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Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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Berger is the engineer who, February 17, 1899,
ran the Fast Mail from Chicago to Burlington,
a distance of two hundred and six miles, in
one hundred and ninety-five minutes. The
thermometer was seventeen degrees below zero,
and it was the fastest long run on record.

Mr. Berger is a member of the Masonic Or-
der, Alpha Lodge, Galesburg, and is a Master
Mason. He has passed the chairs of the Web-
ster Council, No. 23; of the Junior Order of
United American Mechanics; the Knights of
Labor, and the Sons of America. In politics,
Mr. Berger is independent.

BLANDING, MARION J.; Civil Engineer;
Galesburg; born December 22, 1842, in Madison
County, New York. His parents were Joseph
H. Blanding, of Swansea, New Hampshire, and
Mary J. (Sweet) Blanding, of Madison County,
New York. Mr. M. J. Blanding was married
in 1870, to S. Eliza Throop. of Mount Pleasant,
Iowa. They have two children, George T. and
Mary J. Mr. Blanding's second marriage was
with Sadie R. Graham at Galesburg, in Novem-
ber, 1SS3. He was Resident Engineer on the
Saint Louis Division of the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy Railroad for six years. In 1893,
he was made Ci:y Engineer of Galesburg, which
position he now holds. In religion, Mr. Bland-
ing is a Universalist. In politics, he is a re-
publican.

BOWMAN, H. P.; Engineer; Galesburg; born
January 25, 1857, in Springboro, Pennsylvania;
educated in Pennsylvania and Missouri. His
parents were Sherman Bowman, of Connecti-
cut, and Martha (Larmor) Bowman, of Penn-
sylvania. His grandfather was Nathan Bow-
man. Mr. H. P. Bowman was married in Ipava,
Illinois, October 17, 1895, to Anna, daughter of
George A. and Susan (Leightner) Jacobs, cf
Pennsylvania. She was born in Knoxville, Illi-
nois, June 16, 1866. Her parents came to Knox
County at the close of the Civil War, in which
Mr. Jacobs participated. Mr. Bowman's an-
cestors in this country date back to 1714, a.nd
he has in his possession a deed from King
George to his great-great-grandfather, Josepn
Bowman. His great-grandfather served under
Putnam in the Revolutionary War, and Mr.
Bowman has his commission as Captain in the
service. Sherman Bowman was a farmer, and
moved from Pennsylvania to Missouri in 1868.
Mr. H. P. Bowman worked on the farm until
he was twenty-six years of age, afterwards
following the trade of butcher tor three years.
He became fireman on the Atlantic and Great
Western Railroad, and after three years ac-
cepted a position with the Missouri Pa-
cific Railroad. In 1888, he entered the employ
of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Rail-
road Company as fireman, and in 1892, became
engineer, a position which he now holds. He
is a Royal Arch Mason. In politics, Mr. Bow-
man is a republican.

BOYERS, BARTHOLOMEW; Conductor;
Galesburg; born February 22. 1858, in Whiteside
County, Illinois; educated in Illinois. His par-



KNOX COUNT!.



ents were Samuel Buyers, Dorn in Lincolnshire,
England, and Mary (KiuneyJ Boyers, born in
Limerick, Ireland; his maternal grandparents,
Patrick and Mary (Tansey) Kinney came from
Ireland. He was married in Keokuk, Iowa, De-
cember 13, ISSO, to Minnie, daughter of
Christopher and Mary (Elmore) Carr, who were
natives of Ireland. They came to America in
middle lite and lived at Janesville, Wisconsin,
where Minnie was born. They had one child,
Ruby. The parents of Mr. Boyers came to this
country in early life, and were married here.
The father had considerable property, and
went to Colorado in 1849^ where he spent his
fortune in mining. He returned to Illinois,
enlisted in the Civil War and passed through
the entire period without a wound, but con-
tracted bronchitis, from which he died. Mr. B.
Boyers began with the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy Railroad, as brakeman, and became
conductor in 1S82, which position he still holds.
He is a member of the Order of Railway Con-
ductors, and the Court of Honor. Mrs. Boyers
is a member of the Court of Honor, and also
L. A. to 0. R. C. Mr. Boyers is a Catholic in
religion. In politics, he is independent.

BRADLEY, WILLIAM O'R.; Physician;
Galesburg; born October 14, 18G1, in Rochester,
New York; educated in the public schools of
Rochester; at Conesius College. Buffalo, New
York, and at St. Michael's College, Toronto,
Canada. He graduated from the Medical De-
partment of the University of Buffalo. His par-
ents were Thomas Bradley, of Belfast, Ireland,
and Anna G. Bradley, of Rochester, New York.
His four grandparents came from Belfast, Ire-
land. Dr. Bradley was married to Margaret
Rivers, in Rochester. New York, July 22, 1884.
They have three children: William, Marie, and
Anna. Dr. Bradley is a democrat.

