North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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and "Cause and Prevention of Disease." In the Advanced Lessons
your attention is called to Part II. "The Care of the Body" and the
"Preservation of Health," in which are treated in a most excellent
way such subjects as "Diet," "Cleanliness," "Clothing," "Exercises,"
"Ventilation." "General Sanitation," "Contagious Diseases," "Disin-
fection," "Injuries," "Poisons," etc.

4. These books contain valuable condensed reviews, being superior
in this respect to any except Overton. See Essential Lessons, pages
16, 67, 84, 124. Having led up to the facts in an interesting way,
they are restated with the utmost brevity.

5. The questions at the end of the Essential Lessons for reviews
and examinations, and the practical questions and questions for re-
view interspersed throughout the Advanced Lessons are saner, more
useful, and more suggestive than those of any other books submitted
on this subject.

6. Technical terms are avoided except when clearly necessary.

7. In the higher book, a very good selection of practical experi-
ments is added near the end of the book.

Statements in these books that are not entirely correct:

In the Essential Lessons, page 173, and in Advanced Lessons, page
358, all contagious diseases are referred to as caused by germs. This
has not yet been proved for all contagious diseases.

On page 360, yeast is referred to under bacteria.

On page 317, malaria is referred to the wrong cause. This is true
also of all the books that refer to the cause of malaria.

Chapter XIX of Advanced Lessons is largely irrelevant, but less
objectionable than most of the discussions of this subject. The same
criticism is made of the Essential Lessons, pages 95-104.

But after giving full weight to all of these objections, which have
been faithfully detailed for your examination, these books commend
themselves to our judgment as being superior to any others submit-



44 Biennial Report of the

ted, and well adapted to the public schools, having, in fact, fewer
errors and less irrelevant matter than any others deemed worthy of
your consideration.

The print, the binding, the general attractiveness of the books, the
paper, etc., commend them. They are equal to the best in these
respects.

Steele's Hygienic Physiology, A bridged— American Book Co.

Hutchison's Physiology and Hygiene — Maynard, Merrill & Co.

We recommend these as our second choice, not because they com-
mend themselves to us by any special excellences, but because they
have fewer errors than those submitted which are at all worthy of
your consideration.

Steele's Hygienic Physiology is a fair average in style, and is gen-
erally temperate in statements about alcohol and tobacco. It con-
tains practical suggestions about disease, the sick-room, disinfectants
and emergencies; but these are in fine print, very limited and of
less value than those of the Baldwin's Essential Lessons. The re-
views in Steele's are more mechanical and far less informing than
those of our first choice. Of the two books, it is believed, after a
careful comparison, that the Essential Lessons contains a larger
amount of information of a more practical and useful kind than
Steele's Physiology, and yet treated in such a manner as to be more
easily learned. Steele has a number of experiments that commend
it. Among these, however, are many that are poorly adapted to our
schools.

While its chief faults are those of omissions, it is not free from
errors, e. g., page 98, glycogen is said to be stored up in the liver and
the muscles. That the muscles store up glycogen is a pure assump-
tion and misleading. The print is not so good as Baldwin's; the
paper and the mechanical work are fairly good.

Hutchison's Physiology and Hygiene is a fair average throughout,
but is far inferior in teachableness and practical value for health
and sanitation than the Baldwin's Advanced Lessons. The print is
good, but too much small type; the book is fairly attractive in ap-
pearance; the paper is good, but not very strongly bound.

Overton's Primary Applied Physiology — American Book Co.

Overton's Intermediate Applied Physiology — American Book Co.

These are superior to any books submitted on this subject in in-
terest and teachableness; are almost equal to any in practical value
for personal and public hygiene and sanitation, and contain excellent
summaries. The objection is that they contain more serious inaccu-
racies, e. g., Intermediate Applied Physiology, pages 24, 52 and 90,
alcohol and sugar are said to be oxidized in the liver. If these be
partially oxidized in the liver, it is certain that they are not wholly



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 45

oxidized there. On pages 69, 75, etc., specious statements occur
about alcohol and taking cold. These, with the exception of errors,
would make a most excellent series for the public schools.

The printing, paper, binding and general mechanical qualities
rank with Baldwin's Series, and except for the errors pointed out
above, this series would rank with Baldwin, and be far superior to
our second choice.

