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Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of North Carolina, for the scholastic years ... [serial] (Volume 1900/01-1901/02) online

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Receipts for 1901 1,119,746.17

Receipts for 1902 (including local taxes) 1,484

Census prom Six to Twenty-one Years.

White. Colored. Total.

For 1884 321,561 193,843 515,404

For 1885 330,890 199,237 530,127

For 1886 338,059 209,249 547,309

For 1887 353,481 212,789 566,270

For 1888 363,982 216,837 580,819

For 1889— Not taken.

For 1890 370,144 216,524 586,668

For 1891 380,718 213,859 594,577

For 1892 386,560 211,696 588,256

For 1893 399,753 218,788 618,541

For 1894 389,709 212,191 601,900

For 1895 403,812 217,437 621,249

For 1896 420,809 223,376 634,185

For 1897 ■ 412,143 211,519 623,662

For 1898 415,262 213,218 628,480

For 1899 408,787 263,217 672.004

For 1900 439,431 220,198 659,629

For 1901 448,304 219,677 667,981

•For 1902 454,655 221,958 676,613



Biennial Report of the



For 1884 170,925

For 1885 185,225

For 1886 188,036

For 1887 202,134

For 1888 211,498

For 1889

For 1890 205,844

For 1891 214,908

For 1892 215,919

For 1893 232,560

For 1894 235,486

For 1895 245,413

For 1896 231,059

For 1897 222,252

For 1898 261,223

For 1899 260,217

For 1900 270,447

For 1901 , 290,178

*For 1902 314,871


For 1884 106,316

For 1885 115,092

For 1886 117,121

For 1887 124,653

For 1888 133,427

For 1889

For 1890 134,108

For 1891 120,747

For 1892 133,001

For 1893 142,362

For 1894 149,046

For 1895 136,954

For 1896 137,115

For 1897 110,677

For 1898 144,346

For 1899 140,162

For 1900 142,413

For 1901 172,272

For 1902 185,598











































































*Croatans not included.


Average Length of School Terms — Weeks.

White. Colored.

For 1884 11.50 11.75

For 1885 12 11.75

For 1886 11.75 12

For 1887 12 12

For 1888 12.80 12.30

For 1889

For 1890 11.85 11.81

For 1891 12.14 11.91

For 1892 12.66 12.15

For 1893 12.81 12

For 1894 12.85 12.12

For 1895 12.45 11.83

For 1896 12.42 11.75

For 1897 11.73 10.86

For 1898 14.06 12.79

For 1899 14.06 12.82

For 1900 14.66 13.07

For 1901 15.56 14.49

For 1902 16.45 15.23

Average Salary of White Teachers.

Males. Females.

For 1886 $26.23 $23.77

For 1887 25.10 23.30

For 1888 25.68 22.82

For 1890 25.80 22.95

For 1891 25.03 23.11

For 1892 26.20 25.72

For 1893 26.46 23.37

For 1894 25.53 23.08

For 1895 24.87 22.39

For 1896 24.75 21.64

For 1897 23.21 20.81

For 1898 24.66 22.96

For 1899 26.33 23.65

For* 1900 26.18 23.41

For 1901 26.92 23.87

For 1902 28.60 24.97

Average Salary of Colored Teachers.

Males. Females.

For 1886 $24.69 $20.36

For 1887 24.10 19.60

340 Biennial Report of the

Males. Females

For 1888 22.67 20.45

For 1890 22.72 20.36

For 1891 22.23 18.45

For 1892 23.33 20.14

For 1893 23.33 21.28

For 1894 23.08 19.27

For 1895 23.14 20.91

For 1896 26.70 20.96

For 1897 21.54 18.25

For 1898 21.64 19.85

For 1899 22.53 19.70

For 1900 21.14 19.82

For 1901 22.93 21.20

For 1902 23.09 21.29

Number of Public School-Houses.

