orders for building a number of Battoes, sufficient for transporting the Forces and Stores, not
doubting but the King would defray that expence. In consequence of this advice a Proclamation
was immediately ordered to be prepared, prohibiting all Carpenters from doing any other work
than making Battoes. — As to the 2°'' Querry, What encouragement to Indians; The Coram"
were of opinion, that such Indians as should engage in the War were intended to share in the
provisions. As to the 3"* What steps were to be taken to engage the Indians, in the War, and
whether proper to acquaint them with the expedition then, or at the Interview ; The Committee
advised his Excell"^' to engage the Six Nations to join in revenging the hostilities committed by
the Enemy, and to desire the Sachems and figliting Men to meet him at Albany on the 20"" of the
next Month ; but to make no mention to them of an intended expedition. They also advised
tiiat the Indians in alliance with the Six Nations should be by them invited to join in the War
and to come to the said interview. As to the 4"", whether the province should provide pay and
provision for such of the Indians as should engage in the War, and also for their wives
and Children, as in tiie last War; they were of opinion that the presents of cloathing, arms and
amunition were always deemed by the Indians to be in lieu of Pay &. bounty money. As to
the 6'^ Whether he, the Gov% should order Battoes to be built for the forces to be raised in other
provinces? They advised his Excell'^^' to consult Sir W" Gooch & other Governors on this
point; and if they desired it, and would answer for the payment, then to give such orders.
As to the 0"" whether adviseable for him (the Gov'') to order Tents and other Camp-necessaries
for the Forces to be raised in New York, and to draw on the Crown for that expence ; and that
652 NEW- YORK COLONIAL MANUSCRIPTS.
tlie service might not suffer by delaying to provide Bnttoes for the other province; the
Committee advised His Exceil"'^ to consult Sir W"" Gooch on these heads also. As to the ?"■
whether adviseable for him to draw on the Crown for Arms & cloathing the Com"^ advised His
ExcelK^ to pursue the directions he had received from the Duiie of Newcastle. And as to the
&"", whether the Province will allows provisions for the Regular Troops, if any should he sent
on the expedition, and any additional pay to Subalterns, as in the last War; the Committee
thought themselves incapable of resolving that question without the Assembly.
On the 16"' of June 1746. the Gov' laid before the Council a letter, representing the bad
condition of the Fort at Saraghtoga, which was referred to a Committee of Council appointed to
enquire into the state of the said Fort, and to cause estimates to be made of the necessary repairs.
The same day 16"* June 1746. The Council appointed five of their Members to join a
Committee of the Assembly to consider of the most speedy and effectual means for the execution
of that part, which the Colony of New York was to take in the Canada Expedition. The five
Members appointed to be of this Committee, were: M' De Lancey,M''Courtland, M'Horsmanden,
M' Murray & M' Moore.
On the IS"" M'' Clinton by the Advice of his Council sent a Message to the Assembly to
acquaint them, that he had ordered the Commiss" for Indian affairs to invite the Six Nations
to meet him at Albany the 20"" of next month ; he had the King's orders to make them
presents, and advised them to make provision for an additional present from the Colony, and
speedily to make known, what bounty and subsistance should be allowed them ; that he had
wrote to all the neighbouring Gov" recommending it to them to endeavour, that their respective
Govern" should bear a proportion of the expence of engaging the Indians in the War ; that
having no direction from His Maj'^ to provide Battoes or Tents, he desired to be speedily
informed, if they would make provision for that expence. He also exhorted them to make a
suitable allowance to the Town Major of Albany.
At the same time he laid before them Capt° Ingoldsby's letter of the 7"" June, and the
examination of M'' Jacob Ten Eyck of tiie IS'*", both relating to the bad condition of the Fort
at Saraghtoga; the Com'"'' of Council, to whom this Matter was referred, having been unable
to make any estimates, and having advised His Excell"^^ so to do.
On the 20"" June 1746, a Committee of the whole house upon the speech. Message and
papers, granted nem: con: an additional bounty of 40'. and a blanket to each of the first 1000
volunteers, and came to the following resolutions.
That the Colony should in common with the neighbouring Govern" bear its proportion of
the expence of provisions for such Indians as will go on the expedition, and for such of the
Kings forces as his Excell''^ should send.
