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secutive terms, serving until 1873. Died, April
30, 1877. — Jamesi H. (Matheny), another son.
born Oct. 30, 1818, in St. Clair County ; served in
his youth as Clerk in various local offices ; was a
member of the Constitutional Convention of 1847,
elected Circuit Clerk in 1852, at the close of his
term beginning the practice of law; was com-
missioned Lieutenant-Colonel of the One Hundred
and Fourteenth Illinois Volunteers, in October,
1862, and, after the siege of Vicksburg, served as
Judge Advocate until July, 1864, when he
resigned. He then returned to his profession,
but, in 1873, was elected County Judge of Sanga-
mon County, holding the office by repeated re-
elections until his death, Sept. 7, 1890, — having
resided in Springfield 68 years.

MATHER, Thomas, pioneer merchant, was
born, April 24. 1795, at Simsbury, Hartford
County, Conn. ; in early manhood was engaged
for a time in business in New York City, but, in
the spring of 1818, came to Kaskaskia, 111., where
he soon after became associated in business with
James L. Lamb and others. This firm was
afterwards quite extensively engaged in trade
with New Orleans. Later he became one of the
founders of the town of Chester. In 1820 Mr.
Slather was elected to the lower branch of the
Second General Assembly from Randolph
Count}', was re-elected to the Third (serving for
a part of the session as Speaker), and again to the
Fourth, but, before the expiration of his last term,
resigned to accept an appointment from Presi-
dent John Quincy Adams as Commissioner to
locate the military road from Independence to
Santa Fe, and to conclude treaties with the
Indians along the line. In the Legislature of
1832 he was one of the most determined opjio-
nents of the scheme for securing a pro-slavery
Constitution. In 1828 he was again elected to
the House and, in 1832, to the Senate for a term
of four years. He also served as Colonel on the
staff of Governor Coles, and was supported for the
United States Senate, to fill the vacancy caused
by the death of John McLean, in 1830. Having
removed to Springfield in 1835, he became promi-
nent in business affairs there in connection with
his former partner, Mr. James L. Lamb: in 1837
was appointed a member of the first Board of
Fund Commissioners for the State under the
internal improvement system; also served seven
years as President of the Springfield branch of State Bank: was connected, as a stock-

holder, with the construction of- the Sangamon &
Morgan (now Wabash) Railroad, extending from
Springfield to the Illinois river at Naples, and
was also identified, financially, with the old Chi-
cago & Galena Union Railroad. From 1835 until
liis death, Colonel Mather served as one of the
Trustees of Illinois College at Jacksonville, and
was a liberal contributor to the endowment of
that institution. His death occurred during a
visit to Philadelphia, March 28, 1853.

MATTESOJf, Joel Aldrich, ninth regularly
elected Governor of Illinois (1853-57), was born
in Watertown, N. Y. , August 8, 1808; after some
experience in business and as a teacher, in 1831
he went to South Carolina, where he was foreman
in the construction of the first railroad in that
State. In 1834 he removed to Illinois, where he
became a contractor on the Illinois & Michigan
Canal, and also engaged in manufacturing at
Joliet. After serving three terms in the State
Senate, he was elected Governor in 1852, and, in
1855, was defeated by Lyman Trumbull for the
United States Senatorship. At the close of his
gubernatorial term he was complimented by the
Legislature, and retired to private life a popular
man. Later, there were developed grave scandals
in connection with the refunding of certain
canal scrip, with which his name — unfortunately
— was connected. He turned over property to
the State of the value of nearly §250,000, for its
indemnification. He finally took up his resi-
dence in Chicago, and later spent considerable
time in travel in Europe. He was for many
years the lessee and President of the Chicago &
Alton Railroad. Died in Chicago, Jan. 31, 1873.

MATTHEWS, Asa C, ex-Comptroller of the
United States Treasury, was born in Pike County,
111., March 22, 1833; graduated from Illinois Col-
lege in 1855, and was admitted to the bar three
years later. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War,
he abandoned a remunerative practice at Pitts-
field to enlist in the army, and was elected and
commissioned a Captain in the Ninety-ninth Illi-
nois Volunteers. He rose to the rank of Colonel,
being mustered out of the service in August,
1865. He was appointed Collector of Internal
Revenue in 1869, and Supervisor for the District
composed of Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan, in
1875. Being elected to the Thirtieth General
Assembly in 1876, he resigned his office, and was
re-elected to the Legislature in 1878. On the
death of Judge Higbee, Governor Hamilton
appointed Mr. Matthews to fill the vacancy thus
created on the bench of the Sixth Circuit, his
term expiring in 1885. In 1888 he. was elected to



t)ie Thirty-sixth General Assembly and was
chosen Speaker of the House. In May, 18!S9,
President Harrison named him First Comp-
troller of the United States Treasury, and the
House, by a unanimous vote, expressed its grati-
fication at his selection. Since retiring from
office. Colonel Matthews has devoted his attention
to the practice of his profession at Pittstield.

