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was mustered into service; the latter, disbanded.
He then went to Monmouth, where he remained
until his return to Galesburg in 1864.

Mr. Berggren has held many important offices.
In 1869, he was elected Justice of the Peace in
the City of Galesburg. While holding that office
he was nominated by the republican convention
for the office of Sheriff, and elected in the Fall
of 1872. With great credit, he held the office
for four terms, and his books and reports are
spoken of to this day as models worthy of imi-
tation. In 1880, while yet Sheriff, he was nomi-
nated and elected Senator from the Twenty-
second District, composed of Knox and Mercer
counties. Four years afterwards, he was re-
elected from the new district, composed of Knox
and Fulton counties. When the Senate was
organized in 1SS7, he was chosen President pro
tempore of that body. On May 1, 18S9, the Gov-
ernor appointed him Warden of the Illinois
State Penitentiary at Joliet, which position he
resigned to take active supervision of the Cove-
nant Mutual Life Association of Illinois, with
principal offices in this city.

His public spirit is fully shown by his con-
nection with various public enterprises, such as
the Galesburg Stoneware Company; The Na-
tional Perefoyd Company; The Galesburg Pav-
ing Brick Company; the Galesburg National
Bank, having been a Director of the same since
its organization. He was a member of the
Berggren and Lundeen firm, later the J. A.
Lundeen Company, and still later the Berggren
Clothing Company. From its organization, for
twenty years, he was President of The Covenant
Mutual Life Association, and for the last two
years has been its Treasurer, still holding that

Mr. Berggren is both an Odd Fellow and a
Mason, joining the former order in 1868; the
latter, in 1869. He is a member of the several
Masonic bodies in this city, and in the Order
of Odd Fellows has taken a very active inter-
est, filling every office of the subordinate bodies
and the principal offices of the Grand Lodge.
He was Grand Master and presided over the de-
liberations of the Grand Lodge at Danville, Illi-
nois, in 1880, and represented the Grand Lodge
in the Sovereign Grand Lodge, at Baltimore,

Mr. Berggren has broadened his life and add-
ed greatly to the storehouse of information by
quite extensive travel. He has visited almost
every State in the Union, and in 1882, took an
extensive trip through England, France, Bel-

gium, Germany, Denmark. Sweden, Scotland,
and Ireland. His charities have been of a prac-
tical kind. He has given to the Swedish M. K.
Church and parsonage, to several other
churches, Knox College, Lombard Gymnasium,
and Cottage Hospital.

His religious affiliations are with the Swedish
M. E. Church, although in 1856, he was con-
firmed in Sweden in the Lutheran Church. He
served as lay delegate to the General Confer-
ence at Cincinnati in 1880.

In politics, he is a staunch republican. He is
not only a worker, but has been one of the lead-
ers in his party.

He was married March 8, 1866, to Christina
Naslund, whose parents came to this country in
1854, joining the Bishop Hill Colony. Six chil-
dren were born to them, Capitola Maud, Guy
Werner, Ralph Augustus, Claus Eugene, Jay
Valentine, and Earl Hugo. Ralph Augustus was
run over by a train of cars and killed in 1887.


James Buchanan Boggs, Attorney at Law and
Master in Chancery, was born in Greencastle,
Franklin County, Pennsylvania, October 20,
1828. His parents were John and Isabella Craig
(Allison) Boggs, and were natives of Franklin
County, Pennsylvania. Both the father and the
mother were intelligent and painstaking peo-
ple and exhibited marked traits of character.
They were of Scotch-Irish ancestry and seem
to have inherited the stern morality of that

John Boggs was a physician, and at an early
age, was left fatherless. He was adopted by
his mother's brother. Dr. Robert Johnson, a
man of wealth and influence, and under his
supervision, rose to prominence. He received
his medical diploma from the University of
Maryland, and for thirty years practiced medi-
cine in his native county. In the War of 1812
he was appointed surgeon of Franklin County
Volunteers, and in 1819 he married Isabella
Craig, daughter of William Allison.

Dr. Robert Johnson, the adopted father of Dr.
John Boggs. was a surgeon in the Revolutionary
War from the beginning to the end. He was
also one of the original members of the Society
of Cincinnati, whose first president was George

J. B. Boggs availed himself of such oppor-
tunities for schooling in his youth as the dis-
trict schools afforded. This preparation was
supplemented by a thorough training at the
academy. He studied law at Chambersburg,
Pennsylvania, and in 1852, was admitted to the
Bar. After leaving school, he was first en-
gaged in teaching, and afterwards took charge
of the Chestnut Grove Iron Furnace. His first
law practice was at Loudon and McConnells-
burg. In 1856. he came to Galesburg, where has
been his home ever since.