That it was their opinion, that His Majesty did not expect the Colony to be at the expence
of providing Battoes, Tents, ettc.
On the 23"^" day of June 1746. the Assembly voted i'40000to be struck in Bills of Credit for
the service of the Expedition.
On the 27''' the Assembly voted ^ISOO for purchasing Gunpowder for the use of the Colony,
.£150 to the Gov' for the expence of his voyage to Albany: ^69.9' S'' for his expence in
obtaining an Engineer, and soUiciting a supply of Gunpowder. They also resolved, that, it
being impossible to erect the Six Block houses on the Frontiers according to tlie directions of
the Act for raising a supply of ^13000 for the more effectual fortifying the Colony, the sums
thereby appropriated to that service should now be imployed for the pay and subsistance of
the 500 Men posted on the Northern Frontier.
LONDON DOCUMENTS : XXX. 653
On the 30"' June 1746, Mr Clinton laid before the Council a letter from Sir W"" Gooch
relating to Arms, Cloathing ettc. for the Men to be raised, and also letters from the Gov" of
Connecticut and Pennsylvania, acquainting him, that the Assemblys of their respeclive Govern"
had refused take any share of the expence of engaging the Six Nations of Indians in the war,
or of providing Tents, Battoes ettc.
On the 4"" July 1746. M"" Clinton acquainted the Assembly by Message, that upon
representations from the Commiss" of Indian attairs, and by the advice of the Council, he had
Commissioned Officers to raise a Comp'' of 100 Volunteers out of the Militia; that he hoped
they would grant that Comp^ additional pay, without which they would not continue in the
service; that M' Gooch M'' Thomas and M'' Laws had acquainted him, tiiat their respective
Govern", refused to bear any share of the expence of engaging the Indians or furnishing the
Provisions, except that the former seems to intend a present ; that he therefore earnei^tly
recommended it to them to take the article of Provisions, as well for Indians as the King's
Troops, into their serious and immediate consideration, and to provide for transporting the
same as well as the warlike stores.
On the 9"" July 1746. M' Clinton by the advice of the Council sent another Message to the
Assembly recommending it to them to follow the example of all the neighbouring Govern" by
advancing all monies requisite for every purpose in the prosecution of the Expedition, by which
method one third or fourth part of the expence might be saved to the Crown, and offering to
give his own Bills upon the proper offices, for all such sums as should be requisite for those
particulars of which they should think the province was not expected to bear the charge.
That they would make provision for the 100 Rangers as soon as they should be properly
informed of their services, and of the certain time, they had been employed.
That with regard to the expences of furnishing provisions for Indians or Regular Troops to
be sent out of the Province, they could not recede from their resolutions of the SO"" of June
last ; but if the neighbouring Govern" would contribute, New York would bear its proportion.
That a change so general as that of transporting provisions and stores could not be intended by
His Majesty to be borne by that Colony.
That the Colony's advancing all monies requisite for its part of the expedition, would be
attended with most fatal consequences, as it must occasion a further emission of paper money ;
that they saw very little probability of the Crown's sustaining any loss by the course of exchange,
the then present season being very profitable for drawing by exchange.
On the 15"" July 1746. M' Clinton acquainted the Council with this Resolution, and that the
Merchants would not furnish necessaries, but for Bills of Exchange, at the rate, exchange may
be about at the time of the London Vessel's departure. The Council being asked, advised his
Excell'^^' to issue his Bills at that rate, and to draw on the Lords Commiss" of the Treasury.
The same day the Assembly resolved, that the Forces raised in New York, for the Canada
expedition, should be victualed at the expence of the Colony from the time of their embarkation ;
& at the Gov" desire, adjourned themselves to the 29. July.
Before his adjournment, M' Clinton gave his assent to the following Acts :
" An Act to prevent the exportation of provisions, warlike stores ettc."
M'' Clinton observes, that it was necessary to pass this Act, on account of the expedition, that
the Crown and the Province might not be put to any extraordinary charge upon that occasion.
