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Mosher. S. E. Mosher was Justice of the Peace
many years, holding that office to the close of
his life. He died in Galesburg, February 23,
1867, aged fifty-nine years. His wife died
March 10. 1857, aged forty-two years.

Mr. William J. Mosher was educated at Knox
College and at the Business College of Gales-
burg, and of the latter institution he was the
first graduate. He was married in Ontario
Township, November 26, 1868, to Sarah E. Wet-
more, daughter ol Theodore P. Wetmore. Three
children have been born to them: Grace Eve-
line. Cornelia Alice and George Emerson.
Grace E. graduated from Knox Conservatory

Mr. Mosher is a republican, and has been
School Trustee twenty-one years. He is owner
and manager of the factory of the Ontario
Cheese Company, located on his farm, which
was established by Samuel Chapman, who sold
out to the present company.


William J. Pittard, son of Job and Mary
(Thomas) Pittard, was born in Ontario Town-
ship, March 14. 1850. His parents were born
in Summerton. England, and came to the
United States in 1847. arriving at Chicago,
May 22. After having lived two years in Chi-
cago they settled on a farm in Knox County,
Illinois, where they became prosperous farm-
ers. They made additions to the eighty acres
of land first purchased, until they owned three
hundred and twenty acres of farm land, and
several town lots in Oneida. They moved to
Oneida, and, after residing there about two
years, went to the home of their son, William
J., where they both died, aged seventy-two and
seventy-one years, respectively. Politically,
Mr. Job Pittard was a republican. He was a
Congregationalist, and a deacon in the church
of which he was a worthy member. He became
paralyzed, and was for several years attended
by his daughter-in-law, Mrs. Mary A. Pittard,
who nursed him most faithfully through all
his suffering. Her own parents also died at
her home, and were ministered to by her with
loving care.

Mr. William J. Pittard was educated in the
common schools of Knox County. He was mar-
ried in Knox County. March 29. 1879, to Mary
A. Green, daughter of Daniel and Amy (Dewitt)
Green. Mr. Green was a native of the State of
New York. Mrs. Pittard was born in Henry
County, Illinois. March 4. 1854. They had three
children: Josie A. (who married Charles
Brown). Frank C and Edith Leona.

Mr. Pittard was a man of unimpeachable

honor, and highly respected by all. In religion,
he was a Presbyterian. He was a member of
the I. 0. O. F. In politics, he was a republican.
He died January 2, 1893.

Since the death of her husband, Mrs. Pittard,
with the assistance of her son, has managed
the farm consisting of about one hundred and
ten acres; she owns another farm of one hun-
dred ana sixty acres in Ontario Township.


Alvah Reynolds was born in Bedford, New
York, May 22, 1830. His father, Enoch
Reynolds, was born in Lewisboro, New York,
in 1794, and removed to Somers in 1811. He
was married in 1819 and in 1827 removed to
Bedford, where ne died at the age of eighty-
four years. His paternal grandfather, James
Reynolds, was a soldier in the Revolution, and
drew a pension. After the war he was a farmer
in New York State, and died at Crossriver (now
known as Lewisboro), New York. Maria
Reynolds, the mother of Alvah, was born near
the east line of Westchester County, New York,
and died in Bedford, New York, aged forty-five
years. Her father, Nathaniel Reynolds, was
a soldier in the Revolution, and drew a pen-
sion. He was a prisoner on Long Island. He
died at Crossriver (now Lewisboro), New York.

Mr. Alvah Reynolds was brought up on a
farm, but was apprenticed to a carpenter at the
age of sixteen, and followed the trade thirteen
years. He was married in Henry County, Illi-
nois, May 10, 1859, to Susannah Hayden, daugh-
ter of Jonathan a:nd Hulda (Reeves) Hayden,
pioneers of Henry County, where they settled
in 1853. Mr. Hayden now lives at Blairstown,
Iowa, and is ninety-one years of age. The
children of Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds are: Mrs.
Orlena F. Tracy. Mrs. Ida A. Crandall, Arthur
A., Charley C, Anna A and Jennie May.

