North Carolina. Dept. of Public Instruction.

Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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price: Provided, the price of the book, or books, so ordered shall be
paid in advance. All books shall be sold to the consumer at the re-
tail contract price."

T. F. Toon,
Superintendent Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, October 9, 1901.
To County Superintendents :

I. Books adopted by the State on the following branches, Reading
(except First Book), Geography, Grammar, Language Lessons, Arith-
metic, History, Physiology and Pedagogy, can be purchased in cloth,
as well as boards. Owing to the small difference in price, and greater
durability, it is economy to purchase the cloth-bound books.

Publishers will be required to keep books both in cloth and board
binding on hand in depositories, that purchasers may not be forced
to take boards when cloth is desired.

II. A report of all schools in your county which celebrate North
Carolina Day is requested.

III. If your county has not already established six Rural School
Libraries, North Carolina Day furnishes an opportune occasion to
secure your proportion of the State appropriation to Rural School
Libraries, and enable us to ask for increased amount from the next
Legislature. At this time you will have an audience of the best peo-
ple of the 1 oommunity, who will not permit your county to lag in in-
terest in these agencies for better schools and general improvement.

T. F. Toon,
Superintendent Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,
Raleigh, March 21, 1902.
To County Superintendents :

I enclose a printed list of books adopted for use in the public
schools by the State Text-Book Commission and of prices and ex-



56 Biennial Report oe the

change prices of these books. I desire to call attention to the fact
that the use of these books in the public schools will be compulsory,
under the law, after July 1, 1902, and that, if old books now in use
are not exchanged before that time, the exchange prices, according to
the contract entered into with the publishers by the State Text-Book
Commission, can not be taken advantage of by patrons of the public
schools. I wish to urge you, therefore, to send written official notice
to all the teachers in your county urging them to notify all children
and patrons of their schools, and to give notice to all the people of
your county through your county paper urging them to take ad-
vantage of these exchange prices before July 1, 1902. If the patrons
of the public schools fail to avail themselves of these low exchange
prices before the beginning of the next school year, they will find
themselves under the hard necessity of being compelled to buy new
books at the full price, and their old books will be left as useless
property on their hands. This would mean, of course, a great loss to
the people of the State and a decided gain to the publishers. Any
book that has been used or could have been used by any child in the
public schools of North Carolina before July 1, 1902, may be ex-
changed for a new book of like grade upon the same subject at the
price quoted.

I send you under separate cover 300 copies of this letter. Send a
copy to every teacher and school committeeman.

Very truly yours, J. Y. Joyner,

Superintendent of Public Instruction.



MISCELLANEOUS RULINGS AND LETTERS.

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, June 18. 1901.

To County Boards of Education:

Having been informed that agents are canvassing the various
counties of the State selling worthless school supplies and furniture,
I suggest to the County Boards of Education to instruct the County
Superintendent to endorse no claim for such goods unless the sale is
authorized by your board, in writing, to committeemen, samples of
the goods offered having been examined and approved by your board
in regular session. T. F. Toon,

Superintendent Public Instruction.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 57

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, May 15, 1901.
To County Superintendent :

I send you "A Call for Volunteer Teachers." Please urge this mat-
ter and secure as many volunteer teachers as you can for work in
your county, or for other counties, as possible. Please report their
names, post-offices, and whether they will teach in your own or prefer
to be assigned to other sections.

We have a great work before us, and the great needs of our chil-
dren make urgent demands upon all of our people. When an enemy
threatens our country, brave men readily offer their services, not
thinking of the small pay soldiers receive, but our country has never
falied to show due appreciation of the sacrifices of patriotic men,
after the battle is over and the victory gained.

Ignorance is a great menace to our material and civil prosperity,
and I verily believe that the noble women and men tnat help in this
hour of need will be liberally rewarded in some way in the future.
The plan, it seems to me, is to place these teachers in the rural dis-
tricts where schools are most needed. Surely the people will be glad
to furnish these volunteer teachers board, if the teachers are giving
them their time and services for nothing.

Please let me hear from you promptly what you can do, or may
have done, in this matter.

Yours truly, T. P. Toon,

Superintendent of Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh, June 21, 1901.
To County Boards of Education :

The new school law requires that on the 2d Monday of July your
board shall elect a County Superintendent of Schools. It would
seem needless for me to call your attention to the importance of this
election; but the success of the public schools rests largely upon
your action The Superintendent should be the leading factor in the
administration of the law. From him you will get most of the in-
formation about how the schools are being conducted in your county.
It, therefore, becomes of the highest importance that you secure for
this office the services of one of your best teachers. The work under
the new law will require the entire time of the Superintendent while
the schools are in session. We need in every county in the State a
teacher for Superintendent who has the confidence of the teachers in
his county — a man that is a leader in educational thought and work



58 Biennial Report of the

■ — a man that is competent to teach teachers how to teach, a man that
will inspire and arouse the people to the importance of education at
this time. The County Superintendent is required to conduct educa-
tional meetings in every township. He should he a good talker, full
of enthusiasm and well posted in the best methods of teaching. He
should be a man of such business judgment and courage as to see
that all the money that belongs to the School Fund shall go into the
treasury, and with your assistance know that it is being wisely and
economically spent for the children.

