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Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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& Michigan Canal, amounting to $2,955,340,
The unfortunate shooting of a citizen by a cadet
iu a regiment of United States troops organized
for guard duty, led to some controversy between
Governor Palmer, on one side, and the Mayor of
Chicago and the military authorities, including
President Grant, on the other; but the general
verdict was, that, while nice distinctions between
civil and military authoritj' may not have been
observed, the service rendered by the military, in
a great emergency, was of the highest value and
was prompted by the best intentions. (See Fire
o;' «?; under title Chicago.)

Political Campaign of 1872.— The political
campaign of 1872 in Illinois resulted in much con-
fusion and a partial reorganization of parties,
nissatisfied with the administration of President
Grant, a number of the State officers (including
Governor Palmer) and other prominent Repub-
licans of the State, joined in what was called the
"Liberal Republican" movement, and supported
Horace Greeley for the Presidency. Ex-Gov-
ernor Oglesby again became the standard-bearer



of the Republicans for Governor, with Gen. John
L. Beveridge for Lieutenant-Governor. At the
November election, the Grant and Wilson (Repub-
lican) Electors in Illinois received 241,944 votes,
to 184,938 for Greeley, and 3,138 for O'Conor.
The plurality for Oglesby. for Governor, was
40,690.

Governor Oglesby's second administration was
of brief duration. Within a week after his in-
auguration he was nominated by a legislative
caucus of his party for United States Senator to
succeed Judge Trumbull, and was elected, receiv-
ing an aggregate of 117 votes in the two Houses
against 78 for Trumbull, who was supported by
the party whose candidates he had defeated at
three previous elections. (See Oglesby, Richard J.)
Lieutenant-Governor Beveridge thus became
Governor, filling out the unexpired term of his
chief. His administration was high-minded,
clean and honorable. (See Beveridge, John L.)

Republican Reverse of 1874. — The election
of 1874 resulted in the first serious reverse the
Republican party had experienced in Illinois
since 1863. Although Thomas S. Ridgway, the
Republican candidate for State Treasurer, was
elected by a plurality of nearly 35,000, by a com-
bination of the opposition, S. M. Etter (Fusion)
was at the same time elected State 'Superintend-
ent, while the Fusionists secured a majority in
each House of the General Assembly. After a
protracted contest, E. M. Haines — wlio had been
a Democrat, a Republican, and had been elected
to this Legislature as an "Independent" — was
elected Speaker of the House over Shelby M. Cul-
lom, and A. A. Glenn (Democrat) was chosen
President of the Senate, thus becoming ex-oflScio
Lieutenant-Governor. The session which fol-
lowed — especially in the House — was one of the
most turbulent and disorderly in the history of
the State, coming to a termination, April 15,
after having enacted very few laws of any im-
portance. (See Twenty-ninth General Assembly.)

Campaign of 1876.— Shelby M. Cullom was the
candidate of the Republican party for Governor
in 1876, with Rutherford B. Hayes heading the
National ticket. The excitement which attended
the campaign, the closeness of the vote between
the two Presidential candidates — Hayes and
Tilden — and the determination of the result
through the medium of an Electoral Commission,
are fresh in the memory of the present gener-
ation. In Illinois the Republican plurality for
President was 19,631, but owing to the combina-
tion of the Democratic and Greenback vote on
Lewis Steward for Governor, the majority for







BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING, CHICAGO.



IIISTOKR-AL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ILLliNOL'-



277



CuUom was reduced to G,708. The other State
(itKcers elected were: Andrew Shuniau, Lieu-
teuant-Cxovernor ; George H. Harlow, Secretary
of State; Thomas B. Needles, Auditor; Edward
Kutz, Treasurer, and James K. Edsall, Attorney-
General. Each of these had pluralities exceeding
20,000, except Needles, who, having a single com-
petitor, had a smaller majority than CuUom.
The new State House was occupied for the first
time by the State officers and the Legislature
chosen at this time. Although the Republicans
liad a majority in the House, the Independents
held the '"balance of power" in joint session of
the General Assembly. After a stubborn and
protracted struggle in the effort to choose a
United States Senator to succeed Senator John A.
Logan, David Davis, of Bloomington, was
elected on the fortieth ballot. He had been a
Whig and a warm personal friend of Lincoln, by
whom he was appointed Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States in 1863. His
election to the United States Senate by the Demo-
crats and Independents led to his retirement from
the Supreme bench, thus preventing his appoint-
ment on the Electoral Commission of 1877 — a cir-
cumstance which, in the opinion of many, may
have had an important bearing upon the decision
of that tribunal. In the latter part of his term
he served as President pro tempore of the Senate,
and more frequently acted with the Republicans
than with their opponents. He supported Blaine
and Logan for President and Vice-President, in
1884. (See Da ris, David.)

Strike ov 1877. — The extensive railroad strike,
in July, 1877, caused widespread demoralization
of business, especially in the railroad centers of
the State and throughout the country generally.
The newly-organized National Guard was called
out and rendered efficient service in restoring
order. Governor Cullom"s action in the premi.ses
was prompt, and has been generally commended
as eminently wise and discreet.

Election op 1878. — Four sets of candidates
were in the field for the offices of State Treasurer
and Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1878
—Republican, Democratic, Greenback and Pro-
hibition. The Republicans were successful, Gen.
John C. Smith being electe



Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 58 of 207)