In politics, Mr. Reynolds is a republican, and
in religion a Christian. He has been a school
director thirty-oix years. He bought one hun-
dred and sixty acres of land in Ontario Town-
ship, Knox County, which is now in a high
state of cultivation. He has been very suc-
cessful and added to nis farm from time to time
until he owned seven hundred and twenty acres
of land in Ontario Township, and in 1893 gave
each of his six children an eighty-acre farm,
and has a good farm left for himself. His farm
was excellent for stock raising, and Mr.
Reynolds is considered one of the most suc-
cessful stock raisers in the county; his success
may doubtless be attributed to industry and
strict economy. He is progressive, and has a
wide influence in the church and in the com-

ALLEN, WILFORD L.: Farmer; Ontario
Township; born October 31, 1857; educated in
Oneida, Knox County. He was married to Ger-
trude L. Finley, in Ontario Township, February
20, 1890. Mrs. Wilford Allen is a daughter of
J. Alexander Finley, a representative citizen of
Ontario Township. Mr. Allen has been a
farmer all his life. In leliglon. he is a Congre-
gationalist. He is a republican.

J'H )ii^u^


Ontario Township; born September 10. 1S32, in
Scotland, where he was educated. His parents
were James and Mary (Borland) Anderson, of
Ayrshire, Scotland. His grandparents were
James Anderson, born near Glasgow, Scotland,
and Andrew Borland, of Ayrshire, Scotland.
He was married to Mary A. McQuie at Oneida,
Illinois. December 21, ISGU. They have three
children: William H.; John H.; and Mary E.
who is the wife of Dr. A. F. Stewart. At the
age of eighteen, Mr. Anderson came to America
and located at Paris, Ontario, where he worked
at his trade of blacksmithing. In 1852, he came
to Victoria. Knox County. Illinois, and in 1857.
to Oneida, where he opened a shop. In 1864.
he bought a half interest in a hardware store
which he managed for five years. In 1874, he
began private banking, and in 1877, formed a
partnership, and operated under the firm name
of Anderson and Murdoch, of the Oneida Ex-
change Bank. Mr. Anderson became a mem-
ber of the Masonic fraternity in Oneida in
1861, and is a member of the I. O. 0. F. Oneida
Lodge. He has held many offices in these
orders. In politics. Mr. Anderson is inde-

Ontario Township; Harnessmaker; born April
20. 1838. near Dayton. Ohio. He is of Scotch-
Irish descent on his father's side, his great-
grandfather ana great-grandmother being
Scotch and Irish respectively. His grandfather
was born in South Carolina and was married
to Mary Penny, a native of the same State.
His father. John P. Anderson, was born in
Glasgo, Kentucky, and was married to Anna
Markham. who was born in Tennessee,
and was a daughter of Beverly Markham. who
was born In England, and of Elizabeth (Ward)
Markham, of Hanover County, Virginia. Eliza-
beth Markham was a first cousin of Henry
Clay and was his first teacher. Mr. John P.
Anderson came to Galesburg. Illinois. October
30. 1848, with his family. After a residence
here of ten years he moved to Lowell. Des
Moines County. Iowa, where he died in Febru-
ary, 1861, at the age of fifty-six. His wife died
in Galesburg in August. 1852. Mr. Reuben B.
Anderson was educated in Knox County and
married Marrietta Grofscup. August 17. 1862.
Jonathan Blanchard, formerly President of
Knox College, and now President of Wheaton
College, performing the ceremony. Eight
children were born to them: Frank F.;
Alice F.; Charles L.; Ira R.; Anna R.;
Kate C, deceased; Carl; and Mary E. Ira
R. Anderson is now on the United States
cruiser Prairie. Until the age of twenty. Mr.
Anderson was engaged in farming. He then
learned the harnessmaker's trade at Oquawka.
and practiced it for a short time at Quincy and
Burlington as a government employe. Return-
ing to Galesburg, he engaged in business until
August 11. 1862. when he joined Company D,
One Hundred and Second Volunteer Infantry.
He served until the end of the war. participat-
ing in the batUes of Resaca. New Hope

Church, Peach Tree Creek, and was in the
siege and battle of Atlanta, at Aversboro and
at Bentonville. He marched with Sherman
to the sei and through the Carolinas, and
took part in the grand review at Washington.
After two years of business life in Galesburg,
he went to Oneida, where he engaged in his
trade until May lb. 1898, when he went to Rock
Island to work in the harness department of
the United States arsenal, where he is now em-
ployed. He is a member of the Congregational
Church. In politics, he is independent.

