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known as Ogee's Ferry. The tide of travel to the
lead-mine region caused botli the mail-route and
the ferry to prove profitable, and, as the half-
breed ferrj'man could not endure prosperity, Mr.
Dixon was forced to buy him out, removing liis
family to this point in April, 1830. Here he
established friendly relations with the Indians,
and, during the Black Hawk War ,two years later,
was enabled to render valuable service to the
State. His .station was for many years one of
the most important points in Northern Illinois,
and among the men of national reputation who

were entertained at different times at his home,
may be named Gen. Zachary Taylor, Albert Sid-
ney Jolinston, Gen. Winfield Scott, Jefferson
Davis, Col. Robert Anderson, Abraham Lincoln,
Col. E. D. Baker and many more. He bought the
land where Dixon now stands in 1835 and laid off
the town ; iu 1838 was elected b}' the Legislature
a member of the Board of Public Works, and, in
1840, secured the removal of tlie land office from
Galena to Dixon. Colonel Dixon was a delegate
from Lee County to the Republican State Con-
vention at Bloomington, in May, 1856, and,
although then considerably over 70 years of age,
spoke from the same sta,nd with Abraham Lin-
coln, his presence producing much enthusiasm.
His death occurred, July 6, 1876.

DOANE, John Wesley, merchant and banker,
was born at Thompson, Windham County, Conn.,
March 33. 1833 ; was educated in the common
schools, and, at 23 years of age, came to Chicago
and opened a small grocery store which, by 1870,
had become one of the most extensive concerns
of its kind in the Northwest. It was swept out
of existence by the fire of 1871, but was re-estab-
lished and, in 1873, transferred to other parties,
although Mr. Doane continued to conduct an
importing business in many lines of goods used in
the grocery trade. Having become interested in
the Merchants' Loan & Trust Company, he was
elected its President and has continued to act in
that capacitj'. He is also a stockholder and a
Director of the Pullman Palace Car Company,
the Allen Paper Car Wheel Company and the
Illinois Central Railroad, and was a leading
promoter of the World's Columbian Exposition of
1893 — being one of those wlio guaranteed the
$5,000,000 to be raised by the citizens of Chicago
to assure tlie success of the enterprise.

DOLTOIV STATION, a village of Cook County,
on the Chicago & Eastern Illinois, the Chicago &
Western Indiana, and the Pittsburg, Cincinnati,
Cliicago & St. Louis Railroads, 16 miles south of
Chicago ; has a carriage factory, a weekly paper,
churches and a graded school. Population (1880)
448; (1890), 1,110.

DONtlOLA, a village in Union County, on the
Illinois Central Railroad, 37 miles north of Cairo.
Population (1880), .599; (1890). 733.

DOOLITTLE, James Rood, United States
Senator, was born in Hampton, Washington
County. N. Y., Jan 3, 1815; educated at Middle-
bury and Geneva (now Hobart) Colleges, admitted
to the bar in 1837 and practiced at Rochester and
Warsaw, N. Y. ; was elected District Attorney of
Wyoming County, N. Y.. in 1845, and. in 1851,



removed to Wisconsin ; two years later was
elected Circuit Judge, but resigned in 1856, and
the following year was elected as a Democratic-
Republican to the United States Senate, being
re-elected as a Republican in 1803. Retiring
from public life in 1869, he afterwards resided
chiefly at Racine, Wis., thouglx practicing in the
courts of Chicago. He was President of the
National Union Convention at Philadelphia in
1866, and of the National Democratic Convention
of 18T3 in Baltimore, which endorsed Horace
Greeley for President. Died, at Edgewood, R. I.,
July 27, 1897.

DORE, John Clark, first Superintendent of
Chicago City Schools, was born at Ossipee, N. H.,
March 23, 1822; began teaching at 17 years of age
and graduated at Dartmouth College in 1847;
then taught several years and, in 1854, was
offered and accepted the position of Superintend-
ent of City Schools of Chicago, but resigned two
years later. Afterwards engaging in bu.siness,
he sei-ved as Vice-President and President of
the Board of Trade, President of the Com-
mercial Insurance Companj' and of the State
Savings Institution ; was a member of the State
Senate, 1868-72, and has been identified with
various benevolent organizations of the city of

