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to some extent in the banking business at Griggs-
ville, and was influential in securing the con-
struction of the branch of the Wabash Railway
from Naples to Hannibal, Mo. He was, for over
thirty-five years, a resident of Springfield, dying
there, March 12, 1893.

HATFIELD, (Rev.) Robert Miller, clergy
man, was born at Mount Pleasant, Westchester
County, N. Y., Feb. 19, 1819; in early life enjoyed
only such educational advantages as could be
obtained while living on a farm ; later, was em
ployed as a clerk at White Plains and in New
York City, but, in 1841, was admitted to the
Providence Methodist Episcopal Conference, dur-
ing the next eleven years supplying churches in
Rhode Island and Massachusetts. In 1852 he
went to Brooklyn and occupied pulpits in that
vicinity until 1865, when he assumed the pastor-
ship of the Wabash Avenue Methodist Episcopal
Church in Chicago, two years later going to the
Centenary Church in the same city. He subse-



quently had charge of churches in Cincinnati and
Philadelphia, but, returning to Illinois in 1877,
he occupied pulpits for the next nine years in
Evanston and Chicago. In 1886 he went to Sum-
merfield Methodist Episcopal Church, Brooklyn,
which was his last regular charge, as, in 1889, he
became Financial Agent of the Northwestern
University at Evanston, of which he had been a
Trustee from 1878. As a temporary supply for
pulpits or as a speaker in popular assemblies, his
services were in constant demand during this
period. Dr. Hatfield served as a Delegate to the
General Conferences of 1860, '64, "76, '80 and '84,
and was a leader in some of the most important
debates in those bodies. Died, at Evanston,
March 31, 1891.

HATTON, Frank, journalist and Postmaster-
General, was born at Cambridge, Ohio, April 28,
1846; entered his father's newspaper oflSce at
Cadiz, as an apprentice, at 11 years of age, be-
coming foreman and local editor; in 1862, at the
age of 16, he enlisted in the Ninety-eighth Ohio
Infantry, but, in 1864, was transferred to the One
Hundred and Eighty-fourth Ohio and commis-
sioned Second Lieutenant — his service being
chiefly in the Army of the Cumberland, but par-
ticipating in Sherman's March to the Sea. After
the %var he went to Iowa, whither his father had
preceded him, and where he edited "The Mount
Pleasant Journal" (1869-74) ; then removed to Bur-
lington, where he secured a controlling interest
in "The Hawkeye, " which he brought to a point
of great prosperity ; was Postmaster of that city
under President Grant, and, in 1881, became
First Assistant Postmaster-General. On the
retirement of Postmaster-General Gresham in
1884, he was appointed successor to the latter,
serving to the end of President Arthur's adminis-
tration, being the youngest man who ever held
a cabinet position, except Alexander Hamilton.
From 1882 to 1884, Mr. Hatton managed "The
National Republican" in Washington; in 1885
removed to Chicago, where he became one of the
proprietors and editor-in-chief of "The Evening
Mail"; retired from the latter in 1887, and, pur-
chasing the plant of "The National Republican"
in Washington, commenced the publication of
"The Washington Post, "with which he was con-
nected until his death, April 30, 1894.

HAVANA, the county-seat of Mason County, an
incorporated city founded in 1827 on the Illinois
River, opposite the mouth of Spoon River, and a
point of junction for three railways. It is a ship-
ping point for corn and osage orange hedge
plants. An agricultural implement factory is



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



225



located here. The city has several churches,
three public schools and three newspapers.
Population (1880), 2,118; (1890), 2,52r).

HAVANA, RAXTOUL & EASTERN RAIL-
ROAD. (See Illinois Central Railroad.)

HAVEN, Erastus Otis, Methodist Episcojial
Bishop, was born in Boston, Mass., Nov. 1, 18J0;
graduated at the AVesleyan University in 1842,
and taught in various institutions in Massachu-
setts and New York, meanwhile studying theol-
ogy. In 1848 he entered the Methodist ministry
as a member of the New York Conference; live
years later accepted a professorship in Michigan
University, but resigned in 18.")6 to become editor
of "Zion's Herald," Boston, for seven years — in
that time serving two terms in the State Senate
and a part of the time being an Overseer of Har-
vard University. In 186.3 he accepted the Presi-
dency of Northwestern University at Evanston,
III. ; in 1872 became Secretary of the Methodist
Board of Education, but resigned in 1874 to
become Chancellor of Syracuse University, N.Y.
In 1880 he was elected a Bishop of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. Died, in Salem, Oregon, in
August, 1881. Bishop Haven was a man of great
versatility and power as an orator, wrote much
for the periodical press and published several
volumes on religious topics, besides a treatise on
rhetoric.

