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Sanborn, in 1883. He then organized the Gales-
burg National Bank with a capital of one hun-
dred thousand dollars, which opened for busi-
ness May 3, 1884. He was elected its first
President and held that position until May,
1889, when business called him to California.
He resided at Oakland until May, 1895, when he
returned to Galesburg, where his home has
been ever since.

The name Washburn is imperishably written
in the archives and history of the nation. Two
of them, Emory and William B., have been
Governors of the Old Bay State. Israel was
Governor of Maine. Peter T., of Woodstock,
Vermont, was once Governor of that State,
Elihu B., was once a Congressman from Illi-
nois, Minister to France, and Secretary of
State under President Grant. Cadwell C. was
Major General in the Civil War and afterwards
Governor of Wisconsin. John D. was once
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Repre-
sentatives and Minister to Switzerland. Will-
iam D. was United States Senator from Min-
nesota. Charles A. was Minister to Paraguay.
Washburn Maynard, commander of the gunboat
Nashville, is the son of Hon. Horace Maynard,
of Tennessee, and Laura Washburn, of Ran-
dolph, Vermont. Truly, such a list of patriots
and statesmen have honored -the name of

Wellington W. Washburn has shown himself
to be an enterprising citizen. He has aided
greatly in the improvement of Galesburg. In
1869, he built the "Washburn Block," which, at
that time, was one of the best in the city. He
has erected several dwelling-houses, which
stand as an evidence of his enterprise. He has

labored for the upbuilding of the city, and has
aided by his means in all undertakings which
his judgment approved. As a man, he is social
in his intercourse, kind in disposition, charit-
able in his relations towards his fellows, and
popular in his every-day life. He has ever
shown himself to be an honest, intelligent, and
trustworthy citizen. His religious views are
broad and without cant. He is a member of
no church, but attends the Universalist. In
politics, he is a republican if the party candi-
dates for office are good men.

Mr. Washburn was married, February 9, 1876,
to Margaret Lockwood, who died in June, 1883
She was born in New Albany, Indiana. Her
father's family were long residents there, and
were held in high esteem. By this union, one
son was born to them: Fred Lockwood, born
May 10, 1878.

His second marriage was December 28, 1893,
to Etta P. Burrows, of Chicago.


Eugene William Welch, one of the most
active and industrious men of Galesburg, was
born in LaSalle, LaSalle County, Illinois, Octo-
ber 28, 1852. He is the son of William W. and
Jane (Chadwick) Welch. His father is a phy-
sician of ability, and of considerable education,
acquired in the practical school of the world.
In his profession, he rose to a degree of prom-
inence after years of effort and struggle, and
became also a writer of some note. When the
war of the rebellion broke out, he enlisted as
a surgeon of a regiment. He was promoted
to be a Brigade Surgeon, then Acting Staff Sur-
geon of the Western District of Mississippi. He
entered the volunteer service in 1861, and was
mustered out in 1865.

Eugene's early educational advantages were
very limited. However, he made the best use
possible of his opportunities, availing himself
of the instruction afforded in our public schools.
This preparatory training was supplemented by
attendance at St. Patrick's Academy, at La-
Salle, and for a short time, as an "irregular" at
Knox College.

His first occupation after leaving school was
teaching. He taught in the district schools of
Knox County for eight consecutive winters,
commencing in 1870-71, and three summer
schools during this period. Being anxious to
earn an honest dollar whenever possible, he
worked on the farm during the interim between
terms of school. Many a farmer will remember
him as a faithful hand in the harvest field.

As a teacher, he held advanced and indepen-
dent ideas. He believed that the teacher should
conduct his school without the use of books, if
required; that he should be the book and the
active spirit of his school. With such views in
imparting instruction, his teaching was always
practical and successful.

Mr. Welch's early life was spent in LaSalle,
In the latter pa:-t of 1869, he moved with his
parents to Galesburg, where he has lived ever


He was elected City Attoruey for two years,
1SS9-91, and re-elected for 1S91-93, both times
on the liberal ticket. He was elected State's
Attorney for four years, 1S92-96, and re-elected
for four years, 1S96-1900, both times on the
republican ticket.

