Newton Bateman.

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

. (page 116 of 207)
Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 116 of 207)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


played in the contest was conspicuous for patriot-
ism, promptness in response to every call, and
the bravery and efficiency of its troops in the
field — reflecting honor upon the State and its his-
tory. Nor were its loyal citizens — who, while
staying at home, furnished moral and material
support to the men at the front — less worthy of
praise than those wlio volunteered. By uphold-
ing the Government — National and State — -and
by their zeal and energy in collecting and sending
forward immense (juantities of supplies— surgical,
medical and other— often at no little sacrifice,
they contributed much to the success of the
Union arms. (See also Camp Douglas; Camp
Douglas Conspiracy: Secret Treasonable Soci-
eties. )

WAR OF THE REBELLION (History of Illi
Nois Regiments). The following is a list of the
various military organizations mustered into the
service during the Civil War (1861-65), with the
terms of service and a summary of the more
important events in the history of each, while
in the field :

Seventh Infantry. Illinois having sent six
regiments to the Mexican War, by courtesy the
numbering of the regiments which took part in
the war for the Union began with number
Seven, A number of regiments which responded
to the first call of the President, claimed the right
to be recognized as the first regiment in the
field, but the honor was finally accorded to that
organized at Springfield by Col. John Cook, and
hence his regiment was numbered Seventh. It
was mustered into the service, April 25, 1861, and
remained at Mound City during the three months'
service, the period of its first enlistment. It wa-s
subsequently reorganized and mustered for the
three years' service, July 25, 1861, and was
engaged in the battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh,
Corinth, Cherokee. AUatoona Pass, Salkahatchie
Swamp, Bentonville and Columl)ia. The regi-
ment re-enlisted as veterans at Pulaski, Tenn.,



552



HISTOEICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



Dec. 22, 1863; was mustered out at Louisville,
July 9, 1865, and paid off and discharged at
Springfield, July 11.

Eighth Infantry. Organized at Springfield,
and mustered in for three months' service, April
26, 1861, Richard J. Oglesby of Decatur, being
appointed Colonel. It remained at Cairo during
its term of service, when it was mustered out.
July 25, 1861, it was reorganized and mustered in
for three years' service. It participated in the
battles of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Port Gibson,
Thompson Hill, Raymond, Champion Hill, Vicks-
burg, Brownsville, and Spanish Fort ; re-enlisted
as veterans, March 24, 1864 ; was mustered out at
Baton Rouge, May 4, 1866, paid off and dis-
charged. May 13, having served five years.

Ninth Infantry. Mustered into the service
at Springfield, April 26, 1861. for the term of
three months, under Col. Eleazer A. Paine. It
was reorganized at Cairo, in August, for three
years, being composed of companies from St.
Clair, Madison, Montgomery, Pulaski, Alexander
and Mercer Counties ; was engaged at Fort Donel-
son, Shiloh, Jackson (Tenn.), Meed Creek
Swamps, Salem, Wyatt, Florence, Montezuma,
Athens and Grenada. The regiment was mounted,
March 15, 1863, and so continued during the
remainder of its service. Mustered out at Louis-
ville, July 9, 1865.

Tenth Infantry. Organized and mustered
into the service for three months, on April 29,
1861, at Cairo, and on July 29, 1861, was mustered
into the service for three years, with Col. James
D. Morgan in command. It was engaged at
Sykeston, New Madrid, Corinth, Missionary
Ridge, Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Rome, Kenesaw,
Chattahoochie, Savannah and Bentonville. Re-
enlisted as veterans, Jan. 1, 1864, and mustered
out of service, July 4, 1865, at Louisville, and
received final discharge and pay, July 11, 1865,
at Chicago.

Eleventh Infantry. Organized at Spring-
field and mustered into service, April 30, 1861,
for three months. July 30, the regiment was
mustered out, and re-enlisted for three years'
service. It was engaged at Fort Donelson,
Shiloh, Corinth, Tallahatchie, Vicksburg, Liver-
pool Heights, Yazoo City, Spanish Fort and
Fort Blakely. W. H. L. Wallace, afterwards
Brigadier-General and killed at Shiloh, was its
first Colonel. Mustered out of service, at Baton
Rouge, July 14, 1865 ; paid off and discharged at
Springfield.

