Newton Bateman.

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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meanwhile spending most of his time in Scotland,
but, returning in 18G0, made extensive invest-
ments in railroad and other American securities,
which netted him large profits. The amount of
capital which he is reputed to have taken with
him to his native land has been estimated at
$10,000,000. though he retained considerable
tracts of valuable lands in Wisconsin and about
Chicago. Among those who were associated
with him in business, either as employes or
otherwise, and who have since been prominently
identified with Chicago business affairs, were
Hon. Charles B. Farwell, E. I. Tinkham (after-
wards a prominent banker of Chicago), E. W.
Willard, now of Newport, R. I., and others. Mr.
Smith made several visits, during the last forty



years, to the United States, but divided his time
chiefly between Scotland (where he was the
owner of a castle) and London. Died Oct. 7, 1899.

SMITH, George W., soldier, lawyer and State
Treasurer, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan.
8, 1837. It was his intention to acquire a col-
legiate education, but his father's business
embarrassments having compelled the abandon-
ment of his studies, at 17 of years age he went
to Arkansas and taught school for two years. In
1856 he returned to Albany and began the study
of law, graduating from the law school in 1858.
In October of that year he removed to Chicago,
where he remained continuously in practice, witli
the exception of the years 1863-65, when he was
serving in the Union army, and 1867-68, when he
filled the office of State Treasurer. He was mus-
tered into service, August 57. 1862, as a Captain in
the Eighty-eighth Illinois Infantry — the second
Board of Trade regiment. At Stone River, he
was seriously wounded and captured. After
four days' confinement, he was aided by a negro
to escape. He made his way to the Union lines,
but was granted leave of absence, being incapaci-
tated for service. On his return to duty he
joined his regiment in the Chattanooga cam-
paign, and was officially complimented for Ids
bravery at Gordon's Mills. At Mission Ridge he
was again severely wounded, and was once more
personally complimented in the official report.
At Kenesaw Mountain (June 21. 1864), Capt.
Smith commanded the regiment after the killing
of Lieutenant-Colonel Chandler, and was pro-
moted to a Lieutenant-Colonelcy for bravery on
the field. He led the cliarge at Franklin, and
was brevetted Colonel, and thanked by the com-
mander for his gallant service. In the spring nf
1865 he was brevetted Brigadier-General, and. in
June following, was mustered out. Returning
to Chicago, he resumed the practice of his pro-
fession, and gained a prominent position at the
bar. In 1866 he was elected State Treasurer, and,
after the expiration of his term, in January,
1869, held no public office. General Smith was,
for many years, a Trustee of the Chicago Histor-
ical Society, and Vice-President of the Board.
Died, in Chicago, Sept. 16, 1898.

SMITH, George W., lawyer and Congressman,
was born in Putnam County, Ohio, AugiLst 18,
1846. When he was four years old, his father
removed to Wayne County, 111., settling on a
farm. He attended the common schools and
graduated from the literary department of Mi-
Kendree College, at Lebanon, in 1868. In his
youth he learned the trade of a blacksmith, but



486



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



later determined to study law. After reading for
a time at Fairfield, 111., he entered the Law
Department of the Bloomington (Ind.) Univer-
sity, graduating there in 1870. The same year he
was admitted to the bar in Illinois, and has since
])racticed at Murphysboro. In 1880 he was a
Republican Presidential Elector, and, in 1888, was
elected a Republican Representative to Congress
from the Twentieth Illinois District, and has
been continuously re-elected, now (1899) serving
his sixth consecutive term as Representative
from the Twenty-second Distric^t.

SMITH, Uiles Alexander, soldier, and Assist-
ant Postmaster-General, was born in Jefferson
County, N. Y., Sept. 39, 1829; engaged in dry-
goods business in Cincinnati and Bloomington,
111., in 1861 being proprietor of a hotel in the
latter place; became a Captain in the Eighth
Missouri Volunteers, was engaged at Forts Henry
and Donelson. Shiloh and Corinth, and promoted
Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel in 1863 ; led his
regiment on the first attack on Vicksburg, and
was severely wounded at Arkansas Post ; was pro-
moted Brigadier-General in August, 1863, for
gallant and meritorious conduct; led a brigade
of the Fifteenth Army Corps at Chattanooga and
Missionary Ridge, as also in the Atlanta cam-
I)aign, and a division of the Seventeenth Corps in
the "March to the Sea."' After the surrender of
Lee he was transferred to the Twenty-fifth Army
Corps, became Major-General in 1865, and
resigned in 1866, having declined a commission
as Colonel in the regular army ; about 1869 was
ajipoiuted. by President Grant, Second Assistant
Postmaster-General, but resigned on account of
failing health in 1873. Died, at Bloomington,
Nov. 8, 1876. General Smith was one of the
founders of the Society of the Army of the
Tennessee.

