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but now of City of N. Y., spinster.

75 (insert) 1783, Jan. 8. Hawsser, Anne, N. Y., spinster, and
Thomas Hayes, N. Y., wheelwright.

75 Hay, Elizabeth, N. Y., spinster, and Thomas Bryant, N. Y.

75 Hay, Hugh, N. Y., victualler, and Magdalen Henry, N. Y.,
widow.

75 Hayes, Mary, N. Y., spinster, and Stephen Moorland, N. Y.,
victualler.

75 for Hayes, Thomas, and Nauchey Hausser, read Hayes,
Thomas, N. Y., wheelwright, and Anne Hawsser, N. Y.,
spinster.

75 Hays, Hugh, N. Y, mariner, and Mary Collins, N. Y., spin-
ster.

75 for Hays, William, and Margaret Gilmore, read Hays, Wil-
liam, N. Y., housecarpenter, and Margaret Gillmore,
N. Y., widow.

75 (insert) 1777, Feb. i. Hays, William, N. Y., housecarpenter,

and Margaret Gillmore, N. Y,, widow.

76 for Hearn, James, and Mary Ellison, read Hearon, James,

N. Y., and Mary Ellison, N. Y., spinster,
76 (insert) 1778, Mch. 17, Hearon, James, N. Y., and Mary

Ellison, N. v., spinster.
76 for Heath, William and Sarah Reily, read Heath, William,

N. Y., mariner, and Sarah Keily, N. Y., spinster.
79 Henry, Magdalen, N. Y., widow, and Hugh Hay, N. Y.,

vKrtualler.
79 Henshaw, Mehitable, N. Y., spinster, and Samuel Nesbitt,

N. Y., surgeon.
81 (insert) 17S0, Sept. 2, Heymell, Hester, N. Y., spinster, and

Emanuel Rinedollar, N. Y., taylor.
81 Heysen, Frederick Joseph (place not given) and Mary Mar-
garet Fagh, N. Y., spinster.
81 (insert) 1774, July 22, Hick, Paul, N. Y., cordwainer, and

Hannah Dean, N. Y., spinster.
81 Hicks, Ann, N. Y., spinster, and Andrew Walker, N. Y.

83 Hildreth, Martha, N. Y., spinster, N. Y., and John Haw-

kins, N. Y., merchant.

84 Hill, Thomas, N. Y., and Jane Burger, N. Y., spinster.

84 Hillier, Isaac, corporal ist Regiment of Guards, and Jane

Reynolds, N. Y., widow.
84 Hillman, John, N. Y., labourer, and Lucy Burgess, N. Y.,

spinster, married November 19, 1775, by Rev. Samuel

Auchmuty.

84 Hines, James, N. Y., and Mary Widner, N. Y., widow.

85 Hoar, Jane, N. Y., widow, and Matthew Taylor, N. Y.



70 New York Marriage Licenses. [Jan.

PAGE

185 Hobbs, William, N. Y., and Jane Main, N. Y. (single or

widow not mentioned.)
187 Hogg, Elizabeth, N. Y., spinster, and Charles Ortzen, N. Y.,

hairdresser.
187 (insert) Hogg, George, mariner, and Catherine Miller,

widow. (Place not mentioned.)
187 Holden, James, N. Y., cooper, and Ann Watt, N. Y., spinster.
190 Hopkins, William, N. Y., shipcarpenter, and Mary Sands,

N. Y., spinster.

190 Hopton, Catherine, 44th Regiment, and Francis Corry, sol-

dier, same regiment.

191 Hornby, Ellen, N, Y., widow, and Thomas Williams, N. Y.,

taylor.

193 Hoyer, Rebecca, N. Y., spinster and Thomas Snowden (no

place given).

194 Huggins, Mary, spinster, and William Appleton, both of

3Sth regiment.
197 Hurry, Frances, N. Y., widow, and Amos Lefurge, N. Y.,

carpenter.
197 Hutchings, John, N. Y., and Mary Stogdell, N. Y., spinster.

