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been intimately associated in the purchase and
settlement of the Miami Valley. In 1800 he
removed to Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1803 to
Greene County, and, in 1818. in company with his
son-in-law. Anthony Wayne Casad, to St. (/lair
County, 111., settling near Union Grove. Later, he
removed to O'Fallon, and, still later, to Clinton
County. He left a large family, several members
of which became prominent pioneers in the
movements toward Minnesota and Kansas.

STOLBRAND, Carlos John Mueller, soldier,
was born in Sweden, May 11. 1821 ; at the age of
18, enlisted in the Royal Artillery of his native
land, serving through the camjiaign of Schleswig-
Holstein (1848): came to the United States soon
after, and. m 1861. enlisted in tlie Hr.st battalion
of Illinois Light Artillery, finally becoming Chief
of Artillery under Gen. John A. Logan. When
the latter became commander of the Fifteenth
Army Corps. Col. Stolbrand was placed at the
head of the artillery brigade; in February. 186.'),
was made Brigadier-General, and mustered out
in January. 1860. After the war he went South,
and was Secretary of the South Carolina Consti-
tutional Convention of 1868. The same year he
was a delegate to the Republican National Con-
vention at Chicago, and a Presidential Elector.
He was an inventor and patented various im-
jirovements in steam engines and boilers; was
also Superintendent of Public Buildings at
Charleston. S. C, under President Harrison.
Dieil, at Charleston, Feb. 3, 1894.

STONE, Daniel, early lawyer and legislator,
was a native of Vermont and graduate of Middle-
bury College; became a member of the Spring-
held (111.) bar in 1833, and. in 1836, was elected
to the General Assembly — being one of the cele-
brated "liong Nine" from Sangamon County, and
joining Abraham Lincoln in his protest against
a series of pro-slavery resolutions which had been
.-idopted by the House. In 1837 he was a Circuit
t^ourt Judge and, being assigned to the north-
western part of the State, removed to Galena,
liut was legislated out of oflSce. when he left the
State, dying a few years later, in Essex County,
N. J. "

STONE, Horatio 0., pioneer, was born in
Ontario (now Monroe) County, N. Y., Jan. 2,



1811 ; in boyhood learned the trade of shoemaker,
and later acted as overseer of laborers on the
Lackawanna Canal. In 1831, having located in
Wayne County, Mich., he was drafted for the
Black Hawk War, serving twenty-two days under
Gen. Jacob Brown. In January, 1835, he came
to Chicago and, having made a fortunate specu-
lation in real estate in that early day, a few
months later entered upon the grocery and pro-
vision trade, which he afterwards extended to
grain ; finally giving his chief attention to real
estate, in which he was remarkably successful,
leaving a large fortune at his death, which
occurred in Chicago, June 20, 1877.

STONE, (Rev.) Luther, Baptist clergyman,
was born in the town of Oxford, Worcester
County, JIass., Sept. 26, 181.'), and spent his boy-
hood on a farm. After acquiring a common
school education, he prejjared for college at Lei-
cester Academy, and, in 1835, entered Brown
University, graduating in the class of 1839. He
then spent three years at the Theological Insti-
tute at Newton, Mass. ; was ordained to the
ministry at Oxford, in 1843, but, coming west the
next year, entered upon evangelical work in
Rock Island, Davenport, Burlington and neigh-
boring towns. Later, he was pastor of the First
Baptist Church U Rockford. 111. In 1847 Mr.
Stone came to Chicago and established "The
Watchman of the Prairies." which survives to-
day under the name of "The Standard," and has
become the leading Baptist organ in the West.
After six years of editorial work, he took up
evangelistic work in Chicago, among the poor
and criminal classes. During the Civil War he
conducted religious services at Camp Douglas,
Soldiers" Rest and the Marine Hospital. He was
associated in the conduct and promotion of many
educational and charitable institutions. He did
much for the First Baptist Church of Chicago,
and, during the latter years of his Hfe, was
attached to the Immanuel Baptist Church,
which he labored to establish. Died, in July,
1890.

STONE, MelYllIe E., journalist, banker. Man-
ager ot Associated Press, born at Hudson, 111.,
August 18, 1848. Coming to Chicago in 1860, he
graduated from the local high school in 1867,
and, in 1870, acquired the sole proprietorship of
a foundry and machine shop. Finding himself
without resources after the great fire of 1871, he
embarked in journalism, rising, through the suc-
cessive grades of reporter, city editor, assistant
editor and Washington correspondent, to the
position of editor-in-chief of his own journal.



