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Mr. Read is a successful teacher, and an in-
fluential member of the faculty of Knox Col-
lege. He is closely connected with the Sunday
school work of Knox County. He is an aggres-
sive temperance advocate, having acted as Vice
President and a member of the Executive Com-
mittee in the memorable campaign of 1899. He
is a man of rare judgment and careful scholar-
ship, and a devoted Christian. He is a mem-
ber of the Congregational Church. In politics,
he is a republican.

REDFIELD, HENRY J.; Liveryman; Gales-
burg; born December 31, 1860, in Galesburg,
where he was educated. His parents were A.
C. Redfield, of Connecticut; and Mary M. (On-
derdouk) Redfield, of Long Island. Mr. Red-
field is proprietor of the Union Livery Stable.
In politics, he is a republican.

REINMUND, BOWMAN FRANKLIN; Secre-
tary of the Covenant Mutual Life Association;
Galesburg; born at Lancaster, Ohio, November
11, 1857, where he was educated. His father,
Benjamin F., was born at Bethlehem, Pennsyl-
vania; his mother, Isabel C. (Arnold) at Hag-
erstown. Maryland. His paternal grandfather,
Joseph, was born in Prussia, and his paternal
grandmother, Sarah (Wilhelm), at Reading,
Pennsylvania. His maternal grandfather,
Henry Arnold, was born in Holland; his mater-
nal grandmother, Maria (Bowman), in Mary-
land. Mr. Reinmund was married December
4, 1877, at Lancaster, Ohio, to Ida B. Jackson.
They have two children, Elizabeth S. and Bow-
man F. In religion, he is a Presbyterian. In
politics, a republican.

REYNOLDS, EDWARD B.; Retired Farmer;
Blain avenue, Galesburg; born in Hart County,
Kentucky, February 20, 1825; educated in his
native state. His parents, Edward and Celia
(Fuqua) Reynolis, were natives of Bedford
County, Virginia. They had eleven children,
Willis, Jesse, Pamelia, Eliza, Jane, William,
Mary, Celia, Edward B., Elizabeth, and Loren.
The father died in 1848, and the mother in 1875.
The paternal grandfather, Jesse Reynolds, was
a native of England; his wife, Mary (Bright),
of Scotland. Mr. Reynolds married Mary W.
Gose, January 25, 1S49, in Knox Township;
there were eight children, Lorenzo D., Jose-
phine A., Laura V., Peter G., George E., Henry
C., John • and Kate. Lorenzo D. married
Frances Reynolds; they have seven children.
Josephine was twice married; first, to Newton
Callison, with whom she had one son, Ray.
Her second marriage was with L. Judson
Smith. Laura V. was first married to Benja-
min Dermier; her second husband Is Clarence
Jones. Peter married Jennie HIggins; they had
two sons, Ralph J. and John E. Peter Reynolds
died August ?, 1898. George was twice mar-
ried; first to Sarah McNeil; they had three
children, Clarence, Alice and Mary; his second
marriage was with Mrs. Ida (Smith) Moore;
they have one daughter, Josephine. Henry 0.
married May Adams; they have two children,
Irene and Edward. The ancestry of the family



is English, Scotch, French and German. Mr.
and Mrs. E. B. Reynolds are members of the
Christian Church. In politics, Mr. Reynolds is
a prohibitionist.

RICE, F. C; Superintendent of the Illinois
lines of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy
Railroad, Galesburg; born in Wayne County,
New York, January 10, 1844. His father, Wil-
liam A., and his grandfather, Chester E. Rice,
went to Beloit, Wisconsin, where F. C. Rice
received his education in the common schools
and learned telegraphy. In 18C1, he enlisted
in the Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry and served
until 1863. In the Spring of the same year he
assumed charge of the telegraph station at
Monmouth, for the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy Railroad Company, and was soon trans-
ferred to Mendota, as Station Agent and Opera-
tor, where he remained until 1866, when he came
to Galesburg and was given the position of
Chief Operator. He was then appointed Chief
Train Dispatcher, and for fifteen years filled the
position of Chief Operator, Chief Train Dit-
patcher, and Train Master. In 1881, he was
made Superintendent of the Galesburg Division,
and in 1888, General Superintendent of the Illi-
nois lines, which position he still holds. Mr.
Rice is a Trustee of Knox College; member of
the Library Board; member of the Business
Men's club, and is prominently identified with
religious matters. In 1867, he was married to
Harriet A., daughter of L. Knox, a grandson of
General Henry Knox, the first Secretary of War
and of the Navy. Mr. and Mrs. Rice have one
son, Robert; and one daughter, Carrie E., who is
now Mrs. F. J. Bentley.