The societies with which he is connected are
the following: Vesper Lodge, No. 584, A. F. and
A. M., Master of the same for two years; Gales-
burg Lodge No. 142, L O. of O. F.. now Noble
Grand, heretofore Vice Grand; Galesburg Camp,
No. 667, Modern Woodmen of America, being
Venerable Consul; was a member of Edvall
Camp, No. 50, Sons of Veterans; member of
Galesburg Club; member of the Illinois State
Bar Association, and Association of State's At-
torneys of Illinois.

As an attorney, Mr. Welch has been emi-
nently successful. He stands in the front rank
of his profession at the Knox County Bar. As
State's Attorney, his work has been prosecuted
conscientiously and thoroughly. The indict-
ment is the lawyer's work, and its preparation
is a safe indicator of his knowledge and ability.
If there is the least flaw, the indictment is
quashed. For the past six years, as State's
Attorney, he has prepared 450 indictments, and
the records show only two quashed. It is doubt-
ful whether a cleaner record than this can be
shown by any other State's Attorney. For the
last three years, the jury, in every case, have
returned the verdict, "We, the jury, find the
defendant guilty."

When he was City Attorney, important im-
provements to the amount of ?344,0t)0 were
made. Street pavements were put in and water-
works constructed. Ordinances were to be
framed, contracts drawn, and confirmations in
courts attended to. All this work was so well
done that the city was never required to pay
one dollar, owing to the blunders of the City
Attorney. These things speak volumes for his

Mr. Welch has always had for his motto:
"Never be idle.' A kindred sentiment he has
also cherished: "He who would enter through
the door of success, must observe the sign,
'Push.' "

He commenced the study of law in June, 1875,
and before the entire Supreme Court, in June,
1S77, was admitted to the bar. He read for a
short time, with the firm of Lanpher and
Brown, composed of the late Judge George C.
Lanpher and A. M. Brown. His reading mostly
was with Douglas and Harvey, the partners
being Judge Leander Douglas and Hon. Curtis
K. Harvey.

Mr. Welch is a public spirited man, and is
always interested in public improvements. His
charity is of the kind to help those that help
themselves. He is a member of the Christian
Church. His political sentiments are intensely

Mr. Welch was married in Galesburg, June
24, 1879, to Ida Spencer, a lady of intelligence
and refinement. Of this union, four children
were born: Nellie M., Frank A., Bessie S., and
Sidney Post.


Lloyd Franklin Wertman. son of lOlias and
Mary Wertman, was born in Bloomsburg, Penn-
sylvania, November 7, 1S45.

His father was both a merchant and a farmer,
being engaged in the mercantile business in the
East, and giving his attention to farming after
settling in Illinois. The Wertman family came
to this State in the Spring of 1864, when Lloyd
was 19 years of age. They moved on to a farm
seven miles east of Knoxville. known then as
the "Bob White" farm, which was owned by
George Stevens. Here the family lived for three
years, and then purchased a farm in Elba
Township, where they lived until the Spring of

In the meantime, young Wertman engaged in
farming for himself. In 1870, he rented lands
in Elba Township of George A. Charles, and
these he cultivated for three years. Then he
purchased his home place, where he devoted
himself to farming until the Spring of 1879.
He then moved from Elba to Yates City, and
was employed as a bookkeeper and salesman
for one year in a co-operative store. He then
formed a partnership with J. H. Nicholson and
W. P. Parker in the purchase of the P'armers'
Bank, Yates City, which was owned by J. M.
Taylor. He was elected Cashier — a position he
occupied until January, 1889. He was then elec-
ted Cashier of the Farmers' and Mechanics'
Bank, Galesburg. Illinois, and served for six
years. In January, 1895, he was elected Vice
President of the First National Bank, serving
for two years. Then in January. 1897, he was
elected President of the same, which position
he now holds.

Mr. Wertman has held several other offices
of honor and trust. He was Township Clerk of
Elba for eight years. Collector for two years.
School Treasurer for four years. Supervisor of
Salem Township for two years. Vice President
and Director in the Galesburg Printing Com-
pany, Director in the Board of Education, and
Director in the Mutual Loan and Building Asso-

The life and success of Mr. Wertman should
encourage every young man who may read this
sketch. By probity and strict integrity, he
has risen to places of honor and trust. His
early educational advantages were greatly cir-
cumscribed, but he availed himself of all the
opportunities the common school afforded.
With this preparatory education, he completed
his studies at the Academy and Missionary In-
stitute, Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. Thus
equipped he has gone on from one position to
another, and won for himself an enviable

In political faith, Mr. Wertman is a staunch
republican. In religious affiliations, he is an
attendant at the Presbyterian Church. He is a
believer in moral and benevolent Institutions
of every name.