You will see that the powers and duties of the County Boards are
greatly enlarged. It is important that you require your Superin-
tendent to visit the schools, and encourage him in every way you
can. The work you have before you demands your best thought and
most patriotic devotion. There never has been a time when so much
was demanded of school officers as now. It is hoped that you will
not only be careful in selecting a suitable man for Superintendent,
but that you will also appoint the best men you can find in your
county for committeemen.

Earnestly beseeching your co-operation in every effort to encourage
and stimulate our people in the great cause of popular education,
I am your obedient servant, T. F. Toon,

Superintendent of Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

Raleigh.

To County Superintendent :

Dear Sir: — I send you a suggested programme for the celebration
of North Carolina Day, October 14th. This is not to displace your
own arrangement or exercises planned, but merely for use if desired.

You will endeavor to interest as many of your schools as possible
and assist by a prompt distribution of this, or by means of your own
suggestion.

Where it is impracticable to celebrate North Carolina Day on the
14th, the day prescribed by law, it is suggested Dy the State Literary
and Historical Association that the celebration be held on Friday
after Thanksgiving Day, as there is nothing in the law which forbids
postponement for convenience. The local authorities in each case
may concult their own pleasure in the matter.

Very truly yours, T. F. Toox. .

Superintendent Public Instruction.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 50

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction.

Raleigh, September 12, 1901.
To County Boards of Education :

Among the enlarged powers of the County Boards of Education is
the authority of building and repairing public school-houses. Clearly
the intention of the law is that whenever the repairs or the building
Of new houses costs over $25.00, the County Boards should direct the
same and pay out of the general county school fund. Section 13 of
the School Law.

Whenever the repairs or other necessary expenses cost $25.00 and
less, the District Committee has charge and pays out of the district
fund. Section 21.

It is better for the County Boards to direct the building of houses
and pay out of the general fund, for the reason it will not stop the
district school two or three years, as in the past, when a school-house
had to be built. Then, in most instance?, the County Boards will
have better houses erected than was possible when only the district
fund could be used for building.

FINES AND PENALTIES.

The Supreme Court has decided that, according to the Constitution.
all fines and penalties imposed by any Court, whether Superior, Mag-
istrate or Mayor, belong to the public school fund. These fines, for
years, except from towns and cities, have been paid over to the
proper authorities for the school fund. In very few instances have
the fines from Mayors' Courts been turned over to the county school
fund.

You are, therefore, directed to have your County Superintendent
to examine the dockets of the Mayors of all incorporated towns and
cities in your county, and ascertain the amount of fines and penalties
for the last three years. The Supreme Court decides that the fines
can be collected for the schools for three years prior to the demand.
The town authorities should turn over this money, without any con-
tention, to the County Treasurers, for it is both a constitutional and
statutory requirement. But in case they refuse to do so, your board
should proceed to bring suit at once, according to Sections 13 and 5
of School Law, to recover what is due the school fund from the fines,
etc. This money belongs to the children, and they are entitled to it.
While it may seem a hardship and in some instances difficult for the
towns to pay over these fines for three years back, yet it is the la":.
and all officers have sworn to obey and execute the law.

T. F. Toon.
Superintendent of Public Instruction.



60 Biennial Report or the

Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,
Raleigh. November 22, 1901

To the County Board of Education:

I. By chapter -543, Laws of 1901, the Legislature appropriated one
hundred thousand dollars to be paid annually out of the State Treas-
ury for the benefit of public schools, to be distributed per capita on
the first Monday in January. Warrants for 15 cents per capita of
school census to each county will be sent out during December, 1901.
This will exhaust the first hundred thousand dollars of the appro-
priation.

II. In order to secure information upon which will be based the
distribution of the second hundred thousand apportioned to bring
up the weak districts in the State to the constitutional requirement
of a four months' school, a blank will be sent to each County Board
of Education to fill out as soon as possible after their January meet-
ing. The demands of the law making this appropriation are ex-
plicit, and must be complied with in order that your county may par-
ticipate in the distribution.

The affidavits therein required are vital, and not mere formalities.

T. F. Toon.
Superintendent of Public Instruction.



Office of Supt. Public Instruction.