HAVEN, Lnther, educator, was born near
Framingham, Mass., August 6, 1806. With a
meager country-school education, at the age of
17 he began teaching, continuing in this occupa-
tion six or seven years, after which he spent
three years in a more liberal course of study in a
private academy at Ellington, Conn. He was
next employed at Leicester Academy, first as a
teacher, and, for eleven years, as Principal. He
then engaged in mercantile pursuits until 1849,
when he removed to Chicago. After several
years spent in manufacturing and real-estate
business, in 1854 he became proprietor of "The
Prairie Farmer," of which he remained in con-
trol until 18.j8. Mr. Haven took an active interest
in public affairs, and was an untiring worker for
the promotion of popular education. For ten
years following 1853, he was officially connected
with the Chicago Board of Education, being for
four years its President. The comptrollership of
the city was offered him in 1860, but declined.
During the war he was a zealous supporter of the
Union cause. In October, 1861, he was appointed
by President Lincoln Collector for the Port of
Chicago, and Sub-Treasurer of tlie United States
for the Department of the Northwe.st. serving in



this capacity during a part of President Johnson's
administration. In 1866 he was attacked with
congestion of the lungs, dying on March 6, of
that year.

HAWK, Robert M. A., Congre.ssman, was born
in Hancock County, Ind., April 23, 1830; came to
Carroll County, 111. , in boyhood, wliere he attended
tlie common schools and later graduated from Eu
reka College. In 1862 he enlisted in the Union
army, was commissioned First Lieutenant, next
promoted to a Captaincy and, finally, brevetted
Major for soldierlv conduct in the field. In 1865
he was elected County Clerk of Carroll County,
and three times re-elected, serving from 1865 to
1879. The latter year he resigned, having been
elected to Congress on the Republican ticket in
1878. In 1880 he was re-elected, but died before
the expiration of his term, his successor being
Robert R. Hitt, of Mount Morris, who was chosen
at a special election to fill the vacancy.

HAWLEY, John B., Congressman and First
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, was born in
Fairfield County, Conn., Feb. 9, 1831; accompa-
nied his parents to Illinois in childhood, residing
in his early manhood at Carthage, Hancock
County. At tlie age of 23 (1854) he was admitteil
to the bar and began practice at Rock Island
From 1856 to 1860 he was State's Attorney of
Rock Island County. In 1861 he entered tlu'
Union army as Captain, but was so severely
wounded at Fort Donelson (1862) that he was
obliged to quit the service. In 1865 President
Lincoln appointed him Postmaster at Rook Island,
but one year afterward he was removed by Presi-
dent Johnson. In 1868 he was elected to Congress
as a Republican, being twice re-elected, and, in
1876, was Presidential Elector on the Hayes-
Wheeler ticket. In the following year he was
appointed by President Hayes First Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury, serving until 1880,
when he resigned. During the last six years of
his life he was Solicitor for the Chicago & North
western Railroad, with headquarters at Omaha.
Neb. Died, at Hot Springs, South Dakota, Mav
24, 1895.

HAT, John, author, diplomatist and Secretary
of State, was born in Salem, Ind. , Oct. 8, 1838, of
Scottish ancestry; graduated at Brown Univer-
sity, 1858, and studied law at Springfield, 111., his
father, in the meantime, having become a resi-
dent of Warsaw, 111. ; was admitted to practice
in 1861, but immediately went to Washington as
assistant private secretary of President Lincoln,
acting part of the time as the President's aid-de-
camp, also serving for some time under General-