"An Act for emitting .£40000 in Bills of Credit, for the service of the expedition against
" Canada "
654 NEW-YOEK COLONIAL MANUSCRIPTS.
Tlie passing tliis Act, was certainly in ]\r Clinton a breach of Instructions, in excuse of vvliicli
lie observes, that he was not inclinable to give his assent to it ; but as the extraordinary occasion
required a large sum to be raised, which could not be procured by any other means, he
was advised by his Council to Assent to it. It must be further observed, that the disposal
of all the public money raised by this Act, (except .£150 allowed to the Gov' for the expence of
his journey to Albany) is entrusted to Commiss" therein named, to whom the Treasurer is
directed to pay the said monies without any warrant from the Gov"" or Council. The Bills
emitted by this Act are made current for ten years, and regular annual periods are fixed for
sinking and Cancelling them within that time.
" An Act to detach 300 Men from Albany to serve on the expedition — "
This Act seems contrary to His Maj'" Commission, whereby the command of the Militia is
invested in the GoV ; but M"' Clinton observes, that the occasion of its passing, was the refusal
of the people of Albany to serve on the expedition.
"An Act for impressing Artificers, for providing necessaries for the expedition"
On this Act M'' Clinton observes, that he was informed by one of the Council, that his
impress warrants for those purposes, would not be obeyed ; he therefore recommended the
passing this Act, that the service might not suffer thro' the obstinacy of the people.
On the 17"* July 1746. Mr Clinton set out for Albany, to meet the Chiefs of the six Nations
of Indians, having first recommended to the Council the peace and safety of the City and
province, and the advancement of the expedition, and desired that they would by express
inform him of every material occurrence.
On the 25"" M"" Clinton in a letter to M'' Kennedy, which he desired him to lay before the
Council acquainted him, that he had received information, that the French were preparing to
attack Schenectady or Albany, and the Settlements on the Mohawk River, with a design, as he
supposed, to prevent the Six Nations joining in the War, desiring that the Assembly might
meet according to their adjournment, in order to their being informed of these matters, and that
all the companies that were compleated might be immediately dispatched to Albany. The
Council directly issued orders for the March of the said companies, laid before the Speaker and
eight other Members of the Assembly the said information, relating to the designs of the French,
and directed the Secretary to summon the Members of the Assembly to meet for the dispatch
of business on the 12"" of Aug: acquainting the Gov' by letter with what they had done — On
the 12"" there not being a sufficient number, that house was further adjourned to the IQ"" and
on that day a letter from M' Clinton was received by the Council, acquainting them, that he
did not think proper to suffer the Assembly to meet on business till his returti to New York
and they were accordingly adjourned to the 2°'' of Sept'.
From the proceedings of the Council it appears that during the absence of M' Clinton,
they took upon them to fill up blank Commissions for Officers on the Canada expedition; they
likewise gave orders for the disposition of the Militia, marching Troops up to Albany, and for
the issuing Gunpowder and other stores.
During M' Clinton's stay at Albany, he jointly with Commiss" from the Massachusetts Bay,
held an interview with the Six Nations of Indians, which ended in a Treaty with them and
their allies, by which, they engaged to join in the War.
On the S"^ of October 1746. M' Clinton being returned from Albany desiring the advice of
the Council, whether to send for part of the forces from Albany to New York, or not, they
were of opinion that the withdrawing any Force from Albany, would greatly endanger that
LONDON DOCUMENTS : XXX. (355
Country, and advised the detaining the Maryland and Virginia Troops, for some time longer,
for the defence of New York in case of an attack; on the 11"' however, the Masters of the
Maryland transports, having refused to engage for the payment of carrying the Troops of that
province to Albany, whenever it might be thought proper to send them thither, the Council
advised the immediate embarking them for Albany.
On the 17"" Ocf 1746. M' Clinton being seized with a sudden indisposition sent for the
Speaker, and desired him to lay before the house in his name, a speech he had intended to
have made that day. Tlie Assembly objected to this manner of delivery as unprecedented ;
but for the sake of dispatch of business, consented to receive it. In this speech Jr Clinton
acquainted the Assembly, with the success of his voyage to Albany.
That notwithstanding the bad disposition the Si^c Nations had long been in, thro' the
endeavours of the French, and the many difficulties in his way, he had firmly engaged the c^ix
Nations & their Neighbours in the War.
That misconduct or neglect must have happened in the management of Indian Affairs, which
he recommended to their particular consideration, least the advantages obtained by the late
treaty be lost again.
