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ner, George Miranda, Theophilus Farquer, J. F.
Mire, Samuel Kite, D. W. Butt, Isaac Wilhelm,
W. G. Sargeant, G. W. Butt, Daniel Flood, Mil-
ton Dipper, Charles Haptenstall, John Suther-
land, Thomas Wesley and S. M. Butt. Richard
F. Mire, Green White, Samuel Strine, Drury
Dalton, Samuel Gullett, William Bolden and
S. C. Arie.

The veterans now living in Persifer are:
Frank Beamer, G. W. Butts, Silas Berkshire,
William Dalton, George England, T. B. Farquer,
Alfred Gardner, Jacob La Folplette, David
Ramp, Jerry Syler, William G. Sargeant, Simeon
Temple, James Warrensford and Jerry Wallack.
Charles Clark was the only volunteer during
the Spanish-American War of 1S9S.

Trenton was laid out on the northwest quar-
ter of the southeast quarter of Section 25, on
July 30, 1839, by Hiram Bowman. It once con-
tained a grocery, a small pottery and brick yard
and a tavern. There are now two dwellings on
the site.

The village was laid out by the Hon. J. H.
Lewis, in the Spring of 1SS8, on the southeast
quarter of Section 16. Mills Voris was the sur-
veyor. It contains a freight and express office,
two stores, a grain elevator, a blacksmith shop,
a carpenter shop, a lumber yard and nine dwell-
ings. E. J. Steffln is postmaster. Persifer Town
Hall, which cost over six hundred dollars, is
here. Some grain and a large quantity of stock
are shipped from here annually. During the
last year W. H. McElwain shipped more than
fifty cars of hogs.

This place was laid out in the Summer of
18SS, by the Santa Fe Town and Land Com-
pany. It is held in the name of the president
of that company and contains 47.74 acres. It
stands on the northwest quarter of Section 24.
It contains a freight and express office, two
stores, a blacksmith shop, a grain elevator, and
twenty-five dwellings, one of which is a board-
ing house. The railroad has a pump house and
tank, and a fine bridge over Spoon River. R. J.
Bedford is the village doctor and William G.
Sargeant is postmaster and notary. There is a
good school house, and a Mormon church, dedi-
cated in 1896 under the name of "The Reorgan-
ized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day

Saints." D. C. Smith is the minister and lead-
ing man of this organization.


Mr. Frank S. Beamer is a careful and thrifty
farmer, and one of the successful men in Per-
sifer Township. He was born March 10, 1844,
in Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania,
and received his education in the same county.
The family is of German descent. His paternal
grandfather died in Maryland. Jacob Beamer,
father of Frank S., was born in Carroll County,
Maryland, and died in Gettysburg. Pennsyl-
vania. His mother, Ann Polly, was a daughter
of John Wentz; she died in Gettysburg.

Mr. Beamer was reared on a farm in Adams
County. Pennsylvania. In October, 1S62, at the
age of eighteen, he enlisted for nine months in
Company G., One Hundred and Fifteenth Regi-
ment of Pennsylvania troops, taking the place
of a poor cousin who was the head of a large
family; the consideration he received from
his cousin, for this service, was a horse. He
served in the Department of Fortress Monroe
until July, 1863, when he was honorably dis-
charged. In August, 1864, he re-enlisted, in an
independent company of U. S. cavalry, for one
hundred days. February 15, 1865, he enlisted in
Company G. of the Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania
Volunteers, and was honorably discharged Sep-
tember, 1S65. After the war, Mr. Beamer re-
mained in Pennsylvania until the Spring of 1867.
It was on the 18th of March of that year that
he arrived in Knoxville, Illinois, where he
bought a team with money he had saved while
he was in the army, and went to farming two
miles north of Gilson. He lived nine years on
a farm in Knox Township, and bought one hun-
dred and sixty acres of land in Persifer Town-
ship, the southwest quarter of Section 8, where
he removed in the Spring of 1877 and began to
improve the farm. He has given especial atten-
tion to stock-raising, and it is in this that he
has had the greatest success. He not only feeds
his cattle all the grain from his farm, but buys
a large amount for the same purpose. He now
owns three hundred and ninety-five acres of

February 25, 1869, Mr. Beamer was married
in Knoxville to Mary E., daughter of James
England, deceased, formerly of Bedford County,
Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Beamer have had
two children: Harry E.; and Maggie A., wife
of Charles Myers.