RIDGLEY, VINCENT; Retired; Galesburg;
born in Baltimore, Maryland, September 20,
1825. He received his education in Illinois.
He was married June 7, 1855, to Adelaide J.
Long, of Adams County, Illinois. They have
had nine children, of whom six are living:
Charles N., Vincent N., O. L., R. W., Clarence
M., and Roy R. In politics, Mr. Ridgley is a
democrat.

RIPPETOE, WILLIAM ROBERT; Con-
ductor; Galesburg; born September 20, 1853, at
Colchester, Illinois, where he was educated.
His parents were C. H. Rippetoe, of Kentucky,
and Mary C. (Barber) Rippetoe, of McDonougU
County, Illinois; the father died in 1882; his
mother is living in Galesburg; his grand-
fathers were John P. Rippetoe and John Bar-
ber, of Kentucky. He was married in Col-
chester, December 25, 1873, to Mary A. Polonus.
They have three children, William H., Mabel,
and Jane. William H. is an employe of the
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.
From the age of ten to twenty-six Mr. Rippetoe
was a coal miner. In 1879, he began as brake-
man on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy
Railroad, and was promoted to the position
of conductor in 1884. He is faithful and alert
in his business, and has never met with an ac-
cident. In religion, Mr. Rippetoe is a Baptist.
He is a republican.

ROBBINS, WILLIAM A.; Grocer; Galesburg;
born April 10, 1851, In Henry County, Illinois.



788



KNOX COUNTY.



His parents were Edward S. and Temperance
(Allen) Robbins, of New York. He was mar-
ried in Galesburg, Illinois, October 13, 1874, to
Nettie E., daughter of Marvin S. Carr, of Sara-
toga County, New York, and Susan M. (Espy)
Carr, of Pennsylvania. They have two chil-
dren, Bessie A.; and Elmer A., deceased. Mr.
Robbins' parents were among the early settlers
in Illinois, living first in Knox County, and
then in Henry County. His father retired
from business in 1866, and resided in Gales-
burg. Mr. W. A. Robbins lived on the farm
till 1866, and he attended public school for two
years. He was employed for a year by Dunn
and Klngsberry, grocers. He then began work
for the Frost Manufacturing Company as core-
maker, and after three months became foreman
of that department. A year later he re-entered
the employ of Dunn and Kingsberry. Decem-
ber 22, 1871, he took a position as clerk in the
grocery store of G. D. Crocker, and in 1878,
bought a half interest in the business, under
the firm name of Crocker and Robbins. After
tWo years, Mr. Robbins assumed the entire
management of the business. In 1895, the firm
built the Arlington Hotel, opposite the Chi-
cago, Burlington and Quincy passenger depot.
They use the first floor of the building for their
extensive grocery business. Mr. Robbins is a
member of the Baptist Church. In politics,
he is a republican.

ROSS, ROBERT ALEXANDER; Carpenter,
Builder and Millwright; Galesburg; born at St.
Albans, Vermont, January 7, 1850. His father.
Robert Ross, of Belfast, Ireland, was of Scotch
descent; his mother, Mary A. (Brison) Ross,
came from Londonderry. Ireland. He was mar-
ried to Nellie J. Turner, at St. Albans, Ver-
mont, May 22, 1875. Their chilaren are: May,
deceased; Edward James; Frank; Robert A.;
and Anna May. Mr. Ross learned his trade in
St. Albans, where he became a prosperous con-
tractor. He came to Galesburg in May, 1885.
and became foreman of the firm of Dawson and
Anderson, and to a large extent, had charge of
the construction of the Knox County Court
House. He had previously erected many im-
posing structures, Including court houses in
Michigan, at Kalkaska, Saginaw City, and Pon-
tiac. He was foreman of the carpenter work
in the High School Building, Galesburg, and as
millwright, had charge of remodeling the build-
ings of the Galosburg Brick and Terra Cotta
Company; he had charge of the machinery, and
his services extended over a period of three
years. In 1895, he became Superintendent of
the Galesburg Vitrified Brick Company, and
has satisfactorily conducted the plant, which
has a capacity of twenty-five thousand paving
brick per day. In polities, Mr. Ross is a re-
publican.