Beginner's Physiology, by Cutter — Lippincott Co.

Intermediate Physiology, by Cutter — Lippincott Co.

Comprehensive Physiology, by Cutter — Lippincott Co.

The Beginner's and Intermediate books are considered unteach-
able, too fragmentary, and are, therefore, not recommended. The
Comprehensive Physiology has many excellent qualities, but is out of
date, e. g., on page 110 it is stated that the germs of typhoid, typhus
and yellow fevers and cholera have not yet been isolated; and, on
page 221, that tetanus, or lockjaw, is due to some irritant or drug.

A Primer of Health, by Stowell — Silver, Burdett & Co.

A Healthy Body, by Stoivell — Silver, Burdett & Co.

The Essentials of Health, by Stowell — Silver, Burdett & Co.

These do not, in our estimation, equal those recommended in teach-
ableness, in style, or in subject-matter. A Healthy Body begins
with 20 pages on alcohol, etc., before it mentions the subject of physi-
ology at all.

Our Wonderful Bodies, First and Second Books, by Hutchison,
Maynard, Merrill & Co., and Johnson's Physical Culture, are not con-
sidered worthy of your attention.

My preference is Steele's, but I sign this report with the sub-com-
mission to be in agreement. — (J. C. ^.)

C. G. Vardell. John C. Scarborough.

J. Y. Joyner. Jas. A. Butler.

J. D. Hodges. C. C. Wright.

R. L. Flowers. W. L. Carmichael.

J. I. Foust.



CIVIL GOVERNMENT.

We recommend Peterman's Elements of Civil Government, pub-
lished by the American Book Company, as our first choice, for the
following reasons:

The book begins at home, starting with the "Family," the first
form of government with which the child comes in contact. As the
pupil's acquaintance with rightful authority increases, the school,



46 Biennial Report of the

the civil district, the township, the country, the State, and the United
States, are taken up successively. The introduction is a valuable
feature of the book, as the suggestions here made to the teachers
would enable them to successfully tea<<i this subject, even though
they had never given any special attention to this brancn of study.

On the whole. Peterman's Civil Government is the most interesting
and the most teachable book on the subject. We recommend, how-
ever, that in case Peterman's is adopted, the book should be revised
so far as to bring it up to date — changes in North Carolina State
Constitution, etc.

We recommend Finger's Civil Government, published by the Uni-
versity Publishing Company, as our second choice, but we do not
deem it so well suited to our public schools. The boiok deals more
largely with the State and local government in North Carolina; but
owing to the numerous changes in our State laws since the publica-
tion of the book, there are many errors throughout the entire work
to which we would call your attention.

If this book should be adopted it would be necessary for those
errors to be corrected, and as they are incorporated in the body of the
book, it would almost necessitate the making over of the entire book.

As to Thorpe's Civil Government, published by Eldridge & Bro.,
and Schwin and Stevenson's Civil Government, published by the Lip-
pincott Co., they are unsuited to our schools.

All the books mentioned are fairly well bound, golod type, on good
paper.

C. G. Vardell. J. Y. Joyner.

Jas. A. Butler. J. D. Hodges.

W. L. Carmichael. R. L. Flowers.

J. L. Kesler. John C. Scarborough.

C. C. Wright. J. I. Foust.



REPORT ON AGRICULTURE.

We do not find among the books submitted on this subject any one
that is satisfactory; but of those submitted the Elementary Princi-
ples of Agriculture, by Lupton, is considered superior to the Ele-
ments of Agriculture, by McBryde.

The manuscript submitted, Elements of Agriculture and Industrial
Lessons, by Severs, is a child's book and is not deemed worthy of
your consideration.

The Elements of Agriculture, by McBryde. published by B. F.
Johnson & Co., is poorly written, contains many incorrect statements
and much irrelevant matter which would seriously affect its useful-
ness, and would probably bring scientific agriculture into disrepute
in the country districts.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 47

The Elementary Principles of Scientific Agriculture, by Lupton,
published by the American Book Company, is well written; is, in fact,
a little classic, with the exception that it is somewhat out of date,
having been published in 1880, and, on page 66, and in paragraph 147,
says that not one atom of nitrogen is contributed by the air directly
to the growth of plants. This is a serious mistake, since we now
know that certain bacteria in the tubercles on the roots of peas,
clover and other leguminous plants use the nitrogen directly from
the air and contribute much to the fertility of the soil. With this
exception the book can be highly commended as interesting and in-
structive.

