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Eighth Illinois Cavalry, participating in the
battle of Antietam. Later he was commissioned
First Lieutenant in the First United States Regi-
ment of Colored Troops, with which he remained
until the close of the war, rising to the rank of
Captain. In 1865 he returned to Joliet and to the
practice of his profession. In 1868 he was elected
State's Attorney for the district comprising Will
and Grundy Counties, but declined a renomina-
tion. In 1888 he was the successful Republican
candidate for Congress from the Eighth Illinois
District, but was defeated for re-election in isim
by Lewis Steward. Democrat.

HILLSBORO, an incorporated city, the county-
seat of Montgomery County, on the Cleveland.
Cincinnati, Chicago & .St. Louis Railway. (7
miles northeast of St. Louis. Its manufactures
are flour, brick and tile, carriages and harness.



234



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



furniture and woolen goods. It has a high
school, banks and two weekly newspapers. Tlie
surrounding region is agricultural, though con-
siderable coal is mined in the vicinity. Popula-
tion (18S0), 2,8r.8; (1890), 2,500.

HINCKLEY, a village of De Kalb County, on
the Rockford Division of the Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy Railroad, 18 miles west of Aurora. It
is a rich agricultural and dairying region ; also
has grain elevators and brick and tile works.
Population (1890), 496.

HIjVRICHSEN, William H., ex -Secretary of
State and e.x-Congressman, was born at Franklin,
Morgan County, 111., May 27, 1850; educated at
the University of Illinois, spent foui- years in the
office of his father, who was stock-agent of tlie
Wabash Railroad, and six years (1874-80) as
Deputy Sheriff of Morgan County; then went
into the newspaper business, editing the Jackson-
ville "Evening Courier," until 1886, after which
he was connected with "The Quinc}^ Herald," to
1890, when he returned to Jacksonville and re-
sumed his place on ' 'Tlie Courier. ' ' He was Clerk
of the House of Representatives in 1891, and
elected Secretary of State in 1893. serving until
January, 1897. Mr. Hinrichsen has been a mem-
ber of the Democratic State Central Committee
since 1890, and was Chairman of that body dur-
ing 1894-96. In 1896 Mr. Hinriclisen was the
nominee of his party for Congress in the Six-
teenth District and was elected by over 6,000
majority, but failed to secure a renomination in
1898.

HINSDALE, a village in Du Page County, on
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, 17
miles west-southwest of Chicago. It has four
churches, a graded school, an academy and three
weekly newspapers. It is a popular suburban
residence for Chicago business men. Population
(1880), 819; (1890), 1,.584.

HITCHCOCK, Charles, lawyer, was born at
Hanson. Plymouth County, Mass., April 4, 1827;
studied at Dartmouth College and at Harvard
Law School, and was admitted to the bar in 1854,
soon afterward establishing himself for the prac-
tice of his profession in Chicago. In 1869 Mr.
Hitchcock was elected to the State Constitutional
Convention, which was the only important pub-
lic office that he held, though his capacity was
recognized by his election to the Presidency of
that body. Died, May 6, 1881.

HITCHCOCK, Luke, clergyman, was born
April 13, 1813, at Lebanon, N. Y., entered the
ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church in
1834, and, after supplying various charges in



that State during the next five years, in 1839
came to Chicago, becoming one of the most
influential factors in the Methodist denomination
in Northern Illinois. Between that date and
1860 he was identified, as regular pastor or Pre-
siding Elder, with churches at Dixon, Ottawa,
Belvidere, Rockford, Mount Morris, St. Charles
and Chicago (the old Clark Street church), with
two years" service (1841-43) as agent of Rock
River Seminary at Mount Morris — his itinerant
labors being interrupted at two or three periods
by ill-health, compelling him to assume a super-
annuated relation. From 1853 to '80, inclusive,
he was a delegate everj' four j-ears to the General
Conference. In 1860 he was appointed Agent of
the Western Book Concern, and, as the junior
representative, was placed in charge of the
depository at Cliicago^in 1868 becoming the
Senior Agent, and so remaining until 1880. His
subsequent service included two terms as Presid-
ing Elder for the Dixon and Chicago Districts ;
the position of Superintendent of the Chicago
Home Missionary and Church Extension Society ;
Superintendent of the Wesley Hospital (which he
assisted to organize), his last position being that
of Corresponding Secretary of the Superannu-
ates" Relief Association. He Avas also influential
in securing the establishment of a church paper
in Chicago and the founding of the Northwestern
University and Garrett Biblical Institute. Died,
while on a visit to a daughter at East Orange,
X. J., Nov. 12, 1898.

