentary History of the State of New York, vol-
ume I, page 661: "An exact list of all ye inhabitants names
within ye towne of fflushing and p'cincts — of old and young, free-
men and servants, white and black, etc. 1698, Justice Thomas



28o The Doughty Family of Long Island. [July,

Hukes (Hicks) and Mrs. Mary his wife; sons Isaac, Benjamin,
Charles, William, Stephen, Charet, daughter Mary, nine persons
besides six servants.

Sarah Doughty, sons Benjamin, William, Sarah, four besides
servants.

Francis Doughty and Mary his wife, sons Elias, Palmer, Fran-
cis, Obadiah, Sarah, Charety, Mary, eight besides servants.

Elias Doughty and Elizabeth his wife, children Elias, Eliza-
beth, Thomas, five besides servants.

Charles Doughty and Elizabeth his wife, children, John,
Charles, Sarah, Elizabeth, six besides servants.

Five hundred and thirty (530) inhabitants altogether."
In the records of Twentieth Street, New York City, Friends
Meeting, it appears, Sarah Doughty, of Flushing, an Antient
widow, died 1726.

In records at Hemstead occur the names of Elias and wife
Sarah Doughty, 1668-1675.

It appears from above that Elias Doughty and Sarah his wife
lived at Flushing and that he was a prominent, prosperous and
highly respected resident; that he possessed considerable prop-
erty there and in that vicinity. He probably died about 1690.
She died 1726. She and her children were members of the
Friends Meeting.

While there is no record of births of the children they were
probably born in the following order:

+ 6 i. Mary, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1658.
+ 7 ii. Francis, b. Flushing, N. Y,, about 1661.
+ 8 iii. Elias, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1664.
+9 iv. Charles, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1667.
+ 10 V. Jacob, b. Flushing, N. Y., about Feb. 14, 1672.

II vi. Benjamin, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1674; m. Hannah

, 1705. Hannah Doughty m. Samuel Thorn, Jr.

She was the widow of Benjamin. She is mentioned
in the will of Mary Doughty, wife of Obadiah.
New York City Records, Aug. 22, 1705, Hannah
Thorn, late widow nf Benjamin Doughty of Flush-
ing, was appointed administratrix of his estate.
Samuel Thorn of Flushing, d. Dec, 1759. Will on
record in New York City gives estate to wife
Hannah and children: i. George; 2. Samuel; 3.
William.
+ 12 vii. William, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1676.
+ i3viii. Sarah, b. Flushing, N. Y., about 1680.

Unexplained is a will on record in New York City
made Dec. i, 1731, and proved April 3, 1732, of
Charity Doughty, widow, of Jamaica, N. Y., in which
she gives legacies to: i. Her eldest son Edward.
2. Her daughter Mary. 3. Her son Charles, proba-
bly b. April 16, 1711. 4. Her daughter Charity. 5.
Her daughter Tishe.
She appoints "her loving brothers" William Stevenson,
Jonathan Waters and Daniel Whiteheed, Executors.



,g,2.3 The Doughty Family of Long Island. 28 1

6. Mary Doughty (daughter of EHas Doughty and Sarah)
borrxin Flushing, Queens County, New York, about 1658, mar
rfed in Flushin|',H677, Thomas Hicks, born in Hempstead.



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