SMITH, (liustavns Adolphns, soldier, was born
in Philadelphia, Dec. 36, 1830; at 16 joined two
brothers who had located at Springfield, Ohio,
where he learned the trade of a carriage-maker.
In December, 1837, he arrived at Decatur, 111.,
but soon after located at Springfield, where he
resided some six years. Then, returning to
Decatur, he devoted his attention to carriage
manufacture, doing a large business with the
South, but losing heavily as the result of the
war. An original Whig, he became a Democrat
on the dissolution of the Whig party, but early
took gi-ound in favor of the Union after the firing
on Fort Sumter; was offered and accepted the
colonelcy of the Thirty-fifth Regiment lUinois
Volunteers, at the same time assisting Governor



Yates in the ^election of Camp Butler as a camp
of recruiting and instruction. Having been
assigned to duty in Missouri, in the summer of
1861, he proceeded to Jefferson City, joined Fre-
mont at Carthage in that State, and made a
forced march to Springfield, afterwards taking
part in the campaign in Arkansas and in the
battle of Pea Ridge, where he had a horse shot
under him and was severely (and, it was supposed,
fatally) wounded, not recovering until 1868.
Being compelled to return home, he received
authority to raise an independent brigade, but
was unable to accompany it to the field. In Sep-
tember, 1863, he was commissioned a Brigadier-
General by President Lincoln, "for meritorious
conduct," but was unable to enter into active
service on account of his wound. Later, he was
assigned to the command of a convalescent camp
at Murfreesboro, Tenn., under Gen. George H.
Thomas. In 1864 he took part in securing the
second election of President Lincoln, and, in the
early part of 1865, was commissioned by Gov-
ernor Oglesby Colonel of a new regiment (the
One Hundred and Fifty-fifth Illinois), but, on
account of his wounds, was assigned to court-
luartial duty, remaining in tlie service until
January, 1866, when he was mustered out with
the brevet rank of Brigadier-General. During
the second year of his service he was presented
with a magnificent sword by the rank and file of
his regiment (the Thirty-fifth), for brave and gal-
lant conduct at Pea Ridge. After retiring from
the army, he engaged in cotton planting in Ala-
bama, but was not successful ; in 1868, canvassed
Alabama for General Grant for President, but
declined a nomination in his own favor for Con-
gress. In 1870 he was appointed, by General
Grant, United States Collection and Disbursing
Agent for the District of New Mexico, where he
continued to reside.

SMITH, John Corson, soldier, ex-Lieutenant -
Governor and ex-State Treasurer, was born in
Philadelphia. Feb. 13, 1833. At the age of 16 he
was apprenticed to a carpenter and builder. In
1854 he came to Chicago, and worked at his trade,
for a time, but soon removed to Galena, where he
finally engaged in business as a contractor. In
1863 he enlisted as a private in the Seventy-fourth
Illinois Volunteers, but, having received author-
ity from Governor Yates, raised a company, of
which he was chosen Captain, and which was
incorporated in the Ninety-sixth Illinois Infan-
try. Of this regiment he was soon elected Major.
After a short service about Cincinnati, Ohio,
and Covington and Newport, Ky., the Ninety-



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



487



sixth was sent to the front, and took part (among
other battles) in the second engagement at Fort
Donelson and in the bloody fight at Franklin,
Tenn. Later, Major Smith was assigned to staff
duty under Generals Baird and Steedman, serv-
ing through the TuUahoma campaign, and par-
ticipating in the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout
Mountain and Missionary Ridge. Being promoted
to a Lieutenant-Colonelcy, he rejoined his regi-
ment, and was given command of a brigade. In
tlie Atlanta campaign he served gallantly, tak-
ing a conspicuous part in its long series of bloody
engagements, and being severely wounded at
Kenesaw Mountain. In February, 186.5, he was
brevetted Colonel, and, in June, 186.5, Brigadier-
General. Soon after his return to Galena he was
appointed Assistant Assessor of Internal Revenue,
but was legislated out of office in 1872. In 1873
he removed to Chicago and embarked in business.
In 1874-76 he was a member (and Secretary) of
the Illinois Board of Commissioners to the Cen-
tennial Exposition at Philadelphia. In 1875 he
was appointed Chief Grain-Inspector at Chicago,
and held the office for several years. In 1873 and
"76 he was a delegate to the National Republican
Conventions of those years, and, in 1878, was
elected State Treasurer, as he was again in 1882.
In 1884 he was elected Lieutenant-Governor, serv-
ing until 18f



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 102 of 207)