Mr. Beamer is a member of the G. A. R. at
Knoxville. In politics, he is a republican; he
has been Road Commissioner, and has held
school offices.


The early life of George Stevens was one of
roving and adventure. He was horn in Phila-
delphia, and was but a small lad when he ran
away from home and went by sailing vessel to
New Orleans, where he was taken sick and went
to the hospital. An old gentleman conceived a
friendly interest for the young adventurer, and


took him to his home, but the roving spirit
was too strong, and young Stevens left his
kind-hearted friends and went into Mexico,
where he herded sheep. He went from Mexico
to California in 1849, and then to Denver, Colo-
rado, where he worked in a saw and flour mill
for D. C. Oakes. He afterwards went to Lead-
ville with Isaac N. Rafferty and engaged in gold
mining. They remained there only about two
months, during which time they secured about
$24,000 in gold, which they took to the mint in
Philadelphia and had made into coin.

Mr. Stevens made and lost several fortunes;
and returning to Denver, he engaged in the real
estate and brokerage business. He returned
East to Madison County, Ohio, where his former
partner, Mr. Rafferty, resided, and when Mr.
Rafferty came to Illinois to be married, Mr.
Stevens came with him, and in 1860, bought the
old Robinson White farm in Persifer Township,
Section 28. The farm comprised four hundred
and seventy acres and Mr. Stevens leased it for
five years. He then went to Nevada where he
became a successful mine operator, at one time
employing six hundred men. He made three
trips to California on horseback, riding a fa-
mous Indian pony, "Mitchell," purchased from
the Indians. The pony reached the age of thirty-

Mr. Stevens was an excellent business man,
and bought and sold much stock and real estate;
at the time of his death he owned twelve hun-
dred and fifty-seven acres of land. On account
of his physical and mental endowments he was
a leader among men, and his sterling, manly
qualities were quickly recognized by western
people. He was a famous athlete, and among
the Indians and frontiersmen, many stories were
told of his feats in jumping and running. He
was a personal friend of the famous Kit Carson,
and later was one of the dashing and daring
riders of the "pony express." His character
was active, honest, straightforward and open-

Mr. Stevens was married to Hannah P. Raf-
ferty, in Galesburg, Illinois. Six of their chil-
dren are now living: Lucinda B., wife of Jacob
DeBolt: George W.; Mary V., wife of George K.
Sherman, of Knoxville; Eleanor E., wife of
Geortz West, of Galesburg; John B.. and Milo
A. Mrs. Stevens was a daughter of William B.
and Susanna (Denny) Rafferty, of Abingdon,
who came to Illinois when Mrs. Stevens was
fourteen years of age. Since she was thirteen
years of age she has been a member of the
Christian Church.

In politics, Mr. Stevens was a democrat, and
he was ever Interested and well posted in na-
tional affairs. He died March 26, 1897.


John Wyman, son of Arthur and Anna (Salts)
Wyman. was born in Vinton County, Ohio, July
2.5, 1830. He received a common school educa-
tion. His father was a native of New York
State. His maternal grandfather was Edward

Mr. Wyman came to Persifer Township, Knox
County, Illinois, when twenty-four years of age.
He was a single man, and began life on a small
scale. When he arrived in Illinois, he had as
capital $210 in cash, with which he bought
stock and grazed and fed them. Prospering in
this undertaking, he soon after purchased eighty
acres of land. He was in debt, but was pos-
sessed with energy which insures success. He
was soon able to discharge all his indebtedness,
and to engage in larger business enterprises.
He bought more stock, and purchased more land
so that at one time he owned not less than
twelve hundred acres. If Mr. Wyman now pos-
sesses less land than formerly, it is because he
has adopted the plan of giving a farm to each
of his sons. Mr. Wyman is a wealthy man, a
generous and kind-hearted father. These qual-
ities of mind and of heart are as clearly exhib-
ited in the wider relations of life as in those
of the family. He is a good counsellor, a trusted
friend, a kind neighbor, and is always ready to
extend a helpmg hand to the unfortunate and
the distressed. Honest in his dealings with his
fellowmen, he has made it clear to those who
know him that wealth may be accumulated
with no taint of dishonor; that a strong pur-
pose aided by integrity, economy, and perse-
verance, is still the most potent factor in secur-
ing the double harvest of life — material pros-
perity and a noble manhood.