ROWE, C. B., JR.; Engineer; Galesburg;
horn January 5, 1858, in Portland, Maine;
educated in Massachusetts. His parents were
C. B. Rowe, borj in 1832, at Rockport, Massa-
ehusetts, and Clara (Morse) Rowe; his grand-
parents were Isaac Rowe, of Massachusetts,
and Martha (Abbott) Rowe; his great-grand-



father was John Rowe, of Massachusetts; his
maternal grandfather. Captain Thomas Morse,
was killed by Indians in Maine. Mr. Rowe was
married to Rose Ann Cavanaugh November 21,
1879, at Fall River, Massachusetts; their chil-
dren are: Hearlbert Henry; William Francis;
Charles Buck; George Edward; John Zahn;
Theodore Harwood; Irene May, deceased. Mrs.
Rowe was the daughter of Michael J. Cav-
anaugh, of Ireland, and Mary (Shannon)
Cavanaugh, of England. Mr. Rowe's ancestors
were Puritans; his great-grandfather, John
Rowe, was a captain in the Revolutionary War,
and five of his sons fought in his company at
the battle of Bunker Hill; his grandfather,
who was in the War of 1812, was made a
prisoner, taken to England, and confined in the
Dartmoor prison for eight months; he died at
the age of sixty-eight years. Mr. Rowe's father
was a railroad engineer for thirty-three years;
he was injured in a wreck, and now has a
position in the shops of the New York, New
Haven and Hartford Railroad Company. Dur-
ing 1872, Mr. u. B. Rowe fired for his father
on the Hartford and Erie, was employed on the
Old Colony, running out of Boston, and after
a year and a half he went to California. He
was with the Southern Pacific from 1875-78; the
Old Colony, from 1878-80; and the Mexican
Central for two years. His other engagements
were with the Reading Railroad; Texas and
Pacific; Little Rock and Fort Smith; New
York, Pennsylvania and Ohio; Chicago, Bur-
lington and Quincy (18SS); Lehigh Valley
(1894); and the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy (1895), where he is now an engineer.
Mr. Rowe is a Master Mason, Alpha Lodge,
Galesburg.

RUNDQUIST, CHARLES B.; Carpenter;
Galesburg; born in 1858, in Sweden, where he
learned the trade ot carpenter and mason; he
came to Galesburg in 1885. For several years.
Mr. Rundqulst has been a prominent carpenter
and builder, and has erected many of the hand-
some dwellings and fine business blocks of
Galesburg. He was married, in 1885, to Emma
Johnson. They have one daughter, Olga.

SHANK, BOSTON M.; Yardmaster; Gales-
burg; born June 14, 1854, at Columbus, Ohio;
son of John Shank, of Ohio. He was educated
in the common schools: he is a democrat. He
married Minnie Griffin, at Trenton, Missouri,
November 27, 1888; they have one child, Stacy
S. Mr. Shank began railroad work when six-
teen years old, as brakeman on the Fort
Wayne, Pittsburg and Chicago Railroad; went
to Burlington, Iowa, and was employed by the
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, hav-
ing charge of construction on the Mt. Air
Branch; for four years he was with the Mis-
souri, Iowa and Northern Railroad, and later
with the Rhode Island Railroad; in 1892, he
came to Galesburg, where he has since been
employed by the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy Railroad, as night yardmaster. Mr.
Shank is a member of the Catholic Church.