Twelfth Infantry. Mustered into service
for three years, August 1, 1861 ; was engaged at



Columbus, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Lay's
Ferry, Rome Cross Roads, Dallas, Kenesaw,
Nickajack Creek, Bald Knob, Decatur, Ezra
Church, Atlanta, Allatoona and Goldsboro. On
Jan. 16, 1864, the regiment re-enlisted as veter-
ans. John McArtliur was its first Colonel, suc-
ceeded by Augustus L. Chetlain, both being
promoted to Brigadier-Generalships. Mustered
out of service at Louisville, Ky., July 10, 1865,.
and received final pay and discharge, at Spring-
field, July 18.

Thirteenth Infantry. One of the regiments
organized under the act known as the "Ten Regi-
ment Bi,Jl" ; was mustered into service on May 24,
1861, for three years, at Dixon, with John B.
Wyman as Colonel; was engaged at Chickasaw
Bayou, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg, Jackson, Mis-
sionary Ridge, Rossville and Ringgold Gap.
Mustered out at Springfield. June 18, 1864, hav-
ing served three years and two months.

Fourteenth Infantry. One of the regiments
raised under the "Ten Regiment Bill," which
anticipated the requirements of the General
Government by organizing, equipping and dril-
ling a regiment in each Congressional District in
the State for thirty days, unless sooner required
for service by the United States. It was mustered
in at Jacksonville for three years, May 25, 1861,
under command of John M. Palmer as its first
Colonel; was engaged at Shiloh, Corinth, Meta-
mora, Vicksburg, Jackson, Fort Beauregard and
Meridian ; consolidated with the Fifteenth Infan-
try, as a veteran battalion (both regiments hav-
ing enlisted as veterans), on July 1, 1864. In
October, 1864, the major part of the battalion
was captured by General Hood and sent to
Andersonville. The remainder participated in
the "March to the Sea," and through the cam-
paign in the CaroUnas. In the spring of 1865 the
battalion organization was discontinued, both
regiments having been filled up by recruits. The
regiment was mustered out at Fort Leaven-
worth, Kan., Sept. 16, 1865; and arrived at
Springfield, 111., Sept. 22, 2865, wliere it received
final payment and discharge. The aggregate
number of men who belonged to this organization
was 1,980, and the aggregate mustered out at
Fort Leavenworth, 480. During its foiir years
and four months of service, the regiment
marched 4.490 miles, traveled by rail, 2,330 miles,
and, by river, 4,490 miles — making an aggregate
of 11,670 miles.

Fifteenth Infantry. Raised under the "Ten
Regiment Act," in the (then) First Congressional
District; was organized at Freeport, and mus-



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



553



tared into service. May 24, 1861. It was engaged
at Sedalia, Shiloli, Corintli, Metaiiiora Hill,
Vicksburg, Fort Beauregard, Champion Hill,
Allatoona and Bentonville. In March, 1864, the
regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and, in July,
1864, was consolidated with the Fourteenth Infan-
try as a Veteran Battalion. At Big Shanty and
Ackworth a large portion of the battalion was
captured by General Hood. At Raleigh the
Veteran Battalion was discontinued and the
Fifteenth reorganized. From July 1. to Sept. 1,
186.5, the regiment was stationed at Forts Leaven-
worth and Kearney. Having been mustered out
at Fort Leavenwortli. it was sent to Springfield
for final payment and discharge — liaving served
four years and four mouths. Miles marched,
4,299; miles by rail, 3.408, miles by steamer,
4,310; men enlisted from date of organization,
1,963; strength at date of muster-out, 640.