That M'' Gooch having declined the command of the Forces intended against Canada, he had
been obliged to take the principal care of them, upon himself.
That the measures he had settled with M"" Shirley and M"' Warren for employing the land
Forces in annoying the Enemy, having been disconcerted by the arrival of the French Fleet
on the Coast of Nova Scotia, he had, before he left Albany, disposed them in the best manner
he could for the security of the Province.
That the dangers occasioned by the arrival of this Squadron, required their particular attention.
That a larger sum than usual, was necessary for Indian Affairs, he having ordered a Winter
Camp, several small Forts, and Blockhouses on the frontiers ; that estimates should be laid
before them, and that he did not doubt, but the many motives he mentioned would make them
exert themselves in furnishing means.
On the IS'"" Ocf 1746. M'' Clinton being still indisposed, sent a Message to the Council,
acquainting them, that the Commiss" for delivering provisions at Albany, having refused to deliver
any, but to Captains and at Albany, according to the words of the Act, Coll : Roberts could
no longer obey the orders he had left him; upon which he desired the advice of the Council,
as also upon several letters from Coll: Roberts mentioning the deficiency of the additional
bounty money, and several other particulars relating to the Army; but it does not appear by
the Minutes, that the Council took any notice of this Message.
On the 2P' October 1746, the Assembly in a Committee of the whole house resolved on a
further supply of .£6500 for victualing the Forces raised in the Colony during their continuance
in Winter, Quarters, and .£200 for transporting the same to Albany.
They also resolved to make no further provision for the detachment of Militia sent to Albany.
On the 22"'^ M' Clinton laid before the Council his proceedings at Albany, during the
Interview with the Six Nations and other Indians.
On the 23"* Ocf 1746. Mr Clinton sent a Message to the Assembly relating to the difficulties
that had arisen from the refusal of the Commiss" to deliver provisions, otherwise, than as the
words of the Act direct. He acquainted them that the measures for operations had been
greatly retarded thereby, and that every enterprize might be defeated, if the provisions were
not subject to the Generals orders ; he therefore proposed to them to amend the Act, and
656 NEW- YORK COLONIAL MANUSCRIPTS.
provide for transporting provisions along with the Forces, and desired them also to make good
the deficiency of additional Bounty money, and to furnish Blankets for the regular Troops, as
well as for the Forces levied for the Canada Expedition.
In the afternoon of the same day the Assembly in a Committee of the whole house upon
the above Message and speech of l?""" Ocl% resolved to grant .£540 for the deficiency of the
additional Bounty, and to present an humble Representation to the Gov"' in answer to
the speech & Message.
On the27"'of October 1746. the Commiss" for purchasing provision acquainted the Assembly,
that they had received information from the Commiss" at Albany, that the High Sheriff of that
County had, by an order from Coll: Roberts, forcibly broke open their Store Houses, and taken
away a large quantity of Provisions, which was referred to a Committee of the whole House.
On the 5" of Nov'' the General Assembly presented their Representation in answer to the
Gov''" speech and Message, in which they declared themselves unacquainted with the bad
disposition of the Indians or the occasion of it ; that they had complied with what was
recommended to them by defraying the expence of his journey to Albany, and by granting
.£600. extraordinary for presents; that he, the Gov"" knew best, how the service had been
performed ; that they were pleased to hear the Six Nations were solemnly engaged in the War,
and should be glad to be convinced of it by their Actions.
That in order to examine into and find out the cause of the neglect or misconduct in the
management of Indian Affairs, they desired to have copies of all letters and papers, between
him and the Commiss" or any other persons on those matters, since his arrival. That till this
was done, it would be imprudent to grant a larger sum than usual for the Indian Affairs, lest it
should be liable to the same misconduct.
That they objected greatly to the forming a Winter Camp, as the means to retard or defeat
the Canada Expedition. That they were sorry to find his Excell'^^ of opinion, that harmony
was not subsisting between the branches of the Legislature, that whoever prevailed on him to
entertain such distrust, were not friends to their Country.
With regard to the Message, relating to the transporting provisions with the Troops, they
recapitulated their proceedings ever since the receipt of the Duke of Newcastle's letter,
appealed to him for the Justness and expediency of them, and refused to make any further
provisions on that head. Acquainted him that they had voted the deficiency of Additional
Bounty money, and should always endeavour to render his Administration easy, as far as their
duty to His Maj'J' and the Colony would permit.