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HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



He was connected with various Chicago dailies
between 1871 and 1875, and, on Christmas Day
of the latter year, issued the first number of "The
Chicago Daily News." He gradually disposed of
his interest in this journal, entirely severing
his connection therewith in 1888. Since that
date he has been engaged in banking in the city
of Chicago, and is also General Manager of the
Associated Press.

STONE, Samuel, philanthropist, was born at
Chesterfield, Mass., Dec. 6, 1798; left an orphan
at seven years of age, after a short term in Lei-
cester Academy, and several years in a wholesale
store in Boston, at the age of 19 removed to
Rochester, N. Y., to take charge of interests in
the "Holland Purchase," belonging to his father's
estate ; in 1843-49, was a resident of [Detroit and
interested in some of the early railroad enter-
prises centering there, but the latter year re-
moved to Milwaukee, being there associated with
Ezra Cornell in telegraph construction. In 1859
he became a citizen of Chicago, where he was
one of the founders of the Chicago Historical
Society, and a liberal patron of many enterprises
of a public and benevolent character. Died, May
4, 1876.

STONE FORT, a village in the southwest cor-
ner of Saline County, on the Cairo Division of the
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Rail-
way, 60 miles northeast of Cairo. Population,
464.

STOREY, Wilbur F., journalist and news-
paper publisher, was born at Salisbury, Vt., Dec.
19, 1819. He began to learn the printer's trade
at 12, and, before he was 19, was part owner of a
Democratic paper called "The Herald," published
at La Porte, Ind. Later, he either edited or con-
trolled journals published at Mishawaka, Ind.,
and Jackson and Detroit, Mich. In January,
1861, he became the principal owner of "The
Chicago Times," then the leading Democratic
organ of Chicago. His paper soon came to be
regarded as the organ of the anti-war party
throughout the Northwest, and, in June, 1863,
was suppressed by a military order issued by
General Burnside, which was subsequently
revoked by President Lincoln. The net result
was an increase in "The Times' " notoriety and
circulation. Other charges, of an equally grave
nature, relating to its sources of income, its char-
acter as a family newspaper, etc. , were repeatedly
made, but to all these Mr. Storey turned a deaf
ear. He lost heavily in the fire of 1871, but, in
1878, appeared as the editor of "The Times,"
then destitute of poUtical ties. About 1876 his



health began to decline. Medical aid failed to
afford relief, and, in August, 1884, he was ad-
judged to be of unsound mind, and his estate was
placed in the hands of a conservator. On the
27th of the following October (1884), he died at
his home in Chicago.

STORRS, Emery Alexander, lawyer, was born
at Hinsdale, Cattaraugus County, N. Y., August
12, 1835 ; began the study of law with his father,
later pursued a legal course at Buffalo, and, in
1853, was admitted to the bar; spent two years
(1857-59) in New York City, the latter year re-
moving to Chicago, where he attained great
prominence as an advocate at the bar, as well as
an orator on other occasions. Politically a
Republican, he took an active part in Presidential
campaigns, being a delegate-at-large from Illinois
to the National Republican Conventions of 1868,
'72, and '80, and serving as one of the 'Vice-Presi-
dents in 1872. Erratic in habits and a master of
epigram and repartee, many of his speeches are
quoted with relish and appreciation by those wlio
were his contemporaries at the Chicago bar.
Died suddenly, while in attendance on the Su-
preme Court at Ottawa, Sept. 12, 1885.

STRAWN, Jacob, agriculturist and stock-
dealer, born in Somerset County, Pa., May 30,
1800; removed to Licking County, Ohio, in 1817,
and to Illinois, in 1831, settling four miles south-
west of Jacksonville. He was one of the first to
demonstrate the possibilities of Illinois as a live-
stock state. Unpretentious and despising mere
show, he illustrated the virtues of industry, fru-
gality and honesty. At his death — which occurred
August 23, 1865 — he left an estate estimated in
value at some §2,000,000, acquired bj' industry
and business enterprise. He was a zealous
Unionist during the war, at one time contributing
810,000 to the Christian Commission.

STREATOR, a city (laid out in 1868 and incor-
porated in 1882) in the southern part of La Salle
County, 93 miles southwest of Chicago ; situated
on the "Vermilion River and a central point for
five railroads. It is surrounded by a rich agri-
cultural cbuntry, and is iinderlaid by coal seams
(two of which are worked) and by shale and
various clay products of value, adapted to tlie
manufacture of fire and building-brick, drain-
pipe, etc. The city is thoroughly modern, having
gas, electric Ughting, street railways, water-
works, a good fire-department, and a large, im-
proved public park. Churches and schools are
numerous, as are also fine public and private
buildings. One of the chief industries is the
manufacture of glass, including rolled-plate.