Mr. Boggs is a man of ability and of fine
presence. In forming opinions, he is cautious,
and is not biased by prejudicial instincts. His
nature is benevolent and open, to be read of
all men. To him, right doing and right living


are instinctive. The places of honor that he has
been called to fill have been deservedly won.
He filled the office of City Attorney in 1862-G5-
66-67-68-09, and was elected Alderman from 1879
to 1884. He was appointed Master in Chancery
in 1S71 and lias lield the office ever since.

According to his means, he has favored every
public enterprise that has been tor the interest
of the city of his adoption. For several years,
he has been the president of the Galesburg
Printing Company, and a charter member of
the Homestead and Loan Association and its
attorney. He belongs to the Masonic Order,
though not an active member at present. He
has been connected with the Independent Order
of Odd Fellows since 1849.

Mr. Boggs is a firm believer in the tenets of
the Presbyterian faith and his life has always
been in harmony with that church. All its
laws and ordinances are to him sacred and
these he has kept blameless. His political affil-
iations are with the republicans. Although his
time is employed principally in the Chancery
Court, yet he has never failed to do his duty as
a worker for the success of republican princi-

He was united in marriage at Galesburg. Octo-
ber 5. 1S58. to Susan Cornelia Weeks, daughter
of Benjamin Weeks. Eight children were born
to them, three of whom are living, Isaliel Alli-
son, Elizabeth Wharton (Dunn), and Henry

Aaron Boyer was born in York County, Penn-
sylvania. February 17, 1833. In 1839, he moved
with his parents, Daniel and Rosana Boyer, to
Indiana, where he attended the district school
until twelve years of age, obtaining only a
meager education. About this time, he met with
an accident, which eventually caused his total
blindness. However, as soon as he was able to
labor, his parents being poor, he was obliged
to assist his father in the distillery business, in
which he soon became proficient. At the age of
fifteen, his father sent him from home to super-
intend a distillery for an acquaintance. His
labor here was too great for his strength and
education. Besides, the making of whiskey was
distasteful and repulsive. After remaining
eight months, he returned home, asking God's
help to keep him fiom such an unworthy occu-
pation. This resolution was the cause of his
leaving home and starting out to make his own
way in the world. After many unsuccessful
efforts to obtain work, he was finally employed
for the season by the Miama Canal Packet Com-
pany {.I. A. Garfield being at the same time an
employe of this company), in driving a team on
a canal packet. In the Fall of 1849, he was so
badly crippled with rheumatism that he had to
seek other employment. It was while thus dis-
abled that he learned to make brooms.

In 18.^0, he was engaged with a surveying
party on the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton
Railroad, which was the second lailroad run-
ning out of Cincinnati. Ohio. But the incle-
ment weather so aggravated his rheumatism
and affected his eyes, which had never recov-

ered their strength, that he was forced to give
up all kinds of labor. At the age of seven-
teen, he became totally blind. But this
boy"s ambition could not be overcome, even by
so great a calamity as this. He began making
brooms at East Germantown, Indiana, where his
parents then lived. In a short time, he had be-
come so proficient in this work that he was
appointed foreman of the broom shops at the
School tor the Blind at Indianapolis, where he
remained for one year.

In 18.53, he married Elizabeth Buck. To them
was born one son, who died in infancy, the
mother dying soon after. October 3, 1858, he
married Sarah Harper in Wayne County, Indi-
ana, where from 18.i5 to 1864, he was engaged in
the manufacture of brooms, his first purchase
of broom corn aggregating but five dollars, he
obtaining credit for two dollars of this amount.
He then moved to Crawford County, Illinois,
where he carried on the same business, until
he came to Elmwood, Illinois, in 1866. In 1868,
he went to Galesburg. locating in a small frame
dwelling house with a factory fifteen by thirty
feet. From this small beginning, has grown up a
large and successful business, which he car-
ried on until 1897. when he leased his plant and
is now retired. In 1893 he bought about twelve
thousand dollars' worth of broom corn within
thirty-six hours time.