HITT, Daniel F., civil engineer and soldier,
was born in Bourbon Comity, Ky., June 13, 1810
— the son of a ilethodist preacher who freed his
slaves and removed to Urbana, Ohio, in 1814. In
1839 the son began the study of engineering and,
removing to Illinois the fo [lowing year, was ap-
pointed Assistant Engineer on the Illinois &
Michigan Canal, later being employed in survey-
ing some sixteen years. Being stationed at
Prairie du Chien at the time of the Black Hawk
War (1832), he was attached to the Stephenson
Rangers for a year, but at the end of that period
resumed surveying and, having settled in La
Salle County, became the first Surveyor of that
county. In 1861 he joined Colonel Cushman, of
Ottawa, in the organization of the Fifty-third
Illinois Volunteers, was mustered into the service
in March, 1863, and commissioned its Lieutenant-
Colonel. The regiment took part in various
battles, including those of Shiloh, Corinth and
La Grange, Tenn. In the latter Colonel Hitt
received an injury bj' being thrown from his
horse which compelled his resignation and from



HISTORICAL ENCVCLOI'KDIA OF ILLINOIS.



wliicli he never fully reoovered. Retiirning to
Ottawa, he continued to reside there until lii.s
death, May 11, 1899, Colonel Hitt was father of
Andrew J. Hitt, General Superintendent of the
Chicago, Rock Island «S: Pacific Railroad, and
uncle of Congressman Robert R. Hitt of Mount
Morris. Originally a Democrat, he allied himself
with the Republican party on the breaking out
of the Civil War. He was a thirty-seconci degree
Mason and prominent in Grand Army circles.

HITT, Isaac R., real-estate operator, was born
at Boonsboro, Md., June 2, 1828; in 184o entered
the freshman class at Asburv University, Ind.,
graduating in 1849. Then, removing to Ottawa.
111., he was engaged for a time in farming, but,
in 18.52, entered into the forwarding and com-
mission business at La Salle. Having meanwhile
devoted some attention to real-estate law, in 18.')3
he began buying and selling real estate while
continuing his farming operations, adding thereto
coal-mining. In May, 1856, he was a delegate
from La Salle County to the State Convention at
Bloomington which resulted in the organization
of the Republican party in Illinois. Removing
to Chicago in 1860, he engaged in the real-estate
business there ; in 1862 was appointed on a com-
mittee of citizens to look after the interests of
wounded Illinois soldiers after the battle of Fort
Donelson, in that capacity visiting hospitals at
Cairo, Evansville, Paducah and Xashville. Dur-
ing the war he engaged to .some extent in the
business of prosecuting soldiers' claims. Mr.
Hitt has been a member of both the Chicago and
the National Academy of Sciences, and, in 1869,
was appointed by Governor Palmer on the Com-
mission to lay out the park system of Chicago.
Since 1871 he has resided at Evanston, where he
aided in the erection of the Woman's College in
connection with the Northwestern University.
In 1876 he was appointed by the Governor agent
to prosecute the claims of the State for swamp
lands within its limits, and has given much of
his attention to that business since.

HITT, Robert Roberts, Congressman, was born
at Urbana, Ohio, Jan. 16. 1834. When he was
three years old his parents removed to Illinois,
settling in Ogle County. His education was
accjuired at Rock River Seminary (now Mount
Morris College), and at De Pauw Universitj', Ind.
In 1858 Mr. Hitt was one of the reporters who
reported the celebrated debate of that year
between Lincoln and Douglas. From December,
1874, until March, '81. he was connected with the
United States embassy at Paris, serving as First
Secretary of Legation and Charge d" Affaires ad



interim. He was A.ssistant Secretary of State in
1881, but resigned the post in 1882, having been
elected to Congress from the Sixth Illinois Dis-
trict to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death
of R. M. A. Hawk. By eight successive re-elec-
tions he has represented the District continuously
since, his career being conspicuous for long serv-
ice. In that time he has taken an imjwrtaut
part in the deliberations of the House, serving as
Chairman of many important committees, not-
ably that on Foreign Affairs, of which he has
been Chairman for several terms, and for which
his diplomatic experience well (|ualities him. In
1898 he was appointed by President McKinley a
member of the Committee to visit Hawaii and
report upon a form of government for that por-
tion of the newlj' acquired national domain. Mr.
Hitt was strongly supported as a candidate for
the United States Senate in 1895, and favorably
considered for the position of Minister to Eng-
land after the retirement of Secretary Day in
1898.