1888— For whites 3,779

1888— For colored 1,766

Total in 1888 5,545

1890— For whites 3,973

1890— For colored 1,820

Total in 1890 5,793

1891— For whites 4,034

1891— For colored 1,779

Total in 1891 5,813

1892— For whites 4,168

1892— For colored 1,992

Total in 1892 6,160

1893— For whites 4,271

1893 — For colored (five counties not reporting) 1?942

Total in 1893 6,213

1894— For whites 4,356

1894 — For colored (three counties not reporting) 2,010

Total in 1894 3,366

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 341

1895— For whites 4,372

1895— For colored 2,213

Total for 1895 6,585

1896— For whites 4,875

1896— For colored 2,374

Total for 1896 7,241

1899 — For whites 4,678

1899— For colored 2,108

Total for 1899 6,786

1900— For whites 4,798

1 900 — For colored 2,120

Total for 1900 6,918

i 901— For whites 4,899

1901— For colored 2,183

1901— For Croatans ' 29

Total for 1901 7,111

1902— For whites 5,028

1902 — For colored 2,236

lf'02 — For Croatans '. 29

Total for 1902 7,293

Number of Public Schools Taught.

1888— For whites 4,438

1888 — For colored 2,317

Total in 1888 6,755

1890 — For whites 4,508.

1890 — For colored 2,327

Total in 1890 6,835

1891 — For whites 4,574

1891 — For colored 2,260

Total in 1891 6,834

342 Biennial, Report of the

1892— For whites 4,603

1892— For colored 2,376

Total for 1892 6,979

1893— For whites 4,599

1893— For colored 2,219

Total in 1893 6,818

1894— For whites 4,811

1894 — For colored 2,296

Total in 1894 7,107

1895— For Whites 4,372

1895— For colored 2,213

Total in 1895 6,585

1896— For whites 4,877

1896— For colored 2,374

Total in 1896 7,251

1897 — For whites 4,368

1897 — For colored 2,037

Total in 1897 6,4Ua

1898— For whites 4,279

1898— For colored 2,042

Total in 1898 6,321

1899— For whites 5,172

1899— For colored 2,395

Total in 1899 7,567

1900— For whites 5,047

1900— For colored 2,344

Total in 1900 7,391

1901— For whites 5,411

1901— For colored 2,413

1901 — For Croatans 29

Total in 1901 7.85S

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 343

1902— For whites 5,491

1902 — For colored 2,376

1902— For Croatans 21

Total in 1902 7,888

Number of Districts Reported.

1888— For whites 4,763

1888— For colored 2,031

Total in 1888 6,794

1890— For whites 4,893

1890— For colored 2,289

Total in 1890 7,182

1891— For whites 4,926

1891— For colored 2,302

Total in 1891 7,228

1892— For whites 5,168

1892— For colored 2,387

Total in 1892 7,555

1893 — For whites (four counties not reporting) 4,937

1893 — For colored (four counties not reporting) 2,296

Total in 1893 7,233

1894 — For whites (three counties not reporting) 5,123

1894— For colored (three counties not reporting) 2,424

Total in 1894 7,547

1895— For whites 4,484

1895— For colored 2,290

Total in 1895 6,774

1896 — For whites 5,157

1896— For colored 2,404

Total in 1896 7,561

344 Biennial Report of the

1897— For whites 5,247

1897— For colored 2,540

Total in 1897 7,787

1898— For whites 5,083

1898— For colored 2,403

Total in 1898 7,481

1899 — For whites 5,443

1899— For colored 2,515

Total in 1899 7,958

1900— For whites 5,422

1900 — For colored 2,488

Total in 1900 7,91ft

1901— For whites 5,483

1901— For colored 2,559

1901— For Croatans 22

Total in 1901 8,064

1902— For whites 5,653

1902— For colored 2,441

1902— For Croatans *. 22

Total in 1902 8,115

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 34(
Reports of Colored Norma! Schools for 1902.


Elizabeth City. N. C, .lime 6, 1902.
Prof. J. Y. Joyner, Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C.