MATTHEWS, Milton W., lawyer and journal-
ist, was born in Clark County. 111., March 1, iy4(>,
educated in the common schools, and, near the
close of the war, served in a 100-days" regiment;
began teaching in Champaign County in ISG."),
studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1867 ;
in 1873 was appointed Master in Chancery, served
two terms as Prosecuting Attorney, and, in 1888,
was elected to the State Senate, meanwhile, from
-1879. discharging the duties of editor of "Tlie
Champaign County Herald," of which he was
also proprietor. During his last session in the
State Senate (1891-92) he served as President pro
tem. of that body; was also President of the
State Press Association and served on the staff of
Governor Fifer, with the rank of Colonel of the
Illinois National Guard. Died, at Urbana, May
10, 1892.

MATTOOX. an important city in Coles County,
172 miles west of south from Chicago and 56 miles
■west of Terre Haute, Ind. ; a point of junction for
three lines of railway, and an important shipping
point for corn and broom corn, which are both
extensively grown in the surrounding region. It
has several banks, foundries, machine shops,
brick and tile-works. flour-milLs, grain-elevators,
veith two daily and four weekly newspapers; also
has good graded schools and a high school. The
repair shops of the Cleveland, Cincinnati. Chi
cago & St. Louis Railroad are located here.
Population (1880). .1,7.37: fl890), 6,833.

MAXWELL, Philip, M.D., pioneer physician,
was born at Guilford, Vt., April 3, 1799, graduated
in medicine and practiced for a time at Sacketf s
Harbor, also serving in the New York Legisla-
ture; was appointed Assistant Surgeon at Fort
Dearborn, in 1.833. remaining intil the abandon-
ment of the fort at the end of 1836. In 1838 he
was promoted Surgeon, and served with Gen.
Zachary Taylor in the campaign against the Senii-
noles in Florida, but resumed private practice in
Chicago in 1844; served two terms as Represent-
ative in the General Assembly (1848-52) and. in
1855, settled on the shores of Lake Geneva, Wis.,
where he died, Nov. 5, 1859.

MAY, William L., early lawyer and Congress-
man, was born in Kentucky, came at an early day

to Edwardsville, 111., and afterwards to Jackson-
ville; was elected from Morgan County to the
.Sixth General Assembly (1828), and the next year
removed to Springfield, having been appointed by
President Jackson Receiver of Public Jloneys for
the Land Office there. He was twice elected to
Congress (1834 and "36), the first year defeating
Benjamin Mills, a brilliant lawyer of (Jalena.
Later, May became a resident of Peoria, but
finally removed to California, where he died,

MAYO, Walter L., legislator, was born in Albe-
marle County Va., March 7, 1810; came to
Edwards County, III, in 1828, and began teach-
ing. He took part in the Black Hawk War
(1831-32), being appointed by Governor Reynolds
Quartermaster of a battalion organized in that
section of the State. He had previously been
appointed County Clerk of Edwards County to till
a vacancy, and continued, by successive re-elec-
tions, to occupy the position for thirty-seven
years — also acting, for a portion of the time, as
Circuit Clerk, Judge of Probate and County Treas-
urer. In 1870 he was elected Representative in
the Twenty-seventh General Assembly for the
Edwards County District. On the evening of Jan.
18, 1878, he mysteriously disappeared, having
been last seen at the Union Depot at East St.
Louis, when abi.ut to take the train for his home
at Albion, and is supposed to have been secretly
murdered. No trace of his body or of the crime
was ever discovered, and the affair has remained
one of the mysteries of the criminal history of

MAYWOOD, a village of Cook County, and
suburb of Chicago, 10 miles west of that city, on
the Chicago & Northwestern and the Chicago
Great Western Riilways; has churches, two
weekly newspapers, public schools and some
manufactures. Population (1890). 2,076.

McAllister, William K., jurist, was born in
Washington County, N, Y., in 1818. After
admission to the bar he commenced practice at
Albion, N. Y., and, in 1854, removed to Chicago.
In 18G6 he was a candidate for the bench of the
Superior Court of that city, but was defeated by
Judge Jameson. Two years later he was chosen
Judge of the Recorder's Court, and. in 1870, was
elected a Justice of the Supreme Court, which
position he resigned in 1875, having been elected
a Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County to
fill a vacancy. He was re-elected for a full term
and assigned to Appellate Court duty in 1879.
He was elected for a third time in 1885, but,
before the expiration of his term, he died, Oct.