Mr. Wyman was married to Hannah, daughter
of Daniel Taylor, December 22, 1854. She died
April 8, 1864; there were three children: Henry,
who married Lovina Montgomery; Charles, who
married Effie Wilson; and Eunice Ann, the wife
of Edward Russel.

October 17, 1867, he married, at Knoxville, Illi-
nois, Katharine, daughter of Frederick and
Eliza (Hammond) Mundwiler. Three children
were born to them: Eliza, wife of Guy Manley;
Arthur, who married Fannie Farquer; and Ida
J., wife of Harvey England. Mrs. Wyman's
father was born in York County, Pennsylvania;
her mother was a native of Franklin County, in
the same State; they came to Knox County, Illi-
nois, when Mrs. Wyman was twenty years of

Mr. Wyman is a republican. He has not
sought office; but for many years served his
township in the capacity of Road Commis-
sioner, and his influence in town affairs has
been extensive and valuable.

ADAMS, AUSTIN; Farmer; Persifer Town-
ship; born October 3, 1868, in Elba Township,
Knox County, Illinois. His father, Ziba Adams,
and his mother, Delia Gullet, were natives of
Ohio. He received his education in Elba Town-
ship and in Galesburg. Mr. Adams was mar-
ried to Susie Rafferty, March 15, 1899, at Peoria,
Illinois. Mr. Adam's father came from Ohio to
Knox County about 1846, and settled in Persifer
Township, and later removed to Elba Township.
In early life he worked on a farm, and in 1892,
began farming for himself in Persifer Township.
Mr. Adams has those habits of industry and
economy which are at once the prerequisites
and the harbingers of success. In religious be-


K X X V U N '1" Y.


lief. Mr. Adams is a Methodist. He is a demo-

ANDERSON, PETER: Farmer; Persifer
Township; born in Sweden in 1S44, where he
was educated. His parents were Andrew and
Mary (Olson) Anderson, of Sweden. He was
married Decsmoer, 1S89, in Marshall County,
Illinois, to Elizabeth Carr. daughter of Edwin
and Catherine (Foster) Carr, of Ohio. Their
children are; Christine Mabel and Paul E. Mr.
Anderson came from Sweden in 1869 and began
as a farm hand near Knoxville. Illinois. With
his earnings he bought a farm in 1888. and by
energy and economy established himself near
Dahinda and became a prosperous farmer. Mr.
Anderson was a member of the Lutheran
Church. In politics, he was a republican. He
died Julv 24, 1899.

Farmer; Persifer Township; born August 25,
1846, in Ohio. Educated in Knox County. His
parents were James and Margaret (Claypole)
Dawson, of Ohio. Mr. Dawson was married to
Filetta Corbin in 1869, in Persifer Township.
Their children are; Leon Lewis; Joseph
Rollie; James Albert: Charles Wilbert; Nellie
Alvilda: Etta May; Jasper Winfield; and Harley.
an infant, deceased. Mr. Dawson's parents came
to Knox County when he was eight years of age,
and settled on a farm, where they lived until
the death of his mother. His father then sold
out and went to Kansas, where he died. Mr.
Dawson remained in Knox County and still
lives on his farm near Dahinda. His family are
at home with the exception of one son. Lewis,
who married and is farming elsewhere. Mr.
Dawson is a democrat and has been a School

