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tures, but that he cheerfully submits to be
restrained by the fence erected on established
lines. This somewhat uncouth illustration rep-
resents to the author of this sketch the char-
acter of Mr. Gale. From a long line of an-
cestors he has drawn these traits, and in what-
ever enterprise he may engage; wherever his
services may be enlisted, we may expect to find
his own personality, his own conscience, and
not an imitation of anybody.

Mr. Gale has had a liberal education, judged
from almost any standpoint. He attended the
Galesburg public schools including one year in
the High School. Two years in Knox
Academy admitted him to Knox College,
from which he graduated, after four years"
study, with first honors, receiving the degree of
Bachelor of Arts in 1893. He received the de-
gree of Master of Arts from the same institu-
tion in 1895 and delivered the Master's Oration
in 1896.

Naturally Mr. Gale turned to the study of the
law. No other profession offers such oppor-
tunities for the full exercise of his abilities and
natural traits of character. He studied one
year in the office of Messrs. Williams, Law-
rence and Welsh; one year in the University
of Wisconsin, and one year in the New York
Law School. He won the first prize, $150.00,
upon the thesis "Ultra Vires," in a contest
open to all graduating members of the school,
and was given the degree of Bachelor of Laws
in 1S96. He was admitted to the Bar of Wiscon-
sin in May, 1895, and Illinois in 1896.

Mr. Gale's boyhood was spent on the farm.
We can almost imagine, however, that his
fondness for reading and study, and an irre-
pressible desire to take part in the somewhat
more stirring phases of life, interfered, some-
what with his usefulness as a farm boy.

He is at preseut engaged in the practice of
law, a profession with which he is deeply in
love, and is associated with Mr. Wilfred Arnold.

If ability, honesty, and hard study combined
will count for anything in the race for success,
we may confidently expect to see some very
important cases entrusted to his management
before he is very old. In national politics he
is a republican; in city affairs he is an inde-
pendent. He has always resided in Galesburg,
except when attending law school. A more
extended genealogy of Mr. Gale may be seen
by consulting the sketch of his grandfather,
William Selden Gale, in this volume.

A. J. PERRY.



K N (I X CO I N T V



HEXKV (;aki>t.

Henry Gardt is a native of Germany, and was
born in Zornheim, June 10, 1852. His father
was Peter Gardt, whose occupation was that of
a wagon and carriage maker. His mother was
Agnes Knusman. His grandfather participated
in the early French wars. His paternal uncle
has held the office of Burgomaster of Zornheim
for thirty years.

Henry Gardt received a thorough common
school education in Germany, where superior
training of the mind is the rule, .not the excep-
tion. He became well instructed in those
branches which especially fitted him for the ac-
tive business of life. In IStJS. when only a youth
of sixteen years, he came to Galesburg, where
he has resided ever since. He first found em-
ployment with Charles Brechwald in the liquor
business, where he remained for eleven years.
He then formed a copartnership with Solomon
Frolich and L. Nirdlinger in the same business,
which firm still continues. In ISSS. this com-
pany purchased the Union Hotel at Galesburg.
making it by their excellent management one ot
the best hotels in the State. It has a fine reputa-
tion far and wide, and became a pleasant resort,
especially for traveling men. In the Spring of
1899. they rented the hotel of George J. Mills.
All this time they were engaged in the whole-
sale liquor business, and have made a financial
success in all their transactions.

In 1S90. they organized a .ioint stock com-
pany and built the Auditorium, which was
put. and is still, under the management of Mr.
Gardt.

Mr. Gardt has always shown himself as a
public spirited man. The various industries and
improvements of the city of his adoption he has
always favored, and has given liberally of his
means. He is kind in disposition, agreeable in
manners, and has the ability to establish
friendly relations towards his associates. He
served, with credit, as Alderman, the citizens
of his ward in 1884-5, being elected on the re-
publican ticket. For a term of two years, he
held the ofl^ce of Park Commissioner. The two
public enterprises to which he has given special
attention are the founding of the .Auditorium
and the establishment of the Williams Race
Track. He is a member of several secret soci-
eties, among which are the following: Masons,
Odd Fellows. .Cnights of Pythias. Royal Ar-
canum, and the Shrine of Medinah (Chicago).

He has traveled quite extensively in this
country, visiting many States. In 1897. he made
a tour of Europe, sojourning for a time in the
land of his birth. In politics, he is an active
republican, working always for his party's suc-
cess.