Sixteenth Infantry. Organized and mus-
tered into service at Quincy under the "Ten- Regi-
ment Act," May 24, 1S61. The regiment was
engaged at New Madrid. Tiptonville, Corinth,
Buzzards" Roost. Resaca, Rome, Kenesaw Moun-
tain, Chattahoochie River, Peach Tree Creek,
Atlanta, Savannah, Columbia, Fayetteville,
Averysboro and Bentonville. In December,
1864, the regiment re-enlisted as veterans ; was
mustered out at Louisville. Ky., July 8, 1865,
after a term of service of four years and three
months, and, a week later, arrived at Spring-
field, where it received its final pay and discharge
papers.

Seventeenth Infantry. Mustered into the
service at Peoria, 111., on May 24, 1861; was
engaged at Fredericktown (Mo. ), Greenfield
(Ark.), Shiloh, Corinth, Hatchie and Vicksburg.
In May, 1864, the term of enlistment having
expired, the regiment was ordered to Springfield
for pay and discharge. Those men and officers
who re-eulisted. and those whose term had not
expired, were consolidated with the Eighth Infan-
try, which was mustered out in the spring of 186G.

Eighteenth Infantry. Organized under the
provisions of the "Ten Regiment Bill," at Anna,
and mustered into tlie service on May 28, 1861,
the term of enlistment being for three years.
The regiment participated in the capture of Fort
McHenry, and was actively engaged at Fort
Donelson, Shiloh and Corinth. It was mustered
out at Little Rock. Dec. 16. 1865, and Dec. 31,
thereafter, arrived at Springfield, 111., for pay-
ment and discharge. The aggregate enlistments
in the regiment, from its organization to date of
discharge (rank and file), numbered 2.043.



Nineteenth Infantry. Mustered into tlie
United States service for three years, June 17,
1861, at Chicago, embracing four (■omi)anies
which had been accepted under the call for tlirco
months' men; participated in the battle of
Stone River and in the TuUahoma and Chatta-
nooga campaigns; was aLso engaged at Davis'
Cross Roads, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge and
Resaca. It was mustered out of service on July
9, 1864, at Chicago. Originally consisting of
nearly 1,000 men, besides a large number of
recruits received during the war. its strength at
the final muster-out was less than 350.

Twentieth Infantry. Organized, May 14,
1861, at Joliet, and June 13, 1861, and mustered
into the service for a term of three years. It
participated in the following engagements, bat-
tles, sieges, etc. : Fredericktown (Mo. ), Fort
Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Thompson's Planta-
tion, Champion Hills, Big Black River, Vicks-
burg, Kenesaw Mountain and Atlanta. After
marching through the Carolinas, the regiment
was finally ordered to Louisville, where it was
mustered out, July 16, 1865, receiving its final
discharge at Chicago, on July 24.

Twenty-first Infantry. Organized under
the "Ten Regiment Bill," from the (then) Sev-
enth Congressional District, at Mattoon, and
mustered into service for three years, June 2s.
1861. Its first Colonel was U. 8. Grant, who was
in command until August 7, when he was com-
missioned Brigadier-General. It was engaged
at Fredericktown (Mo.), Corinth, Perryville, Mur-
freesboro. Liberty Gap, Chickamauga, Jonesboru,
Franklin and Nashville. The regiment re-enlisted
as veterans, at^ Chattanooga, in February, 1864.
From June, 1864, to December, 18H5, it was on
duty in Texas. Mustered out at San Antonio.
Dec. l(i, 1865, and paid off and discharged at
Springfield, Jan. 18, 1866.

Twenty-second Infantry. Organized at
Belleville, and mustered into service, for three
years, at Ca.seyville. 111.. June 2.5, 1861; was
engaged at Belmont, Charleston (Mo.), Sikestown,
Tiptonville, Farmington. Corinth, Stone River.
Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, New
Ho|)e Churcli. and all the battles of the Atlanta
cam()aign. except Rocky Face Ridge. It was
mustereil out at Springfield, July 7. 1864, the vet
erans and recruits, whose term of .service had not
expired, being consolidated with the Forty-second
Regiment Illinois Infantry Volunteers.