BROWN, CHARLES M. C; Farmer; Ontario
Township; born September 3. 1S74, in Oneida,
Illinois; educated in Knox County. His par-
ents were Benjamin F. Brown, of Albany, New
York, and Jennie (McCornack) Brown, of Scot-
land. Mr. Brown was married to Josie Pittard,
in Knox County, December 25, 1895. They
have two children. Eva and Benjamin.

BURT. J. CALVIN; Oneida, Ontario Town-
ship; Farmer; born February 7, 1827, in Me-
dina County, Ohio, where he was educated.
Mr. Burt's parents were John and Lucinda
(Hammond) Burt, the former born in Taunton,
Massachusetts, the latter in Vermont. Mr.
Burt was Township Treasurer and Commis-
sioner for twenty years. In religion, he is a
Congregationalist. He is a prohibitionist.

Ontario Township; born May 3. 1818. in Mont-
gomery County. New York; educated in New
York State. His father, Jacob Clearwater, born
in New York, was of German descent, while
his mother, Esther (Shealy). also born in New
York, was of Scotch descent. April 13, 1856,
Abraham S. Clearwater was married to Mar-
garet Jane McGregor in Ontario Township.
Two children were born to them. Clark A.;
and Carrie L., wife of Charles Moore. Mar-
garet Jane McGregor was born in Matilda,
Canada; she was the daughter of John and
Jane (Wood) McGregor, who were natives of
Canada; they were of Scotch descent. Abra-
ham S. Clearwater came to Knox County in
the Fall of 1843, and bought eighty acres of
land in Section 30, which he converted into
one of the best farms in the township. Later
he added one hundred and three acres in Sec-
tion 29. besides timber land in Rio. A farmer
all his life, h's only official work was in some
local offices. His word was as good as his
note. He was a man of sterling traits of char-
acter, a good husband and father, of quiet dis-
position, and ever willing to aid a neighbor.
He united with the Baptist Church in 1837. In
politics, he was a republican. He died April
29. 1898.

COX. LEVI J.; Farmer; Ontario Township,
where he was born on Section 21, January 1,
1849; educated in Knox County. His parents,
James R. and Emma (Pittard) Cox, were born
in Somerton, Somersetshire, England, where
they were married. They came to the United
States in 1848. with his grandfather. Joseph
Cox. who was also born at Somerton. but died
in Kansas at the age of ninety-eight. The lat-
ter's wife, Sarah Davis, as well as Emma Pit-


tard and her father, were natives of Somerset.
James R. Cox was born in 1815, and died May
13, 1897, at the home of Levi J. Levi J. Cox
was reared on a farm, and at twenty-five years
of age he had only three hundred dollars. He
bought forty acres of land on Section 16 for two
thousand dollars, upon which he made a small
payment. By industry and economy he soon
paid for his farm, and now owns
four hundred and fifty-nine acres of land,
one hundred and twenty acres of which
he inherited from his father. Septem-
ber 3, 1873, he was married to Eliza-
beth West, in Galesburg. They have two chil-
dren, Arthur B. and Stewart J. Mrs. Cox's
father was Samuel West, a farmer of Green
County, Pennsylvania. He moved to Morgan
County, Ohio, and died there when seventy-
eight years old. His wife, Catherine Ander-
son, was of Scotch descent. She died in Ohio,
and her daughter came to Illinois with her
brother, Isaac P. West, and lived in Woodhull,
Henry County, until her marriage. Samuel
West's father, John, was kidnapped in Glas-
gow, Scotland, before the Revolution, and
brought to the colonies, where he was sold to
a Quaker near New York. He enlisted in the
Colonial Army, hoping to come across the sea
captain who had sold him. He settled in Green
County, Pennsylvania, where he died. Levi J.
Cox is an A. F. and A. M., Oneida Lodge, No.
337. In politics, he is independent.