HOBART, Horace R,, was born in Wisconsin
in 1839 : graduated at Beloit College and, after a
brief experience in newspaper work, enlisted, in
1861, in the First Wisconsin Cavalry and was
assigned to duty as Battalion Quartermaster.
Being wounded at Helena, Ark., he was com-
pelled to resign, but afterwards served as Deputy
Provost Marshal of the Second Wisconsin Dis-
trict. In 1866 he re-entered newspaj>er work as
reporter on "The Chicago Tribune," and later
was associated, as city editor, with "The Chicago
Evening Post" and "Evening Mail"; later was
editor of "The Jacksonville Daily Journal" and
"The Chicago Morning Courier," also being, for
some years from 1869, Western Manager of the
American Press Association. In 1876, Mr. Hobart
became one of the editors of "The Railway Age"
(Cliicago), with which he remained until the
(dose of the year 1898, when he retired to give his
attention to real-estate matters.

HOFFMAN, Francis A., Lieutenant-Governor
(1861-65), was born at Herford, Prussia, in 1822,
and emigrated to America in 1839, reaching Chica-
go the same year. There he became a boot-black in
a leading hotel, but within a month was teaching
a small German school at Dunkley's Grove (now
Addison), Du Page Coimty, and later officiating
as a Lutheran minister. In 1847 he represented
that county in the River and Harbor Convention
at Chicago. In 1852 he removed to Chicago, and,
the following year, entered the City Council.
Later, he embarked in the real-estate business,
and, in 1854, opened a banking house, but was



230



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



forced to assign in 1861. He early became a
recognized anti-slavery leader and a contributor
to tile German press, and, in 18.56, was nominated
for Lieutenant-Governor on the first Republican
State ticket with William H. Bissell, but was
found ineligible by reason of his short residence
in the United States, and withdrew, giving place
to John Wood of Quincy. In 1860 he was again
nominated, and having in the meantime become
eligible, was elected. In 1864 he was a Repub-
lican candidate for Presidential Elector, and
assisted in Mr. Lincoln's second election. He
was at one time Foreign Land Commissioner for
the Illinois Central Railroad, and acted as Consul
at Chicago for several German States. For a
number of years past Mr. Hoffman has been
editor of an agricultural paper in Southern
Wisconsin.

HOGAN, John, clergyman and early politician,
was born in the city of Mallow, County of Cork,
Ireland, Jan. 2, 180.5; brought in childhood to
Baltimore, Md. , and having been left an orphan at
eight years of age, learned the trade of a shoe-
maker. In 1826 he became an itinerant Metho-
dist preacher, and, coming west the same year,
preached at various points in Indiana, Illinois
and Missouri. In 1830 he was married to Miss
Mary Mitchell West, of Belleville. 111., and soon
after, having retired from the itinerancy, engaged
in mercantile business at Edwardsville and Alton.
In 1836 he was elected Representative in the
Tenth General Assembly from Madison County,
two years later was appointed a Commissioner of
Public Works and, being re-elected in 1840, was
made President of the Board ; in 1841 was ap-
pointed by President Harrison Register of the
Land Office at Dixon, where he remained until
1845. During the anti-slavery excitement which
attended the assassination of Elijah P. Lovejoy
in 1837, he was a resident of Alton and was re-
garded by the friends of Lovejoy as favoring the
pro slavery faction. After retiring from the
Land Office at Dixon, he removed to St. Louis,
where he engaged in the wholesale grocery busi-
ness. In his early political life he was a Whig,
but later co-operated with tlie Democratic party ;
in 1857 he was appointed by President Buchanan
Postmaster of the city of St. Louis, serving until
the accession of Lincoln in 1861 ; in 1864 was
elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-ninth Con-
gress, .serving two years. He was also a delegate
to the National Union (Democratic) Convention
at Philadelphia in 1866. After his retirement
from the Methodist itinerancy he continued to
officiate as a "local" preacher and was esteemed



a speaker of Unusual eloquence and ability. His
death occurred, Feb. 5, 1892. He is author of sev-
eral volumes, including ' 'The Resources of Mis-
souri, " "Commerce and Manufactures of St.
Louis," and a "History of Methodism."

HOGE, Joseph P., Congressman, was born in
Ohio early in the century and came to Galena,
111. , in 1836, where he attained prominence as a
lawyer. In 1843 he was elected Representative
in Congress, as claimed at the time by the aid of
the Mormon vote at Nauvoo, serving one term.
In 1853 he went to San Francisco, Cal. , and be-
came a Judge in that State, dying a few years
since at the age of over 80 years. He is repre-
sented to have been a man of much ability and a
graceful and eloquent orator. Mr. Hoge was a
son-in-law of Thomas C. Browne, one of the Jus-
tices of the first Supreme Court of Illinois who
held office until 1848.