197 Hutchings, William, N. Y., mariner, and Margaret Ross,

N. Y., widow.

198 Hyde, John, N. Y., sailmaker, and Catharine Brower, N. Y.,

spinster.
198 Hyde, William, soldier, 46th Regiment, and Mary Pollard,
same regiment, widow.

198 Hyer, Andrew, Jr., N. Y., baker, and Mary McFall, N. Y.,

spinster.

199 for Hyman, Hester, read Heymell, Hester (as above).

199 I'Ans, Francis, N.Y., grocer, and Mary Thorn, N.Y., spinster.

200 Jackson, John, N. Y., vintner, and Ann Shannon, N. Y.,

widow.
202 James, George, N. Y., and Sarah Rosell, N. Y., spinster.

202 Jarvis, Grace, Suffolk County, spinster, and Joseph Smith,

N. Y., merchant.

203 Jauncey, Susannah, N. Y., widow, and Thomas Vardill,

N. Y., merchant.

203 Jenkins, Hannah, N. Y., spinster, and John Brown, N. Y.

205 Johnson, Hannah, N. Y., late of Boston, spinster, and Ben-
jamin Pollard, gentleman, of Gen'l De Lancey's Brigade.

205 Johnson, John, N. Y., merchant, and Susannah Toddy,

N. Y., spinster.

206 Johnston, Jane, N. Y., spinster, and William Moody, N. Y.,

vintner.

206 (insert) 1775 April 5, Johnston, Mary, N. Y., spinster, and

John Allen, Philadelphia, Pa., married April 6, 1775, by
Rev. Samuel Auchmuty.

207 Jones, Hester, N. Y., widow, and John Bell, N. Y., black-

smith.

208 for 1778, July 7, read July 8, Jones, John, N. Y., mariner,

and Susannah Nailer, N. Y., spinster.



1916.] Netv York Marriage Licenses. 7 i



208 Jones, Lewis, N. Y., printer, and Mary Bennett, N. Y., spin-
ster.

208 Jones, Lydia, N. Y., widow, and John Sarrell, N. Y. (ms.
license "at present there is no License signed by the
Governor," John Moore, Dep. Secy).

108 Jones, Mary, N. Y., widow, and Silvester Harrington, N. Y.,
shipcarpenter.

208 Jones, Mary, N. Y., widow, and Smith Ramadge, N. Y.,

merchant.

209 Julang, Margaret, N. Y., widow, and Charles Swan, N. Y.,

pilot.
209 Kearney, Mary, N. Y., spinster, and Edward Shields, N. Y.,
mariner.

209 Keaquick, John, N. Y., mariner, and Darcus Lightfoot,

N. Y., spinster.

210 Keeling, Charles, N. Y., mariner, and Catherine Coffey,

N. Y., widow.
210 Keese, Elizabeth, Queens County, and James Rice, Queens

County.
210 (insert) 1777, July 8, Keily, Sarah, N. Y., spinster, and Wil-
liam Heath, N. Y., mariner.
210 Keirstead, Catherine, N. Y., spinster, and John Neeslet, N. Y.
210 Keith, George, His Majesty's Ship, Perseus, and Janet

Dunlap, N. Y.. spinster (ms. license "At present I have

no Lycense signed by His Excellency the Governor,"

John Moore, Dep. Sec'y.)
210 Kelly, Samuel, N. Y., and Joana Provoost, N. Y., spinster.
2 1 o Kelly, Rebecca, Queens County, spinster, and John Crosbey,

N. Y.
210 Kelsey, Catharine. N. Y., spinster, and James Atkins, N. Y.,

mariner.
210 Kelsey, Elizabeth, N. Y., widow, and Patrick McHugh,

N. Y., taylor. Married May 24, 1775, by Rev. Samuel

Auchmuty.