Mr. Wertman was married January 11. 1870,
to Miss Isabella J. Obeholtzer, whose parents
settled in Knox County, in 1840. Of this union,
four daughters and one son were born: Mary


Estella, Martha Leora, Maud S., and Norma
Blanch, now living.


"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.
Yea, saith the Spirit, for they rest from then-
labors, and their works do follow them."

Of few of the ladies of Galesburg could these
words of the inspired writer be predicated with
more appropriateness than of Mary Allen West,
whose name is a fragrant memory in every
household where self-sacriflce, higher consecra-
tion and devotion to religion and temperance
are held in higher esteem than worldly gain.
She was born in a cabin, in "Log City," on July
30, 1837, her father having been one of those
devoted men who aided George W. Gale in
planting the Galesburg colony and founding
Knox College. Her mother's maiden name was
Catherine Neeley, and her father was Nehemiah
West. He was a man of spontaneous generosity
and of rare executive talent. It is possible that
from him she inherited her strength of char-
acter, while from her mother she derived her
loving disposition, her innate cordiality of tem-
perament and her simple, sublime faith in God.
Her earliest education, outside of the refining
influence of her home, was received from
George Churchill, an instructor of no mean
fame. Her bright eyes evinced her eager, am-
bitious temperament, while her sensitive moral
sense, carefully stimulated and guided by a
pious mother, and developed through the ex-
ample of a Godly father, aided her in avoiding
the foibles and frivolities of children of her
years. At the age of thirteen she was qualified
for admission to Knox Seminary, but the rules
of the institution forbade her entrance until
she was fifteen years old. She graduated, how-
ever, at the age of seventeen, and at once began
teaching, a profession for which she was
eminently qualified by intellect, impulse and

In 1873, she was elected County Superin-
tendent of Schools, having been nominated on
the republican ticket, over two opposing candi-
dates, and held the position, through prac-
tically unanimous re-election, for ten years, dis-
charging its duties with an ability constantly
growing, and with a conscientiousness born of a
deep and abiding consciousness of her responsi-
bility to her Maker. As Superintendent, she
was unwearied in her efforts to advance the
interests of education and promote the effi-
ciency of the schools under her charge. She
secured the insertion of a column devoted to
school interests in the Republican-Register, es-
tablished an educational exhibit at the county
fair, and per.sonally conducted, each year, a
Normal School and Teachers' Institute. She
was a member of the Examining Committee of
the State Teachers' Association, and of the In-
ternational Council of the Permanent Exposi-
tion in Philadelphia.

During the Civil War she was active in the
work of the Soldiers' Aid Society, usually hold-
ing the office of either Recording or Correspond-

ing Secretary, and was unanimously voted the
recipient of a photograph of Attorney General
Bates, which he had sent to a four days' Sani-
tary Fair at Galesburg to be given "to the best
woman," from "the old fogy, Edward Bates, of
Missouri." it was not alone the recognition of
her patient, patriotic toil that secured for her
this tribute; the people knew her worth as a
teacher, a woman and a Christian whose daily
life was an exposition of her faith.

Miss West was also an active and successful
Sunday school worker, taking a deep interest
in every effort to elevate humanity to a higher
plane, thereby bringing the soul of the creature
nearer to the great heart of the Father. For
several years she taught a large class of young
women in the "Old First" Church, from which
eight, inspired by her personal influence and
with a purpose vivified by her own intense
spirit of self-consecration, went forth to de-
voted missionary work. Each of these she fol-
lowed with intelligent, prayerful interest, not
only watching her work but learning and re-
membering the details of her home life with
marvelous accuracy.