BROWN, GEORGE W.; original inventor of
the corn planter; was born in Clifton Park,
Saratoga County, New York, October 29, 1815.
His parents, Valentine and Bethany (Spink)
Brown, were New Englanders, who moved to
New York when that State was comparatively
new. They lived on a farm, where George W.
passed his first fourteen years. After reaching
that age he went to live with an older brother,
who taught him the carpenter's trade. He
found employment on the Erie Canal during Its
construction, as well as on the line of the
Schenectady and Albany Railroad, of which
he was for a time Roadmaster. On Sep-
tember 1, 183.5. he married Maria T. Ter-
pening. In 1836 he brought his bride of a
year West in a wagon, the journey occupying
six weeks. They reached Tylerville, in War-
ren County, in July, 1836. The team was ex-
changed for eighty acres of land, and then his
mechanical trade began to serve him in good
stead. From 1836 to 1S.50 he built many houses
for his neighbors. But he was naturally an
Inventor, and during these years devised a cul-
tivator, churn and implements of value to
farmers, although he secured a patent only
upon his cultivator. In 1848 he began to per-
fect his primary idea of a corn planter, complet-



ing the first practical machine in 1851. He ob-
tained his first patent August 2, 1853, and con-
structed twelve planters that same year. The
following year he placed one hundred upon
the market, and in 1S55, three hundred.
In the last mentioned year he moved to
Galesburg. Prior to 1SU6 his receipts from the
sale of his devices had been exceedingly small.
In that year he borrowed $25,0U0 and built three
thousand machines. From that time for-
ward, his business was a success. The
present plant was erected in 1875. In
1880 the business was incorporated under the
name of George W. Brown and Company, with
a capital of $300,000, Mr. Urowu becoming
President. His patents were infringed upon
and in a series of suits, ending only in the
United States Supreme Court, he conclusively
established his right to be called the inventor
of the corn planter. As a result he has received
many hundred thousand dollars in royalties.
.\lthough he acquired great wealth, Mr.
Brown remained an unpretentious man until
his death. He was essentially self-made, yet
he was one of the best types of the class to
which that much-abused term is so often ap-
plied. On reaching Illinois he had but twenty-
eight dollars in cash, beside his team and
"prairie schooner." His energy, genius and
sound judgment won his battle. He was gen-
erous almost to a fault and sincerely beloved
by his employes, two hundred of whom were
on his pay-roll for thirty years. In 1835
he and his wife became members of the
Methodist Churcn. in which he took a very
active part until his death. He was a repub-
lican in politics, -ind was Mayor of Galesburg in
1876. He died June 2, 1895, leaving three chil-
dren, James E. Brown, Mrs. Jennie S. Cowan
and Mrs. Elizabeth A. Perrin. His wife died
December 28, 1891.

BRUNER. HENRY; Retired Farmer; Gales-
burg; born in 1812, in Breckinridge County.
Kentucky. He came to Warren County in
1835. to a farm nine miles west of Galesburg.
He was married to Matilda Claycomb, who died
in 1867. Their children attained maturity.
Francis M., Melissa A.. Adeline, Sarah, John
M., Clarinda, and Julia. Francis M. graduated
from Knox College in 1857: he was President
of Oskaloosa College. Iowa, from 1870 to 1876;
President of Abingdon College, Illinois, from
1877 to 1885; and Professor of Sacred Literature
and Exegesis in Eureka College, Illinois, from
1885 to 1887. John M. served in the Civil War;
he graduated from Knox College in 1869, and
studied medicine in Berlin and Halle. Ger-
many, and in New York. He died April 23.
1890. Mr. Henry Bruner came to Galesburg In
18.55. His second marriage was with Mrs.
Anna Clark. He is a member of the Christian
Church.

BUNCE, JAMES, M. D.; was born on May
25, 1805. in Newton Lower Falls. Massachusetts.
He died December 3, 1862, at Galesburg. One
of the original settlers, he was also the first
physician of the infant colony. In time his
reputation as a physician and surgeon outgrew



768



KNOX COUNTY.



the straightened limits of his adopted city and
he received calls to a professorship from both
Rush and Lynn Medical colleges, at Chicago,
which he declined. As a Trustee of Knox Col-
lege, from 1845 until his death, his interests
were centered in the welfare of that institu-
tion, and he was highly esteemed by faculty
and students alike. As editor of the "News
Letter" he acquired considerable reputation in
journalism, while as a citizen he took an active
part in the building of the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy line. He was for many years At-
tending Surgeon of that road, and a member of
the Board of Directors. He was Medical Ex-
aminer for the Mutual Life Insurance Company
of New York, and also served for some years
as County Physician. Dr. Bunce was the son
of James Bunce, owner of a paper mill in New-
ton Lower Pahs. Massachusetts. He was a
lineal descendant of William Hagar, of Weston,
Massachusetts, one of the first freemen to take
the oath in America. Lieutenants Josiah Bige-
low and Nathan Hagar, who marched from
Weston to participate in the battles of Lexing-
ton and Concord, were among his ancestors. In
early life he was compelled to earn his own
living in various capacities, as opportunities
offered, his father having died, leaving a large
family. Young James finally, however, found
himself well enough advanced to matriculate
at Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia,
from which institution he received his diploma
prior to the settling of Galesburg. He mar-
ried, March 10, 1836, Miss Harriet Nevil Ferris,
a daughter of Silvanus Ferris, one of the finan-
cial backers of the colony which settled Gales-
burg and founded Knox College. Death re-
moved Mrs. Bunce on December 12, 1851. She
left a family of four girls, two boys having
previously died. On October, 1854, Dr. Bunce
married Miss Mary Ann Davis, of Le Roy, New
Y'ork, a daughter of Norton Seward Davis, who
had served with honor as a Colonel in the War
of 1812. They had one son, who, with, his
mother and two half sisters, is still living.