210 for 1778, Jan. 11, read 1780, Jan. 11. Kemble, Robert T.,

N. Y., merchant, and Mary Marston, N. Y., spinster.

2 1 1 for Kendrick, Mary, and John Francois, read Carderet, Mary

and John Francois. See Cardaret, Mary.
211 for Kerby, Archibald and Mary Barnes, read Kerley, Archi-
bald, N. Y., merchant, and Mary Barnes, N. Y., spinster.

211 (insert) 17S1, Oct. 20, Kerley, Archibald, N. Y., merchant,

and Mary Barnes, N. Y., spinster.

212 for Keys, Ann, and John Busteed, read Keys, Anne, N. Y.,

widow, and William Busteed, Master of His Majesty's
Schooner, the Crain.

213 Killing, Daniel, N. Y., carpenter, and Anstance Sickes,

N. Y., widow.
213 King, Abigail, N. Y., spinster, and Abraham Bancker, N. Y.,

cordwainer.
213 King, Elizabeth, spinster, and James Sheriff, mariner (no

place mentioned.)



J 2 New York Marriage Licenses. [Jan-

PAGE

214 King, John. Springfield, Kings County, housecarpenter,
and Tiddey Lewis, same place, spinster.

214 King, Margaret, N. Y., spinster, and John Elsworth, N. Y.

214 King, Patrick, N. Y., and Elizabeth Williams, N. Y., spin-
ster.

214 King, Sarah, N. Y., spinster, and Oliver Vanderbilt, N. Y.

215 Kippen, Mary, N. Y., spinster, and George Warden, N. Y.
217 Knight, Robert, N. Y., mariner, and Susannah Fox, N. Y.,

widow.

217 Knox, James, N. Y., vintner, and Margaret Maud, N. Y.,

widow.

218 Lackman, Nicholas, N. Y., sugarbaker, and Elizabeth Cor-

back, N. Y., widow,
218 Lafferty, Daniel, N. Y., mariner, and Isabella Woods, N. Y.,

spinster.
220 for Lamacrate, William, and Ann Dellat, read Lamarath,

William, N. Y., shipwright, and Ann Dellat, N. Y., widow.

(Ms. license) " Mr. Bayard being at present out of town

and no Lycense by him signed. William Kirby, Clerk."
220 (insert) 1783, June 3, Lamarath, William, N, Y., shipwright,

and Ann Dellat, N. Y., widow (Ms. license.)
220 Lamb, James, Lieutenant 35th Regiment, and Catalina

Matthews, N. Y., spinster.
224 Laturett, Ann, Richmond County, spinster, and Abraham

Cannon, same county.
324 for Lavarrah, Sarah, and Owen Dealey, read Lavarrah,

Sarah, N. Y., spinster, and Owen Dailey, N. Y., cord-

wainer.
224 Lavender, Margaret, N. Y., widow, and Robert Rouse, Ser-
geant 4th Regiment of Foot.

226 (insert) 1778, Oct. 5, Lawrence, Peter, N. Y., and Sarah Bar-

wick (also written Mary Barwick).

227 Lawson, Thomas, Queens County, schoolmaster, and Cath-

arine Cosser, N. Y., spinster, married Oct. 9, 1775, by Rev.

Samuel Auchmuty.
227 (insert) 1777, May 6, Lawther, Rebecca, N. Y., spinster, and

George Mason, N. Y. See Lowther, Rebecca.
229 Lefurge, Amos, N. Y., carpenter, and Frances Hurry, N. Y.,

widow.
231 Le Roy, Mary, N. Y., spinster, and John Livingston, Jr.,

N. Y., gentleman. Married May 11, 1775, by Rev. Sam-
uel Auchmuty.
231 Letteney, William, N. Y., gentleman, and Hanah Evans,

N. Y., spinster.

231 Lever, Elizabeth, N. Y., widow, and Humphrey Massen-

burg, N. Y.