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



oil



window-glass, flint and Bohemian ware and glass
bottles. Other successful industries are foundries
and machine shops, flour mills, and clay working
establishments. There are several banks, and
three daily and weekly papers are published here.
The estimated property valuation, in 1884, was
$13,000,000. The Fifty -fifth Congre.ss made an
appropriation for the erection of a Government
post-office building in Streator. Population
(1880). 5,157; (1890), 11,414; (1894), estimated,
15,000.

STREET, Joseph M., pioneer and early politi-
cian, settled at Shawneetown about 1812, coming
from Kentucky, though believed to have been a
native of Eastern Virginia. In 1827 he was a
Brigadier-General of militia, and appears to have
been prominent in the affairs of that section of
the State. His correspondence with Governor
Edwards, about this time, shows him to have been
a man of far more than ordinary education, with
a good opinion of his merits and capabilities. He
was a most persistent applicant for office, making
urgent appeals to Governor Edwards, Henry Clay
and other politicians in Kentucky, Virginia and
Washington, on the ground of his poverty and
large family. In 1827 he received the offer of
the clerkship of the new county of Peoria, but,
on visiting that region, was disgusted with the
prospect; returning to Shawneetown, bought a
farm in Sangamon Count}', but, before the close
of the year, was appointed Indian Agent at
Prairie du Chien. This was during the difficul-
ties with the Winnebago Indians, upon which he
made voluminous reports to the Secretary of
War. Mr. Street was a son-in-law of Gen.
Thomas Posey, a Revolutionary soldier, who was
prominent in the early history of Indiana and its
last Territorial Governor. (See Posey, (Gfn.)
Thomas.)

STREETER, Alson J., farmer and poHtidan,
was born in Rens.selaer County, N. Y. , in 1823;
at the age of two years accompanied his father to
Illinois, the family settling at Dixon, Lee County,
He attended Knox College for three years, and,
in 1849, went to California, where he spent two
years in gold mining. Returning to Illinois, lie
purchased a farm of 240 acres near New Windsor,
Mercer County, to which he has since added sev-
eral thousand acres. In 1872 he was elected to
the lower house of the Twenty-eighth General
Assembly as a Democrat, but, in 1873, allied liim-
self with the Greenback party, whose candidate
for Congress he was in 1878, and for Governor in
1880, when he received nearly 3.000 votes more
than his party's Presidential nominee, in Illinois.



In 1884 he was elected State Senator by a coali-
tion of Greeubackers and Democrats in the
Twenty-fourth Senatorial District, but acted as
an independent throughout liis entire term.

STRONG, William Emerson, soldier, was born
at Granville. N. Y.. in 1840; from 13 years of age,
spent his early life in Wisconsin, studied law and
was admitted to the bar at Racine in 1861. Tlie
same year he enlisteil under the first call for
troops, took part, as Captain of a Wisconsin Com-
pany, in the first battle of Bull Run; was
afterwards promoted and assigned to duty as
Inspector-General in the West, participated in
the Vicksburg and Atlanta campaigns, being
finally advanced to tlie rank of Brigadier-Gen-
eral. After some fifteen months spent in the
position of Inspector-General of tlie Freedmen's
Bureau (186.5-66), he located in Cliicago, and
became connected with several important busi-
ness enterprises, besides assisting, as an officer on
the staff of Governor CuUom, in the organization
of the Illinois National Guard. He was elected
on the first Board of Directors of the World's
Columbian Exposition, and, while making a tour
of Europe in tlie interest of that enterprise, died,
at Florence, Italy. April 10, 1891.

STUART, John Todd, lawyer and Congress-
man, born near Lexington, Ky., Nov. 10, 1807 —
the son of Robert Stuart, a Presbyterian minister
and Professor of Languages in Transylvania
University, and related, on the maternal side, to
the Todd family, of whom Mrs. Abraham Lincoln
was a member. He graduated at Centre College,
Danville, in 1826, and, after studying law, re-
moved to Springfield, 111., in 1828, and began
practice. In 1832 he was elected Representative
in the General Assembly, re-elected in 1834, and,
in 1836, defeated, as the Whig candidate for Con-
gress, byWm. L. May, though elected, two years
later, over Stephen A. Douglas, and again in 1840.
In 1837, Abraham Lincoln, who had been
.studying law under Mr. Stuart's advice and
instruction, became his partner, the relation-
ship continuing until 1841. He served in the
State Senate, 1849-.53, was the Bell-Everett
candidate for Governor in 1860, and was
elected to Congress, as a Democrat, for a third
time, in 1862, but, in 1864, was defeated by
Shelby M. Cullom, his former pupil. During the
latter years of his life, Mr. Stuart was head of the
law firm of Stuart, Edwards & Brown. Died, at
Springfield, Nov. 28. 1885.