Raleigh. January 20. 1902.
To County School Officials:

The State Board of Education needs some additional information
before it can intelligently distribute the second hundred thousand
dollars to equalize school terms. It is important that you furnish
the information requested at your very earliest convenience. In the
column, "District Number," in the first blanks sent out, the number
of children should have been given. It is important for the State
Board to know how many months the schools have been taught in
the respective disticts since July 1, 1901, and how much of the ap-
propriation made in July has been paid out in the districts, and how
much is still on hand to the credit of the districts, including the ap-
portionment made at the January meeting. Suppose a district had
apportioned to it in July and January together $85.00; and school
was taught two months before January at $25.00 per month. The
district has had two months' school, and has $35.00 on hand. It is
readily seen that the State would have to supplement the $85.00 by
an appropriation of $15.00 to enable that district to have a four
months' term.



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 61

This effort to aid the weak districts to enable them to have a four
months' term is an experiment, and it is hard for either the County
or State Boards to get the exact facts necessary to act with justice
to the needs of the districts. The county should not give one dis-
trict enough money to run a five months' term, and to another only
enough to have a three months' school, and then ask the State Board
to supply the deficiency for the three months' school. The Boards
may give more money to some districts than others, because one dis-
trict may require a higher-priced teacher than another, yet the terms
of the schools should be equalized.

The object is to have a four months' term in this scholastic year,
and the expectation of the Legislature was that all available funds,
meaning all the taxes, etc., for this year, should be collected, paid
over to the County Treasurers, and apportioned by the Boards, be-
fore it could be determined how much the State would have to ap-
propriate to help the needy districts. In many counties, however,
the Sheriffs are not required to settle before May, and hence the
County Board can only now make an approximate apportionment.
It would not be just to ask the State to help your county when you
have not even made an approximate apportionment of the real or
expected available funds. You should be cautious not to make an
approximate apportionment that might exceed what the Sheriffs will
pay in at their settlements.

This apportionment is made to extend the terms of the schools dur-
ing this school year, and can not be used for any other purpose.

The State will be prepared to help the needy, but the counties
must collect and use their own available funds before they can ex-
pect to get appropriations trom the State. Soon as is this done, and
the State' Board so informed, then the amount necessary to enable
every district in your county to have a four months' school, will be
sent, at least all of the second hundred thousand dollars will be dis-
tributed. It may be found that the amount will not be sufficient;
then it will be prorated as the law directs.

Lay aside every other school duty and make this report as soon as
possible. I regret the necessity of sending blanks the second time,
but the reports sent in do not give all of the necessary information,
so I am authorized by the State Board to require further facts.
Yours truly, T. F. Too.v,

Superintendent of Public Instruction.



62 Biennial Report of the

PEABODY EDUCATION FUND AND PEABODY
SCHOLARSHIPS.

The following circular of information, giving rules and
regulations concerning the Peabody scholarships, was distrib-
uted by Hon. J. L. M. Curry, LL.D., General Agent of the
Peabody Education Fund:

PEABODY SCHOLARSHIPS.

The object of the Peabod." Board m maintaining scholarships ii:
the Peabody College for Teachers is to affect public education in the
South through thoroughly end professionally educated teachers; and
the accomplishment of this purpose implies on the part of teachers
high moral aims; natural aptness to teach; a knowledge of the his-
tory, theory and art of education, and the pursuit of teaching as a
vocation.

These scholarships are distributed by the General Agent of the
Peabody Education Fund; and their award is vested in him, but for
convenience is delegated to the State Superintendents of Education,
in conjunction with the President of the College.

The General Agent reserves the right to change at the end of any
collegiate year the- number or value of scholarships, or to withhold
them entirely.

The present number of scholarships is 192, divided as follows:
Tennessee, 33; Georgia, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia, 18
each; Arkansas, 17; Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Car-
olina, 13 each; West Virginia, 10; Florida, 8.

The holder of a scholarship receives $100 per year — $12.50 per
month for eight months — and railroad fare (which does not include
charges for meals or sleeping-cars) to Nashville, and return home,
by the most direct continuous route. Railroad tickets will, when
practicable and when desired, be supplied to scholarship students,
before leaving home; when this is not done, the railroad fare will be
refunded after arrival at the College.

Scholarships are good for two consecutive years.

Payments to holders of scholarships cover only the time of actual
attendance; return railroad fare will not be paid to those who leave
the College before the end of the year.

Scholarships will be withdrawn for irregular attendance; for fail-
ure to report at the beginning of the year; for unsatisfactory scholar-
ship or conduct; and for failure to pay board bills.

At the close of the collegiate year, the President of the College will
notify State Superintendents of the number of vacancies to be filled



Superintendent of Public Instruction. G3

from their respective States, and furnish a list of non-scholarship
students attending the College who are deemed worthy of appoint-
ment. If these nominations are not acted on within two weeks after
being forwarded, the persons named can be enrolled as scholarship
students.