232 Lewis, Elizabeth, N. Y., spinster, and John Robinson, N. Y.,

yeoman.
232 Lewis, John, New Town, Queens County, farmer, and
Rachel Buskirk, same place, spinster.

( To be continued.)



I0i6.] Genealo};ical Notes from the High Courlof Admiralty Examinations. "] X



GENEALOGICAL NOTES FROM THE HIGH COURT OF
ADiMIRALTY EXAiMINATIONS.



By J. R. Hutchinson.



Richard Hooper, of Wapping, sailor, deposes 15 Sept., 1621,
on behalf of Francis and Thomas Challoner, creditors of David
Middleton, that when in March, 1619, the Jonatliati, of London,
lay in the Downs bound for Virginia, David Middleton and his
two sons, Lewknor and Arthur Middleton, were, by order of the
Virginia Company, put on board her to be transported to that
plantation. On the voyage out David Middleton died.

Samuel Moll, of Rochell, in France, sed tnoram trahens in
FiV^zw/a, chirurgeon, aged 41, deposes 11 June, 1623, that he does
not know Hester Hamor, but in January last there was a coffin
made to bury the dead corps of one Thomas Hamor, which
departed this life at James Town in Virginia, by one Nathaniel
Jefifreyes, a joyner dwelling there, who carried the coffin to the
house where Hamor lay dead and put his dead corps into the
same, and that afternoon the coffin, with the dead corps in it, was
carried to the common burying ground and there interred. This
he knows because he was then one of the surgeons of James
Town and lived in the house with the joyner. Denis Davies of
St. Giles Cripplegate, barber-surgeon, aged 55, who lay sick at
James Town when Hamor died, corroborates; and Thomas
Edwards of St. Mary Aldermary, Salter, aged 34, deposes 19 June,
1623, that Thomas Hamor died in the house of his brother, Capt.
Ralph Hamor.

Stephen Bolton of Wapping, sailor, aged 40, deposes 12 May,
1625, that William Edwards and James Boydon went sailors to
New England in the Unity, and remained there. Tobias White
of Ratcliffe, master of the Unity, aged 35, deposes 13 May, 1625,
that the Unity arrived at New England 25 June, 1624. In Boy-
don's room he brought home to England one Gregory Castle, a
lusty young man.

Thomas Piddock of London, merchant, aged 27, deposes 2
May, 1628, that in June and July, 1624, this examinate was at
Menhegen in New England, with Edmund Dockett and William
Pomfrett, as factors for Abraham Jennings of Plymouth, and
Ambrose Jennings and William Crosse of London, merchants.

Robert Penn, of Virginia, planter, aged 25, deposes 6 May,
1629. concerning the ship George, consigned to William Ewens, at
his plantation in Virginia.

Agnes Kempton,of St. George's, Southwark, widow, deposes 6
Nov., 1629, that the 46 hogsheads of tobacco laden at Virginia in
the Anne of London, Peter Andrewes master, and consigned
unto the examinate by William Perrye, overseer of the last will
of her son John Rilye, deceased, did belong to and were laden



74 Genealogical Notes fromthe High Courtof Admiralty Examinations. [Jan.

for the account of her son and his partners, and that this exami-
nate has no interest therein but as executrix of her son's will.
Isabell, wife of William Perry, merchant of Virginia, aged 40,
deposes 26 August, 1629, that about Christmas last one John Rily
of London, merchant, died in the house of examinate's husband
in Virginia. Amongst his effects was found a writing of co-
partnership, dated 25 July, 1627, and signed by William Crowther,
Charles Whichcot and John Rily.

Isaac Manstridge, of London, grocer, deposes 6 August, 1629,
that about a year since he went purser in the Truelove, Thomas
Gibbs captain, on a voyage to Virginia. There went in the same
ship one Christopher Young, who had bound himself apprentice
to Gibbs. Desiring to stay in Virginia, Young entreated Gibbs
to turn him over to Thomas Burbage, an English merchant who
went out in the same ship as factor for some London merchants,
which Gibbs did.