Dear Sir: — This is the eleventh annual report of the Elizabeth
City State Normal School. During the first session of this school
sixty-nine (69) students were matriculated, who represented nine
(9) counties. This report will show that there has been consider-
able advancement since the close of the first session.

The session was begun September 2, 1902, and closed May 31, 1902
— 38 weeks of school work, not including the Christmas holidays.
Thorough, practical work characterized the entire school year; there-
tore, satisfactory results were manifest along all lines of work
throughout the year. Many failures in school work are due to lack
ef intelligent application. Industry will conquer in the school-room
as well as in the work-shop.

The Regular Session.

The past session has been one of inspiration and encouragement.
Following the line of instruction given by the State Board of Ex-
aminers for admitting students, we enrolled, during the first week
of school, sixty-one pupils, more than half of them behig eligible to
the second and third-year classes. The whole number of matricu-
lates for the regular session of the Normal Department proper is 178
young men and women, who represent the following territory in
counties: Pasquotank, Bertie, Craven, Camden, Currituck, Chowan,
Dare, Gates, Jones, Martin, Norfolk, Va., Onslow, Perquimans,
Northampton, Princess Ann, Va., Washington, Lenoir, Hertford,
Columbus, Pitt, Hyde, Beaufort, Halifax, Dorchester, Md. — 24. This
makes the largest territorial representation the Normal has ever had.
There were other applicants who were rejected. They did not make
the entrance examination. A large majority of these young men and
women were exceedingly diligent, honest, faithful and upright.

Practice School Department.

The local Board of Managers authorized the reorganization of the
Practice School about the beginning of the session. The number of
children was limited. Thirty-four (34) were admitted. They were
classified as follows: Fourth grade, 19; third grade, 9; second grade,
2. and first grade, 3.

The Senior Class was required to do both practice and observation

346 Biennial Report of the

work in the Practice School, under the supervision of the critic
teacher. The class taught daily, having from one to two periods
during the first term. During the second and third terms, each
member of the class taught about one hour per week. Weekly meet-
ings were held and criticisms made for the benefit of the class. The
class was also required to observe the work done by each other and
to make criticisms. County Superintendents of Schools testify to
the excellent school-room work done by the graduates of this school.

Tuition per mouth was fifty cents. The following is the Treas-
urer's receipt in full:

Received of P. W. Moore, Principal State Normal School, one hun-
dred and five dollars and fifty-eight cents. J. B. Leigh,


The course of study prescribed by the State Board of Examiners
was followed. The average student can complete it in four years,
including a review of the Common School subjects.

Four young men and three young women were awarded diplomas
on Commencement evening, May 30th. The final examination was
prepared by State Board of Examiners.

The Commencement sermon was preached by Rev. C. W. Duke, of
the white Baptist Church of the city. His subject was: "The Rela-
tion of Reading to Character." The discourse was logical, impres-
sive, interesting, comprehensive, practical, inspiring, and of great
value to the graduating class and the student body.

On no occasion during the Commencement were the students aud
the large audience more highly benefited and entertained than when
the Commencement address was so ably and forcefully delivered by
Hon. J. B. Leigh, Treasurer of the Normal. Subject: "The Teacher."
His counsel to the class and the audience was wise, wholesome and

The address before the State Normal School Lyceum was made by
Mr. Jas. F. Pierce, of Windsor, N. C. Subject: "A Plea for Chivalry.''

The annual address was delivered by Rev. L. E. Fairly, pastor of
Antioch Presbyterian Church. Subject: "Right."

Both of the addresses were well prepared and delivered. All were
benefited. The students were encouraged and cheered to high and
noble endeavors.

All the members of the local Board of Managers witnessed the
Commencement exercises, except one, who was sick.

Just before the closing words were made by the Principal, en-
couraging and very helpful remarks were most happily and fittingly
made by Mr. E. F. Lamb, member of the local Board of. Managers.
who, like the other members of the Board, has always exerted his
best influence for the good of the school.