Twenty-third Infantry. The organization
of the Twenty-third Infantry Volunteers com-
menced, at Cliicago. under tlie popular name of



654



HISTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



the "Irish Brigade," immediately upon the
opening of hostilities at Sumter. The formal
muster of the regiment, under the command of
Col. James A. Mulligan, was made, June 15, 1861,
at Chicago, when it was occupjang barracks
known as Kane's brewery near the river on
West Polk Street. It was early ordered to North-
ern Missouri, and was doing garrison duty at
Lexington, when, in September, 1861, it surren-
dered with the rest of the garrison, to tlie forces
under the rebel General Price, and was paroled.
From Oct. 8. 1861, to June 14, 1862, it was detailed
to guard prisoners at Camp Douglas. Thereafter
it participated in engagements in the Virginias.
as follows; at South Fork, Greenland Gap, Phi-
lippi, Hedgeville, Leetown, Maryland Heights,
Snicker's Gap, Kernstown, Cedar Creek, Win-
chester, Charlestown, Berryville, Opequan Creek,
Fisher's Hill, Harrisonburg, Hatcher's Run and
Petersburg. It also took part in the siege of
Richmond and the pursuit of Lee, being present
at the surrender at Appomattox. In January
and February, 1864, the regiment re-enlisted as
veterans, at Greenland Gap, W. Va. In August,
1864, the ten companies of the Regiment, then
numbering 440, were consolidated into five com-
panies and designated, "Battalion. Twenty-third
Regiment, Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry.''
The regiment was thanked by Congress for its
jiart at Lexington, and was authorized to inscribe
Lexington upon its colors. (See also Mulligan,
James A.)

Twenty-fourth Infantry, (known as the
First Hecker Regiment). Organized at Chicago,
with two companies — to-wit: the Union Cadets
and the Lincoln Rifles — from the three months'
service, in June, 1861, and mustered in, July 8,
1861. It participated in the battles of Perryville,
Murfreesboro, Chiokamaiiga, Resaca, Kenesaw
Mountain and other engagements in the Atlanta
campaign. It was mustered out of service at
Chicago. August 6, 1864. A fraction of the regi-
ment, which had been recruited in the field, and
whose tei-m of service had not expired at the date
of muster-out, was organized into one company
and attached to the Third Brigade, First Divi-
sion, Fourteenth Army Corps, and mustered out
at Camp Butler, August 1, 1865.

Twenty-fifth Infantry'. Organized from
the counties of Kankakee, Iroquois, Ford, Vermil-
ion, Douglas, Coles, Champaign and Edgar, and
mustered into service at St. Louis, August 4, 1861.
It participated in the battles of Pea Ridge, Stone
River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, in the
siege of Corinth, the battle of Kenesaw Moun-



tain, the siege of Atlanta, and innumerable skir-
mishes ; was mustered out at Springfield, Sept. 5,
1864. During its three years' service the regi-
ment traveled 4,962 miles, of which 3,353 were on
foot, the remainder by steamboat and railroad.

TwENTY'-siXTH INFANTRY. Blustered into serv-
ice, consisting of seven companies, at Springfield,
August 31, 1861. On Jan. 1, 1864, the regiment
re-enlisted as veterans. ' It was authorized by the
commanding General to inscribe upon its ban-
ners "New Madrid" ; "Island No. 10;" "Farming-
ton;" "Siege of Corinth;" "luka;" "Corinth —
3d and 4th, 1862;" "Resaca;" "Kenesaw;" "Ezra
Church;" "Atlanta;" "Jonesboro:" "Griswold-
ville;" "McAllister;" "Savannah;" "Columbia,"
and "Bentonville. " It was mustered out at
Louisville, July 30, 1865, and paid off and
discharged, at Springfield, July 38— the regiment
having marched, during its four years of service,
6,931 miles, and fought twenty-eight hard battles,
besides innumerable skirmishes.