HOLLISTER, fDr.) John Hamilton, physi-
cian, was born at Riga, N. Y., in 1824; was
brought to Romeo, Mich., by his parents in in-
fancy, but his father having died, at the age of 17
went to Rochester, N. Y., to be educated, finally
graduating in medicine at Berkshire College,
Mass., in 1847, and beginning practice at Otisco,
Mich. Two years later he removed to Grand
Rapids and, in 1855, to Chicago, where he held,
for a time, the position of demonstrator of anat-
omy in Rush Medical College, and, in 1856, be-
came one of the founders of the Chicago Medical
College, in which he has held various chairs. He
also served as Surgeon of Mercy Hospital and
was, for twenty years. Clinical Professor in the
same institution; was President of the State
Medical Society, and, for twenty years, its Treas-
urer. Other positions held by him have been
those of Trustee of the American Medical Associ-
ation and editor of its journal. President of the
Young Men's Christian Association and of the
Chicago Congregational Club. He has also been
prominent in Sunday School and church work in
connection with the Armour Mission, with which
he has been associated for manv 3'ears.

HOME FOR JUVENILE OFFEIVDERS, (FE-
MALE). The establishment of this institution
was authorized by act of June 22, 1893, which
appropriated §75,000 towards its erection and
maintenance, not more than §15,000 to be ex-
pended for a site. (See also State Guardians for
Girls.) It is designed to receive girls between the
ages of 10 and 16 committed thereto by any court
of record upon conviction of a misdemeanor, the
term of commitment not to be less than one
year, or to exceed minority. Justices of the



HISTOKK'AL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



237



»



Peace, Iiowever, may send girls for a term not
less than three months. The act of incorporatii )ii
provides for a commutation of sentence to be
earned by good conduct and a prolongation of
the sentence by bad behavior. The Trustees are
empowered, in tlieir discretion, either to appren-
tice the girls or to adopt them out during their
minority. Temporary quarters were furnished
for the Home during tlie tirst two years of its
existence in Chicago, Imt permanent buildings
for the institution have been erected on tlie
banks of Fox River, near Geneva, in Kane County.

HOMER, a town in Champaign County, on the
Wabash Railway, 20 miles west-southwest from
Danville and about 18 miles east-soutlieast from
Champaign. It supports a flouring mill and a
carriage factory; also has a bank, several
churches, a seminary and two weekly papers.
The region is chiefly agricultural. Population
(1880). 924; (1890), 917.

HOMESTEAD LAWS. In general such laws
have been defined to be '"legislation enacted to
secure, to some extent, the enjoyment of a home
and shelter for a family or individual by exempt-
ing, under certain conditions, the residence occu-
pied by the family or individual, from liability to
be sold for the payment of the debts of its owner,
and by restricting his rights of free alienation."
In Illinois, this exemption extends to the farm
and dwelling thei-eon of every householder hav-
ing a family, and occupied as a residence,
whether owned or possessed under a lease, to the
value of $1,000. The exemption continues after
death, for the benefit of decedent's wife or hus-
band occupying the homestead, and also of the
children, if any, until the youngest attain the
age of 21 years. Husband and wife must join in
releasing the exemption, but the property is
always liable for improvements thereon. — In 1862
Congress passed an act kno«Ti as the "Homestead
Law" for the protection of the rights of settlers
on public lands under certain restrictions as to
active occupancy, under which most of that
class of lands since taken for settlement have
been purchased.

HOMEWOOD, a village of Cook County, on the
Illinois Central Railway, 23 miles south of Chi-
cago. Population, .'500.

HOOLEY, Richard M., theatrical manager,
was born in Ireland, April 13, 1822 ; at the age of
18 entered the theater as a musician and, four
years later, came to America, .soon after forming
an association with E. P. Cliristy, the originator
of negro minstrelsy entertainments which went
under his name. In 1848 Mr. Hooley conducted



a company of minstrels through the principal
towns of England, Scotland and Ireland, and to
some of the chief cities on the continent ; re-
turned to America five years later, and subse
quently managed houses iu San Francisco,
Philadelphia, Brooklyn and New York, finally
locating in Chicago in 1869, where he remained
the rest of his life. — his theater becoming one of
the most widely known and popular in the city.
Died, ,Sept. 8, 1893,

HOOPESTON, a prosperous city in Vermilion
County, at the intersection of the Chicago, Dan-
ville & Vincennes Railroad, and the Bloomington
Division of the Wabash Railway, 104 miles south
of Chicago. It has grain elevators, brick and tile
works, carriage and machine shops, and a can-
ning factor}', besides banks and one daily and two
weekly newspapers. There are also a number of
churches, a high school and a business college.
Population (1880), 1,272; (1890), 1,911.