To the great delight of the entire school body, on November 26.

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 347

1901, the school was honored by a party of distinguished educators,
among whom were his Excellency, Governor Charles B. Aycock, Prof.
S. L. Sheep, Hon. J. B. Leigh and Dr. Chas. F. Meserve, President
Shaw University.

The Governor's address was listened to with profound interest and
a proper sense of gratitude for his words of wisdom and encourage-
ment. Appropriate addresses were also made by Professor Sheep
and Mr. Leigh. Dr. Meserve spoke eloquently, emphatically and
entertainingly on "Character." His address was unique.

The Normal building has been enlarged and new desks furnished.
The school continues to grow in usefulness and favor among that
class of persons who possess gratitude. I fully believe that an in-
dustrial department, however limited, would greatly enhance the
present usefulness of the institution. This conclusion has been
drawn from my own observation of student life. Trained cooks and
educated farmers are needed as well as professionally trained teach-
ers, which latter work we shall not relinquish in the least, until you
mark out additional lines.

The moral status of the young negro manhood and womanhood of
this section has been greatly strengthened by the influence of the
Normal. But it will take sufficient time for satisfactory results to
be prominently evident in every community.

Prizes for best essay were awarded as follows: First, to Miss
A. 0. Wilson, Currituck County; second, to Miss M. L. Sessoms,
Bertie County; third, to Miss E. L. McDougald, Columbus County.

The Principal's last report in your office contains the list of books
in our library. No new books were purchased during the session
of 1901-1902.

Summer Normal.

The third Summer Normal School was held July 15-26, 1901. The
enrollment was 150. Counties represented: Pasquotank, Perqui-
mans, Currituck, Camden, Dare, Hertford, Chowan, Washington,
Bertie. Craven, Onslow, Guilford, Gates, Tyrrell, Martin, Hyde and
Norfolk. Va. The school was very successful.

Summary for 1901-1902.

Regular session, enrollment 212

Summer Normal, enrollment 150

Total 312

Number of counties represented 26

348 Bienxiai. Report of the

A Letter.

Elizabeth City, N. C, June 5, 1902.
Pkof. J. Y. Joyner, Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. G,

Dear Sir:- — I take pleasure iu the opportunity to express my
hearty approval of the efficient work done by Prof. P. W. Moore in
the State Normal School, located in Elizabeth City, N. C. I have
attended two of the Commencements of this school; have listened
with interest to the essays of the members of the graduating class,
and have found them to be uniformly of a very high order. Espe-
cially noticeable are the principles shown in these essays to have
been inculcated by the teachers. The genteel and courtly demeanor
also of the students, and, indeed, of the entire audience, indicates
that this institution is exerting a wholesome influence upon the
negro race of this entire section. Evidently money expended on thie
school is being used to good purpose. C. W. Duke,

Pastor White Baptist Church.

I heartily thank the local Board of Managers for support, counsel
and encouragement in my efforts to perform faithfully what I con-
ceived to be my duty.

Obediently, P. W. Moore,


Elizabeth City, N. C, August 15, 1902.
Prof. J. Y. Joyner, Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C.

Dear Sir: — I beg to submit a brief report of the Summer Normal
School held here from July 28th to August 8, 1902, for negro teachers
— a term of ten days.

It was a session of real work on the part of the instructors and
the teachers. The recitations and lectures were interesting, instruc-
tive and inspiring to the teachers, who were faithful, earnest and
attentive. Harmony, good cheer and a desire for better fitness for
the noble work of teaching obtained throughout the session.

I believe that the teachers were greatly benefited, and will do more
efficient work for the children committed to their care.