EDWARDS, MRS. A. E.; Farmer; Ontario
Township; born December 10, 1852, in Stark
County, Illinois; educated in Knox County.
Her parents were George W. and Philena
(Green) Rome. Mrs. Edwards was married to
Samuel Edwards in Cambridge, Henry County,
Illinois, December 9, 1868. They have ten
children: John Franklin, George Nelson, Minnie
M., Arthur H., Myrtle A., Ernest C, Bertha P.,
Samuel 0., Amy M., Archie T. Mrs. Edwards
is a republican.

FAY, OSCAR LOCKE; Farmer; Ontario
Township; where he was born October 25, 1855;
educated in Oneida, Illinois. His parents were
Norman Fay, of Vermont, and Susan (Chap-
man) Fay, of New York. He was married to
Nellie B. Main in Ontario Township, March 18.
1891. He was brought up on the Fay home-
stead, and became a practical farmer and stock-
man and now has a well improved farm of
one hundred and sixty acres. His father,
Norman Fay. was born September 22, 1821, at
Saxton's River. Vermont; his parents were
John Fay, of Massachusetts, and Phoebe
(Locke) Fay, of Rockingham, Vermont; his
grandfather was Ebenezer Locke, of New
Hampshire. Mr. Norman Fay was married to
Susan Chapman, in Knox County, December 25,
1853. Two children were born to them, Oscar
Locke, and Sarah J. Norman Fay came to
Knox County in 1850, and in 1854, bought and
sold a farm, and m 1855, bought one hundred
and sixty acres of land in Ontario Township
where Oscar L. now lives; in April, 1891, he
moved to Oneida. His wife was a daughter of
Ezra and Sarah (Lanphere) Chapman, of

Whitesboro, Oneida County, New York. When
eight years old she came with her parents to
Knox County. Mr. 0. L. Fay is a republican,
and in April, 1899, was elected to the office of
Supervisor; he is a member of A. F. and A. M.
Oneida Lodge, and is a charter member at

Ontario Township; born in Delaware County,
Ohio, March 26, 1839. His father, Joseph Fin-
ley, was born in Highland County, Ohio, in
1807, and after the death of his wife, came
with his family, in 1843, to Illinois,
where he settled on Section 21, Ontario
Township, where he farmed until his
death in 1865, at the age of fifty-eight.
His mother, Jane, died in Delaware County,
Ohio, in 1841. His paternal grandfather, Joseph
Finley, was of Scotch descent, and was born in
Pennsylvania, and his maternal grandfather,
John Ferris, was born in West Virginia. Mr.
Finley was educated in Illinois. April 23, 1861,
he enlisted in Company D, First Illinois Cav-
alry, furnishing his own horse and equipments.
At the battle of Lexington, Missouri, after a
gallant fight, he and his regiment were cap-
tured and paroled, September 20, 1861. When
the regiment reorganized in December, he
joined it and served until his honorable dis-
charge in July, 1862. After his return to Knox
County he resumed grain and stock farming,
and is to-day one of the foremost farmers of
Ontario Township. He was married to Mary
B. Cox in Knox County, November 5, 1868.
They had five children: Gertrude Louisa, wife
of W. L. Allen: Georgia Elizabeth; Joseph
Orton; Clyde Alexander and Lucy Beatrice,
who are students in Knox College, the former
being a well known athlete. The parents of
Mrs. Finley, Jo.^'eph Levi and Elizabeth (Cog-
gin) Cox, were an old and honored English
family who came to America in 1853. bringing
with them their daughter, Mary, who was born
in Sommersetshire, February 18, 1846. They
settled in Ontario Township, Knox County,
where the mother died, leaving three daugh-
ters, Mrs. Finley, Lucy A., and Sarah G. Cox,
Mr. Finley is a member of the Congregational
Church. In politics, he is a republican.