To the cause of temperance she brought the
same wisely directed effort, the same self-ab-
negation. In the formation of the Women's
Christian Temperance Union in Illinois she was
a potent factor. Here she felt that she had
found her true mission, and here she believed
that she could best work out her loftiest ideals.
In connection with the work of this organiza-
tion she accomplished her noblest triumphs,,
and won world-wide fame. In city, county,,
district. State and international work she toiled
with tireless energy and unflagging zeal, and
was chosen the "round-the-world" delegate of
the Galesburg branch. Her final mission in the
interest of humanity and religion was under-
taken in January. 1892. On August 31 of that
year she sailed from Vancouver for Japan,
where she was enthusiastically received. To
the higher classes of Japanese women she spoke
four or five times a day. At Tokio she was
made an honorary life member of the Red
Cross Society; and was presented with a silver
medal by the Empress, being the only foreign
woman ever thus honored with the exception of
the Crown Princess of Russia.

But the physical strain of the journey proved
too much for a constitution already too far
taxed by overwork, and on December 1, 1892,
she passed into eternal rest at the home of a
dear friend and former member of her own
church at home, Mrs. Leila Willard Winn, of
Kanazawa, Japan. Funeral services were held
in the native chapel. Christians and pagans,
uniting to do honor to one who. in her broad
charity strove to follow in the footsteps of her-
Master. Her remains were brought home to the
city which she loved so well, and on Monday,
January 16, 1893. another service was held over
the lifeless form at the "Old First." She sleeps
among her kindred and friends, awaiting the
summons of Him who said, "I am the Resurrec-
tion and the Life."






This distinguished ediKalor and tlieologian,
the third son of Justin Morgan White and his
wife, Lydia Eddy, was born January 25, 1S35,
at Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont. His
ancestors were among the earliest settlers of
New England. Nicholas White, the first
American of the family, was living at Dorches-
ter, Massachusetts (now a ward of the city of
Boston), in 1G42. In 1053 he removed, with his
family, to that part of Taunton. Massachusetts,
which, in 1712. became the township of Norton.
Nicholas White, the grandson of the first
Nicholas, was one of the most influential citi-
zens of the province. He was an officer in the
little army which took part in the series of
struggles between the whites and the aborigines
between 1695 and the close of Queen Anne's
War, in 1713. He was equally prominent in
civil life, and was twice a representative to
the General Court of the colony. Philip White,
grandson of Nicholas (third), was born July 28,
1734, at Norton, Massachusetts. He married
Abigail Campbell, March 2, 1758. A few weeks
after his nuptials he joined the army under
Abercrombie. The object of the expedition was
the reduction of Fort Ticonderoga, and with
the other Massachusetts volunteers took part in
the storming of that stronghold, July 8, 1758.
He was also a soldier of the Revolution and
served through the campaign of 1776. His son,
Nehemiah. born August 6, 1765, married Mercy
Miller, at Tinmouth. Vermont, in 1787. The
third son of this marriage, Justin Morgan
White, was the father of the subject of this
brief biographical memoir.

Nehemiah White received his early education
in the common schools of his native town, and
entered upon his life's work as a teacher at the
early age of sixteen years. In the Fall of 1852,
with the design of preparing for college, he en-
tered the Green Mountain Liberal Institute,
then a well attended and prosperous institu-
tion, under the charge of Dr. John Stebbins
Lee. In August, 1853, he entered Middlebury
College and graduated in 1857. Immediately
upon leaving his Alma Mater, he became Asso-
ciate Principal of the Green Mountain Liberal
Institute, and in April. 1859. took charge of
Clinton Liberal Institute, at Clinton. New
York. This post he resigned at the close of
the year, on account of the failing strength of
his wife. In 1864, he was offered the position
of Assistant Principal of Pulaski Academy, at
Pulaski. New York. and. on the resignation of
the Principal, was made executive head of the

In 1865. he accepted the Professorship of
Mathematics in Saint Lawrence University, at
Canton, New York. The funds of the young
college were at that time very meager and the
instructors few in number, so that the range of
his teaching (or of what he tried to teach) was
correspondingly wide. He not only gave in-
structions in the various branches of mathe-
matics, but also in natural science and the
modern languages. Here, however, he first en-
joyed the advantages of a good library.