We desire, however, a better book than either of these, and call
your attention to the fact that several good books are published on
this subject which would probably do good service in the public
schools. We make no recommendation.

J. Y. JOYNER. J. I. POUST.

Jas. A. Butler. John C. Scarborough.

W. L. Carmichael. C. G. Vardell.

C. C. Wright. . J. L. Kesler.

R. L. Flowers. J. D. Hodges.



PEDAGOGY.

Page's Theory and Practice — American Book Company.

This is a good helpful book for our teachers. The enthusiasm of
the author will inspire the reader. We recommend it for adoption as
the required book on this subject.

Waymarks for Teachers — Silver, Burdett & Co.

The book is filled with practical suggestions on the teaching of the
different subjects in our common school course. By careful study
and adaptation of these directions to the peculiar conditions of each
school much better instruction must result. We feel tnat the book
should be placed in the hands of every teacher, and hence we recom-
mend that it be put upon the list, not as required, but as supple-
mentary reading for teachers.

Methods of Instruction — Lippincott.

This book will give the teacher a broader view of the subject of
education than either of the above books. We believe it, with the
Waymarks for Teachers, snould be placed on the list as supple-
mentary reading for teachers.

School Economy — Lippincott.

Principles and Methods of Teaching, by Boyer — Lippincott.



4S Biennial Report of the

Neither of the two above books is suited to our teachers, and we
recommend accordingly.

J. Y. Joyner. K. L. Flowers.

Jas. A. Butler. J- D. Hodges.

W. L. Carmichael. C. C. Wright.

J. I. Foust. John C. Scarborough.

C. G. Vardell. J. L. Kesler.

Not having a certified list of all the books submitted to the sub-
commission when the reports were adopted, it is possible that the
names of a few books may have been accidentally omitted from the
large list of books reported as undesirable, but all were examined and
passed upon, and, if the name of any book is omitted it belongs in
this class.

No books on subjects not required in the public schools were ex-
amined. J- Y. Joyner,
J. L. Kesler, Chairman.
secretary.






Superintendent of Public Instruction. 49



LIST AND PRICES OF BOOKS ADOPTED FOR USE

IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS FOR FIVE YEARS FROM

JULY I, 190!.

The Text-Book Sub-Commission made tlieir recommenda-
tions of books May 1, and on June 3, 1901. The following
text-books were adopted by the Text-Book Commission, com-
posed of the State officers:

ORTHOGRAPHY.— Harrington's Spelling.

Book 1— Exchange price, .05; contract price, .10.
Book 2 — Exchange price, .05; contract price, .10.
Complete — Exchange price, .07%; contract price, .15.
American Book Company, 100 Washington Square, New York.

DEFINING.

Webster's Handy Dictionary — Exchange price, .07%; contract
price, .15.

Webster's Primary Dictionary — Exchange price, .24; contract
price, .48.

Webster's Common School Dictionary — Exchange price, .36; con-
tract price, .72.

American Book Company, New York.

READING. — Holmes' Readers.

First (boards) — Exchange price, .06%; contract price, .13.
Second (boards) — Exchange price, .09; contract price, .18.
Third (boards) — Exchange price, .12; contract price, .24.
Fourth (boards) — Exchange price, .15; contract price, .35.
Second (cloth) — Exchange price, .11; contract price, .22.
Third (cloth) — Exchange price, .14; contract price, .28.
Fourth (cloth) — Exchange price, .17%; contract price, .35.
Fifth (cloth) — Exchange price, .21; contract price, .42.
University Publishing Company, 27 and 29 W. 23d St., New York.

WRITING.

Natural System of Vertical Writing — Six numbers, 6 cents each.
D. C. Heath & Co., 225 4th Avenue, New York.
Smithdeal's Slant Writing Books — Six numbers, 5 cents each.
B. F. Johnson Publishing Company, Richmond, Va.

ARITHMETICS.