George Preston of St. Botolph's, Aldgate, cooper, aged 45,
deposes 16 Nov., 1622, that the letter beginning "Uncle Preston,
my best love," was brought from Virginia by a passenger, one
Goodwife Moyses, who came home in (Edmund) Gardiner's ship
the Seaflozver, which letter was sent to this examinate, from Vir-
ginia by one Maurice Thompson and is all written in his own
hand. Thompson did write other letters at the same time to his
father, dwelling in Hartfordshire. Richard Grove of St. Olave's,
Southwark, navigator, aged 38, deposes 10 Dec. 1633, that Mr.
George Thompson and his brother Maurice Thompson have
traded to Virginia for many years.

Willian Tucker of Redriffe co. Surrey, Esq., aged 44, deposes
17 June, 1634, that he hath used to trade and send goods and
passengers to Virginia these three and twenty years, and within
that time hath lived in Virginia and is one of the Council there.
He and his father before him were (Customs) searchers at
Gravesend.

William Pearse of Boston in New England, sailor, aged 43,
deposes 14 June, 1635, that, having known vSir Richard Saltinstall
these six years, he was requested by Mr. John Humphreys, one
of Sir Richard's partners, to look out for and buy a ship for a
voyage to New England. With the advice of John Taylor, ship-
wright, he bought the Thomas afterwards the Richard oi London,
Nicholas Trerise, master. There went in her 20 passengers, who
were to pay for their passage five pounds a head.

John Gibbs, dwelling at Floure de Hundred in Virginia,
planter, aged 35, deposes 16 June, 1635, that on the 26th of
December last, he being then at a place called Waynoke in Vir-
ginia, at the house of William Emmerson a planter there, the
said Emmerson did deliver unto him a schedule of tobaccoes to
be shipped on board the Robert Bonadventure of London, Richard
Gilson master, then lying at Point Comfort, for the account of
Mr. Lewis Evans of Woodstreet, London, merchant. The sched-
ule was written by Arthur Harwood, a kinsman of Emmerson,
and a duplicate thereof was sent into England by one Courtney,



I9i6.] Genealogical Notes from the High Court of Admiralty Examinations. "] 5

who returned passenger in the said ship, this examinate return-
ing in the Defence*

Hugh Bullocke of All Saints Barking, Esq., aged 59, deposes
23 Jan., 1635-6, that he came passenger in the John and Dorothy
from Virginia, where he is one of the Council of State.

Ambrose Calthorp of St. Dunstan's in the West, gent, aged
33, deposes 4 March, 1635-6, that he came passenger from Vir-
ginia in the /(?//« and Dorothy. He further deposes 16 May, 1636,
that on the nth of January last he had in the ship Constance,
then and now delayed at Ilfracombe in her voyage to V^irginia,
four servants, namely, William Gillam, John Elwoode, Thomas
Hudson and William Hulett, of whom Hulett and Hudson have
since run.

William Fitter of Mariland in the West Indies, gent, aged 38,
deposes 7 April, 1636, that in June or July last was three years,
the Dove pinnace was set out from London on a voyage to Mary-
land by Cecil, Lord Baltimore. Leonard Calvert, governor of
Maryland, and Jeremy Hawley and Thomas Cornwallis, two of
the commissioners for that plantation, went out in the Ark, which
accompanied the pinnace. Examinate was formerly servant to
the Lady Stafford at Stafford Castle in Staffordshire, then servant
to Capt. Thomas Cornwallis, and is now lodging with Mistress
Cornwallis at the captain's house in Holborn.

Sir John Harvye, Knt., governor of the colony of Virginia,
deposes 9 May, 1836, aged 54.