HOPKINS, Albert J., Congressman, was born
in De Kalb County, 111.. August 15, 1846. After
graduating from Hillsdale College, Mich., in 1870,
he studied law and began practice at Aurora.
He rapidly attained prominence at the bar, and,
in 1872, was elected State's Attorney for Kane
County, serving in that capacity for four years.
He is an ardent Republican and high in the
party's councils, having been Chairman of the
State Central Committee from 1878 to 1880, and a
Presidential Elector on the Blaine & Logan
ticket in 1884. The .same year he was elected to
the Forty-ninth Congress from the Fifth District
(now the Eighth) and has been continuously re-
elected ever since, receiving a clear majority in
1898 of more than 18,000 votes over two competi-
tors. At present (1898) he is Chairman of the
Select House Committee on Census and a member
of the Committees on Ways and Means, and Mer-
chant Marine and Fisheries. In 1896 he was
strongly supported for the Republican nomina-
tion for Governor.

HOUGHTON, Horace Hocking, pioneer printer
and journalist, was born at Springfield, Vt . Oct.
26, 1806, spent his youth on a farm, and at eight-
een began learning the printer's trade in the office
of "The Woodstock Overseer" ; on arriving at his
majority became a journeyman printer and, in
1828, went to New York, spending some time in
the employment of the Harper Brothers. After
a brief season spent in Boston, he took charge of
"Tlie Statesman" at Castleton, Vt., but, in 1834,
again went to New York, taking with him a
device for throwing the printed sheet off the
press, which was afterwards adopted on the



238



HISTOKICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



Adams and Hoe printing presses. His next
move was to Marietta, Ohio, in 1834, thence by
way of Cincinnati and Louisville to St. Louis,
working for a time in the office of the old "St.
Louis Republican." He soon after went to
Galena and engaged in lead-mining, but later
became associated with Sylvester M, Bartlett in
the management of "The Northwestern Gazette
and Galena Advertiser," finally becoming sole
proprietor. In 1842 he sold out the paper, but
resumed his connection with it the following
year, remaining until 1863, when he finally sold
out. He afterwards spent some time on the
Pacific slope, was for a time American Consul to
the Sandwich Islands, but finally returned to
Galena and, during the later years of his life,
was Postmaster there, dying April 30, 1879.

HOVEY, Charles Edward, educator, soldier
and lawyer, was born in Orange Count}-, Vt.,
April 26, 1827 ; graduated at Dartmouth College in
1852, and became successively Principal of high
schools at Farmington, Mass., and Peoria, 111.
Later, he assisted in organizing the Illinois State
Normal School at Normal, of which he was
President from 1857 to 1861 — being also President
of the State Teachers' Association (1856), mem-
ber of the State Board of Education, and, for some
years, editor of "The Illinois Teacher." In Au-
gust, 1861, he assisted in organizing, and was com-
missioned Colonel of, the Thirty-third Illinois
Volunteers, known as the "Normal" or "School-
Masters" Regiment,"' from the fact that it was
composed largely of teachers and j'oung meu
from the State colleges. In 1862 he was promoted
to the rank of Brigadier-General and, a few
months later, to brevet Major-General for gallant
and meritorious conduct. Leaving the military
service in May, 1863, he engaged in the practice
of law in Washington, D. C. Died, in Washing-
ton, Nov. 17, 1897.

ROWLAND, George, educator and author, was
born (of Pilgrim ancestry) at Conway, Mass.,
July 30, 1824. After graduating from Amherst
College in 1850, he devoted two years to teaching
in the public schools, and three years to a tutor-
ship in his Alma Mater, giving instruction in
Latin, Greek and French. He began the study
of law, but, after a year"s reading, he abandoned
it, removing to Chicago, where he became Assist-
ant Principal of the city"s one high school, in
1858. He became its Principal in 1860, and, in
1880, was elected Superintendent of Chicago City
Schools This position he filled until August,
1891, when he resigned. He also served as Trus-
tee of Amherst College for several years, and as a



member of the Illinois State Board of Education,
being President of that body in 1883. As an
author he was of some note; his work being
chiefly on educational lines. He published a
translation of the ..SIneid adapted to the use of
schools, besides translations of some of Horace's
Odes and portions of the Iliad and Odyssey. He
was also the author of an English grammar.
Died, in Chicago, Oct. 31, 1892.

HOYNE, Philip A., lawyer and United States
Commissioner, was born in New York City, Nov.



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