McARTHUR, John, soldier, was born in Ers-
kine, Scotland, Nov. 17, 1826; worked at his
father's trade of blacksmith until 23 3'ears old,
when, coming to the United States, he settled in
Chicago. Here he became foreman of a boiler-
making establishment, later acquiring an estab-
lishment of his own. Having joined the Twelfth
Illinois Volunteers at the beginning of the war,
with a company of which he was Captain, he
was chosen Lieutenant-Colonel, still later Colonel,
and, in March, 18G2, promoted to Brigadier-Gen-
eral for gallantry in the assault on Fort Donelson,
where he commanded a brigade. At Shiloh he
was wounded, but after having his wound dressed,
returned to the flght and succeeded to the com-
mand of the Second Division when Gen. \V. H. L.
Wallace fell mortally wounded. He commanded
a division of McPherson's corps in the operations
against Vicksbui'g, and bore a conspicuous part in
the battle of Nashville, where he commanded a
division under Gen. A. J. Smith, winning a brevet
Major-Generalship by his gallantry. General
McArthur was Postmaster of Chicago from 1873
to 1877.

McCAGG, Ezra Butler, lawyer, was born at
Kinderhook, N Y. . Nov. 22, 182.'); studied law at
Hudson, and, coming to Chicago in 1847, entered
tlie law office of J. Young Scammon, soon after-
wards becoming a member of the firm of Scam-
mon & McCagg. During the war Mr. McCagg
was an active mem ber of the United States Sani-
tary Commission, and (for sonie years after the
fire of 1871) of the Relief and .\id Society; is also
a life-member and officer of the Chicago Histori-
cal Society, besides being identified with several
State and mimicipal boards. His standing in liis
profession is shown by the fact that he has been
more than once offered a non-partisan nomina-
tion for Justice of the Supreme Court, but has de-
clined. He occupies a high rank in literary circles,
as well as a connoisseur in art, and is the owner of a
large private library collected since the destruction
of one of the best in the West by the fire of 1871.

McCartney, James, lawyer and ex-Attorney
General, was born of Scotch parentage in the
north of Ireland. Feb. 14, 1835; at two years of
age was brought to the United States and, until
184.'), resided in Pennsylvania, wlien his parents
removed to Trumbull Count3'. Ohio. Here he
spent his youth in general farm work, meanwliile
attending a high school and finallj' engaging in
teaching. In 18.56 he began the study of law at
Warren, Ohio, which he continued a year later in
the office of Harding & Reed, at Monmouth, 111. ;
was admitted to the bar in January, '18.')8, and

began practice at Monmouth, removing the fol-
lowing year to Galva. In April, 1861, he enlisted
in what afterwards became the Seventeenth
Regiment Illinois Volunteers, was commissioned
a First Lieutenant, but, a year later, was com-
pelled to resign on account of ill- health. A few
months later he re-enlisted in the One Hundred
and Twelfth Illinois, being soon promoted to a
captaincy, although serving much of the time as
Judge Advocate on courts-martial, and, for one
year, as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General in the
Army of the Ohio. At the conclusion of his term
of service in the army, he resumed the practice
of his profession at Fairfield, 111. ; in 1880 was
nominated and elected, as a Republican, Attorney-
General of the State, and, during his last year in
office, began the celebrated "Lake Front suits"
which finally terminated successfully for the'
city of Chicago. Since retiring from office. Gen-
eral McCartney has been engaged in the practice
of his profession, chiefly in Springfield and Chi-
cago, having been a resident of the latter city
.since 1890.

McCartney, Robert Wilson, lawyer and
jurist, was born in Trumbull County, Ohio,
March 19, 1843, spent a portion of his boyhood in
Pennsylvania, afterwards returning to Y'oungs-
town, Ohio, where he enlisted as a private in the
Sixtli Ohio Cavalry. He was severely wounded
at the battle of Gettysburg, lying two days and
nights on the field and enduring untold suffering.
As soon as able to take the field he was commis-
sioned, by Governor Cvirtin. a Captain in the
Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, serving in
the army of the Potomac to the close of the war,
and taking part in the grand review at Washing-
ton in May, 186.'). After the war he took a course
in a business college at Pittsburg, removed to
Cleveland and began the study of law, but soon
came to Illinois, and, having completed his law
studies with his brother. J. T. McCartney, at
iletropolis, was admitted to the bar in 1868; also
edited a Republican paper there, became inter-
ested in lumber manufacture and was one of the
founders of the First National Bank of that city.
In 1873 he was elected County Judge of Massac
County, serving nine years, when (1882) he was
elected Representative in the Thirty-third Gen-
eral Assembly. At the close of his term in the
Legislatm-e he was elected Judge of the Circuit
Court for the first Circuit, serving from 188.5 to
1891. Died. Oct. 27, 1893. Judge McCartney
was able, public-spirited and patriotic. The city
of Metropolis owes to him the Free Public Library-
bearing his name.



