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Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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HISTORICAL

ENCYCLOPEDIA

OF

ILLINOIS



EDITED BY

Newton Bateman, LL.D. Paul Selbv, A.M.




KNOX COUNTY



edited bv
W. Selden Gale. Ge... Candee Gale.

ILLUSTRATED.



CHICAGO AND NEW YORK:

MUNSELL publishing COiMPANY.

PUBLISHERS,

1899.



W 1 1. 1, 1 AM W. MUNSELI.,
1 the office of the l^ibrarian of Congresi

Washingtoh.



1302265





TEIiRITORY DRAIXaD BY THE ILLINOIS RIVER.



PREFACE.



Why publish this book? There should be many and strong reasons to warrant such an
undertaking. Are there such reasons? What considerations are weighty enough to have
induced the publishers to make this venture? and what special claims has Illinois to such a
distinction? These are reasonaljle and inevitable inquiries, and it is fitting they should
receive attention.

In the first place, good State Histories are of gi'eat importance and value, and there is
abundant and cheering evidence of an increasing popular interest in them. This is true of
all such works, whatever States may be their subjects; and it is conspicuously true of Illi-
nois, for the following, among many other reasons: Because of its great prominence in the
early history of the West as the seat of the first settlements of Europeans northwest of the
Ohio River — the unique character of its early civilization, due to or resulting from its early
French population brought in contact with the aborigines — its political, military, and educa-
tional prominence — its steadfast loyalty and patriotism — the marvelous development of its
vast resources — the number of distinguished statesmen, generals, and jurists whom it has
furnished to the Government, and its grand record in the exciting and perilous conflicts on
the Slavery question.

This is the magnificent ('omnionwealth, the setting fortli of whose history, in all of its
essential departments and features, seemed to warrant the bringing out of another volume
devoted to that end. Its material has been gathered from every available source, and most
carefully examined and sifted before acceptance. Especial ca're has been taken in collecting
material of a biographical character ; facts and incidents in the personal history of men identi-
fied with the life of the State in its Territorial and later periods. This material has been
gathered from a great variety of sources widely scattered, and much of it quite inaccessible
to the ordinary inquirer. The encyclopedic form of the work favors conciseness and com-
pactness, and was adopted with a view to condensing the largest amount of information
within the smallest practicable space.

And so the Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois was conceived and planned in the belief
that it was needed; that no other book filled the place it was designed to occupy, or fur-
nished the amount, variety and scope of information touching the infancy and later life of
Illinois, that would be found in its pages. In that belief, and in furtlierance of those ends,
the book has been constructed and its tojiics selected and written. Simplicity, perspicuity,
conciseness and accuracy have been the dominant aims and rules of its editors and writers.
The supreme mission of the book is to record, fairly and truthfully, historical facts; facts of
the earlier and later history of the State, and drawn from the almost innumerable sources
connected with that history; facts of interest to the great l>ody of our people, as well as to
scholars, officials, and other special classes; a book convenient for reference in the school,
the office, and the home. Hence, no attempt at fine writing, no labored, irrelevant and



4 PREFACE.

long-di-awn accounts of matters, persons or things, which really need but a few plain words
for their adequate elucidation, will be found in its pages. On the other hand, perspicuity
and fitting development are never intentionally sacrificed to mere conciseness and brevity.
Whenever a subject, from its nature, demands a more elaborate treatment — and there are
many of this character — it is handled accordingly.

As a rule, the method pursued is the separate and topical, rather than the chronological,
as being more satisfactory and convenient for reference. That is, each toi^ic is considered
separately and exhaustively, instead of being blended, chronologically, with others. To jjass
from subject to ' subject, in the mere arbitrary order of time, is to sacrifice simplicity and
order to complexity and confusion.

Absolute freedom from error or defect in all cases, in handling so many thousands of
items, is not claimed, and could not reasonably be expected of any finite intelligence; since,
in complicated cases, some element may possibly elude its sharpest scrutiny. But every
statement of fact, made herein without qualification, is believed to be strictly correct, and
the statistics of the volume, as a whole, are submitted to its readers with entire confidence.

Considerable space is also devoted to biogi'aphical sketches of jjersons deemed worthy of
mention, for their close relations to the State in some of its varied interests, political, gov-
ernmental, financial, social, religious, educational, industrial, commercial, economical, mili-
tary, judicial or otherwise; or for their supposed personal deservings in other respects. It
is believed that the extensive recognition of such individuals, by the publishers, will not be
disapproved or regretted by the public ; that personal biography has an honored, useful and
legitimate place in such a history of Illinois as this volume aims to be, and that the omission
of such a department would seriously detract from the completeness and value of the book.
Perhaps no more delicate and difficult task has confronted the editors and publishers than
the selection of names for this part of the work.

While it is believed that no unworthy name has a place in the list, it is freely admitted
that there may be many others, equally or possibly even more worthy, whose names do not
appear, partly for lack of defihite and adequate information, and partly because it was not
best to materially increase the space devoted to this class of topics.

And so, with cordial thanks to the publishers for the risks they have so cheerfully
in this enterprise, for their business energy, integrity, and determination, and their
uniform kindness and courtesy ; to the many who have so generously and helpfully promoted
the success of the work, by their contributions of valuable information, interesting reminis-
cences, and rare incidents; to Mr. Paul Selby, the very able associate editor, to whom
especial honor and credit are due for his most efficient, intelligent and scholarly services; to
Hon. Hai-vey B. Hard, Walter B. Wines, and to all others who have, by word or act,
encouraged us in this enterprise — with gTateful recognition of all these friends and helpers,
the Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, with its thousands of topics and many thousands of
details, items and incidents, is now respectfully submitted to the good iieople of the State,
for whom it has been prepared, in the earnest hope and confident belief that it will be found
instructive, convenient and useful for the purposes for which it was designed.




tj)M



P 1{ E F A T O K Y 8 T A T E M E N T .