Mr. Gardt was married May 18. 1876. to Bar-
bara Glaeser. To these parents have been born
three children. Two are deceased and one boy
is living, Chauncey.

MARY ELLEN (FERRIS) rris) Gettemy. was born in
Galesburg. Illinois, .July 8, 1839. She is the



daughter of William Mead and Mary iCrandall)
Ferris, who were married March 3U, 1S3U, in
Norway, Herkimer County, New York, and re-
sided there until they came to Galesburg with
the colony, in July, 1837. Their journey was
long and tedious. Their means of conveyance
was the usual covered wagon with all parapher-
nalia that seemed needful to these settlers in a
new country. Both the father and the mother
had strongly marked characteristics. Their
strong wills and their unyielding disposition to
overcome difficulties fitted them especially for
pioneer life. The first ten years they lived at
Henderson Grove, where Mr. F'erris owned and
superintended a mill. They moved to the old
Ferris homestead in Galesburg. in August, 1847,
where the father lived and died, and the mother
is still living at the advanced age of eighty-nine
(1899), the sole survivor of the colony that
founded Galesburg.

Silvanus W. Ferris, Mrs. Gettemy's grand-
father, was one of a committee of four to select
a site for Galesburg and Knox College. Here
he removed with his family and lived the re-
mainder of his days. He took an active interest
in the prosperity and growth of the town, and
in establishing Knox College, of which he was
a trustee until his death.

Mrs. Gettemy's childhood was passed at home
under the surveillance of her parents. There
was scarcely a book at her command, and the
day of daily newspapers had not dawned in
Galesburg. P'ox's Book of Martyrs was the only
illustrated book which the home afforded, and
the scenes there pictured were stamped indelibly
upon her mind.

Her early advantages for education were the
best the times afforded. She first attended a
private school and afterwards entered the public
schools. With this preparatory training she be-
came a student in Knox Academy, and enjoyed
the instruction ot superior teachers. In Janu-
ary, 1854, she entered Knox College and gradu-
ated with distinction in 1857.

The first year after leaving college was spent
in the study of music and French. In the Spring
of 1858 she" taught the children of the neighbor-
hood, and in April, 1859, she went from home to
teach in the schools of Henderson County. Af-
terwards she became a teaiher in Knox Acad-
emy, and in the High Schools of Canton. Ke-
wanee. and Freeport.

September 21, 18B5. she was married to Robert
Hood Gettemy. They lived in Monmouth,
Illinois, until their removal to Chicago, in May,
18G7. where Mr. Gettemy was engaged in thfe
lumber business. In 18(;9 fire destroyed the ac-
cumulation of years, blackening his prospects
for the future. His health becoming impaired,
thev returned to Monmouth in November. 1873.
In April, 1875, Mr. Gettemy returned to Chicago;
but his physical condition gave no promise for
permanent business pursuits, and Mrs. Gettemy
again entered the schoolroom as a teacher, and
took the principa'ship of the High School In
Galesburg in place of Mrs. McCall. who was
compelled to be absent on account of illness. In
1876 she was elected principal of Galesburg High



KNOX COUNTY.



School, resigning after nineteen years of earnest
and successful labor to accept the position of
assistant, which would bring less arduous duties
and fewer responsibilities. To the cares of the
schoolroom was added the care of an Invalid
husband. After many years of ill health, Mr.
Gettemy was at last compelled to give up en-
tirely the active labors of life. He came to
Galesburg in 1886, where, for five years, he was
confined to his home, and for ten months, to his
bed. After great suffering, he died August 6,
1891.

Mr. and Mrs. Gettemy had but one child, a
son, Charles Ferris Gettemy. He graduated at
Knox College in 1890, and at Harvard University
in 1891. He took the degree of Master of Arts
in 1893. He is now engaged as a political writer
on the Boston Advertiser.

In childhood Mrs. Gettemy united with the
Baptist Church, retaining that membership
until 1865, when, with her husband, she joined
the United Presbyterian Church in Monmouth,
Illinois. On removing to Chicago in 1867. they
united with the Third Presbyterian Church of
that city. In 1882 she united with the Old First
Church in Galesburg, now the Central Congrega-
tional Church, of which she remains a member.