Richard Preice of St. Mary Bowe, scrivenor, aged 29, deposes
6 May, 1636, that about October last, at the request of John
Smyth, citizen and draper of London, dwelling in the parish of
St. Botolph without Aldgate, he did pay unto John Thierrye of
London, merchant, at his house in Turne Wheele Lane, the sum
of twelve pounds for the passage of John Cooke and Henry
Johnson, covenant servants of Smyth, to Virginia.

Charles Dawson of Flushing in Zealand, Esq., aged 42, deposes
16 May, 1636, that he is sending to Virginia in the Constance a
servant called Henry Morrell.

Richard Rudderford of Virginia, planter, deposes 16 May,
1636, aged 40.

Thomas Palmer of St. Giles Cripplegate, merchant-tailor,
aged 35, deposes 17 May, 1636, that he is sending two servants to
Virginia in the Cotistance, (whose names are Griffith Mamer and
John Palmer, son of this examinate.)

John Digby of St. Andrew Hubberd, cjtizen and pewterer of
London, aged 44, deposes 17 May, 1636, that he has hired a pas-
sage in the Constance, to Virginia, for one Sampson Alkin.f

* Tobacco was at this time worth tenpence a pound in London, " cleere of
all charges."

t In the same vessel Digby shipped to Virginia a quantity of goods, con-
sisting of leather drawers, leather stockings, and Spanish leather caps, pur
chased of Praise (God) Barbone of St. Bride's, Fleet-street, leathersellcr.



76 Genealogical Notes from the High Courtof Admiralty Examinations. [Jan.

Jerome (Jeremy) Hawley of St. Dunstan's in the West, Esq.,
aged 45, deposes 17 May, 1636, that he was at St. Maries in Mary-
land with Leonard Calvert and Thomas Cornwallis.

Maurice Thompson of St. Andrew Hubberd, merchant, deposes
3 Jan., 1636-7, aged 32.

Anthony Jones of Warwick Squiocke in Virginia, merchant,
deposes 21 March, 1636-7, aged 32.

Capt. Richard Bradshaw, of St. Margaret's, Westminster,
deposes 5 May, 1637, aged 41.

John Rosier, inhabiting at Waricsquoyacke in Virginia, clerk,
aged 34, deposes 26 June, 1637, that about three or four years
since one William Hutchinson, dying in Virginia, made his will
and appointed his father, Henry Hutchinson, living in England,
to be his executor, and Richard Bennett, Anthony Jones and
Robert Sabine overseers. Examinate buried Hutchinson. Henry
Hutchinson came over to Virginia to take possession of his son's
goods, and likewise died there, whereupon the court appointed
Thomas Burbage administrator. James Stone, dwelling in the
house of Thomas Freer in Tower-street, merchant, aged 26,
deposes 5 July, 1637, that he came into Virginia about a month
after the death of Hutchinson the younger, was there when the
father died, which was about eleven months later, and has seen
the will of William Hutchinson on record in the court of Vir-
ginia. Robert Sabyn of Wades Mill, co. Hertford, tallow chand-
ler, aged 45, deposes 25 August, 1638, as to a commission having
been sent into Virginia in August, 1637, for the examination of
witnesses there in a suit between Hutchinson, plaintiff, and Rich-
ard Bennett, Anthony Jones and this examinate, defendants.

George Menefie, an inhabitant of James Town in Virginia,
but now resident in the parish of St. Hellen's, London, merchant,
aged 40, deposes 3 August, 1637, that he has traded to and dwelt
in Virginia these sixteen years.

Capt. Samuel Mathew of Denby in Virginia deposes 29 Jan.,
1637-S, on behalf of Joshua Mullard, gent, and Elizabeth his wife,
relict and executrix of Capt. William Holmes, gent, late of Vir-
ginia, deceased.

John Lillie of Yorke in Virginia, planter, deposes 4 June,
1638, aged 30.

Jenkyn Williams of Yorke in Virginia, planter, deposes 8
June, 1638, aged 23.

Stephen Webb of James City in Virginia, planter, deposes 23
June, 1638, aged 39.