GARDNER, ALFRED; Farmer; Persifer
Township; born July 18, 1839, in Ohio; edu-
cated in Knox County, Illinois. His father,
Alfred Gardner, was born in New York State;
his mother, Jane (Collins) Gardner, was a na-
tive of Ohio; his grandfather, Caleb
Gardner, was born in the State of New
York: his grandmother's name was Lydia
Thurston; his maternal grandfather, John
Collins, was a native of Virginia, and his
maternal grandmother, Beca (Ennas), was also
a native of Virginia. The Gardner family came
from Ohio to Knox County when Alfred was
three months old. and settled on a farm in
Persifer Township. In 1862, Mr. Gardner en-
listed in Company H, One Hundred and Second
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, serving till the
close of the war. He was with Sherman's army,
and took part in all the battles in which the
regiment was engaged. He endured many
hardships, and his health was so impaired that
he has never fully recovered; he draws a pen-
sion. Mr. Gardner was married to Sarah E.
Lorance. November 3, 18.5.5. in Iowa. Thirteen
children have been born to them: Alfred,
Isaac H., Eliza Jane, and Jacob H.. deceased:
Sherman: Martha H.; Charlie; Albert; Mary;
Benjamin; Leonard; Verner; and Lorance. Mr.
Gardner is a Protestant. In politics, he is a

GULLETT, JOSHUA; Farmer and black-
smith; Persifer Township; born June 12, 1823,
in Putnam County, Indiana; educated in In-
diana and North Carolina. His parents were
Joshua GuUett. from Delaware, and Barbara
(Housh) Gullett from Germany: his paternal
grandp.-jrents were Joshua Gullett, of Ireland,
and Elizabeth (Barnes) Gullett, of Nantucket,
Massachusetts; his maternal grandparents
were Adam and Becka Housh, of Germany. Mr.
Gullett was married to Deliah Upton, in North
Carolina in 1849. Their children are: William,
deceased; Barbarian; and Mary Marlish, de-
ceased. The grandfather of Mr. Gullett fought
in the Revolution. His parents were married
in Indiana and cams to Illinois in 1839; the
father died in 1880. Mr. Gullett retained part
of the homestead, and has increased its area by
purchase. He is a blacksmith by trade, and
has a shop on his farm. He is one of the old-
est and mo5t respected citizens of Persifer
Township. Mr. Gullett is a democrat.

HINTHORN, JOHN F.; Station Agent at
Dahinda, Persifer Township, Knox County; was
born in McLean County, Illinois, June 3, 1858.
His parents, Silas James and Rachel (Lindsey)
Hinthorn, were married in Fulton County, Illi-
nois, and began their married life in McLean
County, on a farm where his father had lived
from childhoo.1 To them were born two sons,
the younger dying in infancy. When about
three years of age his mother was taken sick
with quick consumption, and the family re-
moved to Fulton County, to her father's, where
she died after an illness of about six months.
His father returned to McLean County, leaving
John F. with his grandparents, Reuben Lindsey
and wife. Soon after the breaking out of the
Civil War, his father enlisted in one of the
volunteer companies then being organized in
Bloomington, Illinois, and served about three
years, nearly all of which time he was in active
service, without having received a wound. He
lived in McLean, Woodford, and Tazewell coun-
ties until his death near Peoria in April, 1899.
at the age of sixty-six years. John F. Hinthorn
remained with his grandparents, near Vermont,
Illinois, until eighteen years of age, when he
went to Bushill, Illinois, and learned the
trade of harnessmaking. at which he worked
until 1882. He then studied telegraphy and
sti-tion agency on the Wabash, St. Louis and
Peoria Railroad, at Waverly, Illinois, where he
worked for five years, finally leaving the serv-
ice of that company at Grafton, Illinois. He
immediately went to Kansas and accepted a like
position with the Atchison. Topeka and Santa
Fe Railroad, working at various places until
February, 1888, when he accepted a similar
position at the company's station at Dahinda,
Illinois, where he is still employed. Mr.
Hinthorn was married to Asenath Booth at
Knoxville. Illinois, November 1, 188.5. They
have two children: James E. and Clinton B.
Mrs. Asenath Hinthorn was born and reared in
Knoxville. Illinois. Her father. Edwin Booth,
was born in Connecticut, February 26, 1810, and
died November 25, 1885. Her mother, Nancy