DOrWHERTT, John, lawyer and Lieutenant-
Governor, was born at Marietta, Ohio, May 6,
1800; brought by his parents, in 1808, to Cape
Girardeau, Mo. , where they remained until after
the disastrous earthquakes' in tliat region in
1811-12, when, his father liaving died, his mother
removed to Jonesboro, HI. Here he finally read
law with Col. A. P. Field, afterwards Secretary
of State, being admitted to the bar in 1831 and
early attaining prominence as a successful
criminal lawyer. He soon became a recognized
political leader, was elected as a member of the
House to the Eighth General Assembly (1832)
and re-elected in 1834, '36 and '40, and again in
1856, and to the Senate in 1842, serving in the
latter body until the adoption of the Constitution
of 1848. Originally a Democrat, he was, in 1858,
the Administration (Buchanan) candidate for
State Treasurer, as opposed to the Douglas wing
of the party, but, in 1801, became a strong sup-
porter of Abraham Lincoln. He served as Presi-
dential Elector on the Republican ticket in 1864
and in 1872 (the former year for the State- at-
large), in 1808 was elected Lieutenant-Governor
and, in 1877, to a seat on the criminal bench,
serving until June. 1879. Died, at Jonesboro,
Sept. 7, 1879.

DOUGLAS, John M., lawyer and Railway-
President, was born at Plattsburg, Clinton
County, N. Y., August 22, 1819; read law three
years in his native city, then came west and
settled at Galena, 111. , where he was admitted to
the bar in 1841 and began practice. In 1850 he
removed to Chicago, and, the following year,
became one of the solicitors of the Illinois Central
Railroad, with which lie had been associated as
an attorney at Galena. Between 1801 and 1876
he was a Director of the Company over twelve
years ; from 1805 to 1871 its President, and again
for eighteen months in 1875-70, when he retired
permanently. Mr. Douglas' contemporaries speak
of him as a lawyer of great ability, as well
as a capable executive officer. Died, in Chicago,
March 25, 1891.

DOUGLAS, Stephen Arnold, statesman, was
born at Brandon, Vt., April 23, 1818. In conse-
quence of the death of his father in infancy,
his early educational advantages were limited.
When fifteen he applied himself to the cabinet-
maker's trade, and, in 1830, accompanied his
mother and step-father to Ontario County, N. Y.
In 1833 he began the study of law, but started for
the West in 1833. He tauglit school at Win-
chester, 111., reading law at night and practicing
before a Justice of the Peace on Saturdays. He
was soon admitted to the bar and took a deep
interest in politics. In 1835 he was elected Prose-
cuting Attorney for Morgan County, but a few
months later resigned this office to enter the
lower house of the Legislature, to which he was
elected in 1830. In 1838 he was a candidate for
Congress, but was defeated by John T. Stuart, his
Whig opponent; was appointed Secretary of
State in December, 1840, and, in February, 1841,
elected Judge of the Supreme Court. He was
elected to Congress in 1842, '44 and '40, and, in
the latter year, was chosen United States Sena-
tor, taking his seat March 4, 1847, and being
re-elected in 1853 and '59. His last canvass was
rendered memorable through his joint debate, in
1858, before the people of the State with Abraham
Lincoln, whom he defeated before the Legisla-
ture." He was a candidate for the presidential
nomination before the Democratic National
Conventions of 1853 and '56. In 1800, after having
failed of a nomination for the Presidency at
Charleston, S. C, through the operation of the
"two thirds rule," he received the nomination'
from the adjourned convention held at Baltimore
six weeks later — though not until the delegates
from nearly all the Southern States had with-
drawn, the seceding delegates afterwards nomi-



nating John C. Breckenridge. Although defeated
for the Presidency by Lincoln, his old-time
antagonist, Douglas yielded a cordial sujiport to
the incoming administration in its attitude
toward the seceded States, occupying a place of
honor beside Mr. Lincoln on the portico of the
capitol during the inauguration ceremonies. As
politician, orator and statesman, Douglas had
few superiors. Quick in perception, facile in
expedients, ready in resources, earnest and
fearless in utterance, he was a born "leader of
men." His shortness of stature, considered in
relation to his extraordinary mental acumen,
gained for him the sobriquet of the "Little
Giant." He died in Chicago, June 3, 1861.

DOUGLAS COUNTY, lying a little east of the
center of the State, embracing an area of 410
square miles and having a population (1890) of
17,669. The earliest land entry was made by
Harrison Gill, of Kentucky, whose patent was
signed by Andrew Jackson. Another early
settler was John A. Richman, a West Virginian,
who erected one of the first frame houses in
the county in 1829. The Bmbarras and Kas-
kaskia Rivers flow througli the county, which is
also crossed by the Wabash and Illinois Central
Railways. Douglas County was organized in
1857 (being set off from Coles) and named in
honor of Stephen A. Douglas, then United States
Senator from Illinois. After a sharp struggle Tus-
cola was made the county-seat. It has been
visited by several disastrous conflagrations, but
is a thriving town, credited, in 1890, with a
population of 1,897. Other important towns are
Areola (population, 1,733), and Camargo, which
was originally known as New Salem.