Thomas Browne of Kingsman Necke in Virginia, planter,
deposes 3 July, 1638, aged 33.

Richard Perrin of All Saints Barking, late planter in Virginia,
aged 26, deposes 10 July, 1638, that he still has land in Virginia.

Oliver Downe of Cheese Cake in Virginia, planter, deposes 17
July, 1638, aged 46.



1916.] Charles Francis Adams. 77



CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS.



By Worthington Chauncey Ford.



Charles Francis Adams, second of the name, was born in
Boston, May 27, 1835, the eldest son of Charles Francis Adams
and Abigail Brown (Brooks) Adams. Heredity would account
for much in his life, for his grandfather, John Quincy Adams, a
man of the most active mind and purest motives, was at that time
not far in that congressional service which gives him his highest
title to fame, living until 1848, and leaving a distinct impression
on his grandson. The boy felt the influence of a tradition which
had grown up around his forebears and seemed to destine him for
public life. The great triumph of his father in diplomacy, at
a time and under conditions when the highest qualities alone
could win success, was yet to come; but his position and partici-
pation in public affairs gave the son opportunity and training the
efifect of which influenced him throughout a long and singularly
active career. He was by inheritance entitled to a certain stand-
ing among his contemporaries; by his own development and
qualities he greatly widened his life, and, without the support of
public office or political following, he was better and more favor-
ably known in scholarly circles than almost any man of his
day. This was because he was no specialist.

His school days were passed in Boston or Quincy, and did not
differ materially from those of his contemporaries. Private
schools, a short run at a boarding-school at Hinghara, long
remembered for the sense of freedom it gave, the usual attend-
ance at the Boston Latin School, and finally Harvard College,
completed the round then and still regarded as the neces-
sary steps to awaken in youth a love of letters or a capacity
for encountering the problems of life. Young Adams did not
claim to possess unusual qualities of mind, nor was he conscious
of having so definite a bent as to lead him to specialize early.
Graduating in 1856, he took to law, but not seriously or systemati-
cally. Entering the office of Dana and Parker, he had a short
period of such an experience as is most valuable to a boy whose
abilities are yet dormant. Judge Parker was known for his rarely
fine qualities, and Richard Henry Dana was fortunate in having
his one-time law student for a biographer. The experience proved
a happy one, although not appreciated at its worth at the time.
In May, 1858, Adams was admitted to the Bar. It cannot be said
that he ever really practised, and he had the same dislike to the
law as possessed his grandfather.

This proved a fortunate circumstance, for it left him more
free to respond to the intellectual influences of the time. He
had written essays in criticism while at college, and read much.
His surroundings brought him into touch with the more liberal
political leaders in Massachusetts — men like Sumner and Pal-



78 Charles Francis Ailams. [Jan-

frey, who were questioning the policies of existing parties and
laying plans for a free republic. Young Adams was an interested
listener and participant in the gatherings at his father's table,
and without a definite idea of becoming a public man, he gained
a knowledge of men and measures which bore fruit later. He
tried his hand at writing for newspapers and magazines, and with
success. His father was elected to Congress, and at once took a
position of influence in that body, forming connections which led
to his appointment, in 1861, to the English mission. The son
shared in this political advancement indirectly; he felt the unrest
of the day, both in American politics and the scientific world.
Darwinism went far to establish an almost universal questioning
of facts and theories, and Mr. Adams answered readily to the
movement. Throughout life he questioned, seeking that answer
Virhich could give certainty or inspire confidence.

While in this period of formation in character the Civil War
brought him face to face with realities. He had been a member
of the Massachusetts Volunteers, and many of his associates at
once entered the regular service. He did not, but the call became
insistent, and in December, 1861, he received a commission as
First Lieutenant in the First Massachusetts cavalry. Serving in
South Carolina and Virginia in that regiment he became Captain
in October, 1862, was chief of squadron through the campaign of
Gettysburg and in the advance upon Richmond, and in the



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