Newton Bateman.

Historical encyclopedia of Illinois online

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during the last twenty-five years of his life.
About 1837 or 1838 he was editor of a paper called
"The Backwoodsman" at Grafton — then a part
of Greene County, but now in Jersey Countj- — to
which lie afterwards continued to be a contribu-
tor some time longer, and, in 18-11-42, was editor
of "The Advertiser, " at Louisville, Ky. He was
also, for several years, Principal of the Spring
Hill Academy in East Fehciana Parish. La.,
meanwhile serving for a portion of the time as
Superintendent of Public Schools. He was the
author of a number of stories and sketches, some
of which went through several editions, and, at
the time of liis death, had in preparation a his-
tory of "The Black Hawk War," "Evidences of
Christianity" and a "History of Illinois." He
was an accomplished linguist, being able to read
with fluency Greek, Latin, French, Spanish and
Italian, besides having considerable familiarity
with several other modern languages. In 1862
he received from the University of Chicago the
degree of LL.D. Died, Jan. 2, 1863, and was'
buried on the old homestead at Bluifdale.

RISSELL, Martin J., politician and journal-
ist, born in Chicago, Dec. 20, 1845. He was a
nephew of Col. James A. Mulligan (see MiiUigan,
James A.) and served with credit as Adjutant-
General on the staff of the latter in the Civil
War. In 1870 he became a reporter on "The
Chicago Evening Post." and was advanced to
the position of city editor. Subsequently he was
connected with "The Times," and "The Tele-
gram" ; was also a member of the Board of Edu-
cation of Hyde Park before the annexation of
that village to Chicago, and has been one of the
South Park Commissioners of the city last named.
After the of "The Chicago Times" by
Carter H. Harrison he remained for a time on
the editorial staff. In 1894 President Cleveland
appointed him Collector of the Port of Chicago.
At the expiration of his term of office he resumed
editorial work as editor-in-cliief of "The Chron-
icle," the organ of the Democratic party in

RUTHERFORD, Friend S., lawyer and sol-
dier, was born in Schenectady, N. Y., Sept. 25,


1830; studied law in Troy and removed to Illi-
nois, settling at Edwardsville, and finally at
Alton; was a Republican candidate for Presi-
dential Elector in 1856, and, in 1860, a member of
the National Republican Convention at Chicago,
which nominated Mr. Lincoln for the Presidency.
In September, 1863, he was commissioned Colonel
of the Ninety-seventh Illinois Volunteers, and
participated in the capture of Port Gibson and in
the operations about Vicksburg— also leading in
the attack on Arkansas Post, and subsequently
serving in Louisiana, but died as the result of
fatigue and exposure in the service, June 20.
1864, one week before his promotion to the rank
of Brigadier-General.— Reuben C. (Rutherford),
brother of the preceding, was born at Troy, N. Y. ,
Sept. 29, 1823, but grew up in Vermont and New
Hampshire; received a degree in law when quite
young, but afterwards fitted himself as a lec-
turer on physiology and hygiene, upon which he
lectured extensively in Michigan, Illinois and
other States after coming west in 1849. During
1854-55, in co-operation with Prof. J. B. Turner
and others, he canvassed and lectured extensively
throughout Illinois in support of the movement
which resulted in the donation of public lands,
by Congress, for the establishment of "Industrial
Colleges" in the several States. The establish-
ment of the University of Illinois, at Champaign,
was the outgrowth of this movement. In 1856 he
located at Quincy, where he resided some thirty
years; in 1861, served for several months as the
first Commissary of Subsistence at Cairo; was
later associated with the State Quartermaster's
Department, finally entering the secret service of
the War Department, in which he remained until
1867, retiring with the rank of brevet Brigadier-
General. In 1880, General Rutherford removed
to New York City, wlierehe died, June 24. 1895.—
George V. (Rutlierford), another brother, was
born at Rutland, Vt., 1830; was first admitted to
the bar, but afterwards took charge of tlie con-
struction of telegraph lines in some of the South-
ern States; at the beginning of the Civil War
became Assistant Quartermaster-General of the
State of Illinois, at Springfield, under ex-Gov.
John Wood, but subsequently entered the
Quartermaster's service of the General Govern-
ment in Washington, retiring after the war with
the rank of Brigadier-General. He then returned
to Quincy, 111. , where he resided until 1873, when
he engaged in manufacturing business at North-
ampton, Mass., but finally removed to California
for the benefit of his failing health. Died, at St.
Helena, Cal., August 38, 1872.

RUTLAND, a village of La Salle County, on
the Illinois Central Railroad, 25 miles south of La
Salle; has a bank and a local newspaper, with
coal mines in the vicinity. Population (1890),

RUTLEDGE, (Rev.) IViUIam J., clergyman,
Army Chaplain, born in Augusta County, Va.,
June 34, 1820; was converted at the age of 12
years and, at 21, became a member of the Illinois
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
serving various churches in the central and west-
ern parts of the State — also acting, for a time, as
Agent of the Illinois Conference Female College
at Jacksonville. From 1861 to 1863 he was Chap-
lain of the Fourteentli Regiment Illinois Volun-
teers. Returning from the war, he served as
pastor of churches at Jacksonville, Bloomiugton,
Quincy, Rushville, Springfield, Griggsville and
other points; from 1881 to "84 was Chaplain of
the Illinois State Penitentiary at Joliet. Mr.
Rutledge was one of the founders of the Grand
Army of the Republic, and served for many years
as Chaplain of the order for the Department of
Illinois. In connection with the ministry, he
lias occupied a supernumerary relation since
1885. His present home is in Jacksonville.

