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Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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requiring the services of an officer of military
experience as commandant at Camp Yates (a
camp of rendezvous and instruction near Spring-
field), he was assigned to the place, rather as an
experiment and from necessity than from convic-
tion of any peculiar fitness for the position.
Having acquitted himself creditably here, he was
assigned, a few weeks later, to the conmiand of a
regiment (The Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers)
which, from previous bad management, had
manifested a mutinous tendency. And thus
Ulysses S. Grant, the most successful leader of
the war, the organizer of final victory over tlie
Rebellion, the Lieutenant-General of the armies
of the Union and twice elected President of the
United States, started upon that career which
won for him the plaudits of the Nation and the
title of the grandest soldier of his time. (See
Grant, Ulysses S.)

The responses of Illinois, under the leadersliip
of its patriotic "War Governor," Richard Y^ates,
to the repeated calls for vcjlunteers through the
four years of war, were cheerful and prompt. Illi-
nois troops took part in nearly every important
battle in the Mississippi Valley and in many of
those in the East, besides accompanying Sher-
man in his triumphal "March to the Sea." Illi-
nois blood stained the field at Belmont, at
Wilson's Creek, Lexington, Forts Donelson and
Henry; at Shiloh, Corinth, Nashville, Stone River
and Chickamauga; at Jackson, during the siege
of Vicksburg, at AUatoona Pass, Kenesaw Moun-
tain, Resaca, Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta, in
the South and West; and at Chancellorsville,
Antietam, Gettysburg, Petersburg and in the
battles of "the Wilderness" in Virginia. Of all
the States of the Union, Illinois alone, up to
Feb. 1, 1864, presented the proud record of hav-
ing answered every call upon her for troopi?
without a draft. The whole number of enlist-
ments from the State under the various calls from
1861 to 1865, according to the records of the War
Department, was 255,057 to meet (jiiotas aggre
gating 244,496. The ratio of troops furnished to
population was 15.1 per cent, which was only
exceeded by the District of Columbia (which
had a large influx from the States), and Kansas



272



HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLINOIS.



and Nevada, each of which liad a much larger
proportion of adult male population. The whole
number of regimental organizations, according
to the returns in the Adjutant General's office,
was 151 regiments of infantry (numbered con-
secutively from the Sixth to tlie One Hundred
and Fifty-seventh), 17 regiments of cavalry and 3
regiments of artillery, besides 9 independent bat-
teries. The total losses of Illinois troops, officially
reported by the AVar Department, were 34,834
(13.65 per cent), of which 5,874 were killed in
battle, 4,020 died of wounds, 23,786 died of disease,
and 2,154 from other causes. Besides the great
Commander-in-Chief, Abraham Lincoln, and
Lieut. -Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Illinois furnished
11 full Major-Generals of volunteers, viz.:
Generals John Pope, John A. McClernand, S. A.
Hurlbut, B. M. Prentiss, John M. Palmer, R. J.
Oglesby, John A. Logan, John M. Schofleld, Giles
A. Smith, Wesley Merritt and Benjamin H.
Grierson ; 20 Brevet Major-Generals ; 24 Brigadier-
Generals, and over 120 Brevet Brigadier-Generals.
(See sketches of these officers under their respec-
tive names. ) Among the long list of regimental
officers wlio fell upon the field or died from
wounds, appear the nanaes of Col. J. R. Scott of
the Nineteenth ; Col. Thomas D. Williams of the
Twenty-fifth, and Col. F. A; Harrington of the
Twenty-seventh — all killed at Stone River; Col.
John W. S. Alexander of the Twenty-first; Col.
Daniel Gilmer of the Thirty -eighth ; Lieut. -Col.
Duncan J. Hall of the Eighty-ninth ; Col. Timothy
O'Meara of tlie Ninetieth, and Col. Holden Put-
nam, at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge;
Col. John B. Wyman of the Thirteenth, at
Chickasaw Bayou; Lieut. -Col. Thomas W. Ross,
of the Thirty-second, at Shiloh; Col. John A.
Davis of the Forty-sixth, at Hatchie; Col. Wil-
liam A. Dickerman of the One Hundred and
Third, at Resaoa; Col. Oscar Harmon, at Kene-
saw; Col. John A. Bross, at Petersburg, besides
Col. Mihalotzy, Col. Silas Miller, Lieut. -Col.
Melancthon Smith, Maj. Zenas Applington, Col.
John J. Mudd, Col. Matthew H. Starr, Maj. Wm.
H. Medill, Col. Warren Stewart and many more
on other battle-fields. (Biographical sketches of
many of these officers will be found under the
proper heads elsewliere in this volume.) It
would be a grateful task to record here the names



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 57 of 207)