As a teacher Mrs. Gettemy has earned a
praiseworthy reputation. She entered this field
of work with good acquirements and a thorough
appreciation of the task to be performed. Her
manner is of that quiet kind that begets con-
fidence in her pupils as well as in her associates.
She is not forward in her opinions, but is ever
ready to return an intelligent answer to her
Interrogator. In the community, she is highly
esteemed, and her Alma Mater showed its ap-
preciation of her work as a faithful instructor
by conferring upon her, in 1897, the Degree of
Master of Literature. Mrs. Gettemy still con-
tinues her work in the Galesburg High School
(1899).

JON WATSOX GRUBB.

Jon Watson Grubb was born near Barry,
Illinois, August 5, 1851. His father. Jon P.
Grubb, was a Pennsylvania German. His
mother, Harriet (Stevens) Grubb, was born in
New York, but was descended from the Stevens
family of Massachusetts. In 1842 Jon P. Grubb
and his brother-in-law established the Barry
Woollen Mills and engaged in the manufacture
of cloth. Some years after, Mr. Grubb added
farming to his business, and Jon W., from the
age of thirteen, was employed on the farm
in summer, attending the district school in
winter, till 1872, when he became a student in
Lombard University. He left the University,
and after three years spent In farm labor and In
teaching, to procure the means for completing
his college course, he returned to the University
and graduated with a high standing In 1879.
After teaching the following winter, he became
secretary and treasurer of the Barry Woollen
Mills Company, and held these positions for two
years. In 1882 he was called to Lombard Uni-
versity to take the place of the Professor of
Mathematics during a temporary absence, and



since that time he has been connected with the
University as a teacher. At first he was Adjunct
Professor of Mathematics and Principal of the
Preparatory Department, and more recently he
has been Professor of Latin. He Is a thorough
and earnest teacher, and demands of students
promptness and close application to duty.

It Is sometimes said that a scholar who
chooses the avocation of a teacher becomes un-
fitted for business. This has not been the case
with Professor Grubb. He has been successful
in such business enterprises as he has under-
taken. He platted and put on the market the
lots in J. W. Grubb's Lombard University Addi-
tion to Galesburg, and, making it for the inter-
est of parties to buy lots and build houses, he
profited by the enterprise, and caused an addi-
tion to be made to the population of the east
part of the City of Galesburg.

The business which he has done in settling
estates has been satisfactory.

He holds the office of Registrar of Lombard
University. He served one term as alderman
for his ward. He is a Universalist in his reli-
gious belief, and a democrat in politics.

He was married in 1885 to Mary J. Claycomb,
who was for a considerable time a successful
teacher in Lombard University and other
schools. Mrs. Grubb is an efficient leader and
earnest laborer in charitable enterprises and in
work for her church, and her efforts in these
directions are generously aided by her husband.
They have no children, but they usually have
three or four young persons in their family
whom they assist in obtaining an education.

ROYAL HAMMOND.

New England was founded by men and
women who had left for conscience sake all
that men naturally hold dear. They were, in
general, a well-to-do class, and could have
lived in the mother country in peace and
plenty, had they been willing to have no reli-
gious convictions But they were a strong
and sturdy race, and when they had accepted
the Bible as the word of God, and had seen
how ritualism trampled alike on the teachings
of that word and the rights of man, they re-
sisted the authority of priest and King at cost
of property, liberty, or life. The struggle which
ensued ended in the planting of New England,
and their ideas, after a contest of more than
two hundred years, were nationalized at Ap-
pomatox Court House.

Years have brought changes; but in large
measure, the men and women of our Atlantic
border still retain love for the Bible, faith in
popular government, and the determination to
follow conscience at whatever cost, whlcli ani-
mated their fathers. As the sons and daughters
of the Puritans have moved westward through
New York, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa, and
still on to the "bluffs which beetle over the blue
Pacific," they have reproduced in the churches
and towns which they have founded the same
glorious characteristics which marked the com-
munities on the rock-bound coast of New Eng-
land.




t^^^ erdlA



/r^^^s.



K N () \ CO U N T Y



Of this stock, in Fairlee. Oranse Coiinty.
Vermont, on April 13, 1809, was born Royal
Hammond. His father, Calvin Hammond, was
a farmer, and carried in his given name a re-
minder of the stern and uplifting views of
divine truth which his fathers and his descend-
ants fed upon. His mother was Roxana
(Field) Hammond. Of her, we known but lit-
tle; but if we may judge the mother by the
child, she must have been a woman of pure
and devoted life. One thing we do know, that
it was her hope that her son might be a minis-
ter of the Gospel.