SHANNON, ELLIS; Conductor; Galesburg;
born June 4, 1844, In Pennsylvania, where he




/



KNUX COUJS'TV,



7»9



was educate J. His parents were Jesse auci
Mary (Williamson) Shaunon, of Pennsylvania;
his maternal grandfather was George William-
son. Jesse Shannon, the father, was captain
of a packet boat on the Susquehanna canal. He
died when Ellis was two years old. Mr. Ellis
Shannon was married in Charleston, South
Carolina, December 25, 1865, to Christine R.,
daughter of George Snyder, of Baden, Ger-
many, and Mary Frances (Scherer) Snyder.
Mr. Snyder was in the regular army under
Sherman for five years. Six children were born
to Mr. and Mrs. Shannon; George E.; Lucetta
B.; Maud S.; Harry D.; Mary, deceased; and
Jesse, deceased When fifteen years of age,
Ellis Shannon learned the trade of blacksmith.
He enlisted August 17. 1S61, in Company D.
Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers. After
serving his term of three years, he re-enlisted,
and was discharged November 28, 1865. He
was in the following engagements: St. Bluff,
October 3, 1862; Pocotaligo, October 22,
1862; Mansfield, April 8, 1864; Pleas-
ant Hill. April 9, 1864; Crane River, April 23,
1864; Mansura, May 17, 1864; Berryville, Sep-
tember 5, 1864; Winchester, September 19, 1864;
Fisher's Hill. September 23, 1864; and Cedar
Creek, October 19, 1864. After the war, Mr.
Shannon lived in Newport, Pennsylvania, for
one year, and then came to Buda, Bureau
County, Illinois, After farming five years, he
entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy Railroad as brakeman, and four
years later became conductor. He is a member
of the Grand Army of the Republic, and of the
Order of Railway Conductors. Mr. Shannon
belongs to the Methodist Church. In politics,
he is a republican.

SIMONDS, WILLIAM E.; Professor of Eng-
lish Literature in Knox College, Galesburg. He
was born in Peabody, Essex County, Massa-
chusetts, September 10, 1860. His parents were
Edward and Mary A. (Chase) Simonds. He re-
ceived his education in the Peabody High
School, Phillips Andover Academy, and Brown
University, graduating from the college in 1883.
Mr. Simonds taught two years in the High
School at Providence. Rhode Island, and in
1S85, went abroad tor further study. He was
for a half-year a student in the University of
Berlin, and for two years a student in the Uni-
versity of StrassDurg. From the latter institu-
tion he received the degree of Doctor of Phil-
osophy, in 18SS. On returning to America
(1888). he was made Instructor in German in
Cornell University. Ithaca, New York. In the
Summer of 1889, he was called to the chair
which he now nolds in Knox College, entering
upon his duties in the fall of that year. Pro-
fessor Simonds has published several text-
books for school and college use, among them
his university thesis on "Sir Thomas Wyatt
and His Poems." 1889. and an "Introduction to
the Study of English Fiction." 1894. June 22,
1898. Mr. Simonds was married to Katherine L.
Courtright, who, during the school year 1896-7,
was Dean of Women in Knox College. They
have a daughter, Marjorie.



SMITH, CHARLES NEWTON; Engineer;
Galesburg; born June 24, 1855, in Pennsyl-
vania, where he was educated. His parents
were Jeremiah and Catherine E. (Miller)
Smith, of Pennsylvania, the latter of Reading;
his grandfather, Jacob Smith, and his great-
grandparents were also natives of Pennsyl-
vania. He was married in Tamaqua, Pennsyl-
vania, Septembe:- 16, 1878, to Isabella, daughter
of Anthony Betz, of Germany, and Mary Jane
(Brown) Betz, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Betz came
to Tamaqua from Germany at the age of nine
years. He was superintendent of a coal mine
till his death at the age of forty-four years.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith have four children, Jerry,
Laura Jane, Robert Henry, and Edward New-
ton. Mr. Smith's father was one of the first
locomotive engineers in Pennsylvania, and fol-
lowed the business till he retired of old age.
He now lives at Tamaqua, Pennsylvania; his
wife died in 1895 At the age of fourteen, Mr.
C. N. Smith began to work in a rolling mill,
and when eighteen years old. began as brake-
man on the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad.
After being a conductor for two years he be-
gan as firemm on the same road, and after
three years, became an extra engineer. He left
during the strike of 1887, but Began running
an engine on the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy Railroad in March, 1888, which position
he still holds. During his entire railroad serv-
ice, Mr. Smith has lost but two weeks' time.
By economy, he and his wife have built their
home on East South street, Galesburg. Mr.
Smith is a republican in politics.