The enrollment is 187, representing the following counties: Pas-
quotank, Perquimans, Gates, Chowan, Tyrrell, Edgecombe, Mecklen-
burg, Bertie, Craven, Camden, Dare, Currituck, Jones, Norfolk, Va.,
Martin, Northampton, Onslow, Washington, Beaufort, Hyde, and
Hampden, Mass — in all, 21. Pasquotank, Perquimans, Chowan and
Gates Counties made supplementary appropriations for the Summer

The following composed the faculty:

Prof. S. L. Sheep, Superintendent of School for Pasquotank County.

P. W. Moore, Principal State Normal School.

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 349

Mr. J. R. Fleming, State Normal School.

Mr. F. M. Kennedy, St. Augustine's School, Raleigh.

Miss Lulu M. Spaulding, State Normal School.

Superintendent W. G. Gaither, of Perquimans County, delivered a
highly practical and instructive lecture on "The Teacher and the
Citizen." His visit and lecture added much to the school.

The Summer Normal Conference was held August 8th. The fol-
lowing topics were interestingly discussed by the instructors, the
teachers and ministers^

1. ''Home the Foundation of Civilization."

2. "School Problems — (a) Professional Courtesy Among Teachers;
(b)' How to Secure and Hold a School; (c) What Should be Taught
Children Besides Text-books? (d) Does it Pay to Attend Teachers'

3. "The Teacher's Life — (a) Moral; (b) Religious; (c) Intellec-
tual; (d) Material.

4. "The Preacher's Part in Educating the Children."

5. "Co-operation of Parents in School work."

6. "Should Negro Girls go North to Work? What of the evils?"

7. "Business Enterprises Operated by Negroes."

8. "Industrial Education."

The teachers' concert closed the fourth Summer Normal School,
held under the local management of the Board of Managers of the
Elizabeth City State Normal School.

Thanking you for permitting us to hold a Summer Normal School
for the better preparation of our teachers, I am,

Very respectfully, P. W. Moore,


Elizabeth City, N. C, June 25, 1902.
Prof. J. Y. Joyner, Supt. Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. G.

Dear Sir: — Complying with your request of to-day, I take pleasure
in sending herewith a list of graduates in the Normal Department
for the years 1901 and 1902:

Graduates for 1901.

Miss Louise M. Brown, Trenton, N. C; Miss Amanda M. Hill,
Columbia, N. C; Miss Clotee Brinkley, Norfolk, Va.; Miss Bertha J.
Hawkins, Chapanoke, N. C; Mrs. Annie E. Jones, Elizabeth City,
N. C; Mr. Thomas J. Rayner, Windsor, N. C; Mr. Lucius C. Starke,
Elizabeth City, N. C.

All of the above-named persons taught during the past public
school year, except Lucius C. Starke, who assisted his father in the
wood business.


Biennial Report of the

Graduates for 1902.

Mr. Thomas S. Cooper, Windsor, N. C; Mr. John H. Brockett,
Elizabeth City, N. C; Mr. Henry S. Outlaw, Merry Hill, Bertie
County, N. C; Mr. John P. Law, Merry Hill, Bertie County, N. C;
Miss Mamie L. Sessoms, Windsor, N. C; Miss Emma L. McDougald,
Whiteville, N. C; Miss Carlee M. Little, Edenton, N. C.

The class for 1903 numbers twenty.

Tiieasiker's Report.

J. B. Leigh, in account with the State Normal School of Elizabeth
City from July 1. 1901. to November G, 1902.



July 1. To balance brought forward - $1,205.46

Nov. 2. To cash from practice school . 12.41

Nov. 19. To check from State Auditor 500. 00

Dec. 14. To cash from practice school 13.93

Dec. 14. To cash from P. W. Moore 14.00


Jan. 4. Check from State Auditor 500.00

Jan. 11. To cash from practice school 14.02

Feb. 15. To cash from practice school 14.38

March 22. To cash from practice school 14. 50

April 19. To cash from practice school _ 15. 08

May 1 . To warrant from State Auditor. N57. 14

May 1. To cash from Peabody Fund 100.00

May IT. To cash from practice school 14. 96

May 17. To cash from P. W. Moore 11.00

June 6. To cash from practice school 6.30

July 18. To cash from industrial department 106.52

Oct 22. To check from State Auditor 500.00

Total receipts 3,899.70


As per account filed with Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion $3,251.30

Nov. 6. By cash to balance . - 648.40


Most respectfully submitted.

