Norris Galpin Osborn.

Men of mark in Connecticut; ideals of American life told in biographies and autobiographies of eminent living Americans (Volume 1) online

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system of the State. In 1885 he served as one of the leading members
on a commission which recommended a better method of taxation, and
it was he who drew up the report which resulted in a great increase in
the revenues of the State. During these years of active public service
he continued his duties as professor at the Yale Law School. He
also took the leading part in the founding and organizing of the
American Bar Association and in 1890 he was elected its president.
The following year Harvard University conferred upon him the
honorary degree of LL.D. From 1899 to 1901 he was president of
the International Law Association of London.

Professor Baldwin was by this time recognized as one of the lead-
ing jurists in the State and his reputation extended throughout the
country and to England. In 1893 he was elected an associate judge of
the Supreme Court of Errors of Connecticut, an office which he still
holds. As a professor and later as a judge he has made several valua-
ble contributions to legal literature. He is the author of "Baldwin's
Digest of the Connecticut Law Eeports" (2 vols.), 1871, 1883; of
"Modern Political Institutions," 1898 ; of "American Eailroad Law,"
and of "The American Judiciary." He is co-author of "Two Centuries
Growth of American Law," 1901, and has written numerous articles
for magazines and literary societies, also many pamphlets and ad-


Although the greater portion of Judge Baldwin's time has been
devoted to the study, practice, teaching and interpretation of the
law, he has found ample opportunity to give serious attention to
politics, history and social science as well as to church and municipal
affairs. His political affiliations have been with the Democratic
party. He took a prominent part in the presidential campaign of
1884, which resulted in sending Grover Cleveland to Washington as the
first Democratic president since the Civil War. In 1889 he was made
president of the State Democratic Club. His present Judicial position
compels him to refrain from taking an active part in political contests,
but he retains a keen interest in public affairs. He is an enthusiastic
student of history, especially of the history of law and of his own
State. For twelve years until 1896, he was president of the New
Haven Colony Historical Society and during 1899 he was president
of the Connecticut Arch^ological Society. In 1905 he was
elected president of the American Historical Association. He is a
member of the American Antiquarian Society and of the National In-
stitute of Arts and Letters, a fellow of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science and a corresponding member of the
Massachusetts Historical Society and of the Colonial Society of Mas-
sachusetts. On legal history he is one of the recognized authorities of
the country. He has given much time to the study of political and
social science, and, what is of far greater importance to his fellow
men, he has put his knowledge thus gained to practical use, by writ-
ing text-books and by suggesting legislation along progressive lines.
In recognition of his services as a student of social questions he was,
in 1897, elected president of the American Social Science Association,
a position which he held for two years. In 1900 he was sent as a
delegate from the United States to the International Prison Congress
held at Brussels. In religious affairs also Judge Baldwin is promi-
nent. He is a member of the Congregational Church and has served
as a moderator of the General Conference. As president of the local
Young Men's Christian Association he has given encouragement to
that great organization of practical Christian effort. In the municipal
affairs of the city in which he has always lived Judge Baldwin has
rendered his full share of service as a public spirited citizen. He
was active in the promotion of the New Haven Park System and es-
pecially in the establishment of East Rock Park.


In 1865 Judge Baldwin was married to Susan Winchester, the
daughter of Edmund Winchester of Boston. They have had three
children, two of whom are now living, Roger Sherman Baldwin and
Helen Baldwin Oilman, wife of Dr. Warren R. Gilman of Worcester,

The story of Judge Baldwin's successful career contains several
lessons helpful to young men of the present generation. In the first
place, as the son of a prominent family, he withstood the common
temptation to rest on the laurels of his father and grandfather, and
he has gone through life determined to win his own name. He has
not emulated his father's success in the political world, but he has
surpassed him as a jurist; and by his own effort he now occupies the
same position in the State judiciary as was held by his grandfather
many years before him. As a university professor he did not permit
his class-room duties to limit his activity, but the very year of his
appointment he began to place his legal knowledge at the services of
the State. On the other hand, he did not permit frequent public
honors to cause him to neglect his obligations to Yale University, but
continued to instruct classes at the Law School. Finally, as a jurist,
he took an intelligent and active interest in other spheres of activity,
and his achievements in these lines have contributed much to his suc-
cess. Judge Baldwin is known as an able jurist, a public spirited
citizen, and a broad-minded man.