BURGLAND, NELS M.; Butcher and Packer;
Galesburg; born December 25, 1846, at Blekinge,
Sweden, where he received his education. He
married Johanna Jacobson, January 7, 1873, at
Galesburg, Illinois; they have three children:
Charles M., George H., and Arthur T. Mr.
Burgland's father, Mons. Persson, was born in
Blekinge Lan, Sweden; his mother. Karsti
(Monson), was also a native of Blekinge Lan.
Mr. Burgland was for one term a member of
the Board of Supervisors, and a member of the
City Council from the Fourth Ward for one
term; all other official positions offered have
been declined. Mr. Burgland is a member of
the Lutheran Church. In politics, he is a re-
publican.

CALKINS, WILLIAM HENRY; Engineer;
Galesburg; born April 3, 1862, in Onondaga
County, New York; educated in Oswego. His
parents were Henry J. Calkins, born January
31, 1831, in Bridgeport. Connecticut, and Martha
Jane (Baker) Calkins, of New York; his grand-
father, Ezra Calkins, came from Bridgeport,



Connecticut; his maternal grandparents were
James and Nancy Baker. He was married in
Oswego, New York, November 24, 1880, to Anna,
daughter of Peter and Anna (Barry) Mahoney,
of England. Her father and brothers belonged
to the Queen's Guards. Mr. Calkins' ancestry
is traceable to the Pilgrim Fathers. They were
active in the wars of the Revolution and of
1812. His great-great-grandfather. Huge Cal-
kins, was a member of Congress. His father
was a veteran of the Civil War, and an uncle,
Stephen Calkins, was a victim of Andersonville
Prison; his uncles on his mother's side, six in
number, were also veterans of the Civil War.
Mr. Calkins, at the age of fifteen, was engaged
in government pier work at Oswego, New York.
At seventeen years of age he was in the en-
gine department, as fireman of the Rome, Wa-
tertown and Ogdensburg Railroad. He then
worked for the New York and Ontario West-
ern, the Carthage and Adirondac, and in 1888,
he returned as engineer to the Rome, Water-
town and Ogdensburg Railroad. In October,
1S88, he came to Galesburg, taking a position
as engineer for the Chicago. Burlington and
Quincy Railroad. He is a member of the An-
cient Order of Pyramids. Mr. Calkins has
imported hares from England and Belgium;
has a rabbit warren, and a kennel of bird dogs
at his residence, 224 Lincoln street, Galesburg.
He is a member of the Methodist Church. In
politics, he is a republican.

CALLENDER, IRA S.; Secretary of the Glen-
wood Ice Company; Galesburg; born at Peoria,
Illinois, July 31, 1857. His father, Isaac, was
born in Kentucky, and his mother, Sarah A.,
was born in Maine; they are now residents of
Galesburg. His paternal grandfather, Joseph,
was a native of Virginia, and his great-grand-
father, Philip R.. was born in Scotland. His
paternal grandmother, Ruth, was born in Ken-
tucky. His maternal grandmother, Sarah, and
his grandfather, Ira Smith, and his great-
grandmother, Sarah Jenks, lived in Maine. Mr.
Callander's early life was spent upon the farm
and in the public schools. For several years,
until he was twenty-five years of age, he taught
school in the winter and worked on the farm
during the summer. In 1880, he removed to
Nebraska, where he spent three years in
farming. February 2, 1882. he was mar-
ried to Alice B. Bassford. of Pleasant Dale,
Nebraska. Five children have been born to
them, Wallace V., Alice B., Ida E., Gladys M.
and Ruth S. In the Spring of 1883. Mr. Cal-
lender returned to Illinois, and spent the sum-
mer in a business college at Davenport,
Iowa. In the Fall he moved to Galesburg, and
in 1884, started in the ice business. Mr. Callen-
der is a progressive business man. He is a re-
publican. He is liberal in his religious views.

CALLENDER. WILLIAM HENRY SMITH;
Real Estate. Loans and Insurance; Galesburg;
born January 1, 1865, in Henry County, Illinois.
His parents were Isaac Callender, of Kentucky,
and Sarah A. (Smith) Callender, of Maine. His
maternal grandparents were Ira and Sarah
(Jenks) Smith. Mr. Callender was married





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Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 161 of 207)