J. B. Leigh, Treasurer.

Superintendent of Public Instruction. 351


Pbanbxinton, N. C, July 9, 1902.
Hox. J. Y. Joyner, Superintendent Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C.

Dear Sir: — The Principal of the Colored Normal School at Frank-
linton, N. C, begs leave here to submit to you his report of the work
done during the term now ended, 1901-1902.

The school opened October 1, 1901, and closed May 14, 1902. making
a scholastic year of quite eight months.

There were enrolled in the course during the year 301 pupils,
representing 51 counties.

The average attendance was good and encouraging, and on this
account, we have been able to do thorough work in all of the classes.


Ten teachers were employed, all of whom are worthy of high com-
mendation for the noble way they strove to bring out the best in
their pupils.


The present condition of my people makes a knowledge of industry
imperative, and to meet this demand we find it necessary not only to
ground our pupils in the essentials of English, mathematics, hygiene,
history, geography, drawing and music, but also to introduce from
time to time such industrial features as will instill in them the
dignity of labor and honest toil.

The Barracks.

During the term the boys of our industrial department erected a
large frame building, accommodating about sixty-five, which has been
neatly furnished with iron bedsteads. This building has added much
to the beauty of the grounds, as well as to the comfort of the pupils.

We have endeavored to carry out the rules and regulations given
by the State Board of Examiners, and each pupil who entered the
Senior or Fourth-Year Normal Class had a first-grade certificate.
Our object here is to graduate only such as are competent to teach in
any of our village and county schools.

Our graduating class this year numbered sixteen — three females
and thirteen males. The former, Misses Hattie V. Murphrey, Elm
City, N. C; Lucy S. Person, Letha, N. C, and Bessie C. Sessoms,
Rocky Mount, N. C. The latter, Messrs. Melvin V. Arrington, Hil-
liardston, N. C; Richard A. Blue, Red Springs, N. C. ; James L.
Brown. Laurinburg, N. C; James H. Bynum, Wilson, N. C; Julius S.
Chance, Williamston, N. C. ; John Q. Evans, Louisburg, N. C; Guil-
ford F. Fuller, Fountain Hill, N. C; A. T. Hawkins, Letha, N. C;
R. O. Hooper, Lumberton, N. C; James F. MacKay, Dunn, N. C;
Julius R. MacKnight, Franklinton, N. C; Alonzo R. Phillips, Wilson,
N. C, and W. A. Watson, Whitaker, N. C.

352 Biennial Report of the

Last year we graduated two young men, Mr. Fairley C. Malloy,
Laurinburg, N. C, and Mr. Theo. Mays, Lillington, N. C. Mr. Malloy
is now a student of Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, and in a class
of 42 pupils, he ranks No. 1. Mr. Mays is secretary to the faculty of
Columbia Industrial College, Columbia, Pa.

Our Commencement exercises were attended by a large, appre-
ciative audience, coming from different parts of the State, and all
were much pleased and spoke highly of what they heard and saw.

During the year several gentlemen of culture gave lectures in our
chapel on popular themes. These lectures were very stimulating to
both teachers and pupils.

We repeat again, our location is everything that could be desired.
In the midst of a large negro population, free from malarial dis-
eases, we are in a position to do much. The white people do much
to encourage us in the uplift of the race, and we live happily to-
gether in our business relations.

This year has given us an opportunity to do much practice work.
Each pupil in the Senior Class has taught one hour daily, and from
the zeal and enthusiasm manifested, we can safely say, our country
schools will be better in the future.

Our receipts from all sources have amounted to $6,000. We report
no debt. The salaries have been too small.

In this connection, we would acknowledge our indebtedness to ex-

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