DOWNER'S GROVE, a village of Du Page
County, on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy
Railroad, 21 miles west-southwest from Chicago,
It has a bank and a newspaper. Population
(1880), 586; (1890), 960.

DOWNING, Finis Ewing, ex-Congressman and
lawyer, was born at Virginia, 111., August 24,
1846 ; reared on a farm and educated in the public
and private schools of his native town; from 1865
was engaged in mercantile pursuits until J880,
when he was elected Clerk of the Circuit Court
of Cass County, serving three successive terms;
read law and was admitted to the bar in Decem-
ber, 1887. In August, 1891, he became interested
in "The Virginia Enquirer" (a Democratic
paper), which he has since conducted; was
elected Secretary of the State Senate in 1893,
and, in 1894, was returned as elected to the Fifty-
fourth Congress from the Sixteenth District by a

plurality of forty votes over Gen. John I. Rinaker,
the Republican nominee. A contest and recount
of the ballots resulted, however, in awarding the
seat to General Rinaker. In 1896 Mr. Downing
was the nominee of his party for Secretary of
State, but was defeated with the rest of his ticket.

DRAKE, Francis Marlon, soldier and Governor,
was born at Rushville, Schuyler County, 111.,
Dec. 30, 1830; early taken to Drakesville, Iowa,
which his father founded; entered mercantile
life at 16 years of age ; crossed the plains to Cali-
fornia in 1853, had experience in Indian warfare
and, in 1859, established liimself in business at
Union ville, Iowa ; served through the Civil War,
becoming Lieutenant-Colonel and retiring in
1865 with the rank of Brigadier-General by
brevet. He re-entered mercantile life after the
war, was admitted to the bar in 1866, subsequently
engaged in railroad building and, in 1881, contrib-
buted the bulk of the funds for founding Drake
University; was elected Governor of Iowa in
1895, serving until January, 1898.

DRAPER, Andrew Sloan, LL.D., lawyer and
educator, was born in Otsego County, N. Y.,
June 21, 1848 — being a descendant, in the eighth
generation, from the "Puritan," James Draper,
who settled in Boston in 1647. In 1855 Mr.
Draper's parents settled in Albany, N. Y., where
he attended school, winning a scholarship in the
Albany Academy in 1863, and graduating from
that institution in 1866. During the next four
years he was employed in teaching, part of the
time as an instructor at his akna mater ; but, in
1871, gi-aduated from the Union College Law
Dei^artment, when he began practice. The rank
he attained in the profession was indicated by
his appointment by President Arthur, in 1884,
one of the Judges of the Alabama Claims Com-
mission, upon which he served imtil the conclu-
sion of its labors in 1886. He had previously
served in the New York State Senate (1880) and,
in 1884, was a delegate to the Republican National
Convention, also serving as Chairman of the
Republican State Central Committee the same
year. After his retui-n from Em-ope in 1886, he
served as State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion of New York until 1892, and, in 1889, and
again in 1890, was President of the National
Association of School Superintendents. Soon
after retiring from the State Superintendenoy in
New York, he was chosen Superintendent of
Public Schools for the city of Cleveland, Ohio,
remaining in that position until 1894, when he
was elected President of the University of Illinois
at Champaign, where he now is. His adminis-



tration has been oliaraoterized by enterprise and
sagacity, and has tended to promote the popular-
ity and prosperity of the institution.

DRESSER, Charles, clergyman, was born at
Pomfret, Conn., Feb. 24, 1800; graduated from
Brown University in 1823, went to Virginia,
where he studied theology and was ordained a
minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In
1838 he removed to Springfield, and became rector
of St. Paul's Episcopal Cliurch there, retiring in
1858. On Nov. 4, 1843, Mr. Dresser performed the
ceremony uniting Abraham Lincoln and Mary
Todd in marriage. He died, March 25, 1865.

DRUMMOND, Thomas, jurist, was born at
Bristol Mills, Lincoln County, Maine, Oct. 16,
1809. After graduating from Bowdoin College, in
1830, he studied law at Philadelphia, where he was
admitted to the bar in 1833. He settled at
Galena, 111., in 1835, and was a member of the
General Assembly in 1840-41. In 1850 he was
appointed United States District Judge for the
District of Illinois as successor to Judge Nathaniel
Pope, and four years later removed to Chicago.
Upon the division of the State into two judicial
districts, in 1855, he was assigned to the North-
ern. In 1869 he was elevated to the bench of the
United States Circuit Court, and presided over
the Seventh Circuit, wliich at that time included
the States of Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. In
1884 — at the age of 75 — he resigned, living in
retirement until his death, which occurred at
Wheaton, III, May 15, 1890.