State Superintendents are expected to determine by competitive ex-
amination the merits of applicants for scholarships; to secure uni-
formity, the questions to be used will be furnished them by the Presi-
dent of the College for distribution to the examiners.

These questions, with specific instructions for use, should be sent
to the examiners in sealed envelopes, which are not to be opened till
the hour for examination.

The most satisfactory results have been obtained by having the
papers, handed in by competitors, graded at the College by a Com-
mittee from the Faculty, appointed by the President.

In the award of scholarships, preference is given, all other things
being equal, to students wno have been in the College one or more
years without scholarships, and have there demonstrated their fit-
ness for teaching.

The qualifications of a competitor for a scholarship are as follows:
The applicant must be not less than seventeen years of age, nor more
than thirty; of irreproachable moral character; in good health; with
no physical defects, or habits which interfere with success in teach-
ing; and must be willing to sign the pledge hereinafter included.

The task of the examiners will be simplified by making a prelimi-
nary examination, as suggested above. Good health is indispensa-
ble. Any candidate who has a chronic affection, such as weak lungs
or weak eyes, should be rejected at once.

The use of tobacco in any form is a disqualification for a scholar-
ship.

If it should appear that a candidate intends to use his scholarship
chiefly as a means of securing an education, or of ultimately prepar-
ing for some profession other than teaching, he should not be al-
lowed to compete.

Persons of indolent temperament, of slovenly habits, or vicious
disposition, should be rejected at once.

When a choice must be made between a young man and a young
woman whose examination papers are of equal merit, the former
should be preferred. This is not intended to discriminate against
women, but it is thought that men will more probably continue the
vocation of teaching.

As fitness for teaching involves other qualities besides proficiency
in studies, scholarships will be withdrawn from students who have
habits or elements of character incompatible with the teacher's office.

In the main, the examinations should be written; but certain intel-
lectual qualities can best be tested in the oral way.



64 Biennial Report of the

The ability to think and reason is of more importance than mere
attainment of facts and rules. General intelligence, brightness,
good breeding, politeness, and pleasant manners should be counted
in a candidate's favor.

The literary qualifications of the applicant for admission will be
proved by examination based upon the following subjects:

I. English.

la) This part of the examination will bs the writing of a para-
graph or two on each of several topics, to be chosen by the appli-
cant from a considerable number — perhaps ten or more — set before
him in the examination paper. The purpose of these paragraph
topics will be to call forth, among other things, the applicant's gen-
eral knowledge and appreciation of the following books:

Addison's The Sir Roger de Coverley Papers.

Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner.

Eliot's Silas Marner.

Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield.

Scott's Ivanhoe.

Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.

Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.

Tennyson's The Princess.

6. This part of -the examination presupposes a thorough study of
the books named, and will be upon the subject-matter of the follow-
ing:

Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America.

Macaulay's Essays on Milton and Addison.

Milton's Minor Poems.

Shakespeare's Macbeth.

These books will furnish the subject-matter for the examinations
for the next four years. No applicant will be accepted in English
whose work is notably deficient in point of spelling, punctuation, and
the use of idioms.

II. United States History.

III. Geography, complete.

IV. Mathematics: a. Arithmetic, complete; 6. College Algebra,
through quadratics; c. Geometry, three books.

V. Latin: Collar and Daniell's First-Year Latin (Ginn & Co.);
Brittain's Introduction to Caesar (American Book Company). Any
real equivalents will be accepted.

Students who have by competitive examination obtained scholar-
ships are exempt from further examination for admission to the
college.

Students taking the competitive examination for a scholarship and
failing to secure it, may enter the college without additional ex-



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 65

amination on production of a certificate from the State Superin-
tendent or Examining Board, showing the grade to be satisfactory.

The scholarships for Tennessee are awarded only on competitive
examination held by the State Superintendent of Instruction, usually
through the Superintendents of the counties composing the Sena-
torial District for which the vacancy exists.

Students' receiving scholarships will be required on registration at
the college to sign this scholarship pledge:

I, , of , was .... years old on the

day of , 190. .. My object in obtaining a scholar-
ship in the Peabody College for Teachers at Nashville, is to qualify
myself for teaching; and for this purpose it is my intention to re-
main in that Institution two years; and I hereby promise to teach,
after I have left it, at least two years, in the public schools of my
State, if I have opportunity. I further promise to attend regularly
and faithfully upon all exercises required, and to conform cheerfully
to the rules which may be prescribed. And should I, for any reason,
fail to teach, as agreed, after graduating, I promise to refund to the
President of the college the amount of money which I have received
from the Peabody Education Fund.

I also promise to report myself as often as once each year to the
State Superintendent of Instruction for my State, either by letter or
in person, for two years.

(Signed)

, 190..

The competitive examinations in all the States for 1902 will be



Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Public InstructionBiennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) → online text (page 12 of 46)