SMITH, M. L.; Freight Conductor; Gal&s-
burg; born in 1844, at Cleveland, Ohio; came
to Kirkwood, Illinois, in 1855. In 1861, he en-
listed in Company C, One Hundred and Thirty-
eighth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, and served
during the war. He came to Galesburg In
1877. and was employed as brakeman by the
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Com-
pany for about four years. He assisted in the
offices of the company, and was afterwards
made freight conductor, which position he now
holds. He is a member of the Order of Railway
Conductors. In 1868, he was married to Eliza-
beth Carmichael. They have two daughters,
Mabel and Bertha.

SPAKE, WILLIAM N.; Restaurateur and
Confectioner; born in Princeton, Illinois,
October 24, 1858. His father, L. M. Spake, was
born in Sweden, and his mother, Eva (Olson)
Spake, was also a native of Sweden. He was
educated at Princeton, Illinois. November 14,
1888, he married Mary E. Olson at Galesburg.
There are two children, Marie Louise and Rich-
ard William. Mr. Spake's parents were mar-
ried in Sweden, and came to this country in
1847. settling in Princeton, where Mr. Spake en-
gaged in the carpentry business, which he fol-
lowed until his death; Mrs. Spake is still living
in Princeton. After finishing his education at
Princeton, Mr. W. N. Spake came to Galesburg
and commenced work in the restaurant of J.
F. Anderson, where he remained for eighteen
years, at the end of which time he purchased



790



KNOX COUNTY.



an interest in the business which was con-
tinued under the firm name of J. F. Anderson
and Company. After seven years of partner-
ship, Mr. Anderson disposed of his interest to
Henry G. Hawkinson, and the firm name was
changed to Spake and Hawkinson. They are
located at 140 East Main street, and are the
leaders in the restaurant and catering business
of this part of the country. Mr. Spake is one
of our most reliable and successful citizens.
In religion, he is a Lutheran. In politics, he is
a republican.

STRAIN. GEORGE M.; Reporter for the "Re-
publican-Register;" Galesburg, where he was
born March 4, 1873; educated in Knox College.
His father, David Newton Strain, was born near
Greenfield, Ohio; his mother, Sarah A. Strain,
was born at Russelville, Ohio. On the paternal
side, his great-grandparents were David and
Nancy (Montgomery) Strain. His grandfather,
James Strain, was born in South Carolina; his
grandmother was Martha Garrett Strain. On
the maternal side, his great-grandparents were
John and Sabra (Witter) Bassett; his grand-
parents were George Bassett, born in Benton
Township, New York, and Nancy (Wilson)
Bassett, born in Russelville. Ohio. After leav-
ing the public schools, at the age of twelve, he
worked for The O. T. Johnson Company for
two years; attended Knox Academy three
years; worked for Kellogg, Drake and Olson for
three years; attended Knox College for three
years, during which time he was special re-
porter for the "Republican-Register;" held a
regular position as reporter on the same paper
from June, 1896, to August. 1898; attended
Knox College for the senior year, and, after
graduation, returned to his former position on
the "Republican-Register. His parents came to
Galesburg in April, 1865, having -resided in the
State from 1854. His father, D. N. Strain, was
a grocer for twenty years, but is now retired.
One brother, Orves B. Strain, died in Galesburg
in 1890. Another brother. Rev. H. L. Strain,
returned from Germany in 1898. after a two
years' course of study under a Blatchford fel-
lowship from the Chicago Theological Semi-
nary, and is now assistant pastor of the New
England Congregational Church. Chicago. In
religion, G. M. Strain is a Congregatlonalist.
In politics, he is a republican.

STROMBERG, NELS O.; Cabinetmaker;
Galesburg; born July 28, 1829, in Sweden, where
he was educated. His parents, Olof and Gary
(Truedson) Nelson, came from Sweden, as did
his paternal grandparents. Nels and Nilla
(Swenson) Peterson. Mr. Stromberg was mar-
ried to Bessey Matson, in Sweden. December
31. 1853; thsir eight children are: Peter, John,
William, Arthur. Edwin, Celia. Bessy, and
Mary. Mr. Stromberg is a republican. He is a
member of the Lutheran Church.