DUBOIS, Jesse Kil^ore, State Auditor, was
born, Jan. 14, 1811, in Lawrence County, 111.,
near Vincennes, Ind., where his father, Capt.
Toussaint Dubois, had settled about 1780. The
latter was a native of Canada, of French descent,
and, after settling in the Northwest Territory,
had been a personal friend of General Harrison,
under wliom he served in the Indian wars,
including the battle of Tippecanoe. Tlie son
received a partial collegiate education at Bloom-
ington, Ind., but, at 34 years of age (1834), was
elected to the General Assembly, serving in the
same House with Abraham Lincoln, and being
re-elected in 1836, '38, and "43. In 1841 he was
appointed by President Harrison Register of the
Land Office at Palestine, 111., but soon resigned,
giving his attention to mercantile pursuits until
1849, when he was appointed Receiver of Public
Moneys at Palestine, but was removed by Pierce
in 1853. He was a Delegate to the first Repub-
lican State Convention, at Bloomington, in 1856,
and, on the recommendation of Mr. Lincoln, was
nominated for Auditor of Public Accoimts,

renominated in 1860, and elected both times. In
1864 he was a candidate for the noniination of
his party for Governor, but was defeated by
General Oglesby, serving, however, on the
National Executive Committee of that year, and
as a delegate to the National Convention of 1868.
Died, at liis liome near Springfield, Nov. 33, 1876.
. — Fred T. (Dubois), son of tlie preceding, was
born in Crawford County, 111., May 39, 1851;
received a common-school and classical educa-
tion, graduating from Yale College in 1873 ; was
Secretary of the Illinois Railway and Warehouse
Commission in 187.5-76; went to Idaho Territory
and engaged in business in 1880, was appointed
United States Marshal there in 1883, serving until
1886; elected as a Republican Delegate to the
Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses, and, on the
admission of Idaho as a State (1890), became
one of the first United States Senators, his term
extending to 1897. He was Chairman of the
Idaho delegation in the National Republican
Convention at Minneapolis in 1893, and was a
member of the National Republican Convention
at St. Louis in 1896, but seceded from that body
with Senator Teller of Colorado, and has since
cooperated with the Populists and Free Silver

DUCAT, Arthur Charles, soldier and civil
engineer, was born in Dublin, Ireland, Feb. 24,
1830, received a liberal education and became a
civil engineer. He settled in Chicago in 1851,
and six years later was made Secretary and Chief
Surveyor of tlie Board of Underwriters of that
city. While acting in this capacity, he virtually
revised the schedule system of rating fire-risks.
In 1801 he raised a company of 300 engineers,
sappers and miners, but neither the State nor
Federal authorities would accept it. Thereupon
he enlisted as a private in the Twelfth Illinois
Volunteers, but his ability earned him rapid
promotion. He rose through the grades of Cap-
tain, Major and Lieutenant-Colonel, to that of
Colonel, and was brevetted Brigadier-General in
February, 1864. Compelled by sickness to leave the
army. General Ducat returned to Chicago,
re-entering the insurance field and finally, after
holding variou-s responsible jjositions, engaging
in general business in that line. In 1875 he was
entrusted with the task of reorganizing the State
militia, which he performed with signal success.
Died, at Downer's Grove, 111., Jan. 39, 1896.

though a majority of the population of Illinois,
in Territorial days, came from Southern States
where the duel was widely regarded as the proper



mode for settling "difficulties" of a personal
character, it is a curious fact that so few "affairs
of honor" (so-called) should have occurred on
Illinois soil. The first "affair" of this sort of
which eitlier history or tradition has handed
down any account, is said to have occurred
between an English and a French officer at the
time of the surrender of Fort Chartres to the
British in 1765, and in connection with that
event. The officers are said to have fought with
small swords one Sunday morning near the Fort,
when one of them was killed, but the name of
neither the victor nor the vanquished has come
down to the present time. Gov. John Reynolds,
who is the authority for the story in his "Pioneer
History of Illinois," claimed to have received it
in his boyhood from an aged Frenchman who
represented that he had seen the combat.