Mr. Boyer. by his indomitable perseverance,
transformed his little broom shop into a large
manufactory, making from 1.5.000 to 18,000 dozen
brooms annually. He has also invented and
had patented some useful broom machinery.
Twice his factory has been destroyed by fire —
once with no insurance. The present factory
was built in 1882. and is sixty by ninety feet,
two stories high. It is filled with the latest and
most improved machinery. He has also built a
fine brick residence with all modern improve-

Mr. Boyer's second wife died in 187.'). leaving
three sons and one daughter. Charles H.. An-
drew J.. William R. and Ola B.

.July 10. 1877. he married .lulia E.. daughter of
.lohn and Bethan (Lee) Mitchell, who were
among the early settlers of Galesburg, coming
from New York, about 1840. By this marriage,
Mr. Boyer has had four children. — one son and
one daughter dying in infancy. The two sons
now living are Abel and Orrin E.

Mr. Boyer is an active member of the Meth-
odist Church, and during his long business
career, has earned for himself the friendship
and respect of all with whom he has come in
contact, either in business or in a social way.


Samuel Brown was born in Montgomery
County. Indiana, April 23. 1826. He was the son
of Samuel and .lane (Bell) Brown; the father
was of Scotch-Irish descent, and was born In
Kentucky; the mother, who was of Welsh-Irish
ancestry, was a native of New Jersey; they were
married in Butler County. Ohio. March 12. 1807;
he was a soldier in the War of 1812 and drew a
soldiers warrant. This worthy couple moved



from Butler County, Ohio, to Whitewater, Indi-
ana, then to Montgomery County, Indiana,
where they lived twelve years, and from there,
in the Fall of 1834, to Rio Township, Knox
County, Illinois. The next Spring they bought
land in Henderson Township (Section C), and
although there were settlers all around them,
neighbors were generally three miles apart.
They were both members of the Baptist Church,
and Mr. Brown held the office of deacon. In
politics, he was a democrat. They died in War-
ren County, Mr. Brown, September 10, 1850,
aged seventy-four, Mrs. Brown, May 12, IStia,
nearly eighty-three years of age. They had
nine children, Elizabeth, Esther, Mary, Benja-
min, Allen S., Nancy, Jane, Samuel and John.
All lived to enter upon married life, except
John, who died at the age of ten, but only Sam-
uel and Benjamin are now living. The parental
grandparents of Samuel Brown were John and
Esther (Crossley) Brown.

Samuel Brown attended school only nine
months, but nevertheless became a well-read,
self-educated man. one of the best informed and
most intelligent in his township. It was not
until after he was married, that he learned to
read and write, acquiring this and much other
knowledge from the teachers who boarded in his

November 6, 1845. in Mercer County, Illinois,
Mr. Brown married Elizabeth Miller. Six chil-
dren were born to them, Abraham Miller; Jacob
Edward; William W., deceased; Jennie, de-
ceased; Nannie and Ella. Abraham M. grad-
uated from Lombard University in 1870; he is a
lawyer, having been admitted to the Bar in
1872; in 1876, he was elected to the Legislature,
serving one term. Jacob Edward is a farmer
and stock-raiser in Rio Township. Jennie mar-
ried Milton L. Overstreet; died, 1892. Nannie is
the wife of J. L. Overstreet. Ella married Na-
thaniel G. Scott, who died in August, 1898; they
had three children, Preston Brown, Notely Mil-
ler, and Mary deceased. Mrs. Scott was educated
in the Galesburg High School, graduating in the
class of 1877.

Mr. Brown was only twenty years old when
he married and settled on his farm of 80 acres
on Section 30, Rio Township. This farm he
improved, and was so successful that he added
to the original until the home farm now con-
sists of over 600 acres. To his wife is due equal
credit for the accumulation of this tine property.
Although she was a most delicate woman, she
was an excellent housekeeper and manager. In
the month of August, 1870, at great sacrifice to
himself, he left his prosperous farm and moved
to Galesburg for the purpose of educating his
children. Mr. and Mrs. Brown celebrated their
Golden Wedding in 1895, one of three golden
weddings in the family; it was a notable occa-

In religion, Mr. Brown is a Universalist. In
politics, he is a democrat, and has held a num-
ber of local offices, such as Justice of the Peace,
which office he held for about twelve years.
School Director and Trustee, Road Commis-
sioner and Supervisor.