(Fuller) Booth, was born in New York State
July 10, 1819, and died February 8, 1899. Mr.
and Mrs. Booth were married in the East and
moved to Illinois at a comparatively early day,
finally settling in Knoxville, where they re-
sided until their death. They had three chil-
dren, Asenath being the youngest. She is a
■woman of true Christian character, a faithful
wife and devoted mother. Mr. and Mrs.
Hinthorn are especially interested in church and
faunday school work, and are members of the
Methodist Church, Mr. Hinthorn being Superin-
tendent of the Sunday school. In politics, Mr.
Hinthorn is a prohibitionist.

MILES, JOSEPH W.; Farmer; Persifer Town-
ship, where he was born March 6, 1864; edu-
cated in the common schools and at Knox Col-
lege. His parents were Rufus W. Miles, ot
Newark, Ohio, and Mary Jane (Bruce) Miles,
of Walingtord, Vermont. His paternal grand-
parents were Rev. Solomon S. Miles, born in
Belpre, Ohio, in 1794, and Eliza Ann (Gilmore)
Miles, of Rutland, Vermont: his maternal
grandparents were Silas and Hannah D. (Scott)
Bruce, of Vermont; his paternal great-grand-
parents were Captain Benjamin and Hannah
(Buckminster) Miles, of Massachusetts, the for-
mer of Rutland. Mr. Joseph Miles was mar-
ried ,in Persifer Township, Section 28. Septem-
ber 6, 1896, to Mary E. Derham. Their two
children are deceased.

MILES, RUFUS W.: Farmer; born Septem-
ber 2i, 1822, at Newark, Ohio; educated in the
common schools of Ohio, and at Knox College,
Galesburg, Illinois. His parents were Rev. S. S.
Miles, of Belpre. Ohio, and Eliza Ann (Gilmore)
Miles, of Rutland, Vermont. His paternal grand-
parents were Benjamin and Hannah (Buckmin-
ster) Miles, of Massachusetts, the former of
Rutland. His maternal grandfather was John
Gilmore; his paternal great-grandparents were
Captain Benjamin Miles, and Mary (Hubbard)
Miles, of Concord, Massachusetts. Rufus W.
Miles came to Illinois in 1836. when fourteen
years old. He crossed the plains in 1850, re-
turning in 1851 by way of Panama and New
York. Mr. Miles was married near Knoxville
January IS, 1849, to Mary J. Bruce. Their chil-
dren are: Lucy W., Hannah E., Emma M.,
James H., Rufus H., Joseph W., M. Jennie. Mr.
Miles was a member of the Presbyterian
Church. In politics, he was a republican, and
during the last forty years of his life he was
almost constantly in public office. The public
service that he liked best to remember was that
rendered as a member of the building commit-
tee of the Knox Countv Alms House.

SUTHERLAND, SAMUEL: Farmer: Persifer
Township: born January 14, 1839, in Athens
County, Ohio. His father, Alexander Suther-
land, was born in Washington Coimty, Penn-
sylvania: his mother. Harriet Leeper, was born
in the same State; his grandfather, John Suther-
land, was a native of Glasgow, Scotland; his
grandmother was a native of Maryland; his
maternal grandfather, Samuel Leeper, and his
maternal grandmother, Ann Evert, were na-
tives of Pennsylvania. Mr. Sutherland was

married to Anna E. Diefenderfer in 1859, at
Knoxville, Illinois; they have eleven children:
William Alexander, Alpheus J., Ulysses, Frank,
Victoria, Romane, Ellen Jane, George S.,
Claude W., Anna Myrtle, Ivy Glenn. Mr. Suth-
erland was educated in Pennsylvania. His
father, Alexander Sutherland, came with his
family from Pennsylvania to Knox County,
Illinois, In April, 1852, and settled on a farm in
Persifer Township. Samuel went to California,
and in three years he accumulated sufficient
means to purchase the farm on which his
father first located, after which his father and
mother came to live with him. His father died
in 1870; his mother is still living at the age of
eighty-six years, being at this time the oldest
person in the township. A poor boy, Mr.
Sutherland began life by working by the
month, and through persistent energy and
economy, has become one of the most pros-
perous farmers in Knox County. In politics,
Mr. Sutherland is a republican, and has held
the office of Assessor, Collector, Constable,
Commissioner of Highways, Trustee of Schools,
and is at present School Director in District
No. 2.