An affair of less doubtful authenticity has come
down to us in the history of the Territorial
period, and, although it was at first bloodless, it
finally ended in a tragedy. This was the Jones-
Bond affair, which originated at Kaskaskia in
1808. Rice Jones was the son of John Rice Jones,
the first English-speaking lawyer in the "lUinois
Country." The younger Jones is described as an
exceptionally brilliant young man who, having
studied law, located at Kaskaskia in 1806. Two
years later he became a candidate for Represent-
ative from Randolph County in the Legislature
of Indiana Territory, of which Illinois was a part.
In the course of the canvass which resulted in
Jones' election, he became involved in a quarrel
with Shadrach Bond, who was then a member of
the Territorial Council from the same county,
and afterwards became Delegate in Congress
from Illinois and the first Governor of the State.
Bond challenged Jones and the meeting took
place on an island in tlie Mississippi between
Kaskaskia and St. Genevieve. Bond's second
was a Dr. James Dunlap of Kaskaskia, who
appears also to have been a bitter enemy of Jones.
The discharge of a pistol in the hand of Jones
after the combatants had taken their places
preliminary to the order to "fire," raised the
question whether it was accidental or to be
regarded as Jones' fire. Dunlap maintained the
latter, but Bond accepted the explanation of his
adversary that the discharge was accidental, and
the generosity which he displayed led to expla-
nations that averted a final exchange of shots.
The feud thvis started between Jones and Dunlap
grew until it involved a large part of the com-
munity. On Dec. 7, 1808, Dunlap shot down
Jones in cold blood and without warning in

the streets of Kaskaskia, killing him instantly.
The murderer fled to Texas and was never heard
of about Kaskaskia afterwards. This incident
furnishes the basis of the most graphic chapter
in Mrs. Catherwood's story of "Old Kaskaskia."
Prompted by this tragical affair, no doubt, the
Governor and Territorial Judges, in 1810, framed a
stringent law for the suppression of dueling, in
which, in case of a fatal result, all parties con-
nected with the affair, as principals or seconds,
were held to be guilty of murder.

Governor Reynolds furnishes the record of a
duel between Thomas Rector, the member of a
noted family of that name at Kaskaskia, and one
Joshua Barton, supposed to have occurred some-
time during the War of 1812, though no exact
dates are given. This affair took place on the
favorite dueling ground known as "Bloody
Island," opposite St. Louis, so often resorted to
at a later day, by devotees of "the code" in Mis-
souri. Reynolds says that "Barton fell in the

The next affair of which history makes men-
tion grew out of a drunken carousel at Belleville,
in February, 1819, which ended in a duel between
two men named Alonzo Stuart and William
Bennett, and the killing of Stuart by Bennett.
The managers of the affair for the principals are
said to have agreed tliat the guns sliould be loaded
with blank cartridges, and Stuart was let into the
secret but Bennett was not. When the order to
fire came, Bennett's gun jiroved to have been
loaded with ball. Stuart fell mortally wounded,
expiring almost immediately. One report says
that the duel was intended as a sham, and was so
understood by Bennett, who was horrified by the
result. He and his two seconds were arrested for
murder, but Bennett broke jail and fied to
Arkansas. Tlie seconds were tried, Daniel P.
Cook conducting the prosecution and Thomas H.
Benton defending, the trial resulting in their
acquittal. Two years later, Bennett was appre-
liended by some sort of artifice, put on his trial,
convicted and executed — Judge John Reynolds
(afterwards Governor) presiding and pronouncing

In a footnote to "The Edwards Papers,"
edited by the late E. B. Washburne, and printed
under the auspices of the Chicago Historical
Society, a few years ago, Mr. Washburne relates
an incident occurring in Galena about 1838, while
"The Northwestern Gazette and Galena Adver-
tiser" was under the charge of Sylvester M.
Bartlett, who was afterwards one of the founders
of "The Quincy Whig." The story, as told by



Mr. Washbuine, is as follows: "David G. Bates
(a Galena business man and captain of a packet
plying between St. Louis and Galena) wrote a
short communication for the paper reflecting on
the character of John Turney, a prominent law-
yer who had been a member of the House of
Representatives in 1828-30, from the District
composed of Pike. Adams, Fulton, Schuyler.
Peoria and Jo Daviess Counties. Turney de-
manded the name of the author and Bartlett gave
up the name of Bates. Turney refused to take
any notice of Bates and then challenged Bartlett
to a duel, which was promptly accepted by Bart-
lett. The second of Turney was the Hon. Joseph
P. Hoge, afterward a member of Congress from
the Galena District. Bartletfs second was
William A. Warren, now of Bellevue, Iowa."
(Warren was a prominent Union officer during

Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 28 of 207)