Colaw & Ellwood's Primary School Arithmetic (boards) — Ex-
change price, .11; contract price, .22.
Colaw & Ellwood's Primary Schcol Arithmetic (cloth) — E?:
change price, .12; contract, .24.
4



50 Biennial, Report of the

Colaw & Ellwood's Advanced School Arithmetic (boards) —Ex-
change price, .22%; contract price, .45.
Colaw & Ellwood's Advanced School Arithmetic (cloth) — Ex-
change price, .23; contract price, .46.
B. F. Johnson Publishing Company, Richmond, Va.
Milne's Mental Arithmetic — Exchange price, .12%; contract

price, .25.
American Book Company, New York.
GEOGRAPHY.

Maury's Elementary (boards) — Exchange price, .20; contract

price, .40.
Maury's Elementary (cloth) — Exchange price, .20; contract

price, .40.
Maury's Manual (boards) — Exchange price, .42%; contract

price, .85.

Maury's Manual (cloth) — Exchange price, .44; contract price, .88.
Maury's Physical (cloth) — Exchange price, .45; contract price,

.90.
University Publishing Company, New York.
GRAMMAR.

A Modern English Grammar (Beuhler) — Exchange price, .25;

contract price, .50.
Newson & Co., 15 East 17th Street, New York.
LANGUAGE LESSONS.

Hyde's Two-Book Course in English — Book I — Exchange price,

.11; contract price, .22.
D. C. Heath & Co., New York.
HISTORY OF UNITED STATES.— Hansell's.

A Higher History of the United States — Exchange price, .35;

contract price, .70.
A School History of the United States — Exchange price, .20;

contract price, .40.
University Publishing Company, New York.
PHYSIOLOGY.

Steele's Hygienic Physiology — Exchange price, .22%; contact

price, .45.
Overton's Primary Physiology — Exchange price, .12%; contract

price, .25.
American Book Company, New York.
Johnson's Physical Culture — Exchange price, .12%; contract

price, .25.
B. F. Johnson Publishing Company.
History of the Negro Race — Exchange price, .20; contract

price, .40.
A. Williams & Co., Raleigh, N. C.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 51

DRAWING.

Normal Course in Drawing— 15 Numbers. 1 to 3. at .08: 4 to 9, at
.15 each.

PEDAGOGY.

Waymarks for Teachers, $1.00.

Silver, Burdett & Co., 29-33 East 19th St., New York.

Note.— No text-books on North Carolina History, Civil Govern-
ment, nor on Agriculture have yet been adopted. Due notice will be
given whenever these adoptions are made.



52 Biennial Report of the

OFFICIAL CIRCULARS AND RULINGS ABOUT
THE BOOKS ADOPTED.

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction.

Raleigh, August 1, 1901.

To County Board of Education and Superintendent of Schools:

In compliance with Section 15, Text-B,ook Law, ratified February S>
1901, I hereby notify you that the books named in enclosed circular
have been adopted by the State Text-Book Commission to be used in
the public schools of North Carolina ior five years, beginning July
1, 1901. These books are to be used as text-books to the exclusion of
all others in all the public free schools in the State.

The law requires that the publishers locate one or more, not ex-
ceeding six, depositories or agencies in every county. You will see
that these agencies are established as conveniently for the people as
possible; one must be at the county seat. It is important, and will
facilitate the convenience of the people, if all the publishers make
arrangements for the same merchant to handle the books on the
public schools list in whatever place a depository is located. The
County Superintendents are directed to inform me of the names of
the dealers that handle books at the county seats.

The law requires that the contract price of every book shall be
stamped on the back, and the book must not be sold to the children
at any greater price than the contract price. Your attention is called
to the latter part of Section 10 of the Text-Book Law.

Acting upon the advice of the Attorney-General, the Text-Book
Commission made no supplementary adoptions. It will be observed
that Drawing is now made one of the regular branches to be taught
in the public schools, and the teachers hereafter will be examined on
that subject as well as on the ,other studies. No books on North
Carolina History, nor on Agriculture, nor on Civil Government have
yet been adopted, but as soon as suitable books are offered on these
subjects, they will be put on the public school list.

The County Boards are advised to have the list of books with the
prices printed on card-board and posted in every public school-house.

Tne law allows one year, from July 1, 1901, for exchanges to be
made in books.

I expect the hearty co-operation of all schaol officers and teachers
in carrying out the Text-Book Law. All failures, either on the part
of publishers or dealers, to carry out the provisions of the law should
be promptly reported.

Yiours truly, T. F. Toon,

Superintendent Public Instruction.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 53

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, August 29, 1901.