Since the bulk of the matter contained in this volume was practically completed and
ready for the press, Dr. Kewton Bateman, who occupied the relation to it of editor-in-chief,
has piissed beyond the sphere of mortal existence. In placing the work before the public, it
therefore devolves uiion the undersigned to make this last prefatory statement.

As explained by Dr. Bateman in his preface, the object had in view in the preparation
of a "Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois" has been to present, in compact and concise form,
the leading facts of Territorial and State history, from the arrival of the earliest French
explorers in Illinois to the present time. This has included an outline history of the State,
under the title, "Illinois,"' supplemented by special iu-ticles relating to various crises and eras
in State history; changes in form of government and administration; the history of Consti-
tutional Conventions and Legislative Assemblies ; the various wars in which Illinoisans have
taken part, with a summary of the principal events in the history of individual military
organizations engaged in the Civil War of 1S61-65, and the War of ISOSwith Spain; lists of
State officers, United States Senators and Members of Congi-ess, with the terms of. each; the
organization and development of political divisions; the establishment of charitable and
educational institutions; the growth of public improvements and other enterprises which
have marked the progress of the State; natural features and resources; the history of early
newspapers, and the growth of religious denominations, together with general statistical
information and unusual or extraordinary occurrences of a local or general State character —
all arranged under topical heads, and convenient for ready reference by all seeking informa-
tion on these subjects, whether in the family, in the office of the professional or business
man, in the teacher's study and the school-room, or in the public library.

While individual, or collected biogi'aphies of the public men of Illinois have not been
wholly lacking or few in number — and those already in existence have a present and con-
stantly increasing value — they have been limited, for the most part, to special localities and
particular periods or classes. Rich as the annals of Illinois are Iti the records and character
of its distinguished citizens who, by their services in the public councils, upon the judicial
bench and in the executive chair, in the forum and in the field, have reflected honor upon
the State and the Nation, there has been hitherto no comprehensive attempt to gather
together, in one volume, sketches of those who have been conspicuous in the creation and
upbuilding of the State. The collection of material of this sort has been a task requiring
patient and laborious research ; and, while all may not have been achieved in this direction
that was desirable, owing to the insufficiency or total absence of data relating to the lives of
many men most prominent in public affairs during the period to which they belonged, it is
still believed that what has been accomplished will be found of permanent value and be
appreciated by those most deeply interested in this phase of State history.

The large number of topics treated has made brevity ajid conciseness an indisjicnsable
feature of the work; consequently there has been no attempt to indulge in graces of style or



6 PEEFATOEY STATEMENT.

elaboration of narrative. The object has been to present, in simple language and concise
form, facts of history of interest or value to those who may choose to consult its pages.
Absolute inerrancy is not claimed for every detail of the work, but no pains has been
spared, and every available authority consulted, to arrive at complete accuracy of statement.
In view of the important bearing which railroad enterprises have had upon the extraor-
dinary development of tho State within the past fifty years, considerable space has been given
to this department, especially with reference to the older lines of railroad whose history has
been intimately interwoven with that of the State, and its jjrogress in wealth and iDopulation.
In addition to the acknowledgments made by Dr. Bateman, it is but proper that I
should express my personal obligations to the late Prof. Samuel M. Inglis, State Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction, and his assistant, Prof. J. H. Freeman; to ex-Senator John
M. Palmer, of Springfield ; to the late Hon. Joseph Medill, editor of "The Chicago Tribune" ;
to the Hon. James B. Bradwell, of "The Chicago Legal ISi^ews"; to Gen. Green B. Eaum,
Dr. Samuel Willard, and Dr. Garrett Newkirk, of Chicago (the latter as author of the prin-
cipal portions of the article on the "Underground Eailroad") ; to the Librarians of the State
Historical Library, the Chicago Historical Library, and the Chicago Public Library, for
special and valuable aid rendered, as well as to a large circle of correspondents in different
parts of the State who have courteously responded to requests for information on special
topics, and have thereby materially aided in securing whatever success may have been
attained in the work.

In conclusion, I cannot omit to pay this final tribute to the memory of my friend and
associate. Dr. Bateman, whose death, at his home in Galesburg, on October 21, 1897, was
deplored, not only by his associates in the Faculty of Knox College, his former pupils and
immediate neighbors, but by a large circle of friends in all parts of the State.

Although his labors as editor of this volume had been substantially finished at the time
of his death (and they included the reading and revision of every line of copy at that time
prepared, comprising the larger proportion of the volume as it now goes into the hands of
the public), the enthusiasm, zeal and kindly appreciation of the labor of others which he
brought to the discharge of his duties, have been sadly missed in the last stages of prepara-
tion of the work for the press. In the estimation of many who have held his scholarship
and his splendid endowments of mind and character in the highest admiration, his con-
nection with the work will be its strongest commendation and the surest evidence of its
merit.

With myself, the most substantial satisfaction I liave in dismissing the volume from my
hands and submitting it to the judgment of the public, exists in the fact that, in its prepara-
tion, I have been associated with such a co-laborer — one whose abilities commanded uni-
versal respect, and whose genial, scholarly character and noble qualities of mind and heart
won the love and confidence of all with whom he came in contact, and whom it had been my
privilege to count as a friend from an early period in his long and useful career.




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Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 1 of 207)