Twenty-seventh Infantry. First organized,
with only seven companies, at Springfield,
August 10, 1861, and organization completed by
the addition of three more companies, at Cairo,
on September 1. It took part in the battle of Bel-
mont, the siege of Island No. 10, and the battles
of Farmington, Nashville Murfreesboro, Chicka-
mauga, Slissionary Ridge, Rocky Face Ridge,
Resaca, Calhoun, Adairsville, Dallas, Pine Top
Mountain and Kenesaw Mountain, as well as in
the investment of Atlanta; was relieved from
duty, August 25, 1864, while at the front, and
mustered out at Springfield, September 20. Its
veterans, with the recruits whose term of serv-
ice had not expired, were consolidated with the
Ninth Infantry.

Twenty-eighth Infantry'. Composed of
companies from Pike. Fulton, Schuyler, Mason,
Scott and Menard Counties; was organized at
Springfield, August 15, 1861, and mustered into
.service for three years. It participated in the
battles of Shiloh and Metamora, the siege of
Vicksburg and the battles of Jackson, Mississippi,
and Fort Beauregard, and in the capture of
Spanish Fort, Fort Blakely and Mobile. From
June, 1864. to March, 1866, it was stationed in
Texas, and was mustered out at Brownsville, in
that State. March 15, 1866, having served four
years and seven months. It was discharged, at
Springfield, May 13, 1866.

Twenty-ninth Infantry. Mustered into serv-
ice at Springfield, August 19, 1861, and was
engaged at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, and in the
sieges of Corinth, Vicksburg and Mobile. Eight



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



555



companies were detailed for duty at Holly Springs,
and were there captured by General Van Dorn,
in December, 18(53, but were exdianged, six
months later. In January, 1864, the regiment
re-enlisted as veterans, and, from June, 1864, to
November, 186.5. was on duty in Texas. It was
mustered out of service in that State, Nov. 6,
ise."). and received final discharge on November 28.

Thirtieth Inf.\ntrv. Organized at Spring-
field, Avigust 28. 1861 ; was engaged at Belmont.
Fort Donelson, the siege of Corinth, Medan
Station, Raymond, Champion Hills, the sieges of
Vicksburg and Jackson, Big Slianty, Atlanta,
Savannah, Pocotaligo, Orangeburg, Columbia,
Cheraw, and Fayetteville; mustered out, July
17, 186.'>, and received final payment and discbarge
at Silringfield, July 27, 186.J.

Thirty-first Infantry. Organized at Cairo,
and there mustered into service on Sept. 18,
1861 ; was engaged at Belmont, Fort Donelson,
Shiloh, in the two expeditions against Vicks-
burg, at Thompson's Hill, Ingram Heights, Ray-
mond, Jackson, Champion Hill. Big Shanty,
Kenesaw Mountain. Atlanta. Lovejoy Station and
Jonesboro; also participated in the "Jlarch to
the Sea" and took part in tlie battles and skir-
mishes at Columbia. Clieraw. Fayetteville and
Bentonville. A majority of the regiment re-
enlisted as veterans in March. 1864. It was
mustered out at Louisville. July 19, 186.'). and
finally discharged at Springfield. July 23.

Thirty-second Inf.\ntry. Organized at
Sjjringfield and mustered into service. Dec. 31,
1861. By special autliority from the War Depart-
ment, it originally consisted of ten companies of
infantry, one of cavalry, and a battery. It was
engaged at Fort Donelson. Shiloh, in the sieges
of Corinth and Vicksburg, and in the battles of
La (riange, Urand Junction, Metamora. Harrison-
burg, Kenesaw Mountain, Nickajack Creek,
AUatoona, Savannah, Columbia, Cheraw and
Bentonville. In January. 1864, the regiment
re-enlisted as veterans, and, in June, 186,5, was
ordered to Fort Leavenworth. Mustered out
there. Sept. 16, 1865, and finally discharged at
Springfield.

Thirty-third Inf.vxtry. Organized and mus-
tered into .service at Springfield in .Sejitember.
1861; was engaged at Frederi



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 116 of 207)