STURGES, Solomon, merchant and banker,
was born at Fairfield, Conn., April 21, 1796, early
manifested a passion for the sea and, in 1810,



513



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



made a voyage, on a vessel of which his brother
was captain, from New York to Georgetown,
D. C, intending to continue it to Lisbon. At
Georgetown he was induced to accept a position
as clerk with a Mr. Williams, where he was
associated with two other youths, as fellow-em-
ployes, who became eminent bankers and
capitalists— W. W. Corcoran, afterwards the
well-known banker of Washington, and George
W. Peabody, who had a successful banking career
in England, and won a name as one of the most
liberal and public-spirited of philanthropists.
During the War of 1812 young Sturges joined a
volunteer infantry company, where he had, for
comrades, George W. Peabody and Francis S. Key,
the latter author of tlie popular national song,
"The Star Spangled Banner." In 1814 Mr.
Sturges accepted a clerkship in the store of his
brother-in-law, Ebenezer Buckingham, at Put-
nam, Muskingum County, Ohio, two years later
becoming a partner in the concern, where he
developed that business capacity which laid the
foundation for his future wealth. Before steam-
ers navigated the waters of the Ohio and Missis-
sippi Rivers, he piloted flat-boats, loaded with
produce and merchandise, to New Orleans, return-
ing overland. During one of his visits to that
city, he witnessed the arrival of the "Washing-
ton," the first steamer to descend the Mississippi,
as, in 1817, he .saw the arrival of the "Walk-in-
tlie- Water" at Detroit, the first steamer to arrive
from Buffalo — the occasion of his visit to Detroit
being to carry funds to General Cass to pay off
the United States troops. -About 1849 he was
associated with the construction of the Wabash
& Erie Canal, from the Ohio Eiver to Terre Haute,
Ind., advancing money for the prosecution of the
work, for which was reimbursed by the State. In
1854 he came to Chicago, and, in partnership
with his brothers-in-law, C. P. and Alvah Buck-
ingham, erected the first large grain-elevator in
that city, on land leased from the Illinois Central
Railroad Company, following it, two years later,
by another of equal capacity. For a time, sub-
stantially all the grain coming into Chicago, by
railroad, passed into these elevators. In 1857 he
established the private banking house of Solomon
Sturges & Sons, which, shortly after his death,
imder the management of his son, George Stur-
ges, became the Northwestern National Bank of
Chicago. He was intensely patriotic and, on the
breaking out of the War of the Rebellion, iised
of his means freely in support of the Govern-
ment, equipping the Sturges Rifles, an independ-
ent company, at a cost of $20,000. He was also a



subscriber to the first loan made by the Govern-
ment, during this period, taking §100,000 in
Government bonds. While devoted to his busi-
ness, he was a hater of shams and corruption, and
contributed freely to Christian and benevolent
enterprises. Died, at the home of a daughter, at
Zanesville, Ohio, Oct. 14, 1864, leaving a large
fortune acquired by legitimate trade.

STURTETANT, Julian Munson, D.D., LL.D.,
clergyman and educator, was born at Warren,
Litchfield Coimty, Conn., July 36, 1805; spent his
youth in Summit County, Ohio, meanwhile pre-
paring for college; in 1822, entered Yale College
as the classmate of the celebrated EUzur Wright,
graduating in 1826. After two years as Princi-
l)al of an academy at Canaan, Conn., he entered
Yale Divinity School, graduating there in 1829;
then came west, and, after spending a year in
superintending the erection of buildings, in De-
cember, 1830, as sole tutor, began instruction to i>
class of nine pupils in what is now Illinois Col-
lege, at Jacksonville. Having been joined, the
following year, b}- Dr. Edward Beecher as Presi-
dent, Mr. Sturtevant assumed the chair of Mathe-
matics, Natural Philosophy and Astronomy,
which he retained until 1844, when, by the
retireme^t of Dr. Beecher, he succeeded to the
offices of President and Professor of Intellectual
and Moral Philosophy. Here he labored, inces-
santly and unselfishly, as a teacher during term
time, and, as financial agent during vacations,
in the interest of the institution of which he had
been one of the chief founders, serving until 1876,
when he resigned the Presidency, giving his
attention, for the next ten years, to the duties of
Professor of Mental Science and Science of Gov-
ernment, which he had discharged from 1870.
In 1886 he retired from the institution entirely,
having given to its service fifty-six years of his
life. In 1863, Dr. Sturtevant visited Europe in
the interest of the Union cause, delivering effec-
tive addresses at a number of points in England.
He was a frequent contributor to the weekly
religious and periodical press, and was the author
of "Economics, or the Science of Wealth" (1876)
— a text-book on political economy, and "Keys
of Sect, or the Church of the New Testament"
(1879), besides frequently occupying the pulpits
of local and distant churches — having been early
ordained a Congregational minister. He received
the degree of D.D. from the University of Mis-
souri and that of LL.D. from Iowa University.
Died, in Jacksonville, Feb. 11, 1886.— Julian M.
(Sturtevant), Jr., son of the preceding, was born
at Jacksonville, 111., Feb. 2, 1834; fitted for col-