Six years after Deacon Hammond was born
his father removed to the Western Reserve in
Ohio. He settled at Bath, a town twenty-four
miles south of Cleveland, in a region called New
Connecticut. This section of that State is noted
for the great men it has produced, and here,
in the healthful labors of the farm and the
prosecution of his studies, the boy grew to man-
hood. People who would name their home-land
New Connecticut, would be likely to have good
schools, and Mr. Hammond studied in those
which were located near his Ohio home. First,
in the common schools, then in Talmage Acad-
emy, he studied, and, as his health did not favor
further study, he entered on his life task.

He was for a time a teacher in the public
schools. While yet a young man he was super-
intendent of the Sabbath school and deacon of
the Congregational Church in Bath. The re-
ligious element in his character, thus early evi-
denced, was strong until the last. He always
conducted family worship, was eager for re-
vivals, and felt all departures from Christian
faith like personal injuries.

In business life, he was noted for integrity,
industry, and economy — a triad of virtues often
associated. In Bath he was a merchant in com-
pany with his cousin. Horatio Hammond. When
he came to Illinois, with the intention of set-
tling on a farm, he drove a flock of fifteen
hundred sheep. All his movements exhibited
energy and wisdom, and presaged for him a suc-
cessful life.

Next to a man's home training, perhaps to
even a greater extent than that, his marriage
decides his destiny. In Chesterfield, Massachu-
setts, lived, in the early forties, Mr. Rufus
Rogers and wife. Evangelia (Booth) Rogers.
Into this home came six sons and two daugh-
ters, one of whom was Emeline, who afterward,
for almost sixty-two years, was the comfort and
inspiration of Mr, Hammond's life, Mr. Rogers
was a carpenter and builder. In 1837 he moved
to Bath. Ohio. By this circumstance these two
lives were brought into contact.

Mrs. Rogers was a member of the Congrega-
tional Church in Massachusetts. Her husband
united with this church in Bath. In 1837 the
Rogers family moved from Massachusetts to
Ohio, and on May 24. 1838, Mr. and Mrs. Ham-
mond were married. Six years later they moved
to Illinois, settling on a farm in Ontario Town-
ship. Knox County, where they lived for six or
seven years, when they moved to Galesburg,
which was thereafter their home. In Galesburg



Mr. Hammond clerkeil for Levi Sanderson one
year. In IS.'il he engaged in business for him-
self, carrying on the first exclusive grocery
store in Gales'ourg. When about sixty-five years
old he retired from active life and occupied
himself with the care of his property and the
religious interests of the community until his
death, at nearly ninety years of ago.

Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were always identi-
fied wiih the Congregational Church. At Bath,
Ontario, and vjalesburg, they were earnest and
devoted adherents of this communion. But,
though loyal church people, they never substi-
tuted that loyalty tor fidelity to Christ, and Mr.
Hammond's later vears yere saddened by the
inroads of worldliness in the Church he loved
and served so long.

In early life. Mr. Hammond was a whig; this
led him naturally to the republican party, and
in this he found his political home, until the
abolition of slavery. He then wished that party
to free itself from the lodge and saloon, and
when it appeared hopeless to obtain such re-
sults in the party of Sumner and Lincoln, he
united with the American party, and during his
latter years, voted with that and the prohibition
party. It was because of his interest in these
two causes, opposition to lodges and saloons,
that he had so deep an affection for Wheaton
College, to which he left generous gifts in his
will.

There was a personal element in this regard
for Wheaton College also. Mr. and Mrs. Ham-
mond were life long friends of President and
Mrs. Jonathan Blanchard, and the ties of Chris-
tian love which were so strong during life have
not been loosened by the departure of one and
another, but still remained firm and unyielding
to the last.

During the later years of his life. Mr. Ham-
mond with his wife traveled quite extensively.
They spent one winter in California, one in
Florida, and a summer in Wyoming. Several
times, they made journeys to Ohio and New
England. The present never lost its interest to
them as is the case with some elderly people;
but they kept in touch with the social, religious
and political world. They gave to the local
churches where they worshiped, to the Sab-
bath school work, to the Mission Boards and to
Wheaton College.

During the winter of '98 and '99. Mr. Ham-
moijd remained quietly at home in Galesburg.
The writer saw him only a few weeks before
his death. He seemed very well; but ninety
years is a long march and he was weary. The
prevailing disease. LaGrippe. attacked him and
he had not suflicient strength left to ward it
oft. Very quietly and gently he passed away,
while his life companion sat with aching heart
and could not accompany him. Mr. and Mrs.
Hammond will be tenderly remembered by all
who have enjoyed their friendship.