Through the munificence of Mr. Herring, of
New York City, the valuable collection of books
gathered by Dr. Credner, an eminent Uiblical
critic, was presented to the University. Mr.
While became greatly interested in patristic
literature, began the study of Sanscrit, enlarged
his knowledge of the Gothic tongues, and
earnestly sought to lay the foundations of a
broader culture. He resigned his professorship

In 1872, the chair of Ancient Languages was
tendered by the Trustees of Buchlel College, at
Akron, Ohio. This institution bears the name
of its founder, Mr. John R. Buchtel, who ulti-
mately devoted his whole fortune to its endow-
ment and support. Here the work of Professor
White covered a narrower field than before,
his chair embracing only instruction in the
Latin and Greek classics. The work prospered
under his care, but in September, 1875, he ac-
cepted a call to the Presidency of Lombard
University, and entered upon his duties in the
following month. The inaugural ceremonies
took place January 6, 1876. He tendered his
resignation as President of the University in
1892. but by request remained as Instructor in
the Ryder Divinity School, a department of the
same institution. This charge he still holds.

Professor W'hite married Frances Malona,
daughter of Orsamus White, of Huntington,
Vermont, at South Woodstock in that State,
March 11. 1858. The fruit of this union was a
daughter. Lois Melinda. born Jvily 17. 1861. She
died January 1, 1882. Mrs. White having passed
away on April 29, 1864.

May 29. 1871, Professor White married Inez
Ling, daughter of Lorenzo Ling, of Pulaski,
New York. Two children have been born to
them: Willard Justice, on April 19, 1872, at
Wallingford. Vermont, and Frances, on July
3. 1876. at Galesburg. Illinois. Willard Justice
graduated from Lombard University, in 1891.
and from Barnes Medical College, of Saint
Louis, five years later. He is now a practicing
physician at Rio, Illinois. Frances graduated
from Lombard in 1897.

Professor White received the degree of Ph.
D. from Saint Lawrence University: in 1876;
and in 18S9. the degree of S. T. D. was con-
ferred upon him by Tuft's College.


Matthew Chambers Willard lived a life
worthy of all imitation. His tastes and
habits were simple, his manners suave and
gentle, and his actions controlled by a keen and
deliberative judgment. His qualities were those
of a Christian gentleman, and inspired confi-
dence in all with whom he came in contact.
He was the son of Silas and Hannah Cordelia
(Chambers) Willard. and was born in Washing-
ton. Illinois. June, 1843.

His father was a Vermonter, born in Barre,
April 21. i814. In 1834. he came to Illinois, in
his private conveyance, with his elder brother,
who was far gone in consumption, in the hope
of arresting the disease. He supported himself
on the way by working at his trade of harness


maker. His efforts to save the life of his
brother proved unavailing, for he died soon
after reaching his journey's end. After work-
ing three or four years at Alton and Jackson-
ville, he established himself in the harness bus-
iness at Washington, Tazewell County, until
nearly the time of his removal to Galesburg in
1849. A short time in Washington, he entered
upon a mercantile career, which he pursued
in Galesburg with great success. He at once
became .interested in the various railroad
schemes that were agitating the community. He
looked with disfavor fipon the Peoria and
Oquawka project as wanting in proper objective
points. He then gave his attention to the Bur-
lington system, and by his untiring efforts, with
others, the road was finally brought to this
city. The marked traits of his character are
portrayed in the following: "His business oper-
ations have been bold, but guided by a strong
judgment, and carried out by strenuous exer-
tions, they have always proved safe and com-
monly successful." While the town was small
and comparatively feeble, he took the money
from his own business, which gave the town its
first flouring mill. And when the proposition
for our first railroad was at' a crisis in the
struggle for existence, he boldly risked in the
enterprise almost all he was then worth.
Others made like exertions, and the little town
is become a flourishing city.

But while risking nearly all his means in the
road, he, a stockholder and director, quietly,
yet boldly, resisted all infringement on the
Sabbath tor its operations, and was especially
decided against its becoming a shelter for in-
temperance. He was called away at the early
age of forty-three. But one scarcely meets in the
whole course of life with a man at once so unam-
bitious and at the same time so capable and en-
ergetic as he. His life, like his taste and turn of
mind, has been one of unpretending usefulness.

Matthew's mother was a native of Vermont,
born in Bridport, September 19. 1820. She came
to Illinois with her parents in 1836. She en-
joyed the distinction of being one of the pupils
of Knox College on the flrst day of its collegiate

Matthew's maternal grandfather was Mat-
thew Chambers, Jr. He was a soldier in the
war of 1812, and on his settlement in Gales-
burg, became a charter member of the Board
of Trust of Knox College. His maternal great-
grandfather was an officer in the Revolution,
and had the confidence of Washington, as is

Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 159 of 207)