HAMEESLEY, WILLIAM, was born at Hartford, Connecticut,
September 9th, 1838. He was the son of William James
Hamersley and Laura Sophia Cooke. His mother was a
daughter of Oliver Dudley Cooke, of Puritan descent, who was for a
few years after his graduation from Yale, a Congregational clergyman,
and, afterwards, in 1800, founded the publishing house of 0. D.
Cooke. He is fourth in descent from William Hamersley, an officer
of the British ship of war, "Valeur," — which was stationed at New
York in 1716, — who resigned his commission and married a wife of
Dutch descent, settling in New York. The father of William Ham-
ersley was, for many years, a distinguished citizen of Hartford, and at
one time postmaster of the city. He was for a term of years editor of
the American Mercury ^ which paper was later sold to, and incor-
porated with, the Independent Press of Hartford.

After passing through the grammar and high schools of his
native city, Mr. Hamersley entered Trinity College in 1854, but
was never graduated He entered the law office of Welch & Shipman
and was admitted to the Bar in 1859, and at once began the practice
of law independently in Hartford.

Mr. Hamersley made his entrance into official life as a member of
the Court of Common Council in 1863. Three years later he was
chosen vice-president of that body, and for the year 1867-1868, served
as its president. From 1866 to 1868 he held the position of City
Attorney for Hartford, and then resigned to accept an appointment
as State's Attorney for Hartford County. This position he filled for
twenty years with great acceptability. Mr. Hamersley was appointed
on the commission which, in 1878, framed the Practice Act, and the
Orders and Rules of Court and Forms, under that act, which were
adopted by the judges. In 1886 he represented Hartford in the State
House of Eepresentatives, and served on the committees on judiciary
and federal relations. In 1893 Governor Morris appointed Mr.
Hamersley an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Errors, and


this appointment was met with approbation throughout the State. In
1901 he was reappointed to this position. He was a lecturer on con-
stitutional law at Trinity College from 1875 to 1900, and has been a
member of the Board of Trustees of Trinity since 1884. In 1893,
Trinity College, proud of her son, conferred on him the honorary
degree of LL.D.

Mr. Hamersley was one of the founders of the Connecticut State
Bar Association, and with Eichard D. Hubbard and Simeon E, Bald-
win, constituted the committee of the association, through whose
efforts the American Bar Association was formed. Through this
agency much of the most important legislation during almost a quarter
of a century has been achieved. He was instrumental in improving
the jury system in Connecticut. Mr. Hamersley^s whole life has been
given to the practice of his chosen profession, and to work relating to
reform in the state law proceedings.


PRENTICE, SAMUEL OSCAR, Justice of the Supreme Court
of Errors of Connecticut, was born in North. Stonington, New
London County, Connecticut, August 8th, 1850. He is the
son of Chester Smith Prentice and Lucy Crary Prentice. His father
was a farmer who served his townsmen as representative in the State
Legislature in 1857 and 1862, and later as selectman and first select-
man during the Civil War period.

The first American to bear the Judge's family name was Captain
Thomas Prentice of Newton, Massachusetts, known to the early
English settlers as "The Trooper," Among his other distinguished
ancestors, all of whom came from England or Scotland, are found
Elder William Brewster, Colonel George Denison, Thomas Stanton,
Captain James Avery, Captain John Gallup, Richard Treat, Rev.
James Noyes, and William Cheesboro, all names conspicuously associ-
ated with the early history of New England.

Judge Prentice spent his youth in the country until the time of
his college preparation, which was carried on at the Norwich Free
Academy from 1866 to 1869. He then entered Yale College, from
which he was graduated in 1873 with the degree of A.B.