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



,513



lege in the preparatory department of Illinois
College and graduated from the college (proper)
in 1834. After leaving college lie served as
teacher in the Jacksonville public schools one
year, then spent a year as tutor in Illinois Col-
lege, when he began the study of theology at
Andover Theological Seminary, graduating there
ill 1859, meanwhile having discharged the duties
of Chaplain of the Connecticut State's prison in
1858. He was ordained a minister of the Con-
gregational Church at Hannibal, Mo., in 1860,
remaining as pastor in that city nine years. He
has since been engaged in pastoral work in New
York City (1869-70), Ottawa, 111., (1870-73); Den-
ver, Colo., (1873-77); Grinnell, Iowa, (1877-84);
Cleveland, Ohio, (1884-90); Galesburg, lU.,
(1890-93), and Aurora, (1893-97). Since leaving
the Congregational church at Aurora, Dr. Sturte-
vant has been engaged in pastoral work in Chi-
cago. He was also editor of "The Congrega-
tionalist" of Iowa (1881-84), and. at different
periods, has served as Trustee of Colorado,
Marietta and Knox Colleges; being still an
honored member of the Knox College Board.
He received the degree of D.D. from Illinois
College, in 1879.

SUBLETTE, a station and village on tlie Illi-
jiois Central Railroad, in Lee County, 8 miles
northwest of Mendota. Population, 452.

SUFFRAliE, in general, the right or privilege
of voting. The quaUtications of electors (or
voters), in the choice of public officers in Illinois,
are fixed by the State Constitution (Art. VII.).
except as to school officers, which are prescribed
by law. Under tlie State Constitution the exer-
cise of the right to vote is limited to persons who
were electors at the time of the adoption of the
Constitution of 1848, or who are native or natu-
ralized male citizens of the United States, of the
age of 21 years or over, who have been residents
of the State one year, of the county ninety days,
and of the district (or precinct) in wliich they
offer to vote, 30 days. Under an act passed in
1891, women, of 21 years of age and upwards, are
entitled to vote for school officers, and are also
eligible to such offices under the .same conditions,
as to age and residence, as male citizens. (See
BRections; Australian Ballot. )

SULLIVAN, a city and county-seat of Moultrie
County, 25 miles southeast of Decatur and 14
miles northwest of Mattoon ; is on three lines of
railway. It is in an agricultural and stock-raising
region; contains two State banks and three
weekly newspapers. Population (1880), 1,305;
(1890), 1,468.



SULLIVAX, William K., journalist, was born
at AVaterford, Ireland, Nov. 10, 1843; educated at
tlie Waterford Model School and in Dublin ; came
to the United States in 1803, and, after teaching
for a time in Kane County, in 1804 enlisted in the
One Hundred and Forty-first Regiment Illinois
Volunteers. Then, after a brief season spent in
teaching and on a visit to liis native land, he
began work as a reporter on New York papers,
later being employed on "Tlie Chicago Tribune"
and "The Evening Journal." on the latter, at
different times, holding the position of city edi-
tor, managing editor and correspondent. He
was also a Representative from Cook County in
the Twenty-seventh General Assembly, for three
years a member of the Chicago Board of Edu-
cation, and appointed United States Consul to the
Bermudas by President Harrison, resigning in
1892. Died, in Chicago, January 17, 1899.

SULLIVAIVT, Miciiael Lucas, agriculturist,
was born at Franklinton (a suburb of Columbus,
Oliio), August 6, 1807; was educated at Ohio
University and Centre College, Ky., and— after
being engaged in the improvement of an immense
tract of land inlierited from his father near his
birth-place, devoting much attention, meanwhile,
to the raising of impro^'ed stock — in 1854 .sold his
Ohio lands and bought 80,000 acres, chiefly in
Champaign and Piatt Counties, 111., where he
began farming on a larger scale than before. The
enterprise proved a financial failure, an



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 107 of 207)