Dwight W. Bunker was born November 4,
1846, in Mentor, Ohio. He was the sou of Sam-
uel and Silvia (Walton) Bunker and received
from them great care and instruction during
his boyhood years. He was educated in the
common schools, and from them acquired that
mental discipline which fitted him for the busi-
ness of life. When only two years of age, his
parents came to Henderson, Illinois, where they
spent the remainder of their days. Young
Bunker had a strong desire to be a soldier, and
when only fourteen years old he enlisted at
Wataga in Company K, Forty-first Illinois Vol-
unteers, known as the "Lead Mine Regiment,"
October 20, 1861. He belonged to Captain B. F.
Holcomb's Company and was its youngest mem-
ber. He was at the capture of Forts Henry and
Donaldson, and saw the stars and stripes plant-
ed in triumph on their heights. He fought at
the bloody battle of Shiloh, and was terribly
wounded there while standing near the color-
bearer. His left arm was shattered, his left
side was lacerated, and a bullet struck his
shoulder, which was never removed. He was
left, as though dead, on the field of battle. But
life was not wholly extinct, and he was re-
moved to a tent where he remained several
days without even the covering of a blanket.
For six weeks he lay in the death-ward of the
hospital, looking at the ghastly forms of the
dead and dying around him, with scarcely a
ray of hope of recovery. His father, learning
of his condition, removed him to his home,
and thereby, probably, saved his life. These
frightful wounds were the cause of his early
death, and it may be truly said that Dwight
W. Bunker died for his country.

As soon as he had sufficiently recovered, he
was anxious to engage in business. From 1864
to 1873. he was employed on the Union Pacific
Railroad. At the close of his service with fhis
company, he engaged in trade for himself, open-
ing a shoe store on Main street in Galesburg.
This business he conducted with success until
his death.

Dwight W. Bunker was an excellent citizen.
He was patriotic, loving, and kind, and dis-
charged every obligation not grudgingly, but
cheerfully. He was benevolent and charitable
according to his means, and was no laggard
in the performance of good deeds. In every
organization to which he belonged, he was re-
garded by his associates as an efficient working
member. He belonged to the Grand Army of
the Republic, and in May, 1897, was elected
Junior Vice Commander of Illinois. He was
Colonel on the staff of General-in-Chief Thomas
G. Lawler, receiving the appointment November,
1894. He was a member of the Board of Su-
pervisors of Knox County at the time of his
death, and by them, resolutions of respect and
condolence were passed.

In his religious belief, Mr. Bunker was a
Congregationalist. In his political faith, he was
a republican, and labored earnestly tor the
cause of that party.

He was married, May 31, 1873, to Mary Isabell



K N () .\ C O U \ '1' Y.

Carpenter, daugtiter of Asaph N. anil .Maiy K.
(Winterbottom) Carpenter. Along the paternal
line of her ancestors, is found Thomas Car-
penter, her great-grandfather, who was born in
Massachusetts. Her great-grandmother was
Cloa Carpenter, born in the same State. Her
grandfather was Asaph Carpenter, born at Reho-
both, Massachusetts, and her grandmother was
Caroline Carpenter, born in the same town.

Her maternal line of ancestors reaches back
to her great-grandfather, Peter Carpenter, and
to her great-grandmother. Nancy Carpenter,
both born in Massachusetts. Her grandfather
was Lease Winterbottom, a native of England,
and her grandmother was Sarah Lewis, born in

Mr. and Mrs. Bunker had but one child,
Dwight Carpenter, who married Vina Penn;
They have one child. Carrie Isabell.


Captain James L. Burkhalter, son of David
and Mary Ann (Marks! Burkhalter, was born in
Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, April
15, 1835.

The Burkhalters are Swiss and came orig-
inally from the Canton of Berne. The name,
which signifies "Keeper of the Castle," is very
common in Switzerland. Ulrich Burkhalter
came to this country in 1732, and on August 11,
took the oath of allegiance in William Penn's
Colony. He purchased three hundred acres of
land in Burks County (now Lehigh), in White-
hall Township, just north of Allentown. It
was here that the father of Captain Burkhalter
was born.

Ulrich had a son Peter, who was Captain
Burkhalter's great-great-grandfather, and who
possessed the landed estate of his father. He
was a man of prominence. He was naturalized
in 1761: was County Commissioner in 1776;
was a member of the State Convention the same
year; was a member of the Pennsylvania As-
sembly for several terms; and was a Repre-
sentative in Congress from 1791 to 1794. He
was also Captain of a company of the Northamp-
ton Association, and saw active service during
the Revolution in the Jerseys. Peter Burk-
halter died in 1806. He had a son whose name
was John Peter, and the latter had a son whose
name was Henry, the grandfather of James L.
Henry was the father of fourteen children,
twelve of whom lived to maturity — six sons and
six daughters. The third son. David, was the
father of Captain Burkhalter.