To School Officers and all Others Concerned:

Having received numerous inquiries relative to the exchange of
books, and finding that many erroneous opinions prevail about the
law, I submitted the question of exchange of books to the Attorney-
General, and, in reply to my request, he furnished the following
opinion of the law for the information and guidance of school officers
and the patrons of the public schools. General Gilmer says:

"section 10 of said act provides: 'That the contractor or con-
tractors shall take up school books now in use in this State and re-
ceive the same in exchange of new books, allowing a price for such
old books not less than fifty per cent of the contract price of the
new books.'

"Paragraph 5 of the contract entered into between the State of
North Carolina and the book contractors is as follows: That the
said party of the second part further covenants and agrees to supply
each and all of the books or publications embraced in this contract at
the exchange price or prices herein named, in those cases where there
is offered in part payment an old book which was in use in the State
of North Carolina on the 8th day of February, 1901, or which was in
use on July 1, 1901, or which was in use between said dates, and
which is of like grade and upon the same subjects as the one for
which it is taken in part payment, provided the time in which old
books heretofore in use in the State of North Carolina can be ex-
changed for new books, be limited to July 1st, A. D. 1902. That the
Text-Book Law, which is made a part of the contract, declares that
the exchangeable books shall be 'books now in use in this State,' the
date February 8, 1901, mentioned in the contract, being the date of
the ratification of the act. In your letter you say, 'If only the pupils
of schools taught since February 1, 1901, are allowed to exchange,
then the exchange of books would benefit but a small part of the
public school patrons,' alluding to the date mentioned in this letter
of Mr. Brewer. According to my construction of the law and the
contract made with the contractors, the clause 'school books now in
use in this State' determines what books can be exchanged, and these
words, as used in the act, mean those books taught in previous ses-
sions of the school and such Hooks as would be used by patrons in
the schools of this State if the General Assembly had not enacted the
present law providing for the adoption of new books.

"I do not think the certificate, a copy of which you enclose, and
prepared by the contractor, to be signed by the teacher of the public
• school, and undertaking to define the conditions upon which an ex-
change of books can be effected by a public school patron, is author-



54 Biennial Report of the

lzed under the Text-Book Law. The statute does not confer upon the
contractors authority to issue instructions to the managers of school
book depositories, designed as their own interpretation of the condi-
tions under which an exchange of school books can be effected, these
questions being, in my opinion, within the jurisdiction of the State
Text-Book Commission, to be determined in accordance with the law
and the contract entered into with the publishers. Section 14 of the
Text-Book Law declares : 'That the said Commission may, from time
to time, make any necessary regulations not contrary to the pro-
visions of this act to secure the prompt distribution of the books
herein provided for, and the prompt and faithful performance of all
contracts,' and for this purpose it is expressly provided in the said
act that the Text-Book Commission shall maintain its organization
during the five years, which is the period fixed for the expiration of
all contracts entered into between the State and the book publishers.
"In my opinion the execution of the law with reference to the ex-
change of school books should not be attended by any difficulty. The
law clearly contemplates that any book of a certain grade and on a
certain subject which has been used in the public schools, and which
is in a condition to be used, and would have been used but for the
passage of the Text-Book Law, can be exchanged for a book of a simi-
lar grade and on a similar subject at the exchange price provided for
in the contract absolutely without any conditions imposed by the
contractors."

Very respectfully, Robert D. Gilmer,

Attorney-General.

From the above opinion of the Attorney-General, I decide that all
usable books that have been adopted in the counties heretofore are
exchangeable.

Yours truly, ' T. P. Toon,

Superintendent Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, September 19, 1901.

To County Superintendents :

So many complaints are being made that depositories have not yet
been established conveniently for the people to get books, it is J there-
fore, deemed proper that you call attention to the Text-Bdok Law on
this matter, and inform the patrons of public schools that whenever
publishers do not supply books by convenient depositories, they can
order them directly from the publishers and get the books delivered
to them at the same price they could from a depository. The law



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 55

says: "Parties living in the country where no agency has been
established, or no arrangements made for distribution, may order the
same from one of the contractors (publishers), and it shall be the
duty of the contractor, or contractors, to deliver any book, or books,
so ordered, to the person ordering, to his post-office address, freight,
express, postage, or other charges prepaid, at the retail contract



Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 11 of 46)