RUTZ, Edward, State Treasurer, was born in
a village in the Duchy of Baden, Germany, May
5, 1829 ; came to America in 1848, locating on a
farm in St. Clair County, 111. ; went to California
in 1857, and, early in 1861, enlisted in the Third
United States Artillery at San Francisco, serving
with the Army of the Potomac until his discharge
in 1864, and taking part in every battle iu which
his command was engaged. After his return in
1865, he located in St. Clair County, and was
elected County Sm-veyor, served three consecu-
tive terms as County Treasurer, and was elected
State Treasurer three times — 1873, '76 and '80.
About 1892 he removed to California, wliere he
now resides.

RYAN, Edward G., early editor and jmist,
born at Newcastle House, County Meath, Ireland,
Nov. 13, 1810; was educated for the priesthood,
but turned his attention to law, and, in 1830,
came to New York and engaged in teaching
while prosecuting his legal studies; in 1836 re-
moved to Chicago, where he was admitted to the
bar and was. for a time, associated in practice
with Hugh T. Dickey. In April, 1840, Mr. Ryan
assumed the editorship of a weekly paper in Chi-
cago called '"The Illinois Tribune," which he
conducted for over a year, and. which is remem-
bered chiefly on account of its bitter assaults on
Judge John Pearson of Danville, wlio h;id



•d the hostility of some members of the
Chicago bar by his rvilings upon tlie bench.
About 1842 Ryan removed to Milwaukee, Wis.,
where lie was, for a time, a partner of Matthew
H. Carpenter (afterwards United States Senator),
and was connecteil with a number of celebrated
trials before the courts of that State, including
the Barstow-Bashford case, which ended with
Bashford becoming the first Republican Governor
of "Wisconsin. In 1874 he was appointed Chief
Justice of Wisconsin, ' serving until his death,
wliich occurred at Madison, Oct. 19, 1880. He
was a strong partisan, and, during the Civil War,
was an intense opponent of the war policy of the
Government. In spite of infirmities of temper,
he appears to have been a man of much learning
and recognized legal ability.

RYAN, James, Roman Catholic Bishop, born
in Ireland in 1848 and emigrated to America in
childhood; was educated for the priesthood in
Kentucky, and, after ordination, was made a pro-
fessor in St. Joseph's Seminary, at Bardstown,
Ky. In 1878 he removed to Illinois, attaching
himself to the diocese of Peoria, and liaving
charge of parishes at Wataga and Danville. In
1881 he became rector of the Ottawa parish,
within the episcopal jurisdiction of the Arch-
bishop of Chicago. In 1888 he was made Bishop
of the see of Alton, the prior incumbent (Bishop
having died in 1886.

SACS AND FOXES, two confederated Indian
tribes, who were among the most warlike and
powerful of the aborigines of the Illinois Country.
The Foxes called themselves the Musk-wah-ha-
kee, a name compounded of two words, signify-
ing "those of red earth." The French called
them Ou-taga-mies, that being their spelling of
the name given tliem by other tribes, the mean-
ing of which was "Foxes," and which was
bestowed upon them because their totem (or
armorial device, as it may be called) was a fox.
They seem to have been driven westward from
the northern shore of Lake Ontario, by way of
Niagara and Mackinac, to the region around
Green Bay, Wis. — Concerning their allied breth-
ren, the Sacs, less is known. The name is vari-
oxisly spelled in the Indian dialects — Ou-sa-kies,
Sauks, etc. — and the term Sacs is un(iuestionably
an abbreviated corruption. Black Hawk be-
longed to this tribe. The Foxes and Sacs formed
a confederation according to aboriginal tradition,
on what is now known as the Sac River, near
Green Bay, but the date of the alliance cannot
be determined. The origin of the Sacs is equally

uncertain. Black Hawk claimed that Kis tribe
originally dwelt around yuebec;, but, as to the
authenticity of this claim, historical authorities
diflfer widely. Subse(iuent to 1670 the history of
the allied tribes is tolerably well defined. Their
characteristics, location and habits are described
at some length by Father AUouez, who visited
them in 1066-67. He says that they were numer-
ous and warlike, but depicts them as "penurious,
avaricious, thievish and quarrelsome." That
they were cordially detested by their neighbors
is certain, and Judge James Hall calls them "the
Ishmaelites of the lakes. " They were unfriendly
to the French, who attaclied to themselves other
tribes, and, through the aid of the latter, had
well-nigh exterminated them, when tlie Sacs and
Foxes sued for peace, which was granted on
terms most humiliating to the vanquished. By
1718, however, they were virtually in possession
of the region around Rock River in Illinois, and,
four years later, through tlie aid of the Mascou-
tinsand Kickapoos, they had expelled the Illinois,
driving the last of that ill-fated tribe across the
Illinois River. They abstained from taking part
in the border wars that marked the close of the
Revolutionary War, and therefore did not par-
ticipate -in the treaty of Greenville in 179.). At
that date, according to Judge Hall, they claimed
the country as far west as Council Bluffs, Iowa,
and as far north as Prairie du Chien. Tliey
offered to co-operate with the United States
Government in the War of 1813, but this offer
was declined, and a portion of the tribe, under
the leadership of Black Hawk, enlisted on the
side of the British. Tlie Black Hawk War proved
their political ruin. By the treaty of Rock Island
they ceded vast tracts of land, including a large
part of the eastern half of Iowa and a large body
of land east of the Mississippi. (See Black Hawk
War; Indian Treaties.) In 1843 the Government
divided the nation into two bands, removing botli
to reservations in the farther West. One was
located on the Osage River and the other on the
.south side of the Nee-ma-ha River, near the
northwest corner of Kansas. From these reser-
vations, tliere is little doubt, many of them have
silently emigrated toward the Rocky Mountains,
where the hoe might bo lai

Online LibraryNewton BatemanHistorical encyclopedia of Illinois → online text (page 97 of 207)