Captain Burkhalter's life is full of incident
and interest. Both his patriotism and his man-
hood have made him a man of mark. The "War
Governor, ' Richard Yates, appointed him re-
cruiting officer under the call of President Lin-
coln for 300,000 volunteers. He recruited Com-
pany "G" of the Eighty-third and Company
"F" of the Eighty-sixth Illinois Volunteers.
He then enlisted as a private in Company "F"
and was elected Captain.

Under this rank, he commanded his company
through its many campaigns. He was detailed

for various other duties, such as building bridges
and roads. As ProvosL Marshal and later as
Inspector General by appointment of General
George H. Thomas, he served on staff duty un-
der Generals McCook, Fearing, Morgan, Davis,
and Slocum. He campaigneil in very many
different States— Kentucky, Tennessee, Missis-
sippi, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North
Carolina, and Virginia, — and was one of "Sher-
man's Bummers" in that famous march through
Georgia to the Sea. At the close of the war,
he took part in the grand review of the armies
at Washington.

Alongside the Captain's military record, his
civil record is worthy of mention. He has
held various public ofllces, such as Police Magis-
trate and Town Clerk in Maquon, County
Treasurer of Knox County for eleven consecu-
tive years, and Supervisor from the City of
Galesburg for five terms. In January, 1883, he
was elected president of the Farmers' and
Mechanics' Bank, which position he still holds.

His political creed is republican. He is
strictly a party man. He is an uncompromising
believer in republican principles, and he follows
them to the end. His religious creed is broad,
and his impulses are benevolent. He is a be-
liever in the righteousness of good works.

Captain Burkhalter was married to Martha E.
Adle, December 2. 1S58. To them were born
eight children: Charles F.. Henry L., James
W., Desdemona, John I)., Nellie l... Robert P.,
and Alvin P.


Colonel Clark E. Carr was born at Boston
Corners. Erie County, New York, May 20. 1836.
He was the son of Clark M. and Delia (Torrey)
Carr. His parents were intelligent and pains-
taking people, anil gave their children all the
advantages possible in those days. His mother
died when he was three year-s old, and is hur-
ried at Boston Corners. When he was nine
years old. his father married Fanny Le Yau,
who became a devoted and affectionate mother
to the children. The family came West around
the Lakes, in March. 1850. landing in Chicago.
Here teams were purchased, and they made
their journey in "prairie schooners" to Henry
County, Illinois, locating on a farm near Cam-
bridge. In the Autumn of 1851, the family re-
moved to Galesburg. where the father and his
second wife lived and died.

Colonel Carr's paternal ancestry reaches back
to Caleb Carr. who died while Colonial Gov-
ernor of Rhode Island, and to Rev. John Clark,
who was driven out of the Massachusetts colony
for preaching the Baptist doctrine. Like Roger
Williams. John Clark went to Rhode Island,
then a wilderness, and afterwards became its
Governor. The Colonel's great-grandmother was
a Miss Clark, descended from Governor John
Clark, and Clark has been the Christian name
of his grandfather, of his father, of himself,
and of his son.

Colonel Carr's early educational advantages
were of the better sort, and he judiciously and
wisely improved his opportunities. He attended


the district school in the village of his nativity,
until he was eleven years of age. He then
went to Springville Academy, Erie County, New
York, where he remained two years. At four-
teen he arrived in Galesburg. Immediately, he
entered Knox Academy and afterwards the Col-
legiate Department of Knox College, leaving
at the end of the Sophomore year to commence
the study of law. He first entered the Law
School at Poughkeepsie, New York, and subse-
quently, the Albany Law School, graduating in
1857. His first copartnership in the practice of
his profession was with Thomas Harrison, and
three years later, with Hon. 0. P. Price, under
the firm name of Carr and Price. In March,
1861, as a just acknowledgment of his services
on the stump, he was appointed by President
Lincoln Postmaster of Galesburg. which posi-
tion he held lor twenty-four years.

Early in the War of the Rebellion, Governor
Yates appointed him Colonel on his staff, and
to its close. Colonel Carr performed his duties
faithfully, such as assisting in the organization
of regiments at Springfield, visiting the army
in the field, and bringing home the sick and
wounded. Governor Yates said that no man out-
side of the army did more efficient service. He
was constantly active, also, in the interest of
the government, in awakening by his speeches
throughout Illinois, a patriotic and living public
sentiment; often speaking with Governor Yates
and others in support of the State and Na-
tional administration. In 1862, when an at-
tempt was made to turn out all the republican

Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 147 of 207)