tario Township; born in Licking County, Ohio,
October 18, 1815; educated in Ohio. She was
married to James M. Fleming in Muskingum
County, Ohio, March 10, 1836. Their three chil-
dren are: Susan Mary, born December 30,
1847, who afterwards married T. J. Barnes;
Emily A., born January 18, 1850, married to
Fulton N. Scott, and died September 1, 1876;
and Clay, who died September 15, 1853.
Ira J., son of Mr. and Mrs. P. N. Scott, is
in Denver, Colorado. Mrs. Fleming's parents,
William Wells and Susan (Bigelow), were
from Connecticut, and were married March 23,
1814. Mr. Wells died May 8, 1823, aged thirty-
six years. His wife died in Ohio when over
eighty years old. Mrs. Fleming went to live
with Rev. Solomon S. Miles and his wife, Ann
Eliza (Gilmore), who was a minister of the

{7/Ul-^n ^'M^d



Presbyterian but changed to the Congrega-
tional Church. They came to Knox County and
settled on a farm near Gilson, where they died,
and their son Rufus inherited the farm. Mrs.
Fleming was about twelve years old when she
went to live with them in Newark, Ohio. After
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Fleming settled
\ipon her father's farm of six hundred and
eighty acres, which they afterwards sold. They
then moved to Knox County. Illinois, where
they bought one hundred and sixty acres of
land in Ontario Township. They moved to
Oneida in 1S56. Mr. Fleming died in 1867. Mr.
Fleming was a republican; he was a great
temperance man, and a well informed, intelli-
gent citizen. Mrs. Fleming is charitable and
kind-hearted and enjoys the good-will and re-
spect of all who know her.

HANNAM. WILLIAM; Farmer; Ontario
Township; born in England, April IS, 1S54;
educated in Sparta Township. Knox County.
His parents. Charles and Elizabeth (Thorn)
Hannam; his paternal grandparents, John and
Rhoda (Vile) Hannam; and his maternal
grandparents, William and Ann (Brown)
Thorn, were natives of England. Mr. Hannam
was married to Lillie Fooks, in Sparta town-
ship, February 25, 1886. Their children are:
George Walter, Alta Vera, and Mark Paul. In
politics, he is a republican.

HOLM, JOHN; Farmer: Ontario Township;
born July 18, 1850, in Smoland. Sweden; edu-
cated in the district schools. His parents were
Nils P., and Anna L. (Larson) Holm, of
Sweden; the father lives with his son John, the
mother died in Sweden; his grandfathers were
Magnuson Nelson and Lars Johnson. His
first wife was Aleda Olson. Their children
were: Selan K. M., wife of Frank Seastrand;
J. Otto; Ellen 0.; Frank Edwin; Frederick L.;
Minnie V.; and Leda. His second marriage was
in Galesburg, February 7, 1893, to Helen Eric-
son. They have one child. Lester G. Mr. Holm
landed at Quebec, and came to Galesburg in
1868. He worked for farmers for five years.
and then rented land until 1884. He bought
the Wheeler farm of eighty acres, wiich he sold
in 1887, and bought one hundred and sixty
acres in Section 22, where he now lives. He
owns another farm of eighty-three acres on
Section 16. Mr. Holm is a republican. He
has been a School Director.

HOLT. MARTIN S.; Farmer; Ontario Town-
ship; born September 7. 1836, at Lykens, Craw-
ford County, Ohio, where he was educated. His
parents were Sidney Holt, of Madison. Oneida
County, New York, and Ruth (Andrews) Holt,
of Pennsylvania. He was married to Martha
Pittard in Ontario Township, Illinois, Decem-
ber 28, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Holt have five chil-
dren: Albert Allen, Mary E., George H., Sid-
ney v., and Frank W. Mr. Holt belongs to the
Congregational Church. In politics, he is a re-

Ontario Township; born February 27, 1831, in
Edinburgh, Scotland; educated in Edin]5urgh.