During his college course Judge Prentice won many honors both
in the gift of the faculty and of his fellow students. Among these
honors were three composition prizes, a Junior rhetorical, the 'TjW
prize medal and oration stand at junior exhibition and at Commence-
ment. He was also chairman of the editorial board of the "Lit."
He was a member of the following college societies : Kappa Sigma
Epsilon, Delta Beta Xi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, and Skull and Bones.

Having chosen the law as his future profession. Judge Prentice
attended the Yale Law School after completing his academic course
and received his LL.B. degree in 1875. He took the Townsend
prize for the best oration at this graduation. During his course at the
law school he was also special teacher in the Hopkins Grammar School
in New Haven.

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In the autumn following his graduation from the law school.
Judge Prentice, having been immediately admitted to the bar, began
practice as a clerk in the law office of Chamberlain, Hall & White of
Hartford, Connecticut. The following year, in 1876, he was admitted
into the law firm of Johnson & Prentice as junior member. This
partnership continued until the summer of 1889, when he became a
judge of the Connecticut Superior Court, being appointed to this posi-
tion by Governor Morgan Gr. Bulkeley, to whom he had been executive
secretary. He was confirmed by the General Assembly. At the ex-
piration of his term of eight years, in 1897, he was reappointed for a
second term. In 1901 Judge Prentice was appointed and confirmed
justice of the Supreme Court of Errors of Connecticut. He now
occupies this high position, and ranks as one of the foremost jurists
in the State.

Judge Prentice has rendered many important public services to
his town and State. From October, 1881, to October, 1886, he was
chairman of the Hartford city and town Eepublican committees, and
he was a delegate to the Eepublican State Presidential Convention in
1884, and to the State Convention in 1886. For several years he was
town and city attorney of Hartford. For twelve years he was clerk of
the Hartford County Bar. He has been a member of the State Bar
Examining Committee since its organization in 1890, and its chairman
since June, 1898. In 1896 he was made instructor in pleading at the
Yale Law School. In 1901, he was appointed professor of pleading in
the same school, and he still retains his classes at Yale.

The Judge was an officer of Company K, First Eegiment, Con-
necticut National Guard, from 1879 to 1889. He was president of the
Hartford Library Association 1885-6, and has been president of the
Hartford Public Library Association since 1895. In 1899 he was
made president of the Yale Alumni Association of Hartford County.
He was president of the Hartford Golf Club for three years, and vice-
president of the Waumbeck Golf Club of New Hampshire for three
years. He is a member of the Congregational Church. His favorite
relaxation from his legal and public duties is found in walking and
playing golf.

On the 24th of April, 1901, Judge Prentice married Anne Combe
Post of Jersey City, N. J. They have no children. Their home is at
number 70 Gillett Street, Hartford.



HADLEY, ARTHUR TWINING, LL.D., educator, political
economist, and president of Yale University since 1899, is
a fine type of the American scholar, who is versed in prac-
tical affairs, and is a worthy representative of an old and distinguished
family. His careful cultivation of the fine talents which he inherited,
together with his earnestness of purpose, high character, clear percep-
tions, and prompt and efficient action, brought him into prominence in
comparatively early life. Among other honors, he enjoys the distinc-
tion of being the first layman to be elected president of Yale, which for
two hundred years had had a minister at its head. And what is more
remarkable, this honorable position was reached when he was only
forty-three years of age.

Mr. Hadley was born at New Haven, Connecticut, April 23, 1856.
He was the son of James and Anne (Twining) Hadley. His father
was a man of warm heart and broad sympathies, a noted educator
and philologist, the author of important text-books, and for more than
twenty years professor of Greek at Yale. Two of the elder Hadley's
brothers were distinguished men, one a professor in a medical college,
and the other a professor of Hebrew in the Union Theological Semi-
nary at New York, and later in the Divinity School of Yale. His
wife, too, belonged to a noted family. She was a woman of fine
qualities of mind and heart. That her intellect was highly cultivated
is attested to by the fact that in mathematics she took what was then
the full course of study at Yale.