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



Hunter and Gilmore, with the rank of Major and
Adjutant-General. After President Lincoln's
assassination he served as Secretary of Legation
at Paris and Madrid, and as Charge d' Affaires at
Vienna; was also editor for a time of "The Illi-
nois State Journal" at Springfield, and a leading
editorial writer on "The New York Tribune.''
Colonel Hay's more important literary works
include "Castilian Days," "Pike County Ballads, "
and the ten-Tolume "History of the Life and
Times of Abraham Lincoln," written in collabo-
ration with John G. Nicolay. In 1875 he settled
at Cleveland, Ohio, but, after retiring from "The
New York Tribune," made Washington his home.
In 1897 President McKinley appointed him Am-
bassador to England, where, by his tact, good
judgment and sound discretion manifested as a
diplomatist and speaker on public occasions, lie
won a reputation as one of the most able and ac-
complished foreign representatives America has
produced. His promotion to the position of
Secretary of State on the retirement of Secretary
William R. Day, at the close of tlie Spanish -
American War, in September, 1898, followed
naturallj- as a just tribute to the rank which he
had won as a diplomatist, and was universally
approved throughout the nation.

HAT, John B., ex-Congressman, was born at
Belleville, 111., Jan. 8, 1834; attended the com-
mon schools and worked on a farm until he was
16 years of age, when he learned the printer's
trade. Subsequently he studied law, and won
considerable local prominence in his profession,
being for eight years State's Attorney for the
Twenty-fourth Judicial Circuit. He served in
the Union army during the War of the Rebellion,
and, in 1868, was elected a Representative in the
Forty-first Congress, being re-elected in 1870.

HAT, Miltou, lawyer and legislator, was born
in Fayette County, Ky., July 3, 1817; removed
with his father's family to Springfield, 111. , in
1833 ; in 1838 became a student in the law office
of Stuart & Lincoln; was admitted to the
bar in 1840, and began practice at Pittsfield,
Pike County. In 1858 he returned to Springfield
and formed a partnership with Judge Stephen
T. Logan (afterwards his father-in-law), which
ended by the retirement of the latter from prac
tice in 1861. Others who were associated with
him as partners, at a later date, were Hon. Shelby
M. Cullom, Gen. John M. Palmer, Henry S.
Greene and D. T. Littler. In 1869 he was elected
a Delegate to the State Constitutional Convention
and, as Chairman of the Committee on Revenue
and member of the Judiciary Committee, was



prominent in shaping the Constitution of 1870.
Again, as a member of the lower branch of the
Twenty-eighth General Assembly (1873-74), he
assisted in revising and adapting the laws to the
new order of things under the new Constitution.
The estimate in which he was held by his associ-
ates is shown in the fact that he was a member
of the Joint Committee of five appointed by the
Legislature to revise the revenue laws of the
State, which was especially complimented for
the manner in which it performed its work by
concurrent resolution of the two houses. A con-
servative Republican in politics, gentle and unob-
trusive in manner, and of calm, dispassionate
judgment and unimpeachable integrity, no man
was more frequently consulted by State execu-
tives on questions of great delicacy and public
importance, during the last thirty years of his
life, than Mr. Hay. In 1881 he retired from the
active prosecution of his profession, devoting his
time to the care of a handsome estate. Died,
Sept. 15, 1893.

HATES, Philip C, ex-Congressman, was born
at Granby, Conn., Feb. 3, 1833. Before he was a
year old his parents removed to La Salle County,
111. , where the first twenty years of his life were
spent upon a farm. In 1860 he graduated from
Oberlin College, Ohio, and, in April, 1861, en-
listed in the Union army, being commissioned
successively. Captain, Lieutenant-Colonel and
Colonel, and finally brevetted Brigadier-General.
After the war he engaged in journalism, becom-
ing the publisher and senior editor of "The Morris
Herald," a weekly periodical issued at Morris,
Grundy County. In 1872 he was a delegate to the
National Republican Convention at Philadelphia
which renominated Grant, and represented his
district in Congress from 1877 to 1881. Later he
became editor and part proprietor of "The Repub-
lican" at Joliet, 111., but retired .some years since.