On the S"" of Nov'' 1746. the Committee of the whole house, appointed the 27"" of October,
made their report upon the Information given by the Commiss'"' for purchasing provisions,
relating to the breaking open the storehouses at Albany.
The Committee's Report sets forth, that Coll: ftLirshall had produced to the Commiss''' a
warrant from M"" Clinton, requiring them to supply the four Independent Companies in like
manner as the New Levies, which the Comss"''' had refused to do; that the Sheriff of Albany
had told the Commiss"'' he had a Warrant to impress provisions for 1400 Men for 60 days, and,
upon their refusal to deliver the same, had broke open the Store house, and being asked by
what authority he did so, had produced a Warrant from the Gov'', to impress workmen, horses,
carriages, ettc and one from Coll: Roberts to impress two months provisions. That altho' the
said Sheriff had demanded provisions for 1400 Men, there were but 1270 in actual service,
and of that number three Companies had at that time provisions for near two Months. That
LONDON DOCUMENTS : XXX. 657
but S or 900 new Levies marched from Albany, and that the provisions forcibly taken would
have subsisted the New Levies, to 24"^ January next. That several F'ield officers had demanded
provisions to be transported with the Army, and that D'' Golden, in particular had threatened,
in case of their refusal, to have other Commiss" appointed in their stead.
Upon this Report the House came to the following Resolutions.
That His Excell^^ was ill advised in granting a warrant for provisions for the four
That the Commiss" in refusing to obey that warrant, had acted agreable to the Act.
That Coll: Roberts's warrant was arbitrary and illegal, and that he was thereby guilty of a
That the breaking open the Storehouses was arbitrary, illegal, and a violation of the Rights
and liberties of the subject.
That M' Holland, the Sheriff, who broke open the Storehouse was also guilty of high
That Cadwallader Colden Esq' in threatning the said Commiss" was guilty of a high
That it was in vain to furnish provisions, till proper assurances should be given that a stop
should be put to such proceedings.
That His Excell'^^ be acquainted with these Resolutions, and desired to order the Attorney
General to prosecute the said Delinquents.
On the 10"' of November 1746. M' Clinton sent a Message to the Assembly in answer to
their representation, in which he told them, he thought it had been notoriously known, that
the bad dispositions of the Six Nations were owing to the ill usage they received from Traders
and dealers, who for the most part were employed in the conduct of Indian Affairs; that many
reasons induced him to think this a matter of great consequence; that he would order copies
of all letters between him and the Commiss" of Indian Affairs, whenever they desired it; that
if they had desired the same information with regard to the orders he had left at Albany, they
would have had another opinion as to the disposition of Forces, winter Gamps ettc. That
the publication of their dissatisfaction would countenance disrespect to his orders, the
consequences whereof were obvious. That their printing their representation without waiting
his answer, shewed that his Recommendation of good agreement was not unreasonable.
That he had never taken any step towards raising parties or divisions, but endeavoured to
keep up strict harmony ; that liad done more for the province, than any of his predecessors, and
should always be carefull of their Rights and priviledges as well, as of the King's prerogative.
On the 24"" of Nov'' 1746. M' Clinton sent a Message to the Assembly in answer to their
resolves of the S"" to vindicate the measures he had taken at Albany, and to clear the
character of the Gentlemen of the Council, who assisted him there. He told them, that, in
consequence of the plan of operation settled with M' Shirley and M' Warren, all the Forces
rendezvoused at Albany, were to march from thence. That he thought it for the good of the
service, to join to them as many of the four Independent Companies, as could be spared from
the Garrisons. That the New Levies at first amounted to 1600, but death and desertion
having reduced that number to 1400, he concluded it would be agreable to the House to supply
that defect by adding 200 Men of the Independent Companies, without putting the Province to
any charge but that of Provisions ; that there was an absolute necessity to subsist these Men,
and no provisions to be had at Albany, and, that when he granted orders for issuing provisions
Vol,. VI. S3
658 NEW- YORK COLONIAL MANUSCRIPTS.
to them, he sent assurances to the Commiss", that if the Assembly would not allow them, he