The earliest members of the Hadley family to settle in this
country came from England about 1640, and located in the north-
eastern part of Massachusetts, Among the earlier members to become
especially distinguished were the great-grandfather and grandfather
of President Hadley, the former of whom. Captain George Hadley,
■was a noted Indian fighter in New Hampshire, and the latter, James
Hadley, a professor of chemistry in a medical college then located in
Fairfield, New York.


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The childhood and youth of Mr. Hadley were passed in the city
in which he was born. His health was only moderately good. His
interests were divided between books and play. He had no duties
involving manual labor, and had no special difficulties in acquiring
an education. After a preparatory course of study in the Hopkins
Grammar School, in New Haven, he entered Yale, from which insti-
tution he was graduated in 1876. Though he was far from being a
recluse, he was a scrupulous student throughout his college course.
He took several important prizes along widely different lines and was
graduated at the head of his class. His post-graduate course of study
was begun at Yale, where he spent one year, and was continued at the
University of Berlin where he remained for two years. His special
studies in this course were history and political science.

The active work of life was begun in 1879 as a tutor at Yale,
which position he held until 1883, in which year he was appointed
lecturer. He served in this capacity for three years. From 1886 to
1899 he was professor of political science. At a meeting of the
corporation on May 25th, 1899, he was elected, and on the 18th of the
following October he was inaugurated president of the university.
For a time in the eighties, he was editor of the Railroad Gazette, and
from 1885 to 1887 he was the State Labor Commissioner for Con-
necticut, in which capacity he rendered efficient service, which, with
the two volumes of his official reports, gave him a high standing as
an authority on matters affecting the rights and interests of em-
ployers and employees.

At a somewhat earlier date he had commenced a careful study
of the history of railroads and of the problems connected with their
administration. The results of this exhaustive study were embodied
in a book on "Eailroad Transportation, Its History and Its Laws,"
which was not only accepted as the standard work of its class in the
United States, but which has also been translated into several foreign
languages. His opinion upon important phases of the railroad ques-
tion was considered so valuable that he was examined as an expert by
the United States Senate Committee, which, under the leadership
of Senator Cullom, drafted the Inter-State Commerce Law.

In addition to his regular duties at Yale, Mr. Hadley served for
two years, 1891-93, in place of Professor Sumner, who was abroad
at the time, as professor of political and social science in the academic


department. For many years he has done much to train students in
public speaking and to encourage them to engage in debates. He has
lectured at Harvard and other educational institutions, has made
addresses at important public meetings, and has written largely on
railroads, finance, and political economy for cyclopedias and leading
magazines and newspapers. In addition to the work already named
he is the author of "Economics" (1896), which has been adopted
as a text-book in several of our higher educational institutions;
"The Education of the American Citizen," (1901) ; and "Freedom
and Responsibility," (1903). He is not only a forceful writer and
lecturer, but also an earnest and entertaining after-dinner speaker,

Mr. Hadley was married, June 30, 1891, to Helen Harrison
Morris, daughter of former Governor Luzon B. Morris, of Connecti-
cut, and a graduate of Vassar College. They have had three children,
of whom all were living in 1904. Mr. Hadley has received the degree
of LL.D. from Yale, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, and other institutions
in the United States, and has also received foreign honors. He is a
member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and of the
Century and University Clubs of New York. In politics he is a lib-
eral Republican, though he believes in free trade, and he sometimes
acts independently of his party. His religious aflfiliations are with
the Congregational Church.

He has never given special attention to systems of physical
culture, though he plays lawn tennis, golf, and other outdoor games,
and he greatly enjoys mountain climbing. In the choice of a pro-
fession he was left free to follow his own inclination. The first
strong impulse to strive for the prizes of life he traces to a " com-
bination of ambition with the need of making a living." The
influence of his mother was very strong upon both his intellectual and
spiritual life. Among certain powerful aids and means in his efforts
to succeed, he mentions those of home and private study as the most
important, and contact with men in active life as coming next in
effectiveness. Of the books which have proved the most helpful, he
names the Bible, Shakespeare, and Dante, and afterwards Goethe.