(JISTAF HAWKIXSOX.

Gustaf Hawkinson. son of Hakan Bengtson
and Marta Pherson. was born in Harlunda
Smaland, Sweden, January 9, 1841. His father



KNOX COUNTY.



was a farmer and lived in a rural district in
Sweden. Gustaf had no very marked educa-
tional advantages in his youth. He attended
school in his native place until he was thirteen
years old, making commendable progress in the
various branches taught. He then spent five
years in learning the baker's trade, which was
completed in 1860. He next received employment
from the government, building Ijridges. He
worked in its service for ten years. Then he
came to America, reaching Galesburg June 23,
1869. He first worked for a year on the rail-
road here; then was engaged for a short time in
a tannery; and lastly on a railroad in the East.
In 1873, he returned to Galesburg and embarked
in the bakery business. He continued in this
occupation until 1892, when he sold out, and
lived a life of retirement and ease. In July,
1898, he embarked again in the bakery business,
in which he is now engaged.

Mr. Hawkiuson has lived a busy life, and id
business, has been uniformly successful. His
first venture in the bakery extended through
more than twenty years, and he built up one of
the largest and most flourishing establishments
in the city. He has always striven to make
his enterprise worthy of praise. He is a thor-
oughgoing man in everything to which he turns
his hand. He is intelligent, a great reader, and
entertains clear and decisive views on questions
of government, religion, and philosophy. He is
temperate and calm in his judgments, and is
not easily driven from his positions when once
taken. He is honest in his dealings with men,
and upright in his daily walk and conversa-
tion.

Mr. Hawkinson has never held or sought of-
fice. He is a director in the Commercial Union
Grocery, and is now a director in the Cottage
City Hospital. To the latter, he has given a
great deal of interest and much valuable time.
His charity and benevolence are shown in the
fact that he is one of the largest donors to this
most important and necessary institution. He
has also aided other worthy causes.

In political affiliations, he is a republican, but
his partisanship is never offensive. He belongs
to the party, because he believes in its princi-
ples.

Mr. Hawkinson was never married.

OLOF HAWKIiVSON.

Olof Hawkinson was born in Skona, Sweden,
May 7, 1837. His parents were Hawkin Ander-
son and Hannah Hawkinson. His father was a
farmer, and as a boy Olof was employed in
assisting him upon the farm. His education
he received in the common schools.

In 1856, Olof Hawkinson emigrated to Amer-
ica. He landed at Boston and thence came di-
rect to Galesburg. For seven years he labored
steadily, at the end of which time he found
himself, by his industry and thrift, the pos-
sessor of one thousand dollars. But his for-
tunes soon experienced a serious reverse; for
the bank in which his money had been de-
posited suddenly collapsed, and the young man
was left penniless. However, he was not to be



daunted even by so severe a blow; he set him-
self more earnestly at work and gradually came
to be recognized as a substantial and success-
ful business man.

At various times Mr. Hawkinson was as-
sociated with the following firms: W. L. Rose-
boom and Company, broom corn, Chicago;
Hawkinson and Willsie, livery; and Olof Haw-
kinson and Company, lumber. He was one of
the organizers of the Bank of Galesburg, and
conducted an extensive stock-raising business
in Nebraska.

In 1883, he was elected Supervisor; served as
Alderman of the City of Galesburg, having been
elected on the liberal ticket, and was a mem-
ber of the District Fair Association. He was
a member of the Order of Knights of Pythias,
and was a prominent member of the Swedish-
American Old Settlers' Association.

Mr. Hawkinson always responded freely to
the demands of public enterprise. At the build-
ing of the Santa Fe Railroad, he contributed
liberally and assisted in raising funds. His
donations in private charity have been gen-
erous, and he gave material aid to the Nebraska
sufferers at critical times.

In religious belief Mr. Hawkinson was a
Lutheran; in politics, he was a republican.

March 22, 1862, Olof Hawkinson was married
to Lousia Ericson. Six children were born to
them: Emma, William, Minnie O., Henry W.,
Fred A., and Elmer E.

Mr. Hawkinson died March 28, 1896.

OSCAR C. HOUSEL.

Oscar C. Housel was born at Akron, Summit
County, Ohio, September 10. 1855. His parents



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