HATES, Samnel Snowden, lawyer and politi-
cian, was born at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 25, 1820;
settled at Shawneetown in 1838, and engaged in
the drug business for two years ; then began the
study of law and was admitted to practice in
1842, settling first at Mount Vernon and later at
Carmi. He early took an interest in politics,
stumping the southern counties for the Demo-
cratic party in 1843 and '44. In 1845 he was a ~
delegate to the Memphis Commercial Convention
and, in 1846, was elected to the lower House of
tlie State Legislature, being re-elected in '48. In
1847 he raised a company for service in the
Mexican War, but, owing to its distance from
the seat of government, its muster rolls were not



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



227



received until the quota of the State liad been
filled. The same year he was chosen a Delegate
ti) the State Constitutional Convention for White
County, and, in 1848, was a Democratic Presi-
dential Elector. About 18.52 he removed to Chi-
cago, where he was afterwards City Solicitor and
(1863-6.5) City Comptroller. He was a delegate
to the National Democratic Conventions at
Charleston and Baltimore in 1860, and an earnest
worker for Douglas in the campaign which fol-
lowed. While in favor of the Union, he was
.stronglj' opposed to the policy of the administra-
tion, particularly in its attitude on the question
of slavery. His last public service was as a Dele-
gate from Cook County to the State Constitu-
tional Convention of 1869-70. His talents as an
orator, displaj'ed both at the bar and before popu-
lar assemblies, were of a very high order.

HATMARKET RIOT, THE, an anarchistic
outbreak whicli occurred in Chicago on the
evening of 5Iay 4, 1886. For several days prior,
meetings of dissatisfied workingmen had been
addressed by orators who sought to inflame the
worst passions of their hearers. Tlie excitement
(previously more or less under restraint) culmi-
nated on the date mentioned. Hay market
Square, in Chicago, is a broad, open space formed
by the widenilig of West Randolph Street for an
open-air produce- market. An immense concourse
assembled there on the evening named ; inflam-
matory speeches were made from a cart, whicli
was used as a sort of improvised platform. Dur-
ing the earlier part of the meeting the Mayor
(Carter H. Harrison) was present, but upon his
withdrawal, the oratory became more impassioned
and incendiary. Towards midnight, some one
whose identity has never been thoroughly proved,
threw a dynamite bomb into the ranks of the
police, who, under command of Inspector John
Bonfield, had ordered the dispersal of the crowd
and were endeavoring to enforce the command.
Simultaneously a score of men lay dead or bleed-
ing in the street. The majority of the crowd
fled, pursueii by the officers. Numerous arrests
followed during the night and the succeeding
morning, and search was made in the office of
the principal Anarchistic organ, which resulted
in the discovery of considerable evidence of an
incriminating character. A Grand Jury of Cook
County found indictments for murder against
eight of the suspected leaders, all of whom were
convicted after a trial extending over several
months, both the State and the defense being
represented by some of the ablest counsel at the
Chicago bar. Seven of the accused were con-



demned to deatli, and one (Oscar Neebe) was
given twenty years' imprisonment. The death
sentence of two — Samuel Fiehlen and Ju.stus
Schwab — was subsequently comnmted by Gov-
ernor Oglesby to life-imprisonment, but executive
clemency was extemled in 1893 by Governor
Altgeld to all three of those serving terms iii the
penitentiary. Of those condemned to execution,
one (Louis Linng) committed suicide in the
county-jail by exploding, between his teeth, a
small dynamite bomb wliich he had surrepti-
tioasly obtained; the remaining four (August
Spies, Albert D. Parsons, Louis Engel and Adolph
Fischer) were hanged in the county jail at
Chicago, on November 14, 188T. The affair
attracted wide attention, not only throughout the
United States but in other countries also.

HAYJflE, Ishaiu Nicolas, soldier and Adju-
tant-General, was born at Dover, Tenn., Nov. 18,
1834; came to Illinois in boyhooil and received
but little education at school, but worked on a
farm to obtain means to study law, and was
licensed to practice in 1846. Throughout the
Mexican War he served as a Lieutenant in the
Sixth Illinois Volunteers, but, on his return,
resumed practice in 1849, and, in 1850, was
elected to the Legislature from Marion County.
He graduated from the Kentucky Law School in
18.52 and, in 1856, was appointed Judge of the
Court of Common Pleas at Cairo. In 1860 he was a
candidate for Presi



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 47 of 207)