Farmer; Persifer Township: born October 19,
1859, in Truro Township, Illinois. His father,
Samuel Sutherland, was born in Athens County,
Ohio; his mother, Ann Elizabeth (Diefenderfer)
Sutherland, was born in Union County, Penn-
sylvania; his grandparents, Alexander and Har-
riet (Leeper) Sutherland, were natives of Penn-
sylvania, the latter of Washington County.
John Sutherland, the great-grandfather of
William Alexander, was born in Glasgow,
Scotland: his great-grandmother was Susan
Norris. Mr. Sutherland was married to Emma
Prosser July 2, 1884, in Stark County, Illinois.
Two children have been born to them: Char-
lotte I., deceased; and Fern. John Prosser, the
father of Mrs. Sutherland, was born in England;
her mother, Elizabeth Prosser, was a native of
Pennsylvania. Mr. W. A. Sutherland began life
for himself at the age of nineteen years, and
found employment in Stark County. He at-
tended school for several winters and ob-
tained a good common school education.
Mr. and Mrs. Sutherland removed to
Knox County in the Pall of 1884, having
saved enough money while working by the
month to make a payment on his farm in
Persifer Township, upon which he now lives.
Mr. Sutherland has shown much interest in the
progress of Persifer Township, and has held the
office of Township Clerk for eight years with
credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his
fellow townsmen. He is a member of the
Masonic order, and has attained the degree of
Chapter Mason: he is also a member of the
Modern Woodmen of America. Mr. Sutherland
is a man of energy and push, and with the as-
sistance of an economical wife, has paid for his
farm under adverse circumstances. In politics,
he is a republican.

WILSON, FRANCIS M.; Farmer and stock-
breeder; Persifer Township; born on the home-

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stead, which he now owns, September 1, 1849;
educated in Galesburg. His father, Francis
Wilson, was twice married; first, to Nancy Mc-
Pherrin; the second marriage was with Eliza-
beth McPherrin, both o£ whom were born in
Ohio. Of the first marriage there were three
children: George W., Thomas and Elizabeth.
His first wife died January 3, 1838. Mr. Wilson
had seven children by his second wife; John;
James A.; Francis M.; Drucilla J. and Mary
C, deceased. The mother died August 15,
1882. Mr. F. M. Wilson was married to Clara
A. Thomas, in Kansas, January 13, 1SS6. There
were four children: Ella, who died in her
ninth year; F. Earle; Harley R.; and Nellie M.
Mrs. Wilson's father, William Thomas, was
born in Warren County, Indiana, in 1S36, and
was educated in the common schools. He mar-
ried Elizabeth Odell, of his native county; there
were nine children: Adeline. James. Clara A.,
Julia, Maryette, Harry, Edward, Franklin and
Myrtle. Both parents are now living in Kansas.
Mr. Wilson's family came to Knox County in
18,S6, and settled in Persifer Township in 1838.
The ancestry of the family is Scotch-Irish and
Welsh. Mr. Wilson is one of the trustees of the
Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics, he is
a democrat.

WYMAN, ARTHUR; Farmer; Persifer Town-
ship, where he was born October 2, 1S70; edu-
cated in the common schools. He was married
to Fannie Farquer, July 27, 1893, in Knox
County; they have three children: Clana Ger-
trude, Earl G. and Lena. His father, John Wy-
man, was born in Ohio; his mother's name was
Katharine Mundwiler. Mr. Arthur Wyman's
father came to Knox County, Illinois, from
Ohio when a young man. He had scant savings
from wages at thirteen dollars a month while
working in Ohio. By hard work, careful man-

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