His father, James Mackintosh, and his grand-
parents, Donald and Elspeth (Forbes) Mackin-
tosh, came from Scotland. In religious faith,
Mr. Mackintosh was a Swedenborgian. He was
a republican.

tario Township;, daughter of George W. Mel-
ton; educated in the common schools. She was
reared on the homestead in Knox County and
moved to Oneida in 1892. Since January. 1894,
she has taken the place of mother to a nephew
and three nieces named Melton; Albert R.,
Bessie A., Catharine N., and Grace A. George
W. Melton was born September 5, 1811, and was
a son of David and Catherine (Phrimmer) Mel-
ton, who settled in Henderson Township in
May, 1834. He was married March 26, 1836, to
Mary Ann Riley, the daughter of William and
Ellen (Jewel) Riley. In 1837. he settled on
Section 31, Ontario Township, where he died
in 1891, aged eighty years. His wife died in
Oneida at the age of seventy-nine. Ten of
their eleven children reached maturity: Eliza-
beth; Henry; William; Lucinda; Elvira;
Catherine, deceased; Medora; Ella; Loraine;
Lillian; and George. Mr. Melton is remem-
bered as a generous and kind man. He was a
prosperous farmer, and reputed to be worth
$100,000. In politics he was a staunch repub-
lican. Mr. and Mrs. Melton were members of
the Congregational Church. They celebrated
their golden wedding in 1886. Mrs. Melton
was an excellent manager, and to her Mr. Mel-
ton attributed much of his success in life.

hardware merciiant; born in Orange Township,
Illinois, October 20, 1852. His parents were
Samuel and Elizabeth (Bruce) Metcalf, of Ver-
mont and New York respectively. The an-
cestry of the lamily is English, the first Metcalf
settlers coming to America before the Revolu-
tionary War. His grandfather Samuel was
born in New York and was a soldier in the
War of 1812. He settled in Orange Township,
and died at the age of seventy, his wife living
to be eighty-one years old. He was a Congre-
gationalist, and a deacon in the church for
many years. Albert D. Metcalf was educated in
the common schools, and at Knox College,
from which he graduated in 1S75. At that time
he owned an interest in the lumber and grain
business at Oneida, which was operated under
the firm name of Jones and Metcalf. He after-
wards sold out and engaged in the lumber
business with his brother until 1890. They then
went into the hardware business with A. W.
Jones, whose interest they afterwards pur-
chased. The firm of Metcalf Brothers have
greatly enlarged their stock, and carry farm
implements, harness and buggies. In 1891,
Mr. Metcalf became President of the Oneida
State Bank. He was married May 4. 1876, to
Eva J. Muzzy, who was born in Pennsylvania,
and was a daughter of John and Saloma (Chit-
tenden) Muzzy, of Massachusetts. Mr. Muzzy
died during the Civil War. In politics. Mr.
Metcalf is a prohibitionist. He is a Deacon


in the Congragationalist Church, and has been
Superintendent oi! the Sunday school for twen-
ty-three years.

MITCHELL, SAMUEL P.; Farmer and Real
Estate Dealer; Ontario Township; born March
30, 1855, in Cassville, Ohio; educated in the
common schools and Monmouth Academy. His
father was born ..lay 26, 1820, and was married
March 19, 1844; he died November 2, 1898. His
mother, Nancy Ann (Nash) Mitchell, was born
August 9, 1820 She is now living in Oneida.
Mr. Mitchell was married September 2, 1880.
to Mary E. Allen. Their children are: Newton
Wright; William Arthur, deceased; Frederick,
deceased; Lula Mabel; and Irma Ann. Mr.
Mitchell came to Sparta Township when ten
years of age. He became a practical and suc-
cessful farmer. In 1884, he went to Columbus,
Kansas, where for three years he was an exten-
sive dealer in farm lands. He also spent a win-
ter at Pasadena. California, and for a year en-
gaged in the milling business at Columbus, Kan-
sas. He returned to Oneida, Knox County, and
located on a farm of eighty acres. He is now
managing his father's estate. Mr. Mitchell is an
Elder in the Presbyterian Church, and is also
Sunday School Superintendent. In politics, he
Is a republican. He has served as School Di-
rector of his township.

MURDOCH, FRANK; Banker: Ontario
Township; born September 2, 1842, in Ayrshire.
Scotland; educated in Ohio and Illinois. His
parents, Thomas D. and Janet (Snithers) Mur-
doch, and his maternal grandparents, James
and Mary (Watson) Struthers, came from
Scotland, as did his paternal grandparents,
Francis and Janet (Nimo) Murdoch. His
parents came to Trumbull County, Ohio, in

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