SULLIVAN. DENNIS E.; Engineer; Gales-
burg; born January 31, 1861, in County Cork,
Ireland, where he was educated in the common
schools. His parents were William and Brid-
get Sullivan. He was married to Mary Mine-
han, in Shenandoah, Iowa, January 22, 1887.



Mr. Sullivan came to America in 1868, and lived
in South Boston till 1870, when he moved to
Iowa, where he resided till 1886. He began
work for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy
Railroad in January, 1876; in 1879, became
fireman, and was made an engineer in 1884.
From 1887 to October, 1889, he worked for the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and
returned to the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy, where he is an engineer at the present
time. In 1890, he moved to Galesburg, and in
1893, built his residence at 933 West Main
street. He is a member of the Knights of
Pythias. Mr. Sullivan is a member of the
Catholic Church. In politics, he is a democrat.

SULLIVAN, E. J.; Conductor; Galesburg;
born March 17, 1858, at Glens Falls, New York;
educated in Galesburg. His parents were Owen
and Mary (Moynahan) Sullivan, of Ireland.
They came to this country when they were
young, and were married at Glens Falls. His
father was a railroad man, came to Galesburg
in 1858, and was in the employ of the Chicago,
Burlington and Quincy Railroad until his death
in 1876. At the age of fourteen years, E. J.
Sullivan became a clerk in a clothing store in
Galesburg, and when sixteen years old, entered
the boiler shops of the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy Railroad. At the age of twenty,
he was a brakeman, and in 1881 was made a
conductor, which position he still holds. He
was married to Kittie Conley, of Galesburg,
September 29, 1891. Their children are: Hen-
rietta. Helen Marie, Josephine, and Eugene.
Mrs. Sullivan's father, Mark Conley, born in
Ireland, was a blacksmith, and an old resident
of Galesburg; her mother, Anna (Gettings)
Conley. came from Ireland to Galesburg when
she was nineteen years of age. Mr. Sullivan is
a member of the Order of Railway Conductors.
In religion, he is a Catholic. He is a repub-
lican.

SULLIVAN, JAMES EDWARD; Brakeman;
Galesburg; born October 29, 1864, in Galesburg.
Illinois, where he was educated. His parents,
Patrick and Anna (Ready) Sullivan, were born
in County Kerry, Ireland; his grandparents,
Jerry and Mary (Moyhinan) Sullivan, were
born in Ireland; his great-grandmother was
Julia (Dean) Sullivan. Patrick Sullivan came
to this country when a young man, and settled
at Glens Falls, New York, where two of his
children. Jerry and Mary, were born. He
worked in a lime kiln. He came to Galesburg
about 1857, and entered the employ of the Chi-
cago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company,
where he remained until his death. May 28,
1883. After his father's death, J. E. Sullivan
purchased the homestead to which he has
added other property. He entered the employ
of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Rail-
road Company in 1881, as an apprentice in the
paint shop, and after six years he became a
brakeman. which position he still holds. Mr.
Sullivan is a member of the Catholic Church.
In politics, he is a democrat.

SWAIN, P. H.; Conductor; Galesburg; born
November 11, 1855, in Ottawa, Canada:




cZ ft, /^:^''Afl^>t - 2-^



K^UX COUNTY.



educated in Illinois. His parents were William
Swain, of Ireland, and Rose (Barnes) Swain,
of Canada. He was married in October, 1877,
at Chillicothe, Missouri, to Ellen, daughter of
Thomas and Ellen Hickey, who are old resi-
dents of Knjx County. Mr. and Mrs. Swain
have one child, Rosella. Mr. Swain came with
his parents to Bureau County in 1857, and re-
moved to Cherokee County, Kansas, in 1871.
His father died in 1883; his mother is still liv-
ing. Mr. Swain was a farmer and coal miner
until 1874, when he came to Kno.x County and
entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy Railroad Company as brakeman.
He became conductor in August, 1878. He has
passed through three strikes, and is one of the



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