McCLAl'GHRY, Robert Wilson, penologist,
was born at Fountain Green, Hancock County,
111.. July 22, 1S39, being descended from Scotch
Irish ancestry — his grandfather, who was a native
of the North of Ireland, having come to America
in his youth and served in the War of the Revolu-
tion. The subject of this sketch grew up on a
farm, attending school in the winter until 1854,
then spent the next two winters at an academy,
and, in 18.")6. began a course in Monmouth Col-
lege, where he graduated in 1860. The following
j'ear he spent as instructor in Latin in the same
institution, but, in 1861, l)ecanie editor of "The
Carthage Rei)ublican," a Democratic paper,
wliicli he made a strong advocate of the cause of
the Union, meanwhile, both by his pen and on
the stump, encouraging enlistments in the army.
About the first of July, 1862, having disposed of
liis interest in the paper, he enlisted in a company
of which he was unanimously chosen Captain,
and which, with four other companies organized
in the same section, became the nucleus of the
One Hundred and Eighteenth Illinois Volunteers.
The regiment having been completed at Camp
Butler, he was elected Major, and going to the
field in the following fall, took part in General
Sherman's first movement against Vicksburg by
way of Chickasaw Bayou, in December, 1863.
Later, as a member of Osterhaus' Division of Gen-
eral McClernand's corps, he participated with his
regiment in the capture of Arkansas Post, and in
tlie oi)erations against Vicksburg -which resulted
in the capture of that stronghold, in July. 18G3.
lie then joined the Department of tlie Gulf under
command of General Banks, but was compelled
liy sickness to return north. Having sufficiently
recovered, he spent a few months in the recruit-
ing service (1864). but. in May of that year, was
transferred, by order of President Lincoln, to the
Pay Department, as Additional-Paymaster, with
the rank of Major, being finally assigned to duty
at Springfield, where lie remained, paying off Illi-
nois regiments as mustered out of the service,
until Oct. 13, 186.5, when he was honorably dis-
charged. A few weeks later he was elected
County Clerk of Hancock County, serving four
years. In the meantime he engaged in the stone
business, as head of the firm of R. W. McClaughry
& Co. . furnishing stone for the basement of the
State Capitol at Springfield and for bridges across
the Mississippi at Quincy and Keokuk — later
being engaged in tlie same business at St. Gene-
vieve, Mo,, with headcjuarters at St. Louis. Com-
pelled to retire by failing health, lie took up his
residence at Monmouth in 1873, but, in 1874, was

called to the wardenship of the State Peniten-
tiary at Joliet. Here he remained until December,
1888, when he resigned to accept the superin-
tendencj' of the Industrial Reformatory at
Huntingdon, Pa., but. in May, 1891, accepted
from JIayor Washburne the position of Chief of
Police in Chicago, continuing in service, under
Mayor Harrison, until August. 1893, when he
became Superintendent of the Illinois State
Reformatory at Pontiac. Early in 1897 he was
again offered and accepted the position of "Warden
of the State Penitentiary at Joliet. Here he re-
mained until 1899. when he received from Presi-
dent McKinley the appointment of Warden of the
Military Prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kan.,
which position he now (1899) occupies. Major Mc-
Claughry "s administration of penal and reforma-
tory institutions has been eminently satisfactoiy,
and he has taken rank as one of the most success-
ful penologists in the country.

MeCLELLAX, Robert H., lawyer and banker,
was born in Washington County. X. Y., Jan. 3,
1823; graduated at Union College, Schenectady,
in 1847, and then studied law with Hon. Martin I.
Townsend, of Troy, being admitted to the bar in
18.50. The same year he removed to Galena, IlL ;
during his first winter there, edited "The Galena
Gazette,"" and the following spring formed a
partnership with John M. Douglas, afterwards
General Solicitor and President of the Illinois
Central Railroad, which ended with the removal
of the latter to Chicago, when Mr JlcClellan
succeeded him as local attorney of tlie road at
Galena. In 1804 Mr. McClellan became President
of the Bank of Galena— later the "National Bank
of Galena" — remaining for over twenty years.
He is also largely interested in local manufac-
tories and financial institutions elewhere. He
served as a Republican Representative in the
Twenty-second General Assembly (1861-62). and
as Senator (1876-80), and maintained a high rank
as a sagacious and judicious legislator. Liberal,
public-spirited and patriotic, his name has been
prominently connected with all movements for
the improvement of his loivality and the advance-
ment of the interests of the State.