In writing and in teaching, President Hadley lays greater stress
upon the importance of a " higher standard of industrial and political
ethics " than has been somewhat generally accepted in the past. The
value which he places upon patient endurance, as a means to the


attainment of the highest success, is indicated by the following quota-
tion from an address to the students at Yale : " The achievement
which comes through trial and failure is nobler in quality than that
which seems to come of itself. Without patience we may have indi-
vidual deeds of great splendor, but they stand as something separate
from the doer. With patience, the deeds become so inwrought into
the character of the man that his success or failure in externals is
a small thing, as compared with that success which he has achieved
in himself. He is a leader to be loved and trusted, as well as to be
admired and followed." In language equally clear he states, in the
same address, the importance of helpfulness and self-sacrifice on the
part of those who desire to be leaders of others and to obtain the
highest good for themselves : " Eemember that the great achieve-
ments of history are those which have been worked out with others
and for others, and that this cooperation can only be obtained at the
price of patient waiting. Remember that real leadership belongs
to the man who can thus patiently feel the needs and limitations of
other men, and who has that power of self-renunciation which alone
will enable him to compass this result. And finally, remember that,
however much you may be able to dazzle the multitude or lead the
multitude, the respect of your own conscience, under God, is the one
enduring possession."


YALE spirit," "Yale democracy," "the Yale chance for every
man" are phrases often heard. They represent the desire
to express a certain atmosphere, which is inexpressible in
words. Its explanation is no easier than would be the explanation
of the composite of the attributes of a given number of noble men.
But those of the past thirty years who have enjoyed the privilege of
living under the influence of that atmosphere are quick to attest
the important contribution toward the total result, made in his
unpretentious way, by the present dean of the college faculty, Pro-
fessor Henry Parks Wright. He has been these many years the
exemplar of that patience, gentleness, and fatherly kindness — firm
but always just — which have been to students as the very love of
Alma Mater herself for them, which have held them true to their
course and which have welded bands of affection never to be broken.
Dean Wright is of Puritan descent. The first of his name in
America was Samuel Wright, who came from London and settled
in Springfield, Massachusetts, where we find his name as deacon
of the church in 1639 — an honor of high degree in those days, from
ecclesiastic or civic standpoint. But a family that is devout can
also be militant, as evidenced in this family as early as King Philip's
Indian War, when Lieutenant Samuel Wright went forth to battle
and gave up his life at Deerfield, on September 2nd, 1675. John
Crawford, another ancestor, was a captain in command of a company
in the Continental army at Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga, in

The professor was born November 30th, 1839. His father was
Parks Wright, living in Winchester, Cheshire County, New Hamp-
shire, following the business of carpenter and builder. He was a
man of energy and thrift, fond of work and systematic and inventive,
with a mind seeking to discover and develop new paths of useful-
ness. Eelief Willard Wooley was the professor's mother. Both
parents died while he was quite young, his father when he was only


six weeks old, and his mother three years later. Then he went
to Hinsdale, New Hampshire, to be brought up by his grandmother,
Mrs. Hannah (Crawford) Woolley, whose influence upon his char-
acter and habits was deep and lasting. After the death of her hus-
band, in 1844, she removed to Oakham, Massachusetts, her native

The boy was fond of his books, and he read through with
care nearly all the volumes which the small town library contained.
In the schools of Oakham he received an excellent training in the
English branches, including higher arithmetic and algebra, and was
taught some geometry and Latin. From these schools many had
gone forth to the academies to fit for college, and though without
means he was encouraged by his teachers to hope that he might be
able to do the same. During the vacations, which sometimes nearly
equalled in length the parts of the year devoted to study, he earned
money by working in a boot shop, and in the wire works factory of
S. & W. Lincoln. At the age of seventeen, in a little unpainted
schoolhouse in the southwest corner of the town, he began what, after

Online LibraryNorris Galpin OsbornMen of mark in Connecticut; ideals of American life told in biographies and autobiographies of eminent living Americans (Volume 1) → online text (page 5 of 30)