McCLER>'AXD, John Alexander, a volunteer
officer in the Civil War and prominent Demo-
cratic politician, was born in Breckenridge
County, Ky., May 30, 1812, brought to Shawnee-
town in 1816, was admitted to the in 1832.
and engaged in journalism for a time. He served
in the Black Hawk War. and was elected to the
Legislature in 1836. and again in 1840 and '43.
The latter year he was elected to Congress, serv-



ing four consecutive terms, but declining a
renomination, being about to remove to Jackson-
ville, where he resided from 1S51 to 1856. Twice
(1840 and '52) he was a Presidential Elector on
the Democratic ticket. In 1856 he removed to
Springfield, and, in 1859, re-entered Congress as
Representative of the Springfield District; was
re-elected in 1860, but resigned in 1861 to accept
a commission as Brigadier-Xreneral of Volunteers
from President Lincoln, being promoted Major-
General early in 1863. lie participated in the
battles of Belmont, Fort Donelson, Shiloh and
before Vicksburg, and was in command at the
capture of Arkansas Post, but was severely criti-
cised for some of his acts during the Vicksburg
campaign and relieved of his command by Gen-
eral Grant. Having finally been restored by
order of President Lincoln, he participated in the
campaign in Louisiana and Texas, but resigned
his commission in 1864. General McClernand
presided over the Democratic National Conven-
tion of 1876, and, in 1886, was appointed by Presi-
dent Cleveland one of the members of the Utah
Commission, serving through President Harri-
son's administration. He was also elected
Circuit Judge in 1870, as succ essor to Hon. B. S.
Edwards, who had resigned.

McCLURU, Alexander C, soldier and pub-
lisher, was born in Philadelphia but grew up in
Pittsburg, where his father was an iron manu-
facturer. He graduated at Miami University.
Oxford, Ohio., and, after studying law for a time
with Chief Justice Lowrie of Pennsylvania, came
to Chicago in 1859, and entered the bookstore of
S. C. Griggs & Co. , as a junior clerk. Early in
1861 he enlisted as a private in the War of the
Rebellion, but the quota of three-months' men
being already full, his services veere not accepted.
In August. 1863, he became a member of the
"Crosby Guards," afterwards incorporated in the
Eighty -eighth Illinois Infantry (Second Board of
Trade Regiment), and was unanimously elected
Captain of Company H. After the battle of
Perryville, he was detailed as Judge Advocate at
Nashville, and, in the following year, offered the
position of Assistant Adjutant-General on the
staff of General McCook, afterwards serving in a
similar capacity on the staffs of Generals Thomas,
Sheridan and Baird. He took part in the defense
of Chattanooga and, at the battle of Missionary
Ridge, had two liorses shot under him ; was also
with the Fourteenth Army Corps in the Atlanta
campaign, and, at the request of Gen. Jeff. C.
Davis, was promoted to the rank of Colonel and
brevetted Brigadier-General — later, being pre-

sented with a sword bearing the names of the
principal battles in which he was engaged,
besides being especially complimented in letters
by Generals Sherman, Thomas, Baird, Mitchell,
Davis and others. He was invited to enter the
regular army at the close of the war, but pre-
ferred to return to private life, and resumed his
former position with S. C. Griggs & Co., soon
after becoming a junior partner in the concern,
of which he has since become the chief. In the
various mutations through which this extensive
firm has gone. General McClurg has been a lead-
ing factor until now (and since 1887) he stands
at the head of the most extensive publishing firm
west of New York.

McCON?(EL, Murray, pioneer and lawyer, was
born in Orange County, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1798, and
educated in the common schools; left home at
14 years of age and, after a year at Louisville,
spent several years flat-boating, trading and
hunting in the West, during this period visiting
Arkansas, Texas and Kansas, finally settling on a
farm near Herculaneum, Mo. In 1823 he located
in Scott (then a part of Morgan) County, 111., but
when the town of Jacksonville was laid out,
became a citizen of that place. During the Black
Hawk War (July and August, 1832), he served on

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